Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 17, 1942 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, January 17, 1942
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Worid-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope Star The Weather Warmer in the east and south portion Saturday with occasional light rains in the northwest portion. /OLUME 43 — NUMBER 81 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 17, 1942~ 'APl-JMeans Associated Press (NEA)»—Means Newspaper Enterprise A»»'n PRICE 5c COPY Push on Baton Begun Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator WILLIS THORNTON Bombing and Boredom Private Barrow What sounds like a flippant remark about a grave subject is not really so flippant when you stop to think about it. •The remark is that the worst thing about war is that it is such •* terrible bore. That doesn't mean that one grows bored with war as a debutante grows bored with receiving white orchids. It means that there is one terrible and dangerous aspect of war that is concerned with an immense and overwhelming weariness. g "Prime Minister Xhurchill Shows Up in England ••' British Leader Expected to Address .Empire on U. S. j Conferences LONDON-OT 1 )—Prime Minister Winston Churchill stepped prosaicilly fro ma train Saturday afternoon, home from a historic visit to the United States, and Canada after having flown jjhe Atlantic from Burmuda to'Plym- outh. The-Prime Minister and four of his chief lieutenants made the long jump from the western hemisphere in u four-engined flying boat of the British airways. •*•' Is was expected that Mr. Churchill would broadcast a report to the Empire soon—possibly Sunday night. He had readied Washington on December 22 after a secret trip from London. Backward China , Comes of Age Graduates This Week as Full; Fledged Power By JOHN GROVER AP Feature Service Writer China, the backward kid from across the international tracks who had to fight for education and life, graduated lit the top of the 1942 class this week as a full-fledged world power. The anti-Axis alliance acknowledged China's power when Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was named com- mandcr-in-chief of allied operations >hi the China theater. Events of the past fortnight justify the recognition. China massed large, veteran forces in Kwangsi and Yunnan Provinces, a menace to the Japanese in Indo- China. They routed the Japs at Changsha with 50,000 casualties. Chi- tkse forces wcru reported gviing increasing help to the defense of Singapore. Welcome Aid This was concrete and welcome wid for the hard-pressed Allies. That £hina still had aid to give after taking Japan's Sunday punches since 1937 attests the power and resources of the Chinese nation. Schoolbooks always stress the rapid rise of Japan from feudal country to world power from 1853 to 1005. China's Hate of progress makes the Japanese look strictly minor league. China did it in 30 years. Japan had the cooperation of all the other powers except for the brief Russo-Japanese War. China has had to resist Japanese aggression from without and msurgent warlords from within almost from the day Sun Vat Sen overthrew the Mauchus October 10, 1911. Carved Up China The war lords—some of them had Jap backing—curved up China until file second revolution threw them out in 1927. The Japanese seized Manchuria and razed the native quarter of Shanghai in 1932. They came back The United Slates has been at war only little over six weeks, so this aspect of war doesn't concern us now. But it may, and it is just as well to understand it in udvcncc. When a war has just begun, or even in its more active phases, there is a tremendous wave of patriotic enthusiasm. But all Ihc waging of war does not consist of a series of dashing deeds. Waging war consists in grinding labor, in doing a thousand little things well, and in doing them over and over again as long as it may be necessary. And the country that can keep doing them longest is the country that wins. You probably got a great kick out of buying that first defense bond. But the second week it was less thrilling the sixth still less so, and by the time the sixtieth week and the hundredth an dthe two hundredth have pasesd, the whole thing tends to drop into a routine. Thus we are authentically told that in Germany even repealed victory had come, by the time of the fall of Greece, to be a bit of a bore in Berlin. They may be less bored there now. For instance, Noel F. Hall, British economic envoy to the United States, says that "the cumulative effect of the petty annoyances of the temporary loss of a large variety of small things must, I think, have been much mare serious to the morale of heavily bombed populations than would have been a larger number of deaths and series injuries. People rise to the mark in speqtacu- lar crises, and even bad news is not too hard to take when you feel you are striking back. It is Uic long periods of inactvity, the petty annoyances and nuisances, the constant and relentless pressure, that drag peoples spirits down—in other words they induce boredom. Peoples like the Germans, Japanese and Italians, have been living in a state of things for 10 years and more which the United States is just approaching. Do things like standing in line for a use tax stamp for your car bore you'.' Well, remember that if we have to do it for three or four years, that's still 10 years less than the other fellow lias been doing it. * * * Nothing inthe professional carcei of Joseph Barrow, amaznig thougl H was, became him like the leaving of it. Joe Louise has been a fair, clean fighter in the ring, and a decent, self- respecting citizen outside il. Not only those of his race, but all Americans, have reason to be proud of his conduct, a pride heightened by his climaxing-of an unparalleled championship career by giving his entire share of the proceeds of his last fight to Navy relief and then enlisting us a private in the Army. He has set an example to Americans of his race, and to all Americans. We wish him as good luck in his new career as Private Barrow as he has had in his long career as Joe Louis, heavyweight champion. British Forces in Libya Take Halfaya Pass 5,500 German, Italian Troops Surrender Unconditionally CAIRO—(/P)—Halfaya Puss, Axis stronghold on the Egyptain-Libymi desert frontier, fell to the British troops Saturday with unconditional surrender of more than 5,000 of its hard-pressed garrison. Thus the British smashed German and Italian attempts to parallel the British stronghold stand at Tobruk— and thus too the British won access to the main coastal route of supply to their advance assault forces which has pursued the main hotly of Axis forces 300 miles farther west. Axis canrtn! of the sleep sided pass which Britain dubbed "Hellfire" had forced the British to move their reinforcements and supplies over a tortuous desert detour almost 100 miles to the south. The British bypassed Halfayu last November 18 when they drove into Libya for a second test of strength with Axis desert forces. The Axis garrison fortified the pass with artillery, trenches and dugouts and withstood a battering for almost two months. Outline of Japanese Plans for Conquering the Pacific (Continued on Page Three) ^ ._ — W «-<B. Cranium Crackers Farm Problems. Supposedly there's nothing greener in the country than a city boy, but even if you hail from the , /bright light sector you should know the answers to these: 1. America's greatest wheatpro- ducing region is in New England, the deep south, or the middle west'.' 2. The boll weevil is an insect which attacks barley, cotton, or 'apple trees? 3. Name three imjjortant products made from milk. 4. Is Ohio, Idaho, or Iowa the state where the tall corn grows? 5. Straighten out these state- f:..-nl&: Pilch corn! chop wheal; plow hay; sow cotton. rs uu CMJIU; Page. Opposition in One City Race Ross Spears, Edwin Stewart Seek Ward 3 Post The six o'clock deadline for filing Friday found candidates in four of five city races unopposed in the city election winch will be held here on Tuesday, February 17. The only race with opposition is for alderman of Ward three with Ross Spears, incumbent opposed by Edwin W. Stewart for the post. Other races include: city attorney, E. F. McFaddii), seeking re-election; T. R. Billingsley, city clerk, seeking re-election; Dale Jones, alderman Ward four, and Jessie Brown, Ward three. Hemisphere Has Plenty of Food All Staple Products Can Be Grown in Americas Fortunately, for consumers in the United. States, there's no staple food and practically no food delicacy that cannot be grown somewhere in this hemisphere, says Mis? Mary Claude Fletcher, county home demonstration agent. For years, Miss Fletcher says, we have counted on the countries of South America, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean to supply us with many tropical or subtropical foods. And, now that-trade with the Eastern Hemisphere is curtailed, we look southward to these neighbors for increasing amounts of other foods. As you munch chocolates, you can remember that supplies of cocoa in this hemisphere are ample. Tropical Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Venezuela are leading producers. We in the United States who drink nearly half the coffee consumed in the world, are right next door to the countries Dial supply the world. Most coffee is grown in South America, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean, with Brazil way out ahead in production. Runner-up only to coffee in value of exports fro mthe other Western Hemisphere republic! to the United States is sugar. Ordinarily we in the continental United States grow about one-third of our own sugar, depend upon our insular areas and the Latin American countries—chiefly Cuba—for the rest. Of the tropical fruits, the banana is a favorite. These come to us the year round from sources in this hemisphere. Coconuts arc grown most extensively on islands in the Pacific, but we have producers in the Caribbean and in Central America. Pineapple, another favorite fruit, grows in this hemisphere mainly in Cuba and Mexico. From our neighbor countries, we import also varying quantities of tapioca, flour, cashew nuts, molasses, dry vegetables, grapes, peaches, pears, melons, spices, vanilla, and other flavoring materials. As part of a long-time program to develop trade between the Americas, | the United States Department of Agri' culture in cooperation with the coordinator of Inter-American affairs has taken steps to stimulate production of many foods in the Latin-American countries. These are foods we cannot grow successfully here because of climatic conditions or other reasons—or foods that we cannot grow in sufficient quantities for our own use, Miss Fletcher Says. 1 Surprise attack (Pearl Har•*- bar) during peace negotiations; scattered raids and cap turo of vital areas in periods of time shown. SOVIET RUSSIA More scattered raids, (a include Alaska, Panama and small Pacific islands with object of dispersing and crippling U. S. fleet; then all-out attack on Hawaii in April, with Oahu to fall in a week.' "2 Japan to allow an exhaust'-' ed, stunned America to sue for peace, or face all-out invasions of Alaska, Panama and S west coast 2£ KAMCHATKA :. •Marshall Is. SINGAPOREWf • - « *•««' Galapagos Is.'-' (Ecuador) PANAM * A CANAL Borneo, Malaya, PACIFIC OCEAN H United Nations ff'/T -pi Jopon ono V///A Occupied Areas AUSTRALIA Defender's Right Flank Attacked by Jap Forces Enemy Troops Advance in Malaya, Start Drive Inside Burma WASHINGTON-(/P)-The War Department announced Saturday that a heavy Japanese attack was in progress against the right flank of American and Philippine troops in the Batan Peninsula in the Philippines. A communique said the enemy was well supported by aircraft and artillery and greatly outnumbered General Douglas MacArthur's troops but "the defenders are stubbornly contesting the attempted advance. MacArthur's right flank is anchored on Manila Bay and defends the long highway extending southward down the rugged Batan peninsula to Corregidor fortress, entrance to Manila Bay. Japan's plans for a quick contest in the Pacific to bring the United States to its knees within a year, are described m a book which a Porean patriot, Kilsoo Haan, tells , Washington he stole from Nipponese officials in the United States last year. Map spots successive moves which the book outlines Train Collision Fatal to Five Many Others Hurt in Wreck Late Friday LITTLE ROCK-(/P)-A head-on collision between a switch engine and a passenger train on the Missouri Pacific main at Perla, Ark., 40 miles southwest of Little Rock, killed five persons and injured 27 others late Friday. Four of the dead and 21 of the injured were soldiers. The dead: Otis Thacker, Patsy, Ky. James L. Stewart, 130 East Second St., Newport, Ky. Alfred Tackett, Landville, W. Va. James S. Stevenson, 2010 Douglas blvd., Louisville, Ky. C. S. Ederle, Little Rock, Ark., division road foreman of engines for the Missouri Pacific. Major Dwight Lawson, executive officer at the army and navy general hospital, Hot Springs, who gave out the official list of dead and injured, said next of kin of the soldiers had been notified. Thirteen of (lie injured soldiers were in the Hot Springs hospital, eight were taken to the station hospital at Camp Joseph T. Robinson near Little Rock, five of the injured trainmen were in the Missouri Pacific hospital at Little Rock and one trainman in the hospital at Malvern. Thu official list ot soldiers in the Hot Springs hospital was: William A. Stone, Richmond, Ky. Clarence Roark, Willcot, Ky. Edward L. Davis, Highlands, Texas. Norman J. Davis, St. Louis, Mo. Glenn Roberts, Richmond, Ky. James M. Taylor, Olive Hill, Ky. Barry Slonc, Lucey, Ky. Robinson S. Winfield, Jr., Grays, Ky. Harry W. Ray, Lancaster, Ky. Cyril H. Rolf, Newport, Ky. Glen Roar, Graham, Ky. W. T. Sebastian, Lancaster, Ky. Charles Seals, Mt. Vcrnon, Ky. Major Lawson said the extent of their injuries had not been determined. The injured trainmen, all residents of Little Rock, who were taken to the Missouri Pacific hospital were Conductor Sid Slack; Brakeman Pat Mc- (Llnden, "Peeweo" 1 'WUkerson and Dr. Matt Ellis Speaks at Teachers Meet Dr. Matt Ellis, president of Henderson State Teachers college was principal speaker at a meeting of the Hcmpstead county teachers at the courthouse 10 o'clock Saturday morning. The group discussed ways wluch tlie county teachers might take part jji th,e jia.{iuiial Jrfeuse program. Charles A, Haynes Co. to Give Fashion Show A fashion show featuring Martha Manning dresses in half sizes and regular sizes will be given at the Charles A. Haynes Co. Monday afternoon from 3 to 4 o'clock. The showing, which is free, will be open to the public. All day Monday the stylist will be at the department store to confer with local women and to aid in selecting styles appropriate for their particular Two Hope Policemen Acitpt New Positions The Hope Police Department announced Saturday that two members of the local force had resigned to accept positions elsewhere. Donald Gunter is now employed as a guard on, the railroad and Elbert May has; accepted a. position with the proof division of the ordnance- department of the Southwestern Proving Ground. License Deadline Again Extended Final Date for City Tag Purchase Is February 2 LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—Acting Governor Bob Bailey granted motorists a second extension of time late Friday for purchase of 1942 license tags. Several hours before the deadline under the first extension granted by Governor Adkins, Bailey issued a proclamation giving motorists 14 additional days, or until midnight January 30, to purchase tags without payment of a penalty. The action increased the total extension period to the 30-day maximum allowed by the 1939 license law. In granting the second extension, Bailey, serving as chief executive while Adkins is in Washington, said he was acling upon recommendation of Revenue Commissioner Joe Hard- Contracts Let on. U.S Shipping 632 Merchant Marine Vessels to Be Built by 1943 WASHINGTON -tfP)- The Marine commission announced Saturday it had negotiated contracts for construction of 632 additional merchant vessels. These, it said, would bring the Marine program up to President Roosevelt's request for 8 million deadweight tons of shipping this year and 10 million next year. Captain Howard L. Dickery, a member of the commission said "all vessels will be completed by the end of 1343." m. City Tng Deadline February 2 City Treasurer Charles Reynerson said Saturday that only 250 city automobile tags had been sold to date, leaving some BOO to be sold within the next two weeks. The deadline is February 2, at midnight. Mr. Reynerson urged autoists to purchase tags now and avoid the last min- rush. (Continued on page three) Cotton By the Associated Press NEW YORK Close March Jg.25 May 18.44 July 18.56 October 18.78 December 1882 NEW YORK March 18.20 May 18.35 July 18.47 October 18.60 December J.g,6a Free French Seize 3 Ships Allies Raid Spanish Island, Take Axis Vessels MADRID—Jan. 17 by AP)— Three Axis merchantmen have been siezed by Free French destroyers in a raid on the harbor of Santa Isabel in non- beligerent Spanish Island of Fernando Poo off the west coast of Africa, the newspaper Arrida asserted Saturday. Arrida, the official organ of the Falange, sole political party of Spain, indicated Spain already may have uwle the seizure* a diplomatic itsue. Emmet Defeats Prescott 41-31 Osborn, Emmet, Scores 16 Points for Nevada Eleven The Emmet high school basketball team defeated the Prescott team 41 to 31 Friday night in the Curley Wol- ve.s' gymnai.sum. The game was hard- fought all the way. Osborn of Emmet was high scorer with 1G points followed by Eley, of Frcscott with 13 points. Willis of Prescolt and Arnett of Emmet were third with 12 points each. Carol Lombard, 21 Others Feared Lost LOS ANGELES-(/Pj—Fun loving Carole Lombard, wife of Clark Gable, and 21 other passengers including her mother and 15 army fliers apparently perished Friday night in a crash of a TWA luxury liner near Los Vegas, Ncv. Trojans Take Hope 25 to 23 Outscorc Bobcats in 3-Minute Overtime Period The Hot Springs Trojans outscored the Hope Bobcats 5-3 in a 3-minute overtime period here Friday night to score a hard fought 25 to 23 victory over the local basketball squad. Trailing, 10 to 8, at the halftime period the Trojans pulled into a 20 to 14 lead in the last period but the Hope boys evened the count as the whistle blew, making an extra period necessary By the Associated Press By ROGER D. GREENE AP War Editor An official Tokyo broadcast said Saturday that Japanese invasion armies had broken through Australian defense lines in the Batu Taha sec- lor, only 50 miles northwest of Singapore, and apparently the crisis was near on the fate of Britain's 400 Tail- lion dollar stronghold. |( Another Tokyo dispatch datelined "with the Japanese forces on Batah" 1 -peninsula, Luzon Island" declared that U. S. army defenders of the Philippines were in general retreat toward the coast of Manila Bay, apparently hoping to find shelter on Corregidor j Island. The Tokoy radio said Japanese ob-' servation planes reported American, 'and: Philippine artillerymen' abandon* ing battery positions and large col-~ umns joining in the general retreat toward Manila Bay on the west coast. British headquarters in Singapore acknowledged that Japanese troops had gdiried footholds on the south bank of the strategic Muar. river, 90 miles north of Johbre strait which separates Singapore Island frbm the mainland. Singapore dispatches said a major battle was developing in the Malayan jungles to the northwest. Domei, official Japanese news agency, declared that Japanese troops had reached Batu Taha sector at dawn. Saturday. To the north other Japanese columns were reported striking into British Burma—defended by mixed forces of American aviators and Chinese and British Imperial troops—in. an attempt to cut off China's backdoor route of war supplies. Dispatches from Rangoon, the Burmese capital, said contact had been In the overtime period the Bobcats went in front on a free throw but "icoc ueiimui, sam uuniaci naa peen Hot Springs took the lead seconds made with the Japanese at Myitta, in i,to,. ,,,;iu „ f;-u „—i tr— i .1 a broad valley 12 miles inside Burma. later with a field goal. Hope looped the basket to again pull in from but a field goal and a free throw in the waning seconds gave the game to Hot Springs. The heated contest left the fairly large crowd limp. It was nip and tuck all the way with both teams about evenly matched. McCullough was high point man with 12 points, followed by Mamhan. of Hot Springs with 10. All players on both teams turned in excellent games, fighting hard from start to finish. Looks Like Honesty's Still Best Policy FREMONT, O.— (/P)-An unsual plea by John Lewis won him leniency on a non-supporting charge. Asked what plea he wished to enter, Lewis told Judge A. V. Baumann: "Well, judge, if I pleads guilty, I'll have to go to jail, and if 1 pleads not guilty, I wouldn't exactly be telling the truth." Judge Baumann gave Lewis time to think it over, and the defendant later was discharged when he reached settlement terms with prosecutor. California poppies are not native to California nor to America, but came from the old world. Daily Drilling Report of S. Arkansas By ARK. OIL & GAS COMMISSION McKamic (ItiO acre spacing) pretainers Carter: Hanes No. 2, Elev. 297, T. D. 9285, coring lime 9285 down. Atlantic: Bodcaw No. 9, Drlg. 8340. Bodcaw No. 10, Loc.; C-SE Sec. 32, 1723. Macedonia (80 acre spacing) Atlantic: Warnock-Brewer No. I', Lot-.; C-S',i SW Sec. 15, 18-21. McAlestcr: Snider Unit No. 1, Elev. 268, T. D. 8910 W. O. C. Brcwer-Warnock No. 1, Drlg. 8472 Mt. Holly (40 acre spacing) Atlantic: Davis E-l, Drilling cement Big Creek (160 acre spacing) J. W. Love: Stager No. 1. Cut out pipe and gone in lo wash hole. Midway (40 acre spacing) Barnjsdall: Bond No. 1. Conun. Engrg. running flow tests. On production. Dorchcat (40 acre spacing) Atlantic: Pjnewoods B-l. Moving in equipment and bldg. road. Testing Cotton Valley shows from 8600-6400. Wildcats RcAlester: Jefiut, No. 1. Drlg. 4M5. Local Negroes to Aid Defense Out-of-School Youths to Take Training Courses All negro out-of-school youth over 16 years old in the community who desire to register for vocational training in National Defense courses are asked to meet at Henry C. Yerger high school Sunday afternoon at 2:30. It is possible to continue vocational courses in the Hope community or. assign trainees to other defense training centers. Twenty-one young men have completed from 120 to 250 hours of practice and study in defense course in Electricity A-4, and mechanics A-2. Certificates from the Federal Security Agency, U. S. Office of Education- and the War Department have been issued to the following: Electricity— Ellis Brown, James M. Betton, Tyce Galloway, Vernon Webb, Earle Johnson, John Williamson, L. C. McFadden, W. T. Green, B. O. Williamson, Elvin Johnson. Mechanic — Lloyd Washinrgton, Linzie Washington, Junius Pryor, Chester Harris, Joseph McFadden, Aubry McFadden, Brice Pondexter, George Harris, John E. Gamble, Benjamin Bradley, Melvin Thornton. The school authorities, National Defense committee, and the Citizens of Hope have cooperated with the vocational department of Yerger High School in making possible this defense training. -- ---I — • Peter Cooper, in building the "Tom Thumb," first steam locomotive to haul a passenger train in the United States, in 1830, used musket barrels for boiler tubes. 1 I I The "masse shot" is used in bill-. ards and is a stroke made by hitting the cue ball vertically, w newly 33^ •

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