WoKd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 77 Stor of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather Partly cloudy and warmer Tuesday night. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 13, 194F fAP)—'Means Associated Press (NEAy—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Attack Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator WILLIS THORNTON l\ > The Smaller Allies Peddling Pastors We incline to think of the war in terms of Germany-Italy- Japan versus U. S. A.-Britain-China-Russia. That is, of course, the main outline of the lineup. Our position is better than that, however. There are, among the 26 nations allied against the Fascist conspiracy, other peoples whose help might well be the balance of power that will mean victory. -— ® The Dutch: They might have stood by idly and watched Malaya and the Philippines fall, taking a chance as so many others have taken it, that they would not be next. But the Dutch knew better. Their homeland in Europe was overrun and desolated by that same tragic error. Once, but not twice. On the day Japan struck, Dutch planes flew to Singapore, Dutch submarines sank transports in the Gulf of S'iam, Dutch planes struck the first blows in defense of Sarawak. The Netherlands have been conquered, but Dutch spirit lives on, and Holland still fights with indomitable courage. The Norwegians: Eighty per cent of the magnificant Norwegian merchant Italy, Greece flcct is f 'Sl>ting the fight against Fascism. It is estimated that half the gasoline and oil reaching Britain today goes in Norwegian ships manned by Norwegian crews. Almost a thousand Norse flyers are in training in Canada; training camps for Norse troops arc in England, and raids on the Norwegian coast always include some of these; in addition, there are Norwegian volunteers with the British and Russian armies. The Poles: Every spectacular air raid on Germany includes Polish pilots and the reconquest of Libya was partly due to their work in the air. Polish troops are training in England and Russia. Free French: Valuable aid in the occupation of Syria, many bold strokes in Africa, a sizable force in the British Isles and a navy whose strength is by no means negeligible—all these with more to come arc definite contributions of the French who have not forgotten freedom. Yugoslavs: Many German divisions have been kept busy by the Serbian gucrialls who never stopped fighting. Greeks, Belgians,. Danes, Czechs— the Allied armies are full of volunteers from those countries, and in every one of the occupied lands an effective opposition lo the German conquerors still drgs against them, whereas none of the minor stooge countries allied to the Axis is making a wholehearted effort in its support. Central-American countries have hobbled fifth column work and otherwise aided. Time is welding a world-wide alliance against those who thought to rule the yorld. * * * Down in Durham, N. C., ministers of the gospel have agreed to make all their shorter pastoral calls on bicycles. It isn't silly, and it isn't a grandstand play. Every gallon of gasoline, every ounce of rubber saved, is just that much more for shortening the war. Plenty of other people are going to be doing things like soon. It won't hurt them nearly as much as they may now imagine. In fact Jots of people are going to learn to walk all over again, and in doing so they are going to find pleasure and .benefit in something of which theyre robbed themselves in this motor age. British Expect German Thrust on Malta Base Nazi Invasion Forces Reported Concentrated in ,, Greece LONDON-(/TV-Rcports that German troops were being massed in Italy for an attack on the British Mediterranean island base of Malta and in western Europe and Norway as a • precaution against a possible invasion from Britain, appeared Tuesday in London newspapers. The Daily Mail in a dispatch date- lincd from Madrid said advices from Rome reported that German rein, forccmcnts were puoring into Italy. Concentralions of German troops all faced Malta, the newspaper said, adding that expected assault would be carried out almost entirely by the German airforcc and was looked for within 10 days or three weeks. nurses Said Ready CAIRO—(/P)—Concentrations of German ; aircraft and troops _in ; Sicily ftVerhed*Britain's attention Tuesday to the island air and naval base of Malta, less than GO miles to the south as possible target of a major Nazi attack. The Germans were reported to have other air concentrations in Greece and Crete and the Greek coast was said to resemble the English Channel ports in September 1940 with countless invasion barges and other ships waiting for action. '• Bureau Backs Food Campaign T. A. Cornelius Urges Farmers to Participate Support of the Hcmpstead county Farm Bureau behind the "Food-for- ictory" campaign being sponsored by the Agriculture Extension Service was announced this week by President T. A. Cornelius of Hope, Route No. 4, who urged every farm family in the county to actively participate in this patriotic program. "In behalf of the Farm Bureau in this county, I want to appeal to all of our members and to other fram families as well lo cooperate to the fullest extent possible with our county extension agents in the "Food-for-Victory" drive. "This patriotic program must be carried to successful completion, and, since the time element is an important factor, it is imptTative that every individual recognize the gravity ofthis war emergency and arrange to make his services available on short notice. "Every citizen in the nation will be called upon to make sacdifices necessary to the successful prosecution of this war and we, as farmers, must accept without hesitation demands on our time and services which will be forthcoming. The 'Food-for- Victory' campaign is one of them. By our active cooperation in it, we will be mak- mate victory by our armed forces. holding the traditional patriotism of ing an important contribution to ulti- And, simultaneously, wo will be up- rural people which was cslabliscd when this nation was founded and which has become more deep-rooted with every emergency it has faced." Tarakan, Dutch Island, Taken by Jap Forces No Word From Singapore But Chinese Launch Major Offensive BATAVIA -(/P)— Japanese invaders have captured the little oil producing island of Tarakan of the northeast Borneo coast but a stubbornly fighting little Dutch garrison held them off until all oil fields und equipment were thoroughly demolished, it was announced officially late Tuesday night. Only then, the Ancia News agency said, did the garrison survivors surrender. Large numbers of Japanese had poured into Tarakan, lillcraly overrunning it and the communique said only remnants of the garrison escaped to the mainland. Exile Leaders Pledge • to Punish Quislings LONDON— (/P)— The governments of 8 Axis nations and Free French pledged themselves Tuesday to post war punishment of occupation officials and accomplaccs for what Secretary Eden described as oppression and brutality imposed on Europe. Eden said the Quislings also would have little reason to look to the future with any hope. Gas Company Given Permit La.-Nevada to Build Line to New Oil Field LITTLE ROCK —The State Utilities Commission Monday authorized the Louisinaa Nevada Transit com- peny to build and operate a five and ne-half mile, six inch pressure pipe line to transport natural gas from its main line to the Barnsdall Oil company's discovery oil well in the Hem- pstcad-Lafayette area. Such a move will not injouriously affeclany other public utility the commission agreed. Cranium Crackers Tehatcr Tags Many famous American enter- taners can be identified by a stage prop, costume or saying associated with them. Have you looked over the footlights enough to recognize these? 1. He chewed gum and spun a lariat while monologing. 2. "Glorfying the American girl" made this one famous. 3. She sang torch songs win" a sitting upon a piano. 4. With battered hat on his hood and clarinet in hand he usually asks, "Is everybody happy? could not hold him. Chinese Take Offensive CHUNGKING-*/! 1 }—Field dispatches reported Tuesday that Chinese forces had launched an offensive against the Japanese-held cities of Hwaiyang, Talking, Chichcng and Luyi which forms the points of a square, measuring roughly 35 miles from corner to corner in the northeast Hunan province. The dispatch declared that several hundred Japanese troops comprising the garrison of a village just north of Hwaiyang had been wiped out during the first phase of the push. A Japanese column in the neighboring province of Anhwci to the east apparently cnroulc to aid the Hunan forces was said to have been beaten back. Meanwhile broken remnants of the Japanese army, retreating from its ill-starred asault on Hunan capital of Changsha lo the south, were said to have succeeded in breaking through the Chinese cordon along the Milo river only to find their further withdrawal blocked by other .Chinese units. City Court Is Held Monday Judge W. K. Lemley Presides Over Session The following cases were heard in municipal court here Monday at the Hope city hall with Judge W. K. Lemley presiding: Chester Teague, drunkenness. Plea of guilty, fined $10. Jess Atkins, drunkenness. Plea of guilty, fined 510. C. C. Brubbs, drunkenness. Plea of guilty, fine $10. The following forfeited a cash bond of ?10 for drunkenness: N. L. Harris, M. D. Whatley, O. E. McCorkle, Howard Anderson, Mike O'Rcilcy, Jim Thomason, Tommic Glanton, Thurman Downs. Harry Browning, failing to signal when leaving a curb. Forfeited $1 cash bond. C. B Spurlock, blocking an alloy, Forfeited $1' cash bond. Hugh Buercklin, running a "stop" signal. Forfeited $1 cash bond. W. Martindale, driving a car with no driver's license. Forfeited $1 cash bond. F. W. Thompson, speeding. Forfeited $5 cash bond. C. B. Spurlock, incorrect parking, Forfeited $1 cash bond. Milton Gleghorn, operating a car with no tail light. Forfeited ?1 cash •bond. J. W. Barrett, driving a car with 4 in front seat. Forfeited $1 cash bond. Floyd Darter, operatin ga car with no tail light. Forfeited $1 cash bond. The following forfeited $10 cash bond on a charge of gaining: Richard R Stuart, Lester Beasley, Edgar Williams, Paul Taylor, Luther Nash, Charley Foster. Nathaniel Williams, gaming. Tried, found not guilty. Calvin Forbes, gaining. Tried, found not guilty. Matthew Webb, gaming. Tried, found not guilty. J. T. Thomas, gaming. Tried, found not guilty. R. B. Watson, gaining. Dismissed on motion of City Attorney. Louie Rogers, drunkenness. Forfeiture on Bond to extent of $10. Gentry Adams, driving a car while under the influence of intoxicating liquor. Plea of guilty, fined $100. R. L. Baker, speeding. Plea of guilty, fined $5. J. P. Felcner, parking on highway. Plea of guilty, fined ?10. Civil Docket L. R. Urrey vs. Luther Morrison, W. E. Callahan Construction Co., Garnishee, action on account for $12.80. Crack Russian Troops Storm Nazi-Held Orel Germans Fall Back on Entire Front; British Take Salum in Africa LONDON -(V)— Waves, of crack Russian troops paced by tank and motorized infantry vanguards were reported storming Orel Tuesday as the Red army pressed against the saging Na/.i lines no three main Soviet fronts. Russian sources said Orel, 200 miles south of Moscow and one of the key outposts of Soviet capital's defense already was bypassed and flanked. (The BBC heard by NBC of New York said it was understood that Orel already had been retaken. The Soviet command was said to have called on new shock armies, backed up by ski troopers and cal- avary, to take Orel and thus secure a ba.se for a broader offensive aimed at rolling back • the German line toward Bryansk, about 80 miles northwest. Beside the front south of Moscow authorized sources called the Red army progress good also before Leningrad and in the Crimea. Strong Soviet attacks were said to have been launched in the north just below Lake Ilmen, apparently aimed at trapping a large Gentian force outside Leningrad. In the Crimea as on the mainland the Russians apparently attempting to keep the Germans on the move, giving them no respite which they might use to entrench themselves and hold a solid line. Reports from Russia said Soviet planes were creating havoc among the retreating Nazis by blowing up bridges and bombing concentrations and supplies. British Take Siilum CAR1O-WV-The capture of Salum, tightening the British encirclement of holdout Axis troops in the Halfaya sector, was announced by the British Midle Eastd headquarters Tuesday as imperial vanguards more than 300 mile" to the east pressed on the heels of the retreating enemy. Between 7,000 and 8,000 Axis troops were believed to be isolated in the area near the Libya-Egyptain frontier. (Continued on page four) Willisville Girls to Play Jan. 17 Will Take On Oklahoma Champs at Waldo Saturday The Willisville High School Girls will play the strong Byng High School team at Waldo, Saturday night, January 17. Byng has been the Oklahoma state champions five out of the last seven years and recognized as one of the nations best teams. Evelyn Casey, twice all state, is Byng's main scoring threat while the two sisters make up a strong guarding combination. Willisville will relp on fast ball handling and the clever shooting of their forwards, Shackleford, Martin and Harring sisters. British Torpedo 3 Italian Ships Submarines Torpedo 2 Supply Ships, Mine Sweeper LONDON-^)—The admiralty announced Tuesday night-that a 5,222- ton Italian supply ship had been torpedoed, another Axis supply ship set afire by gunfire and an Italian mine sweeper sunk by British submarines in the Mediterranean. The admiralty identified the mine sweeper as Ihe Santa Pictro and said the supply ship Sirio was damaged. Civilian Defense Office in City Hall The Hempstead county office of Civilian Defense will open Wednesday morning in the Hope city hall, next door to the city clerk's office. Announcement of the date of re- gislratoin of volunteer civilian defense workers will be made Wednes day. Shattered Japs Attacks and Allied Counter Bl • ® ows HAINAN JAW CLAIM OLONGAPO MANILA PHILIPPINE ISLANDS South China Sea SAIGON 'CH SINK TRANSPORTS BRITISH RETIRE TO NEW LINE ALLIES BOMI JAP VESSELS Ce/efccs Sea ^ DAVAO ^^ _..^fc >A* I ' ' *• -—' dM^bT^V^LJl I r^ Iff* -* SCALE OP DUTCH EAST INDIES 0 300 4-* 1 JAP THRUSTS Welles, Brazil Leaders Confer Argentina Expected to Be Only Pan- American Holdout RIO' DE JANEIRO—(/P)—United States Under Secretary of State, Sumner Welles, encouraged by conversations with Brazil's governments leaders went into an all-day series of conferences with American foreign ministers Tuesday to discuss relations between tliis Hemisphere and the Axis nations. Although he expressed satisfaction over talks with President Getulio Vargas and Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha of Brazil there was a possibility the day would produce the first clash of U. S. and Argentine views on formation of an all-American anti- Axis front. Argentina, reluctant to enter into any military alliance was regarded as the chief obstacle to unanimous action in the Pan-American conferences opening Thursday. Black arrows under Japanese flags indicate section and direction of Jan attacks in the East Indies. Other legends indicate spots where Allied counter blows fell as Nipponese attacks gained momentum. Marine Corps Enlistments Following South Arkansas Youths Join Marine Corps Teh recruiting department of the Marine corps announced that the following men of this section had made application for enlistment and passed preliminary examinations for tentatively acceptance, pending completion of papers and final examinations in Little Rock: Atlas Ratcliff, Bingen, Ark.; Learmon W. Waters, Prcscott, Ark.; Robert M. Aland, Rosston, Ark. Henry Craig Bcarden. Hope, Ark.; William S. Higgason, Ozan, Ark.; James D. Russell, Okolona, Ar.; Boyd W. Fultz, Fouke, Ark.; Jimmie O. Reynolds, Mt. Holly, Ark.; Albert C. Griffic, Eagle Mills, Ark.; William P. Cooley, Glenwood, Ark.; Loyd D. Givcns, Smackover, Ark.; Sherman N. Robberts, Hope, Ark.; Mac Kenneth Nalley, Bluff City, Ark. Allies to Set Up Supreme War Council LONDON — W 1 )— A supreme war council to cordinatc allied manpower and supplies is expected to be established as a direct result of the Washington conferences between President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, London sources said Tuesday. Extension of the southwest Pacific plan to Mediterranean area was regarded as likely. German's World War gun, "Big Bertha," attaicd a muzzle velocity of 3400 miles an hour. A Thought I will never be by violence eon- strained to do anything.—Queen Elizabeth. Barlow Sold to Little Rock Man Transaction Announced Tuesday by J. D. Barlow The H6tel Barlpw, established here more than 50 years ago by ,Mr. and Mrs. M. H. Barlow, has been sold to Clay Hairston, manager o£ the Marion Hotel of Little Rock, J. D. Barlow announced here Tuesday. Mr. Barlow said that final papers on the transaction would be signed either Tuesday night or Wednesday morning. Hairston will take charge immediately. He also announced that Mr. Hairston had been in New York for the past 20 days purchasing equipment for complete remodeling and redocratiry* the hotel. A dining hall and coffee shop will be operated in the hotel. Long an outstanding hotel in Arkansas it has been owned and managed by the Barlow family since establishment. The family also operated hotels at DeQueen and Malvem. Mr. Hairston lias had much experience as a hotel manager having been connected with the Southwest Hotels, Inc. for the past 10 years. Quick Change in Industry Automobile Trade Converted for Defense Use By DAVID J. WILKIE AP Automotive Editor DETROIT—The nation's automobile industry, second only to steel in normal business volume, will close its books on 1941 with the record of having converted the major part of its production capacity to national defense and at the same time rolled out approximately 5,000,000 passenger cars and trucks. The industry twice before has produced more than 5,000,000 vehicles in one year, but it never before undertook at the same time the volume manufacture of war material. Of commitments already totalling about $4,000,000,000 for aircraft engines, bomber planes, Army tanks and a long list of other items, the industry has thus far delivered approximately $2,000,000.000 worth; it expects additional contracts totalling several billion dollars lo be allocated during the coming year. The year just closing brought to the automobile industry a bulging retail demand, swollen largely by fears of a production curtailment so drastic as to make cars unobtainable; it brought the curtailment orders from the governmental defense agencies, but coincidentally a sudden lag in consumer demand that piled up stocks of new cars in the earl ymonths of the new year; it brought also a partial explanation for this development in increased prices, increased taxation on automobiles and sharp restrictions on instalment buying. U. S. to Furnish Allied Arsenal American Mission Chief Returns From Eritrea CAIRO— (ff>— Brig. Gen. Russell L. Maxwell returned Tuesday from Eritrea where he visited sights to be developed by the U. S. in converting the Red S'ea into a vast arsenal for the Middle East. The general who as chief of the U. S. North African mission is in sharge o fthe project, said work was proceeding "according to schedule." He stressed that developments were still in the paper stage. Nevada Gets Stamp Program Plan Extended to Four Other Arkansas Counties Tiie Department of Agriculture announced Tuesday that the Food Stamp Program for distributing agricultural commodities will be extended to Faulkner, Grant, White, Madison, and Nevada counties, Arkansas. Selection of the areas followed con fercnccs between representatives of the Surplus Marketing Administration of the Department of Agriculture and local public officials, welfare officials, business men and bankers who will be concerned with the opera- lion of the program. Tolal population of the five Arkcin- sas counties is 107,933. There are about 6.129 cases, representing 21,838 persons receiving public assistance in the area and eligible for the food stamp program. Under the plan of stamp distribution to be used in the areas, eligible families will be given the opportunity to buy orange colored stamps at rates approximating their regular food expenditures, and to receive free blue stamps for use in obtaining specially designated commodities to supplement their food supplies. By means of the stamp program ag- o^^iZlufal (/ inmodlUes aj-e moved through trade channels to families receiving public aid. This gives farmers a wider market for their crops und at ihe same time, adds needed food to the diets of public aid families. U. S. Defenders Win First Major Artillery Duel Superior Philippine Artillery Silences 11 Enemy Batteries WASHINGTON—(/P)—American and Philippine artillery batteries have proved definitely "superior" to Japanese, the War Department said Tues-: day, in announcing that columns of enemy tanks and other armored units and infantry had been shattered and discbursed in a 24-hour battle. Eleven Batteries Silenced . Eleven hostile batteries have been silenced in contlnous artillery duels, reports from General MacArthur's headquarters said and Japanese batteries have been forced to fall back from earlier positions. The War Department said American and Philippine batteries proved definitely superior and columns of enemy tanks, other armored units and ' large, heavy infantry forces had been "shattered and disbursed by delent- less shelling from defenders." Losses to American force as they staunchly defend the Batan Peninsula west of > Manila Bay, were called delatively light. Aircraft Less Active Japanese dive bombers supported' enemy artillery fire the command said "but there was no enemmy bombing attacks on fortifications at the southern- tip of Batan or Corregidor Island," guarding Manila Bay. Japs Claim Foothold TOKYO — (Official Broadcast Re-, corded by AP)—Japanese forces on Luzon Island in the Philippines have won control^Qf-.the- neck of •'Batarfs Peninsula ,arid American forces hemmed in to the south and now are making their last desperate stand, the newspaper Nichi Nichi said Tuesday in a dispatch from the front. Japanese artillery and planes are! heavily bombarding, American positions at the foot of Mt. Natib and along the cost and the road of gunfire is audible in Manila, more than 27 miles away across the bay, it was said. Large Ship Torpedoed Off Canadian Coast AN EAST COAST CANADIAN PORT—(/P)—A large steamship was lori>edoed and sunk by submarines about 160 miles'off the Nova Scotia coast within the last 36 hours and survivors here estimated that 94 lives had been lost. Eighty-nine lives were saved. Sinking was nearest to North American coast yet reported. Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS January March May July October December NEW YORK January March May July Cvtober December Middling spot 19.61. Close . 17.76 . 18.16 . 18.36 . 18.49 . 18.71 - 18.75 . 17,85 . 18.13 . 18.31 . 18.45 . 18.53 . 18.50 ,-} 2 Slightly Hurt in Auto Wreck Nine-Year-Old Youth Admits Entering Monts Store Herbert Yates of Washington and Ollie Robins of Hope sustained minor cuts and bruises early Tuesday morning when their automobiles collided on Highway 4 about a-half mile frpm the city limits. , Both automobiles were badly damaged. An automobile driven by Herman Morris was held on a charge of reckless driving. The automobile was considerably damaged. Police also announced the recovery of a tire and wheel stolen here on December 23 from Leroy Williams of near Prescott. The tire and wheel was recovered by police along with a bicycle stolen on December 31 from the home of Mrs. Roy Beck of Hope. Police also announced that a 9-year old youth had admitted to breaking into Monts Seed store here last week. The store reported a loss of $50. Police said the youth also admitted to breaking into the Young Chevrolet Co., several nights ago. The youth was released to the custody of his parents. Circuit Court to Convene Monday Te Hempstcad Circuit court will begin its first session of the new year next Monday Judge Dexter Bush of Texarkana presiding. The first day will probably be devoted to setting cases.
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