SIX 'THE NORTH ADAMS. MASSACHUSETTS, TRANSCRIPT MONDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 29, 1963 'Cmwcript Founded 1843 Pubiithed By The Truntcript Publishing Aiiocialion A lUuitachuieltt Trutt Trustees: J*mtl A, Hftrdmln, Jr. r Rebtri H*rdm«A, Edward N. G*d»by Editor, Jamet A. Hardman, Jr. Businiii Manager, Robert Hardman Managing Editor, Philip A. L«» UdUorial ~" Quoddy ' ' Revisited President. Kennedy's revival of the Passamaquoddy Bay tidal power scheme may bo one manifestation of his sense of history. Voices from the past rise to support a project that would generate electric power from the 18-foot tides of the bay, on the U.S.-Canadian border. Yet even a nostalgic Congress will take a lot of convincing before it embarks on a novel undertaking that would cost more than §1 billion spread over 15 years. Interior Secretary Udall brought the proposal alive on July 15 when he reported to the President that, based on new studies, the 'Quoddy project would be "economically feasible." A day later Kennedy ordered the State Department to start negotiating with Canada. He declared: "This can be one of the most astonishing and beneficial joint' enterprises that the people of the United States have ever undertaken." Dexter P. Cooper, an American engineer, is credited with first proposing, in 19ft), a plan to harness the 'Quoddy tides, employing private capital. But it was not until President Franklin D. Roosevelt watched the powerful tides from his summer home on Campobello Island that anything was done. In 1935, using §7 million of relief funds, he erected a village for future 'Quoddy construction workers at the western end of the Maine peninsula. Congress nipped the project by refusing to vote more funds. Yet Roosevelt publicly predicted July 29, 1936, that his §37 million Passamaquoddy project eventually would be completed. And Dexter Cooper refused to abandon his vision, telling friends before his death, " 'Quoddy is going to be built someday and it must be built." Hope dimmed though when, in 1941, the Federal Power Commission reported adversely on the project and again, a full 20 years later, when an International Joint Commission representing the United States and Canada took like action on a $700 million scheme. The Republican Congressional Committee now charges that 'Quoddy is a "billion-dollar boondoggle," revived by the Kennedy administration primarily to help Sen. Edmund S. Muslde (D Maine) get re-elected. Like the English Channel tunnel, the 'Quoddy project seems likely to remain only a brave dream. It seems doubtful that benefits equal to the billion-dollar cost can be demonstrated. He Owed It All to Lizzie Henry Ford, one of history's most eccentric tycoons and one of the world's few billionaires, was born just 100 years ago tomorrow, in a farmhouse in what is now Dearborn, Mich. Ford got his real start in June 1903, when ]2 investors put up 528,000 in cash to form an automobile company. The Model T car, the foundation of his fortune, came out in 1908. It is fabled in story and song. Called the "Tin Lizzie," it was once described as "skyscraper high, hideously ugly, funereally drab, and whether on a city street or in a farmer's barn it looked somehow pathetic." But in its simplicity of design, the Model was a maker's and buyer's delight. Light in weight, simple in construction, it was easy to repair, and spare parts were soon for sale in every dime store in the land. Henry made 15 million Model T's from 1908 to 1927 at a rate of 1.6 a minute. When, under pressure from the new designs of General Motors, Ford brought out his Model A, the popular song was. "Henry's Made a Lady Out of Lizzie." In 1913 Ford had initiated the assembly line technique, which was to cut the time needed to put together a chassis from 14 hours to one hour and 13 minutes. From 1917 to 1927, half of all U.S.-made cars were Fords. When Ford in January 1914 raised the minimum wage in his factories to $5 for an eight-hour day, the announcement created a sensation. Ford explained his high-wage policy on practical grounds: "I believe in the first place that, all other considerations aside, our own sales depend in a measure upon the wages we pay. If we can distribute high wages, then that money is going to be spent and it will serve to make storekeepers and distributors and manufacturers and workers in other lines more prosperous, and their prosperity will be reflected in our sales. Country-wide high wages spell country-wide prosperity." Ford was easy to work for, but not to work with. In 1919 he forced the minority shareholders to sell out to him at slightly under $106 million. The following year he was hit by a buyers' strike, and the Ford plants were shut dosvn. But Ford was soon back in business, and in 1926 he was reported keeping a cash balance of $300 million to .$350 million and to be making $1 million a day. He died in 1947, less than two years after turning over active management to his grandson, Henry II. There never will be another Henry Ford— and perhaps it's just as well. But his career did much to help build the daring, the vision and the willingness to gamble heavily on a good idea that are so much a part of the American free enterprise system. Modern Fxiiquette Q. Is the recipient of a birth announcement always expected lo respond with • gift of some kind? A. Definitely not — although it is a nice response. It'* up to how you feel about it. Q. It It all right to use the tel- ephon* to acknowledge receipt of a gill by mail? A. This is belter Ihan no thanks at all, lint still in much belter taste is a sincerely-written, personal note of appreciation. By ROBERTA LEE Q. I'm 14, How do I introduce boys and girls at a parly? A, You say, mentioning the girl's name firsl, "Sue, this is Bill Adams. Bill, Sue Clark." And il'i nice always to add something to the introduction that will help Ihe two lo slart » conversation, as "I Ihink you bolh attend the «,ime school," or, "I believe you bolh live in the tame part of town." Slowdown Everyone Being Blamed for Lag In Washington By Congressional Qu WASHINGTON—Almost everybody in the nation's capitol agrees on one thing: the current session of Congress is one of the pokiest, most meandering, in-years. But there's plenty of disagreement over the reasons. Liberal Democratic Sen. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa.) July 18 told the Senate it should he on its way home and instead was faced with "nothing but gloom"—the prospect of an eventual log-jam of legislation on civil rights, tax rail strike, debt increase and so forth. To get bills rolling faster, h'j called for reform of the Congressional process: permit committees to meet during sessions, and adopt a germaneness rule on debate and rule la make it easier to squelch a filibuster. But a Republican Congress- mail did not pin the blame on legislative machinery. He suggested that the Democratic leadership of Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield (Mont.) and Speaker of Hie House John W. McCorniack (Mass.) is less powerful than that of their predecessors, Lyndon B. Johnson (Texas) and Sam Hayburn (Texas), and that realization of (his has contributed to the slowdown. * * # THE THEORY GOES (hat some of this leadership power has been seized by committee chairmen, mostly Southern Democrats who h?.ve never been known to have a sense of urgency on "new frontier 1 ' bills, are not anxious to press for action. Southern Democratic Sen. Herman E. Talmadge (Ga.) however, blames the pace on the Administration. He says the President has pinned everything on his tax cut and civil rights bills and left the rest of his program in a "backwater." In addition to these viewpoints, many observers agree that the likelihood of a long Senate filibuster on the civil rights bill hasn't done much to give the 88th Congress a will to move quickly. * * * TO DOCUMENT the slower pace of the current session. Congressional Quarterly chose 23 major bills for the 1061, 10G2 and 1SH53 Congresses. At this time in 1%I, 13 had been enacted, in 10G2, six were enacted, in 196,1, four were enacted. Even for strinking was (he comparison between bills which saw only partial action in 1S62 and 1963: • fn 1962, (hree of the 23 bills had been passed by both houses; in 15)63, no other had been passed. • In l!)62. eight had been passed by one house only; in 1963, this was true of five. •In 1%2, three had been rejected; in 1363, one had been turned down. •In l!)62, only five of the 25 hills had failed (o pass beyond (he committee stage by late July; in lflfi.1, seven had been considered by committees in each chamber, throe had seen committee fiction in one house only, and five had seen no action at all. + » * A MORE DRAMATIC example of the differences in speed of action on legislation is provided by a comparison of work on the President's 1362 and 10M priority bills. In late July 1062, the trade expansion act had been passed by the House, and Senate hearings were scheduled. On Ihe other hand, the IBM tax cut bill firmly lodged in the Ways and Means Committee, and -nay not sec the floor before Seplembor. The difference, is dut to n lot of factors. Among them: the Administration didn't drall a tax bill leaving the arduous task up to the committee, and the pickup in the economy has weakened pressures for a quick tax cut. The civil rights and rail strike bills were sent up too late tor comparison with similar measures of earlier years. But whatever their liming, they are (here and must be acted on, further jamming the clogged legislative process. English Lessons By W. L. GORDON Words Often Misused: Distinguish between Conscious and Aware. We are conscious of what we perceive or feel within ourselves. We are nware of wliat goes on about us. One may be conscious of fear, but not altogether aware of the dangeri about one. Often Mispronounced: Epaulet. Pronounce epp-ah-let, accent first syllable. Often Misspelled: Insulate (to isolate). Insolate (to expose to the sun's rays). Synonyms: Savage (noun), brute, desperado, barbarian, vandal. Word Sludy: "Use > word three times and il Is yours." Let us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each day. Today's word: Inexorable; not to be moved by entreaty; relentless. (Accent second syllable). "He is an inexorable judge." A Place in The Sun The World Today From Now On Congress Will Have fo Do, Not Doodle By JAMES MARLOW i*f* N«w« •T^^^^ .. - 5S|!pP £ - w -^y^M&^K^ &<^? -^^f^&^y^^. " Xt ~ -1, s ,,->• -^ ^ ^-:^M^^^~*^'^-^- : '^'^^*^* "*~tf*^ ^v-'Yrfl 'ff £."TOA! ¥>&£& Inside ItcpoH Rocky Stole the Show at Governors' Parley By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK MIAMI BEACH, FLA. For Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, (he governors' convention here was a shot of adrenalin that kept alive his flickering presidential ambitions. Of course, the number one Republican presidential prospect, Sen, Barry Goldwatcr of Arizona, wasn't even here. But Rockefeller's maneuver in uniting the nation's Republican governors on civil rights and making civil righls the prima donna of the convention can scarcely be' regarded as increasing the stature of the conservative leader and his "Southern strategy." The third leading Republican presidential possibility Gov. George Romney of Michigan, was something of a political neophyte attending his first governors' conference. At times, he appeared to be out of his depth and played 3 second fiddle to Rockefeller. For example, at a caucus to plot Republican unity strategy, Romney's staff was indecisive. Because it was Sunday, Romney himself stayed away from the caucus in deference lo his Mormon religion. When his staff betrayed its indecision, other Republicans remarked in effect: Look, you're cither Republican or you're not, but make up your mind. * * -* ROMNEY MADE UP his mind — lo consolidate with his felloe governors — but the incident illuminates the concern of some Republicans that he still views himself as a mail of the people first, of the parly second. The Republicans had quite enough of that kind of flabby impartisan- ship during eight years of President Eisenhower. Romney's whole posture here Crossword Puzzle was that of a dedicated chief executive absorbed with (he problems of state government and fearful of the encroaching power of Washington in the federal-stale system. He told friends, in fact, that federal-state relations were "far more fundamental" to the nation's future than civil rights. No one can prove him wrong, but the emphasis is puzzling — like the man who stayed in his house while it was burning down lo see what went wrong with his sprinkler system. Romney went up to Rockefeller a moment after (he convention finally voted (o instruct Us Executive Committee to give top priority to civil rigiits. "Congratulations, you did exactly right,' 'lie said. But the handsome, jut-jawed super-salesman was really quite unhappy at the intrusion of civil rights politics into the deliberations of the Governors. « i * WHICH BRINGS US (town lo Rockefeller. From the moment that he announced his civil rights resolutions, three weeks ago, to the moment tile convention ended Wednesday nigtit. Rockefeller was a Roman candle among sparklers. He was the only governor who attracted large, waving crowds. He was the inevitable target of the photographers. It was Rockefeller's two-minute ( speech on civil righls ("I have worked all my life for equal opportunities for all citizens") that grabbed (he TV headlines Tuesday night, imme- fliafety following a film clip of a firebrand segregationist governor. It was Rockefeller who left three giddy liatcheck girls giggling, blushing and coddling their right hands aftei iiiey managed lo shake his hand Monday eve- ning. It was Rockefeller who sat quietly through one Republican caucus after another, careful not to offend the sensitivities of the o^'sr-shadowed small-state governors by seeming to lake over. It was Rockefeller of whom one key Republican said: "This is a new Rocky. He's patient and considerate, careful not to offend, thoroughly likeable and most important of all, a team play cr. I do believe he's developed some sympathy for the other fellows." * * « ROCKEFELLER, in sum, came to Miami Beach with two strikes against him — his remarriage and his party-splitting blast at Republican right wingers two weeks ago. He looked like a quick out. But he left Miami Beach with the bat still firmly in his grasp and the odds of a strike-out somewhat reduced. The convention here produced no hard political pledges to. anyone, but it gave Rockefeller an essential lift at the moment he desperately needed it. That's as much as can bo said for Ihe governor, bit it is really miite a lot. This convention never could have crystallized the presidential nomination, for example, as the JiK>2 governors' meeting idd for Dwight D. Eisenhower. But Rockefeller's performance at leasl opens the possibility of his return to the 196-1 governors' convention, just before the nominating convention, with that bat still in his grasp. To do that, he will have to win every primary he enlcis and avoid making asiu- glc mistake of any kind. WASHINGTON CAP)—Congress, dragging its feet dismally all year, suddenly got jabbed into moving. It tried to play it cool but Ihc weather turned hot, But then neither President Kennedy nor Congress qualifies as a good prophet in 1963. They didn't foresee the two critical events which overtook them by mid-year: (he civil rights fight and a nuclear test ban agreement with (he Soviet Union. If that wasn't enough, they have to try lo solve the dispute between Ihe railroads and their unions to prevent a strike. * * + In his State of the Union message lasl January, Kennedy seemed lo think his big battle of the year with Congress was going to be over taxes. He made his big pitch on tax cuts and lax reforms. He said there was lots (o do but he also said: "there may be a temptation to relax." Congress look him a( his word and has been relaxing ever since. It has passed almost no major legislation, The tax bill isn't near a vote. Nor is, medical care for Ihe aged, federal aid for public schools, expansion of unemployment compensation, extension of the foreign aid program, increase in Social Security (axes, creation o! a domestic Peace Corps, expansion of student loan program. Up to its neck in unfinished business, Congress is saddled with the fiery civil righls issue and the rail problem. A long Southern filibuster on civil rights could drag the session out even longer. The Senate alone will have to pass on the tesl ban trealy. Before there is a vote on that, there will be hearings, arguments, various statements to (he press and on the floor, and, probably, longwinded debates. * * * In his message, Kennedy didn't seem to foresee anything unusual arising in the civil rights field. He made only two references to that subject and, after two short paragraphs, went on to other things. He said a man accused of crime in federal court is entitled (o a good lawyer, no mailer what his means, and no one must be denied his voting rights. Witliin a few months, Negroes' demands for civil rights, hurst over the country so furiously Kennedy had to send a special message (o Congress, asking action. Congress on its own certainly wasn't going lo do anything. This sudden problem, one of Ihe most important domestic problems in a century, was forced upon both the President nnd Congress. Nor did Kennedy seem lo foresee anything so sensational as the agreement reached last week with the Soviet Union and Great Britain to ban nuclear tests in the atmosphere,, in ouler space and under the sea. « * * They didn't agree to ban underground tests so Ihe United Stales, Britain and the Soviel Union can go on with them—and wilh all Ihe other (csts. loo, if (he Senate doesn't approve the agreement. It probably will approve, but not in a hurry. What Kennedy did do in his State of the Union message was suggest "caution" about hoping for better relations wilh communism. He said "I foresee no spectacular reversal in Communist methods or goals." Bui he said the areas of agreement could be very wide on a "clear understanding aboul Berlin, stability in Southeast Asia, an end to nuclear testing, new checks on surprise or accidental attack, and, ultimately, general and complete disarmament." » * + Since the only agreement reached was lo ban nuclear lest.?, all olher areas are still wide open. Kennedy and Premier Khrushchev were delighted at Ihis achievement but (hey had one thing in common to say about it: They both cautioned Friday that Ihis agreement doesn't solve everything by a long sight. If the Senalc for some reason blocks Ihe treaty, even thai much won't be solved. But from now on Congress will have lo do instead of doodle. Hal Boyle Quick Way to Cool Off: Soak Your Feet in Pan of Ice Cubes NEW YORK (AP) — Things a columnist might never know if he didn't open his mail: When a dog bites you, he also takes a nip out of your pocketbook. America's 600.000 dog-bile cases a year cosl aboul $5 million in medical expenses. Incidentally, 76 per cent of the victims are under the age of 20. One study showed nearly two thirds admitted the dog's attack was nol entirely unprovoked. Hoi weather hint: H your air- conditioner or electric fan breaks down, a quick way to cool off is to soak your feel in a pan full of water and ice cubes. Science has also found you'll feel bcller in the long run if you pour a pitcher of martinis over your head than if yon drink them. Prosperity note: There arc more $20 bills in circulation today Uiau there were $10 bills two decades ago. Do you gamble? If you don't, you're in a minority. It is esti- Only Yesterday Greylock Sportsmen Given Award; Dodge Pine Cobble Headmaster 17. Flying 34.Sliowy ( mammal As.nlciree 18. Wtrcmea- 36, Alike surement 38, Jap. clogs 19. Berrv of t 39. Workout W.Indian 40. Individuals |r« 4!.lltnt ^ ft, }t 11 It 'ft 'ft 11 31 3 * 31 41 'ft m 'ft i ft, u i 'ft ti 'ft 3t 7 ''ft " 31 ft 'ft ft * '* 'ft n * " 41 i 'ft 25 ftt ft //< 16 11 % J/ DOWN 3- Mason's hammer 2, SweeLsop 3. Hebrew proselyte 4, Place apart * If O X/^ to ft 33 1 n ft> n s ft " 'ft f 'ft ft 3* 'ft ft SOLUTION OF SATURDAY'S PUZZLE 5. Move unnoticed 6. School of whales 7. Kxcuaej 8. Threaten D. Overact 10. Persian, fairy 12. Verge 16, Hymn 19. Far abovt the ground 20. Cr. letter 2!. Turmoil 23. Unfasten 24. Imagine 25. Reich Uitl place 26. Adult inject 27. Kur. blackbird 28TOintmen* 29. Wings 30.O!diak 33. Son: Kr, 35. Old Dutch clothespreii 37. Kxilncl 30 Yrnrs AlTn Miss Gladys- Nichols, R.N.. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Nichols of 970 State Rd.. accepted a position as suponnlcndcnl of nurses at the White Cross Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. Leo R. San Soucie, organist nl Notre Dame Church in Adams, left for New York City for a course in the Gregorian chant at Ihe Pope Pius X School of Liturgical Music. * * * Martin's book store at 2-i Bank St. changed hands for Ihe fourth time in 7."> years. H was bought by Fred B. Oliver & Co. of Hartford, Conn. * * * 20 Years AKO Fire Chief John E. Saulnier called Henry L. llissatllon lo work in Ihe Fire Department as a provisional appointee. Ife was oue of four on the list. Floyd Sifton and • Esmondc Manson were working already. Joseph T. Satko, clerk of the Adams Board of Selectmen, was renamed representative of members of the Adams Retirement System. * * * Raven 0. Dodge, 40, of Lowell was named headmaster of Pine Cobble School in Williamstown. He succeeded Edgar W. Flinton. * * S' 1(1 Years Ago John W. I.eroy of Church SI. Cheshire. lost an Index finger after catching il in Ihe blade ol * power mowet he was adjusting. * t + The CJrcylock Sportsmen's Club was presented OnUlooi 1 Lite's Conservation Award. City Councillor William D. Andrews Jr. was chosen county commissioner to fill out the unexpired term of the late John Henderson of Clarksburg, who had been chairman of the board. mated that up to 120 million Americans indulge with a fair degree of regularity in some form of betting — on everything from baseball to bingo. * * * Our quotable notables: "It !s easier to keep half a dozen lovers guessing than it is to keep one lover after he has slopped guessing.—Helen Rowland. Depressing news for male molorisls: America now has more than 33 million women drivers. Puzzle: If half a salted peanut will supply enough energy to fuel the brain for an hour of Intense thought, why is il people in cock- lail bars don'l say more smart things? A survey showed Hint England has the highest proportion of newspaper readers jn the world. This is particularly true any day that Christine Keeler lakes Ihe stand. * * * Worlh remembering: "The teen-age conception of social se- curily is going steady."—Arnold H. Glasow. It was Francois De La Roche-. Foticatild who observed, "A man who is always satisfied with himself is seldom satisifed with others." IVorlli Adams Skins Sunset today S.lfl p.m. Sunrise tomorrow .T.41 A.m. Moonsct lomorrow l.Ofl a.m. Scorpio is the most brilliant of the summer constellations. Tonight il appears to he following the Moon through the southern sky. ^$; *'4J> "Can 1 * you thave in the vinq » btach party here."
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