Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 6, 1942 · Page 4
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 4

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, January 6, 1942
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Page 4
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V*' 1 for Plan of Japanese - < Yellow Men Hope to Deloy Juncture of Allied Fleets By JOHN GROVER ( AP Feature Service Writer jfhe pattern of the Japanese plan for subjection of the Far East has "become apparent. It is patent Japanese naval com;' manders hope to prevent or delay juncture of the combined fleets of the Allies. To this end, part of their operations aim at creating hazards across the natural lines of fleet communication, while their major thrusts seek the caputre of the enemy shore establishments at Singapore and Manila. The sortie that established a beach head at Miri in Sarawak adjoining British north Borneo is typical. The line from Indo-China—held by Japan—to Borneo constitutes the ' "waist" of the South China Sea. •5 Control of both sides of the waist ^ gives Japan bases for a shuttle re,lay of planes and submarines over waters which are the most direct , route to effect a juncture and streng- //f/V/f ; HI, J.C. IVVHATS THAT TIP TO SMOKi&Sf HERE," SAYS STRINGING OUT OR BUNCHING. MILDNESS WINS WITH WITHOUT E. J. E»rooids Tobacco Co., WbJtco-Sates, N. C. fine roll-your-own cigarettes In every handy tin of Prince Albert 70 THE NATIONAL JOY SMOKE I ALLIED BATTERIES As low As $3.49 Ex. (Batteries Recharged 50c) Oklahoma Tire & Supply Co. Associate Store Bob Elmore, Owner — Hope ORIANA AMENT BOYETT Teacher of Music-Voice, Piano. Art-Drawing, Painting. Studio 608 South Maio Street *' r Phone 318 W IRON WORKERS LOCAL UNION 591 of Shreveport, La., holds its official meeting at 7:30 o'clock every Thursday night in banquet room of Hotel Barlow, Hope, Ark. H. H. PHILLIPS, B.A. & F.S.T. WANTED CAST IRON SCRAP 75 Cents per Hundred Pounds Paid ARKANSAS MACHINE SPECIALTY CO. Hope, Arkansas WANT A PIANO? This Model $365 cosh or terms: $36.50 Down $19.33 Monthly. Drop us a card for Catalogs and full information. Quality makes by STEINWAY, HADDORFF, CABLE, WURLITZER. Used Piauos, $75 up. Terms 200 E. Broad Texarkana, Ark. Court Ruling Man learned to equip airplanes with retractable landing gear by watching birds draw up their legs and feet when in flight, according to B ruling of a federal judge in dismissing a patent infringement suit involving such landing gear. Baker-General Baker-General once was a regular rank in the American Army. The only man ever to hold the title was Christopher Ludwicfc, Philadelphia gingerbread baker and confectioner, who was commissioned baker-general to the Continental Army. thening of the British, American and Dutch Asiatic fleets. In effect, it erects n toll-gate between the two great bases of Manila and Singapore, and the Allied commanders can expect to pay a heavier price in lost craft because of the thrust at Borneo. There is some evidence also that Japan contemplates erecting another plane-sub "fence" from North Borneo across the 1,200-mile stretch to the Japanese base on Palau, thus harassing an attempt at juncture via the more circuitous route. At the same time, the Japanese are smashing at the shore points on which Allied fleets depend. The two major bases, of course, are Manila and Singapore, and both arc objects of great Japanese offensives. The land attacks that nullified Penang and Hong Kong are examples of the attacks against subsidiary strong points. Manila and Singapore are primary objectives for different reasons. Manila menaces the long supply line Japan must keep open to supply her forces in ihe southern theater. Squarely athwart the flank of that lifeline, Manila can send out sub-sea, surface and air raiders to bedevil Japanese convoys. U. S. subs already have taken toll of the line. Until it's knocked out, no Japanese commander can rest easily with his communications under constant threat. So far. General MacArthur's Philippine command has brilliantly resisted any penetration of the Manila area proper. So long as that holds, the rest of the Philippines can be lost but the flank threat to Japan's southern ambitions will remain. Singapore guards against Japan's ultimate goal—seizure of the rich Netherlands Indies and Malaya. If it falls there's little to prevent Japan from investing Ceylon, Sumatra and the other fat islands of the group. So the picture takes shape, with Japan thrusting for bases to anchor fences to impede juncture of the Allied fleet units. Then, without exposing her grand fleet, it's obvious she hopes to whittle down the separated and weaker fleets with planes and subs while her land armies invest the strong points. Seizure of the key bases would put the Allies at a grave disadvantage. Their main battle fleets would find it almost impossible to operate in the area, without either Singapore or Manila. Happily, the defenders of both bases have given evidence that they have a better than even chance of keeping the Japs out of the vital zones. If the bases hold, it's only a question of time until the heavy Allied fleet units come up. With the backing of the bases, they can ultimately raise hob with the Japanese supply line. When that time comes, Japan must risk her grand fleet to keep the line open—and that's the moment some grim-faced sailormen are living their lives for right now hi the Pacific. Japan has got to take those bases quickly, keep the lighter Asiatic fleets separated and consolidate the area before her grand fleet can be outgunned by Allied reinforcements coming up, or her South Seas gamble is a bust. The odds were all against it from the tsart, despite its careful planning and surprise offensive. They grow greater day by day. HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS OUT OUR WAY ByJ.R. Williams OH , WELL, WE'RE O.K. THEN/ 1 THOUGHT THIS WAS STUFF VOCJ WAS TAKIN' OVER TO S\STER'S AN' I WAS JVS GONNA GIT A BOWLFUL OUT SO WE'D HAVE SUM PIN TO EAT TONIGHT; PER. SUPPER// NOW LISTEN...I'M GOING OVE&TO SISTER'S TODAY-- ANP IF VOU'RE AROUND,THAT . BAG IS FOR. THE LAUNDRY MAN AND THOSE OTHER PACKAGES ARE FOR THE SALVATION ARMY, IF THEY CALL.' COPf».f942BYNMS£ftVief, I T.M. REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. KAr^TUCOt? /-t=T /- (TJAV/ MOTHERS GET OKA?/ t-S Edson in Washington War Drive Needs More Skilled Workers Can Eat Anything Now Since Taking Hoyt's Compound Indigestion, Constipation, Muscular Aches, Found Relief In Hoyt's Says Wichita Falls Lady Mrs. Dollie Mosier of 610 Jefferson Street, Wichita Falls, Texas; States: "For several years I was troubled with acid indigestion, kidney misery, WASHINGTON— Big question mark» in the problem of putting the country's war industries on a three-shift, 24-hour day, seven-day week is whether there will be enough skilled laborers to man all the machines for continuous operation. Best estimates of labor statisticians now put the country's effective labor force at 53 million. Approximately two million are in the armed services, nearly four million are unemployed and a little more than four million are employed in war industries. Of the remaining 43 million, 20 million work on farms and the balance in civilian occupations. When Germany was converting her economy from peace to war, the best she could do in any one year was to shift 1.8 million workers from civilian to armament and muntiions production. Germany's population being about half that of the United States, the normal expectancy would be for this country's war industries to absorb about 3.6 million workers in the first year. As a matter of fact, our war industries may not achieve this goal for the calendar year 1941. Employment in defense industries at the end of 1940 was estimated at three million workers, but by the end of this year the total may not quite reach 4.5 million, a gain of only a million and a half. Better Whip Up The showing for 1942 will obviously have to be a lot better if the country is to get any place at all in its war effort. Pointing out that the building up of production takes time, the National Resources Planning Board made a study of what can be done if everybody gets in and pitches, using all tile technological planning, drive, foresight and co-operation the country can muster. In such an effort, employment in defense industries by the end of 1942 might be raised to 11 million, with the number of unemployed at two million. For 1943, defense industries might absorb 15 million workers, at which unemployment would practically disappear. And by 1944 the war indus- tries could havve 23 million workers. The armed services would have say four million men at a minimum, workers in agricultural and non-war occupations would number 33 million instead of the present 45 million, and for every million additional men in the armed services, a million would have to be subtracted from the number of workers in non-war occupations. This calculation is on the basis of 60 million possible workers, as compared with the present labor force of 53 million. Where will these seven million additional workers come from? The present unemployed will provide four million of them. Every year, about 600,000 more people grow up and become eligible for jobs than the num- befr of older workers who ertire or die. And in addition to those principal sources of labor supply, there will be more women taking jobs now held by men, more older workers staying on the job instead of retiring, more non-employed becoming employed. Obviously there is no shortage in the potential labor supply. The problem is one of training the unskilled for jobs requiring the skilled, upgrading of all workers by training the semi-skilled to do jobs requiring workers who have grown rusty in the practice of their old trades. Skilled workers in the non-war trades must expect to be shifted to war industries and learn new skills. Fair Start Made A pretty good job has already been done in getting this transfer of the labor force started. As early as June, 1940, Sidney Hillman's employment division of the original defense council asked for ?15 million for this work, and when congress appropriated the money, vocational training began in half a dozen different directions. More than 5165 million have now been appropriated for this job, and $55 million have been spent, with the result that 1.7 million workers have gone to defense schools of one kind or another. Looking at the picture up to the first of March, 1942, the U. S. Employ- New Diet "Yardstick" MRS. DOLLIE MOSIER gas and a sour stomach after eating. My arms, lirnbs and feet were swollen and I could hardly move. "Since; taking Hoyt's Compound my kidneys do not bother rnc, the swelling is gone. I don't have to get up nights. I eat anything without having indigestion, gas and bloating. Hoyt's Compound has done so much for me that I would not be without it!" Hoyt's Compound is recommended and sold by the John S. Gibson Drug Store a/id by all leading druggists in this area. Bring u$ your Sick WATCH Speedy recovery guaranteed. Repair service very reasonable. PERKISON'S JEWELRY STORE 218 South Walnut TO GOOD EATING 2 or more glasses daily-far adults 3 lo 4 or more glasses daily-for children To drink and combined with other food$ VEGETABLES 2 or more servings daily besides potatoes 7 row; green and yellow often FRUITS 2 or more servings daily J citrut fruit or tomato 3 to 5 a week; 1 daily preferred MEAT, CHEESE, FISH, OR UCUMfS 1 or more servings daily 'CEREAL OR BREAD Most of it whole grain or "enriched" BUTTIR 2 or more tablespoons dail) , Ttt'a Hclai tuim A« tut* tcupui kj At Cetmcl f ai feali mi Nutriiim *! At Amaitm HiM RECOGNITION of the necessity of good health through the eating *V of proper foods has led to a nationwide nutrition program as a major part of the defense activities. This meal-planning guide prepared by the National Dairy Council, interprets the food requirements set up by the Food and Nutrition Committee of the National Research Council. It carries the Seal of Acceptance of the Council on Foods and Nutrition of the American Medical Association. Use this "Guide to Good Eating". a« vow blueorint for bouyant health,. • • I W^BBH^^VMHIBIIIMMMI^MM! Kiwanis Installs New Officers Post District Governor Has Charge of Services The Hope Kiwnnis club installed new officers for 1942 at nn impressive ceremony at Hotel Henry on Monday night, January 5, at 7:30 p. m. Rev. Tom Wilbanks, former President of the Texarkanu club and Past District Governor of the North Texas District .installed Rev. J. E. Hamill as President, James Pilkinton as Vice- president, and B. E. McMahun as secretary of the Hope Kiwanis club. Rev. Harvey Scott, Pastor of the Church of Christ of Tcxarkunn, delivered the principal address of the evening. He stressed the importance of spiritual values in our community life. He stated that the Kiwanis ideal, "To encourage the daily living of the golden rule," was a pricipnl founded by Jesus Christ in his teachings many hundreds of years ago. Rev. Scott said tics have been extended invitations to attend the six day FBI Civilian Course for Police at Texarkana beginning January 12: Hempstead, Howard, Lafayette, Little River, Miller, Nevada, Pike, Sevier. that our communities need these nx- ioms of faith today more than ever before. One of our service club Heals should be to make our community life such that the boys now in the nrm- ed forces would be glnd to come bnck and find a place for themselves in such a community. Paul Powers, of the Hope High School staff, was introduced as the first new member for 1942. President Ched Hall in relinquishing the post to incoming President J. E. Hamill, pointed out the need for 100 per cent cooperation during 1942. He reported that the club had a 5 per cent net increase in membership during the year 1941. Tueidoy, January 6, 1942 Crocodile Tongues Crocodiles do have tongues, contrflry to the popular belief. The organ is fleshy and flat and is atachted to the floor of the mouth except at the extreme edges. • NOTICE • Keith's Barber Shop HAS MOVED to new location on E. 3rd Next to Checkered Cafe DIVIDENDS I INSURED SHARES j Safety and Good Yield '"' For Your Idle Funds Every dollar up lo $5,000 Invetl.d In our Iniurtd Shqroi li guaranteed by an agency of the U. S. Government. Here li a worry-free Investment with ,a iplendld record of good relurni regularly—here li an Ideal Inveitmenl for regular loving, and truil fund.. We Invife imall monthly purchaies at well as largo, lump-ium Invest- monlj. Write, deicriblng your needi. Addreui UNITED BUILDING & LOAN ASSN. FORT SMITH, ARKANSAS FRANK W. DYKE, Proildent Purpose of SPG Is Explained Amunition Tested to See Exactly What It Will Do In a statment issued Tuesday, Major Werner C. Strecker, Area Engineer, at the Southwestern Proving Ground, said that the time is just around the corner when the project will bo placed under the Ordnance Department. He added that many unfamiliar with components of the United States Army had asked what the Ordnance Dcp- partment is and what it does. "The Ordnance Department," the Major stated, ''procures, stores, distributes and maintains the implements of war necessary to our fighting forces. Scientists and engineers are constantly at work to devise and perfect new ammunition, small arms, artillery and tanks. It is up to the Ordnance soldier to maintain and supply these items to the armies in the field." "Many a battle has been lost bo- cause supplies could not be brought up fast enough," he continued. "It is for this reason that in modem warfare a great effort is usually made to cut the supply lines of the enemy." Describing the problems of maintan- ing a fighting army. Major Strecker said that in all the history of warfare the department has never been called upon to perform such a great task as confronts it today. "As recently as during World War 1, tile duties of ordnance were comparatively simple. During the period of stabilized trench fighting in the St. Mihiel sector, 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition were used in four days, "continued the Major. "At that time, supplying this staggering volume of munitions was considered a tremen- ous problem, but it is childs play compared to the, problems presented by the modern blilzkreig method of waging war. Now battle lines may change as much as 100 miles a day; machine guns can exhaust 650 rounds of ammunition a minute; and 37-millimeter anti-aircraft artillery can. fire 120 rounds in the same ueriod.' "The use of larger and more power- i ful weapons has also created a great- I or supply problem. In the first World War, the 75-millimeter gun was powerful enough for use in the field, but today has been practically replaced by the larger and more deadly 105- millimeter guns. The ordnance department must keep the improved weapons supplied with ammunition and in repair, regardless of the speed at which the armies move." "Another phase of the duties of Ordnance is keeping all weapons and equipment in repair. The dead engine of a tank must be revived; an artillery-torn chasis of an ammunition truck must be rcpaired-not tomorrow or the next day, but immediately—and the Ordnance soldier must see that the job is done." praising the work of the department, the Major said that the work is dedicated to the fundamental proposition that a machine gun repaired on the field of battle can be worth a hundred guns on the assembly lines of a factory at the rear. "Forming a vital part of the supply line to the front will be the Southwestern Proving Ground here at Hope, for when tests are completed here, we will know exactly what to expect from our munitions when in use at the front," he concluded. FBI Course (Continued From Page One) ganization problem, protection of police personnel and property, air raid precaution work. All chiefs of police, sheriffs, constables, marshals and subordinate police officers from the following coun- mcnt Service has made a survvcy estimating the hiring of some 475,000 workers in 9900 factories of the principal 26 war industries. Aircraft and shipbuilding will take nearly half of this number, and another quarter will go into the iron, steel and machinery industries. Skilled workers will make up 39 out of every 100 new workers, semi-skilled 26, unskilled 28, and seven managerial or clerical. That's about the ratio for the entire period of expanding employment lor an all-out war effort. BUT CAN HE SWIM? Here is a man in a fcaffiing suit. That much is FACTJ The label thai calls him a lifeguard is only his own or someone else's OPINION. You need to know the (act that lifeguards at this beach must pass .strict examinations before they wear the label' Please gel this difference firmly fixed in your mind: FACT is one thing; OPINION, another; Now every day your newspaper MUST bring you many facta and also many opinions. That is what newspapers are for. That's what the day's news is—the actual happenings, and what the editors, the experts, the bystanders and others THINK of what goes on. From FACT plus OPINION you get the information every free citizen must have to govern himself. The ADVERTISEMENTS in your paper are fact and opinion, too. They are the news of goods and services, backed by the opinions of merchants, manufacturers and the like. From them you get the news that helps you use your own free choice to get the most for your money. C . <J f" ''".-• You can't run away from FACTS. 'And you need OPINIONS of all kinds and from all sides, if you are going to go on living in a DEMOCRACY. But keep them CLEARLY SEPARATED. Suppose your newspaper lost its right to bring you news of all kinds. You'd certainly find yourself behind the eight-ball! On election day your vote would be a blind guess. On payday you wouldn't know what to buy or where to find it. And on the day of reckoning—when you realized how VITALLY NECESSARY" an uncontrolled newspaper WAS, you would find your own freedom GONE WITH THE NEWS! Notice how CAREFULLY a free AMERICAN newspaper separates fact and opinion. It is FULL of dates, names, places, ACTUAL EVENTS. Then it QUOTES many people, cSdits OPINIONS to the sources from which they come. Any newspaper in a free country is within its rights when it "takes sides" editorially. But even the most partisan paper gets most of its facts straight and its opinions properly labeled. If it didn't, it would lose the favor and confidence of its readers. Yet, finally, it is your judgment that counts. You, the free and independent citizen, have only yourself to blame if you will not take the trouble to weigh all the evidence and decide things correctly for yourself. Your paper pays you the greatest possible compliment when it acknowledges your own intelligence and sound judgment. In Germany, Italy, Russia, Japan, ai government agency decides what the people shall read and hear. Not so in America. Do your part to preserve the American way of life. i Read, each Tuesday in this space/ the messages about your\liberty and how America's newspapers help you defend it. Your letters of comment will be*apprecialed by the editor and by Hut comnuM««-~N«vv««H>*r PwW/«her» CemmMt* 4%Q l^x/ngton Avenue, New York C/fy; 0 •&. •* i

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