Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 5, 1942 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, January 5, 1942
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-ft! Wo»vd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 70 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. Star The Weather ARKANSAS —Fair and continued cold Monday night, HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JANUARY 5, 1942 ! A i?!r\." M S lns Associated Press (NEA)—Meons Netyspoper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COF>Y t ft Forces Repulse Japs x*\7 ^^-y *-A__ -—A— AAA/* ^^H Z^i 7 \ / \ i \ *S^ r > X* ^T^ .,-A » A. y^ ii .. ••• Men 20-44 Years of Age f o Register February 76 Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator -WILLIS THORNTON- Look Forward to Victory, Not Back! Elastic Independence The frank report of Navy Secretary Knox, and the appointment of an investigatory board of unquestioned integrity to probe the Pearl Harbor disaster are assurance that nothing is to be covered up. Everything will be learned that it is serviceable to know. The officers in responsible posts at the Time have been replaced. But let us remember this: " " ® Pearl Harbor is the responsibility of Army, Navy and civilian officials. But it was not something detached from the rest of American life. These men wore Americans. They thought and acted as Americans, even though they were professional American soldiers; their every move was conditioned by the whole climate of American thought, feeling and habit, the habit of thinking that "it can't REALLY happen here." Every American shares responsibility for the disaster. The only investigation of Pearl Harbor that will do the slightest bit of good now is to expose pitilessly the elements of failure in such a way that those same elements will never again contribute to another failure. Scapegoats for past defeats win no future victories. Our task in the Pacific is not to rake through the ashes of past defeats. It is not merely to avoid future defeats. It is positive, offensive; our task is to destroy every vestige of Japanese military, naval, and air power once and for all. It will not be done by Chinese Troops Sent to Aid <Burma r Malaya Chinese Celebrate Changsha Victory -' in Which 52,000 Japs Were Killed SINGAPORE -(/P)- Confidence is mounting in the long-range possi- •Jfrilities of the defense of Singapore despite a new retreat which forced the British to fall back from their positions below Ipoh on the west side of the Malayan peninsula. This confidence, which is evident ,... dcBpj.tr,-.the..fact thsLJhe British have fficcn forced to yield approximately 200 miles of the peninsula in little less than a month, springs largely from the appointment of a Far Eastern high command of the United forces under General Sir Archibald f. Wavcll. ' Civilians as well as men in military and naval service believed that his prompt reinforcements of Burma defenses and his negotiations with Gen. Chaing Kai-Shek, which resulted in veteran Chinese troops crossing into ^urma, meant that Wavell already is very much on the job cordinating the activities of the vast theater of the war. (London dispatches said the Chinese troops are believed on their way to Malaya to help Malaya defend Singapore. (Dispatches said the Chinese manpower would do much in overcoming difficulties of the outnumbered British forces.) -;,52,000 Japs Killed CHUNGKING — (/P)- Fire crackers were discharged and gongs sounded triumphantly in the streets of Chung- king Monday to celebrate what the Chinese proclaimed a "great victory over the Japanese at Changsha." 'jThe Chinese said that junction had been effected by the Chinesc-Chang- sha garrison and troops sent to its relief and that a Chinese cordon was drawn about the Japanese forces which had 52,000 casualties in three «j*ys. v The Japanese, dependant upon airborne supplies are continuing attempts to break out of the trap, the Chinese said. 'Snow Again .Falls Monday Temperature of 17 Degrees for j Sunday Night Light snow again began to fall Monday morning and the University of Arkansas Experiment Station reported an official 4Vi inches of snow for he week-end period. ."{Cold again shoved the mercury down to 17 degrees Sunday night and 19 degrees was reported at 10:30 Monday morning. High temperature for the 24-hour period was 30 degrees. Three U. S. Legations Changed to Embassies WASHINGTON —(/Pi- Diplomatic missions of the United States in Para- J*jiay, Ecuador and Bolivia will be raised from legations to embassies the State Department announced Monday. The three Latin-American governments will change their legations in the United States to embassies also. J 9 «l" -- ~ all penguins live in the frozen . The Galapagos penguin lives in the Galapagos Islands, which lie un the equator. weeping over Pearl Harbor. Wo must look forward, not back. The sneak attack on Hawaii put the u/niled States unexpectedly on the defensive at the outset. But we cannot remain there. The Navy clearly was not at the peak of alertness on Sunday morning, Dec. 7. But it is alert now. Its task is to destroy the Japanese fleet. Forward with the task! To defend the Philippines is good. They must be defended, reinforced if possible. So must Singapore. Never for get that the loss of Singapore is no mere British loss. It is a crucial point of American defense in the Pacific. We have only to ask ourselves; what if Singapore is lost? What of the Philippines then? What of the chance of the future offensive? For the present, perhaps defense is all that is open to us. That is a purely military problem. But in the long run defense wins no wars, and especially this one. Every American eye, every American thought must bo fixed on the time when it will be possible to carry the war to Japan, to drop on Japan 20 bombs for every one that fell on Pearl Harbor, to crush once and for all this military power whose mere existence makes impossible future peace in the Pacific. * -K * Whole new industries are being developed in the United States as a result of the war, just as during World War I we developed from scratch our entire chemical industry. Forty-five thousand acres of guay- uk- buslu-.s are being planted through the Department of Agriculture enough ..... „ to furnish 10 million pounds of rubber mutely $30,000. when processed. That is only a fraction of the thousand million pound being cut off from Malayan rubber. President to Address Congress on Tuesday WASHINGTON - (/]>> — President Roosevelt will deliver to congress in person Tuesday (at 12:30 p. m. ESTl his annual message on the state of the union. He will address the senate and the house assembly in a joint session in the houso chamber on a basis of plans worked out Monday with congressional leaders. They conferred with him shortly before the 77lh congress began its second year. Local Store Robbed of $50 Over Weekend A robber or robbers broke into Monts Seed store sometime over the week-end and made way with approximately $50 in cash. The robbers gained entrance through a rear window. The robbery was reported to police early Monday morning, No arrests have been made and the investigation continues. Proclamation Issued Monday by Roosevelt Men in This Group Will Be Subject to Active Military Service WASHINGTON -(/P)- President Roosevelt Monday set February 16 for the registration of all male citizens of the nation between the ages of 20 and 44 who have not registered previously. Men in this age group will be subject to military service. .The date was filed in a proclamation: It made no mention of registration of men from 45 through 64 who arc to be registered later on but who will be exempt from service with the armed forces under present legislation. In his proclamation the chief executive noted that this and other registrations under the selective service act will be required to insure "final and complete victory over the enemies of the U. S." The registration wil lapply to all male citizens and some non-citizens born on or after February 17, 1897 and or before December 31, 1921. It is to take place not only in the United Suites but also in Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico, between the hours of 7 a. m. and 9 p. m. qualified for them under regulations of the AAA program. Parity payments, however, were guaranteed. Tlie amount in dispute was approxi- AAA Payments for Farmers Bill Introduced by Spencer Is Approved Arkansas farmers whose croplands were acquired by the federal government last Summer in connection with military training camps and war defense industries will receive agricultural conservation payments, T. A. Cornelius, president of the Hempstead County Farm Bureau, lias been notified by Senator Lloyd Spencer of Arkansas. A bill introduced by Senator Spencer providing for conservation payments recently was approved by the congress, bringing to a successful culmination a movement originated by ..i ucu.uv.-i> uvui me uiu^.m mmi ouu- the Hempstead County Farm Bureau day; that German bombers damaged several months back when farmers (i ships and a destroyer in the Crimean cvvacuated from the Army's shell port of Feodosya and that submarines proving ground site near Hope were in the Atlantic, Arctic and Mediter- notified that these payments would ranean waters had recently sunk four not be made even though farmers had ships. Says Finns May Ask for Peace With Russia Rout of Axis Armies Continues on Russian, Libyan Fronts By the Associated Press Adolf Hitler, still steadily losing the Russian footholds for which he paid so dearly, and harrassed at the rear by new blows of the conquered people, was confronted Monday by a hint of Finnish deflexion. Now, according to reports to the British news agency, Reuters, the in- fluencial Helsinki newspaper, Suo- mcn Sosialicemokaraalii says the time seems "a su'(table opportunity to break off military operations." Russian forces continuing a 2-day offensive north of Lake Onega were beaten back all along the line and suffered heavy losses Sunday, the Finnish war communique reported Monday. The Red army power drive was reported officially Monday to have carried through Belcv, 100 miles west of the German highwater mark on the south flank of the Moscow front. The Germans were said to have lost 2,300 men in dead and wounded in fighting for Belev. The Belev drive paralleled a pincer movement farther north to which Borovsk had fallen, heightening the ihreat of entrapment for the Germans at Mozhaisk, west of Moscow. With the Russian offensive in full swing against the entire German front the Finns may have concluded it better to strike a bargain with Russia before the full force of the Russian drive hits them. Thus British and U. S. efforts to negotiate a Finnish-Russian settle-, ment, once rebuffed by Helsinki, may be ready to bear fruit. Finland has long been regarded as the most likely state to be cut out of the Hitler camp. There was an upsurg of serial warfare in western Europe while over the Egyptian-Libyan border the Royal Airforcc hammered at Axis forces in the area of Halfaya (Hell-fire) pass. The air assault was timed with land attacks. "In the Adedebi area our mobile columns and air forces maintained their pressure on the enemy, especially against his communications lines to the west," a Cairo communique said. The Hitler high command said that five RAF planes were struck down in battles over the Libyan front Sun- Americas Newest A. E.F. in War Zone Tlio protest by the Hempstead coun- i ty Farm Bureau and its .subsequent the United States uses in a normal action received support from County year, but it will be a start, and in Farm Bureaus in other states where the future it may have become a com- similar situations existed and from plele new U. S. industry. With what the several state and the national rubber can be obtained from South federations. Senator Spencer's mca- America and with the growing plants sure covers all such situations in the producing vavrious kinds of synthetic nation. rubber, the United S'tates is digging Hundreds of Arkansas farmers were in for (he worst— the possibility of forced to leave their lands and crops last summer after they had qualified for AAA payments to make way for defense industries and military camps ground area and in theETAOINH particularly in the shell proving ground area and in the Camp Cliaf- fee area near Fort Smith where an camp is being erected. -«••••- .— !•»• W W. " Great Britain abolished the pillory a hundred years agy. Silver in Quebec Tho silver output of the province of Juebec for the first half of 1940 amounldc to 608,145 ounces, compared with 545,873 ounces in the same period uf the preceding year. Cotton By (he Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Close 17.63 17.84 17.99 18.06 18.27 18.30 January March May July October December NEW YORK January 17.50 March 17.80 May 17.9i July 18.01 October 18.06 December 18.09 Middling sjiol 13.17. Rev. Scott to Address Kiwanis Texarkanian Will Speak Here Monday Night The Rev. Harvey Scott, Tcxarkana, will address the members of the Hope Kiwanis Club, their wives, guests and out-of-town guests at the annual installation meeting in Hotel Henry Monday night. In a program arranged by G. T. Cross, the Rev. Thomas Wilbanks, also of Texarkana, and past Lt. Governor in Kiwanis will install the Rev. J. E. Hamill as president, Senator James H. Pilkinton, as vice president, and B. E. McMahan as secretary-treasurer. The following will be installed as directors: A. W. Stubbe- ruan, Charles W. Tarpley, G. T. Cross, Ed Hankins, Cecil Dennis and Buford Poe. Appearing on the program will be Mrs. B. A. Watson who will sing a solo accompanied by Mrs. Aubrey Graves, both of Texarkana, and Mr. Flem Ferguson who will render a piano solo. In addition to the Hope club members and their wives it is believed that delegations from Little Rock, El Dorado, Pine Bluff, Hot Springs and Texarkana will be in attendance. The banquet begins promptly at 7:30 to be followed by the program. •» • •» A Thought With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured unto you.— Mark 4:24. A li E I F tl '"^- Se "-- a! ' rS " S ' 1G — " som . cw . llcrc '» the Pacific war zone" after convoying 700 Japs Killed in Battle North of the Capital 4 More Enemy Bombers Downed Over Corregidor for Total of 15 WASHINGTON (&}— The War Department announced Monday that General Douglas MacArthur's Philippine army repulsed a Japanese attack with heavy enemy losses, estimating that at least 700 of the enemy were killed. American and Philippino losses were described in the communique as "relatively small." Losses Heavy The War Department said "this was one of the most' serious reverses suffered by the Japanese invaders since the war began." The Japanese attack took place northwest of Manila. At the same time the garrison of the Corregidor fortress shot down four more Japanese bombers in beating off the third successive air at-' tack. This raid placed officially enemy" plane losses over the Corregidor at r 15. 4 Bombers Shot Down Trie communique said that four additional Japanese planes were hit' but their destruction f was not • " Whites Treated Harshly by Japs Charges Discrimination Against U. S. Civilians WASHINGTON --(/P)- Japanese invaders of the Philippines accorded especially harsh treatment to American civilians in Manila in discrimination against all white residents, the War Department said Monday. Immediate speculation arose whether tho Stale Department would seek through the Swiss diplomatic channels to better the conditions of U. S. citix.cns in the island. Switzerland is looking after the U. S. interests in Japan. Doemi, in a news broadcast from Tokyo heard in London, quoted high sources in the imperial high command as denying reports from the Philippine capit.il "indicating dcscrim- ination against Americans by occupying Japanese forces n marked contrast to previously accorded Japanese civilians by American troops." Battered Body of Perringaux Found VICHY —(.-P)— The battered body of Yves Perringaux, secretary to interior minister, Pierre Pucheu, has been found along the railroad tracks between Paris and Troyes in the German occupied France it was announced Monday. Harlan Fiske Stone, chief justice of the United States Supreme Court, played football at Amberst College. Hearing Set on New Well Midway Well Limited to 400 Barrels Tire Rationing Board to Meet Will Discuss Plan With Local Tire Dealers A tentative agreement was reached over the week-end between the Barnsdall Oil company, the Oil and Gas commission of Arkansas and a representative of the Petroleum Coordinator for National Defense for control of the Midway Wildcat well and other oil activities in the area. The agreement is subject to action at a formal hearing of the Oil and Gas Commission which has been tentatively set for January 27 at the Union county courthouse in El Dorado. At this meeting field rules for all pools in the state will be open for discussion, which includes some seven lime pools not yet fully developed. The geophysical on the Midway pool is approximately six miles long and two miles wide. A test on the discovery well Saturday morning showed a potential of 83 barrels an hour through a 1-4 inch choke with a gas-ratio of 350 cubic feet to the barrel of oil produced. Barnsdall already is planning to construct a pipeline to the Ouachita river, a distance of some 50 miles. Until the line is completed the Lion Oil Refining company will take the production either by truck or through a small line it would construct, it was announced. The tentative agreement follows: Tentative Agreement That the following proposal will be (Continued on Page Four) The Hempstead county tire rationing board has called a meeting of all local tire dealers for 7:30 Tuesday night at the city hall. At this meeting George Robison, member of the board who attended the statewide meeting last week-end, will explain the rationing plan, Dorsey McRae, chairman of the group announced. The rationing board, composed of Dorsey McRae, Sr., chairman, George W. Robison and T. S. McDavitt, was approved by the Hempstead Defense Council and automatically bepome members of the executive board of that organization. The tire board will start functioning as soon as application forms are received from the state organization. Barber Shop Moves to New Location Keith's Barber shop formerly located on West Second street has moved its location to East Third, next to the Checkered cafe, it was announced Monday. The public is invited. Europe's Largest Lake Lake Ladoga, scene of Russian-Finnish fighting in 1940, is the largest lake in Europe. Nearly the size of Wales in area, it has a mean depth of 300 feet. Fifty-two bombers -took part in the 3-hour attack. ' ** Both the land battle on Luzon Is-' land and the latest air raid on the. Corregidor took place Sunday. General MacArthur reported that his forces crushed the attack, pre- 5 sumably in the Pampanga province northwest of Manila, in escaping an attempted enemy trap. Donations to Red Cross Bruner-Ivory Em- ployes Contribute Half-Day's Work Employes of the Bruner-Ivory Handle company donated a half day work to the Hempstead county emergency Red Cross drive. The drive to raise $50,000,000 for the Red Cross began last week. The Hempstead county quoto is 54,000. Bruner-Ivory employes follow: Ross Bales, Horace Billings, Ira i Bishop, H. P. Cannon, J. T. Cannon, Floyd Chance, Cecil Coleman, Earl ' Cox, Jr., Jack Cox, W. H Davis, Larry Dixon, James Duffie, Ambus Dunlap, Oscar Dunlap, DeRoy Dunlap, Oscar Flowers, Ed Groves, Lewis Hamilton, Lester Harris, L. E. Henderson, C. C. Hill, George E. Johnson, Pete Kelley, L. G. Kennedy, Ermon Lindsay, Chester Ray McKamie, Gilbert Odell, Clayton Pettit, Enoch Pondexter, Elvis Rothman, Eddie Royal, Belton Simpson, Lois Steadman, B, E. Stephens, Henry Volentine, Robert Ward, Harvey Washington, Cleveland Williams, Clyde Winemiller, A. D. Yates, G'dis Simnis, R. M. Brunei-, W. C. Brunei-, R. O'. Byard, J. R. Steadman, John Paul Jones (whole day) Elmer Belts, W. H. Prescott, Troy Kesner, Paul Kesner, Geo. W. Womack, Ernest Ward, Granville Townsend, Orville B Mitchell, Clifford Phelps, J. B. Prescott, Charlie Prince Ivory Jones, John Smith, Jack Lloyd, Clcl White, Herbert Dixon, Robert Coleman, Zilpha Keith, Christine Elliott, W. E. Brunei-, W. A. Beasley, Roy Brittain, Joe Bui-key, S. A. Westbrook, B. F. Mitchell, Thorbun Galloway, R. E. Hill, Raq Sewell, Olin Crank, G. L. Cox, Benjamin S. Cox, D. W. Nelson, James Combs, Walter Jones, Ray Kitchens, Crayton Epps, Giant Marshall, Jack Brunei-, Louie Jones, Willie Brandon, Garland Neal, Roosevelt Garland, Lewis Sandefur, J. H. Kern, F. W. Chance. Roy Chance, Claude Collins, Cecil Kidd, Homer Gaines, Pete Muldrow, Jewell Jones. Guy E. Basye, Roy White, Robert L. White, J. M. Kesner, Eldon Steadman, H. B. Hoskins, Walter Chance, John F. Anderson, Dillard McGarity, Glendon Slowers, L. C. Bowles, James I. Yeyton, J. H. Norvell, Robt, Turner, Charley Stewart, Logan Campbell, J. W. Ghormley, C. G, Washington, V H. Fountain, 0. L. Smith, H. V. Flowers, Neal Odom, Lounie Flowers, Wm. Rudolph Mor(Continued on page lour)

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