BUY VNITtD •TATM VINOS ONBS Wotv'd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by . Associated Press Hope Star I •*; The Weather Little change in temperature Wednesday night. VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 84 Star of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 21, 1942 TAP)—'Means Associated Press (NEA)'—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COF>r Jap Baton Drive Defeated ft ftftftftftftftftftft ft ft ft ft ft w< iv ly -o Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator WILLIS THORNTON Slogan for Nanyo What Is Really Essential? The standard of living of the whole American people is going to be reduced, in the material sense, for the whole period of the war. That is the only answer to the devotion of a bigger and bigger proportion of our material goods and facilities to war purposes. Yet we are still luckier than most of the world's peoples in this: so far as may be forseen, we should have : .i enough of the really essential things to avoid the kind of hardship on the material plane that kills even the spirit. -® Talking the other day to a rcfugeco from Europe, we found what scvera years of wandering, driven before the blast of Hitlcrism from country to U.S. Reveals a Hemispheric Production Plan Vast New Program Would Include All Anti-Axis Nations WASHINGTON -(IP)— A Gigantic war production plan for the Western ' Hemisphere which includes the abolition of all trade barriers, the cstnblih- ment of a common currency for all anti-Axis nations and the use ot U. S. Naval and Air units to convoy Hemispheric shipping, was, disclosed Wednesday by high commerce de- partemnt official. The program, drawn up by the United States, was expected to bo agreed upon at the American con fcrenccs of foreign ministers now in session at Rio de Janerio. The commerce official who declined to. use his name predicated it would be applied to all nations subscribing to the plan. "If Chile or Argentina or any other nation does not enter the Hemispheric plan," he said, "they will be ignored and the plan will be pursued by the remaining republics." Bobcats Lose to El Dorado Two Top-Notch Games to Be Played Here This Week The El Dorado high school Wildcats Jfwon their first conference basketball game of the season Tuesday afternoon, defeating the Hope Bobcats 30 to 23, behind the 14-poinl shooting of lanky Garficld Godwin, Wildcat center. . McCullough, Hope center, played 'best for Hope, hooping the basket for 12 points. Meanwhile, Hope cage fans were assured plenty of action here this week with two lop-notch games scheduled on the local court. < On Thursday night the champion Ouachita Tigers will bring their first and second teams to Hope for a game with all-tar players employed on the Southwestern Proving Ground. Proceeds of the contest will go to the Hempstead Red Cross emergency fund • drive. On Friday night the Bobcats entertain tlie North Little Rock Wildcats ni a conference contest. 4<? Missionary to Speak at Garrett Church The Rev. Chris Barham, missionary, will spe-.ik at the Garrett Memorial Baptist church here Wednesday night. The public is invited. country, stripped of all possession and thc fruits of a lifetime of labor has taught. "Wo have learned," he said, "what is really important, really essential. Enough plain food, enougl comfortable clothing, a warm roo: overhead. People you love abou you and a chance to work with then and for them—in freedom. Those arc essentials. Whatever may be had be yond this is good, but until these es sentials are attacked and diminished there is no deal hardship." American life has been the grcates gadget civilization ever contrived. W have devised more accoutrements to the mere business of living than any people ever contrived before. What is a gadget? A gadget has been defined as an ingenious mechanical device for doing efficiently something that you wouldn't have to do at all if you didn't have the gagdet. A lot of these gadgets are going to have to go. We can take it one of two ways. We can howl that it is practically a living death without double cellophane wrapping, one radio in the house instead of three, lamb chops without frilled paper panties, or chocolates without individual tinfoil wrapping . Or we can ask ourselves, very time one of the gadgets goes down the drain, "was it really essential? We may have to learn to live more simply for a time. We may have to learn to walk instead of perpetually riding. We may have to learn to stay home and face ourselves and our friends and families instead of frenziedly following every whim of fashion. Yet from all of these "deprivations" something good is to be had if we will but take it. There are physical and spiritual benefits in relearning to walk. There are ingenuities to be uncovered in making UIR old clothes do, making thc plain clothes attractive. In being compelled to slay with 'ourselves more, we may find oudselves. * ¥ * The 3000 islands of the south Pacific which the Japanese have been busily stealing for the past 40 years, have been named by their new bosses Nanyo. 'Yanks Coming' President Tells United Nations Enemy Maintains Pressure on All Far East Fronts, Planes Active By thc Associated Press Allied warships were reported shelling Japanese invasion armies swarming down Malaya jungle coast, GO miles north of Singapore Wednesday and the united nations were further heartened by President Roosevelt's disclosure that "the Yanks are coming" with AEF vanguards already in action or cnroutc to far flung zones. An official Tokyo broadcast saici Allied warships had entered thc critical battle of Singapore even as Japan's navy minister Vice-Admira Shigctaro Shimada boasted that thc Japanese Navy 'virutally commands the Pacific from Malaya and thc Indies to the west coast of the Unitec States." More Enemy Landings British military quarters concceded that Japanese troops—apparently ar- •iving in small boats which hugged .he shore—continued to land along .he Malayan coast during the past 24-hours, striking ahead of the main Japanese invasion army to harass the British west flank. Strong Japanese pressure also was reported against a British communications ,higbway, .running southeast from the Muar river sector, 90 miles north of Singapore, where the British, Australian and Imperial Indian troops were struggling to halt the main Japanese onslaught. It was in this sector that Tokyo asserted that 20,000 British troops were trapped. Other Developments Other fast breaking developments included: Figure 1—Dutch East Indies—The Dutch command quoted "reliable sources" that Japanese troops had occupied the entire Minahassa Penin- cula northeast arm of Celebes island but "paid dearly for this conquest." East of Celebes forty Japanese bombers and 20 fighting planes attack Kavieng on the Dutch Island of New Guinea and three more raiders bombed the nearby city of Madang. Fifty oilier Japanese bombers and fighters were spotted flying toward Salamaus, south of Madang shortly afler noon and the Slalamaua airdrome was atlacked. Figure 2—Auslralia—Nearly 1,800 miles east of Celebes Japanese warplanes atlacked thc key port of (British) New Guinea and the nearby Bismarck Archipelago. Forty Jap- Production Head Nelson to Cut Out 0PM Off ice To Set Up Six Divisions Under New Board, Eliminate Contracts WASHINGTON-—-Donald M. Nelson announced Wednesday he would abolish the office of Production Management and bring all of its functions and activities under his authority as chairman of the new production board. He told a press conference that he was .setting up six major divisions under the board, eliminating the ok incorporating the priorities and allocation system under a new division of industry operation, charged with full responsibility for the conversion of all possible American industry to war production. The reorganization "effective as as the order can be drawn" was described by the war chief as an interim plan subject to possible future revision. U. S. Victory Map in Far East PHIUPplNES^JIr* 1 " 0 DUTCH EAST INDIES ancse bombers and twenty fighting [ Liked." Library Holds Training Class Heads of Hempstead Branches Attend Session The Hempstead county library clerks met Tuesday at the city Hall for the regular training class with Miss Elsie Weisenberger, county Librarian as instructor. The class opened with Mrs. Johnie McCabe reading the scripture followed by the Lord's Prayer. Reports were made from each of the branch libraries and the read- quarters library of Hope. Books from the various classes of the Dewey Decimal System were discussed. Reference questions were asked and answered. Miss Mary Greening, District Supervisor of the W. P. A. , El Dorado, conducted a round table discussion on W. P. A. reports. She told them what is expected of each worker for the defense. Mrs. Jos Jackson, Washington, discussed the life of Clifton Fadman, who has recently edited "Reading I Red Armies Go Past Mozhaisk Russia Celebrates Her Greatest of War A 11 • i • i i i . , tiiiuac uuiiiui-i a ciin.* V w uii tj J.IKHIIIJEL All the island archipelagoes over , w d th ^ c tj which Japan was granted manadatc' by the League of Nations after World War 1 have been fortified in direct defiance of treaty, and Japanese have been filtered into them until in some cases they outnumber the natives. The whole has been loosely linked into an "economic empire" that was primarily a mere chain of military bases for thc Pacific War. So one of thc tasks before us may well be staled in a slogan, "Tis a can-yo to Nanyo!" Blevins Students Buy Many Defense Stamps Students of thc Blevins public school system have responded heartily to the sales of defense stamps in the Blevins area, with a large number having been purchased. The area finds it difficult to keep a sufficient supply on hand. The first professional training school for librarians in the world was established al Columbia College, New York, in 1887. Daily Drilling Report of S. Arkansas „ By ARK. OIL & GAS COMMISSION McKamic C160 acre spacing) <$>ing in tanks; T. P. 2100. Carter: Haynes No. 2, Elev. 297, running 5% inch csg.; T. D. 9373. Atlantic: Bodcaw No. 9, Drlg. 860G. Bodcaw No. 10, Loc.; C-SE Sec. 32, 17-23. Macedonia (80 acre spacing) Atlantic: Marnock-Brewcr No. 1, Loc.; C-SVJ SW Sec. 15, 18-21. McAleslcr: Snider Unit No. 1, Elev. 268. Washing in Tuesday morning. Bj-ewer-Warnock No. 1 Drlg. 8793. Mt. Holly (40 acre, spacing) Atlantic: Davis B-l,Elev. 244. Flow- Biff Creek (160 acre spacing) J. W. Love: Stager flo. 1, Drlg. 5825. Midway (40 acre spacing) Barnsdall: Bond No. 1, Producing 400 bbls. clay. Doi cheat (40 acre spacing) Atlantic: Pinewoods B-l', R. U. Wildcats McAlester: Jeffus No. 1, Drla 4250. of British New Ireland and attacked the New Guicna cities of Madang, Salamaua, Bololo and Lae. Australia's Prime Minister John Curtin said the mass attacks showed the peril to Australia was nearer, clearer and deadlier than ever. 12 Jap Planes Downed Figure ,'i — Singapore' — Janancse bombers again struck heavily at Britain's 400 million dollar Island fortress Wednesday but paid a high toll. Twelve of thc raiders were officially reported shot down amid prolonged attacks on residential districts. On the basis of 10 per cent as heavy loss this would indicate that at least 120 Japanese planes were used in the assault. • Figure 4 Burma—Imperial Tokyo headquarters asserted that Japanese forces now striking into Burma, China's back door for war supplies, anihilatcd defense troops in an attack near Commcander, 16 miles northeast of Japanese-occupied Tavoy in southern Burma. British headquarters as Rangoon, j the Burmese capital, declared that Thai-Japanese forces which struck from the Thailand border Tuesday toward the important port of Moul- mein in southern Burma had been checked ne Myawaddi. Mrs. Lois Russell reviewed "Four Years in Paradise," by Osa Johnson. Miss Weisenberger mentioned the "Books for Victory" campaign which would soon be under way. Senator James Pilkinton is counly chairman. The library will be the gathering house for all books for the army camps. Miss Mary E. Greening, District Supervisor, El Dorado, was the only visitor. The February meeting will be held February 16. By the Associated Press Russia celebrated her greatest victory of the war Wednesday as the Red armies drove six miles beyond fallen Mozhaisk, 57 miles west of Moscow in pursuit of Adof Hitler's battered invaders along the Napolenoic road of retreat to Smolensk. Simultaneously a bulletin from Hitler's field headquarters acknowledged that Soviet troops had broken through German lines on the upper Donets river— presumably in the fierce battle for the big Donets river steel city of Kharkov. The high command asserted, however, that Nazi counter attacks had thrown the Russians back. No hint of the defeat no the central front was given the German nation. he fall of Mozhaisk climaxed by bloody street fighting in the glare of burning buildings was announced in four words by the Russians: "Our units captured Mozhaisk." (NEA Telemop) Map shows United States military scores in the Far East. (1) U. S. bombers sink a Jap cruiser and fire a Japanese tanker; (2) U. S. fliers down nine enemy planes after attacking Japanese positions on Celebes; (3) U. S. bombers raid Jap airfields in Malaya. Blevins Schools Get $1250 Defense Funds Congressman Oren Harris announced this week that $1250 had been allotted by the Federal Works Agency to Blevins school system for the maintenance and operation of school facilities as a part of the public works projects defense plan. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgcnthau, Jr., studied to be an architect at Cornell University and switched to agricultural courses. Circuit Court Hears 3 Cases f~ .lr . ....... Negro Given 9 Years on Second Degree Murder Charge Only three cases were heard by Judge Dexter Bush in Circuit court here Wednesday morning before the court was adjourned until February 5. . . . In a civil case of the Ritchie Grocer Co. against R. E. Gresh'am, the jury handed down a verdict for the plaintiff of 5150. The jury awarded a $2,500 judgment to the William Deloncy estate, which had sued the Missouri Pacific Railroad for alledgcd damages resulting from a wreck occuring at a Missouri Pacific crossing. Louis Reed, a negro, plead guilty to second degree murder and was sentenced to 9 years in the state peninten- uary. Court Marshal Favors Air Head Finds Col. Munlen- berg Not Quilty of Charges COLUMBUS, Ohio— (JPi-Col. H. C. Kress Muhlenberg, was found innocent Wednesday at a general court marshal of charges that he wrongly criticized the distribution of compat planes outside'the United States and possessions. After 49 minutes of deliberation the court marshal called Col. Muhlenburg, retired air corps officer and announced: "The court finds you not guilty on all charges and specifications." The gray-haired 55-year-old officer was charged with violation of two articles of war after a public speech here December 17. Enemy Thrust Thrown Back by U. S. Forces Native Guerillas Kill 110 Japs in Surprise Raid on Luzon WASHINGTO'N-OP)-The War Department said Wednesday that American and Philippine troops in savage fighting on the Batan Peninsula had driven back the Japanese with heavy losses by the enemy. A department communique said the Japanese by infiltarlion and frontal allacks near the center of General Douglas MacArlhur's line had gained some initial successes before the defending troops counter attacked and retook all positions. U. S. Losses Light American Philippine casualties were described as "relatively moderate." At the same time the department said a guerillo band of General Douglas MacArthur's troops operating in the Cagayan valley in northern Luzon achieved brilliant local successes, • staging a surprise raid on a Japanese air field at Tuguegarao, taking the enemy completely by surprise, killing .10 Japanese and putting 300 others to flight. The raiding party suffered only slight losses. Apparently No Planes Destroyed There were apparently no planes on the ground when the raid was made^ since MacArthur did not mention the destruc.tipni,,of:-any ,in his report to 'War Department: " ' Hempstead Farmers to Join 'Food for Victory'Campaign 4,700 Families Expected to Sign e— Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Close March 18.46 May 18.60 July 18.74 October 19.01 December 19.06 NEW YORK March 18.39 May 18.54 July October December January Middling spot 19.92. 18.68 18.79 18,83 18.85 Up in 64 County Communities Thursday in some 64 communities of Hempstead county's approximately 4,700 farm families arc expected to sign up in the government's "Food- for Victory" cumqaign. All farm families arc tskcd to enlist. One hundred and forty-seven fur- mc-rs and members of thc Home Demonstration leaders will act as minutcmcn in this drive aimed at greater production of food, vitally needed in the suces;.ful prosecution of war. In a number of these communities and neighborhoods victory campaign programs are planned, consisting of patriotic talks, songs and prayers. Every effort is being made by farm leaders in the county to make the program in Hempstead as successful as possible. Thc 64 meetings are scheduled for 1:30 at the following places: Ratecliff Store, Mt. Nt-bo, Bethlehem, Liberty Hill, Evening Shade, Battlefield, Fairview, Union Grove, Hickory Shade, Rocky Mound, Mclrose, Old Liberty, Macedonia, Bright Star, Sardis, Antioch. Bethel, Boyd's Chapel, Shover Springs, Centorville, Zion, Oakgrove, Mt. Pleasant, Doyle, Belton, Avcry's Chapel, Bruce Chapel, Friendship, Wallaccbui-g, Marbrook, Sweet Home, Hloley Grove. The following will meet at the ncighborhod school at 1:30 p. m. Stevenson school, McNab, Pi.ney Grove, Providence, Church Hill, Columbus, Yctncy (Temple School), O/.UK, Clow, Bingen, Guernsey, McCaskill, DcAnn, Harmony, Blevins Training. The following will meet at the neighborhood store at 1:30 p. m. Dooley Hill, Sheppard (Roy's Place) Hin- tou al Club House. Hope Man Hurt in Accident Dr. J.W. Branch Reported Improved at March Field Base Word was received here Wednesday that Dr. J. W. Branch was recently seriously injured in an accident at March Field Airbasc but is said to be rapidly improving. Dr. Branch, member of Ihe airbase surgical slaff, was making an emergency call lo Ihe airfield, to meet cas- uallics from Pearl Harbor, when the accident occurred. He sustained a brain concussion, injured neck, lacerated ankle and multiple bruises about the chest and body. 4-H Clubs Sign Food Pledges 1,000 Members to Cooperate in Food- for-Victory Drive Approximately 1000 4-H club members in Hempstead counly have pledged their cooperation in carrying the "Food-for-Victory" campaign to every farm family in the county. When Hempstead county farm families meet in their communities Thursday, January 22 at 1:30 o'clock to pledge their support to the "Food-for-Victory" campaign they will have the opportunity of seeing their own boys and girls pledge their best efforts to carry to a successful conclusion the "Food-for-Victory" campaign sponsored by Agriculture Extension Service. This great organization of your Americans, calm and courageous and confident are anxious to pledge their total service in the production of food and The first saw mills in the United States were located at Jamestown, Va., and Berwick, Me., in 1G25 and 1631, respectively. Cranium Crackers Atlantic Flyers It's a long hop from Kitty Hawk to the speedy bomber flights across the Atlantic made daily by ferry pilots, and much aviation history has been made in between. Prove that you're air-minded, but not light-headed, by bringing down answers to these questions. 1. When was the first trans-At- lantic flight made, and by whom? 2. What flying pair made the first non-stop trans -Atlantic flight? 3. What is the record time for an Atlantic flight recently set by a ferry bomber pilot? 4. Had anyone made a non-stop flight from the U. S. to Europe be-fore Lindbergh? 5. What single fight catapulted Douglas Corrigan to fame. Answers on Comic Page. 4 Organizations Donate 100% Emergency Red Cross Drive Continues in County The chairman of the Hempstead county Red Cross emergency drive announced Wednesday that employes of the Hope Brick Works, Stale Highway Department, Arkansas Louisiana Gas Company and the Frisco Railway roundhouse employes had donated one hundred per cent. The Highway department contributed $66.98, the Gas company donated $20, the railroad employes ?6 and, the Hope Brick Works workers, $170.05. Employes of the Hope Brick Works who donated are: N. P. O'Neal, Thelma Moore, Florence Zimmerly, Earl O'Neal, Lacie Rowe, Carl Fuller, Lloyd Collier, Ed Collier, I. A. Grouse, Joe Rosenbaum, Carlis Hcrrick, Richard Fenwick, Frank Ridens, Oscar Beckworth, Frank Rogers, Bill Rowe, Glen Huckabee, A. C. Keilh, Jesse Brooks, W. H. Newman, Merlin Leggett, C. R. Betts, W. T. Moxley, Jess Yarberry, Arthur Fuller, Tom Huckabee, Aulry Taylor, V. Huckabee, J. D. Roach. Arthur Smith, C. Phillips, C. Phillips, Azric Jones, P. Mc» Fadden, Mark Phillips, James Moss, Arthur Garland, Henry Stewart, Geo. Williams, Olha Brantley, Booker T, Thorn, Ed Yeager, Eureal Bell, Jim McFadden, Earl Pondexler, Lee Knox, Curtis Knox, Ray Newton, Henry Sutton, Willie Walker, Julius Stewart, Joe Verge, Mose Yeager, Joe Williams, Curtis Simpson, Giles Au- breary, Willie Boozer, Lewis Moss, feed necessary to win thc war and as- A See Phillies, Joe Maxwell, Dolphus sist in establishing the principles for which this country stands throughout the world. In Arkansas there are Warner, Lonnie Jackson, James Green, R. McFadden, Leonon Brantley, Warner B. Still, close to 100,000 4-H club boys and • Jontt Moss - Ivory Seals, John Williams, girls that are ready to step into the I G - w - Williams, William Ferguson, "* shoes of their older brothers and fath- Ed Moore, Ruffin Holeslin, Elmo Shaw ers and shoulder their responsibilities in the production of food and feed so vital in our nation's defense. Thc following are the 4-H clubs and Jr., James Yeager, Robert Lee Austin, Phil Shaw, George Taylor, Jerry Maxwell, Edgar Simpson, Tim Simpson, Fred Sykes, William the leaders who are directing the 4-H Green, Leo Turner, James Linsley, Victory Pledge in their communities: I Leon Morehead, Lee Morrison, John. Bingen, R. H. Briant, Wanda Homer' Perkins, Bert Walker, Harrison Rob- aud Effie Chambers; McCaskill, 5nso "' Ira Wlliams, Harold Green, Morgan Griffith, Ruby Daniels and Dimple Smith; Blevins, David Edwards; Washington, Mrs. Messer and James Boyett; Guernsey, Chess Pittman; Fulton, Mrs. R. G. Byers, Elinor Seymour and Eramilie Williams; Patmos Mr. Copeland and Arleata-Feuth- erston; Springhill, Miss Jane Marburry and Gordon Butler; Piney Grove, Lile Easterling. Fink Boyd and Gladys Jones; McNab, Miss Ross, Mrs. Vehna Jones and Louise Singleton. A Thought A doubtful tlirone is ice on summer seas.—Tennyson. Archie Langston, Dorsie Phillips, Mar 7 vin Smith, Luther Deloney. Lt. Col. Adamson to Report for Duty Here WASHINGTON —OP}— The Army Wednesday ordered Lt. Col. Keith F. Adamson, now on duty at Burlington, la., to report for duty at Hope, Ark- Admiral Adolphus Andrews, U. S. N. was once an aide of President Theodore Roosevelt.
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