TWO THE NORTH ADAMS. MASSACHUSETTS. TRANSCRIPT SATURDAY AFTERNOON. AUGUST 3.1963 WorthMam''Cramcript Founded 1843 Publithed By The Traiucript Publishing Atiociation A MaitackuttUi Triut TruitMs: Jtm«« A. Htrdman, Jr., ftobart Hardmin, E4w«rd N. Gadsby Editor, Jam*! A. Hardman, Jr. Buu'neu Manager, Robert Hardman Managing Editor, Philip A. L»« Editorial Doing Right Reluctantly Although the Massachusetts Crime Commission apparently is about as popular as a dose of ipecac with many members of the State Legislature, not many members of the House dared, when the chips were down, to vote against the $569,000 appropriation to finance a one-year crash program by the Commission to root out corruption in Massachusetts state government. • The measure passed the House only af,ter Gov. Peabody and Atty. Gen. Brooke beat back hostile attacks on the proposed investigations. Even as the Blatnik subcommittee in Washington was charging "gross incompetence and" downright collusion and fraud" in the Massachusetts Department of Public Works, last-ditch attempts were being made in. the House to block or amend to death the crime probe appropriation. There arc undoubtedly many reasons for this opposition. Some honest and honorable legislators feel that there is danger of such a probe tarring the reputations of some public officials wrongly. Others don't want to spend that kind of money on a crime probe. And some genuinely believe the probe would be better conducted by the attorney general's office. But it is a good bet that most of the legislators who oppose the investigation are simply afraid. It has long been an open secret that some state lawmakers have done business with the state, and the chances are that any thoroughgoing probe of corruption in state government would reach into the legislative chambers. In spite of this opposition, the appropriation passed the House unscathed and with no strings attached. Now it is up to the Senate. It seems doubtful that the upper house will dare block the probe at this stage—particularly as it is clear to most people that, despite numerous indictments and jailings, government corruption in this state has hardly been scratched. Many lawmakers may not really like the idea of a thorough investigation, but they will vote against it at their peril. Massachusetts needs a housecleaning, and it intends to have one. Why We Must Fight . Hundreds of horrified tourists received an object lesaon Thursday in why the free world must continue to fight the spread of police state communism. In full view of the visitors Bast German guards gunned down an elderly man, whose only offense was that he wanted to leave East Germany. A woman who accompanied the man in his ill-fated dash to cross the border and once more breathe the clean air of freedom was wounded. We suspect that the man, who died and whose body lay for hours as a warning to East German inhabitants that they leave their prison country only at the risk of sudden death, was luckier than the woman. How long the tragic oppression of millions of humans by this inhuman political system will continue no one knows. But the Berlin wall and the cocked guns of the East German border guards are a confession that its power can be maintained only by fear and by force. Every day that wall stands and every time that a harried East German, seeking freedom, is slain, the basic weakness of a system that can rule only through the whip, the gun and the impassable barrier is more deeply revealed. Tyranny always contains the seeds of its own destruction. There is evidence that the rulers of Russia itself are beginning to realize this, and are changing their approach to the free world and their treatment of the Russian people accordingly. Red Qhina, East Germany and other Soviet satellites still have this lesson to learn. In the meantime they rule through fear and oppression, and when they viciously show their hand by such episodes as occurred at the Berlin wall Thursday, people who enjoy the blessings of real freedom can only renew their determination to resist and oppose the spread of Commu- Only Yestertlay Mayor O'Brien Signed Curfew Law; Davis Won U,S. Bugle Championship signed the new curfew law that had been passed by the City Council. It prohibited children from being on the streets before 6 in. the morning and after 10 at night. • t * 10 Years Ago Miss Margaret L. Tyrell of 43 W. Main St., secretary in the local office of the Chamber of Com- mcrrce wns at Yale College attending classes of the Northeastern Institute for Chamber of Commerce and Board of Tradt executives. Darcy B. Davis Jr., music director at Bennington (Vt.) High School, and son ol Mr. and Mrs. Davis of 82 Brooklyn St., won the national championship individual bugle contest (or the second time in Milwaukee, Wise. * » • Ally. Jarnes W. Lilly was noml- naled commander of Frank R. Stiles Post, American Legion. He succeeded Robert D, Lane. 30 Years Ago Rice's Drug Store, founded by the 'late John A. and Dr. George L. Rice in 1866, celebrated its 67th anniversary. In 1912 it was taken over by Councilman Edward Rice and Mayor Archie Pratt. • + « The North Adams Savings Bank sold the Mulcare Block on Marshall St. to the Morrissey brothers, who had a cafe there. + * * 20 Yean Afo Raymond W. Guettler of 33 George St., Adams, was named military substitute for Joseph Cardonnel, who was in the navy, in the Adams Police Department. • * * Miss Mary Mcade ot Williamstown, gradua:. of the North Adams Stale Teachers College in .Mine, was assigned to [each ir. the Berkshire Cripple Children's School in Pittsfield. • * * Mwor Cornelius E. O'Brien Inside Report Will Sen. Jackson , Make Final Break With White House? and ROBERT NOVAK By ROWLAND EVANS " WASHINGTON — QUITE APART FROM its impact in international and domestic politics, the Senate vote on the nuclear test ban treaty is causing an intense personal crisis in the political career of Sen, Henry M. Jackson of Washington. At the age of 51, boyish-looking "Scoop" Jackson is on the bank of his political Rubicon. Jackson, who just missed being John F. Kennedy's running mate and wound up instead as National Democratic Chairman for the I960 campaign, has drifted fu.iher from parly regularity than is generally realized. Should he now buck President Kennedy by opposing the treaty, he would burn his bridges to the main body of Northern Democrats. Yet, supporting the treaty would not come easy for Jackson. As a hard-line anti-Communist, he is instinctively skeptical and appre-' hensive about U. S.-Soviet agreements. What's more, Jackson has been lobbying against a test ban for weeks, c, ;=tly button-holing fellow Senators to tell them of fears by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. * * * WHAT MAKES Jackson's dilemma more than just a personal problem is the fact that Jackson is more than just another Senator. A veteran of nearly 20 years In tlie Senate, he is its youngest standing committee chairman, is near the top on three other committees, and is the only member of hot!) the McClellan and Stennis investigating subcommittees. Operating from these power bases, Jackson could be a torment to the Kennedy administration. Moreover, a Jackson vote against the treaty could be pivotal. Though there's little doubt that tire President will get the two- third majority needed for ratification, the Administration would like to limit "no" votes to the handful of neo-isolationists typified by South Carolina's Strom Thurmond. Jackson could make opposition to the treaty more respectable, luring other moderates to vote against it. * * * THE POIGNANCY of this situation can be appreciated only by remembering the immediate past. It wasn't so long ago that two young lawmakers named S^oop Jackson and Jack Kennedy were bachelor buddies, playing an occasional game of touch football in Georgetown on Sunday afternoons. As the 1960 election neared, Jackson became identified as a Kennedy man — a rarity in the Senate. Thus, on that frantic Thursday in Los Angeles after Kennedy's nomination, the smart money was on Jackson for the vice-presidency. When Lyndon B. Johnson was named instead, Jackson won the consolation prize of the national party chairmanship. Maybe that's where the trouble started. While Robert F. Kennedy and the Irish Mafia really ran the campaign, Jackson was a figurehead chairman — an arrangement that friends say galled him beyond description, * » * AT ANY RATE, Jackson was opposing the new Administration with surprising frequency in 196162 though there was a tendency to minimize it. When Jackson attacked Mr. Kennedy's United Nations policy, it was widely interpreted as a White House trial balloon (it was no such thing, actually). The skeptics finally became.con- vinced of the split this year when Jackson triggered the investigation of the Administration's TFX contract award along with Dixie- crats and conservative Republicans.' As a result, there has been an informal Jackson re-assessment within Democratic ranks. Some senators privately argue that he has stunted his chances for political advancement. Just the other day in the reception room of National Democratic headquarters where photographs of all the past national chairmen are displayed, a Democratic politician 1 inted to Jackson's and muttered: "That's one picture they ought to turn to the wall." • * * * THE WHITE HOUSE Is not yet ready to put Jackson's picture to the wall. Presidential advisers claim that they appreciate the no- li :',cal necessity of Jackson's TFX stand (facing re-election next year, he was obviously embarrassed by failure of Seattle-based Boeing to get the contract). But .the test ban treaty is so cantral to the administration's foreign policy and 1964 campaign strategy that It dwarfs Iseuen like TFX. During the com Ing dsys, Jackson probably will be appealed to by White House aides —by the President himself, if need be. Should all tfiorts fail, Jackson may find himself crossing his Rubicon away from the New Frontier. North Adams Skle« , Salsrdsy, August t Sunset today, 8:12 p.m. Sunrise tomorrow, 5:46 a.m. Moonrise today, 7:13 p.m. Prominent Slars Altair, high in south at 11:51 p.m., is directly above the Moon tonight. The two bright stars well above Altair are Denub and Vega. 'Naturally, I Would Have To Consider Carefully Any Limitations In The Atmosphere Or Outer Space 1 ja Fourteen Rejected Senate Treaty Powers Have Caused Uproars By CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERLY WASHINGTON -Of the three nations which initialed the nuclear test-ban treaty in Moscow, the United States was the only one faced with the real possibility that its legislative branch might jettison the whole effort. In Great Britain, there is no law requiring parliamentary approval of treaties, but tliere has developed the custom of seeking a vote of approval from the House of Commons. As a mailer of practice, Commons (Joes not reject treaties negotiated by the Cabinet because the latter is so closely tied to the Commpns majority party. In the Soviet Union, treaties are submitted to both the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and the entire body, but no one expects Russian Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev to be rebuffed. • 9 * THE POWER OF the United States Senate to give or withhold its "advice and consent" to ratification of treaties has caused some major uproars in American history. At the same time it has involved Congress directly in some of the landmark chapters in the nation's dealings with foreign powers — from the Louisiana Purchase to creation of the United Nations and NATO. Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution gives the President the "power, by and with the advice / and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur." Article VI makes treaties part of "the supreme law of the land." The President may not ratify a treaty until the Senate gives iU endorsement by a two-thirds vote. The Constitution does not re' quire that treaties' be approved by a roll-call vote. However, following complaints that treaties and constitutional amendments had sometimes been approved by only a handful of senators — that in one instance a treaty was approved by two senators — the Senate leadership in 1933 adopted an informal rule that roll calls would be required. AT VARIOUS TIMES, there have been proposals to reduce the number of Senate votes needed for ratification to a majority, rather than two-thirds, and to give the House a voice in treaty approval, or even to transfer the treaty-approving function to the House. Several students of U.S. foreign policy have argued that the Senate's power ties the hands of U.S. negotiators and could be disastrous to U.S. foreign policy. A leading authority on the Senate has written: "The (two-thirds) rule's most calamitous effects are psychological. In the Senate it heartens any tiny group . . . to attempt delays and bargaining to persuade enough colleagues to join them to make a 'recalcitrant one third plus one." Such an ad hoc bloc in our Senate can and does exercise a pathological obstruction' in the handling of our foreign relations such as is exercised tiy so small a minority in no other legislative body of the world." President Theodore Roosevelt once said that in exercising treaty powers, individual senators seemed to consider 'the prerogatives ol the Senate as far more important than the welfare of the country." And President Woodrow Wilson called the Senate's treaty-making power its "treaty-marring" power. Wilson, of course, suffered a stinging defeat at the hands of the Senate, which in 1920 rejected the Treaty of Versailles provid- The Short of It Our friends up in Savoy are buzzing over the saga of the misplaced mail box. Seems ore Savoy individualist was notified about a year ago by postal authorities that he would have to move hia mail box across the road because It constituted a hazard for the mailman. He refused, claiming that if he moved it it would then be a hazard for him. So he didn't move it. * • * Chapter two opens wilh the mailing by the Mass. Electric Co. of a bill to the Savoy man. The bill was followed by others, but they remained unpaid, the householder claim- Ing ~he never got them because he never got mall. So this week the power company •hut off the stubborn lad'i electricity. Now he is living, apparently quite contentedly, without mail service and without electricity. And the power company people are wondering how they are going to get him to pay hia back bill. It just doesn't pay to fool around with theee Hilltown people. » • * Speaking of mailmen, Carrier Don Whitney reports that he knows all gbout—and can handle —the hazard of dogs. But Ihe other day he came (ace to face with another form of animal Interference with toe maiU. Making delivery to a box on Chantilly Aw., Don found the open- ing to the box blocked by the head of a large horse. After trying to shoo the animal oft without success, Don finally screwed his courage up-and gingerly lifted the equine's head for enough so he could deposit the mail in the box—something he never would have dared to do to a dog. •• * * * More about the old Chub Ives restaurant: Old timers recall that the rathskeller had an efficient waitress known to all and sundry as "Emily Apple" because of , her fondness for Chub's apple. No one recalls her real name, but lived on Walnut Street. And Jerry Siciliano reports that Chub used to advertise that he served 1,000 beans for * dime." « * * Big bettors didn't stay away from Berkshire Downs. They just stayed away from the parlmutuel windows doing their own wagering without cutting the tiack in •t all, according to persons who know them arxJ the circumstance* very w«U. • • • An added starter In the Oreylock Tramway Authority stakes Is Gil Rudnick of Adams, formerly of North Adams. Some prominent Democrats are boosting Gil for the vacancy left vacant by Dr. Dobelle at the request of Gov. Peabody. The governor •Wl hasn't disclosed hi»eaoice Jor the job, ing for U.S. participation in the League of Nations. • * • IN ALL, the Senate has finally rejected 14 treaties, only 1 per cent of those which have been submitted. The last treaty rejection was in 1934, whn the Senate turned down a treaty with Canada to establish the St. Lawrence Seaway. In 1954, Congress finally authorized .the Seaway through regular legislation. The Senate has other alternatives than to accept or reject a treaty. It may, by majority vote, add a "reservation" to a treaty. If the reservation has a serious effect on the treaty, it will probably lead to renegotiations. This is particularly true where there are few signatories, and where there is a delicate balance of interests, as in the test-ban treaty. The Senate may also approve ratification of a treaty with an"understanding" of its intent, similar to the process ot establishing congressional intent on regular legislation. Of the 1,357 treaties which have been submitted to the Senate since 1789, 944, or 70 per cent, have been approved without reservations or understandings; Another 252, or 18 per cent, have been approved with reservations or understandings; 133 were either rejected or did not receive final action—10 per cent; and 28 treaties are still pending. If a treaty is not approved by the Senate, frequently the President asks that it be returned to him. Otherwise, treaties, unlike bills, do not die at the end of a Congress, but remain pending. « + * MANY INTERNATIONAL agreements are set out not in the form of treaties, but as "executive agreements." There are no precise legal distinctions setting out what should be »ubmit- ted In the form of a treaty and what might be done by executive agreement. Generally, executive agreements carry owl legislative authority (such as trade or foreign aid agreements) or are entered into and then approved by Congress (such as membership in some International organisations or participation in the St. Lawrence Seaway), or are strictly executive actions (such as armistice agreements or agreements covering the treatment of U. S. forces in another country). The recently concluded agreement to establish a "hoi line" communications wire between Washington and Moscow, based on the 1961 Arms Control and Disarmament Act, fell In the first category. From time to time Congress has tried to curb the use of executive agreements and the effect of treaties over domestic matters, The last serious attempt was made !n 1954 under the leadership of former Sen. John W. Brlcker (R-Ohio). This was In reaction to the post-war Yalta executive agreement, plus fears that the United Nations would encroach on U. S. sovereignty. The move, was not successful. The "sxtvie* and ooosaot" pro- oess of approving treaties Is not always concerned with such weighty matters u the test-ban treaty ol the League of Nations. For example, of the eight treaties approved by the Senate in 1962 (all of them unanimously), one was concerned with s change of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Convention M regard* moUusks, Blackinton Youths Invite Others To Carnival Tuesday Youngsters attending the Black Inton Playground arc going to stage a carnival Tuesday after noon and they have invited chil dren from the seven other play grounds in the city to attend it The selection, by vote of the boys, of a Miss Playground who will be crowned queen will climax the program, but there will be many other features, too — although no rides. Among those planned are dart, penny pitching, ring toss and pin- Ihe-tail-on-the donkey games, puz- xle contests and others, with prises for the winners; a fortune oiler's booth, and a refreshment stand where cookies and soft drinks will be sold at penny prices. The proceeds of the carnival will be turned over to Mary Jezyk Sunshine Park, the playground at Kemp Park for retarded children. The carnival activities will start at noon and continue to 4 p.m., according to George LaFountain Jr., and Miss piane Sutton, the playground supervisors. Under their direction, the chil dren regular]? attending the Blackinton Playground are setting up the arrangements for the games, contests and booths. Communications Club to Aid Hospital In Disaster Work The Northern Berkshire Emergency Communications Club has offered to help North Adams Hospital solve its disaster communications problem. The problem that cropped up at Monday's mock bus crash was ceeping in touch with- the accident scene. Hospital Administrator George A. Lerrigo and the hospital staff will see if a solution can be worked out with the club whose members' cars are equipped with citizens' band radios. The hospital Is having a post mortem today on the disaster. Civil Defense Director Chalmer F. Rose helped coordinate the ovit- of-the-hospital portion of Monday's test. To The Transcript Vermont to March Editor of The Transcript: The Aug. 28 March in Washington, which is being organized by the Negro leaders'in this country to call attention to the pressing .need for adequate legislation in the field of civil rights, has been, mentioned frequently in the Vermont press. But Vermonters are apt to feel that this is an event that does not concern them, and that the cause of civil rights can be left to those immediately and necessarily involved. It has become increasingly clear in recent months, however, that for any responsible citizen anywhere, regardless of color, not to speak out and declare himself on this subject is to play into the hands of irresponsible extremists on both sides and to endanger the very basis of our government. Walter Lippmann has said recently: "The cause of desegregation must cease to be a Negro movement, blessed by while politicians from the northern states. It must become a. national movement to enforce national laws, led and directed by the national government," A number of us in the Bennington area, feeling that it is important for Vermont to be part of this national movement, have, with the encouragement and support of local church authorities, organized a Vermont March for Civil Rights. It is our plnn U> charter buses for all those interested in joining the Aug. 28 March in Washington. These air-conditioned buses will leave from Bennington on Aug. 27 and return late in the day on Aug. 28; the cost of the round-trip is $20. Those participating will be housed by cooperating church groups in Washington; they will call on Vermont's senators and repre sentative and take port in the March on Aug. 28. The coordinat ing committee for the event, headed by A. Philip Rnndolph President of the Brotherhood ol Pullman Sleeping Car Porters, Roy Wllkins, Executive Secretary of the N.A.A.C.P., Dr. Martin Luther King, and James Farmer, national director o: CORE, Li taking great p«lns to assure thst this will be in every way a dignified and nonviolent demonstration. May I urge as many Vermont era as possible to join us In this enterprise? Anyone intcreste< should write immediately and send $20 to Vermont March for Ci»il Right*, North Benntagton Vt Anyone Interested but unable himself to go is urged to coo- tribute financially. It la our hope to raise enough money to take care of those who wish to attend but are unable to make the finan cial sacrifice. This is K matter that concerns us all. and we welcome aid nnc participation from all areas o; tbesUte. WILLIAM JAY SMITH, PownsJ, Vt PVT. R. W. PERREAULT Pvt. R. W. Perreoult Assigned at Ft. Dix Fvt. Richard W. Perreault, 19,' son of Mr. and Mrs. Wilfred Perreault of 148 Liberty St., has seen assigned to R Co., 2nd Training Regiment at the U. S. Army, Training Center, Infantry, Ft. Dix, N. J., for his basic train- ng.'the Army said today. Perreault left June 28 to begin lis training after enlisting -for three years of service. After the completion of his eight weeks of aasic he will be given two weeks' eave, then is scheduled to report to Ft. Gordon, Ga., to receive ipecialized training for Military Police work, the service he chose when he signed up. Perreault was graduated in June from St. Joseph's High School, where he was active in youth work. 29 at Camp Stahom Campfire, Sleep-Out At Windsor Lake . Twenty-nine youngsters at the YMCA sponsored Camp Herbert 3. Clark took part in the camp- 'ire and sleet-out program at Windsor Lake Thursday night de- spile heavy rains in late afternoon. The program wound up the second two-week camp session during which the children learned camp crafts, took part in nature hikes, cookouts, boating and swimming instruction. Honor Campers Honor campers were Joan Mapes and Gregory Schwartz. Girls winning Braves Awards were Debbie Burns, Carol Mapes and Susan Crawford. Scout Awards went to Ellen Dilk, Joan Mapes and Amy Shapiro. In the boys activities Braves Awards went to Bruce Surgenor, Edward Smith, Alan Smith and Stuart Laverda. Scout Awards were presented to John Sweeney, Richard Taskin, Arthur Palmer and Gilbert Lewallen. Winners of the Warrior Awards were William Less, Gregory Schwartz, Howard Wineburg, Stephen Crippen, Robert Tierman, Robert Freedman, Edward Wilk, Paul Sweeney, Kenneth Glickman, Thomas G1 i c k m a n and Jeffrey Schwartz. Swimmer of the week was Joan Mapes. Other swimming honors went to Richard Reroches and Carol Mapes who won Minnow Awards. Fish Club Awards went to Ellen Dilk, Tom Glickman, Paul'Swee- ney, Stewart Lavenda, Kenneth Glickman and Deborah Burns. Winner of Flying Fish Awards were Bennet Rosenthal, Susan Crawford and Bob Freeman. Boating Award Bennel Rosenlhal, Mike McClny, Gilbert Lewallen, Sue Crawford, Steven Crippen and Joan Mapes won boating awards. The third and iinal camp session will open Monday. There are still openings for additional campers and reservations may be made as late as Monday morning by calling the YMCA office. Marriages Today Miss Jeannetle Dorolhy Richard, 54 Rand St., and Lawrence Joseph Renting, 19 Phelps Ave., at 10 a. in. in Noire Dame Church. Miss Barbara Jean Sanders 75 Simonds Rd., Williamslown, and Russell W. Bullett Jr., 127 Ashton Ave., nt 10 a. m. In Holy Family Church. Miss Beverly Anne Dupuis o< Pittsfield, formerly of North Adams, and Thomas Willis Armstrong of Johnsburg, N. Y., at 10 a. m. in St. Charles Church, Pitlsfield. Miss Jenn Ellen Anderson of Providence, R. I., and Robert Arthur Georgini of Hartford, Conn., formerly of this city, at 10 a. m. In St. Augustine Church, Providence. Miss Marcla Agnes Lewis ol 489 Union St., and Carl Anthony Donega of 64 Richmond St., at 11 a. m. In St. Anthony Church. Details of the weddings will appear in Monday's Transcript. THE NORTH ADAMS TRANSCItirT bvt Sandaji aid hoBdiyi frem It* Transcript BolMlif, K Bank .SI., Norik Adams, M*s- sKhnsctls. Second clan pnt- •ge paid at North Adams, Mass. Klfht cents * eo»y, delivered by curler M celts • week. Man rale $1.71 • nedth.
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