Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 21, 1936 · Page 50
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 50

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, December 21, 1936
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE i AN A. W. LEB NSWSFAM* iMued Every Week Day by th» MASON CITT GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 131.123 Ktn StaU Street; Telephone No. 3800 T.F.E p. LOOMIS ----- Publisher W. EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - --City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager ' Entered u iecond-«l**s matter AprlJ 17, 1930. at th« post- oflice it Mijon City, Iow«, undu the act of March 3. 1879. MEMBER. ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is exclusively entitled to th« use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and all local news, MEMBER. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Molncs news and business olficcs ot 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake. Mason City and Clear Lake, by the year S7.00" by the week $ .15 OUTSIDE MASON CITT AND CLEAR LAKK Per year by carrier ... S7.00 By mail 6 months S2.25 Per week by carrier ... $ .15 By mall 3 months tl.25 Per year by mail $4.00 By mail 1 month X .50 ODTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year....»6.00 Six month. . J3.25 Three months... ,*1.75 Getting Straight on Texas M OST Americans are familiar with the heroic stand made, by pioneer Texans in the siege of the Alamo at San Antonio, and probably almost as many know of the decisive defeat administered to the 4,000 Mexicans and their general and president, the redoubtable Santa Anna, by General Sam Houston and 740 valiant followers near San Jacinto bay some six weeks later. In a majority of cases, however, this familiarity does not extend to more than a vague knowledge of causes, either underlying or direct, for the struggle between the Mexicans, the hardy colonists who settled the vast territory north and east of the Rio Grande. Similarly, this familiarity is found want- Ing on mention of the details of annexation of ths; Lone Star state by the United States. " Having taken it upon himself over a period of many years to challenge the oft-repeated statement by "this or that distinguished American writer to the effect that 'United States took Texas from Mexico,'" Peter Molyneaux, editor of The Texas Weekly, decided to clarify and delineate the background of his state in a work titled "The Romantic Story of the History of Texas." - This book off the presses a few weeks ago, takes Texas at the'time it was still a Spanish province, governed through Mexico, and brings it on and up through its struggle for independence and its subsequent efforts to achieve statehood in this United States. Moses Austin, native of Connecticut, and a Hollander named Baron de Bastrop. both inveterate pioneers, laid the foundation for the Texas of the future when they obtained permission on Jan. 17, 1321, from the Spanish governor to settle 300 families in.Texas. After Austin's death, which occurred only a few days afier he had begun organizing a group of colonists to move into the new territory, his eldest son, Stephen F. Austin, after whom the capital of the state is named, tool': charge of the colonization work. As a result of his insistent efforts, the province was soon thrown open to unrestricted colonization. By 1829, however, this movement had assumed such proportions that Mexico was growing suspicious and fretful concerning the imperialistic designs of the "Colossus of the North." Spain, meanwhile, was contemplating a formidable effort to reconquer Mexico. From this time on until 1835 the Texas situation was fraught with numerous interesting incidents, insignificant standing, alone, but important when a part of the fabric out of which'frontier day history was made in America. President Andrew Jackson had made overtures to the Mexican government through our minister there, proposing the sale of the province to the United States. The minister, one Butler, whose methods were awkward and clumsy at best, went about the negotiation in such a way that the suspicions of a government far more firmly established than that of Mexico would have been aroused. However, by the time the Texans revolted, Jackson no longer wanted to purchase the territory, and Van Buren, who followed Jackson in the president's office was strongly opposed to annexation, which became the Texans' consuming desire. The Texans went right ahead with their independent republic, sticking it out in the face of United States' indifference. And ail this time the abolitionists were guarding against a rumored p.'ot by slavery sympathizers to increase their strength in the senate by annexing another slave state. That annexation became not only an issue but the issue of 1844 was due, Mr. Molyneaux shows, to the clever politics-playing of President Tyler. The slated presidential candidates of the two parties, Clay and Van Buren, had arranged between themselves to keep the question out of politics, but Tyler forced it in, partly by message to congress as the campaign began and partly by running ior presi- cjtnt himself as an independent candidate. But the two-thirds rule kept the nomination from Van Buren; Polk was nominated, the first of the dark hbrse candidates, and after waiting long enough to make sure Polk was friendly to his views, Tyler withdrew. Still there was no chance of getting the necessary two-thirds vote in the senate to ratify an annexation treaty. ' So Tyler proposed, instead of a treaty, « joint resolution of the two houses, which rreeded only a majority vote. The house passed it on Jan. 25, 1845, the senate on Feb. 26, only six days before Folk's inauguration. The nightmare of the abolitionists is sufficiently exploded by the fact that there was no drawing of sectional lines; "the slave states were almost equally divided in the vote," says Mr. Molyneaux, and nearly the same proportion was found among the northerners. As for increasing the slave power in the senate, Texas's first two senators split, Houston opposing the Kansas-Nebraska bill to the very end, sn that the balance in the upper chamber remained where it was before. FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MARK BYERS 28 Million Motor Cars •pEGISTRATION of, motor vehicles in the United •f^ States will top an all-time high of 28,277,000 for 1936, actuaries of a large American insurance company have announced after a study of state reports. New Mexico has a gain of 16.06 per cent in car registrations for the lead of the list. Connecticut closely follows. There are now some 8 per cent more cars in this country than in 1935, and 6.5 per cent more motor vehicles than in any peak year. Gasoline consumption in America for this motor car year will reach the staggering total of 13.5 billion gallons, an increase of 11 per cent from previous records. One in every 4.4 units of population in the United States owns a. t»r or truck, these figures telL No other country can find half as many cars ifi proportion. The census of motor cars reveals the wide distribution of wealth in America, when there Is « car from nearly every other family in the country- " It's about timfi for Hugh Johnson to tear loose the adminiivr/ition «gain. AMERICA GETS FIRST-HAND EVIDENCE OF WAR DANGERS ''pHERE -is probably no reason to be disturbed by -*• the fact that a Spanish rebel warship fired a shot at the American gunboat Erie near Barcelona The shot was not repeated when the Yankee vesse! ran up the 'American flag, and the Spanish warship left the harbor, according to reports. It was doubtless just one of those mistakes that occur in a war zone. Perhaps it is a good thing that this, the firsl gun fired so far as is known in the Spanish rebel effort to establish a blockade of Barcelona, happened to be pointed at an American vessel rather than a Russian or British ship. We are sufficiently removed from the crisis to be able to be- philosophical about such little accidents—provided they do not happen too often. But the British, who have had to be emphatic to the rebels and their German and Italian supporters, would have to dp something about it. Of such little accidents, against a background of warnings and threats, is war bred. And the highly charged background is present in the Spanish crisis. Yet there will probably be no further involvement of the great powers in Spain. By a miracle compounded of the reluctance of any power to start it, the failing offensive strength of the rebels, and the danger of Russo-Japanese hostilities in the Far East, the miniature European war in the Iberian peninsula does not spread. A few months ago one would have said that if Italy and, Germany sent munitions and troops to the rebels, and Russia openly aided the government in the same way, European war was inevitable. But all this has happened and the tension between the great powers remains in the stage of negotiation—painful and dangerous negotiation, but still short of ultimatums and mobilizations. It is the best hope of peace that nowhere in Europe is there the cockiness and chip-on-the- shoulder belligerence which was present in 1914. No doubt there are too many men and women still living who know what war is like. In 1914 the last continental war was nearly a half century in the background, and then it had been a short, _ sharp campaign of field armies, without destruction of civilian life and property. The world was not then so frightened of war as now. And probably the frightfulness in Spain, the exhibition of the sample of modern war, has spoiled the market. So the slow and difficult efforts at negotiation and conciliation continue. If the situation can remain poised long enough on ihis point of perilous equilibrium, and if the nations continue as frightened of each other as they are, eventually there may be no war at all—or at least not until one nation or group of nations has reached a point of armament sufficient to give it a hope of decisive victory. * * * ROOSEVELT "GOOD NEIGHBOR" PROPOSAL GOING FORAVARD R. ROOSEVELT'S good neighbor policy is winning friends, and setting up at Buenos Aires that western grouping of nations which he sketched in nis speech opening the American peace congress. \ow "in its final stages, there is being developed at Buenos Aires a series of conventions for the volun- M tions. tavy maintenance of peace between American state, and for fixed neutrality in European quarrels. Taking warning from the failure of the Geneva .league, with its elaborate mechanism of obligations and. penalties, the new American system is entirely voluntary and consultative. There is no provision^ for coercion; the only duty accepted by the American republics is to refrain from interfering in any quarrel, and to consult together on means of stopping trouble when it starts. Such a plan does not look so effective on paper as the league of nations covenant. Actually it will probably work far better. The covenant has not worked at all except in coercing minor powers. It has been worse than useless against the strong na- It is gratifying to note that there is no objection raised in the'United States on the ground of surrender of North American superiority or "sovereignty." To some extent there is a certain element of this sort of surrender in the new plan. We propose, for example, to give up the "right" to land marines in a Latin republic that grows obstreperous, unless the other Latin nations agree it should be done. But in place of it we gain the increased confidence of our neighbors, and their probable support for our policies. After all. North American leadership is no leadership at all if it rests on a threat of force; but it may be very real )f it is based upon confidence. In the very nature of things our strength guarantees us the dominant voice in the Pan-American councils. The small nations must look to us to guarantee the decisions they will take. We shall not be flouted in such circumstances. But we shall have loyal support that has often been lacking hitherto. And it is not to be overlooked that on the agenda of the Buenos Aires meeting is the establishment of an economic friendship between the American states which will re-open to us large markets now lost, and give us the privileges in those markets which European states have obtained by exclusive bargains. Mr. Hull's internationalism seems in a fair way to 'justify itself by the reviving of trade in the Americas, though our European trade is still greatly hampered by remaining restrictions abroad. * * * SITUATION' IN CHINA MAY HAVE A SPARK OF WAR IN IT ) OOR old China is again torn by internal convulsions, to the benefit of the hovering Japanese. The kidnaping of Chiang Kai Shek, generalissimo of the Nanking government, by Chang Hsueh Liang, son of the "old marshal," Chang' Tso-Lin, so long the dictator of Manchuria, has precipitated civil war deep in the interior. It now seems probable that Chiang was not murdered by his captor, and negotiations are proceeding for his release; but meanwhile the whole military strength of the Nanking government has been rushed to Shensi province, and the government says that Chang will be punished even at the expense of Chiang's life, if need be. Meantime Tokio has officially warned the Chinese ambassador that if Chiang's release is obtained by accepting the terms of his captor—particularly the demand that communism be recognized and communists be admitted to the Kuomintang, the ruling Chinese party—Japan will consider her interests affected, and will take steps. Just what lies behind all this no observer can tell. The Japanese of course say the Russians suborned Chang to kidnap, his superior. The Russians are equally vociferous in blaming the Japanese. Almost no one considers that Chang would have dared to abduct Chiang "off his own bat." It could easily be of either Russian or Japanese inspiration or even—such is the confusion of Chinese affairs —a little of both. Both nations are meddling in China to the top of their bent, and both have good reason to dislike Chiang ( ,who is a Chinese nationalist He has been bland 'but stubborn in his obstruction to Japa-flesfe aggression, astutely managing :o give little and permit the Japanese no excuse for war. And he has been quite as hostile to communist penetratiorf><}f China since the Hankow af- !air, when he broke* ; off with Moscow and sent Borodin packing after red advisers and munitions had helped the Kuomintang to full power in China. Sinee^then Chiang, with small revenues and only xagmentary authority, has been working to unify China and. build up a national spirit. He'has concentrated on roads and schools and as good an army as possible, with measurable success. So much success, in fact, "tfiaUthe Japanese would gladly be rid of him. Russians more friendly to China in' ; general, but less so to Chiang personally. It is all a very curious passage in history, In which the only certain prediction is that Japan will try to snatch some advantage from it DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott VIRTUALLY PROVED FISHES ARE STOKE DEAF COCK " WAS — ttE WEMT ROUNDS XJKE oF-TtfE HolY Kf KlWYtfc. IW EN<lA>4t>« "HAVE BEER YEARS (COPYRIGHT, 1936. CENTRAL PRtSS ASSOCIATION 11-21 DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. NAILS PARTS OF SKIN •>HE NAILS are regarded by comparative anaio- - mists as modified parts of the skin. Just as th. hair is, just as feathers and scales and claws and in some cases, horns are. Sometimes a horny warty growth will grow from the skin surface and be just as hare and tough as nails, so it is easj to see that the upper layer of the skin can be modified in this way. If you examine a section of a nail cut across, you see that i j does, indeed, rise directly from th skin itself, not from underneath the skin as it appears to on casual inspection. The groove from which the nail grows is simply a turnedin fold of the skin. At the bottom of the groove certain cells from the corium of the skin become modified, and are . CUndcninf known as the matrix, or mother 01 the nail. It is by continual division of the matrix cells that the nail grows forward. The white crescent at the base of the nail, the unula", is. simply due to lessened translucency at that part. Some people do not have lunulae. Theii presence or absence is of no significance to health although some people think if you have them on the ittle finger it means a rich husband. . The little white spots, known as gift spots, in the nails, are due to small collections of air in the nterior of the nail substance. The rate of growth of nails differs in different people, in different climates and in different sea- ns. The finger nails grow faster than the toe nails, and those on the right hand faster than those on the left. The average growth of a nail is 20% inches year. So we grow a little over 11 yards of nail a year all over our bodies. If the bone of an extremity, is broken, the nails of that limb grow less -apidly : than its mate—the toe or hand, as th;: case may be. The nails respond to disease elsewhere in the body—just as the eye lacks luster and the hair falls out in some diseases, so do the nails vary in their growth. When general disease affects the body, the blood supply to the nail matrix is lessened, and the nutrition of the nail all across its growing edge is poor. Hence a transverse ridge indicating where the thinner nail occurs appears. These ridges were first described by Beau in 1870, and are known as "Beau's lines." They have even been observed after an attack of. seasickness. The Sherlock Holmes of the sick room sometimes astonishes his patient by saying before a question is asked: "I see you had a severe illness about two weeks ago." He has simply observed Beau's lines and. calculated the growth of the nail. Elementary, my dear Watson. ALL OF US By MARSHALL MASLIN **»»«». I F I EVER have a lot of time and nothing to do, I'm going to make a hobby of making furniture. . . . Won't that be just dandy for the family? . . . One of my-major failures'as a father w-as that windy day when I made a very handsome kite—and it wouldn't get up in the air. . . . The only movie that ever brought tears to my eyes was "All Quiet on the Western Front." I know a young girl who says: "The only use I can see for studying algebra is that when you are grown up and have children of your own, you can help them with their home work." . . . The other day I was driving behind a young woman and she hand-signaled that, she was turning right and'then turned left. . . . There was a jam, and for once 1 was a perfect gentleman. I didn't do-a thing but put on the brakes and wait 'till she got out of the way. . . . But she gave me a very dirty, proud look. ... I guess she knew I wasn't as much of a gentleman as I pretended. H you shove me I'll shove back, , . .1 used.to live down by the railroad track.... I'll admit I prefer professionals to amateurs. . . . Amateurs should receive a helping hand, or how will they ever become professionals; but for entertainment I'll take the professionals. If I come into your house and see a picture hanging crookedly I'll side over that way and straighten it.... Just a fussy old man who wants his pictures straight, r . I went 'to a. football game and it was dull and disappointing—and I swore I would'nt go to another football game this season. . . ; Did I keep that resolve? Don't be silly; of course I didn't. L: V-ONE MINUTE PULPIT—H the : spirit of the ruler rise upiagainst thee, leave not thy place; -for . yielding paciiieth great ottenses.—Ecclesi- astes,10:4. EARLIER DAYS FKOM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES ter. Thirty Years Ago— Helen Fitch, a student at the University of Wisconsin, -Madison, Wis., is home for the holidays. _ Harry F. Lee left last night for Portland, Ore., where he plans to spend the holidays with his sis- r. Mrs. M. E. Davey left today for Berlin, Wis., to spend the holidays. Mr. and Mrs. James Johnson left yesterday for Kansas City where they will make a holiday visit with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. O. G. Balmat left yesterday for a holiday visit with relatives at Madison, Wis. Aaron "Fatty" Seidle, who was a star player on the state university football team, is home for the holidays. W.' H. Turner and his mother left today for Algona where they will spend Christmas with relatives. OBSERVING Twenty Years Ago— Francis Smith and Mrs. John Stock of Manly visited in the city yesterday. Bernice Manning, who is attending school at Sinsinawa Mound, returned home yesterday for the holiday vacation. Earl Welch of Salt Lake City, Utah, is visiting relatives in the cities over the holidays. Anita Dunn, teacher of music in the public schools at St. Paul, arrived in the city today to spend the holidays at her home. WASHINGTON—President Wilson today made a plea to the warring nations to discuss peace terms. NORA SPRINGS—The First State bank of Nora Springs this noon was robbed of $1,000 by a lone bandit armed with a revolver. The thermometer registered 21 below today. Ten Years Ago— Alta Jean Monsen left today for a holiday visit with her parents at Cresco. E. E. Ocken left today for Parkersburg where he will oversee the installation of a power grinder in one of the elevators there. E. S. Tollefson, student at the Lutheran seminary at St. Paul, returned today to his home at Ostrander, Minn., following a visit with relatives in the city. TOKIO—Emperor Yoshihito of Japan died of pneumonia at his villa at Hayama. Crown Prince Hirohito, who has been regent since November of 1921, succeeds to the throne, becoming Japan's emperor. Lucile Long, who is teaching in the public schools of Huron, S. Dak., is home for the holi- davs. wlr. and Mrs. L. J. Doctor of Oelwein arrived last night to spend the holidays with relatives. Some "Dos" and "Don'ts" About Christmas Cards ^hope these T'dos" and £ "don'ts" from the Greeting Card Publishers' association—which ougnt to be a final authority on the subject—will be helpful to those who have not yet issued their Christmas cards: Don't send your employer's Christmas card to his home unless you are acquainted with his wife, too. Send it to the office. Don't omit persons in mourning from your list, but select cards expressing the deeper significance of the holiday. Don't prefix your signature with Mr., Mrs., or Miss. Don't omit your return address from the envelope flap. Do address envelopes by hand, in ink. If the envelope is red the postoffice department wishes you would write with white or green ink. Do. if you are a married business woman using your maiden name at the office, sign >~our maiden name beneath the joint signature of your husband and yourself. • Do, if you and your husband send cards jointly to other than relatives or intimate friends, use Mr. and Mrs. on engraved cards. Do use your nickname, if y<ju wish, on cards to relatives and intimate friends. Do place the husband's name first for engraved or printed cards, the wife's name first for handwritten. Delicious Humor in an Unexpected Place am surprised by some of the places in which humor is found. For example, there's the recent case in Kansas City in which- a stranger entered the restaurant of one Mrs. Mabel Morrissey and called out: "It's a holdup." "But I have no money," Mrs. Morrissey snapped back. Not • entirely persuaded, the stickup man peered in the cash drawer. "That makes us even," he drawled. "You ain't got no money and I ain't got no gun." And he stalked out of the restaurant. Wally Isn't England's Most Popular Woman had a hunch Mrs. Simpson wasn't, too popular in England these days. This hunch was borne out by a dispatch from London which told how urchins are roaming the street singing this parody of a beloved Christmas carol: "Hark the herald angels sing'" "Mrs. Simpson sneaked our king." Which Would You Take, 365 days or |365? "have just received from a £ friend," writes A. P., "a letter enclosing a check which reads: "The Holidays 1S36 THE BANK OF THE FRIENDS Pay to Order of 365 days Three Hundred and Sixty-five Days of Happiness Throughout the Year and Others to Come. W. F. MAIN "At first glance I laughed and I felt just a little disappointed but immediately an after thought came. "If it could be cashed. I would not hesitate a moment to trade $365 for a whole year of happiness. Would you?" . Traffic Court Fixer Called "Meanest Man" have heard in my day many a definition of "meanest man" but here's a thought-provoking view of the subject from a recent issue of American'Municipalities, published at Marshalltown: "The meanest grafters in all the world, and the ones who axe most directly responsible for the increasing murders by reckless motor drivers, are those responsible and respectable persons who, when arrested for a traffic violation, use all their business and political influence and prestige to have the charge dismissed by the police court "These same people expect the courts to be incorruptible and would feel less sure of their possessions and liberties if they believed .that the courts could be corrupted, and yet that is the very thing that they do, rather than pay a small fine and accepting the penalty of their law violation. They expect or rather insist on a corrupt court when they or any of their family are arrested, and they howl to high heaven if this same court- dismisses the charge against some person who might steal 50 cents or fail to make good on a check given for the purchase of goods. "These would be respectable and supposed to be law abiding citizens, who are insistent on an incorruptible court, whore a few cents of their money is concerned, are equally insistent on being able to corrupt the court when they or one of their family are arrested for violation of a motor law. These sanctimonious and hypocritical citizens are real grafters. "Instead of bragging about being able to fix a complaint and corrupt a police officer or a court in order to protect or shield a crazy driver, they should hang their heads in shame as corruptors of the judiciary and cheap penjny grafters." Answers to Questions By FKEUERIC ,T. HASKIN PLEASE NOTE—A reader cun set (he answer lo »HT question of f»et iy writinc the Mason City Globf-Gazelte's Jnfornutlon Bure»u, Frederic J. H»«k!n Director Wishlmrton. D. C. Please »nnd thre« (5) cents poit»»« f«r reply. TOMORROW By CLARK KINNADRD Notable Births—Joseph Djugashviili, known as Stalin, b. 1879, dictator of the "workers' " government in Russia, who was never a working man . . . Albert Payson Terhune, b. 1872, dog fancier and novelist. Dec. 21, 1620—Five days after the 160 ton May- tlower dropped anchor at the bleak spot that John Smith had named Plymouth 12 years before, some of the Pilgrims landed. Four months were to pass before all left the Mayflower, and even then some hung back until, the master of the ship* Christopher Jones, insisted they unload and give leave. The captain was not a Pilgrim nor devout. At he first sight of land, in November, the Pilgrims lad knelt down and offered up thanks. But the captain of the first ship to cross the wide Atlantic alone, had the idea: "Yes, God is above—but I sail the ship." Dec.. 21, 1935—For the second time it could be recorded in medical history that "Siamese" twins lad been separated surgically successfully. Dr. D. W. McLaren of the Colonial Medical service in Nigeria (Africa) cut apart five month old girls oined at the abdomen. Selda and Elda Alsenben, born near Glencoe, Hinn., 10 years ago, were the first to be successfully separated. They likewise were joined at the abdomen. Dec. 21, 1790—The first textile factory in Arner- ca was established in RJiode Island, by Samuel Slater, an Englishman who had to leave that coun- ry in disguise because of a law prohibiting any machinery or mechanics from leaving. Dec. 21, 1874—Edward P. We^ton began a 300 mile walk against time at .Newark, N. J., which he :ompleted in five days, 23 hoursi 34 minutes. Dec. 21, 1879—Edison's invention of an electric amp wai announced. What does the New York World's Fair of 1939 commemorate? F. G. The 150th anniversary of George. Washington's first inauguration. The fair will open on April 30, the anniversary date. Are playing- cards made so blind persons can use them? M. G- Braille playing cards are available. Did the United States ever consider the purchase of Cuba? M. B. As early as 1848 diplomatic negotiations with this objective were instituted. Was Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette the first newspaper published in Philadelphia? E. B. . The American Weekly Mercury. 1719, was the first newspaper in Philadelphia. The Pennsylvania Gazette was established in 1729. What, is ore dressing? F. R. Ore as taken from the mines is usually contaminated with various impurities of no value. Mechanical methods of concentrating the valuable minerals and of separating one ore from another, as zinc sulphide from lead sulphide, are known as ore dressing. Ors is usually discharged upon, bar screens calle,d grizzlies, where large lumps of impurities can be rejected by hand. The remainder passes through various mechanical processes. Were strawberries ever used as a dentrifice? C. W. The following information is taken from a book of prescriptions published more than 100 years ago: The common strawberry is a natural dentrifice and its juice without any previous preparation whatever dissolves the tartareou's encrustation on the teeth and makes the breath sweet and agreeable, How lonp havi> DIP Beaux Arts halls been given in New York? F. M. The custom of having the balls was initiated in 1914. At what ace do people do most buying? T. T. Between IS and 35. This is the time of accumulation. Young people have married and are acquir- ine material possessions. What city In the south has the most telephones? E. M. Atlanta. Ga., 72.000. What is ih^ largest selling article of a mail order house? W. H. The largest single item is shoes. Automobile tires and bicycles run a close second. When were needles first made? F. B. Stone needier, have been found amone relics of the stone a£e. It is believed t!i»l the Chinese were the first to u:->e steel needles and that, knowjydge of -this practice s' 'carriec into Europe by the i Moors. By 1370 a needle maHng industry had become established at Nuremberg. The manufacture of needles in England began much later. It developed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and became an important industry. When did Theda Bara play In the motion picture production of "Camille?" J. G. •"Camille" was produced five times in silent pictures. Theda Bars played the role in 1917. How wide is the River Marne at Chateau-Thierry, where the Second Battle of the Btarne was foiwht? T. G. Varies from 30 to 60 yards, How was Boston named? M. F. After Boston, England, whose name is a corruption of Botolph's Town, Saint Botolph's. having founded an abbey there. How many deer in U. S.? H. G. Gnme commissioners say 2,000.000. When were lookinr-flasses brought to this country? B. C. First record is in an inventory in Maryland in 1639. They were rare even in England at this time. NEW TESTAMENT An old-fashioned revival might be the best thing that could hap- pea to the people of this »uffer- ing world. The lust for power is s-yeeping the earth like a scourge. We see territories as vast as continents taken by force, and whole populations regimented into bondage. The gentle Nazarene made,some pertinent observations about freedom, justice, taxes, wages, laborers, capitalists, classes and masses —precepts that are as pat today as 2,000 years ago. You can have a copy of the New Testament with the sayings of the Savior printed in red if you send in your name with 20 cents to cover cost'and mailing. A right Christmas gift for anyone—just the thing for Sunday school classes. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazett* Information bureau, Frederic J. Haksin, director, Washington. D. C. I inclose 20 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the "New Testament." • Name Street City . Slate (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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