Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois on June 14, 1951 · Page 1
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Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois · Page 1

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Thursday, June 14, 1951
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TEUfPERATIIRE Airport noon temperature--92. Wednesday—high, 79; low, 59 Last night's low—58 MT. VERNON REGISTER-NEWS MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OF CIRCULATIONS A SQUARE DEAL FOR ALL — SPECIAL FAVORS FOR NONE A NON-PARTISAN PAPER ^-.mm SOUTHERN ILUNOISi foir tonight. Frkia^ cloudy with scotter«d ft -, showers. Not much ch <»9 »j!» temperotur*. Low tonlflht Jli to 62. High Fridoy «0 «o»^* VOLUME XXXI —NO. 218 MOUNT VERNON, ILLINOIS —THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1951 25e PER WEEK BY CARRIER LEGISLATURE PASSES BROYLES OVERRULED JOHNSON ON FORMOSA Stat* Department Barred Sending U. S. Mission to Chiang, Former Defense Secretary Discloses. FORMOSA SAVED ON PLEA BY MAC Johnson Had No Hint of War on Visit to Japan; Acheson Proposed Korean Intervention. By Assecialed Press WASHINGTON, June 14—Louis Johnson, former secretary of defense, testified today he wanted to send a U.S. military mission to Formosa in December, 1949, but President Truman over-ruled him because of "political" protests from the state department. Testifying at the Senate's MacArthur inquiry, Johnson said it was only after the fighting began in Korea that the state department shifted its position and "no longer opposed doing thing to keep Formosa from falling into unfriendly hands." Formosa is the big island oft the China coast where Chiang Kai- shek's Chinese Nationalists took refuge when driven from the mainland by the Communists. Mac Plea lor Formosa Johnson, who left the Truman cabinet last September said the decision to send the Seventh Fleet to guard Formosa—after the outbreak of the Korean war—w a s taken after the President and others listened lo a "brilliant" memo on the subject by MacArthur. Johnson also gave the senators their first intimate story of the (op-level conferences here at the time the Korean war broke out. Acheson Proposed War He said the decision to intervene militarily in Korea was made at a White House meeting on motion 3f Acheson. Leading up to this, he said the American troops in the Far East were not ready for a fight when the war came, and that he had received no infoi'mation of possible trouble in Korea when.visit­ ing MacArthur's Tokyo headquarters only days before the North Koreans launched their invasion of South Korea. The first U.S. action was to direct that American sea and air power go to the aid of the South Koreans. Johnson related that this decision was taken at a June 26, 1950, White House meeting on motion of Acheson. Put Mac In Conunand He said he himself announced at a June 27 White House meeting that unless there were presidential objections, he was placing MacArthur in conunand in Korea. It was not until then, Johnson said that MacArthur was notified of his command. Three days later, Johnson continued, MacArthur told him and the joint chiefs of staff in a message that "all would be abortive, that nothing would be accomplish- unless ground troops were used" in Korea. Within 24 hours after MacArthur's recommendations were received, Johnson said the decision was made to use American divisions in Japan. Taft Opposes Appeasement Oufside the hearing room, Senator Taft (R.-Ohio), who has been critical of Korean policy, said he believes even a military stalemate there .would be better than a peace opening the way for Rod China to claim Formosa and a Uniied Nations seat, Taft told a reporter he opposes withdrawing U.S. troops from Korea as suggested by Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, who completed his testimony yesterday At the same time, Taft said he wants no peace at the 38th parallel which iviil allow the Communists to bring before the U.N. their claims for a seat there and for the Chinese Nationalist island of Foiniosa. REDS ENSLAVE JAPS By Associated Press TOKYO, June 14. — The government todcy charged that 1,200 Japanese prisoners ox war, promised repatriation last year, have been forced into slave labor in a Manchurian coal mine. The Japanese fell prisoners to the Russians at the end of World War ir. TORNADO IN RICHMOND, VA. RICHMOND, Va., June 14—These homes on South Lombardy Street in Richmond were among many residences damaged as a tornado ripped across the city Wednesday afternoon. Power lines were down in some sections, and automatic traffic signals were out after the twister cut its snaky path through the city. —(AP Wirephoto—Special to The Register-News) APPEASEMENT CHARGE MADE BY MACARTHUR J— General Draws Record Welcome Parade Crowd in Houston. Bv Associattd Press HOUSTON, Tex., June 14.—Gen. Dounglas MacArthur brought his anti-administration stand to Texas largest city today after drawing a record crowd at a Houston welcome parade. His speech tonight.(8 p.m. CST) in a 70,000 seat football stadium will give the deposed Far Eastern commander an opportunity to develop these arguments he voiced on arriving in "rexas yesterday: 1.—U. S. policy makers are guilty of appeasement in Korea—appeasement that could lead to war with Russia. 2.—The administration is guilty of "moral weakness" in talking of a peace settlement. The biggest crowd ever seen in Houston turned out—but cheered only with marked restraint—to see MacArthur's arrival parade late yesterday. • Mayor Oscar Holcomfae estimated the crowd at around 440,000, almost double the previous record 250,000 drawn by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936. Other estimates ran considerably lower. Charges Appeasement MacArthur made his appeasement accusation from the steps of the state capitol in Austin. About 20,000 Texans listened as the 71- year-old General declared America's first line of defense is on the Yalu river at the Manchurian border and not the Elbe river in Europe. "The policies of appeasement on which we are now embarked carry within themselves the very incitation to a war against us," he said. "If the Soviet does strike, it will he because of the weakness we now display rather than the strength we of right should display." He blamed "the moral weakness of the free world"—not Soviet military strength—for Russian advances. "It is a weakness which has caused many free nations to succumb to and embrace the false tenets of Communist propaganda It is a weakness which has caused our own policy makers, after committing America's sons to battle, to leave them to the continuous slaughter of an indecisive campaign by imposing arbitrary restraints upon the support we might otherwise provide them through maximum employment of our scientific superiority, which alone offers hopes of an early victory. "It is a weakness which now causes those in authority to strongly hint at a settlement of the Korean conflict under conditions short of the objectives our soldiers were led to believe were theirs to attain and for which so many yielded their lives." Crowd Is Orderly The crowd which stood three War Casualties Go Over 70,000 By Associated Press *A/ASHINGTON, June 14— " Announced U.S. casualties in Korea reached 70,317 today, an increase of 1,965 since last week. A Defense Department summary based on notifications to families through June 8 reported 10,432 killed, 48,133 wounded and 11,752 missing in action. The wounded total included 1,231 who have since died, and 104 of the missing are known dead, raising the combat death toll to 11,767. Of the missing, 1,284 have since returned to U.S. control and 153 are prisoners of war, leaving 10,211 cui'rently missing. (Continued on Pw Two) II II Emphatically No, Says MacArthur By Associated Press AUSTIN. Tex., June 14,—"Em- >hatically no," was General Dougas MacArthur's answer when asked if he would run for President. 'Would you run for President?" war hero was queried by a Dallas News staffer yesterday. "No," MacArthur said. The reporter was not sure he heard right, so he asked the general to repeat his answer to the question. "The answer was emphatically no," MacArthur said. TRUMAN TAKES CONTROL FIGHT TO TIK PUBLIC Goes on Air Tonight to Urge Consumer Crusode on Congress. By Associated Press WASHINGTON, June 14 — President Truman carries his fight for stricter inflation control powers to the nation tonight amid growing demands from business that curbs be scrapped or lightened. Administration officials said Mr. Truman's address from the White House (8:30 p. m. CST) will call for a consumers' crusade on Congress. Mr. Truman's speech will be broadcast by both radio and television. The defense production act containing most control powers expires June 30 and the administration is asking for a two-year extension with broader control authority. But business led by the beef packers stuck to their guns for lesser federal limitations. Major industry organizations, like The National Association of Manufacturers and U. S. Chamber of Com- mei'ce, contend that removal of price-wage curbs would increase production. The Ford Motor Co., while asking Congress to extend controls suggested a number of changes, such as guaranteeing higher price celings as labor and materials costs increase. But Economic Stabilizer Eric Johnston claimed last night the Ford ideas would "destroy" stablization. Vote On Extension The Senate Banking Committee scheduled a vote today on a straight one-year extension of the present defense act — without broader control powers asked by Mr. Truman. A number of Senators became impatient last night with beef industry spokesmen at a hearing of a Senate-House defense production "watchdog" committee. The meat packers contended recent live- stick rollbacks would curtail beef production and lead to black marketing and rationing. Chairman Maybank fD-S. C), along with Sonator.s Robertson (D- Va.), Ives (R-N. Y.) and Moody (D-Mich.), said that as a practical matter Congress could not exempt the meat industry without "opening the doors" for other broad exemptions from controls. "That would mean we'd wind up without any controls at all," Ives said. "The question therefore is, would you rather have ho controls at all or would you prefer controls on meat? It amounts to that." James Olson, vice president in (Continued on Pag* Two) DESTROYER HITS MINE; 26 KILLED Seven Other Soilors Injured in Underwofer Explosion Off Koreo Tues- doy. Ship Makes Port. By Ais«ci«ti4 Proii WASHINGTON, June 14.— The Nay reported today an under* water explosion damaged the Destroyer Walke; killed 26 men and injured seven others off the east coast of Korea Tuesday. The Navy said the blast was "presumably caused by a floating mine." The destroyer suffered damage to her hull but was able to proceed under her own power to a Japanese port. Other American warships stood by as the Walke limped into the port. The explosion occurred at 7:43 a. m. Korean time, on Tuesday. No further details were given. Losses aboard the Walke raised total casualties on warships mined or shelled in the Korean war to 40 dead, 115 wounder and 36 missing. Five other vessels hsave been sunk or damaged and two hit by enemy gunfire from the shore. The 2,200-ton Walke is the second destroyer of that name. The first was sunk in 1942 off Guadalcanal. The present Walkp, built at Bath, Me., and commissioned in 1944, is a veteran of both the Atlantic and the Pacific during World War Two. Her skipper is Commander Marshall F. Thompson, 1841 Lyndon Road, San Diego, Calif. The Walke left San Diego last January 2 for Korean waters. ATOMIC EXPLOSION General view of the 1951 atom bomb test at Eniwetok, showing an early phase of the nuclear blast during the Spring experiments. This photo was released June 13 in Washington by the Atomic Energy CDmmission. —(Atomic Energy Commission Photo vie AP Wirephoto) Iniernationcrl Is Selling Shoes Below Ceiling By Aisociated Press ST. LOUIS, June 14.— At least one manufacturing executive isjj't going to pay any attention to the recent ceiling price order issued by the government. He's going to continue selling his product below the top price. Edgar E. Rand, president of the International Shoe Company here, said his firm made a price rollback averaging almost seven per cent prior to the Office of Price Stabilizatoin order. The company's rollback returned prices to the Dec. 9, 1950 level and now almost all of the firm's prices are lower than ceiling listings. Rand does not belive International's policy is unique, however. At a meeting of the company's progress club last night he said "the industry will have an ample supply of raw materials for normal production. Shoe prices will likely hold firm at their present level." Miners Killed in Two Rock Falls By Aisociated Press ROYALTON, '111.. June 14.—A five foot wide rock fell on Ronald S. Knox in a coal mine and killed him yesterday. Knox, 28, was an electrician in the Franklin County Coal Corporation's No. 15 Royalton mine. Surviving are his wfie and a small son at Royalton. By Associated Press WEST FRANKFORT, 111.. June 14.—A 63-year-old mine timber- man, Phillip Trapani, died today an hour after being caught under a fall of rock. It occurred in Old Ben Coal Corporation's No. 15 mine. Trapani lived at Johnston City. HELP FOR TITO By Associated Press LONDON, June 14.— The United States, Britain and France announced today agreement on a plan to grant aid to Yugoslavia. One source estimated this would amount to between $100,000,000 and $220,000,000 by the middle of next year. ATOMIC TESTS AT ENIWETOK BIG^UCCESS Weapons improved so Rapidly More Frequent Tests Planned. By Associated Press WASHINGTON,' June 14. American scientists are improving atomic weapons so rapidly it will be necessary to increase the number and frequency of full- scale field tests like the series recently held at Eniwetok. This word came out of a news conference yesterday by civilian and military scientists of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Defense Department. The conference was called to tell the public something of what was done at Eniwetok experiments in April and May. Former AEC Chairman David E. Lilenthal, in a broadcast from New York, later said he was "shocked" at what he called "the helpful tipoffs" given the Russians in the report. He said he referred particularly to disclosure of "our priority on weapons." Talking about the Eniwetok teits in general, Lt. Gen. Elwood R. Quesada, commander of the joint task force which conducted them, said they were "successful in every respect." Exploded l^'rom Towers The AEC-military experts disclosed that: 1. All the weapons were exploded from towers, not dropped from planes. ' 2. The effect of an atomic e.xplosion on jet planes, both a B-47 bomber and F-80 type fighter,s was obtained for the first time when the aircraft were flown within reach of the blast and heat of a bomb. 3. To provide the material from which architects and the Civilian Defense Organization can shape future plans, replicas of bomb shelters above and below ground, of factories and of homes were subjected to A-bomb bursts. 4. To find out more about treating human victims, animals were exposed to various phases of explosions., 5. There is" a discussion among officials about whether civilian defense workers and perhaps the public in general shouldn't be told something about the power of new model bombs. 6. Joint task force 3 and the regular population of scientists and soldiers who live at Eniwetok together numbered about 9,000. 'Operation Greenhouse' will remain highly classified (secret) ; others will be declassified as further study indicates that benefits will accrue from such declassification." ALLIED TANKS ROAM FALLEN IRON TRIANGLE Reds Abandon Former Supply Center But Leave Small Croups Behind to Harass Advancing Allies. Tank Force Sweeps Beyond Shattered Pyonggang, PLAN OBSERVANCE AT GRAVE OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR SOLDIER A special program at the grave, of a Revolutionary War soldier will be one of the features of July 4 observances in Jefferson county this year. At a meeting last night, committees of Joel Pace Chapter, D.A.R. and American Legion Post 141 decided to hold a patriotic observance at thb grave of Joel Pace, in Pace cemetery south of Mt. Vernon. The local D.A.R. chapter is named for Mr. Pace, one of Jefferson county's early settlers and a soldier in the Revolutionary War. The committee emphasized today that the appropriate observ­ ance is open to the general public. Pace cemetery is located just east of Bethel Memorial cemetery. The ceremony, including Salute (o the Dead and Taps, will be held at 10:,30 a. m. on July 4. Committees will announce the complete program in the near future. The committee working out details for the program consists of Roy Britton, American Legion commander; Carl Drennan, Legion service officer and chaplain; Mrs, L. H. Drennan, regent of Joel Pace Chapter, D.A.R.; Miss Lettie Bristol, D.AR.. chapter secretary; and Mrs. E. P. Hugill, D.A.R. past regent. By Associated/Press TOKYp, Friday, June IS.—Al- Jied'taMlt Columns roamed at will over the'Reds' shatfei ^Tiron tri- agle in Korea Thursday, but small groups of Chinese bitterly opposed infantry attempt^ to mop up the area. A late field dispatch said that although the Reds had apparently abandoned serious efforts to de-' fend their former supply center, small forces up to company strength (150 or so each) remained behind to harras the advancing Allies. Despite small local setbacks, however, the Allies were able to push ahead in that central sector. Farther east the Communists turned and fought. United Nations patrols probed through intense artillery fire to outposts of the new Red defense line north of Yanggu and Inje on the east central front. In some sectors the Allies were kept busy Thursday beating off a series of North Korean counterattacks. The U. S. Eighth Army reported only one advance of as much as a mile. The picture along the east was in marked contrast to the situation in the west. Giant tanks, literally covered with riflemen, rumbled the length of the triangle Wednesday to Pyongyang. They were almost unopposed. 100 Tanks in Group The two big columns of more than 100 tanks returned at night after sweeping beyond the bomb shattered city. Tank forces and infantrymen again made "little or no contact" with the Chinese in the triangle area Thursday, the Eighth Army reported. However, the Fifth Air Force said " a large concentration of enemy troops" poured heavy fire into U. N- troops in the Pyonggang sector. Jet pilots roared in with fire bombs and blasting machine- guns. The Air Force said they "silenced the enemy." U. N. patrols roamed four miles ahead of lines along the western front without finding any sizable Chinese force, AP Correspondent Stan Carter reported. North Koreans faded before most patrols in the Yanggu-Inje sector, AP Correspondent George A, McArthur reported. But they dug in and fought vigorously to defend key terrain. His censored dispatch reported patrols were probing into Red territory against outposts of the Communists' new defense line. Despite heavy losses and wholesale withdrawals reports from the triangle area eastward, McArthur Propose $6 Rote For TB Patients By Associated Press S PRINGFIELD, III, June 14— A bill to allow the State Tuberculosis Sanitorium at Mt. Vernon to charge a $6 daily rate instead of the present $10 was introduced today in the Illinois Senate. Senator Paul Broyles (Mt. Vernon), who sponsored he measure, said persons in his county are going to other counties for treatment because they can get a .$6 rate. BILL OUTLAWING OF REDS UP TO GOVERNOR Meoturc to Confrol Communism in lllinoit Stnt to Sttventon on HouM Vote of 87-42. GOVERNOR HAS NOT INDICATED STAND Low Sponsored by Mt. Vernon Senotor Requires Loyolty Ooths by Public Officiols, Employes. (Centlnuad on Paga Two) Aspirin for Price Battle Headaches By Associated Press NEW YORK. June 14.—Gimbel's is out to eive Macy's a headache n New York 's price war by advert/sing 100-tablet bottles of Bayer aspirin for eight cents. The fixed price was 59 cents. Macy's had been selling them at 10 cents. Gimbel 's said in a newsf>aper advertisement, apparently directed at Macy's: "Take another aspirin, deary, you 've got a headache on your hands . . . nolrody beats Gimbel's prices." . TWO CONVICTED IN TRENTON SIX MURDER CASE Four Others Acquitted of Killing Elderly Shopkeeper in 1948. » By Associated Press TRENTON, N. J., June 14.—A Mercer county court jury today found four members of the Trenton Six innocent and two guilty of the 1948 murder of an elderly shopkeeper. The jury of si.x men and six women recommended mercy for the two defendants found guilty. This means life imprisonment. The jury found Ralph Cooper, 26, and Collis English, also 26, guilty of first degree murder with a recommendation of life imprisonment at hai'd labor. They found McKinley Forrest, 38; John McKenzie, 28; Horace Wilson, 39, and James Thorpe, 27, innocent. The jury, appearing worn and haggard, returned to the courtroom after nearly 20 hours of deliberation. Shortly before the jurors filed into the court, a detail of Trenton police were stationed throughout the courthouse as a guard against possible disorder. The jurors received the much- publicized case at 10:46 a. m. (CST) yesterday and they deliberated continuously. Their Third Trial This was the third trial of the six Negroes and the longest in New Jersey history. It dragged through nearly 15 weeks and 11,000 pages of testimony. The defense and prosecution called 143 witnesses and introduced 126 e.xhibits. The six defendants claimed they were working on nearby farms or at home when 72-year- old William Horner, a secondhand furniture dealer, was beaten to death during a robbery on Jan. 27, 1948. They were convicted at their first trial but because of legal errors, the New Jersey State Supreme Court ordered a second trial. It began last February but ended before any testimony could be taken when prosecutor Volpe underwent an emergency appdec- tomy. By ROGER LANE Ap Staff Writer SPRINGFIELD, 111.. June 14 Legislation seeking to outlaw Communism in Illinois headed today for Governor Stevenson's desk. If he signs it, persons convicted of a broad range of subversive acts could be imprisoned up to 20 years and fined as much as $20,000. :> i The so-called Broyles-Young bill cleared the General Assembly last night on an 87 to 42 vote by the House. The Senate passed it Mayl by a vote of 34 to 15. The Governor has not indicated his stand on the bill. Modeled after Maryland's Ober law, the measure was strongly backed by the American Legion." The body of the bill does not specifically mention Communism, but references in the preamble to the "World Communist movement" and the Communist party, njake its objectives plain. It defines as a felony — a penitentiary offense — any act "intended to_QyeTthnw ^,^^fyx >y^ or-to assist in ihe dverwraw" of the state or federal government by force or other unlawful means. Attempt such an act or aid in the commission of one. also is declared a felony. So is advocating or teaching the commission of such acts and destroying records or hiding funds of subversive organizations. Violations of these provisions would make a per.son liable to the maximum penalties. Felony To Join Reds The bill fixes punishment up to five years in prison and $5,000 fine for joining or remaining a member of an organization known to be subversive after Jan. 1. 1952. This, too, would be h felony. Subversive groups, persons and foreign subversive organization^ are defined in the legislation. The bill provides for dissolution by the courts of organizations found to be subversive. Requires Loyalty Oaths Loyalty statements would be required of all public employes. Public agencies would be obliged to establish procedures for determining if any employes or job applicants are subversive and should be barred from positions. Candidates for public office would have to execute loyalty affidavits, except those who now must take a 'constitutional oath to support the government. Enforcement would be vested chiefly in a Special Assistant Attorney General. His main du^ would be supplying State's Attorneys with inforination and evidence for prosecuting suspected suover- sive persons. The legislation was sponsored by Seators Paul Broyles (R-Mt. Vernon) and Robert J. Young CD- Hurst). Broyles led a 1949 legislative investigation of subversive activtites in the state. Spearheading the push for House approval were Reps. John P. Meyer (R-Danville) and Clydil L, Choate (D-Anna), a Congres* ional Medal' of Honor winner it World War Two. , In debate lasting two hours, Meyer said the \nti-Conununist bill was needed to, "combat these vermin." Walker Favors BUI Answering arguments of oppcv> nents, Rep. F. H. Walker (R-Mt: Vernon) said "loyal Americans need have no fear" of the measure. Rep. Robert E. Romano (D-Chicago) called the bill "vicious" and said it would infringe on "free thought and liberty." :-, "Everyone would be presumed to be disloyal and loyalty would have to be proved — an insult to the citizenry," Rconano asserted. , All three representatives from the Mt. Vernon district voted in favor of the Broyles bill. They were Reps. Claude Travers and Frank Walker, Republicans and Oyde Lee, Democrat. New Airplane Con Sweep Back Wings NARGARA FALLS, N 14.—The Bell X-SrrA«t In the world that cpwjn its wings in flight—wBl soon by the air tott^* The tests wiU be wards Air Fore* Calif., the Air day. No date WW,^ plTne U •irttOjr *f

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