SIX THE NORTH ADAMS, MASSACHUSETTS, TRANSCRIPT TUESDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 9. 1963 Jtorik<Ma*i8 transcript Founded 1843 Vublithed By The Transcript Publishing Anociation A Mussachumltt Trust lruif««s: Jamei A. Hardman, Jr., Robert Hardman, Edward N. Gidiby Editor, James A. Hardman, Jr. Business Manager, Robert Hardman Managing Editor, Philip A. L*« Editorial The Canal Accord More bark than bite is evident in Panama's ultimatum to the United Stales to settle points of dissatisfaction between the two countries or to open negotiations for a new canal treaty no later than Monday, July 15. Unless accord is reached, warned Foreign Minister Galileo Solis on April 25, Panama will quit a joint commission act up in 1962 to work out agreements on disputes. Panama is seeking a number of rights in the U.S. -controlled Canal Zone and wants more special economic development aid. American officials hope to avoid a repetition of the strained relations that climaxed in the diplomatically disastrous march by Panamanians on the Canal Zone in November 1359. Secretary of State Rusk promised that the United States would try to solve the pending differences before the mid-July deadline. Certain changes already have been made; the Panama flag flies alongside the Stars and Stripes at the U.S. administration building of the Zone, and the republic's merchants have won an increasingly large share of the economic activity the Zone creates. But Panama is being made aware that it derives considerable financial benefit from U.S. operation of the waterway ($77 million annually, directly and indirectly) and that these benefits are not guaranteed in perpetuity. Indeed, the United States is studying at least three routes for a new canal capable of handling modern ships. One runs through Panama's own Darien region, but another runs through Nicaragua and the third through Colombia. The paradoxical Panamanian reaction is that the United States has a moral obligation to build any new canal in Panama. France and fhe Tour The second Sunday in July this year falls on the 14th and that means that the Tour de France, Europe's most famous bicycle race, will end in Paris on Bastille Day. And that means that Monday, July 15 will probably be struck from the French calendar. Bastille Day is a peculiarly Republican holiday. Unlike our Independence Day, it celebrates not the throwing off of a foreign oppressor's yoke but the birth of individual liberty. The Bastille was so terrifying an edifice that the French called it- simply "Building," as if there were no other building. And this year— 174 years after the Paris mob cried: "Victoirc! La Bastille est prise! The Bastille is taken!" __ The French will dance in the streets and drink wine and sing in the annual rebirth of an entirely Gallic sort of freedom. For Paris it will be something like the Army-Navy game topping a Fourth of July sundae. For the Tour de France is less a sporting event than a national celebration. This 2,600-mile bicycle race around the perimeter of France including stretches of the Pyrenees and the Alps, annually catches France in a kind of public frenzy. It has been said that the country could be invaded and the government fall, but if it happened during the Tour, nobody would notice. Most certainly it wouldn't maKe Page 1 of a French newspaper, which in the three weeks of the race is reserved for some of the fruitiest prose ever written. (It was chronicled of one casualty that he "died in beauty in the mountains.") The Tour is rugged enough to deserve its fame. On the rainy second day of last year's race a photographer's motorcycle skidded into the pack, sending 12 riders flying. Several had to be lifted into Tour ambulances. One cyclist, Ezio Pizzoglio, suffered a skull fracture and hovered between life and death for two weeks. Even without serious accidents, the wages of fame are broken bones, torn ligaments, and saddle sores. But then comes the triumphant return to the Pare dcs Princes stadium, the victory kisses, the maillot blanche (white jersey) —and some $120,000 or more in prize money. Only Test i Drury's First Graduate Died; Girard, Boyer Became Firemen .10 Years Ago Mrs. Gustina Bcnton Wclherbce, 81. of E. Qnincy St., North Adams, widow of Herbert E. Weltierbce and the first graduate ol Dniry Academy, died at the home of her daughter, Mr-s, W. Arthur Saltford in Poughkcepsic, N. Y., where she had hcen visiting. * V * Mayor Archie J. Pratt named Arthur A. Girard of 03 Brooklyn St., and Harry K, Boyer of 2.i Gal- Hip St., both of the reserve department, to the permanent Fire Department. Arthur N. Brute and Edward W. Pilot were appointed to replace them in the reserve force. * * y James P. Fleming of Williamstown leased his garage on Adams Ret. to Edward Winn, a former employe of Bacon's Garage, who was operating the business as the Taconic Garage. * * * George W. Russell, 32, known to his friends as "Spot" Russell, accidentally shot himself in the chest when he dropped his rifle nl (ho camp on Mic north shore of Windsor Lake, where he lived alone. He was hospitalized. ' * * * 20 Years Ago Oliver L, West of Wilfiamstown, whose late father, .Innics U. West formerly had served as administrative officer of the Brooklyn Navy Yard for 3ff years under 20 admirals, was promoted to lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy Reserve in Washington, D.C. where he was stationed in th* Lend-Lease Administration Office. * « * William Edward Closson, 26, a member of the U.S. Air Force and brother of Miss Marjorie Closson, The Transcript's Williamstown corres]>ondcnt, was killed in action over Germany.. * * * Arsene Monette of Massachusetts Ave. was installed as president, of the North Adams Lions Club. * <' * 10 Years Ago Five Northern Berkshire Boy Scouts, Francis Bissaillon and Burton T. Richards of North Adams, and Starr D. Baker, George N. Sayles and William H. Todt, all of Adams, left to attend the third National Boy Scout. Jamboree at Simla Ana, Cnlif. * # * Stathcs G. Manintti, manager of the North Adams plant of the Ralston Purina Co, for 11 years, was transferred to the managership of the company's plant in Willimantic, Conn., effective Aug. 1. + * * Robert L. Horn of Orchard St., Adams, was awarded a $1,000 Frankc Hunlington Boaworlh Memorial Fellowship in landscape architecture by Cornell University. He had completed in June a five-year course in landscape architecture at North Carolina Stale University in Raleigh. Record Keeping IRS Will Issue Amended Expense Account Rules By ROWLAND EVANS and ROBERT NOVAK WASHINGTON — After six months of angry prodding from both public and Congress, the Internal Revenue Service is trying ing to make its expense account regulations intelligible to any American businessman—even if he isn'l a certified public accountant. Don't expect a return of the good old days (pre-January 1, 1963, thai is) when businessmen needed only a minimum of records to claim tax deductions for travel and entertainment costs. The IRS is sure, for example, to keep its new requirement that (he taxpayer must get a receipt for any travel or entertainment expense of $25 or more. But sometime Ihis summer, Revenue Comm. Mortimer Caplin will issue amended regulations seeking to clear up some of the confusion that has given taxpayers headaches and brought the hotel and reslaurant industry to the brink of depression. And that represents at least a partial victory for Sen. George Smathers of "Florida and other lawmakers who have been hammering away at the record-keeping requirements. * * * ALL THIS FUSS dates back to the 1961 Tax Revision Act, which repealed the old Cohan Rule. In 1030, the Supreme Court rilled that song-and-dance-man George M. Cohan Jr. could claim tax deductions for his estimated business entertainment expenses even though he kept no records. It wasn't until 31 years later thai Congress voted to require that taxpayers must substantiate entertainment and travel costs. Then came the IRS regulation of December 28, 1962, which turned every traveling salesman into an embryonic accountant. Expense account spending fell off. Some plush restaurants and nightclubs laid off workers; others closed their doors. Protests swamped Congress. The climax came two weeks ago when Commissioner Caplin was summoned before a closed- door meeting of Congress's Joint Internal Revenue Committee, a blue ribbon body of senior tax writers from both the Senate and House. Caplin listened to a reading of a confidential report- still unpublished—by the Joint Committee's staff. * * * THE CONGRESSIONAL report doesn't question the substance of the regulations, not even the hated $25 receipt requirement. But it docs imply that they are not nearly so clear as they might be, "It appears," says the committee staff, "that uncertainly as to the inadequacy of record keeping prictices and confusion as Ihe precisely whal records are required to he maintained are contributing factors" to the hotel-restaurant decline. An example: the new regulations do permit tax-deductible en- lertainmenl in a nightclub under certain conditions even if business is not discussed. Yet, the illustrations of record keeping issued by the IRS make it appear that business mailers must be discussed. Another example: the regulations do not specifically require a record of the purpose of a tax- deductible business meal. On the other hand, an IRS tax sleuth could later demand documentary subslanlialion of Ihe business purpose. ' ' * "THUS," the report declares, "a taxpayer musl make a decision as to whether he should maintain time-consuming records not actually required by the regulations or whether he should retain only those records specifically required and hope an examining agent will not challenge the adequacy of his substantiation." After hearing the report, Caplin promised to return alxxit Ihe end of July with some qualified revisions. If Ihey satisfy the Joint Committee, Caplin will put them into effect immediately. This could be the last chapter in Ihe Kennedy administration's unhappy attempl to repeal our expense account civilization. Certainly, the Administration Is to be applauded (or « long-overdue assault on tax chiselers who have been writing off yachts, hunting lodges, and other high life as legitimate business expenses. But the Kennedy men never seemed certain whether they were aim- irig just at abuses or at expense account spending generally. As a result, they clipped Ihe cheals and law-abiding businessmen alike. Worse yet, while acting in 111* name of tax reform, the Administration has made it all the more complicated for a citizen lo make oul his own lax return. Thai's nol lax reform by any standard. North Adams Skies Tuesday, July I Sunset today, 8:33 p.m. Sunrise tomorrow, 5:23 a.m. Moonrise lonighl, 10:42 p.m. Lasl Quarter, July 13. The planet, Saturn, seen to the right of the Moon tonight, will continue lo move slowly westward among the stars of Capri- cornus until late in October, "Imagine Trying to Tell People What They Can Do In Their Own Places of Business!" 4nd By the Way- Some Haunting Hazards -. (=*=>S7- Small World A Few I ferns of Good News For fhe Record WHY DOES NEWS so often mean bad news? Is it because man is so ornery a creature that he does more harm than goort? If you judge from newspaper headlines, this would seem lo be a fair conclusion. Yet a moment's reflection shows that this isn't (he case at all. Bad news is news because it is unusual. News is something out of the ordinary, something that catches ov.r attention because it is dramatic, different. All the goodness and love and self-sacrifice and patient endurance and neighborliness that goes on day after day is taken for granted; it's not news. So it ought to encourage as that misfortune, crime and disaster are news. If they weren't, it would mean they were normal—something we had come [o take for granted. Since good news docs tend to get ignored or buried, I have a few items I'd like to sel down for the record. * * * IN THE NEW African country of Guinea, once thought to be pro-Communist, a vast modem city has arisen in what was once open country. Its beautiful buildings and spare, functional design are not the result of a government project, but of private enterprise working under governmental approval to establish a basic industry which will bring high standards of living and health to the people. Its schools are modem, its housing attrctive. All facilities are completely integrated. The basis for this attractive community is a huge mountain of bure bauxite (aluminum-containing ore) which pro- Cross word Puzzle By BRADFORD SMITH cides Guinea with halt its exports. French and American technicians are training Guineans to operate the modern plant. Guinea's Prime Minister Tours is encouraging more of this sort of private enterprise. H raises living standards and provides foreign exchange without any ol the political implications of foreign aid. Impressed by American kno'V- how, Guinea invited the Peace Corps to send 40 volunteers to teach simple basic mechanical and agricultural skills to its people. Tile chickens in Guinea lay small eggs. Perhaps a change in diet can double their size. Similarly, proper use of forest lands can bring new income to a country (hat has valuable resources. Russian prestige has sunk so low, in spile of the aid it has given Guinea, that the now technical school it has built there may be largely staffed from the West. * * * ANOTHER ITEM of good news: While sonic countries are failing to live np to their obligations to the U. N., Sweden has agreed with Denmark and Norway on setting up a joint 3,000 man emergency force which will be ready to move (o any spot in the world where the U.N. needs it. Swedith Premier Tage Erlandcr also supports his country's program of foreign aid. Although it is a drop in the bucket compared to ours, he seems to favor increasing it to one per cent of the national income. If every industrialized country would do this, experts believe, the war against poverty, ignorance and disease could be won. ACROSS 1. Played Ilit lead 8. Tamarisk tree 12. Bank of grass 13. Edible gland 1*. TennU point 15. Weir 16. Kng. composer 17. Constrictor 18. Object oC thought 20. Sea: Fr. 21. Father 22. Menace 24. Self- protection 28.'The Gloomy Dean" 29. Unreserved 30. Confided 32. In conclusion 34. Football position: abbr. 35. Amcn-Ra'i wife 36. In addition 3 8. Piercing. 41. Arabic lelltr 13. Interest abbr. 44. WInlerperll 45. Glacial jnowftcld 46. Ocean liner SO1UTION OF YESTERDAY'S PUZZLE 48. Ragout 5. Mcasure- 49. Manyrdoffl mentofan DOWN angle 1. Dagger- 6. Habitat ! stroke plant form 2. Mexican 1. Ooddcss Indian ofmarrlagt 3. Range 8.1.llcraty . scraps 4. Transportation: abbr. 31 45 Tl 9. Anguish \ 10. Progeny \ 11. Did one's best 19. Kxdama- lion 21. Confined 23. Succeed 24. Woman's wraps 25. Shoulder ornninenl 26. Convivial 27. Fashion designer 31.I.ong o\n- coal 33. Lord Pro vosl: abbr, 37. To 38. Hed pin* 39. Maple, genus 40. Kxbltd 42. 47. By THEN THERE ARE the privately financed groups like World Neighbors which have former formed partnerships in many undeveloped areas of the world with people who are willing to help themselves, but need technical advice and encouragement. Three years ago World Neighbors began working with a group of Filipino families who had been moved from the squatter settlement in Manila and relocated 10 miles away. They had no roads, lights or water. They were now too far from the city to find work. Frustration led to crime. World Neighbors supplied a trained couple to help (hem. They showed the poeple how lo build their own sanitary facilities, They borrowed an army bulldozer to get a road started, found employment for ISO in a coconut fiber industry, started clubs for youth and women. Soon these "underprivileged" people were going as volunteers to help a nearby village that was worse off than themselves. When (he Peace Corps was established less than two years ago, there was a lot ol head-shaking and prediction of failure. Now, with more than S.OOO members at work around the world, we know ttiat it is one of the best things we ever did. Young Americans used to every convenience and comfort have shown themselves able and resourceful in the most primitive surroundings. Something of the frontiersman seems lo have lived in us after all. Modern Etiquette By ROBERTA LEE Q. How do you address a greeting card of any kind (o your employer at his home? A. If for a birthday, it would of course he addressed just to him. Bui for Christmas, Easier, or some other special observance, it should be addressed to both him and his wife, whether you know her or not. Q. When other guests begin lighting cigarels after a meal in someone's home, and there is no ashtray near you, is il all vighl to use one of the used dishes on the table in front of you? A. Definitely not! Don't light your cigarel unlil you have asked your hostess if you may have an ashtray. Q. When eating in a restaurant where butter pats are served in paper containers, may one lei his knife rest on Ihe pat when not in use? A. No. The knife should .rest along the upper right part of Ihe dinner plate — and never, of course, with the handle resting on Ihe (able. The Transcript welcomes letters from its readers. Its columns ara always open lo Ihe free expression of opinions on any mailers of public inlercst or concern. It Is suggested thai short letters are the most effective, and communtcnllons, particularly lengthy ones, are subject to condensation. Statements which ftrc considered libclous cannot be printed. All letters should be sinned lor public*lion. By MAYNARD LEAHEY DO YOU ever suffer from haunlings? Nol the hauntings commonly associated with ghosls and spooks and other wraillis from the worlds beyond, but the kind that are conjured up by your own mind and which can keep you off balance for hours or perhaps days, because they re- lale lo things beyond your immediate control. This hedevilment may be more common than generally realized. For example, there is Ihe haunling caused by Ihe speculation that springs, unbidden, from thoughts about the letter you just have mailed. Ordinarily, you slide a letter through the mail slot at the Post Office and that is that. You think no more about it. You go your way in peace. But then there are those occasions when, after the letter has vanished from view, you suddenly wonder if you have addressed il properly. Or if you have addressed it at all. * * v WORSE STILL, if you have mailed two envelopes simullane- ously there now and then are those occasions when the conviction seizes you that you have put the wrong letters in the wrong envelops, and have sent to one address a letter intended for another. The more you think of these possibilities, the more you feel certain that you have com- milled Ihose blunders. And there isn't much you can do but wait for the passage of time to supply the answers. Another form of haunting is lhat which occurs on a night when you are allending a meeting or some solemn event from which you cannot gracefully excuse yourself, and suddenly your mind has visions of your car in the parking lot with its lights slill blazing. Try as you may, you cannot remember whether you turned the switch or not, and so you are haunted for the next two or three hours by the thought of a stone-dead battery awaiting you. * * * THEN THERE is the variety that frequently besets you when you are nearing the end of a long journey away from home and the suspicion grows thai you left wa- ler running in the bathtub. It is far too late to do anything about it, because retracing your steps 200 or 300 miles is out of the question, and there is no way of checking up because the house has been locked and boiled securely and, besides, all the neighbors also are away. Hence, you are haunted by the vision of a disastrous deluge, a haunting that is by no means minimized by the fact that you cannol be sure it is based on fact. A particularly devastating form of haunting is that of having invited friends for dinner and then being unable to recall whether you specified their visit was to be today or lomorrow. This torment is more apl to occur when your prospective guests, for one reason or another, are out of reach. And even if (hey could be reached, (here would be a certain degree of embarrassment involved in inquiring whether you had asked them to come today or tomorrow. * * * SO YOU are confronted with a devil-and-deep-sea choice. Do you prepare a big dinner and risk having none but yourselves to deal with it? Or do you gamble your prestige and reputation as a host and assume Hint the invitation was for tomorrow, only to have them arrive ioday when you have made no preparations to feed more than yourselves? Or how about returning from a party or other social gathering and suddenly being gripped with the uneasy feeling that you said something that was out of place? You seem to remember a chill that came over the group, and you find yourself wondering if it was something you said. There is no way of knowing then. You just have to wait for subsequent encounters to provide the answer. There are no spooks quite as spooky as (hose called into being by one's own second thoughts. The World Today U.S. Has Had Bad Luck Wifh Dicfafor Friends By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP)-The United Slates has had tough luck with some of its dictator friends. There's President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Viet Nam. When the French gave up fighting (he Communists in 19,~>4, the United States, which had been helping the French, then started helping Diem. It's been helping him ever since. It's poured more than $2 billion into Viet Nam. It has also sent in 12,000 military men as advisers in his war against the Communist guerrillas. A number of these American servicemen have been killed. The cost of this military aid is running around $500 million a year. Diem still hasn't rallied the Vietnamese people to his support in any wholehearted way. And defeat of the Communists doesn't look any closer than it did nine years ago after the French quit. * * * Then there was Fulgencio Batista. He was the Cuban dictator from 1932 until Jan. 1, 1059. when Fidel Castro drove him out and set up a brand new dictatorship. The American-Batista relationship had been profitable from a money standpoint. During his regime trade between Cuba and the United States ran more than $400 million a year. Castro had begun the war on Batista in 19Sfi. From then until a few months before Batista fled, Ihe United States shipped him arms, When Castro later complained about this, the State Department had an explanation: 'r««a Ntws Analyst The arms were meant for hemisphere defense but Batista misused (hem. Then there is Dr. Francois Duvalier of Haiti, (he 54-year-old doctor and expert on voodooism. He got himself elected tor a six-year term in 1957 and at once became a dictator with an army of 5,000 men. He distrusted the army so much he set up his own secret army, or secret police, numbering 10,000. Then Duvalier arranged (o succeed himself for another six years, slarting May 15. This caused so much commotion it looked for a while as if his enemies might throw him out. Relations between the two countries grew miserable. Duvalier stayed. And when his personal physician. Dr. Jacques Fourcand, in a public speech denounced the United States a a "Democracy of sluts," Duvalier pumped his hand (o congratulate him. But the United States resumed diplomatic relations which had been cut off. * V * And then there was lire unforgettable Rafael Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic for 31 years until he was assassinated May 30, lilSI. The American relationship with him got (his coun- Iry perhaps its worst criticism in Latin America. The United States, along with olher hemisphere countries, broke off relations with him in 1%0 but that was pretty late to discover he wasn't a nice man. Hal Boyle Two Hundred Years From Now You May Read News Like This NEW YORK (AP) — Selected society and political news from space age newspapers in the year 2,163: London — A government crisis was averted after all members of the Labor cabinet swore in the House of Lords that they had never spent weekends en masse on the planet Venus. * * * ROME — Pope Pius XV, in an eloquent appeal for universal peace, called UIXDU all the inhabitants of the solar system to adopt eternal principles of social justice to avert Ihe threat of calamitous skywide warfare. WASHINGTON, D.C. — President and Mrs. John Adams Roosevelt Rockennedy c e I e- brated their 100th wedding anniversary with their BIT living de- sccndanls. A r\\nc\ family game of touch water polo In the Potomac featured the day's festivities. * * » MOSCOW — The new Tory government announced » K per cent pay bonus for everybody, the invention of a new three-pants suit, and said Ihe Bureau of Industry had turned out 3 billion, 200 million swivel chairs during the current year. NEW YORK — One of our latest-model tourist ferryboats to Mars has been unreporifid (or five minutes. It is feared that it was struck by nn asteroid. Some 8,012 passengers — and the two crewmen — are thought tost. * * * CORNCOB, Neb. — Jasper Y. Taller, local county agent, disclosed today the U.S. Department of Agriculture is secretly going forward with plans lo store surplus corn and whcnl on Ihe plnnct Jupiter. Local bin owners, claiming this is a Communist plot, have called an indignation meeting. ALBANY, N.Y. - Kov. Robert Kennefcllcr told New York State's 512,000 hard-hit schoolteachers his Economy budget forbade any increase in Ihcir present $35,000-n year salaries.
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