1930 PAGE FOUR HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS BnbargoorWar, History of U.S. *War ^Profits and Impul- ;. siveness Lead to Trouble for Neutral MORGAN MA BEATTY AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON — If hUtory is any gauge, there are three big barriers td American neutrality in another great war. Here they are, straight from experts who themselves profess no bias: 1. Our ve?y efforts to maintain neutrality dragged us into the World War «hd the war of 1812, our only two struggles with European nations since It76. 2. The profits o ftrade in wartime are important to American capital, es- pecialll when 10,000,000 o! our citizens arc unemployed, and it's not natural to abandon our stake in world trade at n time when the financial going is test. 3. Americans wear their hearts on their sleeves, and will find it difficult, as they have in the recent past, to stand by unmoved when modern bombers rain death on old-world cities. From the early days of the republic we have stodd upon the principle of the freedom of the seas, and tried to maintain a traditional air of neutrality. It's a good trick, if you can do it, but we haven't always been able to da it. Looking for Profits Take the war of 1812 against the British—in which we really were taking sdes with Napoleon and France against the rest of Europe. - Long before that war started, our President Thomas Jefferson, had developed some pretty forthright ideas about European wars. When the British and the French started fighting, he wrote to his old friend. Alexander Ponafd: , "Since the war is decreed by fate, we have only to pray that the soldiers *• eat a great deal." That was one way of saying that he hoped American trade would profit from Europe's bad fortune. And he, with the traditionally neutral European states, insisted on the rights of neutrals to carry on their ocean- borne business. Here's the way.modern-day Philip C. Jsssup, Columbig university's expert on international law, views that " situation: , "Theoretically, the neutrals' position was that they should be let alone ... .to continue their normal commerce Practically, their demand soon became that "they should be free to carry on their immensely more profitbale trade ^ which was created by the high prices of belligerent markets and the high freights for ocean shipping." And So, War trouble. British Sunday & Monday at the "NEW" IN NEW YORK NEW YORK — The music that goes round nnd around on phonograph records spins 700 per cent more often than in 1933, when the demand for wax discs struck bottom. The 'gritnVnphonc' has come back into Its own. The Enrico Caruso era for the disc-makers has been revived, and the age o jitterbugs also has hypoed the dormn industry. You can get sorrte notion of the re cord renaissance by the number o nickcl-in-thc-slot phonograph machin es now installed in the dinners, bener ics. holes nnd barbershops all ove the United States. A conservntiv guess puts them at not much less tha n half-million! It takes a deal "Old Maid" Starts Sunday-Saenger o There is no dcubt as to James Ellison's state of mind (or heart) regarding Anne Shirley, in this scene from "Sorority House.", in which the two young players are co-starred by RKO Radio.. Tills picture dtiils with the problems of the new student just entering college, and in particular ivith the joys and jealousies contributed by sorority politics. Dealing in graphic fashion with the 'fi — exaggerated importance many girls j entire program. place on social standing and sorority i Miss Shirley and Ellison, ideally life. RKO Radio's "Sorority House" ! cast, reveal their dramatic abilities, comes to the New theatre next Sun- j J. M. Kerrinaan plays Miss Shirley's day and Monday with Anne Shirley j sacrificing father. Helen wood, Adele and James Ellison heading the cast. | Pearce. Barbara Read. Margaret Arm- Miss Shirley plays an ambitious i strong. Elizabeth Riscion. Doris Jordon small-town girl who yearns for a col- i and Ann Evers have the other princi- lege education and whose indulgent I pal roles. _^ father mortages his little store lo ^ nu thcntic j-atisfy her plans. When she finds that all the other girls in her class ] feel that life's not worth while unless they are plencigeti to a sorority, she too wants to join one. Through the well-meant scheming of a upper-classman. James Ellison, she is "rushed" by the leading campus Greek-letter groups, but this involves her in plenty of trouble when some of the snobbish members of the principal sorority discover her social background and strive to humiliate her. When her father comes to visit her. affairs move swiftly toward a dramatic climax that highlights the college atmosphere pervades the film, which has most of its scenes laid inside a large sorority house and in a big boarding house for girls near the campus. Scores of young players are seen as students in these scenes. John Farrow directed this production by Robert Sisk. with Dalton Trumbo writing the script from the original play by Mary Coyle Chase. The second feature with Barry Mackey Rochelle Hudson, George Barbier Ralph Morgan, Cliff "Ukulele Ike" j Edwards and John Wray in "Smug! gled Cargo" will be the first double j I feature of two runs releases at the I New Theatre at regular prices. wax to feed so innny public music boxes. Many an idolized bandleader of this band-mad moment has received his first jolt into the limelight via a "hot platc.55 us the trade calls a fast- selling disc. Hal Kemp recorded "Got a Date With an Angel" three years ngo and his climb to eminence was rapid. In 1936, an inconspicuous lad named Benny Goodman recorded a piece labelled "Stompin 1 at the Savoy' 'and Tommy Dorsey made one called "Song of India." Both have been running neck- and-neck for fame since then. A year ago. Artie Shaw's "Begin the Geguin" sold enough records to make success of him and currently n bespectacled musician named Glenn Miller is the "hot plate" king. Quick Money in Recording The same impetus that the discs can give to a bandleader goes for a song as well. That current mania. "Beer Barrel Polka" is a hit-tune sculptured in wax. Composed by a wholly unknown Czech tunesmith by the name'"of Jaromir Vejvoda. it originally was recorded in Prague by an distinguished brass band led by a fellow named Will Glahe. The record was brought here as a matter of routn; copies made and sent out to the a nickle phonograph operators.' In Chicago and Detroit, the song caught on with unprecedented speed. 1 The word was passed around to other cities and there were similar repre- cussions. "Beer Barel Polka" has outsold anv other record this year, has Apparently There Is Lifeon Mars New Photographs Reveal Another Canal and Oasis on Planet »>• HOWARD W. IM,AKKSI,K (Associated Press, Sdciirc Editor) NKW YOItK -i/l'i- Discovery on the planet Mars of n new dark green oii.sis. and a new camil lending to it and of clouds standing at the i»hii«st inemlilnk' altitude of more than M miles was announced Thursday h> Karl C. Slipher on his return from South Africa. He brought 8.01X1 photographs taken at Blomfonten. at Iaiimnt-IIus.scy Observatory, when the plimcts was closest to earth in 15 years last Ju!> and August. Stationed at Lowell Ob- jrrvntnry. t'Mngstnff, Ari.. Slipher wen to South Africa because vision then was better. of war trade in event the President declared a war existent. That, of course means dropping our rights as neutrals to free seas. Trouble Galore The history of neutrality has been full of contradictions like that. It leads to all sorts of complications- arguments over contraband. privateer• Therein lay our . , warships seized American men and i ing, retaliations. Nations at war have cargoes. Rather than make war out | even fought for the trade of their of that, Jefferson had congress clamp enemies. on an embargo, prohibiting American vessels from sailing to foreign ports. Great Britain, in the World war, for instance, prevented American ship- pers, from sending hogbacks to Sweden on the grounds that the glycerin in them found its way to Germany. Yet Great Brtain, herself, sent hog- bricks to Sweden, and prifted from the trade. Those are the facts about neutrality distilled from our 150 years of experience as a nation, we usually let our sense of right and wrong lead i us into struggle, or else we insist on i our right to use the world's high- j They seem ways. | winnin Belligerents don't always like that, i of become a hit tune on the etherlanes; and has earned a considerable fortune.! Unfortunately, the Czech composer and ; bandleader don't have too much use for, money in their homeland at this mo-j men:. ! A lucrative commodity, waxed mus- i ic brings money, as well as fame.; to the orchestras that play their tunes i for it. They say that Benny Goodman : spends two or three hours before ihe i Independence, complete and otter, austere, is the impression first and lastingly given by Miriam Hopkins who confutes the romance notion tiy'- Southern girls—clinging—are tho *>ft- ie.s they're supposed to be. Miriam is now co-sUirnr.i W" Bette Davis in "The Old M.nd." ih.: powerful Warner Bros, drair.,i -.v-.;,:!opens Sunday at the Saenaer :he;>;:x'. She never, apparently. h.is :i,n: r:;ri<; or inclination for nonseii.ii.'. .UK'. '"•• word is usefl in it:; purt.'sf •jrnriir:.!- tical meaning. Rsconis nr-: .nc'iir.- plete atvf together p,-itter:i public C; Inter rotes dramatic skit, and not was offered one of the lead inf.' :• the Broadway production "Lit- t'.vio James." which ran for a i'.irt of a solid year. iv. '.iu'ii mi, it seems, it was nut T-<ru>:x of finding good roles. 1 •. :r..;!.ier of finding enout;h linn • •- ,iH of the part.s that w .•: her. -Some of her out.standint. I'v^r.ces were in the stage pn :r..- -••! "An American Tragedy' •.--.- B-iysjiige." "The Garden tra'.a," and a happy re Affairs uf Anotole." She tM'ii in London in "The rier." ami subsequently •e or four pleasure trips Ly HIGHLIGHTS FROM LATEST BOOKS and walks out with gross earnings of four thousand dollars—not hay in anyone's pocket. A thousand dollars for a rend:lion of a swLr.g number is just ^bou" tops. but it illustrates how the record , te the screen "The Best crj skippv! five years r.T.ci'as \vert; eonccrnei'i ,".i i;\ "Fast and Loose" he was in tin. 1 French e Smiling Lieutenant," Chi-valier. With that u'.;n! placed her under he lonuiineil with that f.v.Ml vears. appearing "Dr. "jekyll and Mr. Kiii'U of \'.'..>mun, ht- DLU-'K." 'Men Are Tbv V.'ons.m I Love,' His photos supply n wealth of in- fiirmation. which while not proviin there is life and vegetation on Mars challenges science to find some ex planation. The new oasis is a dark spot abou 3D mile.s in diameter blow and to th right of the lower tip of Mars Syrt Major. The latter is a large dark are; haped .somewhat like South Amei en. From what would bo its "Car lorn" region .Slipher photogvaphc ind saw. n new canal about 500 mil out;, running off to the rigJit'aiid cnd- ng in the oasis. Neither of these two features had ever before seen on Mars. Under the theory that vegetation explains the lark areas and canals, the new formation would indicate progress of some of the red planet. Dr. Slipher said that if the dark areas and canals 'arc no vcgatation, no suggestion has been made that explains them." The high clouds were photographer :it the edge of the planet, where theii altitude could he judged by the somewhat clear /one between them am Mar.s. surface. They developed in abou 2-t hours from a long ha/.e natcl dirictly over the planet, which Sil phi-i- said seemed to be clouds. Most of this haze vanished and h its place the high cloud wheeled lo the planet's edge. High cloud have been .see before in this edg lortion on Mars, but they seemed >e under 20 mile.s altitude. '71'lie.se clouds, 1 suspect. 1 ' said £ilphr, "necessitate the conclusion thta Mars clouds may be more than 20 miles above the surface." This places Martain clouds five to 10 mile.s higher than earth clouds and goes far to substantiate the presence on Mar.s of considerable atmosphere. Thinness of Mars atmosphere has been one of the theories opposing possible life there. of o than neutrals. be more they are in the rights '. Just Within a year our foreign trade' thinned to a trickle, one-sixth its nor-j mal volume. New England wanted to secede. Business went from had tol worse. At last the embargo was modi- , fied, but the ill feeling between Great Britain and the United States mounted | and the war of 1812 was the result. It.was very much the same stiry when we entered the World war. It's the usual way a neutral gets tangled up in a war. By the time German submarines had sunk 55,000 tons of or shipping and killed nearly 50 Americans, we were ripe for anger oer the Lusitania disaster, and a declaration of war. In 1935 we first began to try to shape up law to keep us neutral in the event of war. By 1937, we had adopted the age-old principle of Jefferson—the embargo to keep American vessels out to Roosevelt Hopes to Aid Allies Few men have been closer lo President Roosevelt thim Raymond Mo'loy, an adviser in the early "brain trust" days of the New Dcnl. So whitt Moli-y writes is important political history. You get nearly 51X1 page.s of it, frank, "inside," hut occasionally biased history in "After Seven Yeiirs" (Harpers: $3>. It offers probably more .sidelights on Uoosevclt, the nuin, nnd hsi policies than we shall see for some lime. What Mok-y has lo say about "K. D. H'.s" foreign policy is excerpted briefly here. Those intimates who htid heard iloosevelt yearning. i" the s|>i'iiitt "f ,935. "to tin something" about Ger- nany could not be .surprised by the open invitation (Prime Minister Chnm- bcrlnin hailed it as n "clnriim cull") to the "peace-loving nations" to join ,vilh the Untied States in a "concerted effort to uphold laws and principles." When .such magnificent precedents, such elaborate formulas of morality could be adduced to justify Roosevelt's eternal impulse "to do .some thing' about the afflictions I" which hiuminily is exposed, what else could be expected? And so the transition from viewing-with-sorrow-and-alarm to doing sometlung-about-it had already been made in October, 19:17. By January, 1938. a policy of active, though unacknowledged. 'V-oJoperatfon'* with England . . was under way. After Munich, Roosevelt nt once ummuned home our ambassador to ierlin. There were confutations with Ambassadors Philliph.s., Kennedy, and 3ullit. The consensus seems to have jeen agrement that the time had come to do "something practical." to stop Germany, Italy, and Japan and to ics.si.st England nnd France. That some thing was to be a revision of the Neutrality Act to permit France and England to buy guns nnd munitions in this country. And the ren-son for that frankly nnd designedly nuneutral step it presently appeared, was no longer the "lawlessness' of the axis powers so much as it was the belief that only by throwing our weight on the side of England nnd France could we protect our own interests. Tlie American people have been told they must help the democracies hccau.se two or more form.s of government cannot co-exist in the world. This of course, is a fallacy. Aviators have found plant disease spores at altitudes of 18,0(1(1 feet. Diseased plants can infect healthy crops hundreds of miles away. AUSTIN. Tex.-i.-Ti— Out in those parts of the west where cowboys now ride herd on huge floek.s of turkeys, instead of cattle, the problem arises of what to do about birds that don't come home to roost at night. Leon Alexander, Mason county farmer, has solved it. His turkeys frequently range out in the brush ami try to roost there. They are easy prey for coyotes. So Alexander placed n goat with tile flock and the goat has become so attached In the turkeys he never leaves the goat, the animal hleal.s and Alexander knows the location of his turkeys. SERIAL STORY WORKING WIVES BY LOUISE HOLMES COPYRIGHT. 1039, NEA SERVICE. INC. Yenterdnys Marian is »urpri.seil when Unrmn calls nt the apartment, t'arma hns found hapiii- nc.i* in her home town, in to mnrry a childhood sweetheart. She hopes Hint Pete nncl Julie will forcivc her. Like MnriaB, she is trying to make amend*. CHAPTER XXIX TVTAY DAY. No letter from Dan. Dr. J. D. Johnson !• Announces the opening of officcs'i First National Bank Building / Practice Limited to ' '« Eye, Ear Nose and Throat. Marian, stayed telephone all day, him." Slowly, she pulled the single sheet from the envelope. A check fluttered to her lap, but she ignored it. "Dear Marian: Enclosed find check. A nice clean spring has arrived out here. I can't remember that we had springs in Chicago. Dan." Marian closed her eyes. There close to the waiting for Dollv's call. She was restless and was a stinging pain behind them. Dan couldn't remember spring. He couldn't remember her. She October Savings On DRESSES Tailored! Dressy! Smart Paris Copies S7.95 LADIES Specialty Shop uneasy, filled with nervous energy. She cleaned the apartment until it shone, baked a small cake, wrote letters, finally packed a suitcase. Nightgowns, the pink taffeta house coat with the flower buttons. She'd had it on the night that Dan refused to kiss her. He hadn't noticed it at all. But her baby would like it. She wanted the baby to think her mother lovely. And she was lovely these days, mysteriously beautiful. She went on, filling the suitcase. Little shirts and bands and tiny sleeping garments. The doctor had given he"- a list and she consulted it. He had said dresses were not necessary, but she added a frail, handmade wisp of white. Packing the little things, her daughter's clothes, she was filled with wonder. Closing the suitcase, she lay beside it on the bed, one arm thrown over the lid, "A woman needs her husband at a time like this," she thought. A dreadful, suffocating loneliness caught at her throat. For the first time, she was frightened. "Dan— Dan—help me to be brave," she moaned. "You are so far away— sometimes I can't find you at all." Resolutely, she set her chin.! "It's rny punishment that I must go through this alone and it's just punishment. I'll take it and be glad of the chance." Glad. Dan used to say that she could bs glad about the darndest things. Dan's letter arrived on the following morning. It had been forwarded from the office. Often, when Marian looked in the mirror, she envisioned Dan's picture of remember her. She was utterly, desperately alone. Even the thin thread of hope had ecasped her. She lay back in the chair, quietly enduring heartbreak. She ' couldn't 'do it coward. She alone. She was a wouldn't try any more. She'd send for Dan. He'd have time to get there before— She lifted the telephone receiver —and put it back. Her sigh said "That was a narrow escape—in another moment I'd have shown the white feather." * and she said, 3ort and they sat down close to- ether. "Start at the beginning," Dolly said. "First of all—I'm going to have baby." "No—really?" Dolly dimpled and laughed. "I knew it before Dan went away, before you were married." Dolly turned sidewisc. "Why didn't you tell him? He certainly had a right to know." "Dan didn't just go away, Dolly. He—he left me. I don't blame him," she hurried on as Dolly exclaimed in d. ; smay. "I don't know why he put up with me lor so long." "Oh, Marian—you should hava told me—I wouldn't have gone—I still don't see why you didn't tell Dan—" "I was determined that it shouldn't be true at the time. And, when lie went, I hadn't time to think. Since then he's made it perfectly plain that he cares noth- about me and I haven't '-'-' New 1940 Jitter- Keep Your Home Warm with the Right Size Heaters See our Display Radiaat Circulating Asbestos Back Bath Heaters of: U p r $ 2 iers mmmmf ^ m ^^BM Hope Hardware Company rpHE bell tinkled 1 "Hello." "Marian—it's Dolly." "Dolly—my dear—can you come right now—right now?" There was frantic urgency in her tone. Dolly asked no questions. She said, "Give me the address." Marian told her, then went to the window. She waited but 20 minutes. A great car careened up the street at unlawful speed. It slowed down and stopped. Doily fairly tumbled out, running up the walk, peering at the number. Marian went to the head of the stairs. "Up here, Dolly," she called. Dolly came, running. Almost at the top, she halted. Then, with :> moaning little cry, she had Marian in her arms, crying, laughing, hugging her. " "You poor child," she kept saying brokenly. "You poor child. Why didn't you tell me?" Marian led her into the apartment ;,nd closed the door. Her ing told picture. Expcn- | chc;jk.s_ were wet. "I—I'm glad you've come," she fullered. * * * T\OLLY removed her hat glove:-: and threw them on (lie couch as if she intended staying "And just about her—if he had .iivc, smoothly fitting gown, expensive little hat, tilted just so, expensive shoes and hose and bag and gloves. Even an expensive look about her face. She opened Dan's letter slowly, examining the postmark, 6 p. m.^ April 2.0, seeing him us he dropped; briskly. "Where's the letter into a box, seeing the "In P-Purtland." breadth and bigness of him, with yn iithc- in her heart. She hesitated, hoping that she might find ono little thing, just one, to help her until she: heard from him uSain, Nejst lime-, sho'd shT'. to the baby. She'd r;o from your father. He'.-; fui IVuiicr—I want j'fru him because—because I don't want him rushing back from a sense of duty. He'd come, you know. Dan is like that." Dolly nodded thoughtfully. "And your job—are you going back?" No. When the baby is old enough, I'm taking her to Portland. Even if Dun doesn't want us, and I'm facing the fact that he probably will not, I want her to grow up near him, I want her to know her father." "Her? Are you sure?" "Dan always wanted a little girl." Dolly regarded her lovingly. You're brave, Marian—and fine. You're beautiful, sweet, and wom- mly, if you care for the adjec- ivcs." "I love them. I've found my place, Dolly, and I'm happy in it. have an idea, maybe it's a fool- sh belief, that, if I work hard enough at this job, I'll find my way back to Dan. It can't happen in a minute because I have so much to undo. I have years of selfishness to atone for." boats that rr.'ike r.'.r" hft/o «:A •..--:•.expressions 'of? .r. .5' .-.-.T^y '.:. '/:*": folk who have h«r. -*•:•:•'; ::;•:. :. ghastly, night-rr.b.-iih ^'i'-.t-A. \ Here is a meUxirftrr.ali!: lUui'.ra::'.:. of it. Among the '.'.«r '''-^.•.:vv.-; ',:. the S. S. Washington the other -i;-.y were the film actor. Robert Montgomery and the director. Richiir'i Thorpe. Mrs. Thorpe and their .-mall son. A few hours later, the Thorix.-.- vcre comfortably hilletted at the \Val- lorf-Astoria, discussing the scene a- joard with friends. On the street, in Park Avenue, a ire engine clanger! by and the .sin-n screeched. Almost in.slinc'tivcly. Mrs. Thorpe glanced in alarm at her hu.-i- hnnd and then her son, ar.d he ro.sc from his chair almost automatically. Tile jitters are hard to nvercome soon after return from the war /one. And yet there are many incongruities. A man who owns a famous cafe in London and who came here before a telegram the other nighl from his London innnager, sent two weeks after the war was decline "Cafe Crowded," said the cable, "can you suggest a new band—or bring \\ Smith Backs ' New Neutrality and time," she Dan?" '•Why i.;n't he here with you?' Marian caught, her by the shoulders. '-Look, Dolly—I was nevcj b'> glad to sec anyone in my life i d'.r.'t think I could have endured it if V;HI lindn't come, but I'l the letter > throw you out, I'll run away and , ''This iisjhick-. unles.-; you promise to do as a wonder- i I say." to be JiUc-j Zuunan pulled her Vj the da 1 , en- Dolly held her hand tight. "Hou about money, Marian? Randy and I will be so happy to help." "It isn't necessary. Mr. Fellows gave me a bonus when I left. Ho said it was for being a good girl," smiling. "Dan sends me $75 a month. I'm living on it. The babj and I will live on it." Dolly gazed at her in admiring wonder. "And when is the great event to take place?" Marian's eyes widened and darkened. She stood up uncertainly. "I—I think it's going to take place very soon. Will you call Dr. I.IOSB, Dolly?" I'i'o Be Continued). In lirst public utterance in favor of an administration policy MIH:(J I'j:i6 Dcmut.-ralic convention, Alfred K. Smith, t'X-soCiTnor of New York and pri^-ide-iil'inl candidate, Uikfi; to air, urge.-; people! ! to support President Rrjo.,tvo!t':i i neutrality revision p r o 4. r o m , "becuui.<- he i- :-u clearly nalu,"
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