transcript RESCUE IN EARTHQUAKE — Yugoslav army unirj rescuo people from houses shattered during earthquake at Skopje, Yugo- slavia. This photo ij from Tanjug, official Yugoslav news agency. <AP Wirephotol Skopje Earthquake Rubble Is Sifted in Search for Victims SKOPJE, Yugoslavia (AP) — Dazed survivors joined thousands of rescue workers today in sifting rubble for victims of Friday's earthquake, which reduced Yugoslavia's fourth largest city to ruins. Uiiiiover 500 Hoclios Army earthmoving equipment uncovered more than fiOO bodies from debris where Moslem mosques and minarets and modern skyscrapers ouce stood, City officials fear the death toll may run into the thousands. One official said it may reach 6,000. It was not known immediately whether the victims included Americans, although some were known to have been in the city when the earthquake struck at dawn. The two biggest, hotels, the Macedonia ami Ihe Skopje, were destroyed. Officials said 2GO tourists died in the Hotel Macedonia alone. Brigitte Joufret, a 23-year-old student from Marseilles, was found ajive in the wreckage of Ihe Hotel Macedonia today. She survived by sandwiching herself between two mattresses. This is Ihe height of the tourist season in Eastern Europe and many foreigners were- in Skopje. The quake—the worst natural disaster in modern Yugoslav history—destroyed about 85 per cent, ot the buildings in Skopje, northern Macedonian capital, and left at least half of the population of 270,000 homeless. It was hard to estimate Ihe total number of injured. Officials said more than 2,001) persons were> treated at emergency stations. Authorities rushed in an emergency force of 10,000, mostly soldiers, fearing an outbreak of fires from broken gas mains. Residents were warned against drinking water that may have been polluted. In one section, residents mobbed an army truck bringing in water. The army set up canteens to feed the survivors. Children were lodged in resort hotels taken over by the government. Rail Unions to Give Views on JFK's Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — Union leaders appear before the Senate Commerce Committee again today to give their views on President Kennedy's plan for patching up the rail-labor dispute. Meanwhile, the administration renewed efforts to settle the long wrangle over work rules by direct bargaining. Opposition Scon Growing There were signs that opposition was growing to the President's proposal to throw the entire matter into tile tap of the Interstate Commerce Commission. • But Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz said after a two-hour meeting Friday night between the railroads and the five on-train unions that there is "no basis for thinking at this point (hat the dispute can be settled outside legislation." Another meeting was scheduled for today. Wirtz called negotiators together after the acting chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, Sen. John Pastore, D-R.I., offered to hold up hearings for a week if the two sides thought this would speed a settlement. Although a union representative, A. F. Zimmerman of the Brother- People In The News TACOMA, Wash, (AP) —Actress Mamie Van Doren has arrived in Taconia to see Bo Belinsky, her erstwhile fiance. "So many terrible things were said about, us when we broke up," she said. "I felt terrible. When Bo askerl me to come here and talk to him, I caught a plane." Beiinsky, a left-handed pitcher playing in Tacoma with Hawaii of the Pacific Coast Baseball League, would neither confirm nor deny thai he and Miss Van Doren would be married. They mel when he was pitching for the Los Angeles Angels. - * t LOS ANGELES (AP) — Col. Beirut Lay Jr., 5:1, author of movie- scenarios including "12 o'clock High," "Above and Beyond," and "Strategic Air Command," has retired from the Air Force. When he announced his retirement, Lay learned his book, "I Wanted Wings," inspired Maj. Gen. Den I. Funk to become a pilot 2il years ago. Funk, 50, commands the Air Force's Space Systems Division. • * * JAKARTA (API-President Su- karno of Indonesia has a new title, "The Supreme Social Worker." A news agency in .lakartn reported the title was given to the fiZ-year-old chief executive by the government's Social Work Department. hood of Locomotive Engineers, said he doubted there was any hope for efCective bargaining, Wirtz took up Pastore's idea as "an eminently sound suggestion." Representatives of the other four unions are scheduled to testify before the Senate Commerce Committee today. Pressure on Congress to reach a quick decision on Kennedy's proposals has eased since the railroads announced they would delay new work rules until Aug. 2!). The unions say they will strike the minute the rules go into effect. During Friday's commerce committee bearing, the president of the engineers brotherhood, Roy E. Davidson, denounced the President's proposal as "harsh and unfair." He said it "is not only compulsory arbitration, it is compulsory arbitration with the added evil of an utterly unfair preferment for the demands of management." Critical of ICC Davidson said that the ICC, which other union leaders have accused of leaning to management's side in past cases, "is far less competent to deal with this dispute than any other arbitrator previously suggested, formally or in formally." Under Kennedy's proposal, the railroads would submit their controversial work rules changes to the ICC which would then rule on whether they should be put into effect, The railroads say they can save millions of dollars by eliminating jobs they term unnecessary but which the unions insist are needed. The railroads have announced support for the ICC plan. Motorist Has Long, Wild Ride On Hood of Auto BOSTON (AP)—Joseph Thomas, 3Ti, was recovering today from severe injuries suffered during a frantic one mile ride while he was sprawled across an automobile hood. Thomas told police last night, his car was in collision wills another motorist's in Boston's South End. Both drivers slopped In exchange, identification and Thomas said as he slcppcd from his car the second man pulled away. Thomas said he leaped upon the hood of Ihe car while it was speeding away and he hung on for a harrowing mile - long ride which ended when the car rammed » parked car and Thomas was tossed 25 feel. Thomas said his body blocked Iho driver's vision, causing the crash. The second motorist abandoned his car and fled on fool, Police said Ihey are seeking him Uxlay, President Tito, who decreed Friday and today as days of national mourning, arrived this afternoon. His plane flew over the devastated area before lauding. Premier Petar Szambolic arrived Friday, five hours after the earthquake and promised all possible aid to survivors. Survivors Dazed Survivors, many dazed and others weepiug, spent the night in army tents or huddled under blankets. Some gathered around bonfires, afraid to seek shelter in the few remaining buildings. By dawn, more than 90 new tremors were recorded in the area. An eerie silence hung over the city, broken only by cries and moans. Men, women and children wandered aimlessly, clutching what few possessions they had saved. Many wore pajamas. They fled from their beds in panic when the earthquake struck. A mother sat beside a pile of rubble clutching the crushed bodies of her two children. Today In Nation's Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In the news from Washington: STUDENTS: The 54 American students who went to Cuba against official U.S. wishes have, in effect, been ordered by the State Department to do no more traveling except to return to the United Stales. A member ol Congress, Rep. William C. Cramer, D-Fla., says the action by the State Department is no more than a "slap on the wrist" and demanded that the leaders of the students be prosecuted. Richard I. Phillips, State Department press officer who announced Friday (hat the students' passports have been tentatively withdrawn, said the question of criminal prosecution is up to the Justice Department. + * + A-OKAY: Things are apparently less than "A-okay" between the nation's space agency and Air Force Lt. Col. John A. Powers, who became known to millions of Americans as "the voice of Mercury" in America's man-in-space program. Powers, who is credited with coining the term "A-okay" to indicate "Everything's fine," is losing his job as spokesman for the astronauts. After a meeting with James E. Webb, administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and deputy administrator Hugh L. Dryden, Powers said: "I am sure my role is going to change." A source at NASA's Manned Space Flight Center at Houston, Tex., said Friday Powers will remain with NASA hut he "will not be in public affairs." * * * POSTMASTER GENERAL: The field is apparently wide open for the job being vacated by Postmaster General J. Edward Day. An authoritative White House source has knocked down a report the Cabinet post might go to former Sen. Benjamin A. Smith of Massachusetts, a former Harvard roommate of President Kennedy. Day is quitting in two weeks to return to private business. SLUMS? A government accountant says the U.S. Capitol and the While House could be declared substandard under criteria used by the Urban Renewal Administration in slum clearance projects. So could New York's Empire Slate Building, Bernard S. Sacki told a House subcommittee looking into ur' v an renewal standards. Sucks, R General Accounting Office supervisor, said virtually any building could be classed substandard under current guidelines, North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120TH YEAR • NO. 40 SATURDAY, JULY 27,1963 12 PAGES • 8 CENTS JFK Urges Americans to Join in Historic DebateOver Nuclear Test Ban Agreement Syncom 2 Space Communications Station Moving Toward Goal High Above Equator CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) —The Syncom 2 space communications station, riding high more than 2,000 miles above the earth, drifted slowly today toward its goal as the world's first satellite to operate over one area of the globe. Moves Toward Kqualor At its present rate of speed, about 6,800 miles an hour, Syncom 2 will reach a point over the equator above northern Brazil next Saturday. Scientists plan to slop it there by sending radio signals to fire nitrogen jets which will adjust the satellite speed and angle. If all goes well, the satellite's speed will increase to about 6,840 miles an hour and thus will be , synchronous with the speed of the earth rotating below. The earth at the equator travels 1,0-10 miles an hour, but Syncom 2 would be like a runner on an outside track who has to move faster to keep pace. The above-Brazil point was se- lected as (he best for communications experiments planned between the Syncom 'ground stations at Lakehurst, N.J., and on the ship Kingsport, anchored at Lagos, Nigeria, on the coast of West Africa. Early communications tests were rated highly successful by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Kings-, port beamed the music of "The Star Spangled Banner," voice tapes and teletype messages to the drum-shaped package. The satellite sent them back "loud and clear." Officials cautioned that true tests he ahead when Syncom 2 will be in position for two-way transmission between Africa and the United Slates via the two stations. They predicted the satellite will be within radio range of both by Monday. Project Director Alton Jones said major goals are to put the satellite in a synchronous orbit, stabilize it and (hen establish con- Pentagon, Labor Dept. Move To Deal With Discrimination WASHINGTON (API — While waiting for Congress to act on its far-reaching civil rights program, the Kennedy administration has moved to deal with racial discrimination on two specific fronts. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced plans to combat discrimination against Negro servicemen and their families, and Secretary of Labor W. Wills rd Wirtz outlined pew standards designed to ensure equal opportunity in worker apprenticeship programs. Both actions came Friday, McNamara said base commanders may declare off limits any area where Negro servicemen and their families are subjected to "relentless discrimination." The commanders first must get approval of the secretary of the service concerned. McNamara voiced the hope that such sanctions never will have to be used. The threat of ruling certain areas off limits to all troops could he a powerful economic weapon against segregation and discrimination in cities and towns that depend heavily on military payrolls. McNamara made Ihe announcement in reporting to President Kennedy the steps which hnve been taken on recommendations made by the President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces. McNamara also asked the military services to give him a report by Aug. 15 on their plans for combatting discrimination, and he authorized the creation of the post Donovan Wants To Urge Red China To Free Americans PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Lawyer James B. Donovan, principal negotiator for the release of Cubans captured in the Bay ot Pigs invasion wants to undertake a similar mission to Red China to free Americans imprisoned there. And he says he's optimistic about his chances for success. Donovan, here to receive an honorary degree today from Bryant College, toW the Providence Journal he has been exploring for several months the possibility of a repatriating mission behind the Bamboo Curtain. Permission for such a venture would have In he secured from the State Department said Donovan who emphasized that his trips to Cuba and to East, Germany were undertaken with full government sanction. Donovan said there are an estimated 100 Americans now held as politicnl prisoners in Communist China and the families of some of these men have urged that he undertake the mission. "I'm always an optimist," replied Donovan when asked to speculate alwut his chances for success in tne proposed Chin* venture. Donovan declined to comment on charges by Fidel Castro that the United Stales reneged in the ransom transaction for Bay of Pigs invaders, ' of assistant secretary of defense for civil rights to oversee military anti-discrimination programs. A Labor Department spokesman said the apprenticeship training standards will affect about 9,000 local programs involving approximately 150,000 apprentices. Wirtz said federal certification of local apprenticeship programs will be withheld unless the programs meet the standards designed to put them on a "completely non-discriminatory basis." The regulations bar discrimination in selection of apprentices, in the training program and in the employment to which the program is related. Wirtz said the new standards were formulated in response to a directive from President Kennedy, who also asked a review of federal construction programs to prevent any racial discrimination. Wirtz said a plan is being worked out to implement that part of the directive. The Senate Commerce Conunil- lee prepared for at least one more full week of hearings on the President's bill to outlaw segregation in hotel 1 ;, restaurants and other public accommodations. fact for a long period between Lakehurst and the Kingsport. Only Three Needed Because a satellite at Syncom 2's altitude would be within radio range of more than one-third of the earth's .'.urface, only three such craft would be needed for continuous worldwide communications coverage. They would seemingly stand still in space at evenly space points about 22,300 miles above the equator. The lower-altitude Telslar-aud Relay-type communications systems would require 40 or 60 salel- lilies and far more extensive ground facilities. Because of its small size, Syn- com 2 will be restricted to radio, telephone, teletype and photo facsimile tests. The space agency plans a larger Syncom, the first of which could be in the sky in 1865, to beam television and other communications. A Delta rocket started Syncom 2 on its complex journey Friday. Aluminum Workers' Contract Features 10-Week Vacations NEW YORK (API—The major aluminum producers settled with the AFL-CIO Steelworkers Union yesterday in an agreement which features 10 weeks vacation every five years. The pact is similar to that in Ihe steel industry. Negotiations for extension of an old contract began nine days ago and were termed the shortest and most harmonious in the history of the aluminum industry. No wage increase is provided in the contract. But the Steelworkers arc hopeful the long vacations will create new jobs in the aluminum industry. Each year, about 20 per cent of the aluminum employes will get the 10-week vacation. Thus all employes will get the long vacations over a five-year span. In addition to Ihe 10 weeks, em- ployes will get three additional weeks' pay in one year out of five. This brings the vacation package to the same level as in the steel industry where extended vacations of 13 weeks are given ouce every five years. President Calls !t 'Important First Step* Away From War That Could Take More Than 300 Million Lives In an Hour Find Day-to-Day Relations At Tesf Ban Talks Warmer MOSCOW (AP) — Nuclear test ban negotiators W. Averell Harriman of the United States and Lord Hailsham of Brilain fly home today amid indicaljons that the Soviets may be becoming more friendly toward the West. Westerners who have contacts with Soviets say day-to-day relations during the test linn conference became considerably warmer when it was apparent that the Kremlin wanted the negotiations to be successful, Several Western diplomats said they were invited to the homes of Soviet officials, something that almost never happens. But, some Western diplomats have warned thai Premier Khrushchev may be hiding a few tricks, especially in his proposed nonaggression pact. They argued that Khrushchev could make effective use of lh« pact if—and when—he decides to give Communist East Germany power over the Western supply routes to West Berlin. Harrimau and Ilailshnm will report to President Kennedy and Prime Ministe Harold Macmillnn on what they believe Khrushchev is thinking. They got the final items for their reports at a dinner given for them Friday night by Khrushchev. Neither Hnrrimnn, undersecretary of stale for political affairs, nor Hailsham, British minister for science, would reveal what Khrushchev told them. But. the Soviet Premier gave * clue to his thinking in an interview published by tl* newspapers Izvestia and Pravda. Khrushchev began by hailing the proposed partial ban on nuclear tesling, then said: "It is necessary lo seltle Hie question on which liquidation of international tension primarily depends— the question of a German peace settlement," He set no deadlines. From the Soviet view the test, ban conference apparently wns * prelude U> negotiations on a non- aggression pact between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and its Communist, counterpart, the Warsaw Pact of Eastern European nations. Britain and the United States have refused to be drawn into any pact which could be interpreted as giving recognition to East Germany. WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy has urged all Americans lo join in a historic debate over the nuclear lest ban agreement which he called "an important first step" away from a war (hat could take more than 300 million lives in an hour. Treaty "For All of Us" Kennedy, speaking Friday night on radio and television lo gather support for the treaty, said: "It is rny hojx! that all of you will take part" in the debate "for this treaty is for all of us." "It is particularly for our children and grandchildren, and they have no lobby here in Washing- Ion," said the President, "This debate will involve military, scientific and political experts, but it must not be left to them alone. The right and the responsibility are yours." "The historic and constructive debate" for which the President asked will center around the Senate, which must ratify the agreement by a two-thirds vote. The President did not picture. a bright road ahead. He was cautious and grave. He cautioned that the American, Soviet and British agreement to ban all nuclear tests except under ground is not millenium. It will not, he said, resolve all conflicts, (urn the Communists away from their ambitions or eliminate the dangers of war. "Shaft of Light" But he called it "a shaft of light" cutting into what had been the darkening prospects of mass destruction on earth—"an important first step—a step toward peace—a step toward reason—a step away from war." And (ht; President wamed that a nuclear war "would not be like any war in history." "A full-scale nuclear exchange, lasting less than (if) minutes, could wipe out more than 300 million Americans, Europeans and Russians as well as untold numbers elsewhere," said Kennedy. "And Ihe survivors, as Chairman Khrushchev warned the Communist Chinese, 'would envy the dead.'" After his speech, the President, flew to his summer place at Hyannis Porl, Mass,, where today he will receive a report on the M.ISCOW talks from Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harri- nian, the chief U.S. representative at the negotiations. Secretary of State Dean Rusk, scheduled lo fly to Ihe Soviet U lion next week to sign the treaty, will be on hand. Khrushchev Interview V"iile Kennedy went on the air to tell Americans how he feels about the treaty and future agreements which may follow, Khrushchev did essentially the same in an interview with the newspapers Pravda and Izvestia. The leaders were in agreement on three issues. Both bailed the pact's international significance; both hinted that it may open the door to oilier agreements, and both caulioned that no one should expect miracles. Kennedy acknowledged that Ihe treaty is not foolproof, because there is no sure way of controlling nuclear blasts deep in outer space, and because the "escape clause" permits signatories to withdraw. But he said: "While it may h« theoretically possible to demon- strafe the risks inherent in any treaty, and sw'h risks in this treaty are smalt, the far greater risk lo our security are the risks of unrestricted testing, the risks of a nuclear arms race, the risk of new nuclear powers, nuclear pollution, and nuclear war." The partial ban, he said, is "safer by far for the United Stales than an unlimited arms race." Four Meetings Kennedy said the pact had four meanings "to you and your children and your neighbors:" I, It can be a start toward a reduction in world tensions and toward broader areas of East- West agreement. ?.. The treaty could help free the world from the fears and dangers of radioactive fallout. 3, It could be a move toward preventing the spread of nuclear weapons to nations other than the four now possessing them: the United Stales, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France. 4. It could check the nuclear arms race in a manner which, on balance, would strengthen this country's security far more than a continuation of testing. Toward the end of his address the President made his appeal for Senate ratification, quoting a Chinese proverb: "a journey of a thousand miles is begun with a single step." The President said he was "hopeful that this nation will promptly approve" the agreement but he acknowledged "there will, of course, he debate in this country and in the Senate." But he made a plea that the debate be constructive, for he said a "document which may mark an historic and constructive 'Opportunity for the world deserves an historic and constructive debate." Cold Front Moves til;/ llf .IsvfH'ia/i (i I'rcss) A massive cold front pushing south from Canada eased sultry temperatures from the Rockies to the Central Plains today. The cold front was accompanied by widespread thundershowcrs (hat dropped up to an inch of rain in several areas from northern Colorado to Minnesota. The temperature dropped considerably in some places as the cooler air moved in. Readings were as much as 20 degrees cooler. At Chadron, Neb., it was 61 compared with a S3 lecorderi 24 hours earlier. Senate Democrats Count on COP Support for Approval of Treaty WASHINGTON (AP) - Democratic leaders are counting on strong Republican backing lo help win Senate approval of the nuclear lest ban treaty, Bui they don'l intend lo (ry to rush it through. Kennedy Urges Support In his address Friday night urging public support for the agreement, President Kennedy spoke • Indirectly to the Sennle, saying: "I am hopeful thai this nation will promptly approve the limited test ban treaty." The Senate Democratic leader, Mike Mansfield of Montana, promised the Senate would move "as expcdiliously as possible." But in an interview with The Associated Press he added: "This is a very important breakthrough in our efforts lo lessen cold war tensions, and we are not going to Iry lo rush it through. The Senate will be given time lo consider the whole agreement, including the fine print, if any, because the public has the greatest slake in this. Tills will be an open agreement, ojiciily arrived at." Kennedy, too, noled there will be debute "in (he country and in Ihe Scnale. The ConslHulion wisely requires Ihe advice find consent of the Senate lo nil treaties . . . all this is as it should be." Twn-TI'ircls Vole The Moscow agreement banning all nuclear tests except underground must be ratified by a two- thirds vote of Ihe Senate. If all 100 Senators voted it would need (17 ayes—the number of Democrats in the Senate. But al' Democrats may not vote for Hie pact, and Mansfield said Republicans will be Ihe key to ratification, particularly the Senate GOP leader, Everett M. Dirksen, who has wot committed himself. Said Mansfield: "H is my avowed hope Sen, Dirksen and I will be working shmildcr-lo-shoHl- dcr to this one when (lie chips arc down. "And I hnve every confidence in the fairness of the Republicans. I am certain lhat with them, it will not be politics, but what will be Rood for their country." Dirksen stressed the need for care: "Every word and every line and every phrase of the treaty must be carefully examined (or its present and future effect." Hnrrimnn Testifies Monday The committee most dircclly concerned, Senate Foreign Relations, is scheduled lo hear tesli- mouy Monday from Undersecretary of Slale W. Averell Han'i- man, who initialed the agreement for the United States. The Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee and Senate Armed Services Committee also will sit in at the closed session. Mansfield said he counts on llarriman lo remove any doubts lhat U.S. interests arc safeguarded in the treaty. "His experience with the Soviet Union goes back two decades," he said. "He has never yet been laken in by (be Russians and is not being taken in by them now." Sen. John 0, Pastore, D-R.L, chairman of the Atomic Energy Committee, said Kennedy's speech was a good one which "I Ihink will draw public support—' expect tiierc will be a lot of lellcrt to Senators asking them to support the treaty." The Weather Continued partly cloudy, hot and humid today and lomor- row. Warm »nd muggy to- ulghl. Low In Ihe mld-Ws or low 70**. High In the, mid or hlsh M'» Ioday and tomorrow.
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