The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on August 5, 1963 · Page 1
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 1

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Worth ^dams transcript North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120TH YEAR • NO. 47 MONDAY, AUGUST 5, 1963 12 PAGES • 8 CENTS SHOWDOWN IN RACIAL INCIDENT — Chicago policeman draws gun from fioliter as ha approaches a Negro who holds wrench in hii hand as he sifs wirh legs over tdge of car. The Negro dropped the wrench and The police allowed car and occupants to leave area when whites were demonstrating against Negro family moving into previously a[| - white neighborhood. (AP Wirephoto) American Soldiers in Korea Battle Grenade-Hu rling Reds U.S. FIRST CAVALRY DIVISION FRONT, Korea (AP)—Thirteen American soldiers fought off seven grenade-hurling North Korean raiders today in the longest clash in eight days of fresh action on the Korean front. Five Americans suffered scratches from grenade fragments in the two-hour battle, fought in pre-dawn darkness. There were no known Communist casualties. The Communist North Koreans used whistles like pheasant calls to guide Iheir attack. They struck at an American outpost in a narrow finger of Ihe demilitarized zone that was a bloody battleground in the 1950-53 Korean War. The North Koreans hurled a barrage of grenades at the American oulpost set up about 1,000 yards east of where a Communist patrol last week ambushed three Americans in a jeep, killing two and wounding the third. • The spot is 13 miles from Pan- munjoin, wliere the U.N. command warned North Korea it would invite its own destruction if it failed to halt attacks south of the border dividing North and South Korea. North Korea's spokesman, at the Armistice Commission meeting Saturday, rejected the U.N. President Kennedy Is Very Much in Mississippi Primary JACKSON, Miss. (AP) — President Kennedy is very much in the Mississippi Democratic primary even though his name isn't on the ballot for the election Tuesday. What one candidate calls a "CUBS the Kennedy' campaign has overshadowed traditional state issues in the heated campaign lo pick Ihe probable successor of 65- year-old Gov. Ross Barnett. Barnell, who altracled worldwide prominence last fall by defying the federal government in the court-ordered admission of James H. Meredith, a Negro, to the University of Mississippi, can not succeed himself. Traditionally, the incumbent governor takes no part in the campaign lo choose his successor. Barnett has held to this line, saying he was too busy with affairs of state. The four Democratic candidates are: News Dispatches, Photos Are Bounced Off New Syncom II NEW YORK (AP)—Three news stories and two photographs were bounced off the new Syncom II communications satellite Sunday right in its first test to relay »uch transmissions between continents. The transmissions were between Ihe United Stales and Nigeria, Africa. Syncom projecl officials said results were excellent. The U.S. transmissions were seM. from a government facility at Lakchurst, N.J. They were bounced off Ihe satellite, 22,823 miles above the earth, and received by the communications ship Kingsport in Ihe Lagos harbor. Two U.S. wire services each provided a 300-word story for the test. The stories moved at the regular teletype speed of 60 words per minute and each transmission was completed in five minutes. A h e a d-and-shoulder photograph of President Kennedy also was relayed to Lagos. From Nigeria, a 300-word press communique and a photograph of Nigerian Gov. Gen. Nnamdl Azikiwe were sent via Syncom II to L»kehurst. The story provided by one U.S. wire service, The Associated Press, was relayed again, from Ihe ship Kingsport to AP subscribers in Nigeria via its Lagos bureau. The story told of the Syn- com II test. United Press International also participated In the test, —J.P. (for James Plennon) Colemon, 49, of Ackerman, governor in 1956-60. A lawyer, he has been in the stale house of represents- lives for the past four years. —Paul B. Johnson, 47, 'of Hat- liesburg, the lieutenant governor, A World War II Marine captain and son of a former governor, Johnson—like Barnett—faces fed- era! criminal contempt proceedings stemming from the Meredith case, —Robert Mason, 60, of Magee, a welder who earned the nickname "blowtorch" for his colorful stump speeches during the 19^9 gubernatorial campaign. He finished last in a four-man field with about 20,000 voles. —Charles Sullivan, 38, of Clarksdale, the third major candidate. Sullivan, a prematurely gray-haired ex-districl attorney, finished a surprisingly strong third in the 1959 gubernatorial campaign. He is a state rights advocate who says he will bolt the Democratic party rather than vote /or Kennedy. Although Democratic victory has virtually assured election for nearly a century, Republicans are mounting their first serious bid for the state house in decades. Onetime Democrat Rubel Phillips, 38, is stumping the state as Ihe GOP standard-bearer for the genera! election, Republicans hope to capitalize on dissatisfaction with the Kennedy adminislration and the national Democratic parly. None of the three major candidates is expected to win a clear- cut majority, which means the top two would go into an Aug. 27 runoff. command's charges as "fabrications." A U.N. command spokesman said today there were no reports of fighting elsewhere along the 151-mile Korean front. The commander of the beseiged group, Capt, Jerry Scott of Ada, Okla., said the Communisl patrol leader apprenlly directed his soldiers with whistles sounding like pheasant calls. This correspondent was in a battle position on a nearby hill when Scotl's outpost was attacked, "Pheasants" whistled throughout the area but Scolt and his men were Ihe only ones hil during the night. Dr. Ward's Suicide May Be Followed By Further Trials LONDON (AP)—More court actions appear in prospect in Ihe wake of the vice trial and suicide of Dr. Stephen Ward, who believed he was the scapegoat of Britain's sex and security scandal. Before swallowing the barbilu- rates that snuffed out his life Saturday after an 80-hour coma, Ward wrote in one of many suicide notes, "The ritual sacrifice is demanded and I cannol stand it." Leading lawyers and legislators voiced concern over several aspects of the trial in which Ward, 50, was cleared of three vice charges and found guilly of two others—living off the earnings of prostitutes Christine Keeler and Marilyn (Mandy) Rice- Davies. Legal experts said they expect action against at least two prosecution witnesses. Call girls Vicky Barrett and Ronna Ricardo. admitted in court they lied under oath. Public sympalhy grew wilh reports of Ward's death—alone except for a prison warder, his brother and hospital staff and deserted by his so-called friends in high places. Many felt the osteopath was made a scapegoat for introducing former War Minister John Fro- fumo to Miss Keeler, who at the same time was seeing an assistant Soviet naval attache. Their triangular relationship touched off the scandal that threatened to topple Prime Minister Macmillan's government. Profumo resigned in disgrace. Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Is Signed By Ministers of U.S., Britain, Soviet Union Bonn Will Not Sign Nuclear Test Ban Pact for Present BONN, Germany (AP) — West Germany wiH not sign the atom-Ic test ban treaty for the time being, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's chief press spokesman said foday. Karl Guenther von Has* said West Germany wants to avoid any misuse of tile treaty to increase the prestige of Hie East German Communist regime. Walter Ulbricht, the East German leader, wants to sign. Von Hasa said the West Germans are particularly interested in what will come out of the discussion of the treaty in the U.S. Senate. Von Hase spoke to newsmen Just as Robert S. McNamara, U.S. secretary of defense, flew back to Washington after an unexpected visit to Adenauer. McNamara told newsmen at Wahn Airport that the lest ban had not been discussed. Soviet Delegation Leads Mass Public Snub of Red China HIROSHIMA, Japan (AP)-The Soviet delegation led a mass public snub of the Red Chinese tonight. They marched from the audience in Hiroshima Peace Park as the head of the Chinese delegation began to speak at the ninth world conference against nuclear bombs. They were joined by the Indians and by delegates from East European Communist countries, including Yugoslavia. The group paraded lo the front of the arched war memorial to Hiroshima's 240,000 atom bomb dead and stood with heads bowed and their backs to the speaker, Chao Pu-chu, as he denounced the tripartite test ban treaty signed in Moscow today. The 14 Soviet delegates were led out of the audience by Yuri Zhukov, a commentator for Pravda, the Soviet Communist party newspaper. The apparently planned affront look the 10,300 participants to the outdoor ceremony in the park by surprise, but did not prevent them from giving Chno repeated applause. Most of the audience was pro-Chinese, Chao's denunciation of the Soviet Union for signing tile treaty followed soon after the conference heard a message from Premier Khrushchev which described the ban as "a brilliant victory" for his policy of peaceful coexistence. One-Legged Boy Scout Ends 50-Mile Hike BUTTE, Mont. (AP) — A one- legged Boy Scout has completed a 50-mile hike that took him across the Continental Divide four times, through mountain streams, over rocks and felled trees. Robert Reopelle, 12, made the trip on crutches with 23 other members of Butle Troop 6 and two adult leaders. They covered more than 50 mites in the primitive Annconda-Pintlar wilderness area south of Moose Lake- in Granite County. Scoutmaster Dick Matthew said young Reopelle did not ask and received no favors. Textual Highlights of Treaty World Briefs MOSCOW (AP) — Textual highlights of the partial nuclear test ban treaty signed today: (The United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, proclaiming as their principal aim the speediest, possible achievement of an agreement on general and complete disarmament under strict international control in accordance with the objectives of the United Nations which would put an end to the armaments race and eliminate tlW incentive to the production and testing of all kinds of weapons, including nuclear weapons, Seeking lo achieve the discontinuance of all test explosions of Today In Nation's Capital WASHINGTON (AP) —In the news from Washington: AS YOU WERE: Tiie Army is scrapping its experimental program for rotating bailie-group size outfits on six-month tours of duly in IJurope. A brief announcement Saturday said the program—called "rota- plan" —was being dropped "because it generated considerable personal turbulence and did not produce hoped for reduction in the spending of dollars abroad." * * « DARK HORSES?: Sen. Jacob K. Javits, R-N.Y., says Sens. Thomas Kucliel of California, Clifford P. Case of New, Jersey and John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky should be considered as potenlial compromise candidates for the 1964 GOP presidential nomination should a deadlock develop at the convention. However, Javits said Sunday in a radio-television interview, "it is i..ost likely it will be Rockefeller or Goldwater, because both are national and international figures, as things stand today." « « * PROPAGANDA WAR: Russia and Red Chins are using the airwaves to step up the war of word* over their ideological differences, U.S. officials report, and the Voic. of America appears to be a beneficiary of the split in the Communist camp. Officials at the Voice of America, the U.S. government's overseas radio, say the Soviets and Chinese are beaming more short wave propaganda broadcasts at one another while the Soviet bloc has eased its jamming of American transmissions. Drives Tricycle 408 MPH to Set Record on Land BONNEVILLE SALT FLATS, Utah (AP) — The Utah Highway Patrol says Craig Breedlove, 26, of Los Angeles set a world land speed record of 406 miles an hour today. The patrol said Breedlove made two runs—one of 388 miles per hour, the other of 428.37 miles per hour—on Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats. The course is on the Utah- Nevada border west of Salt Lake City. The late John Cobb of England set the previous speed marks'.2 miles per hour — 16 years ago on the same salt speedway. Breedlove set Ihe record in his jet powered tricycle called the "Spirit of America." nuclear weapons for all time, determined to continue negotiations to this end, and desiring to put an end to the contamination ol man's environment by radioactive substances, Have agreed as follows: Article I 1. Each of the parlies to this treaty undertakes lo prohibit, to prevent and not lo carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion at any place under its jurisdiction or control: A. In the atmosphere, beyond its limits, including outer space, or under water, including territorial waters or high seas; or B. In any other environment if juch explosion causes radioactive debris to be present outside the territorial limits of the state under whose jurisdiction or control such explosion is conducted. 2. Each of the parties lo this treaty undertakes furthermore to refrain from causing, encouraging or in any way participating in, Ihe carrying out of any nuclear weapon test explosion, or any other nuclear explosion anywhere which would take place in any of the environments described, or have the effect referred to. Article II 1. Any party may propose amendments to this treaty. 2. Any amendment lo this treaty must be approved by a majority of the votes of all the parties to this treaty, including the votes of all the original par- lies. Article III 1. This Ireaty shall be open lo all states for signature. 2. This treaty will be subject to ratification by signatory states. Article IV 1. This 4 treaty shall be of unlimited duration. 2. Each party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, bave the right to withdraw from the treaty if jt decides that extraordinary events, related to the subject mailer of the treaty, have jeopardized the supreme interests of its country. DAMASCUS, Syria (AP)-Prime Minister Salah Bilar today announced formation of his third cabinet in five months. , The cabinet shuffle came dur- irig a heated war of words between President Gamal Abdel Nasser of the United Arab Republic and Syria's ruling Ba'ath Socialist party. Bui it indicated no changes in Syria's foreign and economic policies. * • * BOLZANO, Italy (AP)—Three explosions peppered the heart of Bolzana today, just 24 hours after terrorists in the troubled Italian South Tyrol dropped a bomb down a police barracks chimney and gravely injured two prisoners. No one was hurt in the three new blasts. The dynamitings appeared to signal a new wave of agitation by German-speaking residents of this north Italian Alpine region (hat was Austrian territory until World War I. Terrorists are demanding greater regional autonomy. * * 4 MANILA (AP)—The leaders of Malaya, Indonesia and the Philippines ended their summil meeting today with a pledge to work* together for peace and progress in Southeast Asia. In a solemn ceremony at the Philippine Foreign Minislry, officials signed agreements designed to bring the three states closer together and solve the Malaysia dispute. One agreement presented a detailed outline of instructions to U.N. Secretary-General U Thant on how to ascertain the wishes of the people of North Borneo and Sarawak concerning Malaysia. * * * SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) —A Buddhist monk in his early twenties burned himself to death in the second fiery suicide protesting alleged religious persecution by President Ngo Dinh Diem's government in South Viet Nam. Nguyen Huong set fire lo his gasoline-soaked robes Sunday in a public square in Phan Thiet, a fishing village 100 miles east of Saigon. Predicts House Will Pass Tax, Civil Rights Legislation WASHINGTON (AP) — The House Republican leader, Charles A. Halleck, predicts a tax reduction-revision bill and some sort of civil rights legislation will, be passed by the House. But he foresees stiff oppposition in the Senate. The Indianan gave this forecast Sunday in a televised interview (NBC—Sunday Report). ( His somewhat optimistic prediction for the fate of the two measures in the House—given top priority by the Democratic adminis- t'ltion—is contrary to the GOP leader's earlier views. This week, congressional committees may start making major decisions on tax cuts and civil rights. But it remains highly uncertain when they will reach the floor of the House or Senate for debate. The Home Ways and Means Committee took a series of votes on the lax legislation last week and 'nay reach the most important question—reduced rate schedules-in the next few days. President Kennedy recommended a net cut of about $10.2 billion to be reached in stages. Hep. Thomas B. Curtis, R-Mo., a member of the committee, said Sunday in an interview on New York television stations, "The most we are probably talking about is a $7-bi!lion or $8-billion cut, net." The Senate Commerce Committee completed its public hearings last Friday on one of the most important sections in the civil rights package—a ban on discrimination in public accommodations. H may start deliberations on the measure during the week. Tuesday or Wednesday, the House will take up a bill to increase sharply the government's outlays for '-ocational education. T e first of Kennedy's aid to edu- cition proposals to reach either floor, it has bipartisan support but may run into trouble because of a drive by some Republicans to attach an antidiscrimination amendment. Later in the week the House will debate a bill to extend the $309- billion debt ceiling until Nov. 30. The Senate will consider on Tuesday a $5.5-hillion appropriations measure for the Labor and Welfare Departments. The Senate Commerce Committee meets Thursday to begin executive sessions on emergency railroad legislation. The Senate Judiciary Committee has 'tentatively scheduled for Wednesday additional testimony from Ally. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy on the civil rights package. Federal Agents Guard Life of Mobster It Says Has Provided FBI With Detailed Description of Dominant Crime Organization in U.S. WASHINGTON (AP)-The government is confident that an underworld figure it says has given federal agents a detailed description of the dominant crime organization in the United States will live to tell his story to Senate investigators. In a secret hideout FBI agents are guarding Joseph Valachi, a 80-year-old New Yorker once iair- ly high in the mob hierarchy, who has outlined the structure of the terror-ridden "Cosa Noatra" and put the finger on some top racketeers already undtr investigation. Valachi has a date with Sen. John L. McClcllan's Senate Investigations subcommittee >when it resumes Its inquiry into illegal narcotics traffic, The McClellan panel beg*n it* probe of narcotics three year* ago, then turned to the Billie Sol F.stes investigation and Ihe TFX warplane contract award. No date has been set for the resumption of its hearings, but McClellan, an Arkansas Democrat, said Sunday he expects Valachi to be a witness. The government considers Vala- chi's accounj. of crime in America —including an inside view of the celebrated November 1957 mobsters' convention at Apalachin, N.Y. — an important intelligence breakthrough. His story has been corroborated by other sources and investigations, and information he gave federal agents has been passed on to local authorities, ^dwin O, Guthman, Justice Department public information director said, The theory of a secret society at the hub of organized U.S. crime has been supported for many years by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. Valachi provided a blueprint of the "Cosa Nostra"— literally meaning "Our Thing" but sometimes called the syndicate— and confirmation that such an organization of criminals exists. The story of the Valachi breakthrough appeared Sunday In a copyrighted atory in th« Washington Star. The Justice Department confirmed the essen/lals. At the head of "Cosa Nostra" Valachi placed Vito Genovese, 6fl- year-old Italian-born narcotics boss serving a 15-year sentence at Atlanta Penitentiary. Genovese plotted the Apalachin. meeting. While Valach! was not prominent mough to attend, b* was high enough In the organization to know what went on — and for a time later, he was Genovese's cellmate in Atlanta. Reasons for Meeting The Apalachin delegates were the bosses of the individual branches of Cosa Nostra and their bodyguards. According to the Star there were two main reasons for the meetlng:*-Genoveic wanted the organization's support for an attempt on the life of racketeer Frank Cnntello and the slaying of gangster Albert Anastasia; Genovese wanted to strike from the organization's rolls approximately 200 "button men," or soldiers in the society, as no longer useful. Valachi already had a long record of arrests for robbery, extortion, burglary, gambling and narcotics when h« wa» arrested in November 1!>59 as a heroin supplier and sentenced to 1.1 years In the penitentiary. While Valachi was serving time, federal narcotics agents broke an international dope ring. Valachi was one •, of 24 persons indicted and he was given a 20-year sentence, to run concurrently with his earlier prison term. Available sources say Valachi heard he was suspected of having informed on the ring and waa marked for death. Vfllachi, wno had meanwhile pleaded guilty to'the fellow convict's murder and drawn a life sentence, wns spirited from Atlanta and into a scored hiding place. An FBI agent became his constant companion, drawing from the American-born aon of. Italian immigrants, names, plac- es and dates of events. The picture of Cosa Nostra's organization Valachi is said to have supplied: At the top, a ruling council known as the "commission," with Genovese as the chief and its members—known as "bosses" — serving as heads of crime "families" In cities across the nation. Tht "families" control organized crime In their areas. Individual mobs within the families pay part of their profits from narcotics, gambling and vice to the families. The council determines which families get which crime concessions. It also passes on disputes over spoils. Known families art said to bt operating in several cities including ProrldoKt iwd Boston.' Rusk Calls Pact Good First Step Toward Peace MOSCOW (AP) — Representatives of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union today . signed a partial nuclear test ban treaty in solemn ceremonies in the grand Kremlin palace. Foreign Ministers Sign Secretary of State Dean Rusk, British Foreign Secretary Lord Home and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko put their signatures on the historic document at 4:34 p.m. Moscow time. Premier Khrushchev witnessed the signing. "Our three governments," said Rusk, "have today taken what all mankind mast hope will be a first step on the road to a secure and peaceful world. "The treaty we have signed today is a good first step—a step for which the United States has long and devoutly hoped. But it is only a first step. It does not end the threat of nuclear war." Rusk warned that it would be impossible "for us to guarantee now what the significance of this act will be." "History will eventually record how we deal with the unfinished business of peace," lie continued. "But each of our governments can and will play iui important role in determining what future historians will report." Rusk made his remarks after putting his signature to the Ireaty binding the three powers to end all nuclear weapons testings in the atmosphere, in space and under water. Underground testing is not affected. "In a broader sense," Rusk concluded, "the signature of this treaty represents the readiness of the United Stales to join with the two other original signatories and with other nations in a determined and sustained effort to find practical means by which tensions can be reduced and the burdens of Ihe arms race lifted from Ihe shoulders of our people." Immediately after the simultaneous signing by the three foreign ministers, Gromyko made a speech hailing the treaty as "a success of the peaceful policy of the Soviet Union." Toasl lo Peace He proposed a champagne toast to peace and friendship among nations. Witnesses to the signing clinked glasses with Khrushchev and U.N. Secretary-General U Thant, another witness who flew to Moscow for (he signing. Khrushchev had met separately before the ceremony with both Rusk and Home and their delegations and with Thant. Arilai E. Stevenson, U.S. ambassador, to the United Nations, and six U.S. senators were present at Rusk's talk with Khrushchev. Sen. J. W. Fulbright, D-Ark., chairman of Ihe Senate Foreign Relations Committee, alluded to 'possible Seunte opposition lo the treaty. He remarked to Gromyko: "No one can speak for the Senate unless it speaks for itself, but I am personally in favor of this treaty." Says Soviets Are Quitting Moon Race WASHINGTON (API - The Soviet Union has stepped out of the race to land a man on the moon because it's too costly, Sir Bernard Lovell, noted British astronomer, said lodny. In n copyrighted interview with the news magazine, U.S. News & World Report, the director of Britain's Jodrrll Bank observatory also said: The Russinns are making sincere overtures toward cooiwra- lion in space. Their prime programs now arc to land instruments softly on Ihe moor! and to orbit a space platform manned by an engineer and an astronomer for five lo .seven days to view the heavens from a space telescope. Sir Bernard said his information came in a recent trip to the Soviet Union and interviews with the president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. The Weather Slow clearing (his aflfrmwn. Clear nnd cool tonight. Ixiw near 5fl. Seasonal temperature* tomorrow. High near 7S, Showcri developing late Wed-

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