Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 3, 1942 · Page 4
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 4

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Hope, Arkansas
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Saturday, January 3, 1942
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Page 4
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i! lies Grand Strategy Seen Hinging on Singapore af. JOHNSON Scrvtap Military Wrifei HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS STON -The organization, ington, of a Supreme War ttt dhoct the Allies' grand of the war is, essentially, born recognition by military and leaders of the fact that this! ,,«.~.o-t of wars is all one war. >gSte,Atlantic and the Pacific are not ^^irtments, but complements. So the Allied strategyists meet -n. the green-covered table, their iffc&t attention will be given to the fol- ^Idtorng things: tSingaqore is the key, not only to , we Far East, but indirectly to the t. Mediterranean theater. It is Japan's 1; prime objective, because victory there * means far more to the Japs than does gf even Victory in the Philippines. And r V H means more to us in the long run. , V And Singapore is in danger sooner Ip-than was expected. Its p.-otecling battleships are sunk. !'-' The threat to Singapore was sud- ^flenly intensified by the all-out on* sJaUght of some 80,000 to 100,000 Japs * against the Philippine island of Luzon. y ( The land forces, fighting southwards j> through the narrow Malayan penin- |,sula are probably finding the jungles ^ helpful. Our army's experience ind- I V icates that in jungle warfare, the at- 6 tacker knows where he will strike, ?'ihe defender does not, and whether I f*from ground or air, has difficulty in ( ^seeing. If* To the anti-Axis team, the Philip- E pines are the 40-yard line and Sing- |Japore is the 15-yard line. 5- Singapore is the great crossroad of I the Far East, and on that crossroad fpis only our tin and ruber supply, but g^one of the world's great oil filling ^stations. We can best starve the Axis -, by starving the motors of its airplanes, j^tanks and trucks. To hurl back Hitler «<from the Caucasus oil country is not ^/enough unless we also hurl back Jap- pan from the Indies. Sabotage of oil \ WeDs could be repaired in a long war; j$ oil could be taken through the Red £ Sea to the Mediterranean, which tehn fiad become an Axis lake. lf)} Not all ot once, of course. First •t steps would be to use Singapore as a *' base against ships bearing precious war supplies from America, Austra- f jlia and India to the "new arsenal of > democracy" we are establishing in ; northeast Africa. All this is the pic- /- ture if Singapore falls. For it is the \Only place south of Hawaii where our t battle fleet can base. Hawaii is 5000 miles away, and a fleet can safely 7 range only 3000 at most. We have ,' tried, fay adding supply ships, to make J.iour fleet more mobile—but it is a f gamble. C' "V. S. Losses in Ships t-, -Must Be Replaced ;j. ' /That is why, to play our part on the anti-Axis team, we are hastening to I , replace our own losses in ships and ^stores. Guam's loss hampers the air £ f ferry, but heroic Wake and Midway ^ still there and so is unadvertised ,' - Important on the sea ferry is anoth- ,er unmentioned island—Cocos. That „ancient pirate haunt becomes, through f Costa Rica's war declaration, a treasure for the defenders of our great Tferry-house at Panama. T' Off the Canal's Pacific entrance, ,itiny Cocos is now a warning station ^against what struck Hawaii—dawn ^ajr attack from carriers sneaking up * ; Overnight That d&nger v as foreseen ,$^at Panama and two years ago I saw "g calculations against it, lacking only i ope factor—Cocos. Now Cocos slips •>|nto place. That's good news, for ?iiext to sabotage, Panama's greatest "^danger is from ah- attack—worst of alj, simultaneous attack from both jfoceans. , *;- Despite myraid difficulties, not only ' Japanese, but the Luftwaffe were known then to have planned for such JHI attack, preferably when ships were Singapore, great Eastern bastion of British Empire defense, is ringed with huge ccast defense guns like that pictured above, trained against a sea-borne invasion. Photo at top shows Empire troops struggling through the thick jungles of the Malayan peninsula, down which Japs.with jungle aiding them more than it docs the defender, arc driving south to attack Singapore from the rear. transiting the canal to meet a crisis like the present. And, one bomb in a lock .... Panama, Singapore, the Philippines; those three loom large in talk around the green-elotth table. There the Philippine picture looks a little different than in the rearlines. Perspectives have changed since we drew our defense policy for the 7000 islands. Under our former policy we would give 6999, fight delaying actions and scorch the earth everywhere save on Luzon where we would concentrate defense. It was thought thol if the Japanese could not take Manila, nothing else would matter, because our Pacific Fleet was stronger than theirs and would sink theirs and starve out Japan. Or if the Japanese did take it, we would take it back later. We were so sure of this that some thought we should not defend the islands at all— just come back and pick them up after we had beaten Japan. That was the old plan. It was dropped when Gen. Douglas MacArthur persuaded Presidents Roosevelt and Quezon that the islands could be held. But now come Pearl Harbor and air- power. Remote Control Became Important The intentoin back of the separated Jap landings in parts of the islandc that in old wars seemed remote and insignificant may be to use them a:, takeoffs for leaps over the once formidable Luzon mountains by parachute troops and air-borne infantry such as captured Crete. At any rate, they are takeoffs for bombing of the Manila area, especially of our naval installatoins. These are important right now, for while Manila, unlike Singapore, is not equipped os a major fleet base, it is a submarine base. And our submarines are among ihe world's best. , The 11 in cornmissioln are being increased rapidly (the confidential figures are astounding) and nearly fifty can cruise 12,000 to 20,000 miles, allowing plenty of time to lurk in the Sea of Japan or off Malaya. There the waters arc studded with Japanese warships, troopships, supply ships. That is Japan's weakness; she is all spread out: Malaya, Philippines, Indo- China, Manchukuo; and mostly spread out over the water. All those ships will be fine targets for our bombers when they get there, but only the biggest ones can fly from the Pacific Coast. Meantime, underwater, our pig-boats are already dooting beneath the keels that bear Japan's hopes of a Greater East Asia. That is because of that submarine base at Manila, which is so much nearer the theater of war than Hawaii. Submarine power and air power arc the reasons why we decided the Philippines are worth defending after all. Because from the Philippines we can give quick aid to Singapore and that means quick aid to China too, for if Japan wins at Singapore, she cuts the Burma road that is ChinaVs life-arlery. And presently, out goes the Chinese army. S'o we must help China and Singapore because that helps the common cause, which is our.cause. But we cannot take too many ships or planes form the Atlantic. We must watch the Azores and the other islands, Spanish and Portuguese, and all the Atlantic. We must keep alert wor a sudden Nazi dash fgo the Iberian peninsula and West Africa and their ports, for submarine warfare against our ships and one day, pcdhaps, an air-sea invasion of the Western Hemisphere. Nothing is impossible in this war of the world—and it's all our war now. ;• The Fuehrer Does Not Wsh to See Anyone r/ Today ^^^:%*fe««> : sv^:.-vjadg Foster Parents of Men in Need Red Cross Maintains Communication Lines By ELEANOR RAGSDALE NBA Service Stuff Correspondent WASHINGTON - When Americans answer the present battle call of the American Red Cross for a 550,000,000 War Fund, they don't, as a rule, ask, "Just where are my dollars going?" Thye see their local chapters training nurse's aides, or ambulance drivers and rallying blood donors to meet the Army and Navy need for 200,000 units of dried blood plasma. Probably they themselves are enrolled in a first aid course, or are knitting a sweater or rolling bandages under Red Cross supervision. Beyond that, the prestige and reputation of the Red Cross, built up through GO years of humanitarian service, is enough to hold their firm, unquestioning faith. The $50,000,000 special fund will be fighting on a 100 per cent American War Front. Remember that the Foreign War Relief drive in the summer of 1940 raised 522,000,000 for overseas work, and the regular annual membership roll eall handles normal peace time activities. Tucked away in a paragraph of the Red Cross Congressional Charter of 1905—only such recognition given to any welfare organization—is a clause providing that the Red Cross shall act "as a medium of communication between the people of the United States and their Army and Navy " Ked Cross Field Man Is Army's Go-IJctwcen In every major army camp and navy post there is a Red Cross Field Director. He is the only civilian welfare worker permitted an inside position. He acts as a sort of "foster parent" to the men of the outfit and has to bo an expert on military law, war risk insurance, financing, not to mention domestic relations and applied psychology in many shapes and forms. Last year G out of every 100 service men went to a Field Director for advice, guidance or emergency help. And there's where one branch of the "communications" activity starts. Maybe a boy has a telegram from home saying his mother is sick. He wants to leave, but the Commanding Officer isn't convinced it's necessary. A wire from the F. D. to the local Red Cross chapter in the boy's home town asks for a check-up on the home situation. Sometimes the local representative finds the case not so urgent, and wires reassurance to the anxious soldier or sailor. Often, however, things are pretty serious and the local representative confirms the need for the boy's return to the C. O.'s satisfaction. Then, as one Red Cross official puts it, "It invariably turns out the young man has no money to get home. So we lend it to him." In the boy's home town, if a service man's family needs any kind of home service, the Red Cross worker comes to the rescue. Races with the stork are not infrequent. Lending money to finance new furnituie where a home has been burned is another example. One mother heard that her ion had Saturday, January 3, 1942 been killed in the Louisiana maneuvers. She spent $39 on phone calls trying to find out the particulars, and arrange to bring her boy's body home for burial. Always she found the army on the move—no one could tell her how to find her boy. When a Red Cross F. D. heard about her colls, he went into action, contacting other F. D.'s assigned to communication work with different army units. In 45 minutes he had word back to the mother that her son had died in a motor accident, and that his body would be sent home to her immediately for the last burial rites. In Honolulu and the Philippines, Trinidad and Bermuda, Red Cross men and women are on the job. Iceland, too, has its staff—helping, advising, keeping the vital lino of cheer and assurance intact between the forces and the folks back home. Red Cross Aid to Casualties Red Cross recreation centers with game rooms and movies arc nearly completed in 55 big encampments. These arc built by the War Department, These are built by the War Department, but equipped and staffed by the Red Cross as another phase .of its work for able-bodied servic men. For handling the sick and convalescent there are assistant field directors —usually women—in the small base hospitals for less serious cases, as well as at the big army and navy general hopitals, like Walter Reed and St. Elizabeth's in Washington. They are assisted by trained recreation workers and by the "Gray Ladier." who make up the volunteer hos pital and Recreation Corps. The part that the War Fund will play in mustering 50.000 nurses as a Red Cross First Rcservvc for Army and Navy Nurses' Corps cannot be underestimated. It works like this: Graduate nurses apply individually to be enrolled on the Red Cross nursing files. By so doing, they pledge themselves for active duty with the Army or Navy in time of war, or with the Red Cross in time of disaster. First Reserve members are single, under 40, in A-l physcial shape, and are ready to go anywhere. Second Reserves can't consider military duty for one reason or another, but are available for local service and civilian defense duty. A similar roll of medical technologists who form a reservoir for Army and Navy needs is another Red Cross responsibility. Trips to army and navy stations arc promoted by the Red Cross for girls fresh out of hospital graduating classes. These stimulate enrollment for duty with the fast-expanding army and navy. Fifteen per cent of each chapter's contributions to the $50,000,000 fund is kept for war work on the local front. That finances materials for your home nursing course or buying yarn and flannel you arc making up for soldier and sailors. It helps to pay skilled instructors, who in turn train hundreds more volunteer teachers, who then train you and a thousand Mrs. Browns down the street. Barbs OUT OUR WAY By J.R.Williams OH, COME ON— NO,WES,X C/MN'T I COULD JP IT WA<B A (3UN-- BUT MOT THET/ NOT ON VOUNCb, INNOCENT NEPHEWS,/ I JUST WANT A SNAPSHOT TO SEND TO A COUPLE OP KID NEPHEWS IN BRING MYSELF TO DO IT—No/TEN VEARS FROM NOW VOU'D MATE ME LIKE A NEWLVWED HATES A TATTOOER THAT PUT "DAISV" ON HIS CHEST/... SUGAR, VOU HAVE NO CONSCIENCE-L VOU SNAP IT/ /THE CRIME New Nazi Defense Line in Russiq? U. S. has taken control of burlap, so doesn't have to worry about our supply. It's in the bag. Ammonia is used in making military explosives and also is fine for cleaning. We'll use it to clean the Japs. Some people are in debt because they spend what their friends think they make. "Uncle Sam Anxious to Enlist Large Dogs for War Duty"—headline. Smal feet, however, won't keep you out. Rich Illinois bachelor married his cook. Now he has a fireless cooker. A friendly tip: There is no scarcity, and the price remains the same on defense bonds. Easy lies the head of the family when he conies home late. People won't get the best of you if you make the best of yourself. The handwriting on the wall indicates that the house is rented. Christmas gave the high cost of living another boost—through the high cost of giving. Being sorry for yourself is wasting sympaty on someone you know doesn't deserve it. The only kind of a suit some women will press for their husband is a divorce suit. Possible Nazi winter line: [900 mi. long Kharkov SOVIET RUSSIA UKRAINE Edson in Washington Pacific Distances Another War Worry WASHINGTON - Eight thousand® seven hundred and one miles southwest of San Francisco is the port of Batavia, capital of the Netherlands Eust Indies. Five hundred and twenty five miles farther on is Singapore. And the sea lanes to these two ports now become among the most important of all life lines for raw materials into the United Slates. The sea caravans must be kept coming with cargoes of rubber and tin und manganese 'and items like quinine for tropical malaria fighting, kapok life preservers of the new ships und mcr- foi in the two-ocean Navy chant marine, sissal for ropes and lines, tapioca for starches and pastes and sizing, palm oil for treating metal plates. It is no military secret to mention these things now, for the world in general and this country in particular have known them since the defense effort began. Talk about convoying! From Singapore and Batavia to San Francisco across the Pacific is just as far as it is the other way around from Batavia and Singapore to London, across the Indian Ocean, up the Red Sea through the Suez Canal, across tlie Mediterranean to Gibraltar and up the coast of Portugal and occupied France to the channel ports. The routes are about equally hazardous, now that Japan is in the war and on the loose. Direct routes from Singapore and Batavia to the United States, across the China Sea towards Manila and on past Guam ond the Hawaiian Islands are of course closed, for there lurks the Japanese fleet. PANAMA CANAL Besides forts/ big guns hidden in hills, jungles, defend the canal Potential target of enemy saboteurs, warships or bombers is the Panama Canal, strategic shortcut that saves U. S. warships a 10,000-mile trip around South America in emergency inter-ocean transfers. is now oii&.si iL*, u^ost closely suer5s.UJion.es inJM.y/eykL North of New Guinea, easternmost of the Dutch East Indies, are the Jap mandated Caroline and Marshall island:;, with half a do/.cn or more bases from which commerce raiding submarines and bombers can operate like the 20th century pirates that they arc. Thousands of Islands This whole vast area of the western Pacific—GOOO thousand miles of it from Singapore to Honolulu—is as dangerous a theater of naval warfare as the Atlantic, and it is from two to three times as big. From New York to London is a mere 3000 miles, but from San Francisco to Singapore is flOOO. And this western Pacific is dotted with 10,000 islands .-ind reefs which mnkc the crossings all the more hazardous. You have to travel this area to get a real appreciation of its distances and times. In spite of these hazards, it is important that the sea lanes to the south seas be kept open. Next to Great Britain and Russia, these Netherlands Enst Indies and the Malay peninsula are as important as any ally the United States may have in this war. For from Ibis area there comes more strategic materials than from any other single country. Malaya, the peninsula north of Singapore, has furnished Die United State:; with '10 per cent of its raw rubber and 05 per cent of its tin. The Dutch East Indies have furnished another -10 per cent of Ihe rubber and another 20 per cent of the tin. On top of that, the Netherlands Indies supply 90 per cent of the world's quinine, 85 per cent of its spices, 66 per cent of its kapok. Putting the picture another way, the United States in 1940 took over a third of all the exports from the Indies, and for 1941 the figure will be even higher. U. S. investments in rubber plantations a- lonc total more than 540 million. Fighting Dutchman These Indies will punch their weight in any fight, too. Sinking of four Japanese troop ships by Dutch submarines in the opening week of the war is ju.sl an indication of what these Dutchmen and their 60 million native population can do. Nearly all the Dutch fleet escaped the fall of the Netherlands in May, 1940, and has been based in the Indies. Also, it has been augmented by the construction of a home fleet of mosquito boats, sub chasers and mine sweepers, manned by Indonesian sailors trained to givev an account of themselves in the best traditions of the Dutch "sea beggars" who lieked the Spanish in the hundred years' struggle with Spain. This embryo fleet of light cruisers and destroyers and submarines is the offensive arm of the Indies force, Hacked of course by squadrons of patrol bombers that cover the 3000 miles of water in which its islands lie. The army of the Indies is its defense. There is compulsory service for all men between IS and 4(i, whether native or European. There is a motorized force of some GOOO vehicles and a combat air force of American planes'. In May, 1910, when the Nazis invaded the low countries, Amsterdam flashed ju.sl one code word to the Netherlands Indies. It was "Berlin." That one code word .set the colonial government in action. Every German ship in a Dutch port and every German was seized. It would lake only another code word to pul the whole Netherlands Eust Indies into even more drastic action now. There's a town named Blue Moon in Kentucky. ORIANA AMENT BOYETT Teacher of Music-Voice, Piano. Art-Drawing, Painting. Studio G08 South Mair Street Phone 318 W ALLIED BATTERIES As low As... 53.49 Ex. (Butteries Recharged 50c) Oklahoma Tire & Supply Co. Associate Stoic Bob Elmore, Owner — Hope Bring us your Sick WATCH Speedy recovery guaranteed. Repair service very reasonable. PERKISON'S JEWELRY STORE 218 South Walnut

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