Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 14, 1936 · Page 40
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 40

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, December 14, 1936
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MASON ClTY-QtOli-SAZfTTt, DEClMitR 14 B| 1»36 MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE AN A. W. LEE NKWSPAPE* luucd Every Week D«y b.v the MASON CITY GLOBS-GAZETTE COMPANY 131-113 Eut SUte Street , Telephone No. .1800 LEE P. LOOMIS ----- Publisher W EARL HALL - - - - Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - - City Editor LLOYD L, GEER - - Advertising Manager Entered ix iecond-d«s» ro«lter April 11, 1830. at the post- nfficc at Mason City, loxva. undei the act of March 3, 1879. MEMBER, ASSOCIATED PRESS which is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to U or not otherwiie credited in this paper, and all loci) acws. MEMBER, IOWA DAILY PRESS ASSOCIATION, with Des MoinM ncwi and bui:ne:> ofticcs at 405 Shops Building. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Muson City and Clear Lake, S .11 Mason City and Clear Lake. by the year ........... $7.00 by the wccl: OUTSIDE MASON CITY AND CLEAR LAKE Per year by carrier ____ 57.00 By mail fi monihi ..... S2.2S Per week by carrier ... S .15 By mail 3 months ---- $1.25 Per year by mail ..... S4.00 By mail 1 month ..... $ .50 OUTSIDE 100 MILE ZONE Per year.... $6.00 Sbt month. .. ,«.23 Three Tnonlhs, .. SU5 FOREIGN AFFAIRS By MARK BYKRS the Queen Mother F ROM the start of the rumpus which, climaxed in the abdication of King Edward VIII our sympathies have been directed pretty largely to the queen-mother and to the English tradesmen and shop-keepers who have been threatened with tragic consequence by the cloud cast over coronation plans. It was therefore a genuine relief to us Saturday "to learn that the crowning of the new king will be on the date set for Edward's acquisition of the crown. So we're left with only Queen Mary to worry about. For months the lord great chamberlain and the crown court of claims have been laboriously ar- ranging for the festival which counts for more in 'the life of a Briton than an American can possibly understand. Ship lines have been booked to capacity for the weeks prior to and after coronation in London. Souvenir makers have been turning out gadgets by the hundreds of thousands to commemorate the crowning of Edward VIII. Seats, boxes, and windows along the line of march to Westminster Abbey have been hawked at top prices. London street plaques and decorations for coronation week, depicting the king's head in solitary bas-relief have been ordered in great quantities. Souvenir silver, statues, stamps, commemorative coins, and books have been manufactured t>y the millions in preparation lor this event. Magazines went to press with glorified accounts of the king's coronation to appear weeks later. Dress shops ordered rich stocks of gowns with long trains specially designed for a coronation—and not very serviceable for anything else. English hotels have been booked beyond capacity for the history-making event. Single seats along the procession route were picked up by profiteers at huge prices and sold for as much as 20 guineas— and up. London hotel rooms "with a view" were reported at a top of $650 a day—with few lucky enough to get them. While the coronation was scheduled to coal me English taxpayers only one million dollars-Xar less than the average Hollywood production-British tradesmen estimated a 150 million dollar return from the coronation hoopla. / Then the perplexing profile of Mrr' Wallis Simpson cast an ominous shadow on they show. Followed soon a sickening thud. King Edward VIII abdicated and King George VI succeeded. - Only because there is.jio" period of mourning to ' "Tioia"uTr matters is it possible to proceed with coronation plans-on the original schedule. The only change will be another head beneath the bejeweled crown and a queen .^alongside him in the throne altar. Narrowly threfctre has London, and all England for that matter, escaped the painful and humiliating experience of beir^c all dressed with absolutely - no place to go. \ . ~*f *" Iowa's Athletic Handicap S ' OME day the high schools of Iowa are going to wake up to the fact that the whip George A. Brown, secretary of the Iowa .High School Athletic association, cracks about their heads as a means jol herding them into line is a weapon which they, •the high schools, have placed in his hands. And by the same token, they can, acting together, disarm him of his whip and eliminate, the whip-cracking tactics for all "Jme. ^ - The plain fact is that Mr. Bro*n has used his Administrative post for selfish political gain. All oilier considerations in the affairs of high school athletics have been made secondary to his continuation in office. That's problem Nos. 1,'-2, 3, 4 and '5 He has gone out and hand-picked ''his boara members and placed them in office, often with threat, open or implied, of penalty for the schuols which do not vote according to his dictates. And clever indeed have been the devices by which Mr. Brown could check up on those who refused to "yes" him. One of the principal political END OF STORY FOR EDDIE AND WALLY ISN T WRITTEN YET vnmantic S INCE all the world loves a lover, and r°manttc writers are never done with t«™« .^£,2?" royal romances of history, last we «k undoubtedly was an historic period in Britain - ^* f ^f ^ tional end in the abdication of Edward VIUTO marry the twice-divorced American woman Mrs Smpson. Nothing quite like it has ever happened before, but it is probable that those people are wrong'who predict world-shaking consequence^ After all, the king does not rule the British.empire, he is ruled by his ministers. George VI will doubtless hold the loyalty of Britain and the dominions as securely as Edward. - . It is probably an over-simplification of the event to assume that the king gave all for. love, just ? i it is also over-simplification to say, as does George Bernard Shaw, that the king abdicated simply De- cause he was tired of his job and wanted to resign. Both ideas played a part in the crisis, quite evidently. The king is obviously fond of Mrs. Simpson 1 and determined to marry her, and he has often in the past given more or less, public evidence of being unhappy in the role of royal puppet. But deeply buried is something else, which may prove to oe the important factor so far as the future 01 .me British empire is concerned. That is the fact that the ruling classes p: who also rule the empire by social prestige, lion, and other extra-constitutional influences, have never liked Edward or felt quite comfortable with him as king. He was much too unconventional and democratic. His brief reign has been full of small but significant ruptures of tradition. And he brought matters to a head when, against advice, he made a trip to Soulh Wale just a few weeks ago, and in visiting and talking to the horribly poverty-stricken work less miners of that stricken region called the attention of the world, and of the British public, to the failure of the government to do anything to rescue them. At a time when Britain has been brag- "ing of leading the world out of depression, and of the prosperity which is hers, the unspoken commentary from the throne enraged the "ruling classes. It is probably no accident that the crisis over Mrs. Simpson \\es immediately thereafter crashed into public attention. Mr. Baldwin had known of the king's intentions for months. It was not until the king went to South Wales that, of a sudden, th> sensational affair was opened wide in England, \vMl the Bishop ot Bradford's public criticism of j£e lung touching off the explosion. That the church s part m the affair was no accident may be surmised. The immediate effect is.that the king has been driven from the field and the chuercli and the aristocracy are triumphant. But all'the returns are not in yet. There is a large faction in the kingdom and the dominions which senses, -what has happened, and is deeply stirred. They were backing the king largely because the marriage of a commoner and a divorced woman, either morganatically or as queen, would have been a scfcre off the ruling classes. That they will accept Ane return to the status quo remains io be seen. There arc plenty of politicians ready and willing to stir up trouble for Baldwin, the arch-tory whose work it is. It has been a godsend to the weedy Mosely. the rather futile leader, or attempted leader, of" British fascism. The labor party thus far is divided between its natural inclinations to wallop the aristocracy whenever possible, and its hereditary loyalty to the crown. " It is probably safe to say that Prime Minister Baldwin, after the excitement dies down, will have rough sailing. The Edwardian faction of the public will hold his course against him. It is far from all over, although it appears that Edward himself will leave Enlgand and live in a foreign country in order to give no countenance to any effort to put him forward as a candidate for restoration. * * * ENGLAND AND FRANCE TAKE LEAD FOR PEACE IN SPAIN W ITH the fighting in the Spanish civil war apparently at a stalemate, and a decision impossible except through the'highly dangerous reinforcement of the combatants by their supporting fascist and communist governments, an attempt is at length being made to reach peace by agreement, England and France are the sponsors of the movement. 11 does not yet appeal' whether Italy and Germany will co-operate. Russia is said to have approved. It is rather more than likely that France and Britain have engaged in the mediation effort with the idea of preventing a show-down in the league of nations, to which the Madrid government has appealed. Such a show-down might be perilous," certainly to the league if not to the peace of Europe. Another fiasco at Geneva in an effort to carry out the requirements of the covenant, would just about destroy what is left of its authority and meaning. And that this is what would happen is plain to all Italy, holding a scornful/ place on the fringe oi the league, and Germany, outside it altogether, would certainly not yield to a public scolding by the Spanish red government. No doubt there would be a backfire against Russia somewhere in the proceedings, for Russia is admittedly as guilty of interference in Spain as are Italy and Germany. There would, certainly, be a full-dress row that would bring about such a split as diplomacy could not heal. It would wreck the league for good, very likely. And since in the present state of world politics the league cannot enforce its decisions either by moral authority or physical sanctions, appeal to it is hope- For "their own reasons Britain and France wanl to keep the league from death. They see it as the last surviving agency of consultation for peace; the last forum in which the voice of neutrals can be . raised against the willfulness of the dictator slates. I TV,™ scc it as the last agency, also, conferring a DAILY SCRAP BOOK by Scott L tournaments. The gerrymandering which sent ! Mason City over to Estherville last spring to com- i pete with Sioux City—more than 200 miles away— I is an example of what's meant here. There were i other instances of basketball teams passing througii,! one tournament town on their way to the more'' distant place to which they had been assigned. School men have learned through bitter experience that kow-towing to this administrative officer who is supposed to take his orders from a policy-making board is the first requirement upon them if they are to gain consideration as a site for « tournament They never arc sure when they have kow-towed sufficiently and the competition sometimes becomes quite spirited in this field. In the election of a pair of board members not long ago, the issue was "Brown" and "Anti- Brown." In spite of the reprisal action which every voter against him knew he was incurring, for himself and his school, materially more than a third of the votes were against the candidates hand-picked by Mr. Brown. In at-least one instance, the superintendent thus voting was. notified by Mr. Brown that he had "voted wroni;" and that a duplicate ballot was being forwarded to him. You sec, a translucent type of envelope container was used, By Mr. Brown and Ills henchmen the election Of the two Brown adherents wa.s hailed as a "glorious victory." To the disinterested observer, however, this large—and growing—group of schools willing to accept the consequences of opposing a continued one-man rule by coercion is the best bit of evidence that could be adduced to show that George A, Brown's continuation in office is inimical the cause of high school athletics in Iowa. Some the increasing minority cognizant of this fact unafraid to act will become the majority. re's no Klnssinc nver the fact that Edward ting the wife of another man.' league for window-dressing, if nothing more. So one understands why the extra-league proposal for mediation in Spain. The procedure will be to stall the Spanish appeal to Geneva, to adjourn the question while the conciliation proposal is tried .out. Perhaps it will work. K t t 9 JCTORY ISN'T POSSIBLE FOK 'HER SIDE IN THIS CIVIL WAR ERE is no guarantee that mediation will be -;ssible. It cannot result in a victory for either and both the fascist and communist dictators,i. .4 are pretty thoroughly committed to demanding victory against each other. The Spanish civil war ibla European civil war under the surface, and the rivsal "isms" arc deeply involved, not only in the matter of munitions, but with troops. A good deal of the charges concerning the dispatch of troops tc Spain by Italy, Germany and Russia is probably propaganda, and vastly exaggerated. T/et there is no doubt that neutral ncws- papcrmeii have seen organized German, Italian and Russian* forces. Ostensibly these are "volunteers." Practically they are so in name only. They could not have got to Spain without the connivance of their governments. There is little doubt they had it. Fighting each other on Spanish soil, they have started on a small scale the international war which all nations dread. So far the war is undeclared, and it may remain so. But the Spanish trouble must end speedily to prevent it. The non-intervention committee, so far merely a bad joke, has borbidden any further contribution of "volunteer" forces on either side in Spain. There is a chance this may work, on the theory that both fascist and communist states realize that the fighting is at an impasse, and they had better pull out before they become officially involved. The mediation proposal may save faces, now that it is plain tli at only endless bloodshed and no decision can result from prolonging the existing situation. After all, Russia has to worry about the far east, Germany, is as yet only partially ready to throw- her new army into action, and Italy has Ethiopia—her imperialism being sated fpr.ihe time ... ,._.... ABRAHAM LINCOLN , PRESIDENT, R-WAS AK INVENTOR.- VESSELS SAXDBARS, SUfrf" A SEAL PELT WHEN -TANNEP SO SOFfAKP PLIABLE If CAN BE PASSEP A OBSERVING STAMP ISSUED THE 'PRESIDENT oF BRA1IL, /2-/4 COPYRIGHT. 1936, CENTRAL PRESS ASSOCIATION DIET and HEALTH By LOGAM CLEXDEN'IXG, M. D. SURGICAL "FIRSTS" OF CENTURY M Y READERS may remember that a few years ago, while I was abroad, I recorded here my impressions of some of the historical places in the Old World, which are associated wjth discoveries of medical interest. In the United States there are five important places where the medical hero worshipper should worship. One is the Massachusetts General hospital, the scene of the first public demonstration oJ! ether. One is Mackinac island where William Beaumont did his important researches on the functions of the gastric juice. One is Philadelphia where the first hospital and the first medical school in the United States were established. One is Athens, Ga., where Crawford W. Long first gave ether lor surgical purposes, although not in public. ] The fifth one I visited on a det . lightful day this week. In com- Dr. CUndMwf • pany w i th three charming and distinguished fellow-physicians, I drove through 'the Blue Grass region of Kentucky, and :. can strongly recommend to anyone who has the urge to drive leisurely through historical country to take thjs trip. It is certainly a full day's trip, and to do it justice at least a week should be given to it. Among the things you will sec is "My old Kentucky home," the old Rowan house near Bardstown, Ky., celebrated as the place where Stephen Foster wrote the immortal song; the Daniel Boone country Lincoln's birthplace, Transylvania college—the first school of higher learning west of the Alleghenies, and the site of the first medical school in the United States in that region. The particular object of my trip, however, was Danville, Ky., the house where Ephraim McDowell performed the first abdominal operation for ovario- tomy in 1809. The patient was a brave woman, named Jane Crawford, who submitted to the ordeal without anesthetic of any kind. It is said that she and Doctor McDowell were of so deeply a religious frame of mind that they agreed they would not even use the intoxicating effects of brandy to deaden pain. It is a matter of wonder among surgeons how they were able to go through the operation, first, on account of the pain and, second, how they avoided infection. The house was until recently a private dwelling in a poor part of the city, but through the efforts of enterprising members of the Kentucky Medical society, it is now being reconstructed and restored so that it will look very much as it did when this epoch-making event took place within its walls. When completed, it will be public property and contain a McDowell museum worthy of its fine traditions. This region is, indeed, a country of great surgical events, because at Bardstown in August, 1806, Dr. Walter Brashear performed another operation, amputation at the hip joint, the first successful one done in the world, which was quite as important in its way as the operation of Doctor McDowell. In Lexington the great operator was Benjamin W. Dudley, who did over 200'operations for stone with a very low mortality before the days of anesthetics and before the days of aseptic surgery. TOMORROW By CLABK KINNAIBD Notable Births—Maxwell Anderson, b. 1888, in Atlantic, Pa., runner-up to Eugene O'Neill as greatest American playwright. Author of Both Your Houses, Winterset, Winged Victory, etc. . . . Most Rev. John McNicholas, b. 1877, R. C. archbishop of Cincinnati .... Harry Kemp. b. 1883, vagabond poet and author . . . Rt. Rev. James H, Ryan, b. 1886, R C. bishop of Omaha . . Arthur D. Little, b. 1863, in Boston, distinguished chemical engineer, Dec. 15, 37 A. D.—Nero Ahenobarbus was born, 17 years befoj» he became emperor of Rome, which meant the world in those 'days. For 14 years he was the most powerful man in the world, but as he was dying only a slave would give him shelter. Dec. 15, 1791—The "bill of rights," the guarantee of the liberties of the American people, was declared adopted. *..,.,„ The "bill of'rights" consists of the first 10 amendments to the constitution—those prohibiting combination of church and state, upholding freedom of speech, sanctity of the home against search and seizure without due process of law, jury trial, etc. ' ONE MINUTE PULPIT—A scorner seekclh wisdom, and findeth,it not: But knowledge is easy unto him that understandeth.—14:6. EARLIER DAYS FltOM GLOBE-GAZETTE FILES Thirty Years Afo— Fire of unknown origin did about $500 wortn of damage to the cigar factory operated by W. L. Moore on South Main street this morning. The loss is principally in cigar boxes and tobacco although the damage to the building is considerable. E. J. Russell has returned from a few weeks business trip in Texas. Gertrude Smith of Sheffield is visiting friends in the city for a few days. Mayor Dawson left today for a few days visit at Spencer, Estherville and Emmetsburg. H. S. Beemis of Bloomfield, Nebr., is visiting friends and relatives in the city for a few days. _ Bertha Downy of Minneapolis.is visiting friends in the city for a few days. Ambrose Dayton of Doylestown, Wis., and Everett Dayton of Colunibus, Wis., left today for their homes after a brief visit in the city. Otto Leader and Richard Randies of Randolph, Wis., are in the city on business today. Twenty Years Aro— Officers elected last night at a meeting of the Protective union of Musicians, No. 230 were: President, Elmer Beatty; vice president, C. W. Weaver; secretary. C. C. Kelso; treasurer, John Kopecky, and sergsant-at-arms, Robert Ross. BERLIN—The speech of Chancellor von Beth- mann-HoUweg before the reichstag when he declared Germany was willing to make peace was not interrupted by a single expression of dissent, while significant passages were greeted with hearty cheers. PARIS—The German offer of peace was received with a chorus of derision in the French press. Newspapers are unanimous in the opinion that it is an admission that the situation is becoming critical in Germany. Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Johnson of Cutbank, Mont., are visiting relatives in the city." Hugh Kennedy of Hampton visited friends in the city yesterday. Ten Years Aro— i Katherine Kearns, Marian Hanes and Craig Kent arrived in the city from Park college to spend the holidays with their parents. Mason City high school opened its basketball season with a defeat last night, Albert Lea, Minn., being the victor 23 to 15. At Rochester, Minn., the Rochester Juniors outclassed the local junior college team 28 to 19. Basketball scores yesterday included the following: Michigan 30, Cornell 23; Coe 28, Illinois 22; DePauw 34, Purdue 28; Franklin 27, Wisconsin 24,' and.Simpson 38, Still 34. Margaret Jenkins, student at the National Kindergarten and Elementary college, Evanston, 111., is spending the holidays at her home here. ALL OF US Bj MARSHALL MASLIN HICK I 'M A HICK, and it's fun. ... If a couple of strangers get into loud argument on a street corner, I stop and listen. . . And hall hope they'll start swinging on each other. ... If there's a dog fight I gather round, too. ... I lean over fences around excavations and watch steam shovels. . . That shows I'm a hick. When the band goes by I quicken my step. . . . I don't feel at ease in banks and if I don't watch myself I'm putty in the hands of a clever salesman. (So I watch myself.) ... I stare at demonstrations in shop windows, and always make a mental guess on the number of beans in the jar. I buy raffle tickets and hope to win. ... I daydream about having a lot of money. . . . 1 rattle sticks along picket fences and don't step on cracks because I'll break my mother's back. ... If a cop rings the doorbell I wonder what I've done. . . . I don't walk on the grass. Doesn't that prove I'm a hick? And I gawk, too. ... I stare at people in street cars, on the street, in trains. ... I jaywalk. I glare at automobiles when I walk, at pedestrians when I'm riding. ... Several times I've caught myself remarking that "It's a small world, after all," and "You never can tell about human beings" . . . . And though I've lived around a metropolis for 20 years or more, I haven't learned to swagger. But I'm not perfect. ... I can't stare at those sullen forlorn figures in patrol wagons. ... I never say, "Is it hot enough, is it cold enough for you" . . . . And I'm sort of shocked when I see an intoxicated woman or hear a woman cursing foully. With these exceptions, I'm a hick and I like it. . . The fellow/who thinks he's seen everything and done everything and snubs his curiosity a dozen times a day is missing a lot of fun. "A poor life this, if full of care, We have no time to stand and »t«re," Racketeer* Cash in on Family's Bereavement came across his de$crip- tion, by Edward Podolsky, New York magazine writer, of one of the commonest rackets of the larger cities these days, a scheme for selling merchandSi; to the dead: "Mr. Krasnow is dead. A notice of his death has been published in the local papers. A few days later a man appears at his widow's house who shows her a watch and tells her that her late husband had paid $10 deposit on it. He asks what she wants to do about the balance of $20. "Of course, Mrs. Krasnow reveres the memory of her dead husband and she pays the remainder. Later she learns that her late husband paid no deposit on any watch, and further that the watch she bought is made of tin and worth less than a dollar. "There are various forms of this racket of playing on a person's bereavement. Sometimes a 25-cent fountain pen is sent to the deceased with a $3 C. O. D. charge attached. The relatives often accept toe pen, thinking ordering the merchandise was the last act of the deceased." Friendship Is Like a Boy's Kite In the Sky -.-. like this little dissertattaq, on the subject of friendship which appeared as an editorial in the Rotarian Magazine: "Despite Cicero's Tie Amiciatia, penned 2,000 years ago, and uncounted other books and papers on the subject, friendship remains difficult to define in a way that suits the logician. But so is electricity. Both possess a dynamic quality difficult to catch on .the photographic plate of words. Both are power, energy. Both are besl understood, not by a static definition, but by their power. "A boy once stood on a hillock, unwinding from a reel a string that stretched in an arc upward until it was lost in clouds. " 'What are you doing?' someone asked. " 'Flying a kite.' " 'But you can't see your kite. How do you know it is there?' . " 'By the pull of the string in my hand,', the boy-answered. "Of such is friendship." Did Benedict Arnold Utter These Words? arn not mentioning any names but I have it on rather good authority that there is a history teacher in North Iowa who thinks it was Benedict Arnold who uttered this sentiment: 'I only regret that I have but one life to lay down for my country," or words to that effect. But before you laugh too heart- Oy—who was it that gave expression to this historic regret? And what were the circumstances? AnthorlUn «• Safety Approve Use of Picture .frankly was a little fearful that the Globe-Gazette's recent use of a picture of a Mason City boy who had been run over on his sled by a truck would not have the blessing of those engaged in the promotion of the safety cause. It was realistic, I was afraid, to the point of constituting an appeal to what has become known as "scare psychology," an approach frowned upon by most safety authorities. Feeling thus, I decided to do some inquiring. Here I draw on three of the letters for interesting excerpts. First, one from Sidney J. Williams, director of the public safety division of the National Safety Council: It seems to me that the two pictures of the boy, on page 1 and 2, of your Saturday issue are a perfectly legitimate and very forceful bit of safety education. There is nothing gruesome about either the picture or the story." This i:; out of a note from George Mills, director of the news bureau of the Iowa Daily Press association: I venture to guess th;^ picture will mean no more sled deaths in Mason City this; wir.W*; If that result is achieved, the pi«fur* is justified ..taste or no taste ... If every', boy and every motorist in every community were thus vividly informed of traffic hazards, a drastic accident reduction almost surely would result.' Such a picture as the one you carried, in my opinion, is eminently justified." And this is an opinion by Phil H. Sproul, executive secretary of the Iowa State Safety council: "It was somewhat drastic, but it certainly was a compelling way of placing the cause and effect before the reading public. I think it was wonderful that the boy's mother was willing for you to do this, in order that other families might be saved what she was going through." In this last sentiment, this department concurs in fullest measure. Locally many expression* of approval and none of censure were received. When and If Roses Grow Without Thorns can't be sure that I'm favorable to that thornless rose which was reported to been developed by a New horticulturist. This year, according to the report, he grew 3,000 bushes of this variety. For one thing these thornless roses are going to remove the point (no pun intended) from Frank Stanton's famous verse of optimism: "This wol-14 th»t we're I'llvln' In Is mifhty hir4 U k»l; You fit a th«rn with every r«»e, Bui ain't the r«»e« iweet!" have York Answers to Questions By FREDERIC 3. MASKI.V PLEASE NOTE—A render t»n «et lh« «n»wer U «ny ««e>tl» «f Uel by wrillnr the Mnon City Glulie-Gnifite'« Information Burtii, Frettrie S. ••»kin Director. IV.shlnrton, D. C. Ple».« lent three (») eenU p»Ur> «« "l- Does Alaska have airplane service? H. K. Planes are rapidly supplanting dog teams in Alaska. Six commercial and 11 private companies are operating scheduled passenger flights covering every important city in the territory. What proportion of the average freshman class In American col- leres finishes the course? J. N. Ouc of seven freshmen in the average college, only two are graduated. What cartoonist drew the Romeo and Juliet cartoon of Ethel duPont and Franklin Roosevelt, Jr.? C. H. Jerry Doyle, Philadelphia Record. How many die of kidney disease? E. L. In U. S. 81,000 annually- How much sail in the Dead »ca? R. S. Approxim a t e 1 y 11,600,000,000 tons. What is the orlftn of Kentucky burgoo? J. L, Gus Jaubert, one of Morgan s ; men, first made it for an encampment of Bluecoat prisoners at Lexington in the fall of 1863. The secret of the concoction was handed down to James Looney, who still retains the title of Burgoo King. How laree are most prominent craters on the moon? R. W. The two most easily seen, about trie same size, are about 56 miles in diameter, and have ridges surrounding them more than two miles high. How lonjf is a camel supposed to travel on the desert without a drink? H. F. When crossing the desert, camels are expected to carry their loads 25 miles a day for 3 days without drink. The fleeter breeds carry a rider and a bag of water 50 miles a day for 5 days without. drinking. How many fold certificates in circulation when called into the treasury? B. B. In 1932, $715,683,000. Name cities with parkin* meters. J. W. Among cities where these have been installed are: Oklaho-.-a City, Miami, Dallas, Fort Worth, Hous T ton, El Paso, Kansas City., St Petersburg, Salt Lake City and Toledo. Why were early writers poor j spellers? S. A. Before the introduction of print- I ing, there was no standard of j spciiinc in Europe. Spelling pho- \ netically produced widely varyins I results. The English language has the fewest definite standards of spelling, or to put it differently, the most exceptions to establwhed rules. What football team* were undefeated in 1935? E. K. Princeton, Minnesota and Southern Methodist What Is the salary of the speaker of the house of common* in Great Britain? S. N. He receives 5,000 pounds • year, with a furnished residence. He is a member of the privy council. On vacating his post, he receives a pension of four thousand pounds, and is raised to the peerage. How many taxis in New York City? D. M. There are 16,000 cabs and 46,800 licensed drivers. Which of the plays at present rujmlnr on Broadway ha» had the longest run? E. R. On Dec. 4, "Tobacco Road" celebrated its third anniversary on Broadway. The play now equals the record set by Frank Bacon's "Lightnin"' and ranks second.to the long-run record of Abie's "Irish Rose." SOVIET UNION MAP Japan is strixdng desperately to strengthen her fighting forces. The Soviet Union warns the world she is ready to defend herrelf. Trouble in the far east is seething. Whether there is war or not, this section of the world is certain to play an important part in world affairs, and you should be well informed about Soviet Union and the Far East. This map includes the Soviet Union in Europe and Asia, Japan, Mongolia and part of China. Send 10 cents to cover cost and postage. Use coupon. The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information bureau, Frederic J. Haksin, director, Washington, D. C. (I inclose 10 cents in coin (carefully wrapped) for the map of the Soviet Union. Name Street City . Slstr (Mail to Washington, D. C.)

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