six THE NORTH ADAMS. MASSACHUSETTS. TRANSCRIPT MONDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 15, 1963 transcript Founded 1843 I'uttliiheii fly The Triinscrijil Publishing Amociation A Mastachuseltt Triul !><jst«»i: Jimu A. H«rdm«n, Jr., Rob.rt H«rdm»n, EJw«rd N. 6»d»b» Editor, Jam»« A. Hardman, Jr. Business Manager, Robert Hardman Managing Editor, Philip A. L** Editorial They Asked For It If the voters of Massachusetts again express their disenchantment with the State Legislature by repealing the whopping salary increase that body recently voted itself, the law makers will have no one to blame but themselves. For their entire handling of the pay raise issue indicated that the majority of legislators were motivated by simple greed, rather than any particular desire to upgrade government in Massachusetts. In the first place, the legislators absolutely refused to listen to those among them who, demonstrating at least some sense of the fitness of things, urged that the pay increase should not become effective until after the elections of 19G<i. In fact, the majority attempted to make the pay boost retroactive to January. They gave up this crass idea only when Gov. Peabody — who is strongly sympathetic toward higher- pay for legislators — announced that he would not approve a retroactive pay increase. In the second place, the House had to be virtually clubbed over the head in order to permit the public to vote on the pay increase, as provided by law. Riding roughshod over its more responsible members, who objected to the procedure, the House majority deliberately and with malice aforethought gimmicked the pay increase bill in a manner that would have stopped any attempt by the voters to repeal it. Again, only the refusal of the Governor to sign such tricky legislation caused the House to back down. Even many of those who supported the idea of a pay increase on the grounds that it would attract better candidates for the legislature and help combat corruption in government — both untested and highly theoretical premises — were repelled by the greediness shown by the law makers in trying to push through this time an immediate and extremely generous boost in their own pay which would be repeal proof. Although efforts to prevent the legislators from collecting their 50 per cent increase— from 55,200 to $7,800 plus a generous tax free expense account and substantial increases in meal, travel and hotel allowances— until after the coming elections were not successful, it now appears likely that the question of repealing the whole package will be on the ballot next year. The Legislature only last year had a smaller salary boost taken away by the state's alienated voters. On the basis of their behavior this time, their pay grab deserves the same fate. Only Yesterday Ted Turner Honored on Victory; Fr. Scanlon Left St. Francis 30 Years Ago A local branch of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People was organized in North Adams and officers of the organization included James Burghardt of Williamstown, president; James Cm-wood of North Adams, vice president; Mrs. Helen King of Williamstown. secretary; and Mrs. Helen Porter of North Adams, treasurer. * * * More than 60 persons from all over Berkshire County honored Ted Turner, golf professional at the North Adams Country Club, who had won the state open championship at Bclmont Springs, July 1. Former Mayor William K. Greer made the gift presentation. * * + Adams barbers, all members of the newly organized Barbers Union Local 250, set a standard of prices and hours for all bar- berships to follow. The price of haircuts was raised from 25 to 35 cents. * * * 2fl Years Ago Charles E. Caldwell Jr., head football and baseball coach at Williams College, where he had taught for 15 years, was appointed tine coacl* at Yale University. He was given a leave of absence by Williams, which bad discontinued intercollegiate sports for the duration of the war. Transfers of 71 curates in the Springfield Diocese were announced by Bishop Thomas M. O'Leary. The Rev. Francis W. Scnnlon of St. Francis was transferred to Holy Family, Springfield, and was replaced here by the Rev. Thomas F. O'Malley. * * * Frederick H. Armstrong of Adams, former first lieutenant with Co. M, when the unit left Adams in 1941, was promoted to the rank of major at Camp Gordon, Ga. V * * 10 Years Ago More than 2,000 children enjoyed a field day st Renfrew Field in Adams, the first event of its kind in that town, sponsored by the Adams Police and Fire Departments. + * * Charles L. Warner of Charlemont was officially named superintendent of the Northern Berkshire School Union — comprising schools in the towns of Clarksburg, Florida, Monroe and Savoy — to succeed David .1. Malcolm who retired after 23 years in the post. « * * The Rev. Brewer Burnett, a former North Adams resident and pastor of the Green Ridge Presbyterian Church in Scranton, Pa., was elected moderator of the Pennsylvania Synod, the largest Presbyterian Synod in the United States. THIS FUNNY WORLD 7-r> "Let me know how you makt outl" Inside Report How Sen. Keating Became Capital's Expert on Cuba By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK WASHINGTON—It was Washing at its wackiest when Sen. Kenneth B, Keating parlayed a few lips, a hard-working staff, and unlimited gall into overnight recognition as the nation's No. 1 Cuba expert. In fact, the source of the New York Republican's apparently endless inside knowledge about Soviet operations behind the Castro curtain remains Washington'i best-kept secret. To this very day, the White House is dying to know the identity of Keating's "government leak." The answer is hilariously simple: he had no government informants. At least no direct government informants. * * * KEATING'S CHIEF source wai a friendly newspaper correspondent who gave his remarkably reliable tips to Keating after—not before—(he information appeared in his osvn newspaper back liome. The full story of (his magnificent political coup which brought national prominence to the senator can now be told, It began on Friday, Aug. 31, last year, just before the Labor Day weekend, Though not regard. ed then as a Cuba specialist, Keating was about to give a routine Senate speech pummeling President Kennedy for the Soviet presence in Cuba, Then came a telephone call to Keating from the friendly newsman, who works for an Eastern newspaper not generally read in Washington. He told the senator about a story he had written for the Aug. 29 edition. Obviously based on official intelligence sources, his dispatch told of 1,200 Russia/i troops unloaded at the Cuban port of Mariel at a time when Mr. Kennedy was insisting that orily Soviet "technicians" were on Cuban soil. This was a bombshell—and Keating knew it. He shunted aside his prepared speech. a * # "THIS MORNING — after my comments had been prepared- new and extremely disturbing information came to my attention," Keating told the Senate. "I believe it should be reported to this body at once." Without identifying the source, he then proceeded to paraphrase the newspaper story that had appeared in p r int two clays earlier. This won Keating a quick invitation from NBC's "Today" show for Tuesday, Sept. 4. On Labor Day morning, Sept. 3, Keating read a story in the New York Herald-Tribune (by Keith Mor- fett of the London Daily Mail) reporting that 5,000 to 8,000 Russian soldiers had arrived in Cuba. Combining this material with his Aug. 31 speech, Kcaling was a smash hit on "Today." The Kennedy administration panicked. Keating was hitting Kennedy where it hurt most. * * * WITHIN THE next few months, John McCone, Director of Central Intelligence, made three special trips to Keating's office. Keating was invited to lunch with Secretary of State Dean Rusk. "Who is Keating's source?" became Washington's favorite guessing game. Some liberal Democrats hinted darkly that McCone, a Republican, was the leak. Others assumed that Reserve Army Gen. Keating was tapping Pentagon sources. Only Keating's M-member staff knew the truth. The "Keating Intelligence Agency" was simplicity itself. It pruned published sources, checked through normal government channels of communication, snared minor tidbits of information from refugee leaders. But above all, it scrutinized the stories of that prescient Eastern reporter. Sometimes lii.s staff broke down in paroxysms of giggling over (he gullibility of Washington. Sometimes they worried about the balloon's bursting. But the balloon stayed up. * * * KEATING SEEMED even more omniscient when he told the Senate Oct. 10 that "construction has begun on at least a half dozen launching sites for inlerinedi- ate range tactical missiles"—in formation confirmed by the President 12 days later when the Cuban crisis began. Actually, Kenting's speech was cribbed from «n Oct. 7 article by Hal Hendrix in the Miami Daily News, which a reader mailed to Keating in time for his speech. Keating's record for.accuracy was flawless until Jan. .11, when lie based a speech on a Jan. 29 story by his Eastern reporter friend. This time he went beyond the reporter's information in declaring that the Soviets wer« still maintaining concrete launching sites in Cuba. Keating was wrong—for th« first time. But nobody really cared. In lh« wonderland of Wash- infilon, hLi credentials as * Cuba txpert were now inipeccablt. &*^r^ ***>(_,r ',?&*££ , Inc. S£&l&& Europe's Mood Frustration, Bitterness Sweeping the Continent .PARIS—There is a sullen morning-after mood in some European capitals, notably Paris, Brussels and Bonn that mirrors varying degrees of disillusionment with the plans for European unity. In Paris the de Gaulle team ("1'eqnipe," as the political writers call it) can scarcely conceal its disappointment at the lack of German response to the de Gaulle visit; at-its very first top-level meeting for concrete measures to implement it, the French- German alliance got olf to a lame and hobbled start. In Bonn, where the guard will soon be changing, Adenauer is bitter at his helplessness, while Erhard and Co. resent both Adenauer and de Gaulle for having placed them in a bind between the French and the Americans. In Brussels the architects of the Common Market feel frustrated because their 15 years of building a European economic community have resulted in an impasse. Tims, the mood of the three important commanding elites in Europe today — the French, the German, ami the Common Market—is one of frustration, bitterness and bleakness. + * * I FEEL STRONGLY that this is a transitional mood. The long- range Europe does not belong to tile power groups but to the pen- pie themselves and to their artists and thinkers and poets who have made it over centuries of actions and passions. What they have made will survive rie Gaulle aucJ Adenauer, Khrushchev and Togliatti, and it will condition what the successors of Monnel, Spaak and Mallstein will be able to build. Europe is a phoenix forever: out of the ashes of its past, out of its sufferings and frustrations, it manages constantly to rise and build anew. This eternal renewal is a bigger fact about Euiopc than either its nationalist rivalries or its movements for unity. De Gaulle, with Crossword Puzzle By MAX LERNER his Europe des pa tries, despises the supranationalists, and they in turn deride the archaic Europe of dynastic wars and hatreds. Of the two I feel de Gaulle has the worse end of the argument, since he is speaking as a traditionalist for a Europe which has been undercut mercilessly by the coming of nuclear weapons. * * •* YET THERE IS a sense in which even the Europe of nations has a common experience. It is this Europe of the shared historical experience which strikes me today as the crucial Europe, tha one to study, to travel through, to live in, the one to use as a guide to the future. The languages differ, but the literatures go back to the great cradle of Greek myth and tragedy. The national policies differ, but the intellectual tradition is a common one, from Plato to Spinoza to Nietzsche, from Aristotle to Machiavelli, from Marx to Lenin. The religions confessionals differ, but the Ju- daeo-Cbristian tradition is a common one. The point of greatest difference is that of political systems and practice. One needs to burrow into the labyrinth of national politics for each nation of Europe, to understand who does what politically to whom, who is struggling for what, who hntes whom, who has power over whom, who gives and gets what. One oS the delights and despairs of spending a few weeks or months in a European capital is to read its newspapers, talk to its politicians aiul journalists and professors, and learn its political style. Yet even here there are general patterns, and not just « chaos of differences. I have already written of the conference at Bellngio on European parliamentary systems, One found there the patterns of similarity as well as of difference. Norway and Sweden have governments ACROSS 1. Undeveloped flower 4. Scotch chcmlsl 7. Cut of tncat 11. Devoured 12.1'igeon 13. Busy I'lace 14. Akin Ifi. Open court 17. Son of Heln 18. Tax payers W. Competitor 22.Slircd 23. Wlill 24. States 23. Cotton ma- lerlal 31. Silkworm 32. Norse god- clcjs of hailing 33. Native of Pisa 35. Withdraw 38. Norse county 39. Huss. clly. 40. Fatly 44. 0.holer 45. Clamor 46. Beam 47. Tennyson heroine 48. Be.slclej 49. female sheep DOWN- 1. Legal profession 2. Shoshone- an Indian ' 3. Send 4. Up to It If Jf 4t 31 JZ J» v//, 4S 41 v//, W W SOLUTION 'OF SATURDAY'S PUZZUj 5. Herb of grace 6. Warrant 7. Vary 8. Engage 9. Across 10. I-cgunld 15. Macaw 19. Kxlsted 20. Thump 21. Sherbet 24. Even row 25. Bring back 26. Pewter coin 27.Trinsgres- ilon 29. Overlaid the walls SO.Atmcu- phere ' 33. Enamel .34. Young demon 35. Garment 36. Ireland 37. Hindu merchant 41, Wither 42, Proverb 43, Optical run by Labor parties, but there is a basic agreement of social peace between them anrl the business groups. The government of the Netherlands is a working arrangement for social peace between the religious and economic "pillars" of the society. Belgium too has worked out a vast system of dose cooperation between church and Socialist groups, one of understanding amidst conflict—so much so that even after the bitter rioting of the Flemings and Walloons over the language issue it was inevitable that the Belgians would strike a compromise. In Austria, where in 1034 the nationalists and the Socialists fought pitched battles from house to house in Vienna, the memories of death have left their mark, and the two camps (Lager) of the Socialists and the People's Party have a continuing coalition arrangement to avoid a recurrence of chaos. * * * THE FRENCH and Italian patterns arc different: each country has a powerful mass Communist Parly which reaches into the trade unions and the countryside, and in Italy each of the major parlies — Catholic, Communist, Socialist—forms a kind of subculture within the larger culture. The dc Gaulle period of national glory and personal command may prove to be only a passing one, and the underlying social tensions (now cropping up both in the factories and the rural areas) may in time re-assert themselves. In Italy there is an underlying social violence which makes the parliamentary experience a surface thing. Yet I go back to my Europe that has survived its violences and tragedies and has forged a way of peace amidst conflict. The example of the British, who remain the source of Europe's parliaments and who retain their tradition of consent in their lime of troubles, is one worth keeping in mind. Even Iho Russians, faced by a China from whose strange ways they recoil, find themselves drawing closer to the Europe from which they broke away. English Lessons By W. L. GORDON Words often misused: Do not say, "netwcen you and I, it is not her, but him." Say, "Between you and MI2, il is not SHE, but HE." Often mispronounced: Discretion. Pronounce the "e" as_ in "met," not as in "me," sometimes heard, Often missj>ellod: Descendcnt ffalling). Descendant (offspring). Synonyms: Kv'ent, incident, occurrence, hap|K?ni]ig, circumstance, epsisofte, ex|>ericnco. Word study: "Use a word three times and it is yours." Lot us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each day. Today's word: INSIPID; uninteresting; dull, "Pleasures can grow flat and insipid if we indulge in them too frequently." North Adams Skies Monday, July IS Sunset today, 8:2!) p. m. Sunrise tomorrow, 5:28 B. in. Moonrisc tomorrow, 1:15 n. m, New Moon, .Inly 20. The total phase of the eclipse of Ihe Sun at this New Moon will begin at .sunrise in Japan, cross Alaska, Canada and Maine, and •nd »l sunset welt out in the Atlantic Ocean, Chairs and Comfort By MAYNARD LEAHEY IF IT is true, as some pessimists believe, that the decline of B civilization is marked by a tendency to seek bodily ease, then this one is far advanced along the downgrade. Chairs are becoming more comfortable all the time. Theievolution has been gradual. It has not come overnight, Nevertheless, Iherc are those who can remember when chairs in general were strictly functional pieces of furniture, designed to be sat in but not necessarily to give comfort. Usually, in those days, there was only one comfortable chair in the house. Depending upon the personnel of the family, it may have been the private domain of the oldest member of the household—a grandparent or a great- grandparent^-or the one with (he most authority. Otherwist, it was apt to be the resting place of those who could gel there first. * * * Remember the old Morris chair, with its green or red cushions both on the seat and as a back rest? An innovation in its day, it was considered quite something among chairs because its back could be raised or lowered to suit one's fancy, The old Morris chair, as such, vanished for the most part a few years after World War I and for an appreciable interval the only adjustable chairs were those found in dentist's offices. But they are hack now—though they're not called Morris chairs —and (hey make their predecessors seem primitive by contrast. The Morris chair, incidentally, was named for William Morris, an English artist and poet who lived between 1834 and 18%, but why he was singled out for the distinction is not known, because (hat type of chair existed even before bis time. Maybe he was the first to paint a picture of one, or possibly he wrote a poem about one. * * * DURING the interval between the disappearance of the old Morris chair and Hie emergence oi its successor a few years ago, there was a tendency, apparently to design chairs while having the comfort of the siller the last thing in mind. You can remember (hose chairs. The actual sitting area was about three inches wide, with the back rising straight ami stiff to a "height several inches above one's scalp when one was sitting bolt upright. Those chairs precluded lolling. There was only one way to sit in them, and that was straight, rigid, and uncomfortable. You had to sit rigidly because, in view of that narrow sitting area, the slightest deviation from an upright posture would spill you to the floor. No doubt that type was good for keeping the spine straight, but it was hardly the epitome of luxury. And it definitely was not the delight of teen-agers. Its only possible good feature was that it kept unwelcome guests from staying long. * * * THOSE penitential pews, however, have vanished from fashion, and the chairs that now are available for a comfort-loving people would make an ancient Roman emperor think he was underprivileged. Indeed, it's risky to walk into a furniture store and sink into one of these modern marvels. The danger is twofold. One is that the merchant might have to call out the militia to induce you to leave. The other is that you might be so entranced that you will buy them by the dozens. This quality, mind you, is not confined to living room chairs, The humblest kitchen chair now is soothing to the weary frame. Dining room chairs will keep you at the table long after the dishes have been cleared away, and lawn furniture, of course, has become a magic invitation to lazy luxuriating. Maybe the chairs are a symptom of decadence. But they certainly are comfortable. Tlio World Today Russian-Chinese Exchange Is Boring but Significant By JAMES MARLOW Aitociatad Prw* Newt An«fvit WASHINGTON (AP) — Ttie ef- forls of (he Russians and Red Chinese !o explain their split would look like a farce in the use of language if the split itself did not have such immense significance for the future. In their attacks on eacli other both sides were obviously writing for the history books to justify their positions. This was still no excuse for their long-windedness. * * * On June 14 the Chinese banged the Russians — particularly Premier Khrushchev—in a statement which took up four full pages when reprinted in an American newspaper, It was a scathing criticism of tile Soviet Union. Yel, it hardly mentioned the Soviet Union by name. Instead, it turned ite scorn on "certain persons." It ridiculed the Russians for accepting Western notions, condemned them as unrealistic, accused (hern of long and repeated hostility to Red China, and, in short, accused them of undermining world communism. * * * Over this past weekend the Russians replied in a .15,0011-word open letter to "all Communist parties of the world," The Russians indicted the Red Chinese direclly, thus demonstrating how much the split has widened. This was a savage answer which accused the Red Chinese of being anti-while racists, of falsifications and distortions, of ingratitude lor Soviet help and of undermining the unity of world communism, In between the Iwo documents file Russians and Chinese on July 5 opened talks in Moscow to sot- tie their dilierences. The weekend publication of So"iet feelings showed how litlle the talks achieved. In fact, the Soviet statement snid the Chinese delegates to the talks were making the split worse. If that split—as it appears on the surface could he summarized in a few paragraphs, this would be it: 1. Khrushchev, realizing the United Stales and Russia arc so advanced in nuclear weapons that a war between them would eliminate both and much of the world besides, insists peaceful coexistence with Ihe West is possible. The Red Chinese sny il is impossible and that capitalism is aggressive and must be overcome by force. The Russians say the Chinese don't seem to have any idea what a nuclear war means. 2. Khrushchev isn't giving up hope of commumzing the rest of Ihe world. But he says this can be brought alxiut peacefully. For instance; through internal efforts in individual countries mid even through such devices as elections. To this the Red Chinese say: nonsense. They insist that only revolutions can achieve world communism because Ihe West wouldn't permit peaceful lake- overs. * • * Actually, Ill-will between the nussinn and Chinew Commnniit parties goes back into the 1920s when Stalin dominated the Red Chinese—20 years before they took control — and almost got them wiped out by Chiang Kai-shek. Other tensions have built up since the Chinese Reds drove Chiang out of mainland China in 1MO and took over the country. In addition, there is the ancient problem of nationalism—of rivalry—between the two forces. On lop oJ this, and perhaps as vita! as anything in the split, is the fact that Ihe Russians and Chinese are in two different stages of communism, the former far advanced, the latter just in the beginning stages. * * * Thus the Russians, with their developing prosperity, would have far more to lose than the Chinese who are sliil in the scratching stage. They can afford to be more venturesome than the Russians. Because this is so, Khrushchev lias reason to be less reckless than the Chinese, although he was reckless enough last autumn when he slipped his missies into Cuba and brought the United States and Russia to the edge of war. He is no loss a revolutionary than the Chinese. He'.s just more sophisticated. There can hardly be any doubt—even aninng the Chinese — that Khrushchev will never stop trying his luck when and where he can. Cuba showed that. He just doesn't want to stick his neck out, if he thinks it will be chopped off. If he does stick it out. as he did in Cuba, and knows he stuck it out too far, he'll pull it back and wait for another time. J.«»itpr To Tlio Transcript Three Cheers Editor of The Transcript: Three cheers for milkman Albert "Mike 1 'Vhicr who, on his own time, will stand up for the right of free enterprise, a right which is the very foundation of our democracy. May he have the courage to continue his deliveries at Windsor Pond. May the Milk Exchange realize its duly to assist him in his campaign; anil may the Transcript continue, to cxjxise such actions as those of the filers. JAMES M. FARE, J200 Mass. Ave. The Transcript welcomes letters from Us readers. Its columns are always open to the free expression of opinions on any matters of public interest or concern. It is suggested that, short letters nrc the most effective, and communications, particularly lengthy ones, are subject to condensation, Statements which are considered libclons cannot be printed. All letters should be signed for publication.
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