Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 2, 1942 · Page 4
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 4

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Hope, Arkansas
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Friday, January 2, 1942
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ify Joins Approval of Cotton Plan Formers Vote Overwhelmingly for Marketing Quotas Cotton producers of Hempstead COUnty joined other cotton farmers of the Mate in giving overwhelming approval of marketing quotas for the crop for the 1942 marketing season. Official returns of the referendum .held Saturday, December 13, show that 83,704 cotton farmers of the state voted in the referendum with 81,227, or 97.0 per cent voting in favor of quotas and only 2,477 voting in opposition. Last year the total vote for the state was 102,489 with 97,573 or 95.2 per cent favoring quotas. Although the total vote in the state was smaller than it was last year the percentage in favor of marketing quotas was higher. Unfavorable weather conditions which were general over the state and the war situation probably accounted for the decrease in votes, Mr. King, chairman of the county Triple-A committee, declared. In Hempstead county, Mr. King said, the total vote this year was 1737 with 1700 favoring quotas and 37 opposing them. Last year the total vite in the i county was 1900 with 1817 favoring quotas and 83 opposin. gthem. The fav- irable percentage this year was 97.9 compared with 95.6 per cent last year. The vote, the chairman continued, indicates that cotton producers of the county realize the need for continuing control of cotton production and approval of marketing quotas to protect each producer's share of the domestic and foreign market for American cotton. The vote also indicates that farmers approve the general aims of the Triple-A program which are to support farm prices and aid farmers in getting a fair share of the national income, to conserve and build-up the soil resources and to provide abundant supplies of food and fiber. New aims of the program, brought about by the war situation, are to increase production of vital "food for freedom" and to adjust acreage and marketings of surplus crops. She's Really in the Rough OKLAHOMA CITY (#)— Mrs. Earl Rumbaugh's second shot on the No. 6 hole at Twin Hills golf course struck a tree. When she couldn't find the ball, she sent her caddy scampering up the tree. He found it in a robin's nest. ','It looks perfectly happy," he called down to Mrs. Rumbaugh. The Spaniards established the first permanent colony in New Mexic oin 1598 at San Gabriel. t_T r, ORIANA AMENT BOYETT Teacher of Music-Voice, Piano. Art-Drawing, Painting. Studio 60S South Maip Street Phone 318 W DRS. CHAS. A. & ETTA E. CHAMPLIN Osteopathic Physician! HOPE, ARKANSAS 404 South Elm St. Telephone 459 HOM STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Friday, January 2, 1942 The V Formation at Home iiM&i^f'iitiil Allies Sieze Timor Island Danger to U. S. Lurks in Fog of Portugal's Future By MILTON BRONNER NEA Service Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON — Australian ..and Dutch troops recently—suddenly—occupied the Portuguese half of the Far East island of Timor. That may have seemed a minor matter. But possible repercussions in Lisbon hold tremendous danger for American war vessels, .American mercantile shipping and even American coasts. The answer to the riddle will be furnished by Oliveira Salazar, the ascetic college professor who is Portugal's very clever Premier. A more benevolent dictator than Hitler and Mussolini, Salazar's whole preoccupation for the past two years has been to keep his little country out of war. He realizes Portuguese forces would be unable to resist German troops U they passe dthrough unoccupied France, across Nazi-friendly Franco Spam, and thence to occupation of Portugal. Some such move has repeatedly been forecast. It is quite possible now that the Nazis are bringing more severe pressure to bear upon Salazar, looking to the German occupation of Madeira, the Azores and the Cape Verde Islands. Their theme song would be that America's allies began the invasion of Portuguese territory by the Timor move. When, and if, such a demand is made upon Salazar, he will be placed in one of the most terrible dilemmas faced by any statesman in the past few years. Pressing her on the one side will be Germany's army and air force ma- chine. Pressing her on the other, will be the 500-year friendship and alliance with Britain and also the sure ^knowledge that Allied reprisals would take the form, of seizing vast parts of the Portuguese empire. German occupation of Lisbon and Maderia, the Azores and Cape Verde islands would mean: (1) Closing the last gate of escape for refugees from Nazi-occupied lands. Of these, 200,000 already have passed through Lisbon. (2) Arrest of many men Hitler and Mussolini are anxious to grab. (3) Sealing the way by which American civilian and military officers have flown to England and by which British officials have come to America. (4) Most serious of all, it would, as President Roosevelt put it last May, directl yendanger the freedom of the Atlantic and the physical safety of the United States an dof all Latin- America. The Azores Would Become Menace The harbors in Lisbon and the Portuguese islands would serve as bases for German and Italian submarines, raiders and aircraft. They would add to the dangers of the north Atlantic and present a new threat in the south Atlantic. The Azores, for instance, are one- third the way across the ocean from Europe to America. In the Azores are an important base for the Pan American Clippers, a powerful naval radio station and the bases for many cable lines. With the Mediterranean and Suez Canal dangerous for shipping, the British have been sending vessels down the Atlantic and around the Cape of Good Hope at the southern tip of Africa to the Far East. That route would be directly threatened by German bases on the Portuguese islands. German raiders and German aircraft carriers would be brought perceptibly nearer to the United States and South America. The Azores were a useful base in the first world war for the British and French and, later, for American war vessels. Insofar as it lies within Premier Salazer's power to decide, he would I be restrained from departing from ; Report of Condition of the CITIZENS NATIONAL BANK Hope, Arkansas At the Close of Business on Dec. 31, 1941 RESOURCES Loans and Discounts $ 274,107.55 Banking House & Fixtures 10,500.00 U. S. Bonds 100,000.00 Other Bonds and Securities 769,582.24 Stock in Federal Reserve Bank 7,500.00 Loans on Cotton 162,175.70 CCC Loans 48,943.68 Cash and Exchange 1,016,727.19 TOTAL $2,389,536.36 LIABILITIES Capital Stock $ 125,000.00 Surplus 125,000.00 Undivided Profits ..: 135,026.00 Deposits 2,004,510.36 TOTAL $2,389,536.36 $5,000.00 Maximum Insurance for Each Depositor. MEMBER OF FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM neutrality by his reckoning of what would happen in Africa. On the west side of Africa is the rich Portuguese colony of Angola, with its trade of the Congo river and its wealth in coffee, sugar, cotton and diamonds. Larger than France and ermany combined, it is bordered on the east by Rhodesia and on the south by Southwest Africa, which itself is a mandate of South Africa. The moment Salazar yielded to Hitler, Rhodesian and South African forces would, doubtless, seize Angola. Farther up the west coast are situated from north to south, French Senegal, with its great port of Dakar; British Gambia with its, port of Dakar; British Gambia with its port of Bathurst; and then Portuguese Guinea with its four ports of Bissau, Bolama, Bubaque and Cacheu. If these Portuguese pirts were seized by the British, they would form an important offset against a Nazi-controlled Dakar. Bolama is important also because of Pan American bases there and as a point near which America's bomber ferry line to Egypt passes. On the east coast of Africa is the great Portuguese colony of Mozambique, nearly 300,000 square miles in extent This possession is also surrounded by British possessions and by South Africa and would also be open to seisure if Portugal turned toward Hitler. If easy shipping between the United States and Portugal were interfered with , it would cripple American supplies of one critical material—cork. In ordinary years 60 per cent of American cork supplies came from Portugal. Last year the figure rose to 73 per cent and this year will probably be 90 per cent. Timor Invasion Bent Japs The Timor invasion was probably not taken without serious Allied consultations. Starting with the sea near Malaya, there runs the vast chain of Dutch insular possessions—Sumatra Java, Bali, Lombok, Flores, Timor North of this chain lie Borneo, Celebes and New Guinea. The southwestern half of Timor is Dutch. The other half is Portuguese Not so long ago, although there was no commercial trade to justify it, Japan got permission to run "civilian 1 airlines from the Palau Islands to Portuguese Timor. It was a thinly disquised militayy move. Airplanes Lifvinov Takes the Spotlight Russian Ambassador Is Popular in Washington By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON-The war has made more changes in diplomaic circles thnn it has in the map of the world —but none stranger than that which ins brought round, graying Maxim Litvinov into the Washington spotlight as one of the most popular figures '.n the nation's capital. If this were Hollywood, it would be a safe bet that only President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill (during his visit) would be nny more sought after by the autograph hounds than the paunchy, smiling ambassador from the U. S. S. R., who, because he also holds the title of Deputy Commissar for Foreign Affairs, outranks all diplomats here with the single exception of the British ambassador. Lotd Halifax, who like wise has retained his status as a member of the British cabinet. That, however, is a protocol rating and has nothing to do with the fact that ex-revolutionary, one-time exile in Siberia, and in-aga'm, oul- again favorite of Josef Stnlin, rates tops in popularity with official and unofficial Washington. The capital press corps especially has placed its approval stamp on the man from Communist-land and there's good reason for it. In his conferences in the big Sixteenth Street embassy, Litvinotf greets the Indies and gentlemen of the press with a big smile that deepens the creases in his heavily lined face and threatens to displace his oval-shaped spectacles. His manner is eiisy. It impresses one as being more frank than that of official spokesmen of our even more firmly established Allies in the War on the Axis. At times it is almost confidential. When a question treads too close to subjects he does not wish to discuss, he displays a Russian genius for skirting the issue with-out seeming to refuse an answer. That kind of double-dealing the newspaper men can understand—and appreciate. It is difficult to say if, in taking over the reins here, Litvinov has made any great difference in the running of the embassy staff. One who should know, assures me that the now huge staff is happier than it has been since the United States shifted from a cold shoulder to an outstretched hand in its attitude toward the Soviets. Certainly the diplomatic relations between the United States and the Soviet Repubjlics seem to be functioning smoothly, for the latchstring is nearly always out for Litvinov both at the State Department and the White House. While there is no evidence that the new Russian ambassador has been taken as a bosom pal by either President Roosevelt or Secretary of State Hull, neither is there any that he is in the least personna non grata, a state in which his predecessor, Constantin A. Ou- mansky,, frequently found himself. In other respects, Litvinov differs radically from the former host of the Russian embassy. Oumansky's functions were primarily social and titular. His job apparently was to keep up what contact he could with a nation that frowned on his own and maintain a brave front with the representatives o£ other nations who were more friendly. Litvinov, on the other hand, is considered Russia's greatest diplomat, in spite of his two years in disfavor with Stalin before he came to this based on Timor, can survey all the sea lanes threading between the Dutch East Indies. They would be only 450 miles from Port Darwin in northern Australia. At Port Darwin center airlines from Australia to India, Egypt and Britain. At Dai-win is one of the bases of the Australian air force. From Darwin would go transport planes, carrying men and supplies to hardly-pressed empire forces in the Far East So is is very plain why the Dutch and the Australians could not take any chance of the Japs getting a foothold in Timor. It is an important piece in the terrible game of war chess now being destructively played in the Far East. ARKANSAS </A5 <SIV£W TO PINE 0LUFF •«!&« 6C«ooL fooj-BAU. , TeAM BY (JoROOM M-FREEMAH «r Of IMAGINE. T« E A MARKEDJSEE .. STATION MAN WHEN AH AIR. PLANE CAME up AND AN AVIATOR. RAN OUT Of ^rAS. CAME DOWN, 3-07 T«E<JAS AND F'-SW A\VAf_ HE WAS A" X C^TRAN&ER AND NEVER. LEFT •Hli NAME. 4(!iTGSl<i&UY FAMOUS TV:» ejATSWAV To U. S; Trcibps Use Rivers for Defense • BAGUl Japanese Thrust* Rivers, marshes form ^* ,. v .«.w« I .^, Bayambang/ '"' natural defense bar* . ricri against Jap drive / **own volley to Manila I f ...,-\- ,fe f ON Pacific Ocean //•> ( ^VrvOlongapo ^5 - \ Suhir Bay Saut/t China Sea - •-• Cocreaidor *^* ISLAN Lamon Bay TJ.' S. defenders of Manila have established positions along tKc rivers «l Luzon. Troops in the north fought Jap attacks along the Agno river, in the south along the Taiong. " "" " WninieonSpot Makes Good Churchill at Ease With U. S. Newspapermen By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON — President Roosevelt has not been surpassed but he has been equalled at a game in which he was heretofore supreme—the handling of a mass press conference. The little man who tied Mr. Big was Winston Churchill, prime minister of Great Britain, who, in his own bailiwick, never holds press conferences at all. Facing enemy guns is one thing. Facing one's political enemies in debate is another. But facing a crowded room that includes some of the world's best reporters fairly drooling over questions to be asked is something else again. Looking back on it now, I can't tell you whether Mr. Churchill's masterly prcs sconfcrence generalship pleased the newspaper folk or President Roosevelt most. I have a little hunch that the President got a big kick out of the situation. For going on nine years, he has met this journalistic horde twice a week. Many of them he can call country. His assignment to the now world 'capital of allied resistance to .he Axis powers is full of rcsponsi- Dilities. He works hard and long. For that reason and one other, there s not much social activity around the Russian embassy these days and the ambassador and the staff arc doing no more pink-teaing than their most urgent obligations demand. The other reason i.s that Madame Lilvinov, who Defore her marriage was Ivy Low, an English woman, has been ill ever since her arrival in this country. A Slight Celestial Error n.v HOWARD w. BLAKESLEE AP Science Editor NEW YORK — Hie sun's distance from earth has been remcasured and ir. found to be 93,005,000 miles. This is between 100,000 mid 200,000 miles farther thnn previous mea- suvoinenls which were the result of centuries cf careful work. Tho announcement is from Dr. H. Spencer Jones, ustronomcr royul of Eiiglfind, made in "Monthly Science News," a new British publication. The added gap between sun nnd earth is about ns much us would bo caused by moving the moon three to five times further nway. The moon would look only about half us big us now. The new distnncc to the sun is the most nccuriite yet obtained. It is considered uncertain by n margin of not more than 100,000 miles. The former estimate, 92.850,000 miles, was uncertain by n 50,000-mile margin. The new measurement is the result of 10 years' inlerniilionnl study by 13 nations. This WHS made possible by the little planet Eros, 10 miles in diameter, which npprochcd within 16,000,000 miles of the earth in 19IH. Us passage was used ns a measuring rod for the sun. Astronomers would like to get rid of that last 10,000 miles error, for the .sun's distance is the font-rule of celestial measurement. As long as it continues uncertain other measurements arc affected. •sl Three in Two Terms There were three .secretaries of slate during the mlministrntion of President Woodrow Wilson. Bryan served until 1915, Lansing until 1920, and Colby until 1921. by their first names and he knows the questions they arc going to ask before they get out the first words. To him it's old stuff. But he couldn't have failed to appreciate the pressure which his friend and colleage was under, facing the situation for the first time. Proof of it is that in front of the conference, he warned Mr. Churchill thai he was up against an entirely different pack thnn ever confronted him in England. Your journalists in England, lie explained, arc lambs. These, are wolves. Then with what I am sure was a little bit of a gleam in his eye, the President put Mr. Churchill squarely on the spot by suggesting that ho stand up on a chair so those in the bac krows could see him. If you think that stopped "Winnie," think again. Up ho popped, all grins. And as soon ns the back rows got over their surprise in discovering that he had doffed his pea- jacket and paunly seaman's cap for black cont, striped trousers and a natty blue polka-dot tie, the applause rolled into a spontaneous cheer. "Winnie" had cleared the first hurdle. The main point is that he never failed to clear one from there on. He didn't answer every question without hesitation, but he convinced me and others that his hesitation was over search for the correct vernacular that would convey his exact meaning to the American people. He never was at loss for an answer. Even when the questioning dropped to such a low level that he was asked if he still felt that the Allies would win the war, he didn't snicker or bat an eye. He came through with a good old Americanism that he might have learned from his American mother. He said: "I sure do!" At another point, when a reporter asked what he thought Hitler would do next, Mr. Churchill still was in perfect form; answering immediately that if there was any one in the room who could give him that information, he would bo delighted. As such twists around sharp corn. ers came in the interview any one who could get a sneak view of President Roosevelt's face could jot it down that lie was having the time of his life. If Winston Chun-hill and Franklin D. Roosevelt don't wholeheartedly admire each other, then they have put on the greatest act in history. Perhaps the perfect touch came as tho press conference was breaking up nnd tlic news corps, probably having stood before TWO such world figures at the same moment for the first time in history, was breaking for telephones nnd typewriters . After all, Slid Mr. Churchill, he felt quite at home. It was just like meeting the House of Commons. Those who know the British parliamentary house system, where political foes hurl their sharpest barbs at the Prime Minister on every occasion, still arc chuckling over that one. How To Relieve Bronchitis Creqmulslon relieves promptly because it goes right to the seat of the trouble to help loosen and expel germ laden phlegm, and aid nature to soothe and heal raw, tender, inflamed bronchial mucous membranes. Tell your druggist to sell you a bottle of Creomulsion with the understanding you must like the way it quickly allays the cough or you are to have your money back. CREOMULSION for Coughs, Chest Colds, Bronchitis ALLIED BATTERIES As low As $3.49 Ex. (Batteries Recharged 50c) Oklahoma Tire ft Supply Co. Associate Store Bob Elmore, Owner — Hope Bring us your Sick WATCH Speedy recovery guaranteed. Repair service very reasonable. PERKISON'S JEWELRY STORE 218 South Walnut Statement of THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK Hope, Arkansas At the Close of Business December 31, 1941. RESOURCES Loans $ 272,321.85 Furniture and Fixtures 1-00 Other Assets 184.47 Real Estate 4,333.13 Bonds and Securities 525,655.76 U. S. Government Bonds 416,198.13 Cash and Sight Exchange 717,505.78 TOTAL $1,936,200.12 LIABILITIES Capital Stock $ 100,000.00 Surplus 35,000.00 Undivided Profits 33,836.46 Reserve 17,330.00 Deposits 1,750,033.66 TOTAL $1,936,200.12 Officers and Directors LLOYD SPENCER, President W. KENDALL LEMLEY, Vice-Presidcnt N. P. O'NEAL SYD McMATH, Cashier E. P. STEWART ROY STEFHENSON, Assistant Cashier JAS. R. HENRY $5,000.00 Maximum Insurance for Each Depositor. MEMBER OF FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

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