ARKANSAS Arctic Ocean Vladivostok only anti- axli bomber bate within 1000 milts of Tokyo, buf U. S. flying fortresses at Monilo could bomb Japan Jap aircraft carrier] would have to bring planes this close for Pacific coast raids Jap planes would have to be based or carried inside this zone to bomb Hawaii 9000-mile U. S. supply route to Orient swings south to miss Jap bases . S. Pacific Bases U. S. Atlantic BOMS ' Dutch Russian U. S. Strategic Zone in For East Saturday, January 10, 1942 Hempstead Farmers Urged to Fill Out Orders Immediately Through a moderate application of fertilizer is recommended as a means of increasing profits from cotton, corn, and oats, Hempstead county farmers may find it difficult to get their fertilizer orders filled if they wait until they are ready to use it before putting in their orders, Oliver L. Adams, county agent, reports. "Not only may certain fertilizer materials be limited," the county agent said, "But transportation facilities may be tied up to such an extent that shipments of. fertilizer may be slow. The one way of advoiding as much of this delay the farmer has of doing his part in the Food-for-Victory program." .The fertilizer needed earliest on most Arkansas farms, according to Charles F. Simmons of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, will be some nitrogen carrier, such as nitrate of soda for top-dressing small grins, in early March. Results of many tests show that a 100 pounds of nitrate 'of soda per acre applied to oats in March usually results in an increase of 10 bushels per acre in yealds, the Extension agronomist said. Corn usually responds best to an application of 100 to-150 pounds per acre of nitrate of soda or other nitrogen carrier when the corn is about knee high.Corn following the turning under of a good crop of whiter legumes usually needs no additional fertilizer. _ Cotton usually responds to a fertilizer supplying nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Because of the differ- cene in use, different fields require different treatments. Some land, Sim, mons explained, will respond most profitable to an application of nitrogen alone, while other land will need an application of a complete fertilizer. On land where cotton rust and wilt have been serious, an application of a fertilizer supplying a large amount of pot:ash is recommended. The University of Arkansas college of Agriculture, Simmons said, has conducted over 500 coton fertilizer studies on many soil tpyes in Arkansas during the past 30 years. General recommendations bassed on thesse studies ar.2 as follows: For most upland soth in Hempstead County: use a fertilizer supplying 30 to 35 pounds of nitrogen, 30 to 35 poundss of phosphoric acid, and 10 to 20 pounds of potash per acre. This amount of of plant food can be supplied by using about 400 pounds of a 4-8-4 fertilizer per acre, followed by side-dressing with about 100 nounds of a nifrogen fertilizer. When heavy crops of winter legume's haveTjeen turned undar this spring, nitrogen can be left out of the commercial fertilizer or be reduced at least by one-half. However, where rust or wilt has been secious, the potash should be increased by two or three times. When a complete fertilizer is used, It should be put down and bedded on about 10 days or 2 weeks before the cotton is planted. Applying thhe fertilizer and planting cotton the same day often results inpoor stands, which result in smaller increass from the use of the fertilizer, the Extenssion agronomist said. In using commercial fertilizer one of three methods may be followed: CD All the ferilizer may be bought in the form of a complete fertilizer and a}l be applied under the cotton; or (2) the separate materials may be bought and the fertilizer may be mixed by the farmer in any desired ratio; or (3) the nitrogen may be applied as a split application, part of it being applied beneath thecotton in the form of mjxed fertilizer having low nitrogen content, and the remainder applied as a sidedressing just after the cotton has been chopped. Fertilizer Fish liorth Carolina are employed in the The "Boston News Letter" of May ur co 1704,carried America's first newspaper Chicago advrtisment. choking Rising Sun Has "Set"For This Jap Plane from the presidential asides at this conference, there arc a number of tips on the shape of things to come. And to hit the highlights, here are just a few: Only about 35 per cent of the na- ton's steel production now goes for war, but this will be raised to 50 or 60 per cent. Shipbuilding, originally estimated at n possible maximum of six million tons a year, will be raised to eight million tons and perhaps to 10 million tons a year, in 1943. Fifty thousand planes a year used to be thought an unattainable goal, but by sharpening their pencils the production men have found ways, to step it up to 60,000 or even 125,000 a year. The types of planes, combat, bomber, training and so on, will hereafter not be specified. The $56 billion budget docs not include anything for St. Lawrence power and navigation project, nor for any project now before Congress in the form of a special appropriation bill. The budget includes only an initial ?13.G billion for the war. Large supplemental requests will be made later, as will additional requests for farm aid, WPA, youth program and others. It is easy to sny that appropriations :or fighting nature in order to keep 'rom being enveloped by nature those appropriations can't be let go. Fewer Highways It will be hard for Congress to cut lighway appropriations. But as Bud- jet Director Smith points out, lack of steel for reinforced concrete roads (Official Navy Photo Ffrom NEA Telcphoto] American seamen examine the wreckage of one of the Japanese torpedo planes shot down in Pearl Harbor on December 7th during the Pacific Fleet's defense of the Ford Island naval air station. Edson in Washington Some Facts on Our Hefty New Budget WASHINGTON—The printed bud-5> get of the United States government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, weighs 5 pounds and 4 ounces. It has nearly 1400 pages, size 9 x ll'/fe inches, and a conservative guess would be that it has two and one half million words and figures. You can buy a copy from the government printing office for 52.25 which is cheap, being only about 51 a million wordds. In all other respects, however, this ., ,~n n ,T n ~~" 1943 budget is no bargain. It is con- Almost 7000 men and 4000 boats of siderably duller reading than a mail- Ortxl Larohna arA omr\lrn,o*l : n tu,- ,__ _-i_i. - _ , , ., .. , .. order catalog and while its sedative t, j • i -•••rmjs.u in ur_ urcier caiaiog ana wnue its seaative menhaden industry every year. The qualities might make it the perfect rSil" • ^ a " principall y in companion for an air raid shelter, it er ' is not recommended as a substitute for a whodunit? Of course it takes a book of these telephone directory, bull- proportions to account for ways in which 556 billion might be spent and a national debt of $UO billion be accumulated by July 1, 1943. It takes in such a items—thousands of wide variety of «..«^ w * them. On page 573, for instance, you can learn thta the Department of the Interior contemplates spending only $135,000 next year, instead of $150,000, to aid the Indians in the culture of fruits, grains, and other crops. On page 5 is the estimate of 54000 for the purchase exchange, driving, maintenance and operation of an automobile for the vice- president. On page 1031 is an estimate of 516,940 to run the dog pound for the District of Columbia. This hits the middle, beginning and end of the budget book, but it is also being facetious, and that is not polite in wartime. Also, why pick on chick- may now limit actual highway construction, leaving Congress over-appropriated. A proposal will be made to Congress to change the social security laws so that poorer states will get larger proportionate federal grants than richer states like New York. The President still opposes the general sales tax, but he docs favvor ad- raise revenue, to curb the demand for civilian goods, to put the brake on inflationary problems, and to provide a brake that can be taken off after the war. The public will be encouraged to buy bonds instead of redecorating the home and making similiar expenditures. Most hopeful and encouraging aspects of war financing arc that the interests rates are lower—2'/i per cent today as against 4 per cent and better in 1917, that inflation is being prevented by price control, and there is a possibility of keeping up the income after the war, taxes being kept up at the same time to reduce the national debt. Walking is the usual form of transportation for most natives on the island of Martinique and women often walk 20 miles carrying produce to markets at Fort-dc-Frunce. Singapore was leased in perpetuity to Sir Stamford Raffles for the East India Company in 182-1 by the Sultan of Tohorc. Army Morale Problem Over 'Fighting Spirit' Is Watchword Since Jap Attack By THOMAS M. JOHNSON NEA Service Military Writer WASHINGTON - Meet the U. S. Army's forgotten word: "Mornla." It hns gone with the wind of war that swept holly ovor Hawaii in the dawn of a Sahbath morning. Replacing "monilc" is "spirit 1 — fighting niiid, determined. Thnnk the Japanese for it. Japan's infamous stabs at Hawaii and the Philippines have cleansed the Army of the last trace of "morale sickness." Recent investigation showed that this was u minor ailment, exaggerated by amateur diagnosilic- iims who knew about soldiers because they had seen a movie or read a book. Last summer they bulletined: "Patient seriously ill. Widespread discontent among soldiers. Favorite song is O-H-I-O—'Over the Hill in October.' " "Over the hill" means desertion — but October found an Army so engrossed in (raining that the only hill it went over was some hill held by the "enemy." The predicted epidemic didn't come off. Even before Pearl Harbor, the Army's most violent complaint was at all the talk about "morale." When I mentioned it to one platoon during (lie Carolina maneuvers, every man cursed or spat disgustedly. There was some silly "morale" talk nbout the A. K. F. loo, back in World War I. But did they fight? You know they did—and no A. E. F. vet doubts our new army will fight if lie has seen them in (lie field, hiking, lugging equipment, sleeping—if at all—on the ground; playing the war games so hard they fought one another with bayonets and rocks; swearing, sweating, yes, even smelling like soldiers. And by much cheerful efort—in three weeks I encountered one grouch— they are getting to be soldiers. "What more c'n we do less'n they give us a war?" one Southern Sergeant exploded. "Hell, forget that morale stuff!" Consider it expunged, Sergeant. Henceforth the word is "spirit"—a more American word. The Army' sspirit has leaped to a clear and constant flame. They have it now. The tricky little Japanese showed them—and infuriated them—for the average American soldier to whom I talked would rather be shown by anyone else on earth. For Nazism as a system he hud nothing but loathing, but for Hie average German, a certain sympathy. For the Jap, he had nothing but dislike. This was before Pearl Harbor. Southerners and Wasterncrs are respectively especially violently anti- Hitler and anti-Japanese. Southerners feel endangered by eventual Nazi- Fascist aggression in Latin America; Westerners, of Japanese air-sea attack. Easterners feel threatened from TAMBAY GOLD By SAMUEL HOPKINS ADAMS Copyright, 1941. NEA Service Inc. are millions and tens of millions and hundred of millions and billions and tens of billions and half a hundred billion to be spent? Explains to Press The President does not read thi messsage to Congress himself, but in „ rather amazing session which he calls his annual seminar with the press, he goes over this message sentence by sentence, with frequent interruptions for questions and explanations. The I session lasts two hours. As only about 50 newspapermen instead of the usual 100 attend this session, chairs are provided—the glided kind usually put around the edge of a ballroom for wallflowers and guys with two left feet. Budget Director Harold D. Smith and a couple of his aides sit behind the President to answer embarrassing qpestions. The President opens the meeting with a crack that there are supposed to be very few newspapermen who know the difference between a dollar and a dime, and few Presidents either. The budget itself, the message, the tubalations and all the columns of en feed items like these when there; figures are a matter of record, but K-'^lfk^r "#!•<•' f.>-4CL%Sl£??*V WHERE U. S. TRAINS TROOPS FOR WAR &6 »• S.DAKOTA «,St. Pou rM^o^S^^o^S IOWA Dodge OMAHA 00 CROOK»-'\ DES MOINE; c LEAVENWORTHJ**, U. S. ARMY FORTS AND CAMPS Forti are written thus: LEWIS Camps are written thus: Shelby Large stars indicate strength of more than 5000 soldiers "Vs/Mipmi iTAYLOR'V Key West Barracks V Corp? Area Boundarici These are the forts and training camps of the U. S. at war, where troops are being fitted for battle with the armies of the axis. Tlii-j iiioi.it iumii Uilunicr wangle* pcrmixHlon from pretty June Ann JudHon, last of nrlftto- crnllc MnnricM of run-down Tnm- 1my Plantation, to set a» "Kccdcr- ia" lunch wngon there, wonder* why Judcly In Houreil on world. Other charaiMcrKt whinkery Lorcn Oliver, Wclliver U. prof tUgglnc for Indian rellcx at Tniunayi Old Swony, Slovene refugee "Doc" Oliver IN harboring; Uolf, Mom'M pot skunk! Angel Todd, Welllvcr football Ntnr interested In Juddy. Several of liix frat brothcro "kidnap" licr for tlielr dance and, "Doc" in there, hhuved nnd hand- come. * * * MOM MAKES PLANS CHAPTER VI 7"OU could have peeled the amazement off the faces of the four "kidnapers," in layers, when they saw Juddy and Doc on the floor. Pretty soon Angel Todd slithered over toward them, and then something happened. People were staring, but I couldn't make out what was doing. Next thing, Juddy was back in our midst, and the twins were jumping her. "Aren't you the little weather- breeder!" "I haven't done anything." "Maybe not. But there's plenty doing. Coach is straddling Angel's neck." "What's it all about? Did Angel commit a crime, asking me to dance?" "Worse. He crashed a house tradition. No student can cut in on a faculty member at a house dance," Van Clark said. Angel came over, still looking like a ray of sunshine, and tackled her, "Give me this next dance and I'll apologize," he said. But Juddy was already dated. So he sat down to make himself solid with me. I was still wondering about the Oliver thing. So I said: "It wouldn't wreck your life if you didn't get through that Indian course, would it, Big Boy?" "Phooey on the course!" he said. "It isn't that. It's my average. I need the credits." He let his voice down a peg. "I'm here to play basketball, hockey, football and what-have- you and draw 900 smackers per year, besides what I can claw up on summer vacations. Next year there'll be a boost if I make All- America, and how can they stop me? And now this peewee prof is trying to ease me out. At that, maybe I could make a belter deal at Balestier," he went on. "Only I kind of like it here. And I like it all the better since I met up with that little pal of yours. You don't think I've queered myself there, do you?" On the way home Juddy said to me, "Trade ought to be looking, u, Mom." "How so?" "I've been touting the Feederia to every partner I had," "That's business," I said. "With you for a shill, we ought to be practically a kitchen annex to Welliver. How heavy have you fallen for Angel Todd?" "I'm not going to fall for anybody," she said. "What do you get if you do?" I judged that Juddy was getting back in the groove. * * * WHAT that kid did with the 30 I'd given her made me feel queer behind the eyes. She bought her some paint and brushes, and went pottering about, touching up that poor old house where it needed it worst. One part of it, though, she did up brown. She'd blown herself for some banana-gold and re- gilded the old battered house motto, with funny lettering, over the door, so now you could read it. "St. Francis & St. Benedight Bless this House from Woful Plighte." While I was at my own work, I had cleared more space than the grubwagon needed for itself. You can't afford to overlook any bets when you're out for new trade. I stuck up a board. PARKING SPACE 15 CENTS PER NIGHT That was all I could hope to get, seeing we had no shower, conveniences, or W. C., which means wire connections—and not what you think—in trailer language. The first night I had two trailers, the second, five. Custom kept coming in to the Feederia, but it wasn't heavy enough so that I needed an extra hand. Juddy took to getting up early and coming over just the same. I could call on Ollie and Nollie for the morning rush, if any, while she drove around the country marketing for the wagon. When she got back one morning she found me stretching twine between the stakes I'd pegged out. "What are you planning to catch in your web, Spider?" "It isn't a web," I said. It was, at that. Only I didn't want her to find out till she was caught. "What is it, then?" I went right on fastening my lines. "I've still got that sign I had when I came here," I said. "What sign? Oh! 'Tourists Accommodated.' That one?" I nodded and got down on my knees to tie a good knot. "At Tambay?" "The name ought to draw," I said. "And what a site for a row of snappy cabins!" Tourist Camp/' said, and kind of laugnea. "That would make us popular with the neighbors!" * * * T NODDED. X "I'd have to think it over," she said. "Wouldn't it cost you an awful lot to build cabins?" "That's my lookout," I said. "I've got a little left in the toe of the old sock." "I'm not sure the University lease wouldn't interfere anyway," she said. "Let's find out. Who's your lawyer?" _, "I haven't any." "This thing has got to be kosher if we're going to deal. There's a young fellow in Leverton named Maurie Sears, They say he's good when sober, and sober except week-ends." "I think he's my distant cousin or something." "Let's go." Near the end of the plantation line Juddy slowed up for a pitch- hole. I noticed a buzzard, high up on a bough, teetering in the wind the way they do. The tree he was using for a perch was as ugly as he was; a dead shagbark, all charred and black on one side where there was a low limb. "Somebody been having a bonfire?" I asked. Juddy didn't answer. She didn't have to. I got it. They don't scorch tree trunks for fun in this part of the country. Besides, I'd heard of the Hanging Tree of Tambay, After we got to town Juddy said, "They lynched a poor creature there just before I came to Tambay. I'm going to have it cut down." Well, I could see trouble there. The minute Maurie Sears set eyes on Jane Ann Judson I began to wonder whether we had come to the right place. Things were liable to get too personal, if I was any judge. I know that sort of southern gent to the bone. You can say they're a misfit in the modern world, and I guess that's right. Too much past, too much caste, too little sense that their kind belong in museums. They live mostly by tradition and the catchwords that go with it. The Civil War is their eight-ball; they do most of their thinking behind it. But if you're their kin or their friend, they'll lie for you and die for you, and their given word is a couple of points up on a U. S. government bond. You may want to laugh at 'em or cuss 'em out, but when all's said and done, you kind of love 'em. (To Be Continued) Europe much more than they dltl in 1917-18. Only Fighting: JVfnn Sqimwks Arc Heard Now, the Army hns real squawks. « One is too little equipment nnd ammunition. But that's the gripe of n mnn who wnnl.s to fire his weapon, to be n fighting man, not the "garage mechanic" one critic said most of our soldiers resembled. He forgot the modern nnfiorm does not equal n ( hotel doorman's, if only because 1 we lire building the most highly mcchan- i/od and motorized army in history. Thiit accounts for what to the old A. E. F. eye appears to be sloppincss— that and the easier rules about saluting— which arc on their way out. They were part of an effort to sugur-conl the conscription pill for supposedly queasy American youth. Recently Lieut. Gen. Bon Lear—yes, of yoohoo fame—lightened up his men's saluting and nobody squawked. His men knew that to real soldiers the salute is just mutual courtesy between officers and men. All along the line the General Staff will now "button 'cm up." It is already beginning to smarten and toughen the Army, to tighten discipline. But it defines discipline ot as slavery, but as cooperation. Never has the Army had usch sympathetic relationship between officers and men. H wants to sustain that relationship, rooting out a few n- buses like mi occasional officer drinking with his men. Lax or over-age officers arc now being transferred; the Guard is emerging as a really National Guard. The Army, in short, is going to war. Which, in last analysis, is what armies are for. 1 Before Pearl Harbor, army spirit was that of a training army, a team of freshmen in early practice, willing but rather mystified by the fact it had no game scheduled. BJt now there looms the biggest game in history; the roughest, the dirtiest. The "coaches" know that though John W. Doughboy gets more money than many a Japanese officer, that doesn't make him a better fighting man than the Japanese, who has learned soldering the hard way. Americans Can Play Hough Games, Too But also they know that American boys can learn, more quickly than others, how to play rough games to win. Already they are physically hard; Japan's treacherous blows have hammered them harder mentally than could months of training, Nuw they know where they are going, and why; and being Americans they want to go there—fast. Often I heard them around campfires, questioning their officers; "Did we lick those other guys today'.' And how did we do it? And they meant how—all about it. They arc just us proud of their outfits as the A. E. F. was; and—if their Dads will pardon me—more intelligent. They know that although hostesses, movies and "welfare" work generally arc all right, the spirit of u fighting soldier comes from showing himself and his comrades that he can take it; endure hardship, make sacrifices, he tough, and win out. That spirit the Army is now building. In short, people can stop worrying about their soldiers; but they should never stop thinking about them — as soldiers. For a soldier is a fighting man—and proud of it. ffi O There are 5!) known species of reptiles and ampbibiiins in Great Smokies National Pork. ALLIED BATTERIES As low As ?3.49 Ex. (Batteries Recharged 50c) Oklahoma Tire & Supply Co. Associate Store Bob Elmore, Owner — Hope r\ v.) Bring us your Sick WATCH Speedy recovery guaranteed. Repair service very reasonable, PERKISON'S JEWELRY STORE 218 South Walnut ORIANA AMENT BOYETT Teacher of Music-Voice, Piano. Art-Drawing, Painting. Studio 608 South Mah? Street Phono 318 W IRON WORKERS LOCAL UNION 591 of Shreveport, La., holds its official meeting at 7:30 o'clock every Thursday night in banquet room of Hotel Barlow, Hope, Ark. H. H. PHILLIPS, B.A. & F.S.T. WANTED CAST IRON SCRAP 75 Cents per Hundred Pounds Paid ARKANSAS MACHINE SPECIALTY CO. Hope, Arkansas WANT A PIANO? This Model $36$ cosh or terms: $36.50 Down $19.36 Monthly. Drop us a card for Catalogs and fvll information. Quality makes by STEINWAY, HADDORFF CABLE, WURLITZER. Used Pianos, $15 up. Terms Beasle 200E. Bjrgad Texarkajia, Ark.
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