Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 18, 1936 · Page 40
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 40

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, December 18, 1936
Page 40
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MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, DECEMBER 18 • 1936 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. *V. LEE NEWSPAPER * ' Issued fcverv Week Day by the MASON Cm GLOBE-GAZETTE COMPANY 121-123 East Sulc Street Telephone No. 3800 LEE P. LOOM1S ----- Publisher W. EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOKEM - - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager Entered «* second-class matter April 17. 1S30, ot trie post- oolcc at Mason City. Iowa, undei the act of March 3, 1879. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively en- tilled- to the use for 'publication of all news dispatches credited lo it. or not otherwise credited in this paper, and all local news. MEMBEH. IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des Moincs news and busme£s offices at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Mason City and Clear Lake, Mason City and Clear Lake. by the year ... . . . 57.00 bv the week S .15 OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier ..- S7-00 By mail 6 months ..... SI2.25 j'cr week by carrier ... S .15 By mail 3 months ......51.25 Per year by mail . S4.00 By mail 1 month ..... S .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year-.. $6.00 Six month . S3.35 Three months . $1.15 The F. R. Victory Margin TN their respective state capitals Monday the 531 •^ members of the electoral college cast their ballots by registered mail for Franklin D. Roosevelt and Alfred M. Landon. It was a safe bet that Mr. Roosevelt would garner 523 electoral votes and that Alf M. Landon should receive the 8 votes from Maine and Vermont. This in spite of the fact that new dealers have been urging the electors from Maine and Vermont to make it unanimous for Roosevelt and Garner. Legally and constitutionally speaking, President Roosevelt was not re-elected until after the electoral college cast its vote. Officially the vote for president is not final until congress has reviewed the vote of the electoral college in joint sessUm. The canvass of the popular vote in the 1936 presidential election has been completed in -ill except Rhode Island, where three communities have contested the certifying of official returns because of a voting machine dispute. This result, however, will net disturb the democratic victory. The final return showed a record breaking vote of 4a,812,lD5, with Roosevelt's plurality resting at 11,069,699. The complete returns for the United States are: .Roosevelt 27,751,612 Landon 16,681.913 Others 2,378.630 Lemkc (Union) 091,858 ThomES (Socialist) 187,342. Browder (Communist) 80.181 Colvin (Prohibition) 37,609 Aiken (Social-Labor) '~' 72a Scattering aKd void 163,911 The democratic vote in 1936 was 60.07 per cent as compared to 57.3 per cent in 1932. Republican stock declined from 39.6 points lour years ago to -36.4. In all, the total cast was some si* million more than e> er recorded in iny American election and almost three times as r.iany as cast in 1916. The democratic victory \%.« the largest ever given a presidential jancidate and almost 2 million votes greater than the total which elected Woodrov Wilson in 1916. Interesting is the decline of minor parlies in the 1936 campaign. Only the communist party retained its slender hold on its followers, and me reds cast only three-fourths as many votes in 1936 as they did in i:>32 for their parly candidates. The socialist party slipped to fourth place in the presidential election and polled only slightiy more than one-fifth as many votes as they did in """" """ LOOK OUT ^ BELOW l Glenn Frank has done a fine job of meeting and solving Wisconsin's educational problems but it looks as if the politicians were about to throw him for a loss. Upton Sinclair of EPIC fame announces that he is a cousin of Wally Simpson. But Mrs. Simpson hasn't been heard to boast about it as yet. If you ask us, "The Strange Case of Mrs. Simpson" was really a better first page serial than "The Siege of Madrid." If he persists in calling it Hoover dam, you may be pretty sure he's a rock-ribbed republican. The British press overslept just a little on thai king's romance story. Obviously a trailer is rolling stock rather than real estate. Simile: Out of date as the electoral college. DAILY SCRAP BOOK . .by Scott PROS and CONS REPEAL THE SALES TAX Decorah Public Opinion: We note predictions from some central Iowa newspapers that the com ing legislature will vote to continue the sales tax. We hope this prediction proves to be incorrect. The only state bordering Iowa that has a sales tax is Illinois. Iowa counties along all the remainder of the borders of this state lose considerable retail business because of the sales tax. We believe there is a direct connection between the sales tax and the tremendous increase in business of the isi city mail order houses. Legislators from border counties in Iowa should be especially determined to repeal the sales tax. We are glad to report that both the Winneshiek county's members of the legislature are publicly committed to vote for repeal of this tax, which is doing considerable harm to the retail dealers of this and every other border county in the state, and smaller but important harm to retailers of interior counties. 1932. This MCGREGOR'S FIRE TRAGEDY Elkador Register: Will the horror of it, the realization of how unnecessary it all was prevent the reoccurrence of similar tragedies'/ Will all who learn that, if the reports are correct, it came from pouring kerosene from a can on a fire that previously had been lighted, be careful in the use of that liquid'.' Kerosene and gasoline are useful servants, but they can and often do become flaming destruction when the rules for using them safely are violated. Because they are in such common use, perhaps, their ever-present power to destroy is forgotten. CHECKING ON AN "INVESTMENT" Belmond Independent: During the past summer some smooth tongued fast-talking salesmen approached ten merchants of Belmond on the idea of an outdoor advertising campaign in the form of small signs along the highway to beckon the speeding motorist to their doors. In less than 30 days, nine of the signs had disappeared, entailing a combined loss of S90 to local merchants. This is an obvious example, of which there are many more that go unobserved. TWO GOOD SELECTIONS Cherokee Times: Governor-elect Kraschel is entitled to credit for two good acts, if Des Moines dispatches are to*be relied upon. These state that does not leav n-uch material lor a tnira pariy in Kraschel has announced his intention of reappoint,' 94 X ' " ing Charles B. Murtagh of Algona as comptroUer of In Iowa acf-ordin" to final checks, the Koose-i state and Dr. Walter L. Bierring as state health corn- In Iowa, «(.f,oiam IH iinoi JST 977 lor ' rnissioner. It is to bc hoped the same good judg- velt total vott- was 6-,,ofi, as against lo,,.' m£nt wi]J be apparcnt jn oth er appointments to be Landon, a plurality of 133,-.9. a sizable maum de ]ater _ but appreciably less than the Roosevelt plurality in 1932 Lernke polled only 29,687 votes in Iowa, Browder 506, Colvin 1,182, Thomas 1,373, Aiken 252. Since Civil war days the see-saw of electoral Here and popular vote has shown many reverses, .s '-he recoi'i: Electoral Popular Vote Pet. 1S56 Buchanan (D) 53.7 1360 Lincoln (R) 59.4 1364 Lincoln (R) 90- 9 1363 Grant (R) ' -- 8 . .81.9 ..50.1 . .57.9 . .54.6 . .3S.1 1872 Grant (R) 1876 Hayes '.3.) . 1BSO Garfielc: (R) 1834 Clevelanc (D) 1888 Harrison (R) 1892 Cleveland (D) 1896 McKir.lcy R) 1900 McKinlcy (?.) 1904 Roosevelt CD 1908 Taft (TO 1912 Wilson (D) 1916 Wilson (D> 1920 Harding (K) ............ . 1924 Coolidge (R) 1928 Hoover (R) 1932 Roosevelt (D) ........... 1336 Rooicvelt (D) So the 1936 election belongs 62.4 6"'- :i 71.2 66 - 5 81. ft Vote Pet. 45.3 39.9 55.0 52.6 55.6 47.9 48.3 48.8 47.8 46.0 50.8 51.6 5fi. 4 5!. 5 41.8 49.2 61.0 Webstei WEATHER REPUTATIONS City Freeman-Journal: And now they . o3.6 Ori.l) 88.8 57.:! 98.4 GU.7 to the ages—the recurd of a Roosevelt victory unparalleled in politics. Powers of a King I T'S extremely difficult for Americans to get straight on the place of the king under Britain's- limited monarchy type of government. In Iht "Edit^.-'s Mail Bag" on this page a former subject of the king now living in Mason City tjives a bit of background and concludes, as is our understanding of the matter, that the kingship and the royal family have become mere symbols of the power that once they wielded. Against this, however, is the following presentation of the subject by Norman A. M. MacKenzie, professor of international law at Toronto, taken from a talk by the Canadian authority in Chicago not long since: "The king can by law, without consulting parliament, disband the army, dismiss all the oiiicers dismiss all the sailors; sell all our ships of war'and naval stoic*; make a peace by the sacrifice of Cornwall; begin a war for the cunyucst of Bntany; make every citizen ol the United Kingdom a peer; make every parish a university; dismiss most of the civil servants; pardon all offenders. In a word, the king could by preoga- tive upset all the action of civil government within the government, could disgrace the nation by a bad war or peace and could, by disbanding our forces, sea or land, leave us defenseless." That this grant of power is theoretical, however, rather than real is demonstrated by the fact that Edward VIII has been forced to abdicate to marry a divorced woman. It's all quite confusing. are calling Charles City "The Medicine Hat weather station in Iowa,'' because it usually reports the coldest weather of any place in the state. That is, during the winter, out in the summer Charles City is as hot as any of them. The town will get a bad reputation if it doesn't do something about the weather. A VALUABLE MINNESOTA CITIZEN Fairmont Sentinel: If any Minnesotan deserves an enduring monument from the people of the state it is the late Charles M. Babcock, the man who "pulled Minnesota out of the mud." But there will probably be no monument. Babcock was a mere doer of great things for the people, not a political skyrocket or mountebank. COUNTRY BOY'S VIEWPOINT Sxvea Cily Herald: We boys who did our courting in the conventional way, got our gal and then settled down to the humdrum of existence are somewhat at a loss to understand all this ado over King Edward and Mrs^Wajly Simpson, JOURNALISTIC DISTINCTION Emmons, Minn., Leader: The Leader claims the distinction of being the only Minnesota newspaper that has not announced this year how many shopping days remain until Christmas. Will somebody please say "thanks." SOME OF OUR GOOD FELLOWS Manly Signal: The trouble with some good fellows is that they leave their goodness on the front doorstep when they go home. -frlAK A. RUBBER. BALL COPYRIGHT. I93S. CEf^TRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION "TROOPS lH'fHE. REVOL-irfToH — MU£KE,-T So-LDIERS IMPROVISED W/M>5 FROM HYMNA.LS BROUGHT FROM •THE VILLAGE CHURCH OAMES cHAPLAIM OBSERVING DIET and HEALTH By LOGAN CLENDEXING, M. O. EDITOR'S MAIL BAG H Fish Takes the Count 'AM FISH, a name which alv/ays struck us as being not merely singularly but doubly descriptive of the subject, has done some loud talking about the death of the republican party if John Hamilton is continued at the helm. We have taken no stock in the prediction and it was pleasing to sec the republican national committee give the Kansan a wte of confidence in Chicago Thursday. To do otherwise would have been a base ingratitude. And as for Fish, he did the republican party no rood in the campnign and he's doing it no good now. A BIT OF ENGLISH HISTORY , MASON CITY—Most people know that England is a democracy and that the king and royal family have no voice in the government of the country. Nevertheless the majority of the English people desire the lung and royal family to give pomp and dignity to special functions, and to give an air of superiority to aristocratic social gatherings to which they are Invited. As far as I know the only time the king can make his desires known is in the preparation of the king's speech, but those desires do not have to be acted upon if they are contrary to the policies of the cabinet ministers. The king's speech is the speech prepared by the prime minister and other cabinet ministers collaboration with the king, and is delivered by the king, or in his absence by the lord chancellor at Ihc opening or closing of a parliamentary session. The first king's speech was delivered by Henry I in A. D. 1107. Beginning with the reign of Henry VIII all English monarchs have had conferred on them the title "Defender of the Faith." This title was originally conferred by Pope Leo X, then withdrawn, and afterwards reconferred by parliament. At the present time the English government embraces the Church of England, and it is that faith which the English king must defend. The rites of the Church of England are very set and definite. The marriage vows are "Until Death Do Us Part." Divorce is not sanctioned by the church which the Icing is pledged to defend. There is a saying in England that the king can do no wrong, but Edward VIII found out the fallacy of this when he wanted to marry a divorcee and still remain king. I do not think that the English government, Stanley Baldwin, the archbishop of Canterbury or the English people had any objection to Mrs. Simpson because she was an American, nor did they have any objection to a morganatic marriage, but the very tncl thai she was a divorcee with ex-husbands still living, made her ineligible to be the consort of a king of England. ALBERT E. BOWER. BEASTS PREPARE FOR WINTER'S NAP I T WON'T be long now before we hear the recitation of the old people who will settle themselves for a long winter nap. I suppose we sleep a little more in the winter than we do in the summer, but if so it is anatomic from our animal friends, the real hibernaters—bears, marmots, skunks, badgers, raccoons, chipmunks and gophers. I used to see some of these animals in a laboratory where one of my zoological teachers was experimenting. He could arrange temperature conditions and other matters so he could induce hibernation in"the animal any time he wanted; also wake him up. He would feed a gopher for two or three weeks until he was chuckful, then he would put him into a refrigerated room with the proper kind of a box for him to curl up in, and there he would go. His breathing became so faint that you could hardly notice it. Sometimes he would not take a breath for four or five minutes at a time. The heart Or Clendenm* slowed down, and all the functions of elimination ceased. The temperature went down to about half of normal. When he wanted to wake him up, be would gradually bring the temperature up and let some 'resh air into the room, and after while the little fellow would sort of shake himself all over like a mild convulsion and begin to breathe, get up and yawn, and immediately look for some food. It was almost impossible to wake up the first two or hree days after he went to sleep, no matter what .emperature changes you rang in on him. You could roll him across the floor and tousle h) v a up jut you would get no response. Hibernation is a most peculiar sort of condition n that all vital processes seem to bo completely suspended. The female polar bear usually has her annual set of cubs during her hibernation. They are two months old before she wakes up. In "Science News Letter" is an account of human hibernation. It is told by Prof. Sergius Mor- julis, of the University of Nebraska college of med- cine. The Russian peasants in famine times used ,o resort to this hibernation-sleep. They, would huddle together on the tops of their large fiat stoves jy families, even by villages. They would cover ^hemselves up with all the fur coals and blankets available, and snuggling up to each other, they conserved their life energies as much i,j possible. With only a few unavoidable interruptions- thev would sleep away the winter. So if you tend to demand eight or nine hours these nigh Is instead of your customary seven, don't get worried about it, but blame it on the season. EARLIER DAYS FROM GLOBU-GAtiETXE FILES Thirty Years Ago — ira Knapp has returned from a few days business visit if. Missouri. O. T. Eenison, G. W. Rowland and Richard Valentine are visiting in Chicago. Mrs. Harry Wellington of Minneapolis is visiting in the city for a few days. Mr. and Mrs. Ed Sterling of Parkersburg returned home today following a visit in the city. Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Howe and their two granddaughters are spending the holidays with relatives in Minneapolis. W. L. Ray left last night for a business trip at Chicago. Twenty Years Ago— LONDON—The peace note of the central powers was handed to the British government today by Walter H. Page, American ambassador. DES MOINES—Gov. George W. Clarke has been elected to and has accepted the position of dean of the college of law at Drake university in Des Moines. Dr. G. E. Dienst of Aurora, 111., visited friends in the city over the week-end. Dorothy Marston and Vera Smith arrived from Rockford, 111., where they are attending school, yesterday to spend the holidays with their parents in the city. L. H. Figge of Waterloo visited in the city yes- terdy. Ten Years Ago— Students home for the holidays include the following from Iowa State college at Ames: John Boyd, Kenneth Mitchell, Kenneth Waughtal, Carl Barclay, Norman Arquette; Drake: Ben Allison and Bill Hynds; Iowa State Teachers: Irene Miller and Cora Bauraan; Cornell college: George Barbour; GrinneJl: John Witwer, Draper Long, Willis Patton, Dorothy Westfall and Aileen Beck; Park college: Craig Kent and Katherine Kearns; Carleton college: Eleanor Gildner, Mary Barton and Jean Mickey; Rosary college for girls, Chicago: Helen Bliss; University of Minnesota: Leroy Buche, Leslie Adams and Elaine Elliot; Art Institute, Chicago: William Baird; Rockford Woman's college, Rockford, 111'.: Gretchen Bickel; University of Illinois: Frances Oc- Sart, Clark Maddy, Neva Bowling and John Cookman; University tL Wisconsin: Gerald and. Edwin Crofoot, Jack Gai'man and Herbert Grupp; Coe college: Leon Bell and Edward Christiansen; Vermillion college, South Dakota: Lawrence C-ilruth; South Dakota School of Mines: Orville Taylor, and Milwau- i kee Downer college: Evelyn Fallows. Detroit Takes Action Against "Trailervilles" am thinking of a situation ^recently developed in De- *"troit as the best example known to me of how laws and ordinances are likely to lag behind the conditions they are supposed to control. In this automobile capital of the world, council action has just been taken to "Trailervilles"—villages made up of automobile trailers— to vacate all parking spaces. The claim is that these motored homes are in fact residences and, as such, not sanitary for either their occupants or other residents. Owners of parking spaces will fight the order on the ground that they have the right to rent their property lor any purpose they consider advisable. Mrs. Pauline Gardner, upon whose lot 12 trailers are parked with the apparent plan of staying some time, declares that most of the trailers are in winter quarters there and that she considers the trailer homes more sanitary than many apartments -used for residence purposes. of the city of Detroit against the trailers will be watched with interest by the entire country. The people of the United States are waking up to the knowledge that the nomads of the motor car have raised new problems demanding solution. —o— Movies' Smart Man Gets Dates Mixed am indebted to Jimmie & Fidler, Hollywood radio astonisher, for the information that on March 4 the movie director named Van Dyke will be at the side of his personal friend, Franklin D. Roosevelt, on the occasion of his secorid inauguration. The newspapers of America for nearly four years have been giving Jan. 20 as the date of this i second inauguration but if the ! claims about this commentator's speed and accuracy are well- founded, they've been wrong all this time. Incidentally, I don't have any idea at all that this department is the first to direct attention to this monumental boner. —o— Patience We Have Only a Little of These Days haven't heard •; more pertinent commentary on our times than one uttered not so long ago by a Mason City preacher, as follows: , '•We used to be content to wait all forenoon for a train in some crossroads station: now we kick if we miss one section of a revolving door." QUESTIONS FROM READERS J. K,: "What is the outlook and what is the treatment for alopecia areata?" Answer: Alopecia areata is more easily cured in young people than in older people. When the baldness remains in patches the outlook is better than if it becomes universal. The best treatment is by building up the body by tonics, and stimulation of the scalp by ultraviolet rays. This does not apply to ordinary baldness, but that peculiar patchy form which is known as alopecia areata. TOMORROW B.v CLARK KINNAlty Notable Births—Ford Cuthbert Frick, b. 1894 in Indiana, president of the National baseball league . . . Gerald P. Nye, b. 1392, senator from North Da- kola . . . F. H. Fljozdahl, b. 1868, in Iceland, longtime president of the Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way (Railroad) Employes . . . Fritz Reiner, b. 1888, orchestra conductor. Dec. 19,- 1606—Captain Christopher Newport, commanding three ships, ordered sails hoisted, and they sailed away from London with 105 emigrants for the new land in the west. The expedition which established the F. F. V.—first families of Virginia —was an emergency unemployment relief measure. King Jam3S I, harrassed by large numbers of restless soldiers left jobless after the long wars with France, eagerly backed a scheme of the London company to put some of them to work planting settlements in America. Dec. 19, 1800—John Jay refused to become chief justice of the supreme court of the U. S. Dec. 19, 1924—William Green was elected president of American Federation of Labor. ONE MINUTE PULPIT—But if ye bite and devour, one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.—Galatians, 5:15. ALL OF US By MARSHALL, MASL1N Safety Practices to Bc Taught in Schools have just finished thumbing through a copy of an ambitious book prepared for use in the public schools of Iowa by. Ed ward F. Murray, chief examiner of the state motor vehicle department, and H. W. Carmichael, supervisor of trade and industrial education for the state board for vocational education. Hand signaling and- other driving habits- essential to safety on streets and highways are illustrated with full page drawings. All in all, the book is one of the finest contributions yet made to the highway safety cause in. Iowa and I sincerely hope it may have * universal use in classrooms. On the inside of the eata cover page is this summing up of the rules of the road: "Always Iirep to the rir*t ilde «f tfce highway. ' "Slop at all arterial hffhwari b*f*r« entering upon the main roadway, "AH arterial hlihway traffic ha« the rijht-of-way. "You must operate a motor vehicle at such speeds that you have your car under control al all times. "All vehicles must fci equipped -ritk suitable lithlint and ii[nallll)r equipment. "Vehicles approaching from the rlxht have rijht-of-way at Intersections (except at arterial highways). "An operator of a motor vehicle must signal, using standard hand slssal* upon making a left or right turn, alowing down, or parking. "You must reduce speed when approaching or passing a person walking In fbe traveled portion of a public highway; when approaching or passing an animal which is being ltd, driven, or ridden upon a. public hichway; when approaching and crossing an intersection of public highways, or a bridge, turn, sharp «urv«, or a steep descent. "It Is Illegal to past a vehicle on an intersection, curve, or a hill, or where the view is obstructed. "Anyone who la found guilty of driving a car while intoxicated is subject to fine or imprisonment, or both, and revocation of license. "Never park your car or thn highway. Always park on the shoul^-r. "Never leave your car parked during hours of dusk or darkness without lights. "It is against the law to leave a car unattended with the motor running. Pedestrians should always walk on lh« left hand side of th« highway facing traffic. "Obey all traffic >Ign« and ilgnaln." Los Angeles Builds New Type of School shall be interested in the ^ results obtained in Los Angeles' current experiment in building a school of fabricated glass and steel units. Doors of glass and tubular steel slide back at a touch and class tables and chairs may be moved outdoors. The building has no inside corridors, no stairways, and nn screwed down desks. The cost of the school was about $38,000 and it is earthquake resistant. Answers to Questions By FREDERIC J. HASK1.V PLEASE NOTE—A reader can let the answer to *ny question »f fmct by writinc the ,'Jmon City Globr-Gizcltc's Information Bureau, Frederic 4T. Haskin Director. Wishintton. I>. C. Please send three (3) cents t>otlu:< for rcclr. THIS ROBERTAYLOR BUSINESS I 'M BEGINNING to think I do not understand women. I mean I do not understand them in the mass . . . Individually, I do well enough. That is, well enough for my fumbling purposes and peace of mind. I take the same stupid mistakes that the average male does, suffer as much afterwards, swear as earnestly to have a little sense hereafter. And when 1 don't understand, sometimes I have sense enough to keep my mouth shut. But what I'm getting at, what puzzles me, what I'm coming to eventually is this Robertaylor business . . . What I can't understand is how a young fellow like that, particularly Robert Taylor, can get so many millions of women everywhere in the land twittering and fluttering over him. That gets me! And I'll bet it gets Robert, too. 1 saw him once at a football game. I mean 3 saw the back of his neck and it looked all right . . . The poor guy had to sit on the players' bench to get away from the hordes of young tilings that would have stared at him and cried for autographs or a smile or a kind word ... He didn't even turn around once. Didn't dare, I guess. I've spoken of this situation to a couple of young ladies. Sort of-casually remarked, "What do you think of Robert Taylor?" . . . Each time i lit a bonfire in their eyes and they cried, "Oh, he's the handsomest thing!" ... So I 'tallied of something else right away. (You understand, of course, that I'm not jealous. After all, I'm 41 and my hair is gray and my ears stick out and my nose is pointed and I perspire when I'm embarrassed and I never did have any devastating charm ... So I'm taking a purely scientifically detached attitude toward young Mr. Taylor. You understand that.) From my point of view, he's just "a good looking guy." I've seen lots of other fellows that look just as handsome to me. And personally, if I were a woman, I'd pick Henry Fonda or Gary Cooper . . . But somehow or other, it's Robert Taylor that catches the eye, and makes the pulse beat like the dickens, and gats all the little girls writing for his picture and spending Saturday afternoons indoors ooh-ing and ah-ing. So I give up ... It's just one more thing that I don't understand.., , What man does? How are nut meats preserved by canning? W. G. Nut meats may be canned in glass fruit jars and prepared in a water bath cr.nner as follows: Fill the jars with nut meals, adjusting but not tightening the glass lids and rubbers. Set the jars in either a clothes boiler or large kettle with a rack on the bottom. Use enough water to reach almost to the top and boil for 15 or 20 minutes. Then seal the jars leaving them in the water until it begins to cool. Store in a dark room and the process-id meats will keep fresh even in hot weather. Was "The Importance of Being- Earnest" written before or after Wilde's imprisonment? E. W. The play was written in 189!). shortly before the author's trial and imprisonment. It was the last play that he \\TOLC. Have astrologers predicted war and drought for next year? D. E. Astrology predictions for 1937 do not include- a disastrous drought for this country or a general war in Europe. Does Helen Hayes' dauffhter go to school? E. M. Mary Hayes MacArthur, 6. attends the Dwight school in Englewood, N. J. What are some of the marks on very early English silver? H. L. On every silver article of English make subsequent to 1300 (except some very small objects) there should be one of the following marks: the leopard's head, the worker's or maker's mark, the annual letter, the lion passant, the lien's head erased and the figure of Britannia, or the Sovereign's head. Are as many as half of the automobiles sold in this country sold on the deferred payment plan? | B. S. j Credit agencies state at least 15,000,000 of the 25,000,000 molor vehicles on the streets and highways of the United States were sold through sales-financing plans. With what actress did the late Thelma Todd often play? O. S. Patsy Kelly. Who originated Christmas savings clubs? H. T. Herbert F. Rawll, 26 years ago. He is foundc'x and president of Christmas club, a corporation. How old is Leon Trotsky? T. G. Born in "-879 in South Russia. At 20 be was exiled to Siberia, escaping in his third year of his four year sentence. In 1907 he went to London, thence to Vienna, Paris, Spain, and the United States. He left New York for Russia in 1917, in March. How did the practice .of taking straw votes or polls in political | campaigns originate? S. V. There is no authentic record of! the first. The practice doubtless' jjrew out of the desire of party leaders to get a line on the pros- pective vote at an election, and is as old as party organization. A poll made by party workers is in effect a. straw vote. What proportion of the people in this country wear spectacles or eye-glasses? B. W. About one of every five. Do people still buy snuff? H. W. In 1935 sales of the three principal snuff-manufacturing companies totaled more than $3,000,000. How tall is Martinclli? H. G. Giovanni Martinelli is 5 feet 8 inches in height and weighs 198 pounds. What is the longest trip ever taken by a XI. S. president? C. K. President Roosevelt's South American trip will be the longest ever made by a president. What is a Gold Star mother? H. J. The GoM Star Mothers association defines such a mother as o:;e whose son was lulled overseas during the World war or who was lulled on the sea while serving in the war. How many libraries in TJ. S.T The Library directory lists 9,212. SOUTH AMERICA North and South America are neighbors of the nearest and friendliest type. They are close together geographically and diplomatically. They share the same name, and enjoy in common the benefits of the Panama canal. In recent years radio and airplane- have brought them into even closer proximity. But what do we of North America know about our southern neighbors? Are we familiar with their locations, climate, resources, cities, rivers and mountains? The map of South America will give a clearer knowledge of our southern neighbor. It is in colors, 21 by 28 inches in size, acd its reverse side is a condensed atlas replete with vital geographical and commercial statistics. Enclose 10 cents for cost and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haksin, director, Washington, D. C. I enclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the map of South America, Name Street City . State (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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