Wotvd-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 68 Star The Weather Fair and continued cold Friday night. Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, T942" Manila Occupied . ———_—____ _ ^_^ ^^^i ~* —— —i—_—_„ ^_____ i^^i Associated Press ons Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c Our Daily Bread By NEA Commentator — WILLIS THORNTON W fe. r £ 'You're in the Army Now . . .' The Young Men Are All Right Down the rood swings a column of men in khaki. At their head a small bugle corps blasts jauntily into the air a march f simply put together of bugle notes. One after another the men take up the tune and begin to sing: ® You're in the army now, You're not behind the plow. You'll never get rich By digging a ditch, You're in the army now! Men marching, singing, doing things V First Shot Is 'Fired at SPG ' Testing Plant Col. Cabcl Sets Off First v Shot Before Small Group For the first time since civil war days, Hempstead County rcvcrberal- ^cd to the thunder of artillery fire as official testing of explosives at the Southwestern Proving Ground be, gan Thursday. I Colonel 0. C. Cabell, Commanding Officer on the reservation, jerked the lanyard of the 75-millimeter gun •%which, with an ear-splitting explosion, sped the initial shell down its flat trajectory to the recovery field, which only six short months ago was rolling farmland in the rural section of a nation at peace. :fc Immediately following the firing of the first shot, Major Werner C. Strecker, Area Engineer, set off the second, and Mayor Graves stepped to the firing line to pull the cord for the third of the ten round initial, -test. Frnnk Johnson,.. E. B. Wuord, T. J. Cambern, Capt. Baker, Federal Judge Lemley, Charles A. Armitage and other key personnel on the project took the lanyard to fire the remainder fo the test. Using a gun of 75-millimeter cali- Jfaer, capable of hurling a missle more than 13,000 yards with accuracy, Thursday's test was designed to measure the Boulenge velocity of the projectile being fired. Technical equipment used in the test consisted of two wire screens electrically con- •^nected with a chronograph capable of recording infinitesimal differences of time. To conduct the test the electrical screens are set-up approximately 100 feet apart in such manner that the shell when fired, will pass through "(y:ach screen. As the shell reaches the first screen, tc wires are severed and the electrical circuit is broken with a similar result when the shell passes through the second screen. A chronograph measures the lime that has ^elapsed between the striking of the '•"first screen and the striking of the second, and from the difference the velocity of the shel lis calculated. No special ceremony was planned for the occasion but the quiet precision with which the test was conduct- Ojfpd in the presence of the small group spoke eloquently of the confidence with which, not only those of the proving ground, but of the nation as a whole, face the tasks of the future. The first, shot is history. Another blow has been struck at the forces • of ruthless aggression. Occupations by Free French Said Settled it BERLIN—(Official Radio recorded by AP)—Dispatches from Vichy reported Friday a rumor that Admiral Leahy of U. S. ambassador had presented certain conditions for evacuation of the island of St. Pierre and ,»Miquclon by French forces The plan was said to contain an agreement that the island fortifications not be used against the U. S. One room of the Carlsbad Caverns is three-fourths of a mile long. Cranium Crackers Americana, 1941 There was big news at home as well as abroad as the United | States continued to play a major role in the course of world affairs. 1. The U. S. Supreme Court got a new chief justice, two new associate justices. Who are they? 2. A U. S. submarine was accidentally sunk, and the U. S. Army *• got the world's biggest bomber. By what numbers were these craft known? 3. Brendu Frazicr and Cobina Wright, Jr., famous society girls, were both married in 1941. What J are their names now? 4. On the labor front, U. S. forces took over three struck plants to get work going on defense orders. Name the plants. 5. On the international front, U. S. forces occupied three re- A gions as hemispheric defense measures. Name the places occupied. Answers on Comic Page together. Men united in a common effort, with none standing to gain anything but honor, no profit to any, a common chance of losing all. All America is marching to that tune today. We arc all in the Army now. Soon every man up to 64 years of age will be registered, his every talent and strength thus placed at the disposal of the common government. We arc determined that none shall gel rich, whether il be by digging a ditch or building airplanes. The man at llio lalhe or in the shipyard is in the Army, too, not merely because he will be registered for service, but because his products arc part of the fight. The woman taking a man's place, Ihe Red Cross or air raid defense worker—they are all in the Army now, all serving, all marching. That part of labor which is organized has agreed to scllle disputes peace ably, without strikes. The government will act as umpire in its disputes, but will expect compliance with its decisions. If'this is less than military discipline for labor, it is because labor still works for private employers, while the soldier serves his people directly. The greater discipline applied to employes, the greater discipline must be accepted also by employers. Insofar as organized labor accepts in good faith the decision of government agencies in matters of dispute, it also binds employers to comply similarly. We are all in the Army now, and there can be no davanlagc for any except in the victory on which the future advantage of all depends. President Roosevelt spoke to every man and woman of this great Army when he said: "I have full faith that no group in our national life will take undue advantage while we are faced by common enemies." No group, and he might have added, no individual. * * * Some time ago we remember writing a piece by that title, at a time when Army morale was being heavily crit- j icized and it was feared that the young men of the juke-box generation had become soft, mentally, morally and physically. We're glad we wrote it, for it has been written much better since—written in blood on the sands of Hawaii and Luzon. The only trouble there's ever been with the young men now in the Army camps is the same trouble that lay in the minds of the whole nation—we couldn't quite take this tiling seriously; we couldn't quite believe it could really happen. The Navy, caught off base as much by the national habit of complacence as by any specific neglect, showed at Pearl Harbor that its men of today are fit to have sailed with Jones or Lawrence. The air pilots have already shown that they can fly with or against the world's best. The Marines at Wake are fit comrades for their predecessors at Dcrna or Chateau Thierry, and the Army is proving daily its kinship with the men of Lexington, Gettysburg, and the Argonne. Rev. K. L. Spore Asks Donations Urges Citizens to Donate to Red Cross Fund "In the special Red Cross Drive now in progress, we all have one of our first opportunities to do something for those who iiave been made to suffer by the attack of our enemies upon us. The people of Hope will surely over-subscribe its quota for this groat cause. Our quota is $4,000. The national quota is $50,000,000. Let us go on to victory in this drive as we, with our noble allies, will go on to victory in this cruel war. You will want to do your best when you are contacted by the committee." Kenneth L. Spore, Pastor First Methodist Church First U. S. Gold A 12-year-old boy, Conrad Reed, found the first gold discovered in the United States. Ho made his discovery in Cabbarus county, North Carolina, in 1799. Mozhaisk Is Object of New Russian Drive British Also Report Progress in Africa With Capture of Bardia By the Associated Press Russia's Red armies wore reported smashing Friday at German-held Moxhaik, the last of the great threats to Moscow, uflor Adolf Hitler rushed to the front in an attempt to halt the retreat of his battered invasion forces. Mozhaisk is 57 miles west of Moscow. Stockholm dispatches said the Fuehrer's new hednquarlcrs were established near Smolensk, 150 miles behind tlic fighting zone. New Soviet triumphs were reported by the Red army command which announced the recapture of SUiritsn, an important rail and Volga river city, 120 miles northwest of Moscow and Kaluga, 110 miles southwest of the capital. Red army vanguards were reported only a few miles from Mozhaisk while Soviet artillery shelled the German defenders of the city. On the North African front British Middle East headquarters announced the recapture of Bardia, long besieged Axis stronghold near the Libyan- Egyptian frontier along with more than 1,000 German and Italian prisoners. In addition 1,000 British prisoners who had been held there were released. A British military spokesman said that the bulk of General Erwin Rommel's retreating armies were still fighting in the Agedebia zone, 90 miles south of Bengasi but that because of bad weather conditions there was little change in the situation. m * m 'Farmers Must Sign With AAA March 15 Is Deadline for Cotton Crop Insurance WASHINGTON -(/P)- All Arkansas applications for cotton crop insurance must be filed by March 15, the Department of Agriculture announced Friday. Leroy K. Smith, manager of the federal crop insurance corporation explained that all application for insurance must be filed with county AAA offices on or before the specified date. Contracts must be sgined before the crop is planted. Units of U.S. Fleet Join the Dutch Forces 'Help Coming' Singapore Defenders Told; Changsha Partly Occupied BATAVIA-(/r')-Unils of the U. S. fleet have joined the Dutch Navy in defense of the widspread East Indies Archipelago. The official disclosure came Friday in a communique from the Dutch high command which reported that "one of the warships belonging to the American forces which are cooperating with the Netherlands Navy in defense of the region" had been attacked — without suffering serious damage—by Japanese planes in the north part of the island. Where Pacific War May Strike Northward Odd Table Custom During the 1880s and 1890s, western hotels and rooming houses customarily arranged table silverware in standing form with the knife and spoon set in the fork tines. Help Coming, British Say SINGAPORE — (K-) — General Sir Henri R. Pawnall, new commandcr- in-chief of the British forces in the Far East declared Friday that "considerable help is on the war to Malaya" where Japanese forces struck closer to Singapore in fresh landings on the west coast below the big tin town of Ipoh. His Statement, published in the Malaya newspaper, Kuala lumpur, did not disclose the nature of the help but said it is intended to fight for every inch of ground down the Malaya peninsula. Fighting already had closed in to approximately 190 miles from Singapore on the east coast in the Kuantan region and 275 miles on the west coast in lower Perak Province. It was in the lower Perak that the new Jap forces were landed and engaged by British defense forces, 'a. communique said. -^ t -„ ,,. J i Changshn Partly Occupied CHUNGKING— (K)— Japanese occupation of the north suburbs of Chans- sha, Hunan province, capital and silk '(Jentap was acknowledged by the Chinese Friday as fighting in a shifting no-quarter battle for possession for the city raged. Japanese troops supported by aircraft forced their way across the' Liuyang river into the suburbs the Chinese central news agency reported. Japanese warplanes attacked the heart of the city, unloading explosives from a low level and machine-gunning the streets. This may Alaska, Roosevelt has intimated ^arAmerka;^-- 1 -^--"^ 1 ' 3 "^ ar ° Und K ° diak ' in .Kamchatka peninsula. war supplies rnay be sent to Russia's Mercury Hits 17 Degrees Coldest Night of Season is Recorded Here Old man winter came in force Thursday night, shoving the mercury down to a record low for the season at 17 degrees, the University of Arkansas Experiment station reported Friday. High for Thursday was 50 degrees. At 7:30 Friday morning the mercury hovered around 18 degrees. Hope Laundry Joins National Organizatio Cook's White Star Laundry and Dry Cleaners, of Hope, Arkansas, has been accepted into full membership bj the American Institute of Laundering, research and industry representative of a majority of North America's 6,000 professional laundries. This announcement was receivec Friday from George H. Johnson, General Manager of the Institute, which lias its million dollar headquarters, laboratory, and model plant in Joliet, Illinois. Winnie Through a Window With that smile, that cigar and that V sign, it could be only one awn. Unusual picture was made through car window in Ot Canadian through car window in Ottawa, Explains Drive of Red Cross Wartime Emergency Campaign Calls for $50,000,000 The Hempstead county chapter of the American Red Cross is following the example that has been set in other places, in that we are asking each person to give one-half of one day's pay for the use of our men in the armed forces, according to E. F. McFaddin. Throughout the nation there is to be raised $50,000,000, and all of this goes to the relief of the soldiers and sailors and marines who are fighting our battle for freedom. This drive for $50,000,000 is entirely separate and distinct from the annual Red Cross Call drive. The annual Red Cross Roll Call money is used largely for disasters in local relief work This $50,000,000 is to be exclusively for our men in the armed forces of the United States. Just think; our men over in the Philippines and Hawaii are giving all of their time to fight the battle for our freedom. Some of them are giving their lives. We are asked to give just one-half of one day's pay as our part to be partners with them in the battle for freedom. In the last World War, Hcmpstcad County went over the top by subscribing 100 per cent in every Liberty Loan Drive, War Community Drive. Red Cross Drive, and every other drive of a patriotic nature. We cannot do less in this World War than was done in the last World War. The people of Hempstead County did not fail our soldiers then, and we will not fail them this time. Every person earning money is asked to give one-half of one day's pay; and the management employing any person is asked to give one-half of one day's profit. The amount contributed by any person will not be published, because the amount of a person's wages is his personal affair. But the fact that a person contributed one-half of one day's wages and the fact that the management contributed one-half of one day's profit will be published. The people of Hempstead County are responding to this drive in a fine way. On December 31st, the Bruiser- Ivory Handle Company and its employees went over the top 100 per cent. On January 1st, the Hope Basket Company and its employees went over the top 100 per cent. The banks, the stores, the merchants, are all doing the same thing. .The professional lien and women are each giving one- lalf of one day's income. Everybody is giving in the same proportion. That's our part as Americans, and that's as little as we can do. Every red-blooded American in Sempstcad County should make it lis or her duty to figure up one-half of one day's wages or one-half of one day's income and turn it over .o the Red Cross. Either notify E. F. McFaddin, the chairman, or R. P. iowen, at the Chamber of Commerce, he Treasurer, and someone will call 'or the money. Do it now. The forces of aggression against us are not waiting, u must not delay. Wildcat Well Is Brought in Oil Well Is Located Just Across Hempstead Line STAMPS —(/P)— The Barnsdall Oil company's number one, Edgar Bond, wildcat test in Midway community,' northwest Lafayette, near the Hempstead county line, was brought in as a producer Thursday night and the guage of flow was due to be taken Friday afternoon. Location is in section 11-15-24. The well was reported producing from 6,486 feet with oil between 32 and 34 gravity without sulphur. Gas pressure was described as 600 pounds on tubing and 200 pounds on SPG Teams fo Play Friday Three Game Schedule at Hope High School Hope fans will be given an opportunity again Friday night to see some fancy cage work as the boys from the Southwestern Proving Ground Basketball League take the floor at the local high school gymnasium at ( iou. The scrap between the Engineers- Contractors and the Contractors' Accounting Department, carded as the second game of the night, is scheduled to provide the onlookers with some real thrills as both teams are about evenly matched and to date a record of no defeats is held by the Accounting team. Bryan L. Milburn Is Made Colonel Lt. Colonel Bryan L. Milburn, who is attached to the general headquarters of the Coast Artillery Corps at Washington, D. C., has been promoted to the rank of Colonel according to a notice received by his brother, C. R. Milburn of Hope. He has been a frequent visitor in the city. County Cotton Crop Is Off 6,115 Bales Census report shows that 8,230 bales of cotton were ginned in Hempstead county from the crop of 1941 prior to December 13, 1941 as compared with 14,345 bales for the crop of 1940. Swallow Proof Mcmcbers of the Jain sect of India wear strops of gauze over their mouths to avoid inadvertent swallow- Sale of New Cars Stopped Production of Autos Halted by New OPM Ban WASHINGTON -(/P)- Sidney Hillman, Associate Director of OPM, predicted Friday that complete utilization of the automobile industry's machines and men 'might shorten the war by months" and declared that bom management and labor had unanimously recognized the need for halting civilian automobile production. Sale of new automobiles and trucks were prohibited by the government order mobolizing the automobile industry for war production. New OPM Ban " ; -" WASHINGTON -(/P)- The government Thursday prohibited purchase, sale or delivery of new passenger cars and trucks pending establishment of an automobile rationing system. Production of new automobiles and light trucks will be stopped entirely "within a few weeks." The order, issued by Donald M Nelson, OPM priorities director, is effective at once. Stoppage of production, In line with a policy adopted Thursday by the Supply Priorities anl Allocations Board will compel estabishrnent of a rationing system, OPM said. Purchases of new cars and trucks will be limited to government, lend-lease, and the most "essential" civilian users. Price Administrator Henderson, who is administering the entire rationing program effective January 5, will supervise the automobile rationing which is expected to become operative about January 15. OPM estimated more than 450,000 passenger cars are in stock with dealers. No figures were available as to the stocks of light or heavy trucks. -»-»-••• Installation of Kiwanis Leaders Pilkinton, McMahen to Head Local Club The Rev. J. E. Hamill, pastor of the Hope Gospel Tabernacle, will be installed as Kiwanis President for the Hope Club, in an installation meeting in Hotel Henry Monday night. Senator James H. Pilkinton and B. E. McMahan, will be installed as vice president and secretary respectively, and the following will take office as directors of the local club: G. T. Cross, Charles W. Tarplcy, Cecil Dennis, A. W. Stubbcman, Ed Hankins, and Buford Poe. Thomas Cannon was elected as a member of the board of directors, but resigned to enlist in the armed services of the United Naval Base at Cavite Bay Is Also Evacuated U. S. Forces United to Make Last Stand on 200 Mile Defense Arc By the Associated Press Japanese troops have occupied Manila, the War Department announced Friday as American and Philippine troops outside the capital battled the invaders in a grim last ditch stand. At the same time the Navy reported the U. S. Naval base at Cavite Bay 10 miles southwest of the capital on the bay, was evacuated before the Japanese entered the capital. Unites Forces General Douglas MacArthur's bold stroke in uniting his armies which had been fighting separately north and south of Manila along with consequent shortening of U. S. defense lines "necessarily uncovered the road to Manila and made possible the Japanese entrance to the city," the Washington communique explained. The War Department said advanced elements of the invasion hordes entered the city at 3 p. m. Manila time (!' a. m. CST). Resistance Continues The loss of Manila, while serious has not lessoned the resistance to the Japanese -attacks, the war department said. Simultaneously an official Tokyo broadcast asserted that part of Gen. MacArthur's forces were attempting to cross Manila bay at Corregidor Island fortress and that other American and Philippine troops were cut off on the Batan Peninsula, north of the Corregidor. The broadcast said Japanese boners were slashing at the troops mov- American soldiers and marines had evacuated the city of Manila • and Friday were reported manning strong positions in the jungles along a 200-< mile defense arc against overwhelming Japanese invasion hordes, pressing: from the north and south. Ragoon Raid Costly to Japs However, 1,000 Persons Are Killed in Attack RANGOON, Burma —(Dec. 30 delayed) —(/P)— Casualties in the first mass Japanese air raid upon Rangoon are known to total 1,000 persons. Losses in the second attack were officially described as negligible. The Rangoon radio said Allied air losses totaled six planes and six fiers i in defense which was estimated to have cost the Jpas 40 aircraft and 49 ail-men. The wrecks of 20 Japanese planes were said littered in various places about the city. !«• «-«-•Ware to Head Paper Drive j. . , . . i "•*- uun*_w .jfj vjutsa Ul Ult: UlllLCU. ing of an msectC being so fanatical- States: His successor has not been ly devoted to traditional Hindu vege- i elected. tarianism. Jains will not eat after dark for fear that they may swallow an insect. Cotton By (he Assocailed Press NEW ORLEANS Jan. March May July . Oct _ _ Dec 17.34 17.74 17,91 18.00 18.17 18.20 NEW YORK Jan 17.31 March _ 17.70 May _ _ 17.83 July _ .„ 17.91 Oct. n.95 Dec 17.99 Middling Spot 18.99. The main speaker for the occasion, which will also be a ladies night and intcrclub meeting, will be the Rev. Harvey Scott, Texarkana. The officers will be installed by the Rev. Thomas Wilbanks, past Kiwanis Lt. Governor. Mrs. B. A. Watson, of Texarkana will render a solo, accompanied by Mrs. Aubrey Graves. Another feature of the musical program will be a piano solo by Flem Ferguson, also of Texarkana. Groups from the El Dorado, Pine Bluff, Hot Springs, Little Rock and Texarkuna clubs are expected to attend this outstanding annual affair of the Hope Kiwanis club. The meeting begins at 7:30 with a banquet to be followed by the program. A Thought Love is a sickness full of woes. —Samuel Daniel. To Supervise Waste Paper Program for Scouts George Ware, Boy Scout Commissioner, has been appointed chairman of the Waste Paper Conseivation Program in Hope. All paper in Ward's One and Two should be put 011 the fiont poich Friday night. Scouts will meet at the city hall at 7 o'clock p. m., if weather permits, to begin the drive. If it is not taken, you may call any scout or Mr. Ware. People are requested not to call the Scoutmasters when they are working. Anti-Axis Nations to Sign Solidarity Pact WASHINGTON — (ff)— Ambassadors and ministers of anti-Axis nations came to the State Department Fiiday to sign the Panamanian ambassador Jaen Guardia described as a "joint pact of solidarity and pledge that none of the nations would sign a separate * peace." The Panamanian ambassador said the resolution had designation for 'il signatories. 86 or Population of Hong Kong, counting military personnel, totals 1,050,258 but without the Chinese ic± fugees, it is only about 750,000.
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