• «V v - • ' VV ''''"'''' '•••"-•*•• - " HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Saturday, January 17,1942 one Jap Holds Hawaiian Island— UntilBenny Kanahele Got Mad BETTY MCDONALD Service Staff Correspondent — Five days after the tld knew that the United States were at war, a Japanese at, .wearing a Japanese uniform, ndered peacefully at large on the kWailan island of Niihau. had landed his plane, out of on one of the most amazing is- in the world, and as he walked gh the only village there, he unmolested by the peace-loving awaiian natives. «Because there are no telephones or jios on Niihau, which is 100 miles Pearl Harbor, the inhabitants lid not know they were at war. 11*Only 180 Hawaiians and two Jap- aese live on this forbidden island, by the wealthy Robinson fam- direct descendants of a feudal iteader. Mrs. Elizabeth Sinclair, settled there in 1864. I, "The Japanese aviator was an incon- fgruous addition to that happy is- population, when he was dis- oVered by a band of Hawaiian cow- oys. LArmed Pilot Lands On ' 'Peace-Loving Isle ['He was armed with two pistols and machine gun which were promptly ita'ken away from him by the na- |tives. He was allowed, however, to nder about in this strange com- |munity on an island which had never mentioned, probably never ibeen mentioned, probably never |dreamed of, by official Japan. The story of his establishment, for la^'few brief hours, of a Japanese- Idominated "military regime," will go [down in annals of island history. Because, for those few hours, Japan ihad a base within 100 striking miles fot, Pearl Harbor. The story of this terrorism, told by |Benny Kanahele, the man who final- fly; killed the pilot, is a dramatic one. In pidgin-English, the six-foot, pure I blooded Hawaiian told of the arrival son December 7 of the Japanese in a ('single seater fighter plantc, apparent- ily damaged in the air attack over fOahu that day. "My neighbor, Havila Kaluwahanc, E found him, sitting in a daze by his f plane, so we took him to the Rob- |inson home and made him welcome," | explained the Hawaiian. "We allowed him to roam the is- l land, because we didn't know aboul ', the war. While he was at liberty [he met Harada and Shintani, the two | Japanese who were on Niihau is- fland, and persuaded them to help I him escape. The pilot asked Shin tan f tot go to Havila and get his 'war pa- and guns back with a bribe i of 200 yen. The papers were maps JofJOahu. "When this happened, Havila be- Tcanie suspicious and left Niihau with ; live other cowboys in a whaleboat ;for Kauai, 15 miles away. In mak- jfing their escape, the cowboys mount- horses and rode furiously through ttown in a hail of machine-gune bul- ; lets, because the Japanese, meanwhile, had recovered the guns and were in control of the village. •*! left the village that night with my wife, Ella, and the whole community, and we stayed in caves in tiie back of the hills. The next morn- iriif, Harada and the flier found me Benjamin Kanahele and his wife, Ella. He hurled stone wall . . . she beat his brains out. pitoTa?aiSt 0 a NEA Service Telephoto Some of the cowboys of the tiny Hawaiian island of Niihau, pictured in a whaleboat like the one which Havila Knluwalinne and companions escaped to seek aid. and my wife in a cave. They were suspicious that help was being sought by now, and the pilot had burned his plane. They asked me to find Havila and I pretended to help them search for him. "They were getting madder and madder and finally I think they were going to commit suicide because the pilot gave Harada his shotgun. Then I grabbed at the gun and the pilot shot me in the ribs, hi the opu (stomach) and the groin." Husky Benny Kanahele "got mad" according to his story. He picked up the pilot and threw him against the stone wall. Mrs. Kanahele's fighting blood was up, too, and she finished the job by bashing the pilot's brains out with a large rock, During this time, Harada shot and killed himself. When help from Kauai arrived, they found Kanahele had walked home "because he didn't feel so good." He is now recuperating at a Kauai hospital. 'Minute Men' Are All Set Air Raids Finds Modern Yankees Ready By JACK DEVLIN NEA Service Stuff Correspondent SPRINGFIELD, Mass.—The "Minute Man" is back in the news again as air raid warnings shriek over Atlantic ami Pacific seaboards. The "Minute Men" are workers for Springfield's City Emergency Committee, which, formed years ago, put this community a jump ahean when air raid precautions suddenly became necessary. Like their predecessors at Lexington and Concord in Revolutionary War days, the Twentieth Century guardians are poised for sudden disaster in any form — thanks to "premature" preparations launccd when most other municipalities contended that a bombing attack "can't happen here." The modern "Minute Men," and "Minute Women," too, are geared for air raids, floods, explosions, and con- flagerations after rolling up their sleeves and getting started with a vengeance back when bombs first started thudding down on England. Because of its head start, queries have been received by Springfield officials from municipalities in all sections of the country that want advce about adequate protection, too, now that the country is at war. So thorough is the organizatiin here that one out of every 100 citizens is playing a part in the city-wide emergency program. Springfield residents were not alarmists when they buckled down to their task—they were acting after having two forcible examples that showed the full value of preparedness. The first event was a record and disastrous flood in 1936 that threatened to wash half of the city down the usually placid Connecticut river. Then came the runaway tropical hurricane in 1938 that battered Springfield until it was groggy. "Minute Men" Studied Air Raids Springfield, with a population of 150,000, did the best it could in both emergencies but decided further preparations were necessary. Back of the present all-out emergency program is brisk, dark-haired Roger Lowell Putnam, 47-year-old mayor and successful manufacturer who has just been reelected for his third term in office on the slogan that a city needs the same type of business administration that industry demands. Surrounding himself with a nucleus of business and industrial leaders at a time when virtually no one knew what should be done, the mayor said he wanted the best civilian defense program in the country. "Hang on We Must, Hang on We Will' .. The dramatic words of Gen. Gordon Bennett, "Hang on we must and hang nu we will," was slvcn'o thcs^lcmi wiry Australians in one of the last pliolos before the outbreak of the war in the Pacific. These same Australian troops went through'the Malayan Jungle Maneuvers when this photo was made and now are flRhthiB fiercely to the J»p advance toward Singapore. 'Hey! Yhat's the Idea?" Iceland Forces Ready to Fight ., Marines in Outpost Keep Watch 24-Hours Day By DREW MIDDLETON AP Feature Service 'REYKJAVIK—Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, U. S. Marine Corps anti-aircraft gunners watch the skies of Iceland, waiting for a shot at the Luftwaffe. i It is so quiet that you can hear the sentry's footballs on frozen ground 200 yards away. The lights of Reykjavik glow against an iron-black sky. The blackout which has shadow, ed Europe from Londo nto Moscow has not yet touched Reykjavik. All around in the silence are men 1 with guns, men underground waiting fpr (he word which would set in motion a cleverly contrived defense ripping the skies with hundreds of rounds " per minute; men sleeping or playing cards in Nissen huts, men standing i nthe darkness watching and listening. Eager For Action /i These marines can get their guns • * into action in an incredibly short 'time, and are eager to try their strength. "I wish they'd come," said a private from Boston. "We know damn Well we can knock 'em down." " 'Familiar to the gunners are the ' types of German bombers most likely tp be used against Iceland. The walls of their Nissen huts are covered with pictures and silhouettes of the planes. The marines unhesitatingly name any British or American plane which flies over the post. "Hell, we ought to be able to," they say. "We eat, sleep and work with the damned things." Everything possible has been done to bring anti-aircraft defense of this island to a high state of efficiency. American and British gunners are hot rivals, and there is money bet on Who knocks down the first bomber. Joint Defense Plans The marines .through joint defense plans with the U. S. Army Air Corps and the RAF, expect to be able to handle both horizontal and dive bomber attacks, although the Junkers 87 German dive bomber is not believed to have a sufficient range to jnake the trip from Norway's well stocked airfields. Scattered throughout the widespread posts, on Iceland are underground communication centers, connected with a bidden direction room which controls the gun fire. Gun positions are as orderly as a battleship turret. A ser- Allies Lose Bases, Miles in Orient <T\A(licd Bases 'B' HcId by Japs Japanese Bases Japanese Thrusts Loss of Manila and Hong Kong, only allied bases on the China Sea, puts the allies under additional distance handicaps in the Orient. Map shows how only part of Japanese territory is within allied bomber range unless Russia grants use of Vladivostok and other Far East bases. often they could do it in their sleep. They'll knock hell out of those krauts." Morale, always high, hit its peak December 7—Pearl Harbor Sunday. A marine from Glenside, Pa., summed it up this way: "We knew then that we'd stopped fooling around. Thi.s is what we're here for. Let 'em come." The tuberculosis death rate of 111- geant commanding the gun crew said: I inois was 45.2 per 100,000 of the pop"The men have done dummy drill uu ulation durijig 1W9. This Is, in Fact, a Bank Alarm "We may never have an actual bombardment," he said. "We may never have another hurricane or disastrous flood. But, we'll be ready if they do come." There was no literature available at the time to help the men organize and learn how to cope with an aerial blitzkrieg, so they wrote to the British Information Bureau in New York and bought every book and pamphlet available on the subject. They studied them, organized classes and taught others. These instructors taught still others. Today, after months and months of hard work day and night, they arc still teaching. And, for the most part, the people want to learn and do their part. Every bit of the work is voluntary, too. The city would make a ripe target for an invader. It is on the so-called St. Lawrence River invasion route and next to a river whose surface, glimmering in the darkness, could lead a bomber overhead. In the city is the sprawling U. S. Arsenal where Uncle Sam is rushing production of Springfield and Garand rifles. Industries Well Protected Other industries produce injectors for Diesel engines, aircraft magnetos, bomb and shell fuses, motorcycles and radios. The arsenal, incidentally and of historical interest, is on a site selected personally by George Washington. The defense committee has a division devoted to each service needed. It starts with the air raid specialists, who would report where bombs had fallen along with the damage and casualties, and includes medical health and social services, supplies, transportation, communications, food, fuel, shelter, utilities and public information. Industries have organized their own fire departments and have bought equipment. A complete air raid center has been set up in the basement of the District Court. There is one battery of ten telephones for handling calls coming in from air raid wardens, and another battery for sending information out to police and fire departments, the Red Cross, health and utility offices. An auxiliary headquarters is also planned. If telephone services are disrupted, two-way short-wave radios will be used. For auxiliary purposes, there are motorcycle and bicyycle couriers and even Boy Scouts to run messages. Practically everybody wants to help. The Red Cross alone has 6000 enrolled to aid in its work and there are 500 other tentative enrollees who are marking time now until facilities can be obtained to provide them with instruction in first aid and other fields. Springfield doesnt flatly claim to have the first and best Civilian Defense Committee, but the officials don't deny it cither. And, already, Mayor Putnam is laying the groundwork for post-war work. "We'll be ready then, too," ha said. ROANOKE, Va. —(O>)— When the gong sounds in a local business house, it's a signal that a trip to the bank is in order. Under instructions to make a deposit at a certain hour each day, tlie manager uses an alarm clock, to make sure he won't forget. Blue whales may attain a weight exceeding that of any of the giant prehistoric myniterti. How U. S. War Production Will Zoom in '42 and '43 1941 PLANES 1942 We'd See It A building on the moon, earth's satellite, only a few hundred feet long would be visible through our large modern telescopes. Death Cause Heart disease is the chief cause of death in the Ignited States. It has a rate of 268.0 deaths per 100,000 population. 19,000 TANKS 60,000 45,000 Combat 7500 GUNS (Anti- Aircraft) 45,000 SHIPS (Merchant vessels) 1,000,000 TONS 8,000,000 TONS 1943 125,000 100,000 Combat 75,000 35,000 10,000,000 TONS Medium Rare With Infra-Red Working Over Hot- Stove to Soon Be Eliminated o AP Feature Service ST. LOUIS, Mo.—You've probably seen yourself and your friends with that bad-dHy-ovcr-nhot-stovo look- straggly hiilr, perspiration, steam-bath fatigue. Well, cheer up, girls, that soon may be n thing of the past. Out here they're cooking hums with infra-red rays directed by gold-plated reflectors and the engineers are conjuring up ways of putting gold- plated ovens in your kitchens. Then you'll be able to cook and bake without noticeable heat cither in the stove or the kitchen. In H recent demonstration a 14- pound hum wns hung by wires from the ceiling and a battery of infra-red bulbs in gold-lined reflectors wns placed nround it. With no heat, no fussing and very little ' WHlching of the ham, it wns cooked tlcliciously in an hour and 20 minutes. Willinm H. Call, who demonstrated the bulbs, said food is cooked from the inside out in this process. The gold reflectors reverse the direction of infra-red rnys without absorbing nny nnd the reflectors cool throughout the cooking. Infra-red bulbs arc widely used commercially—to dry and bake paint on automobiles, speed ink drying und even to kill germs nnd pnrusitcs. In another stunt, spectators lighted cigarettes from sparks that jumped from the finger tips of Marie Peterson who sat in nn 'electric chair" while millions of volts of electricity passed through her body without harm. P. E. Chapman, electrical engineer, explained the current was stepped up to a rfcqucncy of 1,500,000 cycles per second. The human body's nervous system docs not respond to such high frequencies and, therefore, is not harmed, he said. For electrocutions, current at about 10,000 cycles is used —and it does harm the victims. 0 cc STAMP NEWS o Planes, tanks, guns and ships—U, S. war industries will turn them out with skyrocketing increases 194i! and 1043. Chart compares production predicted by President Roosevelt with 1941 estimates, in COMMEMORATING the ccnten- * ^* ary of the death of Juan Lavalle, Argentina army general, the postal authorities at Buenoq Aires released 20 million copies 1 of a stamp bearing his likeness. Lavalle, a newcomer to philately, (.« was a soldier who opposed the rule' of the .notorious "tyrant of Buenos Aires," Juan Manuel dc Ro-j sas. Postmarks for the first-day, covers In Argentina will be dia- 1 mond-shaped instead of round.; (0 * * * \ Panama's plan to issue a series' bf special stamps commemorating the proposed visit by Calderon; Guardia, president of Costa Rica, \vas suspended upon the recent busting of Dr. Arnulfo Arias, for-' hier president of Panama. > * * * "> Recent arrivals in U. S. include,' .the Rumanian stamp commemorating the crossing of the Dniester; River into U. S. S. R. by Ruma-' plan troops in World War II. The »tamp bears the figure of Duca jVoda, a military commander in the Ukraine in 1654, and is inscribed "Transnistria." * * * ' French India, a colony which' has cast its lot with General Charles de Gaulle, leader ofthei (Free French forces, is using Brit-, 'ish stamps on its airmail letters.; i British authorities co-operating iwith the French to carry out gov-, Jernmental affairs, established a (post office at Pondicherry, and Indian stamps are being used on airmail letters sent from the capital! Although French India has never; had an airmail stamp of its own,' a series is expected to be printed 1 in London within a few months, i 'I 0 * I I New issues: France issued a 1- fnmc plus 9fr deep green semi- jpostal for the benefit of children of fathers lost at sea. It picture^ •a fisherman with a sailing vessel Jin upper left. . . . Gautemala issued a 2-centavos light green to 'commemorate the "Second Pan 1 'American Day of Health." TJOHEMIA and Moravia have ft? sued stamps to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mteart who' died Dec. 5, 1791. Two high val- jlies will bear a portrait of Mozart while .others bear illustrations of the old Prague City Theater in which Mozart's opera "Don Gio. Vanni" yras produced for the first time,- ] ••••*. • • • i . The Russo-German War will bf' tl* subject of a series of '"vie.-* tory" stamps to be issued by RuV Xaanja; One design shows Rumanian forces cussing the Dnies- ter river into. Russia.) ', * H> * The Pan American Union will' ifoe.a depository for specimen cop-." 1 ies of all stamps to be issued by the 21 member republics. It is expected that close collaboration among the American nations in ' )their postal affairs will bring a Stronger hemisphere solidarity. , The Union will receive three ee.ts of the stamps, one of which >v.Ul be- mounted on display sheets with 'annotated texts and will be r < ,available to accredited organiza* 'tioris for exhibition. * * # New Issues: The Dominican Republic special delivery IQ-centa- fvos has been changed from yel- • low green to blue green.... Turkey is expected to release a commemorative series in honor of the 14th agricultural fair at Smyrna. ; . .• , The Orval Abbey semi-postal series issued by Belgium last sum- ; pier has appeared in two largo Souvenir sheets..
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