Wotvd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope VOLUME 43 -— NUMBER 80 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Warmer Friday night. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1942 Navy Sinks 5 7. i Associated Press (NEA)t—Meant • Newspaper Enterprise PRICE 5c COPY Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator WILLIS THORNTON v Strange Things Come Crawling Repudiation by Ford When you turn over a rock that- has been long in place, sfrange things come crawling out. The world is in process of .«being overturned today, and some remarkable creatures have already begun to crawl toward the light. Look who's rooting for freedom today! Clip out this strange collection, and paste it in your hat, or preferably in your service cap: Carol of Rumania, whose royal robes U. S. Censorship Clamps Down on Radio Programs Certain Types of Quiz Programs, Weather Forecasts Banned WASHINGTON-(/P)-Regulations to keep enemy spies from broadcasting military data to lurking submarines or secret stations over radio programs were issued Friday by the office of . censorship. : Censor director Byron Price called broadcasters to ban certain types of quiz and request programs and conduct forums and audience interviews with caution. The censorhip explained informally, •"; in answer to questions, that such n program as Vox Pop, Dr. I. Q.; Take it or Leave It, and Double or Nothing, could be continued. The broadcasting industry, the office said, had abandoned the man-in-the- street and ..informal types of quiz programs. ' It asked that no telephone or telegraph request for musical numbers be accepted during tlie war and that no given request be giyen at the. re.r quested "Jftne." Sharp reduction have been placed ; on weather broadcasters. Families Eager to Start Drive Farmers Make '• Plans for Food-for- Victory Campaign Hempstead county farm families eager to get ahead start on Food-for' Victory vegetable production can do so by the use of hotbeds and cold frames, Miss Mnry CInudc Fletcher, county home demonstration agent, said yesterday in discussing the county's all-out food-production effort. „ By having early plants that were Started in hot beds and then shifted | J GW is of distinct disservice to uor to cold frames, Hempstead county country, and to the peace and welfare have been off and on more frequently than a Gypsy Rose Lee costume. At present the king of the Mexico City night clubs, Carol was rumored about to come to the United- States to try to whip up a "Free Rumania" movement before the U. S. state department frowned on the visit. It there ever has been a time in Carol's checkered history when anybody could tell whose side he was on except Carol's, we don't remember it. We don't mean to be critical, but inthe plans and ambitions of Carol, the American people just aren't interested. The Two Ottos— Otto Slrasscr and Otto of Hapsburg. Strasscr is essaying to head a "Free German" Movement. One of the founders of the Nazi party, he was hand in glove with Hitler until they disagreed on falters of policy. Strasscr seems to have believed Hitler was serious in the "Socialism" part of "National Socialism", and he didn't like the way Hitler financed the movement. They split. No. doubt Strasscr would love to "get" Hitler, but he cannot escape the fact that he helped tear down the German Republic, aTid that there is no reason why, just because he hates Hitler, he should be taken up as a great democratic leader. Otto of Hapsburg, a pleasant and apparently innocuous young man, would like to rule Hungary again, but what is this business of "free" movements under the scions of utterly discredited and moth-eaten monarchies? As well bring froward Zog of Albania or Riza Pahlcvi of Iran as great free spirits and pillars of democracy. The Dutch, the Norwegians, the Danes, were free under kings, and there are kings and queens who have worked and fought for freedom. But none of these Graustarkian royalilies has demonstrated a devotion to or any accomplishments toward freedom such as to suggest that they would be serviceable in establishing it after the present war. Nothing could hurt the cause of freedom more today than to identify it with a lot of comic-strip leaders, repudiated alike at home and abroad. Let us rally to the cause of freedom those who have proved it today in action, not merely use the war as a stepladder to a formerly abused power. * * * Anyone who attempts to divide America by stirring up anti-Semitism or antagonism against any real ganization, in which he disavows any benediction of Henry Ford. We have Ford's word for that, in a letter to thcB'nai B'rilh, prominent Jewish organization, in which he disaviws any such activities and concludes, as many others have already concluded, that "the hatc-mongering prevalent for some time in this country against the farm families can bring vegetables into production from four to eight weeks ahead of plants that are produced in the open after all danger of frost ..-ys over, Miss Fletcher says. In this regard, Earl J. Allen of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, advises that vegetables such as cabbage and cauliflower may be set out as soon as hard freezes are over and will do much better if Jniaturod before warm weather. Many farm families, Allen says, will buy shipped-in plants instead of growing their own and this practice is preferable to waiting until cabbage or cauliflower plants can be produced 'Vildoors. However, a much better quality plant will be available if grown at home in a hotbed or a cold frame. Plants taken idreclly from cold frame to the garden or field will grow off better and show a much higher percentage of survival than those plants yi^Ued several days or even longer before they are sold and set out. The time taken to ship such plants from regions farther south and the occasions when they are ke anitpbljf'M ions when they are kept in a store some time before meeting with a sale, < ''..ill naturally be harmful to the vitality of the plant. For home use, if a hotbed is not available, plants may be started in a box in the kitchen and then transplanted to the cold frame after the s(jjond true leaf has formed on the seedling, the Extension horticulturist advises. Cold frames are easily and cheaply constructed and should be found on every farm. Although hotbeds are more trouble to construct, it-should be possible for every farm family to have one in operation. Sources of heat could be fermenting horse manure, flue heat from a fire box, or electric heating elements where power is available. Tomato, eggplant, and peppur plants, A.Upn stales, may also be produced in * plant-growing structures. As these (Continued on Page Three) of humanity." If Ford is sincere in this, and there is no reason to doubt it, he completely repudiates anyone who drags out and recirculutes the ill-advised matter put out by the Dearborn Independent in the '20's. Let those who have from time to time done this em- ulale Ford, and they will also help to foil those who would divide the American people and thus weaken their united struggle for freedom. District Singing at Garrett Memorial The District Singing class of this district will meet Sunday afternoon beginning at 2 o'clock at the Garrett Memorial Baptist Church. If you like good singing come and be with us. Everyone is cordially invited. Cranium Crackers War With Germany The United States is at war with Germany for the second time, with Italy for tlie first time. Try these questions regarding World War 1 on your memory. 1. What great leader of the A.- E. F. offered his services one day after Japan attacked Hawaii, and what was President Roosevelt's reaction. 2. What famous American novelist wrote that well-known story about Italy in the first World War? 3. What two weapons which got their first war tryouts between 1914 and 1918 have been tlie most spectacular in tlie present conflict? 4. Col. William "Wild Bill" Donovan led the famed "Fighting 69Ui in France. What is his job now? 5. What treaty did Italy break with Germany in 1914 to place her with the allies? Answers on Comic Fuse. Australians Stop Japs on Malaya Front Two Enemy Armored Units Shattered by Stiffened Defenses SINGAPORE-(/r>)-Rallying around fresh forces of battle hungry and jungle wise Australians the British .Imperial defenders of Singapore appeared Friday to have checked the Japanese in their offensive toward this vital Oriental base. Two Japanese armored units were reported shattered by stiffened defenses all along the shortened front in lower Malaya, aided by considerable aerial support. While the nil- force smashed at Japanese trucks and railway concentrations near Tnmpin, 120 miles northwest of Singapore British imperials, fighting with fresh fury in the coastal strip north of Malacca Plain, claimed to have knocked out 14 tanks and 10 armored vehicles. An official communique said advance guards of the Australians smashed six more tanks and inflicted heavy casualties in their first battle since the Malayan invasion began. (BBC quoting a Reuters dispatch on the Malacca coastal strip engagement said an enemy armored column was allowed to advance over a bridge prepared for demolition. When the column passed over the bridge it was blown up and the enemy engaged by artillery and heavy casualties were inflicted on the Japanese and they ran for cover. (The broadcast was heard in New York by CBS.) Reds Smashing at the Gates ofTaganrog Free French Forces Join British in Fighting in Libya By the Associated Press Masses of Russian tanks were reported smashing Friday at the gates of German-held Taganrog, 40 miles west of Rostov as Marshall Semeon Timoshenko's Red armies pressed a general counter offensive through the Ukraine and tightened the trap around 100,000 Germans in the Crimea. "The Soviet forces are now battering fiercely at the gates of Tanganrog," a British radio broadcast said. Russian troops were reported to be fighting the inavdcrs 40 miles north of Sevastopol, on the railroad to the Russian mainland. Soviet front line dispatches chronicled an unbroken scries of Russian triumphs along the entire 1,200 mole battle lino from Leningrad to the Black sea. Situation Well in Hand MELBOURNE, Australia—(ff)—Australian troops now playing such a vital role in Singapore's defense are using the invaders own jungle fighting technique, reports reaching 'here said and are giving the Japanese "the hardest blow they've had in this war to date." Such was the report of Sergeant Ian Fitchett, official correspondent with the Australians in Malaya. At the same time Prime Minister John Curtin said his news from the front indicated tlie Australian forces "had the situation well in hand." Study In Financing, Western Style NOWATA, Okla.—f/P)—A small boy, learning banks sometimes handle such matters, walked into the First National here and made application to Miss Frankie Campbell for a 10- cent loan. Miss Campbell, in her best businesslike manner, referred the boy to Ross Bayless, who takes care of the bank's loaning business.. Bayless pondered the request, then brightened as an idea struck and turned the boy down on the grounds the lad had no collateral. A customer volunteered to make the loan without security and the boy, dime in hand, raced off to a store and purchased a cap pistol and ammunition. When last seen he was firing furiously at passersby. Free French in Action CAIRO—(/P)—Free French forces ready for their first land attack on the Germans since the armistice of Compeigne have arrived to support British Imperial and Allied troops in their attack on Axis hold-out positions in the rocky highlands of Halfaya on the Libyan-Egyptian frontier, British headquarters disclosed Friday. The French were said to be fully equipped iwth tanks and armored equipped with tanks and armored cars. Just as were the DcGaullists forces which fought against the Italians in Eriteria and Ethiopia. Mobile columns of the British declared to be moving slowly westward along the Gulf of Sirte coast against still opposition over the country which is heavily mined. American Front Looks Favorable Sister Republics Put Pressure on Argentina RIO de JANERIO—W)—Indications that Argentina had changed her position and might swing into line with her sister republics in a resolution calling for a break of all relations with the Axis powers were seen Friday in informed quarters as the conferenct of foreign ministers swung into action. Pro-conference talks between her representatives and other conference leaders in which Argentina was said to have been brought under considerable pressure by her sister republics were believed to have averted a deadlock on th issue. The last obstacle to accord, however, was not yet removed. Observers expressed belief that the border dispute between Peru and Ecuador left a stumbling block in the path of harmonious action. my Ships Edson in Washington How Good Neighbors Will Confer at Rio WASHINGTON—News of the thirdS> meeting of the ministers of foreign affairs of the 21 American republics at Rio de Janerio, Jan 15, may be buried by war bulletins, but just the same, this conference is important in relation to what happens next in the western hemisphere. 8hcse Pan-American meetings used lo be largely oratory. They're getting over that now and these sessions of the foreign ministers, after the pleanry opening session and the speeches of welcome are out of the way, have been proceeding on the "What arc we here for? Ok! Vamonos! Let's get going" idea. Whereupon they break up into committees and try toget something done. Also, the delegates and their technical advisers are beginning to know each other now, and the informal gatherings across the hall and up in Guillermo's room do almost as much for building hemisphre solidarity as anything settled around a conference table. A good bit of formality was necessary in the Buenos Aires conference in 1936 and at Lima in 1938. That was the wishful, sentimental period, but at the meetings of foreign ministers in Panama in 1939 and Havana in l'J40 there was real threat of the European war facing the delegates to adopt realistic policies for safeguarding the hemisphere. Welles Hopeful The tide lias now definitely swung in our direction, thinks Undersectary of State Sumner Welles, the United States representative at the Rio meeting. The American republics are standing together and they manifest a greater desire toshow unity with us. In addition, there is an element of fear involved—a fear of what this war may do to nations not technically involved—that prompts collaboration. No ODO can talk about or predict what policies the meeting will adopt, but none of the United States delegates goes to Rio at all discouraged about the possible outcome. For the first time, a much more varied assortment of advisers goes along with Mr. Welles. The undersecretary is generally regarded as sufficient unto himself in handling diplomatic angles of any international meeting, but so involved are the war issues that a panel of experts from government agencies other than the State Department will make up the contingent from Washington. - Undersecretary of Commerce Wayne C. Taylor, president of the Export-Import Bank Warren Lee Pierson, Carl Spaeth, representing Vive-President Wallace's Economic War Board, and Co-ordinalor of Inter-American Affairs Nelson Rockefeller, and in addi- titii tlie director of monetary research from the Treasury, tlie chief of the special defense unit from the Department of Justice, the dirdector of the (Continued on page three) Tanker Torpedoed Off Block Island This is a shot ot the Panamanian tanker, Norness, jK^Wi^^^ taken to New England ports and that after 24 hours the ship was still partly afloat. =MASSACHUSETTS —-^ f Q HEW = ^j<,«i$°'"'3#=> Atlantic Ocean HUNT FOR SUB OFF LONG ISLAND CONTINUES-Map elves when sub torpedoed her early Wednesday, t, S. P i anes an /^ , S2 A.P.&L to Build 188 Mile Line Line to Furnish Power for Aluminum Plant LITTLE ROCK—(/Pj~The Utilities Commission Friday authorized the Arkansas Powcr& Light company to build 188 miles of high voltage transmission lines to complete interconnection with Arkansas for supplying 65,000 kilowatts of interim power from an 11-utility power pool to the government's aluminum plant on Lake Catherine. The inlra-connection is to be built at an estimated cost of $2,314,000 and will include 104 miles of line from Little Rock to Norfork in North Arkansas and 84 miles of line from a point northeast of Ashdown to the aluminum plant. C. S. Lynch, executive vice-president of the A. P. & L. told the Utilities commission Friday he had been notified the Lake Catherine Aluminum Plant would be completed ahead of schedule and would begin needing interim power much sooner than expected. Yunnan Province, through which runs the greater part of the 726- mile Burma Road ,is the second largest province of China proper. Burns Fatal to Martha Cox 15-Year-Old Hope Girl Dies Late Thursday Night Miss Martha Cox, 15, daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Sherman Cox, died in the Julia Chester hospital here late Thursday night of severe burns suffered early Thursday morning when the flame from a gas stove ignited fumes in a room where she and her mother were varnishing a floor. Mrs. Cox sustained burns about the hands which, although painful, were not considered critical. Funeral services will be held at 10 o'clock Saturday morning at the home of an aunt, Mrs. Ethel Hulsey, on West Third street. Burial will be in Rose Hill cemetery. Surviving are her parents, four sisters, Jewell Dean, June, Nell and Mary Cox, and a brother Larry Cox, all of Hope, Cotton Close By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS January March ........................... ..................... 18.26 May .................................................... 18.40 October ............................................ 18.74 December ............................. 18.79 NEW YORK Jnauary .......................................... 18.00 March .............................................. 18.17 May ................................................... 18.35 July .................................................... 18.45 October ............................................ 18.57 December ...................................... 18.61 Middling spot 19.68. Only 4 Shows Day of "Sergeant York' "Sergeant York," the picture which has received the wildest acclaim in years from tlie nation's film critics, will make its local debut on Sunday at tlie Saenger. With Gary Cooper in the title role as Alviii C. York, the Tennessee farmer who was America's greatest soldier hero of the World war, tlie picture is a compelling human docuniennt. Features beginning at 2, 4:25, 6;37 and 9:08. They Only Told Him to Guard the Bridge SHEPHERDSTOWN, W. Va.— (JP)— A guard oil night duty at the Norfolk & Western Railway bridge parked his car near Hie bridge, took up his post on the structure. When his tour was up, he didn't go home immediately—someone had stolen his car. No New Entries in City Races All Present Candidates May be Unopposed A check at 2 o'clock Friday afternoon showed no new candidates had entered the race for city offices and indications are that the five candidates already announced will be unopposed. The deadline for filing is 6 o'clock Friday afternoon. Candidates who have filed previously are: for city clerk, T. R. Billingsley; city attorney. E. F. McFaddin; Alderman Ward 1, W. E. White; Alderman Ward 2, Jessie Brown; Alderman Ward 3, Ross Spears and Alderman Ward 4, Dale Jones. About Fishermen Among the states of the Union, Ohio ranks second in the number of fishermen. Its total of 627,972 is exceeded only by Michigan's 858,362. In point of revenue derived fro mfishing licenses, Ohio ranks sixth. Makes 24 Jap Vessels Sunk by U.S. Units Japs Said Looting Philippines; Second Ship Sunk in U. S. Waters WASHINGTON —</P)- U. S. fleet units in the Far East have sunk two big transports and three other Japanese vessels, the Navy said Friday in reporting also that submarines still menaced the U. S. northeast coast. The blows struck at the Japanese ' m the Orient far outweigh accomplishments so far of enemy submarines off New York where in the ' last two days two small vessels have been sent to the bottom. Tersely the Navy passed out this statement: "Units of the U. S. Asiatic fleet report the sinking of five enemy vessels in tlie Far Eastern waters. They include two large cargo ships, two large transports and one medium sized transport. "The sinking are in addition to enemy casualties at sea previously reported." That last line meant that 24 Japanese ships—non-combatant and warships have been sunk by the Navy and Marines. There was no disclosure as to where the latest actions occurred, London heard an Axis report that the Japanese fleet was in action off the Philippines Peninsula of Batan, but this report was accorded little recognition. The sinking of a second ship in New York waters was confirmed officially Friday by the Navy. Japs Looting Philippines tack planes and dive bombers are being used incessantly against the front line and artillery positions of American and Philippine defense forces on the island of Luzon. The War Department reporting this' said ground fighting of varying in-^ tensity also continued all along the front line with Japanese shock troops attempting infilteration. . The War Department said in a com- munique that reports reaching General Douglas MacArthur, commanding the Philippine defenders, indicated the Japanese were looting and devastating the Philippine countryside systematically. Naval Action Reported LONDON — UP) — Reuters, British news agency, reported a Rome radio announcement Friday that the Japanese fleet was hi action off the Batan Peninsula where American and Philippine forces under General Douglas MacArthur are faging their stubborn stand against Japanese troops. The report added that a night landing was effected with success but gave no further details. 2 Destroyers Sunk BAJTAVIA— '(JP) —Japanese bombers attacked the Medan military air base on Sumatra Friday and again bombed the Amboina naval air base in raids near the extremities of tlie far flung Netherland East Indies' chain of islands. The raids were announced by Aneta which also reported that Dutch coastal batteries sank wto enemy destroyers during the battle of Tarakan which ended Monday. Daily Drilling Report of S.Arkansas By ARK. OIL & GAS COMMISSION McKiimie (160 acre spacing.) Carter: Hanes No. 2, Elev. 297, coring 9230. Atlantic: Bodcaw No. 9, Drlg. 8282. Bodcaw No. 10, Loc.; C-SE Sec 32 17-23. Macedonia (80 acre spacing) Atlantic: Warnock-Brewer No. 1 Loc.; C-SVi SW. Sec. 15, 18-21. McAlester: Snider Unit No. 1, Elev. 268, Set 5Vi inch casing to T. D. 8910; W. O. C. Brewer-Warnock No. 1, Drlg. 8304. Mt Holly (40 acre spacing) Atlantic: Davis B-l, Drlg. out retainer. Big Creek (160 acre spacing) J. W. Love: Stager No. 1 D. P. C>stuck at 5740; will use cutting tool. Midway (40 acre spacing) Barnsdall: Bond No. 1, Comm. En- grs. running flom tests. Dorcheat (40 acre spacing) Atlantic: Pinewoods B-l, M. I. R. to test cotton valley shows from 8600-6400. Wildcats McAlester: Jeffus No. 1, Drlg. 3990. Note: Carter-Cornelius Unit No. 1 (C. V. sd.-McKamie Field) flower 15 hrs. be- foring going dead from salt water. Believe water coming from below perforations at 7255-65; will soueesw bp- low perforations. Hope-Nashville Bus Schedule Is Changed The Missouri Pacific Trailways announced Friday the following new schedule for the Hope-Nashville bus line: The Bus leaves Hope for Nashville at 7:30 a. m.; 12:15 p. m.; 4:30 p. m.; 7:30 p. m. One the return trip the bus leaves Nashville at 6:30 a. m.; 9 a. m.; 3 p. m. and 5:45 p. m. Each trip requires about an hour on the road.
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