Wirtz Raps Both Sides In Rail Labor Dispute / transcript Carriers, Unions Guilty of 'Failure Of Responsibility 1 He Says WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz says the four-year-old dispute over railroad work rules is headed toward a compulsory solution because both the corners mid the unions are guilly of "a failure of responsibility." "There is no affirmative attempt by either sirle in this situation to do anything aboul settling it even at this hour," Wirlz said Sunday as a special presidential panel prepared to sift the facts in the jobs tangle. "There has been'at this point an apparent assumption by both parties that somebody else, ttie government, the Congress, whoever it may be, is going to decide this," the secretary said in a televised interview. Still, Wirtz added, lie hopes that "when both of these parties are looking down the gun barrel" of possible congressional action, "there is going to he a real facing up to Hie implications of the fact thai if they don't settle, the prospect is something which will weaken Ihe whole institution of collective bargaining." Wirtz is chairman of the special committee that begins today Ip lay the basis for a report President Kennedy plans to send to Congress July 22 aimed at solving the rules dispute. Wirlz refused to say whether the administration would recommend compulsory arbitration. Carrier and union representatives will be standing by as the panel meets today, ready for questioning oti specific points. Tuesday Hie committee will hold separate and joint sessions with the two sides, hoping to begin writing a report for Kennedy on Wednesday. The railroads have postponed until July 2i) putting into effect new work rules designed to eliminate gradually about 60,000 jobs they claim are unnecessary. The five operating unions, which say the jobs are essential for safe and efficient train operations, have promised to delay strike action until that date. Over the weekend, Sens. Jacob K. Javils, R-N.y,, and Wayne Morse, D-Qve., said they wcyc. opposed to legislation that would require compulsory arbitration of the dispute. Communists Can Write Off Ecuador as Target for Now QUITO, Ecuador (AP) — Moscow and Havana can write oft Ecuador—at least for Ihe time being—as a key target for Communist conquest in South America. • Their campaign of sabotage and terrorism, directed by Castro- trained Ecuadoreans, was crushed after the armed forces took over Ecaudor's government (our days ago. The military booted hard drinking, Communist sympathizing President Carlos Julio Arescmena out of the country and outlawed the Communist party. It rounded up top Communist and leftist trouble-makers and started weeding out extremists entrenched *in the government. Manuel Araujo Hidalgo, recognized leader of Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro's movement in Ecuador, went into hiding. A frequent visitor to Havana, he re- Today In Nation"s Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In the news from Washington: DEFENSE WEAPONS: There are signs from the Pentagon that important changes in the nation's defense weaponry may be in the offing. Among the potential changes now under, consideration by top officials are: An advanced design Intercontinental Ballistic Missile to carry more powerful warheads with refined accuracy. A new and faster interceptor plane for the North American Air Defense Command. More work on developing an antimissile weapon, and increased emphasis on military space work. * * * ECLIPSE: The nation will be treated to the rare sight of an eclipse of the sun Saturday, but if you value your eyesight don't go out and look at it, health officials warn. "Watch the eclipse on television or by the cardboard-reflector method," said Surgeon Gen. Luther L. Terry. With the bright rays of Ihe sun blocked out by passage of (he moon between earth and sun, why isn't it safe to look at the phenomenon? The reason, said Terry, is that the invisible infrared rays from the sun can cause permanent burns on the delicate retina of the eye, creating an incurable blank spot in vision. * * * EPILEPSY: A new antidiscri- mination campaign, with White House backing, is under way—in behalf of the nation's nearly 2 million epileptics. The Epilepsy Foundation, a na- lionwide private organization that is leading the campaign, said there is discrimination against epileptic.? in employment, education and private life which in some slates is backed up by law. College Coed, Date Found Shot to Death ROCHESTER, N.Y. (API-Police today sought a motive (or the slaying of an attractive college coed and her dale Sunday. Blonde Snarl K. Smoyer, 18, Ithaca College sopliomore and Jack King, 17, a recent high school graduate, were found shot, lying side by side on a lovers' lant in suburban Pittsford. The bodies were face-down in front ot King's car. Police found five emply cartridges and * 45-calibcr bullet which apparently passed through one of the bodies, hit the car, and fell to the ground. turned three weeks ago from a trip to Red China and Russia, reportedly with orders and funds for a campaign to turn Ecuador Communist. Jose Maria Roura, Panama- born Red agent in Ecuador, was already behind bars. Police arrested him last month when he returned from Communist China, with $25,000 and an arsenal of Red propaganda. The military junta chose bitterly anti-Communist Col. Aurelio Naranjo as minister of national defense, responsible for the nation's internal security. The junta's presiding officer, navy Capl. Ramon Castro Jijon, said the main objective of the armed forces was "to wipe out Communists in our country." The military bosses declared they took over Ecuador because of Communist threats and Arosemena's failure to act. Three Youths Found In Abandoned Mine, Bikes Given Credit PITTSBURGH (AP)—Thanks in part to three bicycles, a trio of tecn-agc adventurers were alive and in good spirits today after spending more than 50 hours in an abandoned, gas-contaminated coal mine in suburban Castle Shannon. Bobby Abbott, 15, Danny O'Kain and Billy Burke, each 13, were pulled 2,WW feet to safety Saturday by a team of mine rescue experts who had not really believed the boys were in the mine. All three were listed in satisfactory condition at St. Clair Memorial Hospital where they were being treated for exposure and dehydration. Hospital officials said the Burke youth was suffering from a minor lung disorder. The boys entered the mine Thursday afternoon after parking their bicycles near (he entrance. For nearly two days mine rescue teams combed the myriad passageways of the dank mine wilh- out turning up a trace of the youths. Only (he parents steadfastly believed their boys were inside. "I knew they wouldn't leave their bikes there and run away," said Bobby Abbott's father. "The boys' bikes were their prized possessions," said Billy Burke's mother. "I knew they wouldn't leave them. They had to bo in the mine." The boys said they had been in the mine several times before but this time, "We made a wrong turn." Maryland City Asks For Help to Solve Its Racial Problem CAMBRIDGE, Md. (AP> -Gov. I. Millard Tawes invited officials of this racially scarred city of 12,200 to meet with him today in the slate capital of Annapolis. Scmiparalyzed by racial strife and a resultant military clampdown, officials of the Southern-oriented city had asked the governor to come here quickly for discussions of its problems. They said they wanted to talk to Tawes about the hardships imposed by militia law, invoked alter six white persons were wounded in a wave of violence last week. Mayor Calvin W. Mowbray nnd other officials gol off their wire to the governor with 400 National Guardsmen posted at trouble spots and business plummeting. The National Guard leaders, among other things, decreed a ft p.m. off-the-slreels curfew, a 7 p.m. closing hour for all commercial establishments, and a total ban on snle of alcoholic drink. Attitudes on both sides seemed to be hardening today. Gloria Richardson, militant leader of the integralionists, announced that there would be some "non-violent direct action" during the day. Under militia law, a modified form of martial law, all demonstrations are forbidden. On the other hand, a movement was under way to organize a citizens council of white persons to oppose the Negro drive. There were considerable rumblings among some segments of the white population that "this slate is going too far on the side of the Negro." Harvard Climbers Still Are Scaling Alaskan Mountain TALKEETNA, Alaska (API — Seven Harvard University climbers are in good shape and still scaling Mt. McKinley's Wickersham Wall, veteran bush pilot Don Sheldon reported this morning. Sheldon flew near the party at the 17,000 - foot level and Die climbers indicated all was well and they were continuing the climb. Sheldon spotted Ihe group yesterday morning after a three- day search. The climbers had last been sighted six days ago. Sheldon, well-known for mountain rescue missions, spotted the party's tracks Friday. The tracks disappeared in an avalanche. The avalanche apparently occurred after the group had passed that poinl, Sheldon said. Sheldon, accompanied by a Civil Air Patrol observer, was unable to land the plane at 17,000 feet. He said the mountain was obscured by clouds. He was unable to talk with the climbers and all communication was by prearranged signals. The CAP official, L. Tyree, said the climbers would probably take two more days to reach the 19,470-foot north summit of McKinley. The party had said it would then continue to the 20,320- foot south summit and proceed down the west buttress route. Leader of the expedition is Henry L. Abron.s, 22, Scar.sdale, N.V., a major in Greek at Harvard. Greek Government- Frees 19 Prisoners ATHENS, Greece (API—In less fhan a week the Greek government has released 19 prisoners held since the 1947-49 Communist civil war. Seventeen were freed July II. Two more were released Sunday, • leaving 941 prisoners from the civil war period still held. Detention- of the prisoners touched off violent leftist demonstrations in London last week during Ihe slate visit of King Paul nnd Queen Frcderika. North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120THYEAR • NO. 29 MONO AY, JULY 15,1963 12 PAGES • 8 CENTS Jovial Khrushchev Personally Opens Parley on Limited Nuclear Test Ban CHURCH STREET ELM TOPPLES) — Above ii ihe elm tree that cut off electricity for soveral houri in the Church street area during yesterday afternoon 1 ! itorm, which de- positod .68 inches of rain. A city public works department crew removed the stricken free.'iStory on f»ge Two.) Cov. Wallace Accuses Kennedy of Bringing Country to 'The Brink of Civil Warfare' WASHINGTON (AP) — Gov. George C, Wallace of Alabama accused President Kennedy today of bringing the nation to "the brink of civil warfare" by what he termed an attempt to appease the leaders of-Negro civil rights demonstrations. "These leaders have now pressured the President into the ridiculous position of placing his stamp of approval on mob violence and rioting in the streets of this country," Wallace told the Senate Commerce Committee. Charges Kert Influence Wallace charged there are Communist influences in the integration movement. He also testified that senators who joined in sponsoring the administration's bill to ban racial discrimination in privately-owned places oi public accommodation like stores and restaurants had given "tacit approval" (o" demonstrations he said were designed to intimidate Congress. The public accommodations bill is a key part of President Kennedy's civil rights program. The Commerce Committee now is starting ils third week of hearings on the legislation. Wallace's statement, read off in rapid-fire style before a crowd that jammed the Senate caucus room, immediately ran into clial* lenges from some of the committee members. Sen. Warren G. Magnuson, D- Wash., the committee chairman, asked Wallace Ihe basis for his statement that the President had put his stamp of approval of mob violence. "Switchboard to the Kings" The governor replied that during the racial "riots" in Birmingham in May, "the President's office was a virtual switchboard to the Kings." This was a reference to Dr. Martin Luther King, a leader of the integration movement. Rockefeller Challenges Goldwater to All-Out Liberal-Conservative Fight for Nomination WASHINGTON (AP)-Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller has challenged Sen. Barry Goldwaler, R-Ari?,., to an all-out liberal vs. conservative fight for the l%4'Republican presidential nomination, In a policy statement tantamount to announcing his candidacy, Uie New York governor said Sunday the Goldwater strategy is to try to weld conservative, Southern and Western support while writing off Northern slates. This, Rockefeller said, "would not only defeat the Republican party In 1964 but would destroy it altogether." Rockefeller said it wax incredible that the Republicans would offer such an alternative to llw "unprincipled opportunism thai has captured the Democratic party." He added: "That alternative will never be found in a party of extremism, a party of sectionalism, a party o( racism, a party that disclaims respoasibility for most of the population before it even starts ils campaign for their support." Golriwater, who was not named in the statement, made no Immediate response. But associates said they interpreted Rockefeller's attack as a declaration of war they were certain the senator would accept, even though he remains an unannounced belligerent. , They added that if Goldwaler is writing oil tire industrial North us Rockefeller charged, the New York governor is giving up on Republican chances to collect electoral voles in the South. Rockefeller's blast is regarded in Washington as the opening gun of a vigorous comeback campaign for the nomination. lie was considered by many observers the leading contender until his recent marriage to a divorced mother of four children. In emphasizing his division with the conservatives, Rockefeller called on Republicans to unite in opposition [o "the radical right, lunatic fringe," which he said ii trying to take over the party. lie denounced the John Birch Society's viewpoint and criticized as a form of totalitarianism tht procedures of the recent San ' Francisco convention of the National Young Republicans Federation where delegates whooped 'it up for Goldwater. He said the President and his brother, Ally. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy, could have stopped the demonstrations if they had wanted to do so. The governor said that the Pres- idenl, in a television address to the nation before submitting his civil rights program, had said in effect to the Negroes that "if you don't gel what you want, you slrould continue rioting in the streets," Sen. A. W. Mike Monroney, D- Okla., disagreed saying the address was to urge "that these matters be handled in the courts, not in the streets." But Wallace replied that when state and city officials were doing their best to contain the mob violence in Birmingham, the President said on TV for many years "Injustice had been heaped on the Negroes." Wallace said thai just inflamed the Negroes. The subcommittee announced that Eugene Cook, Georgia attorney general, scheduled as the second witness this morning, was unable to come because of the demonstrations at Savannah, Ga. Troops Will Be Needed Wallace who failed in his "schoolroom door" stand against integration at (he University of Alabama, said that if Congress passes a public accomodations bill, "You should make preparations to withdraw all our troops from Berlin, Viet Nam and the rc^t of the world because they will be needed to police America." Wallace's remarks were In a statement prepared for the Senate Commerce Committee. It resumed hearings today on one of the seven points in President Kennedy's civil rights program—a bill prohibiting racial discrimination in such public facilities as restaurants and hotels. Wallace said Americans "are nol going to comply with this type legislation," and he labeled the rest of Kennedy's civil rights program "equally abominable." "A President who sponsors legislation such as the civil rights act of t%3 should be retired from office," Wallace said, predicting that Kennedy will learn in the 1%4 election "it Is not politically popular to send (troops) to Alabama and Mississippi." Kennedy ordered federal troops Into Oxford, Miss., last fall after rioting broke out on the University of Mississippi campus when a Negro enrolled In the school. He sent federal troops to bases near Birmingham in May follow- ng racial violence in the Alabama city. Echort Barnetl Wallace echoed the charge of another Southern governor, Rosj Barnett of Mississippi who testified gainst the measure Friday, In telling (lie committee that "there are Communist Inlluenccs in (he integration movement." Wallace said two congressional committees have identified the Southern Conference Educational Fund headed by Ihe Rev. F, L. Shuttlesworth, Alabama Negro integration leader, as an organization created "to promote communism" in Hie South. He said the identifications were made by the Senate Internal Security subcommittee and the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Wallace accused Ihe nation's leaders of betraying the Negro with false promises of a Utopia in Noi"thern cities. Last June II Wallace stood in a doorway at the University of Alabama and blocked an attempt by two Negroes (o enter and enroll. Several hours later, after Kennedy had ordered units of the Alabama National Guard into federal service, he left the campus and the Negroes enrolled. Plans Store Boycott Wallace's appearance followed a statement Sunday by a civil rights leader that national chain stores which discriminate racially in their employment or service policies will be boycotted. James L, Farmer, national director of the Congress of Racial Equality, said he expected the boycott to begin shortly after a mass march on Washington— planned for Aug. 28—[o press for civil rights legislation, Farmer, a Negro, told Sen. Kcimclli Keating, R-N.Y., in an interview taped for broadcast in New York thai some nationwide firms had agreed to end discrimination in employment and service. But a boycott is planned against other "offending firms." mainly department and variety stores, he said. Farmer said there was no intention of having Negroes who march on Washington stage sit-ins at Capitol offices. But he added that in event of a filibuster by Southern senators "I think some draslic action might have to be taken." He said if Congress takes a recess in late August, "this would be indeed a new form of filibuster." Mountaineers Raid Summer Camp, 70 Campers flee Area RIN'GWOOD, N.J. (AP)—Nearly 70 summer campers and counselors found refuce here today after a (Hl-hour flight from violence at a camp in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. The weary band, mostly teenaged boys and girls, arrived at Camp Midvale a few minutes before Sunday midnight in three buses, one of which bore bullel holes. Summerlane Camp near Ros- nian, N.C., was raided Thursday night and early Friday by mountaineers enraged over reports of free love, nudity and integration at the camp. "All this added together just didn't set too well with the local people," said Sheriff C.R. McCall. Descriptions of camp activity were published in a Stalen Island (N.Y.) weekly newspaper, "The Herald of Freedom," McCall said. The Rev. George Von Hilsheim- cr, camp director, blamed "drunken young hoodlums" incensed over integration for the shooting and the burning of the camp gymnasium. The Rev, Mrs. Von Hilsheime- said the article was a smear. The Unitarian minister did nol com menl on the allegations of immorality at liie camp. "The only issue that the mob was interested in was integration," he said. A spokesman said three Negroes hnd been Attending the camp but left. Ijcfore the mob invaded. Face-Saving Moscow-Peiping Communique Is Anticipated MOSCOW (AP)-Diplomats predict the Soviet and Communist Chinese negotiators will conclude their deadlocked ideological talks scon with a meaningless face- saving communique assuring that lime will heal the differences in the Communist camp. The seriousness of the split between the Communist giants was emphasized by publication Saturday of a 35,000-word Soviet Communist parly statement accusing the Chinese of being hypocrites and warmongers bent on a nuclear war with the West. The Soviet statement, an open . letter to the Communist parties of the world, wu an official to the Chinese attack June 14 on Premier Khrushchev's policy of spreading communism by living in peace with the West. It was spread over four pages of the parly newspaper Pravda. Pravda also published the Communist Chinese letter, disclosing to Ihe Soviet people for the first time the extent of the historic breach In the Communist movement. The Soviet statement vigorously restated Moscow's opposition to Peking's hard line and defended Khrushchev's arguments that communism can overcome capitalism through peaceful competition. Premier Appears Optimistic For An Agreement MOSCOW <AP) — Jovial and apparently optimistic, Premier Khrushchev personally opened talks today on a limited nuclear test ban agreement with special envoys of President Kennedy and Prime Minister Harold Macmil- Ian. Opens on Ughl Nole Sitting in a Kremlin conference room with U.S. Undersecretary of State W. Averell Karriman and Britain's Lord Hailsham, the Soviet leader quipped: "Shall we start off by signing the agreement right away?" Harriman shoved a pencil and pad across the table toward Khrushchev. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko grinned to his chief and said: "Sign it and leave it to be filled in." The conference is expected to last 10 days. The first session lasted about 3 r .i hours. Harriman and Hailsham left in separate cars and correspondents watching them whisk Ihrough the Kremlin gates said both Western officials were talking animatedly with their associates, smiling and laughing. Khrushchev's mood seemed to share the optimism of both the British and Americans about the success in agreeing on a prohibition which would bar nuclear lest explosions in the air, in space and under water. Tiie Western side saw no prospect of gelling a complele ban to covet- underground explosions also. Increasing the prospects for an agreement was the worsening split between the Soviet Union and Red China, Westerners here believed. News photographers were allowed to enter the conference room before the actual talks began to take pictures of the negotiators. The conference began with nine representatives on the U.S. and British side and five on the Soviet sifle. Bolh Western and Communist circles seemed optimistic about chances of agreeing on a ban of nuclear tests in the air, in space and under water. Such a pact could be readily policed because nuclear explosions under any of Ihese conditions can be detected from great distances. 11 would also outlaw the test* which produce radioactive nuclear fallout. Khrushchev in a speech in East Berlin July 2 approved a Western proposal for an unpoliced partial ban. Underground (ests were exempted to avoid the thorny issue of on-site inspection. Non-Aggression Treaty At flie time Khrushchev approved n partial test ban, he revived the Soviet proposal for a non-aggression treaty between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Communist Warsaw Pact alliance. He said the test ban and the non-aggression pact should he signed simultaneously, but U.S. officials were not sure that he was making a iron-aggress ion U'ciUy the price of a lost ban. Western observers expected Ihe opening round of the secret throe- powcr talks at the Kremlin would clarify whether Khrushchev would insist on the two treaties as a package deal. Harriman and Hailsham mad* it clear on their arrival Sunday that they were not authorized to negotiate a non-aggression pact. Western opposition to the non- aggression pact stems partly from the fact that it would tend to seal the division of Germany and force Western recognition of Communist East Germany. Record-109.8 Degrees Marked At South Pole CHRISTCIUmCH, Nc.w Zealand (AP)—Tlie U.S. antarctic expedition's South Pole station recorded a record low temperature of ItMJ degrees below zero just before midnight Sunday night. The previous record for the South Pole was 109,5 degrees b»- low recorded Sept. 13, 1959. The Weather Gradual clearing and warmer this allrrnonn. Generally fair weather tonight and In- morrow. l,<iw tonight war M, high tomorrow in Ihe mid 70«.
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