World-Wide New* Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press VOLUME -NUMBER 4 Hope Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy, warmer Wednesday night; Thursday par- tlly cloudy, warmer in east and south portions. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY 'U LINER AND FREIGHTER Beardens Cleared in Embezzlement Case .Instructed Verdict Ordered by Judge Bush In Joint Case Former Sheriff and Son Cleared of Alleged $1,374 Shortage CIVIL CASE DROPPED Prosecutor Asks for Dismissal of Case Against Collector's Bondsmen Circuit Judg!' Dexter Bush late Tuesday afternoon ordered instructed verdicts of acquittal in the em- he//.lcinenl trials of Janie.s I 1 '. Uear- den. former He.nipstead county sheriff * and J. H. Bearden, former chief field deputy. They were jointly chained with etn- lie/.'/.bng and "converting to their own use and benefit" the .sum of SI,37-1 of county tax money. This alleged shortage wa.s paid about the first of October to the state comptroller's office ut Little Hock. Civil Case Dismissed A civil action case, .seeking col of personal deliiup^ienl tuxes—phi-' mileage. Tlit 1 second witness wa.s Aubrey McCaslin. an annuitant in tlie .state iiiclilorial department. He was on the .liind only briefly nnd told of help- njj Mr. Unwell with the audit of the .-ollector's office. Me said tliiit he ami Mr. Uuwell agreed on the findings of hi: audit. I.c\v?s Testifies W. A Lewis, chief deplu.v lax collector under Sheriff Bcimien. wa.s the third witness, lie said that Jim ml Reginald cBardcn failed to turn over money to him collected from delinquent personal taxes in December of 1!W8. He told of .several instances of pay- inn notes at the Cili/.ens Bank for Jim Bearden. He said Dial about October 1 of this year that he and S. S. Stuait obliged themselves to pay about $500 to the stall-' comptroller's office to keep the bondsmen from having to pay off the alleged shortage. Under cr-.isy-examination by At- Sen. Holt Charges F. D. Has Pledged U.S. to the Allies "To Help Britain, France, Is Only Reason We Are in Session" A STOCKHOLM NOTE Roost-volt Sends Sympathy to the Scandinavian Neutral Group WASHINGTON' i/l'i ..... Senator Holt We.st Virginia Democrat, cn-aigecl the senat Wednesday that President Roosevelt had pledged this country to aid England and France in an "attempt to Mop the dictators by force." "The only reason we are in session ---and there is no use try-inn to fool the people— is to help England and Franco to heat Germany." Holt .shouted. Air Compressor Tank Explodes- Shoots Skyward An air compressor .storage Innk in the garage of Frank Walters blew up .shortly after noon Wednesday, tore through the roof and hurtled some 100 feet in the air before coming down on the opposite side of the building. Fortunately no one was hurt in this unusual accident, although Mr Walters and Leo Campion were slant ing within 10 feel of Ihe tanks when it exploded. Neither .sustained .scratch. The tank .shot straight up .arinj weighing nearly 200 pounds, create! such a vaccum that nn automobili nearby wa.s lifted about four feet ir the air. All the windows of the gurage wcr broken, the .auction pulling them inside The Road Away From War: U.S. Ships Involved Us in Last One torney Carriyan, Mr. Lewis denied that j the Citixcn.s Bank Virtually super- Message to Scandinavia WASHINGTON —oVi— President vised the affairs of the collector's of- j Hoosevclt advised King Gustav Fifth fiee. He admitted that Jim Bearden ! n.f Sweden that 'thi.s government" had nothing U> do with the .super-| joins with the governments of other vision of Ihe collector's office. j American republics ill expressing its i'till tinder cross examination, be .support of ihr principles of neutrality admitted that when the audit of the : ,nd order under law for which the collector's office was made that it nations represented to the Stockholm wa.s taken lo Little Hock without a con. conference have, throughout their his- Millation with Jim Bearden as to any t,, rv |-,ken a ct-nsistent .stand.'' the building. The tank shot straight uu, tenrin a hole in the roof three or four fee wide. Mr. Walters said he ran out side the building and saw the tan some 100 feet in the air. It fell to the ground on the opposit side of the building. Mr, Walters was unable to say jus what caused the explosion—other tha possibly an over-supply of air in th tank. The tank's capacity is 300 pounc Damage was restricted to the roo windows of the garage and to tl lank it-sclf. alleged .shortage. " Mr. Lewis said that in past years that it was his understanding that uld first inform Ihe .sheriff kings of three and collector if any shortage existed —before reporting lo Little Rock. He I said that in past years this was cus- l Mr. Lewis also admitted from the witness stand that J. Bryan Simms. chief of the state auditorial depart- men. threatened to have ,Tim Bearden remciveti iroin office a'lui' he (Lewis) apoinled as Bcarden's successor. Stuart on Stand C. C. Stuart, clcptuy collector wider lection of SI.374 from the collector'.' bondsmen, was dismissed on molioi of Prosecuting Attorney Dick Huic The dismissal action relieved bond men O. A. Graves, II. i\l. LaGrone, Sr'. U. M. Briaiil and J. D. Barlow. Acquittals Ordered j toniary awl a courtesy to inform loca In his instructions to the jury. Judge I offieial.s-if a shortage existed. Bush said Ihe evidence in both cases tailed lo .show that the defendants "converted to their own use and benefit" money colectcd from taxes j^ was charged in 'the joint indictment. "Gentlemen of the jury this is a i very unusual case because the evidence shows thiil James E. Bearden wa.s elected sheriff of the county but by a previous agreement was not to handle the collector's office. "The evidence .shows that he had no control over the collection of money. "Ho i.s charged with embcw.lement which means to convict him by law it must be shown beyond a reasonable doubt that lie first received money in t .i lawful manner -and then unlawfully feloniously and wiUi wilful intent, UK'd and converted that money in a way to chest the rightful owner. 'Evidence in thi.s case fails to .show dial. "In regard to ,). lieginald Rearden, Ihe evidence .shuw.s that be wa.s not a deputy tax collector, but wa.s a deputy sheriff. There i.s no competent evidence that be converted any of the alleged Sl.iJi-1 shortage to his own use and benefit, will ihe wilful ami felon- ii-us intent to cheat the rightful own- . -I Northern Nations STOCKHOLM. Sweden --i/l'i- Ihe 38 Dead, 33 Lost in a Jap Typhoon Scandinavian states j Storm Sweeps Southern Tip of Japanese Island of Kyushu (Continued on Page Four) $15,000 Livestock Sale Here Tuesday More Thau 100 Buyers Attend Auction Sale From Six States and the president of Finland opened their conference Wednesday on the problems which face northern neutral countries a- a result of the Kuropean war. The visiting head of state were welcomed in ceremonies devoid of military display. The question facing the kings of Sweden, Nbrway and Denmark is how to preserve the neutrality of their tuitions while maintaining normal trade relations. 5 Killed in Blast in Powder Plant Explosion Shatters Nat 1 ' Powder Co. Plant at Eld red, Pa. ELDHKD, Pa. -i/l')-- An Explosioi Wednesday shattered the explosive mi> ing plant of the National Powde company, killing at least five men "The evidence shows that Jim Bearden did collect SOUR- money -a much .•m.iller amount than did Keginald liearnen but under the law both are pic^imiw! to lie innocent unless proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. "'Ihe evidence also shows that the lull amount due the county has been paid. Evidence .shows that some S701) d this SI..'17-1 wa.s pair! ihrough the collector's office. "No testimony ba.s been presented that cither of the defendants used any of the alleged .shortage with the willnl and felonious intent to cheat the iightful owner. "The evidence must point to t;uill heynno! a reasonable doubt -and no evidence lias been presented to show lliat • therefore 1 am ordering an in- Mrueled verdicc of accplital in both case.s." the judge concluded. Irregular Receipts Prosecuting Attorney Dick lluie based bis evidence on a number of irregular tax forms which he alleged * were used by the defendants for payment of delinquent personal taxes. 1 iandu't iling on some of tfje.se receipts were idenlificd by \V. A. Lewis and C. C. Stuart, former office deputies of Sheriff Bearden, as that of liear- tlen and Ins son Reginald. Defense Attorney Steve C'arrigan and John P. Ycscy contended that the alleged sho'i (age never wa.s reported lo Jim Ijeardeii. but that as soon as an aduil was made Ihe mid it was rushed lo Lille Hock where a poli- \ tical story broke in the newspapers soon aftei wards. llowell on Stand Homer llowell, accountant of th : tale comptroller's office who made the audit of the collector's office w>is the only witness on the Mane Tuesday morning. He told of tin legcd shortage and under cross-examination admitted in court that Jin I'eanlen wa.s never consulted a.s li the aliened shui lage—bul thai. ll» i Lulled to Little Hock where a pnli- tf con,|i|o1ed, and reported lu the Mull, comptroller's office. llowell was recalled to the stunc Tuesday afternoon and defense attorneys brought from him the state inenl thai Jim Bearden, under law was entitled to S1.5U each collectioi Siitlon & Collier broke all records U their livestock auction sale Tues- .lay of this week, with total receipts of' SM.9K7.rvt for 077 cattle and '-iliS hogs sold. Cattle prices were firm at 5'.ic to (i li-le a pound for steers and 7'-jc to X'-,c for veal calves. Hogs were j strong at f.c to ti'-c a pound. j l!lil1 ;UI ' burned south to meet the More than lilt) buyers from .six .slat-[ Belgian ami British rroops .svnl to re- attended the sale, which was the ] lieve the Antwerp forces. The Allies the history of the local! retire before the advancing Gei'man I right wing toward Nieuport and Ypivs. October S. HIM; Antwerp falls am i.s occupied by the Germans on tlj- •following day. The .surrender of tin city releases two German army eorp TOKYO, Japan —W)—Newspaper lispalchcs from Kngoshima reported Wednesday 38 persons were dend, 33 nissing and scores injured in a typhobn which swept Ihe southern tip.of. the Japanese island of Ky'ushu. v ; Thousands of homes were destroyed and hundreds of small fishing routs missing. Landslides disrupted communications. CRANIUM CRACKERS es largest fiim. Names in War News In each of the following groups of names identified with the new war in Europe, there is one that does not belong. Find the incongruous name and tell why. Baltic, Vistula, Mediterranean, 'Black, North. 2. Athenia, Clement, Carl Frilzcn, Bosnia, Olivcgrovc. 3, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Denmark, Latvia. •1. Brest-Litovsk Pu/.nan, Loci/., Cracow, Warsaw. 5. Kirke. Keitel, Newell, Ironside. Gort. Answers on 1'agc Two Veither Faction in War Observed Our Rights on High Sea Virtually Impossible for Neutral to Carry on Normal Trade COTTON PRESSURE? Cotton Farmers Demanded Sea Transport in 1914 —It Led to War By WILLIS TIIORTON NEA Service Stuff Correspondent The United Estates sailed into the World War in 1917 on its merchant .ships. That is why today's debate on what U. S. merchant ships should and should not be allowed to do is vital. To say that shipping brought the United States into the World War is too simple. Other things helped— the munitions trade, European propaganda, financial involvements, natural sympathies. But out of the effort to insist on certain right to a "free sea," in spite of war- conditions came the incidents that, led directly to the break with Germany. England declared war Aug 4. 1914. On Aug. G the first contraband list came to the United States— a list of articles which England proposed to seize if sent to her enemies. That had always been the custom in regard to arms and to food and other .supplies "useful to and destined for" enemy fighting forces. In 1909, there had been negotiated the -^Declaration of Lonaon?' This "attempted to put down the rules as to wTiat neutral countries could do and not do, could ship and not ship, and what countries at war could legally do about blockades, searches, and the like. The United States tried to get all the countries at war to subscribe to these definite rules. But Britain refused. She had never formally ratified the Declaration, and when the World War began Britain immediately threw it overboard. By October, 1914, the United States gave up any attempt to get tl^se rules adhered to, and fell back on vague and contradictory precedents known as 'international law." That is where the U. S. stands today, except for a specific embargo by statute on export of arms. Outbreak of war wrecked United States trade instantly. The 1914 cotton crop brought a loss of $250,000,000 even before cotton was declared contraband. Pressure from cotton farmer to guarantee to American ships the right to carry cotton to all buyers was immediate. The same pres- 300 From Vessels Sunk by Germans British Craft Lost 500 Miles Off the Coast of France FETE U-BOAT CHIEF Prien Decorated for Torpedoing Battleship Royal Oak An officer of the British contraband control boards at sea a steamer later found to be carrying contraband bound for Germany. Such •cargoes are taken to a British port and are seized. ' Hope, Nashville to Renew Rivalry Bobcats and -Scrappers to. Meet In Annual Game Friday A gridiron rivalry that dates back sure gradually wu.s felt from all ot- (Continued on Page Six) Russia Seeks Dardanelles to Cinch Balkan Domination Russia wants free passage to Soviet warships, with Straits closed to Allies Allies in Black Sea could check Soviet advance in Balkans, holt Nazi-Red trade [ISTANBUL! Sea of Marmara GREECE S"" of fortifications SAMOTHRACE (Greek) Turks beat back Allies on heights Aug. 9-21, 1915 Atlantic \ Ocean Allies want Straits open as trade route, as war channel for potential back door attack on Germany Turks rcfortify Straits in 1936 with 16-inch guns mines, torpedo-tubes DARDANELLES NJ §pSi1& v ""f^% A)i,4',sx£> P ,^~~'i'/vv---«s*- x >- ; Mediterranean Sea nany years be renewed here •Yiday night when Hope and Nashville teams meet at Hammons --sta- lium at 8 p. m. Tho Nashville team has been dc- 'eatcd twice this season, by Camden and last week by Prcscott, G to 0. The record of the Scrapper's other tamos was not available here Wcdncs- Turkey Goes Over to Britain's Side The Scrappers arc reported to be light this year and Coach ':Bo" Sherman may give his team orders to lake to the air early in an effort to get past Hope's 195-pound line. The Bobcats were bombarded last week- by the pass-pitching Jonesboro squadron and may expect plenty o aerials this Friday night from Coach Sherman's team. Coach Foy Hammons sent his team through secret practice sessions Mon- dav and Tuesday and planned pass defense formations for Wednesday afternoon and Thursday. Hammons also reported that he had given the Bobcats several pass plays which may be brought into use—-if nccp.ss'ao . Three members of the starling lineup are injured. They arc Bill Tom liuncly, regular center, who was removed from the Jonesboro game with a g;Wi above Ihe eye. It is not likely that Bundy will see action against Nashville. The two other players nursing injuries are Jimmy Daniel.s, quarterback, who has a knee injury and David i Sonny) Coleiiian, halfback, who lias a foot injury. Bobby Ellen, halfback, will probably be used at' the center position, alternating with Willam Taylor. Jimmy Simms and Sonny Murphy are likely to .start in the backfiekl. Both arc substitutes. Turks A ,b a n-ck>.-R-rSoviet Talk—Threatened Their Security ISTANBUL, Turkey — (#)— Prime Minister Refik Saydam, in an .official statement Tuesday said, Ihe negolialions with Soviet Russia had failed because the Soviei demands were contrary to Turkish security. It was reported reliably that definite agreements wilh Britain will be signed in Ankara Ihis week, probably Thursday or Friday. The comunique said the prime minister, in a statemcnl lo a parliamentary group of the Republican Peoples party, declared the Soviei government had suggested to Turkey proposals entirely different from those agreed upon. The prime minister said the Soviet demands were incompatible with the Turkish policy regarding the Dardanelles, proved incompatible with Turkey's engagements which Ihe Soviei government knew had been assumed toward Britain and France, were con- traiy to Turkish security and the guarantees offered did not compensate for the obligations which Turkey was asked to undertake. He said although it had been im- NEW YORK H/P)— The U. S. Maritime Commission said Wednesday 300 survivors had been rescued by the American liner Independence Hall from British ships—the liner Yorkshire and the freighter City of Maria- dalay-i-sunk about 500 miles off the French coast. The American ship is proceeding to Bordeaux to unload, the survivors. Meanwhile, two U. S. coast guard. cutlers sped to the aid of two other ships in he Atlanic, the liner Presi- dcn Harding and he British steamer Blairbeg. The Harding reported many aboard had been hurt, 10 seriuosly, by heavy- weather. The Blairbeg reported she had lost; tier rudder chains. British Optimistic LONDON, Eng.—0<P)—Great Britain has made a, "good beginning" in the war against Germany, Prime Minister Chamberlain told the House of Commons Wednesday in a speech minimizing British losses. He asserted Germany had lost more than a fourth of the planes which raided the British isles. Paying tribute to air defenses, Cham- beralin said eight German planes were brought down, in battles "fought over our coasts" without the loss of a single British plane. He 1 , addej} th.ajt $evtypl jnom G*r-t man bombprs might Have failed to reach home. possible time to conclude an agreement with Soviei, Russia, relations between the two countries wore .still friendly. The communique was issued from Ankara, the Turkish capital. Following its issuance the cabinet met. with President Inonu presiding and with the president of the National Assembly, Abdul Halik cRnda, and the chief of the General Staff, Field Marshal E'ecx.i Tchakmak. present. Definite terms of the Turkish- British pact were not announced. furkc- has signed a pact with France jroviding for mutual assistance in event of war in the Mediterranean. A similar agreement with Britain has lot yet been signed. Dardanelles situation grows tense as Turkey reinforces fortifications fol liiwing refusal of Uussian demands for Balkan control. Turkey determined to keep agrt cment In sij;ii mutual uiil pad \\ith Britain and !•' raiue. already initialed by the three powers. rc|Mirted A Good Job For the Cub Reporter WAYNESUORG. Va. — i/1'j ,— The News-Virginian lias been proud of its window museum, where strange, unusual or freakish objects brought in ay subscribers are exhibited. An identifying card was 'printed for each exhibit, and everything went well until a wag contributed a Mexican jumping bean. 'Since then." the bewildered editor announced, "it lias been necessary to have someone constantly watching the bean so (he descriptive card can be moved u.s it jumps. The bean simply won't stay put and it is too little to tic to the card. It hops around like popcorn. How can we keep card ajid bean together?" Ouachita Presbytery to Hold Meeting Here The Ouchita Presbytery, at its recent fall meeting in DcQucen and attended by the Rev. Thomas Brews- tcr, voted to hold the spring meeting in Hope. The meeting will be hole during April. The ReV R. D. Nolen of Fresco tt erator. will be the retiring mod- Georgia Is Given Convict by Texas uallo g 1 y E'x t r a d i t i o n Granted by Texas Governor O'Daniel U-Boal Chief Honored BERLIN, Germany — (ff>)— Cheered by enthusastic crowds despite the rain, Commander Prien and the crew of the submarine credited with, sinking (he British battleship Royal Oak paraded Wednesday from Templ'ehof ~ airdrome via Wilhelmstrasse to Adolf Hitler's chancellery in nine open cars. Hitler had placed his personal plane "Grenzmark" at the disposal of the crew to bring them from their unnamed port to capital for a round of entertainment. Their arrival 'coincided with a high ' command announcement that the French are continuing to retreat from German soil, and that 10 enemy planes have been shot down in the last Iwo days. Hiler entered the crew ar dinner and awarded Commander Prien" the highest honor of the iron cross, and gave the crew simple iron crosses. BASEL, Switzerland — (&)— Military observers here expressed the belief Tuesday that the current German attacks on the Western front are only feints in preparation, for a large drive against the Wissembourg-Lauterbourg- Rhinc triangle at the middle of the French-German fonitier. This sector is' where the frontier cuts westward away from the Rhino. For the third successive day and night the Germans continued a concentration of Iroops and offensive material at Karlsruhe and other points around the strategic Lalurebourgh sector. German infantry allacks on Ihe northwestern end of the front near the Moselle river and east of the Saar in no way affected the concentration movement, according to advices receiv- 1 here. This concentration was on the western slope of the Vosges mountains, Che French have been quietly watch- ng the movement with their own reinforcements. By the Associated Press Germany's lightning warfare on the sea made its effects felt Tuesday as survivors of week-end raids began anding. Sinking of the French line freighter AUSTIN. Texas —i/iv~ Extradition of Richard Gray Gallogly to Georgia was granted Wednesday by Governor O'Daniel. Gallojjly escaped from guards who were transferring him to prison from hospital. He wa.s under life sentence. He surrendered himself at Dallas saying he wanted "Texas justice." Negro Church Meeting Is Opened On Tuesday The 71st annual session of the southwest District Baptist Association convened at the negro Lonoke Baptist church Tuesday and will continue through Sunday. Tlic 52nd annual session of the woman's auxiliary of the association also convened. The Rev. A. J. Jackson it. moderator. (Continued on Page Four) He's Sure of Himself VANCOUVER, Wash. — (/Pi— Roland ' C. jCasad of Covina, Calif., is so certain he has a sound national recovery ilan that he's hitch-hiking across the nation to expostulate it to the public. He'll begin thumbing his way east as soon i as he finishes a Pacific coast campaign. Basically, his plan calls for retirement of all government bonds and installation of a system of depreciating currency, plus the payment of $200 a month until death to all persons over 50 years of age. Cotton NEW YORK—(AV-Oeceniber cotton opened Wednesday at 8.99 and closed at 8.94-95. Spot middling 9.22 nominal.
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,900+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month