Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois on June 20, 1951 · Page 5
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Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois · Page 5

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Mt Vernon, Illinois
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Wednesday, June 20, 1951
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WEDNESDAY, JUNE 20, 1951 THE REGISTER NEWS — MT VERNON. ILLINOIS NEW POISON WEED FROM RUSSIA MENACES NATION'S LIVESTOCK IT'S POISON . . . Scientists isolate Halogeton plant J for study. »•» BY CLIFTON WILSON AP Newsfeatures Writer S ALT LAKE CITY—A mystery weed is threatening more than a third of the nation's sheep flocks. The poisonous plant—known as Imlogetan glomeratus—has mushroomed of across portions of seven states since its introduction from Russia 16 years ago. 1^ Thousands of sheep have died Abandoned ranch buildings and bleached bones dot sheep lands. Many ranges have been abandoned. Others are in danger. But state and federal agencies, Hhcepmen, cattleowners and university scientists are searching for control measures. Tliey are learning' liou.to sliare the ranges with the deadly stocli killer. Control bills are bcCorc Con- H gross, and states arc acting. The Western Weed Conference has called for a $5,000,000 appropriation to fight the killer which it said now infests some 4,000,000 acres. Reliable sources say 650,000 acres are hea\ily infested to the danger point. Halogeton resembles its cousin plant, the c o m rii o n Russian thistle, or tumbleweed. Young plants are bluish groen. In full bloom, the plant is a solid mass of flowers ranging from pale >ellow to red. When ripe, its spiny branches and sharp barbs are a sti -c 'w color. Range experts say the key to control is good range management. Total success is problematical. A cabinet officer said recently that halogeton might be exterminated. But a government publication says the plant is here to stay. Anywhere from one-third of a pound to one and one-half pounds can kill a sheep. About six pounds is a fatal dose for cattle. Halogct. on in the spring and summer is apparently unpalatable to livestock. After it dries in the fall, the weed is most poisonous. While cattle seldom eat enough haloget­ on to die, they—like sheep—will suffer cumulative effects. And noticeable cattle losses have been reported near Elko, Nev., and in Utah. Halogeton was discovered near Wells, Nevada, in 1935. It was not until 1941, however, that scientists correctly identified the newcomer. It's poisonous qualities were dramatically demonstrated in the fall of 1945 when sheep­ man John Ward of Almo, Idaho, moved a band of 1300 ewes down from the hills to the Raft River flats of southern Idaho, a traditional winter range. Twenty-four hoi »• later, 1000 of the animals were dead and Ward was out of business. Tracy R. Welling, Utah agricultural commissioner, says some 20 ranch operators have since been forced out by the weed. Halogeton crept over most of Nevada and into southern Idaho and northwestern Utah. That is the present acute area of infestation. But the weed has also skipped into south central Montan . and the Big Horn River basin of 'Wyoming and extensive patches have been ^'ound in northeastern California and southeastern Oregon. The weed has also been located in eastern Utah, near the Colorado border. H. R. Burback, Utah regional chief of the Soil Conservation Service, says he expects Halogeton to move into its eighth state—Colorado. Burback also asserts that unless controlled it will press on into the Midwest and into Canada. It would be the same route followed by thp Russian thistle. Halogeton came probably in a seed shipment, from the Caspian sea area of Russia. Oddly enough, ^ HOME FOR SALE, TRADE OR LONG LEASE-BY OWNER 227 S. 18th 7 rooms—3 bed rooms, large closet in each room. Carpeted throughout upstairs and down. Hot watejr heater, stoker, hot water heat, 1% baths. Half way between Field and Jr. High school. Venetian blinds throughout. Curtains. Ready to move in. New awning on every window. See Troy Hawkins 205 N. 14th it is not fatal to sheep i:ti Russia, Burback says. The spongy halogeton leaves are filled with oxalic acid which combines with th calcium in the blood to kill sheep within a few hours. The weed thrives on semi- desert areas of arid, sandy, saline soil, typical of western grazing lands. It moves in quickly where other vegetation has been removed through over-grazing, drought or fire. Blading of land along highways and railroads opei.s a smooth trail for the spread of halogeton. The cooperation of highway departments and railroads have been solicited in the fight. Flame throwers, oil «pray and chemicals have been used with moderate success to combaC hal­ ogeton. But Burback, and others, say that good range management la the best weapon. This calls for reseeding of denuded ranges with hardy grass...* such as crested wheat, for the protection of nat- tiral vegetation and avoidance of overgrazing. "If you plow it under, you spread it and ruin other vegetation," says Ben S. Markham, range conservationist. "The one bright spot about the weed is that it is a poor competitor—that is, a good stand of grass will kill it." Halogeton, an annual with a light root system, is a prolific seeder and thrives on a wide moisture range. Burback says the plants measure aU the way from one inch to three feet across and all produce seed. The plant spreads at the rate of about 15 miles a year. However, it can go that far in a day when carried by wind, water, on trains, automobiles and in the wool of the grazing sheep themselves. Lambert C. Erickson, associate agronomist dt the University of Idaho Experiment Station, says halogeton can be controlled if the funds are available. And at a recent Washington meeting of cabinet officers, western congres.smen and government officials. Secretary of Agriculture Brannan said that department scientists are continuing to search for a mean- of exterminating the weed. Brannan recalled that scientists found a way to control wheat rust which had threatened to destroy grain crops. Western ranchers are confident that good range management if followed, will at least halt and minimize the halogeton threat. They expect cooperation. The men who work with the problem face a $40 loss every- time a sheep dies of the poison.* ^iiiiiniiiiiitiiiiifiiiiininininiiiiniHiiiniiiiiiiiiinitniiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiintiiitiifiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiim THE CHURCH OF CHRIST I < 2416 CHERRY STREET I LAVERN STEWART, Minister | i iiiiiniiiiniiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitit' = = I Tim. 4:1, "Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that In the § latter times some shall depart from the faith . . ." This sounds = like the Holy Spirit intended to teach that one could fall from i grace. Hear the Apostle Paul: I Cor. 9:27, "But I keep under my = body, and bring It into subjection: lest that by any means, when s I have preached to others I myself should be a castaway." Some S people say that he was saying his Influence would be lost; but, = Paul didn't say that. He said "I MYSKLF" should be a castaway. = When one of the "Can't Fall From Grace" preachers tries to prove = his doctrine, he goes to Romans chapter eight where it says that = nothing shall separate us from the love of God which is in Christ. = There is a great difference between being separated from the love S of God and from God Himself. Jn. 3:16: "For God so loved the = world that He gave His only oegotten Son, that whosoever be- = lieveth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life." I H Jn. 4:19, "We love Him because He first loved us." These passages = show that God loved men when they were yet In their sins and 5 therefore headed for torment. To show that people though loved 1 by God were separated from Him (But, not from His love) read £ Eph. 2:11-18. The example in Luke 15:, of the son leaving home s shows how a son of God can fall from grace. When the son was S in a far country he was separated from his father, but not from s his love. Hia father was waiting for him and gave him a hearty H welcome. To show to all who care about the truth notice verse 24, = "For this my son was DEAD and is alive again; he was lost and = Is found. And they began to make merry." The objection is raised = that if one has ETERNAL LIFE how could he lose it? We have it = IN PROMISE—Titus 1:2, "In hope of eternal life, which God that = cannot He promised before the world began." Someone asks does = not God love His children in a special way? No doubt He does = (Heb 12:6) as Jude 21 tells us to keep ourselves in His love. Along 1 this line read I Jn. 5:3. Study the 8th chapter of Romans and see = that the objects named are external, which can not harm our = standing with God. But, we oan depart by an evil heart of unbelief, E Heb. 3:12. 1 siiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiHiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiniiiinniiniinfiiiiiiiiitiiiiMiiniiiiniii^ wfth features youVe always wanted More power with thriftier performance You'll get power to spare—with economy to boot! Eight Dodge truck engines—94 to 154 horsepower —have power increases up to 20%. High compression gives flashing performance with less fuel. For year-in, year-out economy and dependability you get 4-ring pistons with chrome-plated top ring, "hotter" spark plugs (on models through 1 ton), heat-resisting exhaust valve seat inserts, 45-ampere generator, moistureproof ignition, and many other features. Better load protection ... easier handling Load and driver get the smoothest truck ride evPT imown! 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