Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 6, 1942 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, January 6, 1942
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fa. Worvd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Pfess Hope VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 71 56 Star The Weather Fair to partly cloudy and not quite so cold Tuesday night. Star Of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1942 •— (NEAIfc-Meora Newspaper Enterprlta A.i'n PRICE 5c COPV illions for Warfare Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator -WILLIS THORNTON- War Is a Matter of Faith Pearl Harbor and the Highways War is a matter of faith. War is not a chess game in which men sit in favored nooks of safe withdrawal and solve abstract problems. War is not a balance of forces, in which some geometrical ratio between the productive power of one group is balanced out on a sheet of paper against the productive power ot another and the whole resolved into a balanced equasion. Kuanian Lost to British in Singapore Fight * 40,000 Japs in New Chinese Trap; 30,000 Killed at i Changsha SINGAPORE-(/P)-Tho lido of battle rolling down the Malayan Peninsula crept nearer to Singapore -luesday as hard pressed British forces yielded further ground at both ends of the ill-defined front under fresh Japanese attacks by land and sea. On the cast side of the peninsula a communique disclosed British troops were forced to withdraw Monday from Ifuantan, only 190 miles from Singapore, On the Pcrak front on the opposite coast the bulletin said the imperial forces made their second withdrawal , in three d,nys, to meet a threat to ifeeir left flank—apparently resulting • ff'om Japanese troops landings in the rear of the British lines. A communique Monday night disclosed a seaborne thrust at Kuala Selangor 240 miles from Singapore, threatening the communications of We Brtish forces battling farther to the north to halt a Japanese push down the coast. Tuesday the war bulletin said there had been no landing south of Kuala Selagor, however. 40,000 Japs Trapped CHUNGKING — (IP)— Forty thousand Japanese troops arc caught in a Chinese trap on the plains between the Laotao and Liuyang rivers north- nast of Changsha, in Hunan province aid Chinese forces are confident of wiping out most of them, a Chinese spokesman said Tuesday. Estimating that the Japanese had suffered 30,000 casualties in the battle before Changsha the spokesman said •Aly 30,000 of the original force of 100,000 had escaped toward their jumping off point at Yochow. 100 miles to the north. The spokesman's estimate of 30,000 casualties was reduced from previous fcitimates of 52,000. Claim Clumgsliu Occupied TOKYO—(Official Broadcast Recorded by AP)—A Hankow dispatch of Domci, Japanese news agency, asserted Tuesday that Japanese forces •Aid completely occupied Changsha, Hunan province capital, after four days of street fighting with the 10th Chinese army corps. .jPresbyterian Elders, Deacons to Meet There will be a meeting Wednesday night at 7:30 in the Philathca ^poin of Presbyterian church of the eiders of the church and the deacons- elect to prepare for Ihe installation service to be held in the church next Sunday morning. It is imperative that all deacons-elect be present at tlu's meeting. Cranium Crackers Congressional Quiz Civilian leaders as well as Army and Navy commanders arc im' portant in wartime. Can you supply line answers to these questions about congress and some of Us members? 1. Senator Tom Connally of Texas heads the committee which war declarations in the enate. Name the committee. 2. The Republican and Democratic leaders of the house arc from the same state. Who arc they and from what state do they come? 3. What outspoken senator, an isolationist leader up to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, lias offered his services to the Army? 4. Will bills to raise money to fight the war be introduced in the house or senate? 5. How has Rep. Jolm Dingell of Michigan figured in the w.'ir news? ou Cwuit Page War is not entirely factory against factory, gun against gun, plane against plane, though those arc vital. War today is not color, or race against race, or even nation against nation in the sense in which that was understood a few years ago. It is also men against men. War Is faith. We have today a conflict of faiths, as we have had so many times in the world's past. We are going to win this war, for many reasons. Not nlone because we will pile up the greatest mound of munitions, though that will help, though it is indispensable . Not alone because we have at our disposal the greatest natural resources, though that will help, and that loo, is indcspcns- able. We are going lo win this war bcc- couse we have faith lhat wo must win. We are going lo win because we have faith thai the things we fight for are good, and needful to men. We arc going to win because we shall cleave mightily to our faith. The other side believes it is ordained lo oslablish a superiority over olher men. The Germans and the Japanese believe (the Italians do not really believe it) that they are somehow choosen to dominate others. We wish dominion over none. The other side believes man is a puppet, a cog, a unit. We believe man is a personality, a soul, a collaborator, We.beliye he is Competent to get together willi his ' fellowmen and'- lo rule himself. That. is the difference. Wo have our faith. They have theirs. Which faith shall prove stronger? Which faith shall persevere? Which faith is just and right? Which faith deserves to live? The guns arc necessary. The tanks, and Iho planes are necesary. The in- duslral produclion is necessary. The whole malerial panoply of victory is necesary. But in addition, there is needed faith, faith unbending and undying that what we struggle for is worth survival. That is the faith that will carry us to victory. * * -K The wounded from Pearl Harbor are arriving in the United States. It is a sepctale lo which the rest of the world has long been inured— China knows it, and Britain, and Germany, and Ilaly, and Russia. What muststeel ourselves lo this and like things. That is what war means. The wounded from Pearl Harbor, however, have given their lives or their bodies to a cause that is worth defending, with suffering for. In the month in which they suslained their injuries or met death, a still greater number of people were struck down by traffic injuries which were no less terrible— and all for nothing. We are suffering | nearly 4000 traffic casualties a month resulting in deaths as permanent, in wounds as ghastly, as those of Pearl Harbor— and for nothing. We cannot spare any for in these days the toll of the road, the de id who produce nothing, the wounded who siifer. The snuffed-out lives, (he broken bodies, of those whom the automobile has crushed, are given for nothing at all, a mere sacrilice lo our national Moloch of carelessness. U. S. Forces Hit Russians Break 7 Enemy Planes Over Manila Bay Fifty Jap Bombers Cause Little Damage in 4-Hour Attack WASHINGTON-(/P)- At least seven enmcy planes were hit by terrific anli-aircrafl fire from fortifications of Manila Bay during a four-hour attack the War Departninet declared Tuesday. The forldess of Corregidor Island and forces of General Douglas MacArthur were attacked by 50 planes Monday, the department said, but material damage and casualties to the defenders were called light. The text of Ihe communique, nu- mcbr 47, and based on Ihe reports received up to 9:30 a. in. EST were: "Figure One; Philippine theater; The fortifications of Manila Bay, including Corrcgidor Island and Mar- ivcls, were again heavily bombed by enemy planes Monday. The bombardment continued for 4 hours with 50 planes participating. Material damage and casualities were light. At least seven enemy planes were hit by our anli-aircrafl fire. Figure 2; There is nothing to report from oilier areas." Battleship Hit WASHINGTON—(/T>)—American air forces struck back savagely at Ihe Japanese invaders in the Far East Monday sinking an enemy destroyer and scoring three bomb hits on a battleship in a raid on enemy-occupied Davao in the Southern Philippines. The smashing air attack on Jap- anqse naval' forces, at Davao, more than 500 air miles south of Manila on the island of Mindanao, was made apparently Monday by heavy army bombers operating from an unidentified base. All returned undamaged from the raid, the War Department said. It was a third body blow at Japan's overwhelming naval superiority in the Western Pacific, tending to restore the balance upset by the December 7 sneak raid on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent sinking of Britain's battleship, the Prince of Wales, and the battle cruiser Repulse north of Singapore. The 29,000-ton Japanese batllcship Haruna was sunk off Northern Luzon on December 11 by army bombs and navy planes were credited with putting another battleship of the Kongo class out of commission in the same stage of the conflict. The navy added to the day's score by reporting that the small seaplane tender Heron successfully fought off a seven hour atlock by 15 Japanese bombers, bringing down one of the attackers and severely damaging another. Hope Soldier Survives Raid Sgt. Cline Smith, in Hawaii, Writes to Mother Here Mrs. Lula Smith, 425 South Main street, received Tuesday a letler from her son, Sgt. Cline. C. Smith, stationed at Ft. Armstrong. Hawaii, assuring her that he was in good health after he sneak Japanese attack on Hawaii. The letter, written on December 21 and received here Tuesday, follows in part: "I suppose you know all about the attack on this island from newspaper reports, therefore 1 will not make any further comments on it. "Under present conditions I do not know when I will B e ^ to come to sec you. "Please do not worry about me. If you don't hear from me often just remember that no news is good news." Dutch Lose Sulimarine BATAVIA — (/P) — Though Netherlands East Indies fighting strength was struck a blow Tuesday in the loss of a submarine in Japanese patrolled waters, Dutch officials were heartened by official word that General Sir Archibald P. Wavell will establish headquarters of the Allied Supreme Command on Indies territory. Anela news agency said the exact location of the headquarters waji not known. German Lines at Sevastopol Red Transports Land Troops Behind Nazi Siege Lines By the Associated Pres Russia's long besieged garrison at ^evastopol appeared Tuesday to have broken the German lines around the key Black Sea naval base while Soviet transports boldly attempted to land troops on the Crimea west coast, 40 miles to the rear of the Nazi armies. Front line dispatches said Russian troops had sallied forth from Sevastopol, advancing at a number of points to smash German outposts and fortifications. Dispatches to the Soviet government newspaper Izveslia said Russian troops which landed at Feodosiya, in eastern Crimea, had readied the sea of Azov, cutting off the entire Kerch peninsula. On (he central front the lengthening arm of the Soviet counter offensive was reported to be sweeping Ihe Germans hack upon Kursh, 280 miles below Moscow and about 100 miles south of Orel. Finnish forces suddenly have launched an attack below the SVir river, admittedly after a long period on the defense—and have captured a number of Russian positions, a communi- que declared Tuesday. North of Lake Onega, however, the war bulletin acknowledged the Red army on Ihe offensive. On the Leningrad front the Russians painted an equally brightening picture that Red Army troops .backed by American-made fighter places had recaptured 300 square miles of "territory and 30 villages in 5-days after crushing a German offensive. Russian troops exerting fierce pressure on German strongholds at Mox- haisk, were striking form a 160 mile encirclement arc with spearheads at Staritsa, 125 miles northwest of Moscow and Kozelsk, 140 miles to the southwest. On the African front slashing rain- stroms slowed operations but the British Middle East headquarters reported that British Imperial troops were successfully active in attacking German-Itlaian forces around Agedebia, 90 miles south of Bengasi. Undisclosed numbers of Axis prisoners continued to flow back to prison camps in Egypt as British forces continued mopping up isolated groups around Salum, on the Egyptain-Lib- yan frontier. Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Close January 17.48 March 17.88 May 18.06 July 18.15 October 18.37 December 18.40 NEW YORK January 17.54 March 17.84 May 18.01 July 18.07 O'ctober 18,17 December 18.20 Middling spot 19.23. — — -. . Japs' Toll High to Take Rrst Month -© Hong Manila after Japs invade Luzon, Mindanao; U. S. bomber* link enemy bottleihin 'PHII Woke falls Dee. 24 after heroic stand by Marines 7 .Midway 'Remember Pearl Horbor" it U. S. watchword offer initial Jap bombing of noYol.QJr baie at Hawaii .*/$ Ha "" MB ^ ,GlMO» Wok* ^7 •o' HAWAIIAN ISLANDS PACIFIC OCEAN role as allied supply and operations base Japs drive down Malay peninsula on Singapore; invade Sumatra, Borneo; sink two British battleships sh lps while Dutch bombers and submarines^ iiajor actions. Mercury Hits Ten Degrees Monday Night Proves to Be Coldest of Season Monday night was the coldest of the winter according to a report from the University of Arkansas Experiment station which said the temperature low was 10 degrees and high of 26 degrees. Previous record for the season was Sunday night when the mercury went to 17 degrees. FBI Course '.VW Special Training Offered at Texarkana January 12 Chinese Smash Jap Attack Logging by Moonlight Mahogany trees are cut by moonlight. This is done in the belief tliut they are more free of say than, and the wood Is richer iu color. CHNese SMASH Mr ATTACK!«$ PHLIPPINE ISLANDS lllllll PARRI Chinese" claim 50,000 Jap casualties at Changsha while on LuzoVjaus QP attempt piucer uiovciucul ou V. S. forces wider Geu. Ma FSA Calls Meet of Farmers To Outline War Program for County Here Thursday Stressing Ihe need for full participation of all farm families working with the Farm Security Administration in the war effort, W. M. Sparks, Rural Supervisor for the FSA, has called a special meeting of the Hempstead County FSA Council Members and FSA Staff at 10 o'clock, Thursday, January 8, at Hopo in the county court house. "Farm Security has been given the responsibility" for working with the low-income farm families in the war programs," said Mr. Sparks. "In order that we may take an active part in all the programs, we have called a meeting for Thursday to outline our program of work." Mr. Sparks pointed out that FSA workers and families have already begun work on some of the programs. Goals have already been assigned in the Food for Freedom drive and FSA workers and families have already begun their purchases of Defense Bonds and Stamps. The group will discuss plans for collections of scrap metal, cooperative use of machinery now available and to be purchased, collection and marketing of poultry and dairy products, and increased purchase of Defense Bonds and Stamps. Members of the FSA council expected to attend are Sloman Goodlett, Jolm C. Huskey, J. O. Johnson, Sr., E. M. Osborn, W. E. White, Mrs Earlie WcMilliams, W. H. Allison, J. I. Leiblong, Mrs. J. E. Yarberry and Willis A. Cobb. FSA personnel attending will be: Mrs. Laura H. Hodnett, home management supervisor, Mrs. Alicia R. Jones, assistant HM supervisor, Jim Mays, assistant RR supervisor, J. V. Ferguson, RR supervisor and W. M. Sparks, RR supervisor Time Savers A man using a two-horse plow took seven hours to plow one acre of wheat land in 1830. Modern tractors do the same job in one hour. North Carolina Cherokee Indians used only single feuthws in their hair until the full headress was introduced by tourists. An FBI Civilian Defense Court for Police will be held in the Circuit court room of the Miller county court- hoiise at Texarkana, Arkansas, beginning January 12, 1942, at 9 a. in., and continuing thereafter for a period of six days, the school concluding on January 17, 1942. This school to be conducted at Texarkana is primarily arranged for subordinate police officers. You will probably recall that a two day FBI Civilian Defense Course was held at Little Rock, Arkansas, for all police officials in the State of Arkansas on O'ctober 30 and 31, 1941. At that time it was announced that schools for subordinate police officers would be held at Texarkana, Arkansas; Fort Smith, Arkansas; Little Rock, Arkansas; El Dorado, Arkansas; and Jonesboro, Arkansas. These Schools are being conducted with the official approval of Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuar- dia, Director of the United States Civilian Defense. The schools are being held in various localities of the State of Arkansas in order to afford every police department and every law enforcement agency an opportunity to have at least one or more men in the respective departments trained in Civilian Defense duties. To thoroughly prepare for our civilian defense training program, Director John Edgar Hoover sent FBI officials to London more than a year ago. For several months in 1940 and 1941, these men studied and observed tlie protective and preventative measures used by the policemen, firemen, and air raid personnel of London and other English cities. The FBI representatives returned from England early in 1941, laden with voluminous notes, facts, figures and ideas, and their sludies were correlated and a definite plan of education for police was formulated and courses of in- slruction were organized. From his staff Director Hoover selected Special Agenls with previous experience and police training work, and they were given an extensive training course in civilian defense problems to prepare them for conducting training schools. The educational program to be followed at the six day school at Texarkana, Arkansas, beginning January 12, 1942, includes the following wartime and emergency duties: Convoy work, guarding protected places and areas and utility surveys, black-out enforcement, cooperation with other emergency agnciees, action in case of grounded enemy aircraft and barrage balloons, gas decontamination, prevention of malicious acts, internal security investigation, evacuation problems, looting problems, maintenance of maps and charts, traffic problems, police communication problems, police personnel problems, training program, equipment problems, war duly officers' duties, reor- Utilities Group Hears Expert . . , — ..... 1- . Soys GRDA Can't Furnish Power for Aluminum Plant LITTLE ROCK— (fP)—A. power expert told the Arkansas Utilities commission Tuesday that in an average year the Grand River 0am Authority in Oklahoma could not expect to generate enough electricity to meet a 10,000 kilowatt contract with a Choteau, Oklahoma defense plant and also supply 32,000 killowatts for aluminum manufacturers in Arkansas. The witness was Carl L. Gearheardt of Venita, Okla., a former supervisor of power sales and distribution for the GRDA. Testifying at a hearing on whether to let an Arkansas REA cooperative build a new line to transmit GRDA power to Lake Catherine aluminum plant he said: "If peak demands coincide with low water the GRDA could not expect to meet the 32,500 kw commitment, starting in July or August of this year as planned. "In low water years such as 1934 and 1939 the GRDA could not meet the aluminum plant committment. "To get maximum, results from GRDA project it should operate in conjunction with steam plants letting the GRDA meet the daytime peak only." (Contlnued on Pace Four) ™WF V V A Thought I defy the wisest man in the world to turn a good action into ridicule.—Henry Fielding. New Tests of Wells Ordered Midway Well Included in Oil Commission Order EL DORADO-Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission engineers were instructed Monday to begin laking bottom hole pressure and gas-ojl ratio tests in all condensate oil fields in Arkansas, as well as in the new Midway pool in the Lafayette and Hempstead county area, and the Mt. Holly pool in Union county. This was ordered at the request of the federal government, which is seeking new data in connection with priorities on pipe and other oil field equipment. A statewide hearing probably will be called in February on tile matter. The commission granted a permit to the McAlester Fuel Oil Company to drill a well, which probably will be taken to 10,000 feet, in Lafayette county, south of the McKamie field The well is the S. A. Jeffus No. l] located in the center of the NE SW, section 4-19-23, northwest of Taylor. — . Eat a Horse It would take more than a year to eat 1400 pounds of food, weight of an averaged-sized horse, despite the phrase, "I'm so huungry 1 could eat a horse." Next to cellulose, lingin is the most abundant organic material produced annually by nature. It means cutting luxuriea-'aria'other' non-essentials, "in a -word it means an 'all-out' war by individual effort and family effort in a united country." The chief executive mentions American reverses at the outset of the conflict but declared "powerful and offensive actions must and will be taken in proper time." • » • Trained Men to Be Needed CCC to Select Boys During Week of January 11-17 During the week of January 11-17 this county, along with the other 74 counties in Arkansas, will select many boys to be enrolled in the CCC. In this day of increased employment too many boys in this county are unemployed. There is a definite reason why they are not employed. They have have no work experience. During this year employers all over the natoin are going to be pleading for experienced auto mechanics, truck drivers, cooks, office clerks and many others who have had training and experience in special fields. Our defense plants will welcome the CCC trained youth, will, in all probability, take his honorable discharge, together witth the recommendations form his Camp supervisory Personnel as proof that he is ready for a better job than that or ordinary help or laborer. Parents of boys without work experience should encourage their sons to take advatnage of this opportunity to equip themselves to do some special job and be in readiness to step up and offer their services as a worker of proven ability. Do something to help win this war. If you are not trained in any special kind of work its time to start learning. Thousands of former enrollees are now thankful for the training and experience they were given in the CCC Most of them are making fine rccards in the armed forces defending our Nation. Others who applied themselves in the CCCCC have experienced no difficulty in securing good paying jobs in National Defense plants all over the nation. The county Director of Public Welfare, whose office is in Hope wil,l be glad to explain how you can make yourself a useful worker in this time when trained workers are in such demand. They will tell you of other boys from this county and your own community who are loday making good because of their CCC training. Hope, Prescott to. Ploy Wednesday The Hope high school Bobcats will start the 1942 basketball season here Wednesday night when they take on, the Curly Wolves from Prescott. The game will be played in the high, school gymnasium, beginning at 7:30. f- si 185,000 Planes, 120,000 Tanks Is 1943 Goal President Outlines War Prog ram to Joint Session of Congress WASHINGTON — (IP) — President Rooesvelt assuring the nation of ultimate victory in a "bloody war" told Congress Tuesday the war program for the next fiscal year would require 56 billion dollars to produce 185,000 airplanes and 120,000 tanks by the end of 1943. To hit the enemy "wherever and whenever we can reach him" Roosevelt said that American forces would operate all over the world including the British Isles and the Far East. Cheered time after time in delivery of the measure to a joint session of the house and senate the president told of vast production plans which he remarked grimly "would give the Japanese and Nazis a little idea of just what they accomplished in the attack on Pearl Harbor." Plan Disclosed He disclosed the plans as follows: 1942—60,000 planes, (10,000 more than the goal set a year ago), 45,000 tanks, 20,000 anti-aircraft guns, 8 million, deadweight tons of merchant shipping. 1943—125,000 planes,. 75,000 tanks, 35,000 anti-aircraft guns and 10 million tons of merchant shipping. He spoke of sacrifices to come and said it would appear in his budget message to congress Wednesday, "that our war program for the coming year will cost 56 million dollars or in other words more than one-half of the es--v timate of the annual natioal income." -.$

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