The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on July 9, 1963 · Page 1
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 1

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— 'Reconciliation' Confab Chinese Envoys Don't Show, Khrushchev Cordial to Spaak: Harriman Heads for USSR MOSCOW (AP) — Communist Chinese negotiators failed to show up at the Moscow-Peking reconciliation talks today after the Soviet Union fired new charges at Red China and warned of "dangerous consequences." The Interruption in the ideological talks between the two Communist giants came as Belgian Foreign Minister Paul - Henri Spaak, returning from a meeting with Premier Khrushchev, predicted Soviet relations with Hie West will improve. The Soviet Communist party central committee earlier today accused the Chinese of deliberately aggravating Soviet-Chinese relations at a time when the two countries are discussing ideological differences. In Lenin Hills At the mansion in the Lenin Hills section of Moscow where the talks have been held, Western correspondents noted the usual signs of pre-meeting activity today. But at II a.m., more than an hour after the talks usually begin, there was still no sign of the Chinese. Soviet officials began leaving, and then police said the Chinese would not be coming. The Chinese absence aroused speculation that they were awaiting Peking's reaction to the new Soviet attack. Some observers thought the Chinese might call an end to the sessions in retaliation. The Soviet blast came shortly after Khrushchev snubbed the Moscow meeting with the Chinese Test Ban Talks Will Open Monday in Soviet Capital WASHINGTON (AP) - Veteran diplomat W. Averell Harriman gels some last-minute instructions today from President Kennedy on the eve of his nuclear mission to Moscow. The top.level strategy session also will bring Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNninara and other officials to Hie White House in the afternoon. Harriman, undersecretary of stale for political affairs, will represent the United States at nuclear test ban talks opening in the Soviet capital on Monday. He leaves Wednesday, planning to stop over in London for a day's conference with Lord Hailsham, who will represent Britain. Since the three-nation talks were set up, Soviel Premier Khrushchev proposed linking the test ban problem to an East-West uonaggression pact. Although Harriman, a former ambassador to Moscow, can be expected to listen carefully to what the Russians have to say about a pact, he and Hailsham are in no position to negotiate an agreement between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Warsaw Pact nations, officials said. NATO has 15 members and however important the roles played by the United Slates and Britain, officials said they have no mandate from their partners to enter into meaningful negotiations on such an issue. Rocky, Barry in'64? COP in a Dilemma WASHINGTON (AP) - Influential Eastern Republicans appear to be making little progress toward picking a candidate to back in the 1964 GOP presidential nomination race. Reports that former President Dwight D. Eisenhower has turned thumbs down on both Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona and New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller indicate a split with the old pro who helped Ihe general become president—former Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York. I>ewey Is Committed Dewey, who proved in three coventions from 19-W through 15.32 Ural he knew how to get the nomination for himself or the man of his choice, has committed himself to Rockefeller as "the logical nominee." The two-time presidential candidate took this action shortly after Rockefeller's marriage to the former Margarella Murphy, and there has been no sign of any . withdrawal of this commitment. Sens. Jacob K. Javils, R-N.Y., and Kenneth B. Keating, R-N.Y., remain loyal to Rockefeller. Sen. Clifford P. Case, R-N..J, who used to get in a plug for the New York governor now and then, recently has confined himself to saying that Rockefeller's marriage hasn't helped him politically. Scranlnn of P,i. Sen. Hugh Scott, R-Pa., is boat- ing the drums for Gov. William W. Scranton of Pennsylvania as a favorite son. candidate. Scranton, who once thought Rockefeller would make a good nominee, now doesn't seem so sure. Scranton, Gov. George Romney of Michigan, Sen, Thruston B. Morton, R-Ky., and Gen. Lucius D. Clay reportedly drew mention from Eisenhower as men who ought not to be overlooked in the contest for the nomination. Morton, a former Republican national chairman and now head of the GOP senatorial campaign committee, is well acquainted with party members from all of the states. But he says he hasn't even "hit the approach" of the bridge he would have to cross to bid for the nomination. 'Eisenhower's Boy?' Morton denied on a taped radio program that the inclusion of his name on (he general's list made him "Eisenhower's boy." But he indicated he thinks Eisenhower is likely to have some influence in the choice of a nominee. "I'd say that whether he wants to be the leader or not, that Gen. Eisenhower today commands the reaped of more Republicans than any other man," Morion said. Morton said in response to questions he thinks that if Goldwater got the nomination "we'd have a good chance of winning the presidency." Reds, Anarchists, Pacifists Greet King Paul, Fredenka LONDON (AP) — Greek King Paul and Queen Frederika arrived today for a state visit plagued by Communists, anarchists, pacificsts and other agitators. Police beat back an attempted demonstration outside Buckingham Palace. Met at Victoria Station by Queen Elizabeth II, the royal party drove in state carriages to the palace. Britain's tightest peacetime security guard kepi the queen and her visitors from even seeing the demonstrators who tried to mar the welcoming procession. I'nlicc linlllc Pickets Police beat back youthful pick- els as the Greek king and queen entered Buckingham Palace to begin the four-day stale visit. "We aren't provoking violence," protested Kenneth Brown, 18, a student. 'We just want to picket the palace." The most determined effort to spoil the royal arrival was at the side of the palace. "About 50 of our people wanted lo stage a demonslralion outside Ihe palace," said Terry Chandler, 23, who described himself as chairman of a Save Greece Now Committee. "But the police roughed us up •nd wouldn't lei us," he said. The nearest thing lo an incident between the visiting royal couple and demonstrators came in a side street near Hie station. Screaming, "Release my husband, release him," Mrs, Belly Ambalielos, British-born wile ol an imprisoned Greek Communist was dragged away by the police. Released Afterward Mrs. Ambalielos, 45, was released after the royal procession passed. The demonstrators were far from giving up. "We aim to follow the king and queen e"erywhere they go. Every time they appear in public, wel'l be there," said a spokesman for Britain's militant Committee of 100, which charges Greece is holding %0 political prisoners and demantts their release. and conferred in Kiev with Spaak on easing cold war tensions. The Chinese militnntly oppose Khrushchev's peaceful coexistence policy, underlined by his meeting with Spaak. Soviel Denunciation The new Soviet parly statement denounced speeches at a rally in Peking Sunday in support of five Chinese expelled from ttie Soviet Union, They had distributed reprints in the Soviet Union of the Chinese Communist parly's long denunciation June 14 of Khrushchev's policies. The' Soviet statement said speakers at the rally tended to create "moods unfriendly to the Soviel people, to aggravale Ihe situation in the course of negotiations between the representatives of the Soviet Union and China. "The impression is created that a deliberate campaign is being carried on to aggravate seriously Ihe Soviet-Chinese relations, disregarding the dangerous consequences of this policy." Eager to Please The statement added that despite "such unfriendly actions," Ihe Russians will do everything possible "not to deepen the existing differences" with the Chinese, This clearly indicated that the Russians do not intend to suspend the talks with the Chinese in the Lenin Kills villa overlooking Moscow. No news leaked out of these talks between teams headed by Mikhail Suslov, lop Soviet ideological expert, and Teng Hsiao-ping, his Chinese counterpart. Western observers have been convinced since before the talks started that they would produce no significant agreement. Spaak refused to give details of his talks with Khrushchev in Kiev, 500 miles away. The Belgian statesman, a former secretary-general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, said "it was a very good talk." Returning to Moscow, he described the meeting as "warm and friendly." Friendly Conference Television films of the meeting showed Spaak and Khrushchev laughing and gesturing in the garden of the premier's villa. Tass, the Soviet news agency, said the meeting was "marked by an atmosphere of sincerity and mutual understanding. Khrushchev did not accompany Spaak to Moscow and there was no indication when he would return from Kiev. Although Spaak predicted an improvement in East-West relations, a Soviet commentator kept up the cold war dialogue. Speaking over Moscow radio, Valentin Zorin accused the United States of trying to spoil tlic atmosphere /or the U.S.-British-Soviet nuclear tesl ban talks opening in Moscow Monday. Gas Used In Yemen? BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) — A former American officer fighting in Yemen's civil war said today Yemeni villagers have died from gas symptoms after Egyptian attacks, but there is no proof lhal Egyptian forces are using actual poison gas. "Evidence shows the gas may have come from Napalm fire bombs which failed to explode," said a report reaching here from Bruce Abdurrahman Conde, a lieutenant colonel in the royalist army of Yemen's dethroned Imam (king). Condc's report said Soviet-made Ilyushin bombers of Ihe Egyptian air force attacked royalisl villages in Yemen and then dropped unidentified canisters into the rubble. Fumes from Ihe canisters killed some villagers. Others coughed blood and vomited for weeks, he said. Conde, a former U.S. Army and Air Force officer from California; is a Yemeni citizen, The report he sent here tallied with a London Daily Telegraph report charging the Egyplians with poison gas attacks. Both Conde and the Telegraph said the equipment used was supplied by the Soviet bloc. florth transcript North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120th YEAR • NO. 24 TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1963 14 PAGES • 8 CENTS Pres. Kennedy Suggests Judge Goldberg To Decide Issues Between Railways, Labor Today In Nation** Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In tti« news from Washington: ON THE RISE: A record national production rate this year of $383 billion seems in Hie offing, matching the most optimistic expectation of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Although official figures for the quarter just ended are not due until next week, experts said Monday it appears thai Ihe production rate for April through June was about $581-billion. While a showdown in the third quarter is expected, some government economists now expect the production rate to rise by perhaps another $12 billion by the final quarter of the year. If so, the annual rate in the October- December period might be upwards of $593 billion and actual output for this year could be around $383 billion. + * + RADIOACTIVE Canines: Project 54-1-2 lead to a dogfight in the House but when it was finished only President Kennedy's signature was needed to supply the Atomic Energy Commission's dogs with kennels. The fracas broke out on the floor Monday as a $216 million authorization bill for the AEC came up for a vote. Rep. Jack Westland, R-Wash., fired the opening salvo by proposing an amendment to eliminate $500,000 sought for the project— "Additional Animal Quarters, Lovelace Foundation, Albuquerque, N.M." Westland said the money would build kennels for 600 dogs for experiments in which the animals inhale radioactive material. He got help from Rep. H.R. Gross, R-Iowa, who said, "I don't understand why tiiey don't use cats, it costs less to house them." The AEC hopes the experiment.'; will tell scientists more about the effect of radioactive materials on humans. The House said go ahead, defeating Westland's amendment 46 to 20 and sending the bill to the President. * * * CHARGE STANDS: U.S. Dist. Judge William B. Jones has refused to dismiss an indictment, against Igor Cassini, New York society columnist charged with failing to register as a paid publicity agent for Rafael Trujilto, the late dictator of the Dominican Republic. Louis Nizer, Cassini's attorney, had asked Jones to dismiss the indictment on grounds Justice De- • partmcnt officials gave grand jury testimony to Peter Mans, a Saturday Evening Post editor, for an article published before the indictment. Final Toll: 556 Killed CHICAGO (AP) — The final count of the nation's traffic accidents during the long Independence Day weekend showed 55(5 persons killed, a record for the four-day holiday. The death toll, reported over a 102-hour period from fi p.m. Wednesday to midnight Sunday, topped the previous four-tiny Independence Day high of 50!) set in I%1. The National Safety'Coun- cil had estimated a death toll of 550 to 850. The holiday total compares with an average of 100 traffic fatalities per day during the first five months this year. It's Up to Both Sides to Accept: Move May Head Off Shutdown WASHINGTON IAP) — President Kennedy proposed that Supreme Court Justice Arthur J. Goldberg be empowered to decide all issues in the dispute between the railroad* and the operating unions over work rules. ON MARCH DESPITE INJURY — Allison Turaj, 25, left, of Washington, D. C., continues her antisegregation march through Gwynn Oak Amusement Park in Baltimore, Md., despite cut over her right eye that required 10 stitchet to close. She was struck by rock thrown by someone in mob of angry whites. More than 100 white and Negro integrationists were arrested. (AP Wirephofo) J. E. Wolfe, chief negotiator for the railroads, told newsmen of Kennedy's proposal at the conclusion of a White House parley of both sides in the dispute. He said that if both sides accept, the work rules will not be put into effect until Goldberg has made his binding report. Wolfe said the report would be made before the Supreme Court convenes for its 1063-G 1 ! term in October. into effect until Goldberg has made Perhaps This Summer Wolfe said he thinks the date would be prior to Sept. 30, He said both sides to the dispute have until 10 a.m. Wednesday to "carefully consider the proposal." He said the carriers will give the President's proposal the "most profound consideration," "More than anyone we are interested in a peaceful conclusion to this dispute which could un- On Racial War Fronts: Cain in Md., Riot in NYC Baltimore (AP)—Leaders of the integration movement in Maryland called off today a demonstration planned for late afternoon at Gwynn Oak amusement park. Clergymen and leaders of the Congress of Racial Equality decided to postpone Ihe march on the privately owned, segregated park "as an action of good faith." They announced the postponement at a meeting called after the Baltimore County Council had voted unanimously Monday night to establish a human relations council. Spiro T. Agnew, Baltimore County executive, was notified of the posponement. Meeting with the CORE leaders were members of the interdenominational Ministerial Alliance, an organization of Negro clergymen. A Presbyterian minister had been scheduled to lead the march on the amusement park on Baltimore's northwestern outskirts, where some 380 persons were arrested in two previous massive demonstrations. In Cambridge, about 8,3 miles southeast and across Chesapeake Bay, Negro leaders sought to rally support for another march to protest segregation in restaurants and other public accommodations. About 125 Negroes and whites participated in such a demonstration there Monday night after the noontime withdrawal of National Guard units which had kept peace in the racially tense community since June 14. Unlike the gunfire and store- burnings which marked similar marches in Cambridge before the arrival of guardsmen, there was no violence Monday night. Outbreak at An All-White Diner NEW YORK (AP) — While youths, described by police as drag-racing faas from throughout the city, sparked a third outbreak of violence Monday night al a Bronx diner being picketed by civil rights demonstrators. Although roped off from the intersection occupied by the White Castle restaurant, more than 1,000 jeering youllis stoned cars occupied by Negroes passing through the neighborhood. Pickets Are Protected Police barricades and members of the special Tactical Patrol Force, assigned to handle civil disturbances, protected the pick- els, members of the Congress of Racial Equality. The TPF .is made up of picked policemen. The 20 while and Negro pickets sang "We Will Overcome," an inlegralionist authem, as they demonstrated for more jobs for Negroes in the White Castle chain. White patrons inside retorted by singing "Dixie." About 200 policemen, using nightsticks as prods, cleared away rowdy spectators. 'White youths—many of them uniformed in light trousers, T-shirts and white handkerchief headbands —threw rocks and vegetables at Negroes' cars. Negro Is Arrester] Police charged a Negro private detective, Wilbcrt Johnson, 57, with unlawfully firing a pistol. He said he shot over the heads of white youths who had stoned him when lie stepped from his car. Johnson has a pistol permit. Other demonstrators showed up at City Hall today to dramatize demands for equal employment opportunities. Mayor Robert F. Wagner avoided them by entering through a basement door. The demonstrators, seven members of the Congress of Racial Equality, blocked n gate to Wagner's office by silling down and holding aloft signs, one of which read: "We are waiting for equality in (he building trades." City workers stepped over or around the sitters to get to their jobs. ....Meanwhile, In Washington WASHINGTON (AP) —Congressional hearings on the administration's civil rights program proceed on three fronts today, while at the While House President Kennedy appeals to women's organizations for help in easing racial tensions. The Senate Commerce Committee called the Justice Department's civil rights chief, Asst, Ally. Gen. Burke Marshall, for further questioning about a bill to ban racial discrimination serving the public. Marshall, in his ojicniug testimony Monday, said if the bill were passed "there would not be any significant establishments that wouldn't be covered." Two House Labor and education subcommittees went ahead with hearings on other aspects of the President's program. Secretary of Welfare Anthony J. Cclcbrczzc was lo appear before one of them to urge an expanded manpower retraining program designed to help more Negroes acquire job skills. Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, D- N.Y,. a Negro, was to testify on legislation lo give government agencies discrclionary authority 10 deny federal aid funds for programs in which racial discrimination occurs. The Senate committee, in conducting hearings on the public accommodations part of the civil rights legislation, has heard only adminislralin spokesmen so far. 11 is to hear another Wednesday, when Secretary of Stale Dean Rusk testifies. Why Integration Fight Pivots On Schools EDITOR'S NOTE-Why do Negro integration leaders attach major importance to school desegregation? And how firmly are they pressing for it? Here's ,a report on the public school desegregation program adopted at the recent NAACP convention in Chicago. By RUSSELL LANE CHICAGO (AP)-A stepped-up drive for greater racial integration in public schools—North and South—Is being prepared by Negro groups in cities throughout the country, The blueprint was adopted at Ihe convention of Ihe National Association for Hie Advancement of Colored People in Chicago last week. Roy Wilkins, NAACP executive secretary, told the meeting that such a drive is being pressed in 70 cities in 15 Northern states. Outlook in South In the South, other phases of the broad desegregation movement are more pre.ssin? and immediately productive as a rule, delegates were told. Branches and stale conferences of the NAACP were urger 1 to "mount > vigorous effort accelerating the pace of »chool desegregation everywhere." WilVJns said that historic steps to climinnle racial Imbalance and segregation have been taken in New York, New Jersey and Cali- fornia, arid court victories ore being won, district by district, in other states. But, he said, "until our demand for more sweeping effort by government is met, our children will be cheated of their futures." Why is it Important from the Negro viewpoint? Dr. Annabelle Carey Prescolt, a veteran Negro teacher, principal and humans relations director in Chicago's public school system, says, "encapsulated schooling of youngsters l« not » sound preparation for life. We must come, and quickly, to a situation in which nit young people can meet and learn to associate in lheh- formative years." Educationally Harmful In its program adopted at Chicago, the NAACP said that segregated schools "arc psychologically and educationally harmful to all children, Negro and white." The convention directed local chapters to continue picketing, boycotts, sit-ins, and other peaceful mass demonstrations "if state directives for desegregation are not quickly implemented on a lo. cal level." A coordinated drive ckxsely rc- llrted lo school desegregation was aimed »l integration of housing. "De facto segregation in public education can no longer be accepted or excused as the inevitable result of segregated housing," the resolution said. The objectives were spelled out thus: —To change (hose practices contributing significantly to de facto segregation and all other discriminatory education practices. Plan in Princeton —To urge adoption of rezoning, Including steps on the lines of the Princeton plnu in which assignment of pupils is made by grades to schools combined in a single attendance area, reorganizing the use of seltools, changing feeder plans of elementary lo secondary schools, and other effective desegregation plans. —To support open enrollment except where other plans can b* used to achieve greater desegregation. —To locale new schools on sites offering maximum desegregation and to insure lhal other school expansion plans provide dcsegrc- galion. —To oppose mobile or portable units.which extend segregation, —To oppose and change the neighborhood school policy whenever it-s misuse result's in segregated schools. —To urge assignment of children from overcrowded lo underutilized schools; the Princeton plan for large groups of schools in adjacent segregated, Integrated nnd white areas, and location of new secondary schools outside segregated areas. doubledly turn into a national catastrophe," Wolfe said. Goldberg, a former labor lawyer, was appointed to the Supreme Court after serving as Secretary of Labor in Kennedy's Cabinet. Taking parl in Ihe While House session were top "officials of the railroad industry aud the five operating unions who threaten an immediate slrike if the lines put in their manpower-cutting work rules at 12:01 a.m. Thursday as planned." Earlier Conference Kennedy conferred earlier today with Democratic congressional leaders. After the breakfast meeting, House Speaker John McCormack, D-Mass., said the railway dispute was discussed only generally. "Nothing was gone into in detail because the President will meet with representatives of management and the unions," McCormack told newsmen. The four-year dispute over new work rules bounced back into the President's lap Monday when Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz made a final report on the futile attempls of his department to bring about a settlement despite day and night efforts. Kennedy on June 15 set a July 10 deadline for company and union representatives to resolve their differences. Terming a strike and its effect on Ihe nation's economy "intolerable," Kennedy has said he would seek legislative action if needed to prevent a rail tie-up. $600 Million Yearly The railroads claim that jobi they describe as unnecessary are costing $500 million a year. The unions claim the work force is efficient and should be maintained at its present number for safe operation of the (rains. In the event of a slrike, the unions have offered to continue working on passenger and commuter trains under the old work rules and to move troops, military supplies "or food for the public welfare lo prevent public distress" if the need is certified by the President. They said their wages under such circumstances would go lo a charitable organization. James J. Reynolds, Assislant Secretary of Labor and the government's key mediator in the dispute, said today's meeting was called lo impress on the group "the seriousness ol the situation and lo get from them one last expression before any legislative action is taken." Reynolds and Wirtz also were invited to Ihe meeling in the President's office. Two Mnin Questions As the leaders were summoned to the session, two large questions loomed: 1. If legislation is sought, for what will (he administration ask? 2. Can action be taken in lime —legislative or otherwise —to avert a strike? On (he firsl question, no one in an official capacity would venture an opinion—Wirtz, Reynolds, or Pierre Salinger, the President's press secretary, One informed congressional source, however, asserted that if any legislation is sought it would be designed lo deal solely with the railroad crisis. Simulation in general continued to center on the possibility of compulsory arbitration, sei/ure of railroads, or some combination of the Iwo. On (he question of whether « slrike can be averted al this late dale, prospects, legislatively at least, were not bright. The most hopeful note on this score came from Sen. Mike Mon- roncy, D-Okla., who said Capitol Hill "can move pretty darn fast" to meet an emergency. However, even he conceded it' would take the Senate about a week lo complete hearings on any railroad legislation. Secretary of the Treasury Douglas Dillon said a railroad strike lasting 30 lo 6fl days would b« "most serious" because it would hamper exports more than imports. Future business could b* lost also, he said, if overseas customers became accustomed U> buying elsewhere. The Weather Clear lonljjM. Low near 4«. Sunny, warmer tomorrow. High near 74.

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