Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 8, 1942 · Page 5
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, January 8, 1942
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Page 5
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Tti""joy, Jonugry 0 ilpeiP Roll to Record Vital Needs of United States Are Guaranteed HOPE STAR, HOPtr, ARKANSAS » MUCIIMORB YORK-Aflcr M , H fr| cl ,H „ year as ever experienced in its recent history, the American oil indu.s- Mechanized warfare m,d naval do-sign have made petroleum „„ udjlmcl of buttle U s vital as 8U11 » nm , , J(I || t , [s Ih Americans Spent An Exciting Year in 1941 Business oil resource.s on oarth, production records in 1941 ,,li the . w , .,„ output of about 1,380,000,000 barrels of ,| the black gold. This surpasses bined ' On ° f "" ""'"'' M1 " iims That output, both government and _ industry officials say, will be Increased in 1942. vastly y . Even so, it was predicted. Sunday I motoring untl „„„.,. noil , issontial ^ I of pertroleiim miiy be limited for just I as was demonstrated in the las lyea'r j oil does not distribute itself to its < "f er jV " '"""I be shipped by tanker', pipeline and railroad. v - Transfer of HI) tankers to British u.se »} the past year, created a shoring,- of oil transportation facilities to the Ensl coast during the summer. This situation was relieved by ' the y e return of some <if (he borrowed 'ships but in the meantime, the indus- terminal facilities which available for emergencies Due to the nation's tremendously increased military aviation and the'con- seqtient demand for 101) octane gaso- r) lme industry experts predict that * the high octane rating of gasoline for automobiles will be reduced during the next few months. At the end of that time, however it is considered likely that at least some. of 21 plants now under construction «j ,for the manufacture of 100-octane gasoline components will be in production and this situation may be reliev- the industry has as- % CI.A11DK A. JAGORR The American economy began 19<11 planning to hnve both guns and butler, nnd breaking all records in buying luxurious sinew lo produce guns, just guns, regardless of what happens to the luxuries of everyday living. The year 1941 saw the United States trying to cut and fit o wartime economy, to harness its mighty production machine, developed In peacetime to turn out nearly half the world's man ufaclures. That stubborn problem of depression years, excess capacity, was quickly replaced by shortages of machines, men and materials. Sweeping, if sometimes hailing, progress had been made by Dec, 7, when bombs fell on Pearl Harbor, and threw America's war effort into high gear. S'teel production ran at practical capacity throughout most of the year, causing an annual outturn of close to 83,000,000 tons, a quarter more than 1940, two-thirds more than 1939. Use of many non-ferrous metals was stopped, or several restricted, for non- mililary purposes. The government successfully placed price ceilings on a number qf industrial products, but food, imported products, and wages rose sharply. Living costs advanced about 9 percent during the year, but hourly wage rales in many industries rose even more sharply. As the year drew to a close, more drastic government measures lo control costs, siphon off earnings and income in taxes, are i were in preparation. Women ed. In any case, , - sured the Army and Navy. United Stales fliers will receive all they can ' use of the best flying fuel .science can produce. Formosa i.s the oldest colony of Japan and probably the most useful economically. Men, Women Over 40 Don't Be Weak, Old C 1 6 vH Fe PPy» Ne w. Years Younger i!«nS S.1Iii l 'V. «"'"f,V" l i l!CI "-' ri ! 1 tol>l "i. atimuiuiits '''''' •— cluni iilmsj doctor nfiur -10—l;v bullion luckl'nii Irun. tm- i»l(i unit Ylinmln HI. A 7,'1-yt'nr ' • n: "It dUl HO much (or HUIUMUH, I — —.... ...,.1-n, ,,. \mi (,i, iiiut;[[ ]or nuiKMllft 1 tnnk IJ^YlSil.-..^;."!^ (eclliiK pi'uplvr uud yi'iirx voun'u'rr. iliia my'illy! For icilp at al. good drug stores every( wherp—in Hope, at Cox and Gibson Drug. By ADELAIDE KERR War came to women in 1941. And Ihey rolled up their sleeves to play a greater part in the United Slales' affairs than ever before. Over a million knit socks, rolled bandages and studied first aid under the direction of the Red Cross. Thousands more took courses in fire fighting, air rai precaution, nutrition, and physical fitness and learned to pilot planes, drive trucks and assemble their motors. Hundreds of thousands of women all over the country went to work in Uncle Sam's defense. Still others, headed by the First Lady, Mrs. Roosevelt, filled important key posts in the nation's defense program. Another group filled men's jobs „-.--, in industrial establishments, helping make gas masks, airplanes, blimps and gasoline tanks. Even women whose work kept them at home played a part in the defense program, as the new interest in dietetics and nutrition revealed the importance of their jobs at kitchen sink and stove to the nation's welfare. In politics, too, women played an active role. In New York state more women ran for municipal office, and Tu more wore elected, than ever before— a fact which women's group leaders said was indicative of condition; throughout the country. Women left their mark in tho business world. Thpy filled important jobs and made contributions to industries producing olectrical equipment, rubber goods and aluminum ware. They also played a big part in the drive to establish New York as the fashion center of Ihe world and left two important results on the mode— (1) zip and glamour in wartime fashions and (2) more colored dresses to replace the once-favored black. The Arts By JOHN SELBV If you try to put the year into perspective so far as the arts go, you see two things clearly—trends, and total circulation. And you see that in the three major departments, music, books and the graphic arts, there have been no new trends at all, unless an enormous department store campaign to soil an enormous number of very tony objects of art indicates thai the hush- hush atmosphere which once surrounded these tings has been banished. The book world continued the trend ; t established three years ago, which is toward books which interpret the world cataclysm for the average man. And this year the vogue for books by foreign correspondents, which is u part of the trend, reached a great climax in William L. Shirer's Diary." 'Berlin The world of music also continued along HIP line it established before the war broke out, which is toward a wider use- of music by Americans, and as a corollary of the Good Neighbor policy, increased interest in Latin American music and performers. This .summer, also, South America was deluged with artists usually connected with North America. And the graphic arts ran true to form, also. There has been a'slacken- ing of interest in the decadent phases of painting particularly notable for some seasons, and it continued to be notable this season. Circulation tells a different story. Excepting the graphic arts, the tendency is toward expansion and very definitely. War docs not black out music even in countries under blackout restrictions such as England. Nor does it lead concert managers to cancel dates, or new coat of paint. Labor »y JOHN GROVKK Organized labor hit and held thp headlines through 1911. Strikes came often in the 11 months preceding the outbreak of war. CIO nnd AFL alike tested burgeoing strength in « series of bitter-end .show downs that threatened mnn-day-lost records set in 1937. the sitdown strike year. The country, as reflected in con- gross, showed growing concern in. Hoy industries in the munitions-for- (lefense effort were shut down or slowed. The ycnr saw repeal of the Neutrality Act, n crucial lest of the administration foreign policy, threatened by defection of congressmen dissatisfied with federal labor policies. Only President Roosevelt's last-minute personal appeal, hinting at antistrike legislation to come, won a small majority for the repealer. John L. Lewis, big boss of the CIO Mine Workers, flouted five requests from Roosevelt before agreeing to arbitrate the close dshop issue in steel- mill-owned coal mines. The whole steel-for-defense program was periled before Lewis finally agreed. His union won the decision. Wages during the year showed workmen. Wages were specifically exempt from anti-inflation legislation under consideration. The federal government in June took over the North American plane plant in Inglewood, Cal., to end a dispute that had halted warplane building. Troops were used again to end disputes in the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock plant at Kearny, N. J., at the Air Associates, Inc., plant at Bendix, N. J., and remained a potent threat against long deadlocks. Prom January through September, last month nationwide figures were available, strikes cost 19,012,564 man- days of work in 3,297 walkouts affecting 1,8G8,841 workers. After America entered the war spokesmen for labor and industry met to arrange for the prevention of any work stoppage during the war. rent national problems. Sports PAGE on all cases isn't known yet. Silver linings were made for. cup rims to keep them permanently sterilized. A new- kind of glass was made, without silica. A new kind of photographic film was discovered—it contains no silver grains. n.V DILL10N GRAHAM The year's biggest sports story— one months— was that lasted some six Farming By JOHN GKOVER American farmers collected a whopping $11,200,000,000 for 1941 crops—a concert audiences to give up sub- " mg ^'^"W^ 'or ™« crops-a scriplions. The- recently 8 h^posed war ! ''^rd-and expected a $13.000,000,0$) tax- has hiwl nnlv ; , c i;,,i,< „<•<•„„< „,, layoff m 1942. tax has had only a slight, effect on the current music season. That was the big farm news of BLUE PLATE Mayonnaise Guaranteed Ffesb ... Buy the Economical Pint Size MADE BY THE WESSON Oil PEOPtE NOTICE To Water Consumers Water consumers in Hope should take precautions to prevent the freezing of house plumbing. Either shut off water at house cut off (not at meter as this does not drain pipes) or let the water run a tiny stream at each faucet. Under no circumstances build fires or use heat in the meter box. To do so will not restore your service in most cases, but will always damage the meter. Hope Water & Light Plant ic current music season. ,„;. _, .,, , . — = — Increase of concert business lhlgl W«-Still bigger news was the depart, year over 1940 is greater than the T" , agnculUlr< : I> lan , , r ° r 1942 - Un ' considerable increase of 1940 over the!™ 1 ' l le 1 ^ m11 Jf. t V S °f world emcr Bency. preceding year-and this can be tran-' C1 ?" de R - Wickard, secretary of agri- slated directly into audience interest. 1 ruU V Tr % pl , anned U T revolutlon An the same is true of books. Thei'°£ ?\?.- I*™ " GXt Tf' houses with "Berlin Diaries" and I Established crops and farm practices "For Whom the Bell Tolls" (still go- j £J' e tclledul c d \°. g° 'V the boards, ing strong, hy the. way) naturally! ? ew craps , £or hl g n - ene ''8y, balanced have enormously increased business i dlct! ! ° n .^ e . P roduction " nd fighting But substantial houses with unspecta- fronls W ,'.". ^ encouraged Some old cular lists are mostly ahead of last C ''° pS T", be sharply curtnlled ' others oxpdnuGci. Food-for-defensc has been , claration of wa'r with" Japan did "no ?" " ^^-by-comly basis. Goals more than stagger the arts for the, h ™° !j eon ^V" "very county. Act- moment. Los Angeles considered plans' ua " y ll » muu » ls( f n nalionwidc plan- to have its symphony concerts in Ihe »ecl economy, with 11^ slress on food.' afternoon to avoid blackout trouble, i'"M-U '" I > T and in Sacramento Vladimir Horow-l •! V ' ?ggS ' P ' ,.'• V ilz was compelled to repeat the first' m]s ~^ KC arc ™">modit.es half of a recital program because a blackout delayed the audience an hour. Things like that. The odd thing is that even the de- — Brooklyn's battle with St. Louis for the National League baseball pen- ant. The Dodgers won. in the closing days and then were beaten, four games to one, by the New York Yankees, who came back to dominate the American league again. Mickey Owen of the Dodgers became the series goat by dropping the third strike on the Iliird out in the ninth inning of the fourth game. Joe DiMaggio's 5C-game consecutive fitting record and Ted Williams' 400G baiting splurge were other highlights. Boxing's highlight was flashed the night Billy Conn almost beat Joe Louis. Out front on points after a dozen rounds, Conn finally was clipped and knocked out in the 13th. Louis won six other heavyweight title defenses, including a six-round kayo of Lou Nova with what Louis termed the hardest punch he ever threw. Whirlaway was turf's top name through moat of the year, winning the famed triple crown with triumphs in the Derby, Preakness and Belmont, (hen beaten surprisingly three times in later starts. His wins boosted him into third place among the all-time money-winners. Alsab, a two-year- old which had been bought practically for a song, became the late season hit. Market Wise was another bargain-counter racer that stood out, winning the Pimlico Special. Craig Wood, runner-up for every major crown, finally hit the jackpot in golf, winning the Open championship, Marvin Ward topped the amateurs, Mrs. Betty Hicks Newell paced Ihe women, and Vic Ghezxi copped the PGA. Bobby Riggs regained the men's singles tennis tille as Sarah Palfrey Cooke won the women's crown. Movies Radio By C. K. BUTTERPIELD Radio's prime theme for 1941 was defense-for 1942 it's stil Idefense, but more aptly victory-defense. As the new year opens radio is doing its part in total war to a much greater extent than was possible in the first world war. Not only does it make inter-world communication possible on a larger scale than ever, but it has become valuable in linking tanks and other mobile units with headquarters and with each other. H is just as vital on the sea as m the air through its ability to span distance without physical connection. Just how much radio is doing in war and battle can be surmised only from the progress it has made in other fields. Tlie sole important development revealed was its use in spotting enemy planes throng a locator device based on the known theory of wave reflection on the higher frequencies. This device, it has lately- been hinted, was an aid in repelling the German air blitz on the British isles. Meanwhile, broadcasting had its own skirmishes. There was the ten-month music fee row with the American bociety of Composers, Authors and Publishers, which finally ended'with a nine-year contract that settled most if not all of the differences. Then there was the situation which developed over the monopoly report of the Federal Communications Commission which resulted in new rules for the networks and included a regulation which sought to eliminate ownership by the National Broadcasting company of two networks. As the yea* ended, the whole question seemed approaching a clarification after cottM action was started and NBC took steps looking toward a splitup of Its two networks. Future status of the new unpredicatable with the country at MEALS TASTE BETTER WHEN YOU SERVE BLUE RIBBON BREAD AT YOUR GROCERS CITY BAKERY Religion By RAY PEACOCK Material and spiritual gains were recorded by the Church in 1941, a year in which the nations clergy saw quickened interest in religion because of unrest brought by war. A headline event was the opening of Ihe full nave of the Cathedral of Si. John the Divine in New York, $20,000,000 edifice building since 1925 and still not completed. A tenth of a mile long, made entirely of masonry to last a thousand years, it seats 10,- ed vita). To encourage production, Wickard fixed parity prices on dairy, pork and egg products. It amounts to a federal guarantee to farmers to go ahead with expanded output. Wheat acreage in 1942 is to be .vharply reduced to 5,000,000 acres from a five-year average planting of 72,000,000 acres. Soybean and peanut acre age will be doubled, will help take the place of reduced cotton and tobacco acreage in the south. The 1942 slaughter of hogs is expected to be 79,000,000 animals, up from the average of 63,000,000. There'll be a 3,000,00 boost to 28,000,000 in beef slaughter under the program. Farm prices generally showed a steady increase through 1941. The federal land banks reported unprecedented inquiries and applica- iaai u ii!uu.*>timi years, ll seats IV),- *' H-^^CHLCM iui]uii ifs uuu uppiica- and is the largest Gothic cathedral J t' ons ^ or f'»'in lands. There were in the world. Yet it has no member- I indications of a boom beginning in ship roll and no parish boundaries. ^ arnl 'and prices. Farm labor was generally scarcer ovver the country. Defense industry and high wages lured seasonal workers from agricultural pursuits. Municipally Owned The war was reflected in numerous statements of faith. William Cardinal D'C'onnell said that life today would ;e intolerable if it were not for the lope that the religious spirit would eventually overcome warring and ma- Lerialistic elements. Governor Herbert, Lehman of New York, a Jew as-1 sorted thai Ihe common fighl of all ' churches" was "against those who would destroy religion and democracy There Education By JOHN GKOVER -f 3 , vUal f ° (rC ° '" den V lts chance to prove its practical value during 1941 when ' . ' By ROBBIN COONS Hollywood, often guilty of providing ils customers with dull moments, had few for itself in 1941. Selling and distribution of films were revolutionized by the "consent decree" which settled government anti-trust suits against major film companies. Block-booking (an entire year's product sold in advance) was replaced by package bookings—blocks of no more than five films could be sold at one time, all films to be shown to exhibitors before sale. Immediate effects: a rush of production, a competitive struggle for quality films, for slar names to lure purchasers, and a trend toward lessening the number of "B" or second-grade films produced. Soring brought a box-office slump which alarmed. the town, but slump turned into boom as better films and defense spending met under the marquees. A senate subcommittee investigated alleged war propaganda in films, unearthed mainly the fact lhat isola- lionisl senators participating had seen few of the films in question. Film labor leaders George Browne and William Bioff, long-time cars over industry workmen in the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage employes, had their regin ended by their conviction in New York on charges of extorting some $500,000 from film producers as the price of labor peace. Joseph M. Schenck, film mogul, was sentenced to three years in prison and a ?i!0,000 fine on conviction of income tax evasion. Orson Welles, 2G, awoke new in- leresl in cinema experimentation with his controversial "Citizen Kane," and the one-man-band idea of film production gained favor with films by Welles, Preston Sturges, John Huston and others. The war turned Hollywood into a knitting, war relief party, soldier- entertaining center. Hollywood sent its own James Stewart, Garson Kanin and other selectees, and reserves including Douglas Fairbanks jr., Robert Montgomery and John Ford into active service. Production was beginning to be hit, though slightly, y defense needs. New star arrivals: Rita Hay worth, Lana Turner, Veronica Lake. ' KROGER *^^ I'll: take the beef that's TENDEW SPEEDS UP NATURAL TENDERING-U-TIMES, OUTMODED WASTEFUL AGEING, CONSERVES VALUABLE JUICES, REDUCES, LOSS OF NATURAL VITAMINS. KROGER'S TENDERAY IS THE WORLD'S ONLY GOVERNMENT PATENTED METHOD OF TENDERING FRESH BEEF GRADE FOR GRADE, NO OTHER BEEF SO FRESH CAN BE SO TENDER! THIS CLAIM CANNOT BE- TRUTHFULLY MADE FOR ANY OTHER BEEF. SOID EXCLUSIVELY BY Alt KROGER MEAT MARKETS! KROGER'S i TEHDERAY GUARANTEED TfNDflN ALWAYS POPULAR PRICED 1 j KROGER'S TENDERAY Choice SIRLOIN. Ik 39c KROGER'S TENDERAY THICKRIB ROAST... lb.27c Iu19k Country Club O Smqll or 3 : Ig. 24c Science . , , . , pracca vaue during 1941 when ere was interest m the announc- ,1' ..,,, ]A , . . %, j , '.. i. • i . ,-. ,, tne whole emphasis in Federall-sun- - " ''™'"» - - sia, the While House announced, "is definitely on its way." Many Americans, however, found the about-face hard to believe. Hum-jr was not lacking. In the heat of the National baseball league's pennant race, a Brooklyn clergyman distributed $125 to his congregation to bet on the Brooklyn Dodgers. The Dodgers won—and the church got a 5 HOURS ONLY-SAT. JAN. lOfh 3 P. M. to 8 P. M. F D C C K t C 3 Pairs Ladies' Firsr Quality SERVICE WEIGHT HOSE HOSE OK TWO PAIRS PUKE SILK CHIFFON GUARANTEED 1--IKST QUALITY KINGLESS HOSE— jiicol top, open welt, French heels, newest shades, si/.cs S'/i; to 10Vi — Present this certificate and 99c and receive a large box of Lady Helen Face Powder, u large bottle exquisite Gardenia Perfume free, ajid we will give you three pairs of Ladies' First Quality Hose. Remember, you get three pairs of hosiery. If you can not come these hours, leave 99c at our store before sale and your set will be laid aside. $5 value fur i)9c for all five articles with this certificate. Ijjuit 2 sets to a customer. Mail orders udd IQc. YOU PAY ONLY for all FIVE Articles and This Ad. John P. Cox Drug Co. of scarcity in machine skills gave 1,800,000 men training in necessary defense techniques through September 1, 1941. Estimates put the number of "old grads" in mechanical vocations at 2,250,000 by New Year's Day. Educators set considerable store by "trends" in statistical analysis of school enrollments. The defense boom, offering outsize wages to youtlhs, contributed materially to the drop in secondary school and college enrollment. The Office of Education pointed out that U. S'. colleges had made an important contribution to national defense in the 76,000 Reserve Officers Training Camp graduates inducted into the army. The report of Ihe Education bureau also mentioned thai national defense had drawn heavily on faculties of U. S. colleges for technical experts in various lints. The defense note was heavily emphasized in the reorganization of elementary, secondary and unviersity curricula. Courses placed new emphasis on the values of democracy, citizenship, health education and the betterment of Latin-American relationships. Toward the end of the year, President Roosevelt asked the schools of the coutry to organize programs of public discussion to help citizens more intelligently to understand the cur- By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE About one-third of America's .seicn- lific works of 1941 was veiled in military fecrecy. But Ihe other two-thirds was extraordinary in its own right. A new era in medical puzzles began with photographing the flu virus with an electron microscope. It is a molecule, a particle so tiny that dozens of them appear on a photographic plate which enlarges an original field only ten millionths of an inch in diameter. The important fact, however, is that this particle, which killed 20,000,000 persons in about one year, owes its deadliness to its structure. Microbes produce poisons. The flue particle has a different and more puzzling way of killing. Other events: Magnesium from sea water at Freeport, Texas; plasma sub- tituted for blood in human transfusions. The smallest amount of licM 'he eye can just see was measured. It was 10 microns, or 10 units of energy Astronomers discovered iron in the spaces between stars. Hibernation, or iced sleep, cured some cases of mental trouble. Flies were found to carry the virus of infantile paralysis. (This virus is not greatly larger than thyt of flue.) Nurse Kenny inaugurated a hot pack treatment for infantile paralysis which is new in America. Another new use for sulfanilamide was made. Sulfanilamide, applied to to plants, grew bigger onions in a ; University of Cliicago experiment. A new B vitamin restored natural color to gray hair. Whether it works. RUSSETS or TRIMPH Seedless 80's. 5 for Grapefruit Picnics Pork Chops Lb. Special Sliced Bacon Tenderay Beef Lb. Short Ribs SEA BASS Steaks APPLES Oranges Winesap Doz. -•' Royal Red 14 oz. A ft Catsup Bat lU Country Club Can Tomato Soup RICH IN VITAMINS A AND D GUARANTEED I Kroger's Country Club BUTTER Pound Carton CLOVER VALLEY SALAD DRESSING Quart FANCY HARD (ANDIES... MAKE CLEAR TEA without a single "speck"! K R 0 C E R ' S MAY GARDENS ORANGE PEKOE AND PEKOE TEA BAGS 50 bags IVOKY SOAP DEAL ] Med. 1 LG. BAR IVORY IQc Ic CANDY BARS 2for* XROGER'S INRICHED BREAD 20 oz. Loaves K. J. CAPLINGER Jr., Mkt Mgr, CECIt W, DENNIS, Gro. Mgr, KROGER •• • - ••'-'-f "•'•;•"-"-"»""'•" aij.i.iiijii!L i-im™™*9 ,.n. •"-W->'T!' 1 >';"»*HMi!'<w*^™^^^ppRI«JgpJJ|p ACCEPT THIS AMAZING GUARANTEE! any Kroger brand item. Like it as •^/ »s or better than any other, or return unused >§3KS£?1 P0">oo in original container and get FREg •*^'<KZ*A fame jum jn any bran(J we sell rjgjfdijjj p f • -

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