The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana on May 15, 1978 · Page 11
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The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana · Page 11

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Indianapolis, Indiana
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Monday, May 15, 1978
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Page 11
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p. ? B MAGAZINE SOUNDS WARNING jr, TO 41 Misery Loves Company? If company is any consolation to the thousands of race fans Sunday at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the National Weather Service provided this satellite picture showing rain clouds over a large portion of the Eastern United States. Heavy overcast clouds associated with an intense Trials Continued From Page 1 states," said Penske. "But since this is an FIA-sanctioned event (Federation de International Automobile), it seems like some sort of concessions could be made so the fastest man would get a shot at the pole," His driver, currently second In the world standings for Colin Chapman and Team Lottis, went a bit further in his views, f .. "I donX see why when we talk to a group, be it USAC, NASCAR or the Speedway Jt nobody is willing to yield," offered Andretti. "But neither side is willing to help the other, and we end up catching it on the chin because of the weather. ? Crowd ' Continued From Page 1 splattered white Firebird was pulled over by three state troopers, who made the four occupants empty what was left of their beer and rum. "They were spinning and .turning wheelies," explained one trooper. "We were Just afraid they were going to hurt someone." The Speedway Hospital did little business Sunday. Officials reported tending mainly to cut fingers and headaches. Things got so quiet by 2 p.m. that some Cubans Continued From Page 1 turn back guerrillas trying to infiltrate their lines. But he said Palestinian commando teams would sneak through anyway for attacks inside Israel. IN AN INTERVIEW with the English-language weekly Monday Morning, Blast Continued From Page 1 Anderson city police laboratory for testing, Elliott said. The house had been under surveillance about two months, Elliott said. A search warrant was obtained last week on information a drug buy had been made there. Why the dynamite was kept there is not clear, but Jeter and Miss Allred were charged with one count of possession of an illegal explosive and two counts of possession of a controlled substance. They were being held in the Delaware County Jail Sunday awaiting court appearances. Fans Continued From Page 1 late as Saturday night. "We had a full house, about 700 people, with us for the weekend," Joe Kramer, front desk clerk at the Holiday Inn, 6330 Debonair Lane, explained. "Practically none of our guests checked out until Sunday morning." Kramer said. "All they talked about was 'the lousy weather,' and most of the fans held high hopes for sunshine Sunday. Surprisingly, although they naturally were disappointed, everyone took it in good spirit and with humor. Most of them wanted reservations for next weekend but we, like the other motels and hotels here, are booked solid." Outside Indianapolis, the rain brought predictions of flooding streams from the weather service. "High waters along the Wabash River from Lafayette to New Harmony will affect some lowlands during the next several days," the report said. At Terre Haute, the Wabash was 14.2 feet and rising. It is expected to crest at 16 feet today, surpassing the flood stage of 14 feet. The east fork of the White River at Seymour reached 13.7 feet and was rising Sunday. It is expected to pass the flood stage of 14 feet this morning. Some lowlands and roads along White River will be flooded during the next several days, the forcast said. These are at Edwardsport, Petersburg, Elliston and Hazelton. SCRAPPED WITH B-l New Controversy-The FUFO Bomb Washington (UPI) Now that you've lived through the missile gap, and survived the neutron-bomb crisis, you should get ready for the FUFO controversy. 3 Cambodians Dead In Thai Border Clash Bangkok, Thailand (AP) Three Cambodian soldiers were reported killed Sunday in a clash with Thai border police ' near the frontier village of Ban Kao Not bout 135 miles east of Bangkok, i Thai police said the three Cambodians were killed in a land-mine explosion and that they were part of a 50-man contingent. They said the battle lasted 15 minutes, but there were no other reports of casualties. Thai and Cambodian leaders met in Phnom Penh in February to try to end , the border hostilities but fighting along 1 the frontier has continued. - y.rt is storm were recorded at noon Sunday over the Northeast, Oreat Lakes and Midwest regions. Although the first weekend of qualifications was rained out, the weatherman predicts only a 30 percent chance of rain next weekend. (AP Wirephoto) "WHY NOT extend the weekend to Monday or Tuesday and consider the first weekend complete? Not just for my benefit, because there are plenty of teams that would agree if you took a vote." Mario said this was a problem that has been hanging over him for almost a year. He said he talked with Chief Steward Tom Binford about some possible rule changes last season, but nothing ever came of it. "If it rains next weekend, and I hope it does, they'll (the Speedway management) have to make provisions," Andretti said. "If the race Is rained out, it will be run the following day, so I see no reason these people couldn't be more flexible with qualifying. hospital personnel found time to play cards. The only notable injury was to an unidentified crewman, who suffered a possible broken jaw in a fight off the Speedway grounds, said Dr. Thomas A. Hanna, the track's medical director. The man left In a hurry to catch a plane to Florida, promising to have the jaw looked after once he gets there, he said. Otherwise, as one member of the Speedway safety patrol put it, "It's too d- cold to fight." Mohsen said the PLO had no plans to set up permanent bases in areas vacated by Israeli invasion troops because it did not want to get caught "in the jaws of the pincer, with the Israelis ahead of us and the U.N. forces behind us." Mohsen, who is also head of the pro-Syrian Saiqa guerrilla faction, told the magazine the PLO is "not in need of additional forces from the outside at this time." But he added: "Should we need help in the future, there is nothing to prevent us from asking for help from any friendly country. Cuba is a friend and would not turn down our request." He denied right-wing news reports also discounted by Western diplomats that Cuban troops already were in the south. There has been no reported U.N.Palestinian fighting in the southwest since a May 2 battle near the port of Tyre. Three U.N. soldiers were killed in that clash and French peacekeeping forces later halted their patrols of the area. Residents of the town said the patrols resumed Sunday. BOMBER Partisans of the Air Force accuse Secretary of Defense Harold Brown of being dangerously complacent about the FUFO and failing to fight for it when it was deleted by the White House budget cutters. FUFO is the acronym for the Full Fusing Option B-77 nuclear bomb, also known In Air Force jargon as "dial-a-yield." It is a sophisticated nuclear warhead,1 attached to a parachute that keeps the bomb in the air long enough for the airplane that dropped it to get out of range. It works like this: Before the bomb is dropped, the pilot Identifies the target and then dials in the size of explosion needed to destroy it. The explosive range is from tens of kilotons (a kiloton is equivalent to 1.000 tons of TNT) to about one megaton (a million tons of TNT), according to Air 3 "They're not strapped in here, they've got the most time of any event. ' THE 38-YEAR-OLD driver's disappointment was evident, but he was not talking like a sore loser. "If I wanted a special day because I had to go play in a golf tournament, it would be different," he said. "But I feel if you have a legitimate excuse, you should be granted some racing courtesy. Nobody wants this type of situation to happen." The three-time USAC champion was asked if he might forego the second day of practice at Belgium to get back in time. "No, you've got to have the benefit of both days," he answered. "You could be on the front row on Friday and not even in the field after Saturday if the weather would change." A.J. FOYT WAS faced with a problem similar to Mario's, but everything turned out fine for the only four-time Indy winner. Foyt was on the pole of the NASCAR race Sunday in Talladega, but he originally planned to skip the stackers and remain here. But Tex looked over the overcast skies Sunday morning, dashed out to a private plane and made it to Alabama nine minutes before the green flag. He wound up third. So it would appear at the moment that Allison will qualify the No. 7 Gould Charge and Andretti will race it providing, of course, that Bobby makes the lineup. The rule book states that anyone assuming a car qualified by another driver must start the race from the outside of the 11th row. "But it's better than not starting at all," Mario reasoned. The only other May like this was in 1969, when Jigger Sirois made the sole qualifying attempt to no avail. Rain checks from either Saturday or Sunday will be honored this weekend. Bitter Nuclear Power Battle Giving California's Governor Headaches By JOHN F. FIALKA WAIHINOTON ttM Sacramento, Calif. Three years ago the lobbyists, lawyers and business executives who regularly do business with the state here began passing around copies of a book, E. F. Schumachers' "Small Is Beautiful." Reading it was for many of them a strange, somewhat painful experience because Schumacher opposed much of the large-scale technology they had been lobbying to nourish and protect over the years. Nonetheless the book had to be read because the state's new governor, Edmund G Brown Jr., had been waving it at people, explaining that the answers to many of the state's pressing problems were contained inside. "I wanted to know what Brown was talking about," explained R. Denis Rich-ter, a vice president of the San Diego Gas St Electric Co. He concluded that Schumacher's theory was fine as long as you were talking about a "Third World Country." Richter was convinced it could never be applied to California. THAT WAS THREE years ago. Since then Richter's utility company has gone through a unique series of bureaucratic agonies in an attempt to get state approval for "Sundesert," a site In the Mojave Desert nearly 200 miles east of San Diego. Force Magazine. Air Force spokesmen say FUFO was tailored to fit the B-l manned bomber, a program which was scrapped by President Carter last year. When the manned bomber program was scrapped, so was FUFO. But FUFO supporters, including Air Force Magazine and Sen. S.I. Hayakawa (R-Calif.) say the bomb would increase the chances of survival of other American aircraft, as well as being safer to store, since it is Invulnerable to accidental detonation or sabotage. The FUFO, according to its supporters, can be released from altitudes as low as 100 feet, which means the plane can come so low it wouldn't be detected by enemy radar and would be relatively safe from anti-aircraft guns or missiles. Present nuclear bombs require the pilots to be at least 200 feet high, increasing their vulnerability. Police-Firemen Pensions Pose Bankruptcy Threat For Cities? Washington (UPI) Pension plans for policemen and firemen spell bankruptcy for many cities across America unless the pattern of "promise now, pay later" ends, Police magazine reports. . The magazine's May issue said the causes of the problem vary and that a number of solutions are available. At least two cities that faced immediate crises got help from the outside. Told the city faced bankruptcy, voters in Oakland, Calif, modified the firemen and police pension system to exclude newly hired employees and got the state to include new employees in the state plan. Washington, DC, where Congress mandated a generous pension system that cost the city millions, is getting help from Congress. BUT MANY CITIES don't have such options available, and these communities will have to revamp pension systems from within, writer John Blackmore said in an article entitled: "Pensions: Something Has Got to Give." (Indianapolis Police Chief Eugene Gallagher said the pension system has had no adverse effects on this city's budget. ("Most organizations here have recognized that funding of police and firemen pensions is an ever-increasing problem," he said. "There are pension-reform attempts here that would stop pensioners from receiving increases when pay raises are approved; however, we as police officers are against that kind of reform. ("OUR FEARS ARE that attempts will be made to further pension reform, with adverse efects on law enforcement the result. If the pension system is lost, we won't be able to attract the same caliber of personnel that we now have.") Blackmore likened the cities' commitments to paying future retirees to a "time bomb ticking away in every major American city." "The accumulated pension debt for all federal, state and local jurisdictions taken together is said to exceed $5 trillion an amount equal to the federal budget for the next 20 years at its current level," he said. Russ War Inevitable, Peking Report Says Hong Kong (UPI) - China, declaring that war with the Soviet Union is inevitable, has ordered military leaders to intensify training of the armed forces, the New China News Agency said Sunday. In a report from Peking monitored in Hong Kong, NCNA said the decision was made "recently" by the Military Commission of the Party Central Committee and "stresses military training with an eye to actual combat," including atomic or germ warfare. "The Soviet revisionists harbor wild ambitions of subjugating China," the report said. "War inevitably will break out someday. It is imperative to intensify preparations against an aggressive war." Last Tuesday, Soviet troops, gunboats and helicopters raided a Chinese island in the Ussuri River, which is part of the (This is the second of two articles on environmental development in California. ) So far, according to Richter, his company has spent more than $100 million on the project, including $2.5 million in legal fees. It has filed a stack of application papers 36 feet high and has gone through month after month of hearings. And so far the Brown administration has proven to be as receptive as a stone wall. Every California agency with jurisdiction over the plant has come out against it, triggering a bruising, high-stakes political battle over nuclear power that is already having an impact on the nation's energy plans. The battle over Sundesert also has become an expensive item in Brown's bid for a second term as governor. He has been attacked by nearly every newspaper in the state for his role in blocking the plant. Proponents of the plant have charged that Brown's opposition rests on "thelogical" grounds and have generally raised political havoc, reaching levels of vehemence decidedly unusual for an energy issue. RICHTER COMPLAINS of "midnight" political decisions that have orchestrated the regulatory decisions against Sundesert and of an overwhelmingly anti-nuclear "hidden agenda." All of this is rejected by Brown's principal energy adviser, Wilson Clark, 31. "It is totally erroneous to say that he (Brown) is anti-nuclear," insists Clark. Clark, the author of a book which asserts nuclear power "may actually exacerbate the energy crisis." pointed out that "the governor in this state is an environmentally sensitive governor." ACCORDING TO Gene Varanini, 36, a member of the Energy Commission and one of the key Brown administration players in the Sundesert battle, accusations of an anti-nuclear stance are mere reflections of "industry hysteria." "I don't agree that there is a bias. I have been involved with the governor's staff until 1 a.m. in these long skull sessions. My impression is that he's been on the phone with every independent energy expert in the country." The basis of Brown's position on Sundesert stems from three laws passed by the legislature shortly before the 1976 vote against the nuclear moratorium initiative. The laws state that no more nuclear plants may be licensed in California until there are solutions to a number of nuclear fuel problems, including the government storage of nuclear wastes. Philadelphia in 1975 reported unfunded pension liabilities of $20,000 for each policeman enrolled In the retirement system and more than $30,000 for each fireman. Pittsburgh had an unfunded liability of $95 million, which one expert estimated was about $60,000 for each police officer. IN DETROIT, Los Angeles, Washington and Oakland, pension costs are nearly 50 percent of firemen and police payrolls. Solutions to the problem Include municipal workers joining state employee pension plans. An end to the "20 years and out" provision also could help alleviate the crisis, with retiring workers taking "second city careers" to continue to build up retirement benefits, the magazine said. Another suggestion is for a short-term, military-style enlistment so that police Meany Turns Down Carter Wage Request By AP And UPI Washington AFL-CIO President George Meany said Sunday he won't comply with President Carter's request that he instruct union locals to hold down their demands for wage increases this year. (AP) "Wages are not the cause of inflation," Meany told interviewers on ABC's "Issues and Answers" program. He said the cost of fuel, food, medical care, real estate and mortgage rates are the main factors not labor unions. "BRING THE prices down, and I am sure the wages will stay down along with the prices," he said. (UPI) Meany said he applauds Mr. Carter's goal of slowing inflation, and said if prices come down, he is confident wages also will come down. But he said flatly there is no kind of voluntary wage guideline that he could Sino-Soviet border. Moscow later apologized and said the intrusion had been a mistake. China rejected the Soviet statement, saying it was not satisfied with the explanation from the Kremlin that the Russian units were chasing down an "armed and dangerous criminal" and withdrew from the island when they realized they were in Chinese territory. NCNA said the military commission had ordered that Chinese military commanders, in accordance with Chairman Mao Tse-tung's thinking, "put the troops in good order, train them well and improve their combat effectiveness in an all-around way." It added: "All units should strengthen training in protection against atomic, chemical and germ weapons." Under these laws, utilities can be granted exemptions. However, they must prove that the plants are needed to meet energy demands and that there is no equally cost-effective and environmentally acceptable way to meet them. WITH THE EXCEPTION of San Diego Gas & Electric, the rest of California's utilities supported the laws on the assumption that if they were passed they would undercut the support for a nuclear moratorium, an assumption that was probably correct. The Sundesert case, the first Energy Commission decision under the new laws, came after a 20,000-page study by the commission's staff, the oldest member of which, according to Varanini, is 28. The study concluded that using oil-fired power plants or resorting to geothermal energy sources in Southern California would not be economically competitive with nuclear power. A coal-fired plant would be competitive, the staff determined. However, the study found that "air quality standards and the absence of a technology adequate to merit their being met" would prohibit a coal-fired plant as a reasonable alternative for Sundesert. BASED ON THE staff report, Energy Commission Chairman Richard L. Maul-lin, 38, a political scientist and one of Brown's two political aides when Brown was California's secretary of state, sat down to write the first of two Energy Commissions decisions on Sundesert on Dec. 20. The first decision the laws required was whether the utility had made a case for the need for the nuclear facility. At that point the Sundesert proposal consisted of two nuclear power generating units, Maullin wrote that the utility had made a case for both of them, although he set more than 40 conditions for further processing of the Sundesert application. At 7 p.m. Maullin distributed copies of his decision to other members of the commission. Shortly afterward all the copies were recalled, and the following morning Maullin issued a second opinion. This one cut the Sundesert project in half, authorizing only one generating unit. According to Maullin, he discovered he had used the wrong table for projected power neeas in Southern California. The correct table .showed there was justification for only one plant. ONE PLANT MIGHT have been some solace to San Diego Gas Si Electric and its partners in the Sundesert Project-the Los Angeles Department of Water & Power, the cities of Anaheim, Riverside, Burbank, Glendale and Pasadena. How and firemen would not qualify for retirement benefits unless they became career officers. FORMER OAKLAND Mayor John Hoolihan, now head of the Berkeley Institute for Local Self-Government, ensures a young, vital force without the high costs of paying retirement for every municipal employee. But unions are fighting many of these ideas, and Blackmore said the "wave of the future" seems to be "legislative action to ensure the security of public pension systems." He said pension systems developed at the turn of the century assumed that police and firemen would sustain disabling injuries and warrant early retirement with generous benefits. Today, however, most municipal employees retire uninjured before 65 to go on to other work. accept and direct his local unions to follow. "We are willing to cooperate and go right along and do anything that we possibly can do," Meany said. "But we can't respond to something that it is impossible for us to give him a positive answer on." Meany said the request for a hold on wages came at a White House meeting last week. "WHAT THE President specifically asked . . . was that we notify our local unions and our international unions throughout the country that . . . they should decelerate this is the expression they used they should decelerate the wage increases to something below what they had in their last contracts," Meany said. "Now we would like to see prices decelerate, and I am sure we would agree that wages should decelerate alongside of them. "But when the President asks us to instruct our local unions in negotiating their contracts that they voluntarily agree in advance now, that they would take less than they had in the last contracts, we couldn't deliver that. We don't negotiate contracts, and that, we could not give them . . . "I would not go along with wage controls," Meany said. "What he was asking us to do was accept wage controls, accept them on a voluntary basis." MEANY SAID Mr. Carter was asking a union that got a 5.5 percent increase three years ago, for example, to pledge it will accept less than a 5.5 percent increase in its upcoming contract. "Now this, of course, is an impossible situation because when our people go to the bargaining table . . . they are negotiating on the basis of the situation which prevails at the time they are negotiating. Not something that happened two or three years ago," Meany said. The labor chief also noted that wages are locked into multi-year contracts unlike prices. ever, the Energy Commission had to make a ruling that there was no acceptable alternative to Sundesert. The principal aternative to emerge was a large coal-fired plant in the Mojave Desert. The head of the state's Air Resources Board, Tom Quinn, who formerly managed Brown's campaign for governor, wrote a letter announcing that new coal plants could pass air pollution standards in the sparse, logically fragile environment of the desert. Later one of Quinn's aides, Thomas Austin, explained that the coal plant could be equipped with new antipollution controls being tested in Japan. In February, the Energy Commission issued its second decision, ruling that a combination of energy conservation, the coal plant, geothermal energy and the reconstruction of two old oil-fired power plants would be a reasonable alternative to a nuclear plant in the next decade. AFTER THAT THERE would be solar devices, windmills, "biomass conversion" and other new technologies. Therefore, the commission reasoned, the legislature should not grant Sundesert an exemption. The ruling infuriated one member of the commission, Alan D. Pasternak, who pointed out that it contradicted the earlier findings of the Energy Commission staff that oil, coal and geothermal were not "visable" alternatives. Asked if he thought the Brown administration was being anti-nuclear, Pasternak, a Brown appointee and a former chemical engineer said: "There's a desire for whatever reason to stop nuclear energy. Sometimes I think I'm the only state official who is in favor of further development of nuclear." While all this has been going on, the Federal Department of Energy, which is trying to expand nuclear power and minimize dependence on oil, has let it be known that it is not happy with the stance adopted by California. Recently, John F. O'Leary, deputy secretary of DOE, appeared at a series of hearings in New Mexico to convince residents to promptly accept a proposal for a permanent nuclear waste storage facility near Carlsbad. A prime reason for the facility, O'Leary explained, was to demonstrate to California and nine other states that are currently considering California's nuclear laws that the government has found a place and a method for permanent storage. AT THIS POINT, it is fair to say that Sundesert is in deep trouble in California. But the process isn't over yet; There are still other state agencies to be heard from. Earlier this month the California Public Utilities Commission gave a review of what it might do in the case. 'MONDAY, MAY 'IS. 1978 Jilh NDfANAPOLlS STAR PAGE b

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