The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on July 23, 1963 · Page 6
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 6

North Adams, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Tuesday, July 23, 1963
Page 6
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SIX THE NORTH ADAMS. MASSACHUSETTS. TRANSCRIPT TUESDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 23, 1963 transcript Founded 1143 Publithed By Thf Trontcripl Publishing Auociation A UauachuteUt Trutt Tru»t»«i: Jim»t A, H«rdm»n. Jr., Rob.H Htrdnun, E4wwd H.€*dtby Editor, J«m*( A, Hardman, Jr. Bufincit Manager, Robert Hardman Managing Editor, Philip A. L»e Editorial Seat Belts Save Lives Not too many yeara ago members of the Bay State Legislature waged hot debate over a proposal that installation of shatter-proof safety glass in the windshields of automobiles should be a requirement. The proposal was sparked by the insistence of doctors and insurance groups that broken glass had resulted in severe injuries in many accidents that otherwise would have been minor mishaps. There was intensive lobbying against the idea, with much of the opposition relying on the argument that the requirement would add unnecessarily to the cost of auto- mobilcr Today safety glass in automobiles is taken for granted, and nobody counts the cost. There have been echoes of the safety glass arguments during current debate in the Legislature over a bill that would make the installation of seat belts mandatory in all new cars, beginning with the 1964 models. The bill has been approved by the House but the Senate— while approving it — yesterday added amendments that may be unacceptable to the House in what looks like a devious attempt to scuttle the whole bill. It is hard to find any justification in the arguments presented by those opposed to a step clearly aimed at reducing the fearful highway accident toll. The most charitable explanation, perhaps, is that opponents have no clear understanding of the measure, or of the nature of seat belts. On the other hand, the evidence in favor seems beyond challenge and has the merit of being based largely on careful research by competent authorities. A recurring note sounded by the opposition — reminiscent of the safety glass debates — places emphasis on the §15 to $20 that car owners would be obliged to pay for installation of seat belts. Boiled to its essentials, this argument would seem to balance a few extra dollars and cents against the value of a human life — and decides that the monetary consideration should be uppermost. It is doubtful that any legislator really means to be so callous or cynical. Opposition to the measure also suggests that s>;at belts could trap occupants in a car — but offers no facts to bolster this contention. The American Medical Assn., on the other hand, has found that "an immense amount of scientific research, including actual collisions under controlled conditions, proves that the seat belt is tba most effective item of equipment now available to reduce the toll of accident injuries and death." The AMA also has stressed that "thousands of lives are lost each year because people are thrown against windshields or out of car doors in crashes." Another argument presented against the seat belt law is that it might have the psychological effect of influencing drivers to take unnecessary risks. The flaw in this theory is that there have been no indications, judging from the highway accident record, that drivers without seat belts exercise more than normal care. After all, proponents of seat belts do not argue that such installations would present or eliminate accidents. The important point is that this precaution, while it would not decrease accidents, would certainly tend to lessen the likelihood of serious injury or death. It is high time the legislators stopped kicking this bill around, trying to kill it while paying lip service to the seat belt principle. Something must be done to reduce highway mortality, and there is no sound reason for believing seat belts would not aid in that direction. Only Yesterday Barber Shop Made Bus Station; Fumento Had First Novel Published 30 Yean Ago Raymond Dunlop, 3, son of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond G. Dunlop of 23 Earth St., was cut about the head antl knocked unconscious •when he fel! from the moving automobile of Frank H. Alderman of 109 Winler St. in the Zylonite section of Adams. * * * The Rev. P. H. Gaulhler, pastor of the Holy Family Church in Greylock for the past eighl and one-half years, was transferred to Assumption Church in Chicopee. * * <» James J. Dougherty of 44 Bradford St., electrician employed at the Brown Street plant of the North Adams Gas Co. was burned about Ihe face and one arm during an electric storm by copper that nielled from a connection. * * * 20 Years Ago Miss Josephine Bloniarz, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Anlhony Bloniarz of Hoosac St., Adams, was one of six in a class of 126 The Transcript welcomes letters from its readers. Its columns are always open lo the free expression of opinions o.i any matters of public interest or concern. It is suggested thai short lellers are the most effective, and communications, particularly lengthy ones, are subject lo condensalion. Statements which are considered libelous cannot be printed. All letters should be signed for publication. lo be graduated with high honors from Bay Palh Institute in Commerce in Springfield. * * « The former barber shop in the Wellington Hotel was being renovated to provide a waiting station for patrons of Ihe Berkshire Slreet Railway Co. buses. William H. Marley was superintendent of the Northern Berkshire division. * *, « Miss Claire Ricke, daughter of , Mrs. Beth Gosselin of 395 Union St., U. S. Nnvy WAVE, left for training al Hunler College. She had been employed in Ihe shipping office of the Windsor Print Works. « * * 10 Years Ago Leon Podolsky of Pitlsfield, lechnical assislanl to the president of the Sprague Electric Co. was named, chairman of a new committee in the field of electronic components, sectional committee C83 in Ihe communications division of the ASA Eleclrical Slandards Board. * * * Mrs. Margaret Slark of 7 East SI., Adams, was named to an elementary school teaching position In Adams to fill the vacancy caaied by the resignation of Louis Clolkowski. Mrs. PauSir* Ross o( 19 B St., Adams, was renamed to a part-time teaching post in Ihe C. T. Plunkett Junior High, School. * * * Rocco Fumento, 30 of 307 River SI., World War II veteran, had his first novel accepted by the McGraw Hill Publishing Co. It was "Devil by the Tail." Inside Report Rep. Gerald Ford Is Logical Team Mate for Barry By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK WASHINGTON —Hep. Gerald Ford, the handsome ex-football itar from Michigan, is the winter book choice for the Republican Vice-Presidential nomination if Sen. Barry Gotdwaler wins Ihe top spot. It makes sense, Though he would give the ticket some balance by exuding a more moderate image than Goldwater, Ford is still conservative enough to get along with Ihe Arizonan, In fact, the two are personal friends and occasional golfing companions. But Ford faces the same nasty dilemma as Goldwater: if nominated and then defeated by the Kennedy-Johnson tickel, each would !ose his seal in Congress. That would be particularly hard to lake for Ford, now in line lo be the next House Republican leader. Republican National Chairman William Miller, also seriously mentioned as a running mate with Goldwater, would have no such problem. Miller, an upstate New York congressman, plans to retire from politics next year anyway. As an Easterner and a Catholic, he brings even better balance to Ihe ticket than Ford, * * * THANKS TO jowerful pals in Congress, a soft-spoken Southerner named John Home will stay on as the business-like, non-partisan head of the Small Business Adminislralion — for the lime being at least. Home has tried to dole.out SBA loans without regard to politics, ignoring recommendations from While House aides in a few instances. This may explain why Home was informed by a Presidential assislanl recently that his days al SBA were nearing an end. He was to be shuttled off to the obscurity of a seat on the Federal Home Loan Bank board. Administration sources promptly spread the rumor that a Negro was about to replace Home at SBA. After this trial balloon was shot down, it appeared that orne was to be replaced by Benjamin A. Smith II, President Kennedy's oldHarvardroommatewho kepi the Kennedys' Senate seat warm during the two-year interval between JFK and Teddy. U was then that Capitol Hill intervened for Home, an old friend from his days as assistant to Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama. On July 13, Rep. Joe Evins of Tennessee, chairman of Ihe House Small Business Committee, fired off a letter to the President. "I want you U> know that many of your friends on the Hill . . . feel that he (Home) has proven to be an able administrator who is a real asset and credit to you and your administration and is doing an effective job for small business," wrote Evins. If Horn* is removed from his job, Evins added pointedly, "the aclton will be questioned Ihroughout the country and explanations required." • Sen. Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, a fervent champion of small business, was next to com* to hat for Home. Al a weekly White House breakfast between the President and legislative leaders, Humphrey urged Mr. Kennedy to retain Home at SBA. As a result, plans for a major shuffle have been placed in the White House deep freeze. * # + SEN. JACOB JAVITS, the liberal Republican from New York, has made it clear he would be appalled if Barry Goldwaler is nominated for the presidency. Not so big brother Benjamin Javit, a New York City lawyer and president of Ihe Uniled Shareholders of America. During his brother's recent vis- il lo Washington, Sen. Javils arranged for him to visit S«n. Gold- waler. The results: Goldwater charmed brother Ben's socks off. "Amazing as it may seem to Ihose who are of the opinion that the senator's (Goldwater's) views are too far over to the Right," Ben enlhused in his United Shareholders newsletter, "I must say that he is solidly 'right-minded— in the sense lhat he is not too far Right, He stands for what is best for the American people without regard to politics or partisanship." English Lessons By W. L. GORDON Words often misused: The word develop means lo unfold gradually, while expose means lo lay open to any influence or action. "Testimony of witnesses developed these facts." "He was reluctant to expose his secrels." Often mispronounced: Desuetude. Pronounce dess-we-tyud, accent first syllable. Often misspelled: Feign (pretend). Fain (pleased). Fane (temple). Synonyms: Politic, artful, crafty, cunning, diplomatic, prudent, sagacious, shrewd, wily. Word study: "Use a word three limes and it Is yours." Let us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each day. Today's word: Insolvency; bankruptcy. "The company auditor warned the officials of approaching insolvency." Small World How to Think About World Affairs AT THE TWO-DAY conference I attended at the Department of State in Washington several weeks ago, three topics kept coming to the fore in the discussions we had with the President, the Secretary of State and his assistants. They were: the United Nations, disarmament and a nu- •clear test ban, civil rights. Other topics and considerations kept leading us back to these. The decisions of the United States government, based on the fullest possible study and the use of all the resources at the command of our leaders, boils down to this: 1: The United Nations, despite its imperfections, is of vital use and benefit to our government and people as it is to all governments and people who want a peaceful world under law. 2. Our government has long since committed itself to a policy of disarmament protected by whatever inspection may be necessary to assure safety. A ban on nuclear testing could be a first step toward disarmament. 3. Nothing damages our prestige and influence abroad so much as evidence of racial discrimination and strife here at home. We cannot conduct a dignified and strong foreign policy while the world press is full of our failure to solve this problem. * * * THESE ARE basic positions, deserving the support of us all. Yet the work of our own government is constantly hampered and hamstrung by the refusal of some of our own citizens to support its basic policy. The refusal, no matter what its purpose, gives aid and comfort to our opponents. It is generally based on three major faults. 1. Faulty logic. If we had all been made to study logic in school as we should be, we would know that logic is based on three kinds of inference, each of which can By BRADFORD SMITH easily b* misused. (The three kinds: analogy, induction which goes from particular to universal, and deduction which goes from universal to particular.) Each inference has to combine two premises in order to reach a conclusion. (Example: All killing Is evil. War involves killing. War is evil.) But inference is all too often faultily used. Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury. Hiss was in the State Department. Therefore the Stale Department is suspect. For one Hiss, there are thousands of loyal Americans working the Department. Years ago I knew a minister who got involved with women, was exposed and discharged from his church, No one concluded: 1. that ministers are a dangerous lot, 2. that since churches employ ministers they ought to be abolished, or 3, that it would be belter to give up cliurch-going. Another logical fault is jump- Ing to the conclusion that an effect is really a cause. The causes of world unrest, for example, are found in the grinding poverty, unemployment, malnutrition and ignorance of the world population. One effect has been the emergence of Communism. If Marx had never lived, some such response to the worlds misery would have occurred. Too often we seek a scape- goal in order to avoid facing the real social and economic causes of our difficulty. By directing our attention to real causes, we can also overcome their undesirable effects. * + + 2, FAULTY "PSYCHOLOGIC." Since the causes of world unrest are often complicated, deeply rooted and difficult lo deal with, it is a temptation to simplify them, The simplifying involves self-delusion of several kinds. On« is paranoia, expecially the feeling of being persecuted. "We" are the good guys. "They," the bad guys, And By the Way— Housing for Hornets 8y MAYNARD LEAHEY are after us. If only we could destroy them, our troubles would be over. This is a particularly dangerous frame of mind to get into, because it can go on until il causes real trouble for the individual, and until he is unable to see facts as they really are. In his view, everyone else is out of step. Logical discourse and discussion with such a person becomes impossible. 3. Faulty history. World events are rooted in social political and economic processes which can be studied and understood. Since this requires time and training, it is easier lo ignore them. We could all benefit from a clear understanding of two major currents in American history. One is reactionary. In various eras it has included the "Know-nothings," approval of slavery, attacks on the Free Masons, the Cattxdics, the Jews, the Irish, and just about every other minority. One of its latest outcroppings was McCarthyism. It is noisy for a while, but eventually overcome by the other current of civil liberties. From the Bill of Rights through anti-slavery and women's suffrage to the present effort to apply the guarantees of the Constitution to our Negro citizens, this has been the true current. It has won out in the past and will again. # * * WHEN WE HEAR attacks against the United Nations, against disarmament, against civ- vil rights — all firmly approved by our government — let us look at the logic, the psychologic and the historic perspective of the attacker. Let us not be confused by little things and thus lose sight of our main objectives. It was Khrushchev, not Kennedy, who tried to wreck the UN. Why should any loyal American be helping him, when the UN's usefulness to free world policy has been proven over and again? Letters to the Transcript Why Gas Tax Boost? Editor of. The Transcript: According to news reports of Governor Peabody's recent press conferences, Massachusetts highway users are threatened with a one-cent a gallon increase in the state tax on gasoline. This, of course, would extract another $55 million a year from the motorists to be added to the more than $300 millions they already are paying each year in special stale and federal taxes and fees. This is extremely disturbing to the highway users and not simply because no one really likes to pay additional taxes. The highway users are extremely disturbed because no one has bothered lo disclose (a) exactly how current highway user revenues are being expended, and (b) just how it is proposed to spend the additional $15 million. They also are disturbed about the continuing investigations by federal and state agencies into the administration of the highway program in Massachusetts, and the withholding by the federal government of millions of dollars in federal highway aid. There are many questions to be answered before Massachusetts highway users will look kindly on any proposal to increase existing gasoline taxes. By the same token, it should be made clear that highway users have supported the expanded road program from the beginning. They have been the sole contributors to the Federal Highway Trust Fund, and have paid the lion's share of highway costs on the state and local levels. They will continue to support the program and want it kept on schedule. But if they must pay more taxes — they want to know why. E. GERRY MANSFIELD Chairman, Massachusetts Highway Users Conference, Boston. Hal Boyle 'After Dinner After Supper NEW YORK (AP)- .Jumping lo conclusions: The world's biggest' bores are people who want to play Indian hand wrestling after the third drink to show how strong they are. I always want to break their elbows with a hammer. Life Li never quite perfect. No matter how wonderful the food at a banquet is, a fellow can always manage to gel some of il stuck in his upper plate. # « * Nothing is more lonesome than a man setting out after 40 lo look for his first real fun in life. T have never met a woman who could accurately describe the color beige to me—and yet that is the color women seem to talk about most. There is nothing more anonymous than a freckle on a crowd- sd beacli. It used to be a sign of a misspent youth if .a man played too good a game of pool in maturity, The biggest sign of dissipation today is the wearing of dork sunglasses In cocktail lounges. You're too old to buy a motorcycle if you no longer know » pretty girl willing to ride behind you on the buddy seal. For some reason more people Williamstown Needs A Law on Parking Editor of The Transcript: In reading about the desire of the Williamslown "Town Fathers" to protect the property owners through zoning from invasion of privacy and lowering of property values, it occurs to me that there is one glaring omission in the rules governing the town. That is a law about parking in a residential area for 24 hours a day. As it is now, garbage trucks or anyone may park for as long as they please, the whole length of one's house, and prevent the owner from enjoying his flowers, having a place for his own guests, or even taking care of his lawn. We who were among the first to build in the Haley development were fortunate in having a builder as decent as Mr. Haley build most of the houses around. He observed the unwritten code of ethics, the little niceties, and the courtesy of never parking his trucks in front of houses already finished, but not all truck men or carpenters are as courteous. Always in every group there is one bully who, in finding a person who is particularly vulnerable through a distate for litter and noise, will take advantage of the town's failure to provide the home owner with any protection in the way of parking laws. If everyone were rude and discourteous in a sub-division or development where the houses are close together, the parking situation would be absolutely chaotic. Fortunately, most residents observe and respect the rights of others and of normal good behavior. It's one more phase of living where the "Golden Rule" should be followed by those of every faith. RUBY K .MORSE, 5 Ml. Williams Dr, WilliamsUwn Nap Awhile, Walk a Mile' are willing to lend money to a near-sighted fellow than lo one who has 20-20 vision. What the average high-priced modern hotel room needs is fewer reproductions of Picasso paintings and more hooks in the closet on which a fellow can hang his trousers, * * + One ot the best health hints I ever heard of is the old proverb, "after dinner nap a while, after supper walk a mile." Any man who spends more than one day a month betl'inK at a racetrack is (1) a bachelor, (2) has an unhappy home life, or (3) is married lo a gambling woman. A modem wife is no longer completely essential to her husband the day he learns how to operate the eleclric can opener all by himself. The mosl widely spoken foreign language in America Is English— and It gels more foreign every year. An optimist Is a guy who open* every letter, shakes it—nnd waiti for « check to fall out. Some things you have to take on faith. That's why there Is ao much fine print In the average lease. Would Tax Trucks Editor of The Transcript: I would like to suggest to Governor Peabody that he exhaust all other sources of highway revenue be'ore imposing another half- cent-a-gallon increase on the gasoline tax. One of the greatest untapped sources of revenue for highways is the trucks which make travel on Uie stale highways unsafe for the passenger cars, which cause us to spend' millions in maintenance to repair the damage they have done, which require that roads be built more substantially and more expensively than they would otherwise have to be built, and which cause traffic tieups in cities when they insist on special parking and loading privileges. Studies on the use of Massachusetts state highways, made by civil engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, are revealing in this -natter. These studies show that, while trucks consume a great deal of gas, (hereby paying substantial sums in gasoline taxes, more than 80 per cent of the gasoline tax revenue comes from the pockets of the users of passenger cars, And the studies also show that the damage done to stale highways by trucks, particularly those trucks which are overloeaded, is greatly out of proportion to the gasoline revenue derived from the trucks. We all appreciate that trucks perform a valuable economic service, but this does not mean that they should not pay a higher cost for the privilege of using roads as a means of making money. Massachusetts is one of the few, if not the only stale, lhal does nol impose a ton-mile lax on big tractor-trailers. Though we are coustantl> critical of railroads it must be said in their defense that they maintain Iheir own roadbeds and signal systems. These are tremendous expenditures that trucks shift largely to the owners of passenger cars and to real estate taxpayers of cities and towns. Toll roads are more realistic in their view of the impact trucks have on highways than is our state government. Passenger cart pay $2.45 to use the Massachusetti Turnpike while R big truck or bus pays $6.50 for the same trip. I would further suggest that gasoline pricing be vested with the same public interest as commodities whose rales and prices arc presently regulated by the state Department of Public Utilities. It is obvious to everyone that the automobile lias put a lot of transit companies out of business and has thus rendered many of the auto-less people without transportation. Nevertheless, the Department of Public Utilities still regulates the fares of bus companies Imt has done nothing for the consumer of gasoline. PETER G .ABLOS, PilLstield North Adams Skies Tuesday, July 23 Sunset today, 8:24 p.m. Sunrise tomorrow, 5:35 a.m. Moonsel tonight, 10:24 p.m. First Quarter, July 28. Prominent Start Antares, due south, 9:13 p.m.. Vega, high overhead, 11:21 p.m. Altair, hiftli in.south, 12:34 a.m. Dcneb, high overhead, 1:29 a.m. THERE WAS some debate as lo whether they were hornets, wasps, or jusl plain bees, but it didn't really matter. The salient fact was that there Ihey were, constructing a housing development in the shrubbery, and the more important question was whether to ignore them or to institute eviction proceedings at once. It might have been easy to ignore them If they had located in some more remote corner of the premises. Unfortunately, they not only were setting up housekeeping, — or hivekeeping, if you pre( er _ within less than arm's length of the lawnmowing area, but also in a shurb that already was overdue for barbering. This presented the constant probability that (heir tempers would be ruffled by the din of the power mower at their doorstep, as it were, or by having their quarters jostled by a clumsy shoulder, * * * SO, in spile of a strong disposition toward ignoring them, the conviction became equally strong that a relocation project was in order. Beyond that point, however, there was no unanimity of opinion. The mice who once proposed to bell the cat had no problem whatever, compared lo the human conferees who were trying to determine the best method for banishing the bees. In the early stages of the deliberations, one impulsive soul was on the point of balling the hive from its moorings with a long rake. Indeed, he already had assumed his stance in the batter's box, so to speak, when certain memories arose to deter him. He recalled that his lifetime batting average during his baseball-playing days was a none-too-respectable .069, and that he had been addicted to litlle pop flies that rose straight up and then came to earth not more than three feet from the plate. That weakness might be harmless enough as far as baseballs were concerned, but conceivably could leave the hitless wonder at a distinct disadvantage when it came to hive- swalling. THEN one ingenious mind suggested a solution that, viewed from all sides, appeared to have considerable merit. His proposed remedy was to push a paper bag over the hive, clip the mooring branch so that the hive fell into the bag, and then bear it triumphantly to a site where il no longer would constitute a-threat to security. The essential features of this plan seemed to have no flaws. It would be a neat, clean, humane operation, sparing the lives of the hornets or wasps or whatever, leaving their home intacl, and giving them nothing more than the problem of establishing a foundation in the new location. Indeed, here was a general ripple of applause at the enunciation of this plan. *• * * ALAS, however, just as Is common with international problems, a question of protocol arose to torpedo the plan. Its author, it seems, was content to rest on his inspirational laurels. He thought the execution of the maneuver should be left to-olhers. Besides, he argued, the current location of the hive was not on his territory, and it would be improper for him to usurp the prerogatives of the rightful owner. But the rightful owner, so-called, looked at it from a different viewpoint. Common courtesy, in his opinion, decreed that he should not be stubborn in the matter of property rights, but should grant the honor and glory of executing the plan to the genius who had thought of it in the first place. So an impasse was created, with neither side willing lo budge. Nor was Iherc any success in agreeing upon a compromise, whereby one would hold Ihe bag while the other wielded the clippers. The hivesteaders now have added several rooms to their dwelling, and at last reports seemed likely to be there for the summer. Unless, that is, someone would like to buy a hornet's nest to hang on their porch or something. Any reasonable offer will b« given consideration. The World Today Newest Rail Dispute Plan Could Mean Arbitration By JAMES MARLOW Ai«oe:«t»d fp«« N»w« An«lv«t WASHINGTON CAP)—President Kennedy says his plan for settling the railroad dispute is intended to avoid compulsory arbitration. But the net effect in large measure could wind up being compulsory arbitralion. Nevertheless, an examination of the plan indicates it's a thought- out device for taking much of the steam out of the four-year long argument between the railroads and the unions. * * « Kennedy asked Congress Monday lo pass a resolution giving the 11-man Interstate Commerce Commission authority to go over the whole dispule and give rulings which would slay in effect for two years after they were made. The ICC's authority would lasl two years from the day Congress passed [he resolution. During that time—if the unions or railroads didn't like a ruling' and wanted to strike or shut down —Ihe ICC could get a federal court injunction forbidding such action, * * * Briefly this is the backgroL'-3 before looking at what Kennedy proposed: The railroads argue that, thanks ';o modern improvements, they could operate $600 million a year cheaper if they weren't saddled by thousands of jobs they consider unnecessary. For example: diesel engines have almost completely replaced steam locomotives. The railroads say that while firemen were needed on Hie steam locomotives, Ihey are unnecessary on the diesels. So they want lo eliminate about 35,000 firemen's jobs,- about 10,000 right away, the rest over the years Ihrough retirement or death or quitting. In addition, they want to eliminate about 30,000 other jobs over a period of lime. A presidential commission and a bonrfi went nlong with the idea of eliminating jobs. The Supreme Court upheld Ihe right of the railroads to do the eliminating. The unions not only refused to agree, they Ihrealened a strike il Ihe railroads started job-culling. They refused to let some outsider —an arbitrator—give a ruling (hat would be binding on unions and railroads. Congress, lo prevent a strike, could compel the two sides lo accept arbitralion. This would be compulsory arbitration. That's a dirty word with American management and labor, and Congress doesn't like It, either. Still, Kennedy and Congress do not want a crippling strike. So Kennedy, lo prevent it, came up with the device he suggested Monday. If Congress approves, there can I* no slrike for at least two years. + « * But, while it Is supposed to avoid compulsory arbitration, this la how it would work: As soon us Congress approves Ihe resolution, a* it probably will in some form, liic ICC woiittl IM empowered to act in the case. It V would have this aulhorily for two years. Its main task would revolve around manpower and jobs. The two sides could file applications for rulings. Once ihe ICC gave a ruling, il would stay in effect two years. * * * This could happen: Right near the end of Its two-year term the ICC might give a ruling which would have to stay in effect for two years afterward. This means Ihe ruling would be in effect four years after Congress passed the resolution. This seems far-fetched. Almost surely il won'l happen bul this will: As soon as the ICC is empowered to act, the railroads will dump all their job problems in ICC's lap lo gel nclion fast. The ICC is supposed to act within 120 days—or fis soon thereafter as possible—after getting a request for a ruling. It the ICC decided a number of firemen's jobs should be eliminal- ed, then those jobs would be eliminated for two years. But right here it would seem from what Kennedy said, the railroads might not be saving a lot of money. * * • From the way Kennedy phrased his message Monday it would appear Hint men whose jobs were abolished — or mosl of them— would be shifted to oilier jobs or retrained for others. The railroads would hove to keep paying them for some lime. So there wouldn't be big savings in a hurry. Kennedy said, citing the opinions of the presidential commission and board: "No one would be llirowi) out on the street; and, while the railroads gradually modernized their operations, there would be liltle, if any, loss to individual employes. " It could be concluded from this suggestion that the ICC, right from the slarl, would not have a completely free hand in eliminal- ing jobs. At the same lime an examination of Kennedy's message prctly clearly indicates the unions would have to accept Ihe ICC's ruling since thai commission coulii get a court injunction to prevent a strike. At least the unions would have (o accept the rulings for the two- year period after the ICC made ihem. In this sense llic ICC rulings would be compulsory arbitration, Whal would happen af- ler the ICC's two years of jurisdiction ended? Tlie unions and railroads would have to negotiate agreements. Supposedly, they'd have lo be negotiating settlements nil tlirounh Ihe two years of ICC autlwrily. Then Ihere's Mils: Suppose thousands of jobs had been eliminated by ihe ICC in Mint two-yenr time and men, if not fired, were moved into other jobs. Al Ihe end of the two years tht unions wouldn'l have much ground for sinking against jobs eliminations lhal had been in effccl Iwo years. All In all, Ihls proposal would al 'east delay fireworks for two years. I

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