Oil Barrels Roll to Record ' Vital Needs of United States Are Guaranteed HOPE STAR, A M'OPr, ARKANSAS »j= mericans Spent An Exciting Year in 1941 Business ' s^ssr^ year as ever experienced in difficult f , Mechanized warfare and naval Jhe Unoted States, with oil resources , m earth, . snuisno , production records i - greatest of indus'tlrT '.' , bo11 ' 8°ve,-,,,,,ci,i and ndustiy officials .say, will |,e vastly increased in 1!M2 vjr »'> u«er f . It must be shipped^ finko* Pipeline and railroad. ' •L Tr'in tf in* lit" un 4 i ,> -* * in mi t?i o( flU tmiKt'rs It) I'lritiult in the past year, created a .shortage, of oil transportation facilities to the Ens coast during the summer. This situation was relieved by |] le return o some of ,| le borrowed'ships but n the mennlnne, the oi | j, KUl l._ had developed railroad shipping termm/il facilities which available for emergencies , Due to the nation's tremendously in- •' creased military aviation and the con-1 sequent demand for ]()<) octane «nso ' line, industry experts predict tint i the high octane rating of gasoline for automobiles will be reduced during tlie next few months. By CT,At)t)R A. .TAGGKR Tilt- American economy began 194 planning (o hnve both guns and but tor, and breaking all records in buy ing luxurious sinew to produce guns just guns, regardless of what hap pens to the luxuries of everyday living. ' ' The year 19-11 saw tho United States trying to cut and fit a Wartime economy to harness its mighty production machine, developed in peacetime to turn out nearly half the world's manufactures. That stubborn problem of depression years, excess capacity, was iinicldy replaced by shortages of machines, men and materials. Sweeping, n sometimes halting, progress had been nl ade by Dec. 7, when bombs loll on Penrl Harbor, and threw America's war effort into high gear, .-toel production ran al practical capacity throughout most of the year, causing an annual outturn of close to H3,000,000 (OILS, a quarter more than 1940, two-thirds more than 1939. Use of niiiny non-ferrous metals was stopped, or several restricted, for nonmilitary purposes. The government successfully placed lirice ceilings on a number of industrial products, but food, imported products, and wages rose sharply. Living costs advanced about U percent during the year, but hourly wage rales in mnny industries rose even more sharply. As the year drew to a close, more drastic government measures to control costs, siphon off -• earnings and income in taxes, more now are i were in preparation. j more were elected, than ever before- new coat of paint a fact which women's group leaders said was indicative of condition? throughout the country. Women left (heir mark in the business world. They filled important jobs and made conIribulions to industries producing electrical equipment, rubber goods and aluminum ware. They also played a big part in the drive to establish New York as the lashion center of the world and left two important results on the mode— (1) zip and glamour in wartime fashions and (2) more colored dresses to replace the once-favored black. The Arts By .IO1IN SELBY If -Von try Io put (he ycar j n(o pcl . s . pt-ctive so fnr as the arts go, you see two things clearly-lrends, and total circulation. And you see that in the three major departments, music, books and the graphic arts, there have been no new trends at all, unless an enormous detriment store campaign to sell an enormous number of very tony ob- lects of art indicates that the hush- lush atmosphere which once sur- •otmded these tings has been banish- Loboi H.V JOHN GKOVF-R Organized labor hit ;md held tin headlines through 1941. Strikes came often in the 11 month:, preceding the outbreak of war CIO find AFL alike tested burgeoing strength in ti series of bitter-end :show downs that threatened man-day-los records set in 1937. the sitdown strike year. The country, us reflected in c< gross, showed growing concern „. key industries in the munitions-for- defense effort slowed. were shut down 01 At (lit- end of that time, however it is considered likely th,,i nl lens, some of 21- plants now 'under oline the manufacture of 100-octn components will be construction me gas- production and this .situation may be lelicvl In any case, the industry has assured the Army and 'Navy. United Stales f hers will receive all they can * use of the best flying r llel scien( f c . produce. Formosa i.s the olde.st colony of Japan and probably the most useful economically. Men, Women Over 40 Don't Be Weak, Old For solo at al, good drug stores every- r . where—m Hope, at Cox and Gibson Drug. Women By ADELAIDE KERR War came to women in 1941. And they rolled up their sleeves to play a greater part in the United States' affairs than ever before. Over n million knit socks, rolled bandages and studied first aid under the direction of the Red Cross. Thousands more took courses in fire fighting, ah- rai precaution, nutrition, nnd physical fitness and learned to pilot planes, drive trucks and assemble their motors. Hundreds of thousands of women all over the country went to work in Uncle Sam's defense. Still others, headed by the First Lady, Mrs. Roosevelt, filled important key posts in the nation's defense program. Another group filled men's jobs m industrial establishments, helping make gas masks, airplanes, blimps and gasoline tanks. Even women whose work kept them at home played a part in the defense program, as the new interest in dietetics and nutrition revealed the importance of their jobs at kitchen sink and stove to the nation's welfare. In politics, too, women played an active role. In New York stale more ion ran for municipal office, and BLUE PLATE Mayonnaise Guaranteed Fresh ... Buy the Economical Pin, Sire MADE BY THE WESSON Oil PEOPLE od. The book world continued the trend t established three years ago, which s toward books which interpret the world cataclysm for the average man. And this year the vogue for books by oreign correspondents, which is a jart of the trend, reached a great climax in William L. Shirer's "Berlin Diary." The world of music also continued along ihp line it established before the war broke out, which is toward a wider use- of music by Americans, and as a corollary of the Good Neighbor policy, increased interest in Latin American music and performers. This summer, also, South America was deluged with artists usually connected with North America. And the graphic arts ran true to form, :ilso. There has been a'slacken- ing of interest in the decadent phases of painting particularly notable for some seasons, and it continued to be notable this season. Circulation tells a different story. Excepting the graphic arts, the tendency is toward expansion and very definitely. War does not black out music even in countries under blackout restrictions such as England. Nor does it lead concert managers to cancel dates or American farmers collected a whop- concert audiences to give up sub- ping ^,200,000,000 for 1941 crops—a scriptions. The recently imposed war ! recor d-und expected a $13,000,000,000 tax has had only a slight, effect on p '^, off '" M2 ' The year saw repeal of the Neutrality Act, a crucial tost of the administration foreign policy, threatened by defection of congressmen dissatisfied with federal labor policies. Only President Roosevelt's lesUmin- ute personal appeal, hinting at antistrike legislation to come, won small majority for the repealer. John L. Lewis, big boss of the CIO Mine Workers, flouted five requests from Roosevelt before agreeing to arbitrate the close dshop issue in steel- mill-owned coal mines. The whole steel-for-defense program was periled before Lewis finally agreed. His union won the decision. Wages during the year showed workmen. Wages were specifically exempt from anti-inflation legislation under consideration. The federal government in June look over the North American plane plant in Inglewood, Cal., to end a dispute thai had halted warplane building. Troops were used again to end disputes in the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock plant at Kearny, N. J., at the Air Associates, Inc., plant at Bendix, N. J., and remained a potent threat against long deadlocks. From January through September, last month nationwide figures were available, strikes cost 19,072,564 man- days of work in 3,297 walkouts affecting 1,868,841 workers. After America entered the war spokesmen for labor and industry met to arrange for the prevention of any work stoppage during the war. rent national problems. Sports on all cases isn't known yet. Silver linings were made for cup nms to keep them permanently sterilized A new kind ot glass was made, without silica. A new kind of photographic film was discovered—it contains no silver grains. PAGE Five ? n,V thai lasted some six GRAHAM big S est sports story— one months — wa.° Farming By JOHN GUOVKH the current music season. That was the big farm news of Increase of concert business this ! 194J ' Sti " bi . gger news was llle depart- year over 1940 is greater than the ment ot a sriculture plan for 1942. Un- considerable increase of 1940 over the! der lhe ""I 561113 of world emergency, preceding year— and this can be Iran-' , ude R ' Wickard ' secretary of agri- slated directly into audience interest '' culturc - Planned a virtual revolution An the same i.s true of books. The! fo £ U \ ^, fa '' ms next year ' houses with "Berlin Diaries" and! k stablls r»ed crops and farm practices "For Whom the Bell Tolls" (still go- art ' £checiulw! to "Y the boards. o- . ing strong, by the. way) naturally ' clops for n '6 n - e nergy, balanced have enormously increased business j d)ets °" tho P roduction a "d fighting But substantial bouses with unspectn- " --- ..... ""'' C ~™~ "''' cular lists are mostly ahead of last year. NOTICE To Water Consumers Water consumers in Hope should take precautions to prevent the freezing of house plumbing. Either shut off water at house cut off (not at meter as this does not drain pipes) or let the water run a tiny stream at each faucet. Under no circumstances build fires or use heat in the meter box. To do so will not restore your service in most cases, hut will always damage lhe meter. Hope Wafer & Light Plant Tho odd thing is that even the declaration of war with Japan did no fronts will be encouraged. Some old crops will be sharply curtailed, others expanded. Food-for-clefense has been place on a county-by-counly basis. Goal n . , ..... .nut,LIi.^—— wtl. Brooklyn's battle with St. Louis foi the National League baseball pen- ant. The Dodgers won in the closing days and then were beaten, foui ?ames to one, by the New York Yankees, who came back to dominate the American league again. Mickey Owen of the Dodgers became the series goal by dropping the third strike on the third out in the ninth inning of the fourth game. .Too DiMaggio's 5G-game consecutive hitting record and Ted Williams' 4006 batting splurge were other highlights. Boxing's highlight was flashed the night Billy Conn almost beat Joe Louis. Out front on points after a dozen rounds, Conn finally was clip- Jed and knocked out in the 13th. Louis won six other heavyweight title de- enses, including a six-round kayo of -on Nova with what Louis termed the lardest punch he ever threw. Whirlaway was turf's top name through most of the year, winning he famed triple crown with triumphs n the Derby, Preakncss and Belmont, hen beaten surprisingly three limes n later starts. His wins boosted him nto third place among the all-time iioney-winners. Alsab, a two-year>ld which had been bought practical- y for a song, became the late sea- 011 hit. Market Wise was another bar- gnin-counter racer that stood out vinning the Pimlieo Special. Craig Wood, runner-up for every major crown, finally hit the jackpot in golf, winning the Open championship, Marvin Ward topped the amateurs, Mrs. Betty Hicks Newell paced the women, and Vic Ghezzi copped the PGA. Bobby Riggs regained the men's singles tennis title as Sarah Palfrey Cooke won (lie women's crown. Radio Movies By ROBBIN COONS Hollywood, often guilty of providing its customers with dull moments had few for itself in 1941. Selling and distribution of films were revolutionized by the "consent decree" which settled government anti-trust suits against major film companies. Block-booking (an entire year's product sold in advance) was replaced by package bookings—blocks of no more than five films could be sold at one time, all films to be shown to exhibitors before sale. Immediate effects: a rush of production, a com petitive struggle for quality films for star names to lure purchasers, anc a trend toward lessening the number By C. JR. BUTTERFIELD Radio's prime theme for 1941 was deense-for 1942 it's stll. Idefense, but more aptly victory-defense. _ As the new year opens radio is doing its part in total war to a much greater extent than was possible in the first world war. Not only does iLlrfhi mter : world Communication possible on a larger scale than ever. in» • u S , e ° 0me valuab 'e in link- ng tanks and other mobile units with headquarters and with each other! JV" j . usi . oa vito1 o" the sea as in the air through its ability to span distance without physical connection Just how much radio is doing in war and battle can be surmised only from the progress it has made in other fields. The sole important development revealed was its use in spotting enemy planes throug a locator device based on the known theory of wave reflection on the higher frequencies. This device, it has lately been hinted, was an aid in repel- mg tie German air blitz on the Brit- sh isles. Meanwhile, broadcasting had its own skirmishes. There was the, ten-month music fee row with the American P?°hr T ° f Com P° sers - Authors and Publishers/which finally ended'with J nine-year contract that settled most —•""'" - "—'KROGER if not all of the differences. Then there was the situation which developed over the monopoly report of the Federal Communications Commission which resulted in new rules for (he networks and included a regulation which sought to eliminate ownership by the National Broadcasting company of two networks. As the yettf ended, the whole question see approaching a clarification after co action was started and NBC took steps looking toward a spljtup of its two networks, Future status of the new rat vwas unpredicatable with the country at war. c< MEALS TASTE BETTER WHEN YOU SERVE RIBBON BREAD YOUR GROCERS CITY BAKERY • ," -i ?'i "^ ,t& V* I'll take the beef that & TENDERAY SPEEDS UP NATURAL'TENDERING-14. TIMES OUTMODED WASTEFUL AGEING, CONSERVES VALUABLE: JU « REDUC/S S OF NATURAL VITAMINS. KROGER'S TENDERAY IS THE WORLD'S ONLY GOVERNMENT PATENTED METHOD OF TENDEmG FRE?H BEEF o?£ D L F ^ GRADE » NO OTHER BEEF SO FRESH CAN BE SO TENDER! THIS CLAIM CANNOT BE TRUTHFULLY MADE FOR: ANY OTHER BEEF. SOID EXCLUSIVELY BY All KROGER MEAT MARKETS! iKROGER'S GUARANTEED TfNOEfiJ ALWAYS POPULAR PRICED! of duced. second-grade films pro- more than stagger the arts for" the ha X c been set in cverv county. Act ,..ans to have its symphony concerts in the - 1 nn.- «ii L;, jui me I, •< moment. Los Angeles considered plans' , y amounts to a nationwide plan on concer ned cconom >'' with tho stress on food afternoon to avoid 'blackout trouble j m ? st necded in Britain and the U. S and in Sacramento Vladimir Horow-1 -,1 eggS ' PC "' k ' beef ' ve setab| itz was compelled to repent the first! °'... so _ ure c » m modities deem, half of a recital program because a blackout delayed lhe audience an hour. Things like that. Religion By RAY PEACOCK ed .vital. To encourage production Wickard fixed parity prices on dairy pork and egg products. It amounts to a federal guarantee to farmers to g( ahead with expanded output. Wheat acreage in 1942 is to bi .sharply reduced to 5,000,000 acres froir a five-year average planting of 72,- COO.OOO acres. Soybean and peanut acre, age will be doubled, will help take the place of reduced cotton and tobacco acreage in the south. The 1942 slaughter of hogs i.s expected to be 79,000,000 animals, up from the average of 63,000,000. There'll be n 3,000,00 boost to 28,000,000 in beef slaughter under the program. Farm prices generally showed a steady increase through 1941. The federal land banks reported un-, , precedented inquiries and applicn- 00 and is the largest Gothic cathedral li " ns for farm lands. There were n the world. Yet it has no member- ' " ' ;hip roll and no parish boundaries. The war was reflected in numerous tatements of faith. William Cardinal O'Cpnnell said that life today would 1 e intolerable if it were not for the lope that the religious spirit would ventually overcome warring and ma- erialistic elements. Governor Herbert Lehman of New York, a Jew as- _'rted that the common fight of all hm-ches" was "against those who Material and spiritual gains were recorded by the Church in 1941, a year in which the nations clergy saw quickened interest in religion because if unrest brought by war. A headline event was the opening of the full nave of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York, $20,000,000 edifice building since 1H25 and itill not completed. A tenth of a nile long, made entirely of masonry o last a thousand years, it seats 10,- indications of a boom beginning farm land prices. Farm labor was generally scarcer ovver the country. Defense industry and high wages lured seasonal workers from agricultural pursuits. Education and demo- By JOHN GKOVER Education as a vital force in demo- Municipally Owned vould destroy religion uou UIMIIO- „,.„„ , , ., . i-acy " ,. I C)ae .V had its chance to prove its There was interest in the announc-' ,, P rac } lc « l valu , e during 1941. when ed religious revival in Russia after " ie , ^ nol( f el "l >h ««w '» Federall-sup- the United States and the U S S • • edu( ' a]tlolli 'l Programs was on n. found common cause in defeat of iramm S-tor-defense. the axis. Freedom of sia definitely Scans, Soring brought a box-office slump which alarmed. the town, but slump turned into boom as better films anc defense spending met under the marquees. A senate subcommittee investigated alleged war propaganda in films unearthed mainly the fact that isolationist senators participating had seen few of the films in question. Film labor leaders George Browne and William Bioff, long-time cars over industry workmen in the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage employes, had their regin ended by their conviction in New York on charges of extorting some 5500,000 from film producers as the price of labor peace. Joseph M. Schenck, film mogul, was sentenced to three years in prison and a $20,000 fine on conviction of income tax evasion. Orson Welles, 2G, awoke new in- :erest in cinema experimentation with lis controversial "Citizen Kane," and the one-man-band idea of film production gained favor with films by Welles, Preston Sturges, John Huston ind others. The war turned Hollywood into a knitting, war relief party, soldiei- entertaining center. Hollywood sent ts own James Stewart, Garson Kanin iiid other selectees, and reserves in- luding Douglas Fairbanks jr., Ro- terl Montgomery and John Ford in- o active service. Production was be- inning to be bit, though slightly, y defense needs. New star arrivals: Rita Hay worth, .ana Turner, Veronica Lake. Choice tongs KROGER'S TENDERAY II SIRLOIN. Ib. 39c KROGER'S TENDERAY THICKRIB ROAST... lb.27c Picnics Science The U. S. Office of Education re- Hunnr was not lacking. In the heat of the National baseball league's pennant race, a Brooklyn clergyman distributed $125 to his congregation to bet on the Brooklyn Dodgers. The Dodgers won—and the church got u It 1'. M. to S 1». M. 5 HOURS ONLY-SAT. JAN, lOfh F D F F 3 Pdirs L °d'es' First Quality I I /"t r< r- l\ C C SERVICE WEIGHT HOSE HOSE 3 P. M. to 8 P. M. OK TWO PAIRS PUKE SILK CHIFFON GUAR- ANTEKD FIRST QUAUTY KINGLESS HOSE— |)ico( lop. open well, French heels, nuwi-sl shades, sizes 8'/2 Io mi — Present this certificate and 99c and receive a large box of Lady Helen Face Powder, a large bottle exquisite Gardenia Perfume free, and we will give you three pairs of Ladies' First Quality Hose. Remember, you get three pairs of hosiery. If you can not come Ihcse hours, leave 99c al our store before sale and your set will be laid aside. $5 value for 99c for all five articles wilh this certificate. IJjiiii 2 .sets to u customer. Mail orders add Ific. YOU PAY ONLY fur all FIVE Articles and This Ad. 99c John P. Cox Drug Co. 1, 1941. Estimates put the number of "old grads" in mechanical vocations at 2,250,000 by New Year's Day. Educators set considerable store by "trends" in statistical analysis of school enrollments. The defense boom, offering outsize wages to youtlhs, contributed materially to the drop in secondary school and college enrollment. The Office of Education pointed out that U. S. colleges had made an important contribution to national defense in the 76,000 Reserve Officers Training Camp graduates inducted into the army. The report of the Education bureau also mentioned that national defense had drawn heavily on faculties of U. S. colleges for technical experts in various lints. The defense note was heavily emphasized in the reorganization of elementary, secondary and unviersity curricula. Courses placed new emphasis on the values of democracy, citizenship, health education and the betterment tionships. of Latin-American rela- Towai-d the end of the year, President Roosevelt asked the' schools of the coutry Io organize programs of public discussion to help citizens more intelligently to understand the cur- By HOWARD W. BLAKESI.KE About one-third of America's scientific works of 1941 was veiled in military t-ecrecy. But the other two-thirds was extraordinary in its own right. A new era in medical puzzles began with photographing the flu virus with an electron microscope. It is u molecule, a particle so tin> that dozens of them appear on photographic plate which enlarges an original field only ten millionths oi an inch in diameter. The important fact, however, is that this particle, which killed 20,000,000 persons in about one year, owes its deadliness to its struclure. Microbes produce poisons. The flue particle has a different and more puzzling way of killing. Other events: Magnesium from sea water at Freeport, Texas; plasma sub- tituted for blood in human transfusions. The smallest amount uf light ;he eye can just see was measured. It was 10 microns, or 10 units of energy. Astronomers discovered iron in the spaces between stars. Hibernation, or iced sleep, cured some cases of mental trouble. Flies were found to carry the virus of infantile paralysis. (This virus is not greatly larger than tliut of flue.) Nurse Kenny inaugurated a hot pack trealment for infantile paralysis which is new in America. Another new use for sulfanilaim'de was made. Sulfanilamide, applied to to plants, grew bigger onions in a l University of Chicago experiment. A new B vitamin restored natural color to gray hair. Whether it works, RUSSETS or TRIMPH Seedless 80's 5 for ruit Texas 288's Pork Chops Special Sliced Bacon Tenderoy Beef Lb. J ft Short Ribs IOC SEA BASS Steaks APPLES Winesap 14 Royal Red Catsup oz. Bot 10c Country Club Can Tomato Soup Doz. RICH IN VITAMINS A AND D GUARANTEED! Kroger's Country Club BUTTER Pound Carton CLOVER VALLEY SALAD DRESSING Quart FANCY HARD 10 oz. CANDIES MAKE CLEAR TEA without a single "speck"! KROGER'S MAY GARDENS ORANGE PEKOE AND PEKOE TEAJAGS 50 bags 49c 12 oz. Bag MARSHMALLOW 1(k 1 Med. IVORY SOAP DEAL 1 IG. BAR IVORY IQc Ic BARS 2 KRQGER'S INRICHID BREAD 20 oz. Loaves K.J.CAPUN6EiUr.,Mkr. Mgr, CECIt W, DENNIS, Gro, Mgr, KROGER IWIS AMAZING GUA«4VTHT 3wy any Kroger brand item. Like it a» v«U 95 or beticr than any other, or return unused portion in original container and get FREE came item in any brand we sell, regardless oi price.
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