transcrit North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120THYEAR • NO. 34 SATURDAY, JULY 20,1963 14 PAGES • 8 CENTS STRAIGHT AND NARROW — This fine, new highway running from the Massachusetts line in Clarksburg to Heartwellvllle, Vt., cost the Stare of Vermont $ 1.2 million, but users and southern Vermont residents are criticizing it as being too narrow. State representatives from area have been urged to have gravel shoulders, clearly shown in photo, paved to add to width — and safety— of highway. Yeoman Convicted of Conspiracy To Commit Espionage for Russi NEW YORK (AP) — Navy Yeoman Nelson C. Drummond has been convicted by a federal court jury of conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union. The stocky, moustached Drummond, 34, his wife by his side, blinked Friday night as the verdict was announced but showed no other outward emotion. The maximum penalty on the conviction is death. Judge Thomas C. Murphy sel Aug. 15 for sentencing. It was the Negro yeoman's second trial on the charges. The first trial ended in a hung jury. The second jury—10 men and [wo women, one of the latter a Negro—deliberated 11 hours and 40 minutes before bringing in ils verdict on the first count of the two-count indictment. Murphy declared a mistrial on the second count, which charged Drummond with actually commit- ing espionage acts at the time of his arrest last Sept. 23 in Larchmont, N.Y. The jury reported that it was unable to reach agreement on that count. On the first count, Drummond was found guilty of conspiring with four Soviet agents in a plot lo pro-. vide military data, including information on raval weapons systems, maintenance of submarines and electronic equipment. Owners of Baltimore Park Agree to Drop Racial Bars BALTIMORE (AP)-An 11-year battle by Negroes (or admission la Gwynn Oak Amusement Park will end Aug. 28 when owners lower racial barriers at the •uburban Baltimore park and picnic grounds. Agreement in the dispute, was reached late Friday night, only hours before integrationists bad Parents, 2 Children Killed When Truck Crushes Their Car TIPTON, Iowa (AP) — Four members of a family died yesterday in the fiery crash of their small foreign car after it was hit by a truck at a traffic check point on Interstate Highway BO south of here. The dead were identified as Air Force T. Sgt. Robert L. Stullz, his wife, Evelyn, 29, a son, Paris, fi. and a daughter, Deborah. It. The family dog also was killed. Slate highway patrolman Ralph Akcre said it was believed Slullz was on 30-day leave from Ihe Air force base al Laredo, Tex., and,, apparently had been visiting with his wife's relatives in Rhode Island. The accident occurcd on the wesl bound lane of Interstate no west of the intersection with Iowa Highway 38. Sheriff Richard Barden at Tip- ion said a slate crew was making a traffic survey at this place. He said one truck had slopped there and the Stullz car, which had pulled up behind it, was rammed from the rear hy another truck which continued down the highway for 200 yards, Palrolmnn Aktrs said that he charged the driver of the second- truck, Howard W. Everson, 30, of Lincoln, Neb., with being unable lo slop in an assured clear dix- lance. planned to resume mass demonstrations. Under the agreement, the park owners, James, David and Arthur Price, promised to end racial discrimination at Gwynn Oak Aug. 28 and to drop all charges against about 380 persons arrested in demonstrations July 4 and 7. In return, Ihe ad hoc committee sel up for the sole purpose of integrating Ihe (ill-acre park agreed lo stop demonstrations immediately. . National attention was focused on the park during the July demonstrations when many clergymen of Jewish, Protestant and Catholic faitlis were arrested and charged with violating a Maryland trespass law. The settlement was arranged hy Baltimore County Executive Spiro T. Agnew in telephone negotiations Friday with both sides and with the County Human Relations Commission. He said the agreement was a verbal one "under which the good faith of Ihe ad hoc committee, the Price brothers and the people of Baltimore County are laid on the line." He pledged the power of the county administration lo "see that this experiment docs work." a Drummond admitted during the trial, which started July 8, that he got between $20,000 and $24,000 from Soviet agents over several years. He claimed that the material he sold them was not classified and was harmless. Drummond, a native of Baltimore, served 16 years in the Navy. His basic salary was $120.95 a month. At the same time lie owned a bar and grill in Newport, R.I., where he was stationed. Drummoncl was arrested outside a Larchmonl diner. FBI agents said he was in the act of passing information to two secretaries of the Soviet United Nations mission. The pair were recalled from this country a few clays later. Storms Over Most Areas in Eastern Half of U.S. Abate (111/ tin: Associated Press) Storms abated across most areas in the Eastern half of the nation today after Friday night 1 * severe thunderstorms and tornad- ic winds in many areas. Violent weather,' with heavy rain, hail and strong winds, hit northeastern Illinois, southern Lake Michigan, northern Indiana and southwest Wisconsin. Tomadic winds struck Anlioch, III,, near the Wisconsin line, and in Niles, a northwest suburb of Chicago, The severe thunderstorms set up a seiche, a sudden rise in the level of Lake Michigan, along the east shore. The Coast Guard at Holland, Mich,, reported a rise of B lo 10 feet as the seiche moved northward along the shore. Hundreds ol policemen were posled along the lake front in Chicago and traffic was diverted off Lake Shore Drive. Beaches, harbors, piers and docks were evacu- nlcd. Some 2,000 persons in McCormick Place, Ihe exposition ccnlcr on the lakefronl, were ordered hy police lo leave the building. Soviet Premiers Proposals Raise Hopes For Early East-West Summit Conference Khrushchev's Offer Involves So Much, Several Top-Level Talks May Be Necessary MOSCOW (AP) — Premier Khrushchev's offer to ease cold war tension with a sweeping set of war prevention proposals raised hopes today of an early East-West summit conference. Much Involved Some diplomatic sources indicated the proposals involved so mcch that nol one but a series of summit conferences may be necessary. The Soviet premier offered Friday to back up a nuclear test ban agreement with a nonagres- sion pact and a system of airfield and railroad inspections to prevent surprise attacks. He also gave (he first official Indication that U. S.-Brilish-Sovi- et negotiations here are fast approaching a formal agreement to ban all but underground nuclear tests. Khrushchev said lie would like to see the agreement include a ban on underground explosions, but implied such a pact may not be immediately possible due to the impasse over o'n-site inspections. Appearing in warm good humor, Khrushchev made his proposals in a 90-minule speech at a meeting honoring Hungary's visiting premier and Communist Party leader, Janos Kadar. The 6,000 persons present interrupted him repeatedly with applause and cheers. Chances are Khrushchev's proposals were among topics discussed when U.S. Undersecretary of State W . Averell Harrintan and Britain's Lord Hailsham resumed their test ban negotiations with Soviet officials today. Today's session began four hours earlier than usual to permit Harriman and Lord Hailsham to attend a Soviet-U,!;. track. meet scheduled for the afternoon. No session is planned for Sunday. NonngfTression Agreement Will) the lest ban, Khrushchev said he also wants a/nonaggres- sion agreement between the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-' tion and its Communist counterpart, (he Warsaw Pact. He first tied the two together in a July 2 speech in East Berlin. Realizing a package deal would encounter rough .sledding, he opened a new way to negotiations by saying: "We think thai the question of the form of the non- aggression pact can be solved without any great difficulties to the mutual satisfaction of both sides. The most important thing is not the form, but the content. "The most important thing is for each side to display a willingness to ease tensions and to liquidate the state of the cold war." Khrushchev said Ihe nonag- gression pact, together with an agreement to prevent surprise nuclear attacks, would be most ac- ceptable to him and "would be received with great satisfaction by world public opinion." Washington's immediate reaction was to ask to see Ihe nuclear test ban agreement spelled out before proceeding with Khrushchev's other pro|x>sals. Valerian Zorin, Soviet deputy foreign minister, lold a reporter the test ban talks may conclude by Ihe middle or end of nexl week. The talks, which began July 15, originally were eypected to last about 10 days. Threaten Renewal Of Demonstrations In Cambridge, Md. CAMBRIDGE, Md. (AP)—Integrationist leaders, accused by Gov. J. Millard Tawes of hindering negotiations aimed al ending strife in Cambridge, have threatened to resume demonstrations tonight. Apparently only the arrival of a racial relations committee of the Maryland Bar Association could forestall a demonstration— which is forbidden under modified martial law, enforced by National Guard troops. The attorneys, drawn almost unwillingly into the dispute as mediators, aren't likely to move that quickly. "The earliest we would meet would be Monday," said Willia J. McWilliams, the committee chairman, who said the next regular meeting is set for Wednesday in Baltimore. Fourteen persons were arrested during a demonstration last Tuesday. Further marches were called off when State Ally. Gen. Thomas B. Finan announced that the bar associalion committee would be asked to mediate the dispute. The committee, formed to prevent situations similar to that in Cambridge, agreed to tackle the job after making it plain it did not like the way its services had been suggested by Finan. The attorney general was due here today "(o assure the people of my good faith" in trying lo get the lawyers into the town of 12,000 by the weekend. His prospects were not bright Jn a slatewide radio-television broadcast Friday night Tawes claimed "leadership of Ihe integration movement in Cambridge is fragmented," 'and hinders negotiations. Within 30 minutes, three Negro leaders exhibited a united front while addressing a group of about 100 persons from the tailgate of a truck parked outside the Bethel African Melhodist Episcopal Church. PROPOSES EXCHANGE — Soviet Premier Khrushchev smiles as a laughing audience applauds him during speech in Moscow's Kremlin af a friendship rally honoring Hungarian Communist party chief, Janos Kadar. The Russian leader offered to per- mit foreign inspectors to.take up positions at Soviet airfields, railroad stations, highways and ports to prevent secret concentrations of troops for sudden attacks. (AP V/irephoto) Red China Accepts Khrushchev's Dare to Take Dispute to People Accuses Him of Poisoning Minds With Nuclear War Horror Talk MOSCOW (AP) — Red China today accused Soviet Premier Khrushchev of capitulating to the West and of poisoning people's minds with his talk about the horrors of nuclear war. Peking also took up Khrushchev's challenge to lake the Chinese-Soviet dispute before the people by announcing it would air to the world both sides of the Communist argument. Khrushchev, reasserting his claim to leadership of the Communist world, dared the Chinese Friday to go to any plant or collective farm and submit their program alongside of his. Sputtering mad, Khrushchev predicted that the people would lislen politely, then tell Ihe Chinese lo "gel out." While Khrushchev raged against the Chinese in an extemporaneous outburst at a Kremlin rally, Soviet and Chinese delegates remained at odds in another session of their ideological talks in the Lenin Hills. They reportedly were trying to dralt a communi- que to end the talks that began with misgivings July 5. Khrushchev's challenge and Peking's reply reflected the apparent failure of the negotiators to heal the rift that has split the Communist world. Khrushchev, following up Sunday's Kremlin statement opposing Peking's hard line, told the rally that survivors of a nuclear war might "envy the dead." In Peking, the Chinese replied that Khrushchev's argument "confuses and poisons people's minds." The official Peking People's Daily drew attention to Mao Tze- Tung's statement (hat "mankind ' will definitely not be destroyed even if Ihe imperialists insist on a nuclear war with the possible sacrifice of hundreds of millions of people." The Chinese Communist party Central Committee, announcing an "epoch-making" plan to push its side of the quarrel, said it would publish and broadcast in many languages its June 14 statement assailing Khrushchev's policy of peaceful coexistence as well as the Kremlin's rebuttal. The Chinese said they also would disseminate statements they said Yugoslavia, the United Slales and India issued in support of the Soviet position. By airing all sides of the argument, the Chinese said it would become clear who was telling tb^t truth. Few Believe Congress Will Act on Rail Crisis in Week Navy Plane Accidentally Bombs San Francisco Street, No One Hit SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — A Navy attack bomber dropped » bomb by mistake on crowded, downtown Market Street Friday during the noon rush to lunch. The pale blue bomb was a practice one. The gunpowder in it didn't explode. And it hit nobody. But it caused plenty of excitement. "I used to fly a bomber in Italy," said Policeman Norman Ronneberg. "I never expected to get bombed in Ihe streets of San Francisco." "It looked like a shotgun had blown a three-inch hole through my office window," said Bob Cuyler of Menlo Park, an executive on the seventh floor of the eight- story, glass-walled IBM Building. The 25-pound bomb came loose ss Lt. R. A. Kiner of Anaheim, Calif., headed his A4A Skyhawk toward a landing at Alameda Naval Air Station alter a practice bombing run over California's Central Valley. The bomb, falling 25,000 feel, missed the crowded sidewalks and gouged a hole in the Middle of Market Slreel a foot wide and four inches deep. Then it bounced In a 300-foot arc over a five-story building while a fragment hit Cuyler's seventh-floor olfice. Next Ihe Mark 70, Model 5 bomb lore a chunk ol concrete from a cornice on (lie fourth floor of the Phoenix Building on Pine Street more than a block away. Then it thudded to the street and bounced against a Pacific Gas & F,lectric Co. truck in which three workmen were eating sandwiches. "We heard the thump," said one startled workman, Cleo Fain,'of San Bruno. "I got out of the truck and there was the (ail piece of this bomb on Ihe street nboui 10 feet away. Boy, next time we eat lunch with our hard hals on." WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress is tooling up to move promptly on President Kennedy's recommendations to avert a nationwide railroad strike but few members think it can act in a week. Congressional committee staffs have done considerable research and hearings are expeclec! lo slart in both branches within a day or so after Kennedy sends up his proposals on Monday. Legislators said the lenglh of time needed lo pass a law will depend on tho depth of the President's recommendations. Sen. Lister Hill. D-Ala., chairman of the Senate Labor Committee, said it "would be moving mighty fast" to get the bill through in one week before the July 29 deadline. Might !'ost|>onc Showdown But there was some .hope that if Congress showed a determination to act by that lime, the railroads and unions might again decide to postpone tho showdown. Under an agreement made at the White House July 10, the carriers agreed lo hold off instiluling new work rules—which eventually would eliminate 65,000 jobs—until July 29. The five operating unions also agreed not lo call a strike before then. The President received a report Friday on Ihe facls and issues in the dispute. Its contents will be made public today. The President is expected to use the report, as a basis for recom- Hundreds of Instruments Poised for Glimpse of Total Solar Eclipse BAR HARBOR, Maine (AP)— The slate of Mninc makes hay whether the sun shines or not today. A total solar eclipse is scheduled to sweep a great shadow across the state In the late afternoon. .Upwards of a quarter million visitors will have spent at least $10 million hoping to see this greatest show on earth. But if cloudy wealher makes il a flop this is one show which will nol be making refunds at the box office. The weather prediction Ls on Ihe pessimistic side with a be'llcr llinn even chance that clouds will block out the spectacle set to reach totality in this resort area at 5:44 p.m. Several hundred amateur and professional astronomers have staked out vantage points atop 1,530-foot Cadillac Mountain in Acadia National Park, highest point on Ihe north Atlantic coastline. Many set their Instruments up yesterday and a few slept beside them last night. Special guides patrolcd the mountain last night to protect the valuable equipment. Cadillac Mountain, scraped hald by the Ice shcels thousands of years ago, provides nn unob- slrucled view lo the northwest where the great shadow of the moon will sweep down in a cone 55 miles wide al triple the speed of a fast jet. Alaska and Maine are the only states in the path of totality. The eclipse begins in sunrise near Japan and ends three hours later in sunset over the north Atlantic with much of its course over the Pacific Ocean or the Canadian bush. Virtually the entire United Stales will see a partial eclipse but to a scientist-the brief period of tolality, in this case 59 seconds at Bar Harbor, is a moment oi truth. For a fleeting second or two before totality s « n 1 i g h I sparkles through valleys on the moon making a glitter like a celestial din- mpnd ring known as "Bailey's Beads." Totality itself brings into brilliant visibility the tenuous corona of glowing gas thai fringes the sun for thousands of miles. The 'incandescent corona is normally lost. In the greater glare of the full face of the sun. Scientists first discovered helium in the corona during a total eclipse a quarter century before it was discovered on earth. While nmalcui's will be cautiously viewing tho spectacles through heavy films or by projecting the image on B white cardboard, .scientists will be looking for hundreds of special effects. Since Ihe period of tolality is so brief, many groups concentrate on just one phase of research. The stars lhal glow in the vast reaches of space beyond Ihe sun will he checked for shifts in their apparent positions during the near darkness of totality. Such a shift corroborates what an eclipse first proved over forty years ago— Dial Albert Einstein's prediction that n massive body would "bend" light wns correct. Oilier scientists will check Ihe mysterious glow while some will try lo photograph the ghostly shadow bands flitting across shcels spread on the ground. These eerie shadows are caused by diffraction of sunlight streaming past the edge of the moon. Another group on Cadillac Mountain using a newly-invented temperature controlled photometer will measure shifts in air tern- pcralure al different elevations up to 130 miles. Their instrument is so precise It has a special cooling system to keep it exactly zero crnligradc to avoid errors due lo shifts in ils own IcmpcraUire. mending legislalion lo solve Ihe dispute and avert or stop a nationwide slrike. One highly placed member of Congress said he understood Kennedy would propose a narrowly reslricled solution applying only lo the current dispute. According lo this version, the three-man board headed by Judge Samuel Rosenman which previously made recommendations for settling the argument wovild he called back into the case. This time it would make detailed recommendations for solving all phases. The work rules would be held in abeyance during this reconsideration. Another Bargaining Period Then there would be another ,10- day period for bargaining by the rail lines and unions on these findings. Any items left unresolved would be settled by the board. The dispute involves what the carriers call "featherbeddinR." They want lo eliminate jobs, largely those of rtiesel freight firemen, which they maintain are unnecessary and are casting Ihe railroad's and the public J600 million a year. The unions have fought the proposals to institute the new work rules, contending the jobs are nec- cssary (or safety and training, Florida Baptists Oppose Integration JACKSONVILLE, Fla. (AP) — The Florida Baptist Association has adopted resolutions saying thai efforts to tovce racial integration are morally wrong and condemning the U.S. Supreme Court for outlawing enforced Bible reading in public schools. The Association, which took ils stand at its annual meeting Thursday, represents 100 churches of missionary Bnplisls in Florida. The Weal her Fair and warm with scat- Irird afternoon Ihundrrshow- m. High In the mid Sfl's. Tonight, cloudy with showers, hiKh In Ihr upper Ml Vs. Tomorrow, clearing nnd cooler with less humidity; high near Wt.
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