The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on July 13, 1963 · Page 1
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 1

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North Adams, Massachusetts
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Saturday, July 13, 1963
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SfTTIN' AND WATCHIN 1 —William Tower Jr., 5, and his sister, Karen, 3, are supposed to bs doing baby sifting service for sister Barbara, 8 months, but what fascinates them is the demolition of Linehan & Craven Block on other side of Main St. But Barbara, whose next meal is parked in her brother's pocket, is more interested in th» photographer. National Guard Patrols Tense Cambridge, Md. CAMBRIDGE. Md. (AP) - A fragile peace enforced by National Guardsmen with fixed bayonets settled on this racially scarred community today as Negro leaders planned the next move in their integration campaign. Militia law —and 400 guardsmen backing it up — were re- imposed after six persons were wounded Thursday night and early Friday in the second major out' break of shootings here in a month. Gnv. Tiuves' Aclion Gov. J. Millard Tawes, turning aside integrations! requests for a special session of the legislature to cope witii racial problems, but acknowledging the inability of local police to keep the Cambridge powderkeg from exploding, ordered the guard back into town after a four-day absence. It hacf been withdrawn last Monday after a 25-day slay resulting from a scries of shootings and slore burnings. There was no violence Friday night as the guard clamped on a series of restrictions just .-.hort of martial law, which is forbidden by the state constitution. Businesses closed at 7 p.m. By 10 p.m. — an hour after the Robbing an All- Is Getting to Be GREENBACK , Teim. (API The man stuck a sun in Mrs. Nola Elam's face, and demanded the money. "I hesitated," Mrs. Elam said. "And f thought to myself—'I just don't believe I'll give it lo him. This is gelling too commonplace. . . .' " But hand over the money she did Friday, and for the third lime in the last eight months the little farm town's Merchants and Farmers Bank —operated solely by women—had been robbed. Police Acl Fasl This lime, through quick action which has become habit with Hie women, police arrested two men at a roadblock Ic.ss than 35 minutes later and recovered $7,200. Last December it was S.^.OfiO, recovered iti an hour. In March it was $'1-1,470, which hasn't hern found. Six men arc .serving prison terms for those holdups; four convicted of robbery, two of conspiracy. Mrs. Elam, executive vice president and cashier, has a bookkeeper and two tellers, all women she considers calmer than men. The hank has no alarm system; there is no police force lo alert. Greenback, which got its name not from cash but a political party, has a population of 400. Consequently, strangers are noticed. "They looked suspicions to me when they walked in," Mrs. Elam laid. Then began the somewhat familiar routine: the gun, the sack, the warning. Mrs. Elam and Mrs, Clco Mills, bookkeeper, followed orders of the nervous bandits and filled tlie bag will] cash. guard-imposed curfew — streets were deserted. Liquor, beer and wine sales were suspended in the city and surrounding Dorchester County. .Main approaches to the town were sealed off. Only persons with urgent business were allowed to enter. Automobiles were subjected lo search for firearms at checkpoints. The ban on demonstrations applied to whites as well as Negroes. Peace-Keepers Prevail In a test of the ban Friday night, peace-keepers prevailed. About 250 Negroes and some white sympathizers began a march on the courthouse, Besides their monttis-long protest against segregated schools and public accommodations, they had a new grievance—the re.fusal of the state court ol appeals a few hours earlier lo release two lo- year-old demonstrators sentenced lo reformatories as juvenile delinquents. Such marches had become n daily routine before the June violence and bad been resumed last Monday. Tension had mounted since then. While crowds gathering to watch. the demonstrators -Women Bank a Bad Habit As the pair fled in a car. a teller noted (he color of the license plates, and a hometown girl got the number. Ai'resled, Jailed A few miles down the highway, officers arrested Merrill Mack Moser, 42, and Jack Fee, 39, former Tennesseans who have served terms in a California prison. In the car was $7.200, a pistol, shotgun and sunglasses like those the gunmen wore. The two were identified by Mrs. Elam and taken to Knoxville where they were arraigned on bank robbery charges and jailed in lieu of $25,000 bond each. or heckle them had grown larger daily. About 1,000 were there before Thursday night's outbreak, Friday night, before the marchers had covered one of the seven blocks along the parade roule from their church meeting place iri the Negro section to the courthouse, they were halted dramatically by Brig. Gen. George M. Gcl- ston, commander of the guard units. A Showdown Unarmed and leaving a detachment of his men behind, he slowly walked up the middle of the street toward the marchers a block and a half away. As he met the column of demonstrators, he held up bolh hands. "The National Guard was brought here lo protect all the people," he said. "If you violate the prohibition against demonstrations, you are demonstrating against the orders of the governor of the state." Dropping to sitting positions in the middle of the street, (he in- tegrationists turned to song — "Black and Whites Together" and "We are Soldiers in the Army." Led by the Rev. Charles Bourne, they also prayed. Gelson removed his shiny-vis- ored cap until the end of the prayer. He then requested tlial the marchers return to the church. They turned and headed back up the street. A few hours earlier, while most of his men were still on the city's outskirts, Colston intercepted about 'in demonstrators headed for a segregated drug store. 'We Shall Overcome' Gelslon laid the demonstrators to disperse. When they challenged his authority, he sent an aide lo armory headquarters [or a copy of his orders from the governor. They were brought after a bri-,'f wail, during which the demonstrators snt on the sidewalk and sang "We Shall Overcome." Gelslon read the orders and, at the request of a demonstrator, rend (he milila law, explaining it would remain in effect "until my governor orders it lifted." transcript North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120th YEAR • NO. 28 SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1963 12 PAGES • 8 CENTS Today In Nation's Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — Rep. Paul G. Rogers saysthat contrary lo impressions given by U.S. officials, non-communist shipping to Cuba is increasing, Allied ship arrivals in Cuba rose from 12 in January to 40 in May, the Florida Democrat said in a statement Friday, adding tliat "increased shipping to Cuba was one of the first signs of the Soviet military buildup in Cuba last year." At tile State Department, John F. King, public affairs adviser for Latin American affairs, called attention to figures for the first six months of this year and of last to support the department argument that shipping to Cuba U decreasing. "In the first six months of I9C2," King said, "a total of 599 free world ships — (or this purpose including Polish and Yugoslav vessels — called at Cuban ports. This is an average of about 100 a month." In the first six montlis of this year, he said, a total of 103 such vessels arrived in Cuba, an average of 32 a month. * * * Nuclear Treaty: Sen. Strom Thurmond, a persistent critic of (he Kennedy administration, says the Senate "would not presently ratify" a nuclear test ban treaty. Speaking on the eve of new U.S.- Brilish-Soviel treaty talks, the South Carolina Democrat (old the Human Events Political Action Conference Friday that a treaty would not prevent France and Communist China from testing nuclear weapons. He charged that Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harriman, the chief U.S. negotiator, was taking to Moscow an offer under which the United States would halve ils fissionable material production as a "sop" to the Russians. Asked about Thurmond's charge, a spokesman for the Atomic Energy Commission said the AEC is considering a substantial reduction in the production of fissionable material but had reached no decision. * * + Polish Defector: The Stale Department is reported to have told the Polish government it is still studying the case of a Polish fighter pilot, Maj, Richard Obacz, who defected to the West Wednesday with wife and two small sons. U.S. officials, however, had indicated previously that Obacz would be given asylum. Poland, contending Obacz did not flee for political reasons but was a deserter also charged with smuggling gold, asked the United States Friday to return him, bis family and the military plane in which he made his dramatic escape. * * » Women Astronauts: The space agency says two women have applied for places in the next astronaut training program, but Jerric Cobb's application missed the July 1 deadline. Miss Cobb, 32-year-old veteran ol 10,000 hours of flying time, told a news conference at St. Paul, Minn,, Friday that she had formally applied, She has been waging a running battle with officials of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration over the role of women in the nation's space program. But a NASA spokesman, in confirming Miss Cobb's application, said it arrived too late for her to bo considered "and she knew that." The names of the two other women applicants were not revealed. * * * Air Merger: The Civil Aeronautics Board has formally dismissed the proposed merger of Eastern Air Lines and American Airlines. It issued an order Friday, less than a month after its June 20 vote, 3 to 2, to reject the application lo merge the two carriers. Peking Says Red 'Summit' Fails: Increases Chance for Test Ban Parley Was Doomed From Start, Chinese Reds Hold Door Open MOSCOW (AP) — The deadlocked Soviet-Chinese unify talks, labeled a flop by Peking, are expected to end befort Monday, clearing the way for new East-West efforts to reach a nuclear test ban. PRES. KENNEDY It's up to his panel. LABOR SEC. WIRTZ Facr-finding not mediation. Red China broke (he week-long official silence surrounding the ideological peace talks, Friday, acknowledging "with hearts" that attempts lo heal tire widening breach between Communism's giants have failed, Then, in an apparent attempt to avoid charges of rupturing the talks, Peking held the door open for further negotiations at another time. Grave Situation "We want unity, not a split," the official Peking People's Daily Legislation May Be Only Way to Solve RR Dispute WASHINGTON (AP) - President Kennedy's blue ribbon rails panel has drawn up a busy work schedule for next week amid increasing signs that legislation is the only way to avert a nation- vide strike. The six-man committee, which spent Thursday and Friday get- ling organized, gave no definite sign today that any ol its individual members may step in as mediator in another try at ironing out the four-year-old dispute over new work rules. The members were not selected for a mediation function, the chairman, Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wfrlz, has pointed out. The function is primarily fact- finding to help the President draw up legislalion to be recommended to Congress by July 22, Wirtz has emphasized. The Only Way A government official made it clear that with the carriers and the five operating unions as adamant as they are, there seems to be little hope for any settlement other than through legislation. The committee will pursue its task under the strike truce arranged by President Kennedy Wednesday. Under that agreement the carriers have postponed until July 2!) putting into effect new work rules designed to eliminate gradually upwards of 60,000 jobs and the unions have said they will delay strike action until that date. The committee has taken a weekend break, leaving half-dozen Labor and Commerce Department specialist to iron out operational procedures. The pane] will resume sessions Monday with representatives of the carriers and the unions summoned for quizzing on any issues that may arise. Tuesday, a similar session will be held—first willf all concerned taking part, then the committee meeting with each side separately. Target Dale Asst. Secretary of Labor James J. Reynolds said that Wednesday the committee will begin preparing its report to (he President. Reynolds said it is hoped that the job will be finished by Friday, three days in advance of Kennedy's deadline for the fact-finding job. The administration has avoided giving any hint of what Kennedy's recommendations will be, but some sources have indicated the remedy will involve some form of arbitration. If it is arbitration the onus for eliminating rail jobs thus would be taken off union leaders, who could place tlie responsibility on Congress. The unions have said repeatedly 'Mey oppose any form of compulsory arbitration. George Meany, AFL-CIO president and a member of the committee, who earlier had made certain with Wirtz that individual members would be permitted to mediate on their own should the opportunity arise, had nothing to say on the issue Friday. No Comment Stuart Saunders, board chairman of the Norfolk & Western Railway, said he would have nothing to say at this time on whether he would attempt any settlement on his own. Joseph Block, board chairman of Inland Steel Co, of Chicago; George M. Harrison, chief executive of the AFL-CIO Brotherhood of Hallway Clerks, and Secretary of Commerce Luther H. Hodges are the other members. Navy Sec. Korth Vs. McClellan, Karl Mundt in TFX Imbroglio WASHINGTON (AP) — Tempers are flaring again—this time over a performance chart—as a Senate subcommittee presses ahead with its probe of the TFX warplane contract. The latest angry exchanges pit Secretary of the Navy Fred Korth against chairman John L. McClellan, D-Ark., and [he senior He- publican member of the panel, Sen. Karl E, Mundt of South Dakota. Korth spent his fourth day on Ihe witness stand Friday as the subcommittee probed (he award of Ihe TFX contract to General Dynamics Corp. of Fort Worth, Tex., and Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp. of New York. Senators want to know why Kcrth and other civilian defense chiefs overrode military evaluations that a design offered by the Boeing Co. of Seattle, Wash., promised a beller and cheaper plane. McClellan challenged a chart which Korth used to support hii contention that the General Dynamics-Grumman design is superior. "The way you are presenting it, you are distorting the performance of the Boeing plane, based on the record," he said. "Mr. Chairman, I deny that we are distorting it," Korth retorted. Continuing the exchange, a censored transcript of which was made public Friday, McClellan argued that the chart failed to reflect la.st-mimite optional design changes the Boeing Co, had of- fered to make. lie said (he changes would have wiped out a claimed 320-mile an hour speed margin for the General Dynam- ics-Grummnn plane and would have given the Boeing craft greater maneuverability at high altitudes, Korth replied that the contractors knew that only the earlier designs would be evaluated and that technical learns never had evaluated a report spelling out Ihe changes. said in an editorial broadcast by the New China News Agency, monitored in Tokyo. It added, "The present situation is very grave." Peking said it had hoped relations with Moscow would be eased by the lalks "but we now have to point out with heavy hearts that events have gone contrary to our hopes." Soviet informants' predicted the meetings would end in two or three days. Good sources indicated the (wo sides did not even agree on a basis lo open the negotiations. The admitted failure in the attempt to reconcile Premier Khrushchev's peaceful coexistence line witli Peking's militant sland came two days before the scheduled opening of her new East- West nuclear rest ban talks. U.S., British and Soviet test ban negotiators will meet Monday. Western circles here viewed prospects of an accord on the long-deadlocked issue with guarded optimism. Hopes for Future AKhough conceding that the current, Soviet-Chinese meetings ar* doomed to failure, Peking expressed hope that future session* would be more fruitful. At the same lime the editorial gave vent to feelings of outrage. "Since the start of (he Chinese- Soviet talks, the Central Committee of the Soviet Union has not ceased its public attack on the Communist party of China," Peking said. A brief meeting was held Friday following a day's recess in Ihe talks. Three Boys Still Missing PITTSBURGH (AP) — Official* planned one final probe into an old abandoned mine today in the searcli for three boys missing since Thursday. They announced their decision after a six-man rescue team emerged from the mine earlier today and reported they had discovered no clues that would help (hem determine whether the teenagers are hi the suburban Castlf Shannon mine. Everett Turner, a U.S. Bureau of Mines inspector, said exploration into Hie last area should lake about eigh! hours. Once (his is accomplished, he said, officials will have been satisfied that the mice was searched thoroughly. "Then we'll have to say they're not in there," he added. Turner said a large pressure fan was to be used to clear deadly black damp gas from the area. The gas forced workers out of the mine for a while Friday night. However, they resumed the search afler fans cleared the air. Afler about two hours, (hey quit for tlie night. Only Iheories exisl as lo Hie whercalxnils of (he boys—Robert Abbott, IS, ami Danny O'Kain and Billy Burke, both 13. Inflamed Hillbillies Attack Camp ROSMAN, N.C. (AP) — Mountaineers enraged by reports of fi-ce love, nudity and integration have used flame and gun on Sum- merlane, and put Ihe summer camp out of business in the Blue Ridge mountains near here. The 70 campers, mostly teenaged boys and girls, left by car A Grim Cat and Mouse Game Russian Agents Scour Britain to Get Defector LONDON (AP) — Soviet agenls arc searching Britain with orders lo kill or kidnap master spy Ano- loli Dolnytsin, who defected to the West 18 months ago, British newspapers snid today. The Daily Express said an attempt already may have been made on the defector's life. Dolnylsin brought with him Soviet military secrets and details of spy networks and undercover agents working for the Soviet Union. He is understood to have provided British counter-intelligence agents with a lisl of people in Britain who may be — or could be — soviet agents. Is In Hiding Dolynlsin is in hiding, under guard, being groomed for a new Jdentity. U is considered vital that he should he unrecognizable to the Soviet agents who for months lo come are sure to press an intensive manhunt. Dolnytsin's defection is believed lo have dealt a severe blow to Soviet Intelligence services. Tlie Soviets will want him eliminated —for revenge and as a warning lo others, informant 1 ; noted. Plastic surgery may be used lo Rive Dolnytsin a new face — as it did for many British secret agents during World War 11. Then he would be unrecognizable even to (hose who knew him during th« eight months or so he lived in London while on a lour of duty here. It generally Li believed that Dot- nyUsin defecled while serving in a Soviet satellite country after first contacting the U.S. embassy In an allied country. One report Mid h« defected in a town In North America. In U.S. for Year For about • ye»r Dolnytsin was quizzed by the Central Intelligence Agency in the Uniled States. After he requested asylum In Britain, he was (iown here and inlcrrogaled. vicling Informnlion that led to the Dolnytsin is credited with pro- exposure of William John Vassal, Ihe homosexual spy in the British Admiralty. He is reported lo have given counter-intelligence againts information that pointed to Harold Philby u the man who tipped off turncoat British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean that they were about to be arrested. Burgess and Maclean fled to Soviet Russia. In January, Philby disappeared. He is believed to be behind the Iron Curtain. A month after Dolnytein defected, an engineering member of a Soviet trade delegation in West Germany wan named by the Ger- mans as a Soviet agent — In February 1!K)2. Result nl Defection The following month, the West German Interior Ministry announced that five Communist spy rings had been brokcti up "in the last eight weeks." No hint was given of the source which led to these discoveries. But there seems little doubt Dolnytsin played a key role. Since then there has been an international spy purge and a number of Soviet agents and spy networks have been uncovered. In May, the Federal Bureau of Investigation estimated that 300 Soviet agents had been recalled to Moscow. and bus Friday under police escort after Hie gymnasium was burned, (he window of a camp bus shot out, and gunfire and blows were exchanged Thursday night and early Friday. No one was wounded or seriously injured. Sheriff C. R. Me- Call said he was told the camp was being moved to an unannounced destination in New Jersey. Some residents ot Ibis western North Carolina area, who would not be identified, said they were outraged at what they heard were free love practices and nudity among the campers, and Ihe admission of Negroes. "All this added together just didn't set too well with (he local people. "We're mostly Baptist and pretty serious about it," the sheriff said. • However, camp members said only while persons were enrolled. They described Summerlane as nothing more than * summer place where members could relax, enjoy llw aolilude of tlie mountains, swim and participate in athletics. Its literature described Sum- merlane as based on the principles of Summerhill, a progressive school in England. Sheriff McCall said Ihe mountain people were aroused by de- scriplioni of camp activity in "The Herald of Freedom," a small newspaper published in New York city and widely distributed among rural folk here. In New York, the publisher, Frank Capell, 56, who also operates an employment agency, described the publication as a patriotic, bi-weekly, anli-communist newspaper. Mother Will Visit Son in Red Prison WASHINGTON (AP) — Mrs. Hutli Redmond has received permission to make a third visit to her son, Hugh Francis Redmond Jr., one of four Americans imprisoned in Communist China. The Red Crass said here that the 155-year • old Yonkcrs, N.Y,. woman would visil her son for two weeks in mid-October. Redmond, 43, who was in the export- im[X)rl business in Shanghai, was jailed in Ift.il on charges of being nn "undercover agent," The Weather Sunny and warm today and tomorrow. High near 85 today, 8* Sunday, l.nir lonljghl near S5. Shower* Sunday night. .. f

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