Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 26, 1942 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, January 26, 1942
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Wotvd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope 'VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 88 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Cooler in the west with little temperature change in the east portion and showers in the northeast portion. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 26, 1942 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—-Means Newspaper Enterprise A«s'r> PRICE 5c COPY 33 Jap Vessels Sunk or Damaged by Allied Units ft ft ft -ft -M Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN History Repeats — Another Oil Boom Scramble for Good Roads Is Vital Twenty-one years ago Arkansas had its first oil strike at , ^1 Dorado. What followed there should guide our own city, now confronted by an oil boom since Barnsdall brought in its Bond No. 1 as a big-time gusher. Following the El Dorado discovery there was a mad scramble for good roads connecting El Dorado and Camden with the field — and there will be the same scramble here. Lcwisvillc, Hope and Prescott arc -®all potential oil towns. Granted that the field spreads out in all directions, the town that benefits most will be the one that finds the- earliest solution for a road from the nearest high- American Army Forces Land in North Ireland Size of Force and Other Details Withheld-by War Department WASHINGTON -(/Pi- The arrival of American forces in northern Ireland was announced Monday by Sec- ;etary Stimson. Major General Russel P. Hartle is in command, it was announced but the size of th eforce and other details Were withhold. Specifically withheld were the designation of units, composition, strength, ports of embarkation and the date of sailing. The force was the first to reach Britain since the war started aside from groups of technicians. The text of the communique, number ,,;77 was; "Northern Ireland"—The Secretary of War announced Monday the arrival in northern Ireland of U. S, army forces under the command of Maj. Gen. Russcl P. Hartle. "Secretary of War Slimson de- 'clined to make public the designation of units nor would he mention the ports of embarkation, dales of sailing, or other details of the movement from the U. S." "There is nothing to report from Uther areas." General Hartle, 52, recently was commander of the 34th Infantry Division at Camp Calibornc, La., and is among the youngest oficcrs to hold a major general rank. His army service of mure than 30 'years includes service in France, the Philippines and Ptu>rto Rico. He is a native of Chcwsvillc, Maryland and in 1910 graduated from the University of Maryland. Hempstead Boys Get Army Promotions Army promotion of Hempstead • county boys now stationed at Camp •'Murray, Washington include; Fred A. G Ian ton, Lonnie Tullis, James C. Gaines of Hope from corporal to sergeant; and Cecil Smith of Columbus was promoted to a corporal rank. «* • «. Cranium Crackers U. S. Possessions American troops are battling at the outposts of a chain of U. S. possessions reaching half way around the world. Never empire- minded, the U. S. has built up this group of territories through a number of purchases and other means of acquisition. 1. From what nations did the .'. U. S. buy Alaska and the Virgin Islands? Which cost the most? 2. Were the Hasvaiian Islands, which became a territory in 1898, acquired as a result of the peace treaty after war with Spain? 3. In what years and how were ' the islands of Midway, Wake and Guum added to U. S. possessions? 4. Swains Island, annexed in 1U25, is one of latest U. S. territorial acquisitions. Where is it? 5. For how long does the U. S. hold the Canal Zone under treaty with Panama? Answers ou Comic Page O New Well, Pump and Reservoir Are Included Mayor Graves to Pu4h Construction at Once; Needed by Summer Final approval under the National Defense program of a $65,000 extension of the Hope municipal water plant was announced Monday in telegrams from Washington by Senator Hattie W. Caraway and Congressman Orcn Harris, and by Senator Lloyd Spencer, who is here in the city. The project is a grant of 545,000 and a loan of ?20,000, and calls for the addition to the local system of a deep well and pump, a concrete surface reservoir and pump, and extensions to the distribution system. Senator Caraway sent a telegram to Mayor Albert Graves, and Congressman Harris tclegaphed the mayor and The Star. Mayor Graves said construction was proposed to start immediately, as the approval of the project concluded many months of planning by the mayor and city .council, ever since the increasing population of Hope ran the local water supply close to the safety margin last summer. Mayor Graves was in Washington four days during November, and was assisted by Senator Lloyd Spencer in arranging final conferences with federal agencies handling the project. This is the first of three local projects to be wholly approved. Recently the federal government approved ?18,000 for extensions to the local sewer mains, but the remainder of this project, a sewage disposal plant is still pending. The third project, an application for 5365,000 for a new Julia Chester hospital building, remains to be finally passed upon. Information here is that the amount was slashed to ?lflp,000 by the Kansas City federal office, but part of the cut was later restored when the project matter was referee! to Washington, where final action remains to be taken. Federal Wo r ks Announcement LITTLE ROCK —(IP)— Lester M. way to actual drilling operations. Roy Anderson, president of Hope Chamber of Commerce, and Terrell Cornelius, a director, were discussing this morning the matter of getting the present country road developed south of Patmos along the L. & A. railway into LaFayette county to the community of Baker, where the Barnsdall well is located. Since the discovery well is over the line in LaFayelte county Lewisville will have n relatively easy time getting a good road built to the field, simply making it a county road project. Hempstead county can build its own road to the county line, but from there on a relatively small amount of road will have to be constructed by emergency means. This ought to be done at once. It was done at El Dorado—conquering problems that today's generation would think impossible, for back in 1921 there were no state or county highways. Today we have roads almost everywhere, requiring only short spurs to be constructed wherever an oil field develops. * * * By WILLIS THORNTON Skidding on the Parallels Drawing historical parallels is like sliding down the front walk on a frosty morning—it's fun, but it's dangerous. The parallelism between the present German retreat on the Russian front and that of Napoleon _ in 1812 is so attractive, so neat, and so alluring to wish-thinkers, that a great deal of good while paper has been spoiled in exploiting it. Look how easy it is: Napoleon and Hitler each invaded Russia at almost the same time of year, hoping for a quick campaign which would lay the enemy low before the rigors of winter. Napoleon took Moscow in early September, but the city was burned and he had to withdraw. His retreat, disrupted by poor discipline and bitter weather, harassed by Cossacks and army pursuit, became a disastrous rout, and an army of more than 400,000 men had been pulverized lo fewer than 25.000. Nevertheless, Russian pursuit stopped at the Niemen river. Hitler, invading at the same time, carried not merely a column into Russia, but a front from Hie Baltic to the Black Sea. He, too, advanced with success, but failed to take Moscow or Leningrad. He, too, was overtaken by winter and retreated, losing considerable quantities of material. But there are differences that seem more important than the similarities For instance, by Jan. 10 it was all over with the Grande Armec, whereas it is now late January and the German line is only now falling back ,• : ~ ~~ —* ° • "- " on Smolensk, roughly the half-way I 5! Iu '. vn [ ccl '? y h '1 T le ' his " lothcr > Mre point. Their line is not broken and Mal l alT ? Plgg of Mena : three brothers, though no one any longer believes ~?Y' "• a?d_ Samuel P. of Muskogee. that the reatreal is strictly according to plan, nevertheless it is not a rout; no German army has been captured or removed from the fighting; no complete break-through has been accomplished. The disaster lo the German armies, though a severe setback, is in no way comparable with the almost complete destruction of Napoleon's Grande Armee. Further, those who draw the Napoleonic parallel forget to carry it through far enough. They froget that though his Russian expedition was a complete failure, and its army almost completely destroyed, Napoleon threw up the whole thiog personally in early December, left his army to its fate, and rushed buck to Paris to raise a new one. By early the following spring, 1813, he had a brand-new army of 200,000 U.S. Ship Sunk Off East Coast 22 Feared Lost Axis Subs Sink Six Ships in Atlantic Within Two Weeks NORFORK, Va.-M')—An Axis undersea raider attacked the American ore carrier Venore off the North Carolina coast late Friday and 22 members of the crew arc unaccounted for, the Fifth Districtnaval post announced Monday. Twenty-one members of the crew were brought ashore Sunday night at Nprfork. The 8,01G-ton carrier owned by the Ore Steamship company, was hit at least twice by torpedoes and sank early Saturday morning. Crew members said the submarine fired one shell at the ship which struck at about midship on the port side. A few minutes later another struck into the port side. 'Three lifeboats were laurich'e'd^prie city will need the additional water Thr . co . "^boats" were launcTied; pne supply this coming summer. Final f° nlalnln g 21 men who picked up 31 miriT.rnr.il nf ti-tn m.nioni nA n n t.i r i n j hours later. Marx, regional director of the Federal Works agency's division of defense public works announced Monday a loan of $20,000 and a grant of $45,000 for the Hope waterworks facilities project. Homer Pigg, Former C. C. Secretary, Dies MENA — William Homer Pigg, 51, former Polk county superintendent of schools, who died Friday at Fort Smith, was buried here Saturday. A native of Missouri, Mr. Pigg served as school superintendent here from 1941 to 1918, then went to Hope where for 12 years he was secretary of the Chamber of Commerce. During this time he was instrumental in oganiz- ing the annual Hope watermelon festivals. Later he was with the Federal Land bank of St. Louis, Mo., and for the last few years was associated with the Gibson Land and Credit Springfield, Mo. He is (Continued on page four) Okla., and Oscar Pigg of Mena, and a sister, Mrs. Ella Farley of Mena. This was the sixth vessel officially eported sunk by enemy submarines on the Atlantic seaboard during the past two weeks. A seventh vessel attacked was only damaged. March of Dimes for Paralysis Hope Theaters Collect $125 Toward Goal of $250 The Saenger and Rialto theater!, have collected $125 thus far toward their quota of 5250 in the national theater campaign (o aid sufferers from infantile paralysis, Manager Remmcl oung announced Monday. M. A. Lightman, president of Malco Theaters, Inc., is chairman of the theater campaign in Arkansas, which is part of the campaign being conducted by 10,000 theaters throughout the nation. Collections are made twice daily in the local theaters by Boy Scouts. The theater appeal is in the for mof Water Plant Is Approved — — ---- „ - _ -- a\ Atlantic Battle's Most Dramatic Picture Report Made on Hawaii Attack Neglect of Duty Charged Against Officials By the Associated Press WASHINGTON-TWO Senators who had criticized some phases of the lend-lease policy on the ground that war material sent abroad was needed for United States defense raised the question Sunday night whether the Roberts Commission's report on the Pearl Harbor atlack did not vindicate their stand. The report by the five-man board of injury headed by Associate Justice Owen J. Roberts of the Supreme Court also touched off congressional demands for a unified command of land, sea and air forces and punishment of those responsible for the disaster. Chairman Walsh (Dem., Muss.) of the Senate Naval Committee said it appeared from the report that both Secretaries Stimson and Knox "feared -® ic tncater appeal is in the tor mot . -"""•" "umoun uuu «.nux icarea icklrcss from the screen by Clark I early in 1941 wllat actually happened Ic, effectively delivered 'bv the °" December 7" and that "in view Gable, effectively delivered by the country's most popular adult actor. Terrell Cornelius is chairman of the general Hcmpslcacl county campaign of their apprehensions" these inquiries present themselves: "First: What steps were taken to ji-jivj in J JL.llljJ3ll.eU! UUIUHJ Ccitll jju l£ll ij|*ji,, rrJlflt C'lCJ'.l WLTC lOKCIl IO for the paralysis relief fund, annually increase and strengthen the army, the conducted on the eve of President n; " T ' 1/ -••"'' lhn ••'••• '' - ••* " " Franklin D. Roosevelt's birthday, the last of this month. Miss Betty Rakes Joins Western Union Miss Betty June Rakes of Bentonville, Ark., this week-end joined the Hope staff of Western Union. Formerly relief manager for the telegraph company at Bentonvillc, she will replace Raymond Hayton, Monroe (La.) man who has been working here but wil leave shortly to join the Air Corps. Announcement of the change was mdae by Dale Wilson, Hope manager for Western Union. Daily Drilling Report of S. Arkansas By ARK. OIL & GAS COMMISSION IMcKuaiic (160 acre spacing) ©squeeze Carter: Hancs No. 2, Elev. 297, 5Vz inch csg. sauck at 7100 Atlantic: Bodcaw No. 9, Drlg. 9094. Bodcaw No. 10, Loc. C-SE Sec. 32, 17-23. Macedonia (80 acre spacing) Atlantic: Warnock-Brewer No. 1, Loc. C-S'/a SW Sec. 15, 18-21. ^McAlester: Brewer-Warnock No. 1, Elev. 258, running casing. ML Holly (40 acre spacing) Atlantic; Davis B-l, attempting to .. Big Creek (160 acre spacing) J. W. Love: Stager No. 1, Drlg 6405. Midway (40 acre spacing) Barnsdall: Dodson Est., R. U. Arkansas Fuel Oil Co.: Bond No. 1, M. I. R. J. I. Roberts: Bond No. 1, Spdg. Durchcul (40 acre spacking) Atlantic: Pinewoods B-l, prep, to squeeze. Wildcats: McAlester; Jeffus No. 1, Drlg. 5142. naiiiy and the air force at Hawaii and in the Pacific after January, 1941. "Second: Is it a fact that the opposite course was taken, and ships were actually moved from the Pacific to the Atlantic and that practically no increase were made in the army and Air Corps defenses." "It would appear in the absence of any facts to the contrary that nothing was done to change the silua- tion in the Pacific," Walsh's statement continued. "If the army and the navy had been materially strengthened during this time, it might not necessarily have prevented the dereliction of duty that the board finds, but it would have given notice to the army and navy that the government at Washington was preparing a strong determined fighting defense." The report, made public by President Roosevelt Saturday night, said there was •'dereliction of duty" on the part of Lt. Gen. Walter C. Short and Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commanders of the two services in !he Hawaiian urea when the Japanese struck on (he morning of December 7. The two officers, the commission snid, failed to confer on advices and warnings from Washington that war was imminent and an air raid probable as the opening move. Sighted as a tiny spcc k tossing on the wide, Bray^eVoT r,, I T- Wl H l UlteC SUr ? iVOrS ° £ a to n> e <">«* "'erclnbnan to the keel in utter exhaustion, is brought alongside a British warship on patrol-telling another dramatic stor£ of tie battle o tte ' ** ° f *« William A. Bishop, Canadian air marshal, brought clown 72 enemy planes in the first World war. The United States Navy was the first in the world to experiment with floating flying fields. Axis in Threat to Bengasi Counter Ofensive Pushes British Back 145 Miles By (lie Associated Press Bengasi in North Africa again was threatened Monday by Axis forces which had developed their rcconas- siancc in force of last week into a full scale offensive. The British admitted the main battle now was in the Zouiet Msus area which meant they had been driven back 40 miles since Sunday and 145 miles from the westernmost point from El Agcila. Zouiet Msus is only about 70 miles southeast of Bengasi which the British captured on Christmas Day in the second Libyan offensive. That the Axis itself was somewhat puzzled by their own successes was indicated by a spokesman in Rome. He spoke of the Ajcis improvised counter attack and said it was not quite clear what happened to the powerful British army. The Italian communique claimed huge losses inflicted 011 the British including the destruction or capture of 239 tanks and armored cars and 158 guns. It was evident that the Germans and Italians are rushing heavy reinforcements and that the British may be in for an even more difficult time. The Axis announced the arrival of another important convoy at Tripoli despite heavy British bombing and torpedo attacks which were acknowledged to have sunk one large liner. • «»-«-•»» A Frenchman, Leon Scott, made an unsuccessful attempt to record sound in 1855, 22 years before Thomas Edison's experiments succeeded. Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS March May July October Close .. 19.42 .. 19.53 .. 19.63 19 g4 December 1953 NEW YORK March May July October December January Middling spot 20.87. 19.33 19.48 19.53 19.64 19.67 19.70 Japs Engaged in New Britain Civilians Removed as Australians Fight Invaders MELBOURNE, Australia (/P^-Civil- lans were removed Monday from the cities of New Guinea and in the heart of the Solomon Islands as jungle trained Australian militia battled invasion forces in the hills of New Britain and New Island and the Japanese hurled new landing forces into the arc of the island protecting this continent. The broadening of Japanese operations covered a broken front extending almost 1,000 miles from New Guinea cast of Florida Island. While militia men fought a delaying action the cabinet ordered full mobol- ization of fighting and working manpower. All up to GO were required to register and the enrollment of women was expected to follow. With the Japanese gaining bases within striking distance of the mainland bomb disposal squads were being formed in Australian cities and steps taken lo extend the present black out to all coastal communities. Army minister Francis Forde announced that civilians were being taken from bombed Madang in New Guinea and Tulagi to the Florida Island in the Solomons. Civilians were removed from the New Guinea town of Lac during the weekend. (There was no immediate indication whether the evacuation was prompted by fear of future bombings or indicated Australia's preparation to stand off expected Japanese landing attempts.) Australia militia, in action for the first time in history, was largely bushmcn from Vctoria, long trained for fighting in the jungles fo the mainland and New Guinea. Reports reaching here indicated they were holding out in a hard fighting stand in the hills south of Rabaul ,at the northern end of New Britain, roughly Madang. 400 miles east of Japanese who landed there from 11 transports were estimated to number 10,000. Other Japanese forces were ashore on New Island .notheast of New Britain after landing last week near Kavig. • » mm —. • Deep sea divers of the U. S. Navy have attained depth of more than 500 feet. Action Probably Halted Attempt to Invade Java Four-Day Running Battle in Macassar Straits Won by Allies By the Associated Press U. S. and Dutch sea and air forces locked in a great running battle with the Japanese invasion armies in the straits of Macassar has sunk or damaged at least 30 and perhaps 33 transports and warships hi the four days of of fighting and may have shattered an attempt to invade Java, the heart pf the united nation's defense in the southwest Pacific. The next few days will tell in what strength, if any, the Japanese armada will be able to negotiate a narrow shortcut to the inner arc of the Netherlands East Indies. Japs Gain Foothold , Japan, however, won v at least'.one* foothold on the sea road to Java-r' Dutch- oil-port of>Balik»P^pcKi &$$ the * straight side of the island 'qf'Borheo but the size of the invasion fleet indicated Tokyo was shooting for higher stakes to the south. The Strait of Macassar is the most direct route between the Japanese points in the Philippines and the rich island of Java ori which the United Nations have centered supreme command and much of its armed strength. Eoerabaja, grftat Dutch naval base, lies less than 350 miles southwest of the southern mouth of the strait. 10 Actually Sunk The score against the Japanese in the straits battle as thus far reported in communiques from Java headquarters and Washington follows: Sunk, nine transports and one destroyer, probably sunk 6 transports. Damaged, (excluding probable sink- ings), a warship, unclassified as to type: five cruisers, two destroyers and nine transports. The damaged ships hit by bombs or torpedoes include at least five transports probably sunk and a cruiser which may have gone down. The battle started on Thursday afternoon when Dutch airmen scored 12 direct hits with heavy and medium calibre bombs on eight ships. U. S. naval and air forces joined in the attack the following day in the hot equatorial waters of the strait, churned by bombs from light and heavy bombing planes, destroyers, cruisers and submarines. Slight damage to one U. S. warship only was acknowledged so far as the cost of the attack. The losses inflicted on the Japanese were the heaviest of any counter action since the Japanese launched their grand offensive in the southwestern Pacific region on December 7. ••»»•» Ex-Resident of Hope Succumbs Mrs. Charles Bell Dies at Home in Ma rlin, Texas Mrs. Charles Bell, 70, a former resident of the city, died in a Marlin, Texas, hospital Sunday night following a long illness. Funeral arrangements were not complete Monday. The funeral will be held in Hope Tuesday with burial in the Hose Hill cemetery. A native of Conway county, Arkansas. Mrs. Bell moved to Hope soon after her marriage and remained here nearly 25 years. She is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Clay Doyle of Reagan, Texas, a sister, Mrs. Robert Bridewell of Hope, and a brother, A. T. Green. «•»<» Black-out paint on the out-of-doors side of window glass is more effective for a complete blackout than inside painting, which creates reflective glare. , _ 'i < 1 ,* J ' ' ,- I:

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