Won'd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope Star The Weather Fair to cloudy in the west portion Wednesday night VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 78 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 14, 1942 y^vCT 1 ? ans Associated Press INEA)—Meuns Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY •-,* Two Japanese Ships Sunk Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator WILLIS THORNTON Says One Expect the Unexpected When Possessions Destroy ^ If is fun to predict the future, especially if anybody takes your prediction seriously enough to read it. But it is unsafe, and a good many experts have already found this out to their embarrassment. Therefore, this will be an editorial without a single prediction. We don't know what is going to happen in the next six weeks or six months, or six years. And neither •)dpes anybody else. Nelson Job Is to Lick Hitler, Japs To Shakeup Defense Program if Necessary, Production Boss Says WASHINGTON - - America's new war production boss, Donald M. Nelson, told the Army, Navy and the •' Office of Production Management Wednesday that he was ready to shake-up the entire defense setup in necessary to lick Adolf Hitler and the Japanese. "Any organization changes that have to be made in order to do the job, will be made," Nelson declared in a letter to William S. Knudsen, OPM director general, Under-Secretary of War Robert Patterson and Under-Secreter' 1 of Navy James B. Forresfdl. "-O ;•-.••- • »-" v The letter marked Nelson's firstToT- ficial act since his selection late Tuesday afternoon by President Roosevelt as the one man head of the nation's entire war production. "We have just one job to do—to make enough arms to lick Hitler and the Japanese," the new production head said. Feild Speaks at B.&P.W.Meet Group to Take Part in Civilian Defense Program , Members of the Hope Business and Professional Women's club assembled in the dining room of the Hotel Henry Tuesday night for their regular monthly business meeting. Miss Beryl Henry presided over the meeting, reading important communications from National Club headquarters, which listed numerous Ihings that the club members could do for National Defense. Hon. Talbot Feild, County Chairman of the Civilian Defense Council appeared before the club, bringing information concerning Ihc purpose of Civilian Defense and what is expected of each citizen. Mr. Feild said, "There are any number of jobs that can be clone by citizens in case of , emergency, and it Is Ihc duty of the council lo orginazc those people into a well trained unit that will function under distress if (he cas arises." Mayor Graves, he said, "has provided un office in the city hall for Civilian Defense registration, and . asked the B & P W club to assume responsibility for office hours, seven to nine each evening beginning Jan. 19th, Monday, with the following schedule: Volunteers for Monday: Miss Annie Sue Andres, Miss Mary Arnold, Mrs. Clara Brown, Miss Floycc Taylor. Tuesday: Miss JSuclla Collier, Miss Fletcher, Miss Beryl Henry. Wednesday: Miss Phoebe Harris, Miss Cecelia Hughes, Mrs. Florence Hicks, Mrs. Alino Johnson. Thursday: Mrs. Dora j King, Miss Jean Laslcr, Mrs. Thelma Moore, Miss Ruby McKee, Miss Nell 'Cunningham. Friday: Miss Jack Porter, Mrs. Roy Stephenson, Miss Clarice Cannon, Miss Norma Lewis, Mrs. Kate M. Olsen. .Cranium Crackers Sally Sayings Many of America's most famous patriotic sayings came from the lips of United States Navy men in the heat of battle. Do you know who said these words and under what circiuntanccs? 1. "Surrender, hell, I haven't begun to fight!" 2. "We have met the enemy and they are ours." 3. "Dkmn the torpedoes—go * ahead!" 4. "You may fire when ready Gridley!" 5. "Don't give up the ship!" Answers on Comic Page If prediction o fthc results of a war were possible with any accuracy, it would really be unnecessary to fight the war. The factors making for victory would be so cleanly and clearly stacked on one side lhat there would be no point in fighting at all. It is the fact that the result is uncertain that makes it necessary lo fight it out to see who was right. Americans lend lo go on tho easy assumption that the Unilcd Stales cannot posibly lose the war. That is quite a different thing from n firm faith and belief that we can win if we fight hard enough, that we must win if it lakes our lasl cent, our last drop of blood. The bland assumption that we are so big, so powerful, that,we can't possibly lose, no matter what we do or do not do, is a fearful state of mind for people to get into. Obviously the Japanese think they can win; otherwise they would not have launched the war. The lalk that it was all a desperate attempt to plunge the Japanese people into some strange form o£ Oriental suicide is all nonsense. The Japanese military lords have laid their plans craftily, and, weighing their force against ours, they think they think they can win. Up to now, they have scerccly lost a trick; their raid on Hawaii, their campaigns in the Philippines and in Malaya, have been carried on will) military efficiency, no~ matter what one thinks of their morality. They suggest that the Japanese belief in vcclory is not based entirely in opium smoke. This is not talking defeatism. This is merely saying that future events are unknown; thai in Ihe nature ofwar tilings happen which no one expected; that there is nothing about the latent power or situation of any land, our own included, that guarantees victory withoul the slern, efficient, determined fighting that alone brings victory, We must have faith in ultimate victory that will carry us through whatever disappointments and setbacks await us (and they await all nations who engage in a major war). And we must have the courage to back up that faith in action, steaidly, unrelentingly, until victory is achieved. * -K * Our possessions, if they be excessive, may destroy us by becoming an obsession that smothers the whole of life. A 75-year-old New York widow was u hoarder of mementoes and clothes. Boxes and piles of them overflowed her three-room apartment. Then her oil stove set them afire, and, unable to escape in the confusion of bales and boxes, she died there. Tragic, you say? Yes, hut not more tragic than the spiritual stifling that has brought dcath-in-life to many people no less surely overwhelmed by their passion for possession lhan Ihis pitiable old lady. Reds Advance Nearer Hitler's Headquarters Advance Ail Along Front; Axis Step Up Aerial Pace in Libya By the Associated Press Russian troops were reported advancing within 100 miles oC Adolf Hitler's winter headquarters at Smolensk Wednesday while in the south the Red army forces were pictured as storming at the outer gales of Kharkov, in the Ukraine. Soviet military dispatches said collapse of the German wing defending a flank of the Moscow-lo-Mozhaisk highway had knocked out the last German '/.one of positional warfare before Moscow and that the whole front is now in action. Soviet troops were described as now battering heavily against the German defense at Mozhaisk itself. . r >7 miles west of Moscow, where a Nazi garrison of 100,000 men still hold out despite the danger of being trapped by Russian pincers closing in .from the north and south. German military quarters acknowledged that (he Russians had broken into the Mozhaisk lines Sunday but asserted they were dislodged in a counter attack. Pan-American Front Blocked by 2 Obstacles Argentina Against Alliance, Ecuador Asks Boundary Settlement RIO DE JANEIRO-(/P)—Twenty- four hours before its first official session the Pan-American conference of foreign ministers appeared to have struck two obstacles Wfcdnesdhyt— Argentina's reluctance to commit herself to any military alliance or acts of prc-belegerancy and Ecuador's determinations to settle her 100-year- old boundary dispute with Peru before entering into any general discussions. In the behind-the-scenes diplomacy aimed at creating a united Western Hemisphere front against the Axis, Argentina was considered the chief obstacle. From the most authorized source it was learned that Tobar Donoso, foreign minister of Ecuador had declared he would not lake part in the conferences session unless a basis of settlement was reached in the boundary dispute with Peru under which his country would be assured of no further aggression and would outline a final agreement. Axis Aeria.1 Force Acfivc CAIRO—(/I 5 )—The British acknowledged Wednesday increasing Axis aerial activity on the Libyan battle front but reported that their advanced forces were increasing pressure on the j main body of General Erwin Rommel's forces south of el Agehila. • "Further satisfactory progress was made and increasing pressure brought to bear on enemy rearguards," a com- munique declared. On. the Libyan Egyptian frontier some 300 miles east of this battle zone the British land and airforec were reported subjecting the Axis garrison isolated at Halfaya pass lo an intensive bombardment. Defense Office Opens in Hope Registration to Be Held on Thursday and Friday The Hempstead County Civilian Defense Volunteer Office opened Thursday morning. It will be open from !l to 12, — 1 to 5, and is located in the City Hall, first office on the right from the south entrance. Thursday and Friday registration will begin for two groups: Auxiliary policemen and auxiliary firemen. Let it be understood that those men who volunteer serve without remuneration. All able bodied men who are fitted for such duties are urged to register. Qualifications of those men registering will be studied and only those best qualified will be chosen. However, this does not mean that the volunteer who is not selected is to be rejected entirely. He will be assigned to a civilian defense task to which he is best qualified. As soon as the enrolled volunteers in the two groups called are approved a training program will be conducted after which they must be available to act in an emergency. Regardless of whether a man is within the age group subject to military service he is urged to register so that his services are available until he is called into the service. Application blanks arrived Wednesday morning, it was announced. Dingy is the name of a town in West Virginia. Employment Service Wants Skilled Men The United States Employment bureau, 201 East Second street, Hope, issued a notice Wednesday asking all graduated trainees in defense training courses in aircraft, sheet metal and riveting, register with the nearest employment office. James S. Con way, Jr... Is Made a Corporal Ntice was received here Wednesday that James S. Conway, Jr., has been promoted to the rank of corporal. Conway is stationed with the U. S. air corps at Chanule Field, 111. Production Czar Named —NEA Telcphotos Donald M. Nelson who has just been named by President Roosevelt as head of the new War Production Board, has been given the power to make final decisions on procurement and production. After many days of wrangling between the auto industries, the OPM and labor, Mr. Nelson's ;ip- appoinUr.cnl will probably bring accord to ull concerned. U. S. Loses a Staunch Friend Argentine Statesman Worked for Pan-Americanism By FRED S. FERGUSON President of NEA Service NEW YORK-The United Slales has lost its most ardent friend in all South America in the death of Dr. Rumulo S. Naon, whose passing is reported in dispatches from Buenos Aires. His life was largely devoted to the cause of Pan-Americanism. Representing Argentina in Washington as he did from 1010 to 1919, as Minister and then as Ambassador, Dr. Naon developed a keen appreciation of the United States from a political and economic standpoint, and in his later years displayed a deep sentimental attachment for all that was North American. And up to the very last he was exerting every possible influence in Argentine political circles to see that his country kept in line and in step wilh the democracies in the present war, in spite of the Axis pressure that asserted itself from time to time. Dr. Naon's "Family Luncheon" One of the most enjoyable experiences of my recent trip to South America w;is a luncheon in his home with Dr. Naon, his wife and family. It was u heart-warming experience. I had first known Dr. Naon in 1913 when he was Ambassador to the United States. I hud not seen him since, but when lie heard through.a mutual friend that I was in Buenos Aires, he immediately invited me to his office and there told me of his plans for a "family luncheon" the next day at his home. And what a family! Three beautiful daughters, and two sons, and the married ones brought their husbands or wives. There are fifteen Naon grandchildren, and while all were not in evidence, the merry palter of childish feet rang through the happy hospitable home. All members of the Naon family, of course, speak perfect English. While their father was Ambassador in Washington, the children—now gn>wn up— were educated in American schools. And even the grand-child"en also speak English. Dr. Naon was perhaps the closest personal friend of President Oritz, who was stricken virtually blind more than a year ago and has been superseded by acting-President Castillo. The former Ambassador spoke with deep feeling of his stricken friend. If lu's sight could be restored, then,' Dr. Naon said, there would not be the slightest doubt as to the course Borneo OH Center Captured by Japs (Continued on page four) Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS January March ... May July ;; October December NEW YORK .January March May \ ;"""""" July October December Middling spot 19.02. Close . 17.79| ,. 18.19 ,. 18.38 .. 18.52 . 18.'3 .. 18.78 . 17.86 . 18.14 . 18.46 . 18.55 . 18.58 Jones Seeks Alderman Post Only 5 Candidates Anounced With Deadline Friday Dale Jones, local bank cashier, announced Wednesday that he would seek nomination as alderman for ward four in the city election February 17, bringing the total number of candidates seeking office to five. Others previously announced are, Ross Spears, alderman ward three, Jessie Brown, alderman ward two; E. F. McFaddin, city attorney, and T. R. Billingsley, city clerk. All filed for re-election. Meanwhile, E. P. Young, alderman for ward one for three straight terms, announced that he would not seek a fourth. Mr. Young has served as chairman of the city police committee for 6 years and at one time or another served on almost every council committee. Calvin Cassidy, ward four alderman, previously announced that he would not seek another term. Mrs. A. J. Cox Succumbs Here Aged Hope Woman Dies at Her Home Tuesday Night Mrs.A. J. Cox, TJ, n resident of Hope for many years, died at her home on North Washington street Tuesday night, she had lived in Hope and Hempstead county most of her life. Funeral services will be held at 2 o'clock Thursday afternoon at the Holly Grove church with the Rev. Kenneth L. Spore officiating. She is survived by four daughters, Mrs. B. Arnold, Miss Emma Cox, Mrs. Tolly Mencss, all of Hope and Mrs. C. W. Field of Arkadclphia, three sons, Carl of Hope, Hart of Washington and Obe Cox of Longvicw, Washington, 10 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. This is a view of Tarakan, oil center of North Borneo* wKc° Ja p a nesc° 'r/l-'r f ° rCC '" U>C f " CC Ot Slubl)om dcfc » s * offend by the East Indies troops. Note odd shaped oil derricks Tlic " A " °» JapsSaylLS Carrier Hit Claim Lexington- Type Ship Torpe- .. doed Off Hawaii iTOKYO-COtficial; Radio Recorded by AP)—Japanese imperial headquarters declared Wednesday that a Japanese submarine had scored two torpedo hits on a U. S. aircraft carrier of the Lexington type in waters west of Hawaii. (The Lexington and its sister ship the Saratoga, both of the 33,000-ton class, were built in 1935 and normally carries a crew of 2,122 officers and men. (They have a normal carrying capacity of 81 aircraft. Total cost of vessel including aircrafts amounts to more than 45 million dollars. (The Japanes repeatedly have reported the sinking or damaging of the U. 'S. aircraft carriers but the claims have been put down by Washington officials as a means to gain information.) New British Defense Line TOKYO—(Official Broadcast recorded by AP)—The British have pitched a new defense line on the west side of Malaya from port Bickson to Seremban the Japanese radio reported Wednesday quoting a Shanghai dispatch to the newspaper Asahi. The Asahi report said the Japanese forces had pressed ahead about GO miles in two days and that the British were attempting desperately to hold their new lino because its loss would open the war for the Japanese into the strait settlement of Malacca which commands the lower Malacca strait. 2 Negroes Arrested in Shooting Scrape Police Tuesday night arrested Daisy Johnson and Ellis Williams, local negroes who were involved in a shooting scrape in Ihe north section of Hope late Tuesday night. Police said four shots were fired, three by the negro woman who was charged with asualt with intent to kill and one by In negro man, charged with assault with a deadly weapon. None of the bullets found their mark. Pointers Union to Give Dance Friday Local 113, Painters Union, will sponsor a dance at the American Legion hall, across from the postoffice, on Friday night, January 16. Music will be furnished by a well-known orchestra. Tickets arc now on sale at 1 tlie union office. A campaign is being conducted in the Para district of Brazil to purchase planes for civilian pilot traning, the Department of Commerce says. There's a Limit to Sacrifice PUEBLO, Colo.—(/P)—It may seem like a minor item to some people but City Commissioner Bert L. Beaty, defense council chairman, says one question causes trouble among the women volunteering for defense duty. 'Women have shown they can stand the rigors of war right along with men— but revealing their age, that's different matter," says Bealy. And the application card asks wome nto state their age. German Balkan Head Disappears Many Axis Troops Said Stationed in Greece ' ISTANBUL-m-January 13, Delayed—Information of a semi-diplomatic nature reaching here Tuesday night said Field Marshal Siegmund Wilhelm List, the German conquerer of the Balkins, had disappeared and that his friends in Berlin were concerned for his safety. Meanwhile new reports arrived here from Greece said approximately 70,000 German troops and 7 Italian divisions (perhaps 105,000 men) were stationed in Greece. British quarters regarded this information as reliable. Most of the Germans were said to be stationed in the Solonika area, some 160 miles from the Turkey border. Deaths from starvation in the Athens area alone now total nearly 1,000 daily, this report said. Hope Firm Buys Tire Repairing Machinery The Tol-E-Tcx oil company announced Wednesday that it had purchased 510,000 worth of tire re-capping and retreading equipment. The machines, capable of fixing 60 tires per day, is expected lo arrive soon and will be set up as soon as possible. 18MiIiions"oirTI940 Tax Assessments LITTLE ROCK Auditor J. Oscar Humphrey reported Wednesday that last year's collection from Arkansas 9 mill ad valorem lax on 1940 assessments grossed ?18,05-f,172.18. Collections by counties included Hempstead: $227,165.38. The cleclric power industry of the United Stales is undertaking the largest expansion program in its history, says the Department of Commerce. Apple Pie Still No. 1 in Army FORT FRANCIS E. WARREN, Wyo. —(/P)—Most popular dessert in the American army is apple pie, says the Sentinel, Fort Francis E Warren soldier-newspaper. Next in order of popularity comes ice cream, doughnuts, chocolate cake, cherry pie, cocoanut cake, mince pie, fruit cobbler, banana pudding, hotter- scotch pudding and rice pudding;. The information, said the Sentinel, was obtained through a poll at U. S. army camps. Daily Drilling Report of S. Arkansas By ARK. OIL & GAS COMMISSION U. S. Bombers Blast Enemy Naval Forces TwoJop Attacks on Luzon Repulsed; Battle Rages on Sarawak WASHINGTON —(/P)- The army said Wednesday that three American bombers fighting with the Nether- ' lands East Indies attacked a Japanese naval force near Tarakan, the vital oil island off the northeast coast of Borneo that has fallen to the enemy. Full results, are not known, the communique said, but two Japanese "lighters" were destroyed. The Ami- rican planes returned to their undisclosed base undamaged. Army advises indicated that the Japanese were establishing bases on the large island of Mindanao southeast of Luzon and the island of Jolo, in the Sulu archipelago. These bases would serve to support a drive on Malaya and the Netherlands Indies. In the Philippines theater where General Douglas MacArthur is fighting to hold out as long as possible to keep the Japanese from diverting larger forces to other areas, two attacks were thrown against American and Philippine soldiers but were repulsed. With supporting infantry and aircraft the enemy operations were in the nature of testing stabe., the army said. Japanese losses were reported heavy and American-Philippine cas,- ,u. ulaties were said to be "comparatively "v small." ? '" , WayclljArmies in/Indies .: • B AT AVI A—(/P)—Tfie Hard "f ighliii _ little army of the Netherlands East Indies hurled itself upon the Japanese Wednesday on the Sarawak frontier in Borneo hand to hand fighting near Lake Tondano on the northeast tip of the Celebes while bombers of the allied forces struck at Japanese in-' vasion base. , It was announced at the same time that General Sir Archibald WaveU had arrived in the Netherland East Indies with his staff. Newspapers, printed a picture of their arrival at an NEI airfield but did not indicate where his headquarters would be. An NEI communique indicated a broadening scope of the Japanese attacks reporting that Japanese bombers had struck at the big oil port of Balik Papan on tile east coast of Dutca Borneo, some 300 miles south of the Japanese captured island of Tarakan. 1 IMcKiimic Carter: Haynes No. 2. Elev. 297 (D T.) Top Buckner 9010; Top Smackover, 9103; Top Porosily 9123; Coring 9140. Allantic. Bodcaw No. 9. Brlf. 8100. Bodcaw No. 10. Loc.; C-SE, Sec. 21, 17-23. Macedonia Atlantic: Worner-FI-ewer No. 1, Loc.; C-SVi SW, Sec. 15, 18-21. McAlester: Snider Unit No. 1, Drlg. 8753. Brewer-Warnock No. 1, Drlg. SOS7. 5 Mt. Holly Atlantic: Davis B-l, Waiting on cement. Squeezed off from 7197-81. Big Creek J. W. Love: Stager No. 1, Drlg. 4613. Midway Barnsdall: Bond No. 1, Comm. Engrs. running flowing and Static BHP today. Wildcats: McAlester: Jeffua No. 1, Drlg 2540. Porkers Easy for Bobcats Local Cagers Smear Texarkana 36-18 Tuesday Night The Hope high school Bobcats opened the 1942 basketball season Tuesday night by scoring a smashing 36 to 18 victory over the Texarkana (Ark.) Razorbacks. The Hope squad started fast and outcome of the game was never in doubt. The Bobcats led 18 to 7 at the halftime period. Practically every substitute on both squads saw action. McCullough and Simms were the scoring stars of the contest with 12 points each while Wilson of Texarkana scored 6 of his team's points. Green was fourth wilh 5 tallies. The following schedule was announced by Coach Bill Brasher: January 14, Wednesday—Hope at Prescott. January 16, Friday—Hot Springs at Hope. January 20, Tuesday—El Dorado at El Dorado. January 23, Friday—North Little Rock at Hope. January 30, Friday—Hope at Cam den. February 5, Thursday—Hope at Hot Springs. February 6, Friday—Hope at North Little Rock. February 7, Saturday—Pine Bluff at Hope. February 10, Tuesday—Prescotl at Hope. February 13, Friday—Camden Jr. and Sr. at Hope. February 17, Tuesday—Hope at Texarkana. February 20, Friday—El Dorado at Hope. > f Australia Declares War on Bulgaria CANBERRA, Aust.—W—Australia declared Wednesday that a state of war exisis with Bulgaria as of January C.
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