Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 7, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, September 7, 1939
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Hope Star V 0 L U M K 4 o—N U M BK R 282 WKATHKK Arka-nxa* — Fair Tliursdan ni<jhl and /•'•>•/////// HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,1939 MOVE PRICE 5c COPY ft ft PEACE ft ft ft ft ft A j.(L •*•.••*»•.._ * w w w w * ft w * # Another British Ship Is Torpedoed by Germans Off Portugal SteamerManaar LlnerManhattan safe T— ™.-. — A <• . . ~« —^ Sunk, 41 Missing; Warsaw to Fall German Army Only 20 Miles Away f'Yoni 'the Capital of Poland DANZIG IS RELIEVED rolls)) Currison in Harbor Munitions Di'pot -Surrenders LISBON. Poitugl -I/TI-- T),e 7,- L''t:> (cm lJrilij.il freighter Manaar wa* Mink Wednesday night off Portugal by wliiil .survivors declai cd was ii tor- | iff In finin n suhinai ine. Karly Thursday afternoon 'It of her crew of KK had nut been accounted, fni-. Al least two were killed and four 'Wounded. .Suvivur:, said llii 1 Manaar wa.s torpedoed wilhuul warning while her crew wa.s attempting li> iibiind her in lifc- llOilt.S. The submarine opened fire and de- .-tniycd one lifeboat, killing one man and wounding four. Uerniiiiis Ncr Warsaw BERLIN, Germany —(/!',- The As- Miciated Press was info:i,,eii officially Thursday that file Ger.nan army was already within 20 miles of Win-saw, lull oven this report was declared "probably already completely superseded." It was officially announced Thursday that the Polish Harrison of Wcsl- oniplalte, Polish military depot in Drin/ijj h;jrbor, had .surrendered. The Pole., ii.jcl been t ,iiclci Gur- nian ah- and naval attack since early iii^ the mill-nine of September I. Thus one of the greatest German fears, that Oan/ig nealy rejoined to the Reich, might be dc- Mruycd by the Poles .setting off the big We.sternplattee ammunition stores, wits .said to have been allayed. MIND YOUR MANNERS ». M. «eo. w. •. »»T. ore, Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following Questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Does a hostess .shake bands with her guests'/ 2. What might a hostess .say to departing guests who are thanking her fni the evening'.' '.':. When a hosles.-, urges guests l'> May longer, should the host Juiii her, or remain silent 1 .' •I. Should a lio.st keep urging drink.s mi the gue.st who musl drive liim.self hmiil? When a guest says "No thanks to the offer of a drink, should be laken al his word'.' What would you do if-When you aie visiting in a city, friends of a friend of yours at li'Miie "Mileilam yi«u. Would you (a) .Se.sd the hostess some gift aflei waid'. 1 'Iii Wnle her a ,,ute thanking liei •'.' Answers I. Ye:,. '•-. "I I wa.s wi IIK-I} to have you here." .'i He .should juin | 101 . •I. N.I. 5. Ye.s. Ue.sl "Whal Would y ( ,u Do" .solu- ll " n 'b' is expected and m ,-,<!- dilion (al j.s a gracious tiling to do. CRANIUM CRACKERS Liner Manhattan Safe in U. S.; 2,147 Aboard NKW YORK -(A't— The U. S. liner Mniiliiittan, largest American ship lo dock here since the outbreak of the war in Europe, arrived Thursday with 2.M7 persons aboard. WPA Rate of Work .Noodle NudgiTs. No. i! Many people have wondered bow fast WPA workers generally labor. Sumo observers are afraid there iirfiil any I'iguie.s Miiall enough to express this rale. See if you can arrive at the amusing .-..okuinii of this WPA problem. H-iOBLEM: If three WPA men do Ihiee days' work in lluee days, all working at the .same speed, how many days' work will one uf Ilic men do in one day.' Solution un I'age 'J'tto K Bright Star Preaching I leaching .services will be held al S o'clock Friday night at Bright Slur church, with the Kev. Ii. S. Kary in the U. S. Cabinet Gets 3 "War Members" Loans, Works and Security Administrators Arc Elevated WASHINGTON -iJt't- Prosifleiil Roosevelt Thursduy enlarged hi.s cabinet "for the duralion'of the emergency 1 to Include the administrators of loan's, work and security. At the .same lime the government moved .swiftly ( o crush the activities of foreign KI) J CS within the nation's borders, while an augmented naval and coast guard fleet .steam aloni} the Atlantic seaboard to protect American shipping. The enlargement of the cabinet was announced in connection with a cabinet meeting culled for Thursday instead of Friday because the president hopes to leave some time Friday for his Hyde Park home. Stephen Early, press secretary said the president had "no immediat pfcin-s" for calling congress into session. The additions to the regular 10 cabinet members were: Security Administrator Paul McNutt, Lian Administrator Jesse Jones, and Works Administrator John Carmody. Making a Soldier Is Very Quick Job Early Stages of War Mean Shake-Down in Officers Personnel H.v PRESTON (iROVER. WASHINGTON - The current panic among .some of the bigor-ranking army officers over the stale of national defense isn't shared 100 per cent by others who have a hand in keeping the enemy from our doors. Maneuvers at Pittsburgh and Manassas disclosed, among other things. tluH the top-banking reserve and national-guard officers—those form colonel uu—aren't especially good. There were exceptions. One reservist general at Mana.ssas, we have told, did a smart job. But it was no surprise to the ranks of the army to find this wa.s Hit- case It is a common joke in the army that fully half the colonels and general* in the reserve would be put to selling Liberty bonds should war start. Some of the others would be told to stay home and lake care of the kiddies. Some would bo worth a thousand times every dollal of government money spent in training them. However, nobody expects the early .stages of our W ar lo be fought with armies commanded by reserve or oven nalion-Kuard generals. There are in the regular army a well-known group (if upper-bracket officers who will slack up pretty well in a fight. They can compute how much railroad and highway space it takes to move 20,0(10 men with equipment to a designated spot. The know how to go about Liclting food there. And if the 20,0(10 must he expanded to 200,0(10 quickly they won't be altogether at a loss. One Tiling Has Changed The big difference between the present condition of national dcfen.se and the condition in 1(117 lies in other directions. Then we had an army completely unaccquainlcd with the problems of dealing with the civilian personnel that makes up the real national defense. That condition has been largely corrected. A widespread H. O. T. C. orgarii/.at- tContinued on Page Six) Two Shipments of Local Handles at Sea in Nazi Ships Brunei- - Ivory Products Bound for Australia and New Zealand FATE IS" UNCERTAIN 27 Tons of Paper for Star Bound for U. S. From Norwegian City Speculation arose in Hope Thursday over whether two German freighters carrying shipments of handles manufactured by the Bruner Ivory Handle company would reach their destinations. Whether the two German freighters arc .somewhere on the high seas or whether they have docked at some neutral port has not been learned by Brunei--Ivory officials. A. A. Albritton, assistant sales manager, revealed that one .shipment i« on the German freighter Testbank, headed for Melbourne, Australia. Sidled Before War Australia is now at -\var, joining Great Britain in Die conflict against Germany. The Tcstbank sailed from New Orleans before war was declared. The second German freighter, Frank- frieth, carrying about 20 consignments of handles to various ports in New Zealand, also sailed from New Orleans before war was declared. Most of the cargo for Now Zealand wa.s purchased by the New Zealand government, Mr. Albritton said. Whether the Testbank and Frank- frieth have docked in neutral ports or continued their journey on the liigh seas is a matter of conjecture. They have not reached their destination, as far as Mr. Albritton could learn. What would happen i{ they arc captured or blown up? If captured, the cargo would probably be transferred to some British vessel and delivered to its destination. If blown up or sunken, the insurance company would be called on for payment of the handles, Mr. Albritton said. A third shipment of handles was originally scheduled to leave New Orleans on the Gci'mim freighter Heidelberg September 23. Third Shipment Detained Since war has breiVi out, bookagc has been cancelled. The shipment of handles will be loaded on a non- belhgerant vessel. Current foreign orders of the Bruner-Ivory company, all calling for shipment not later than the middle of October, are lot- points in the following countries: Sweden, Holland, South Africa, Nor- n"r , A [ recntill;i ' Scotland. Denmark, British Honduras and Cork Ireland Mr. Albritton said his company had no orders for Germany. "We don't do much business with Germany because of the money exchange which lu lu " ullc " Mr. Albritton Mussolini's Peace Moves Seen Spurred by Italy's Perilous Military Position 'However, GcrnXny some of our handles 'may receive through trade agreements with other countries "We ship very | itt | c , 0 France— but bkc Germany, France may have other conncltions with countries we ship to-and receive our products that way," Mr. Albrilton continued. 'All future shipments," Mr Af- britton said, "would be un non-belligerent vesels." Star Paper at Sea Another anxious local hou.sc was Hope Star, which had 21 tons of paper scheduled for shipment from Oslo, Norway, the. last of August. The week-end that war was declared The Slar, had notice from its (Continued on Page Three) World Armies Hit New Highs Thc.se are latest unofficial cstmiates of the fighting i major European powers. Under j,- ie |,j Arms lU-serves Infantry Artillery Navy Democracies Britain and Dominions 1.7'JO.IIIIO BOU.IHM) l.OOO.UOO . r i(K),«OU 200,000 Fn " K ' c :!.us.ooo 3,000.000 2,ooi),ooi) 700,000 la'ooo p " h " l(l 2,5-10.000 negligible 4,725,000 575,000 ' trees of t.ho Air ftlcrli. Corps Units 20,00(1 70,000 10.000 300,000 10,000 200.000 Total 7.465,000 3,600,000 4,725,000 1,775,000 355,000 Dictatorship Germany 3,105,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 liOOOOO 75000 Still Neutral Jta| .v 3,125,000 3,500,000 2,000,000 700.000 100000 Russia I,940.(K«I 3,000,000 1.30.1,000 1(10,0(10 V 40,000 570,000 80,000 350,000 25.000 300,000 40.000 200.000 Mussolini's Men Are Scattered in Hostile Colonies And Italy Herself Is Most Vulnerable Nation in Europe ALL I ES^5F BRITAIN Egypt, Other Small Nations Depend on British for Independence By GKORGE FIELDING ELIOT Written for NBA Service LONDON — Bcnito Mussolini's last frantic efforts to secure peace fol Europe reflect clearly his realization of the insecurity of Italy's military position. Tliis insecurity is two- edged. Italy is insecule erternally against Angl-French attack, insecure interference, possibly domination. It is therefore unsafe for Italy lo enter war on the side of Germany. And also uncafe for her to refuse to do as told by Berlin. To consider the Italian military position, first look, at the outposts. At present there arc approximately fifty thousand men on the Dodecanese Islands, principally Leros and Rhodes. These islands are in an exposed position close to the Turkish coast, with no possible support near at hand. Reports that they are intended for an attack on the Dardcnclles, or possibly Salonika, in conjunction with an Italian thrust from southern Albania across Greece, overlook the impossibility of assembling necessary shipping and conveying troops by sea against opposition of the Turkish and Greek navies. , The latter would be supported instantly by the British Mcditcranean fleet, which is assembled in the eastern Mediterranean under one of the most vigorous and energetic admirals of the British navy. He is Sir An'drew Cunningham, who is completely ir. touch with the whole situation in those waters, and has ample force to deal with any Italian efforts. Italy Appears Trapped in Libya In Libya, the Italians have 80,00(1 men plus some native reserves. Here •>tuo}[ fi^i !\ D- ' f . ^HVONftiy"* I*'/'UA\S'; I"""''* '" ! " |v S 'T " !C '"' C(;ari0u f 1)osilion . ot JV^: and l '»- »lmost undefendable dispersion of l, cr forces. Most A,'!^ " l r °" C , i0 < CC °"°" UC )loc ^ ntlc ' * hc is Dually vulnerable to military attack from France (he Alpine passes, which converge in the valley of the Po River, historic highway of Italy's con- n n'^'Jhr SaI !Y (a r a " ,'T^ i" 1 LU) ,' n , hnvcF «»«" Tunisia and' Algeria on then- left, S-BriUsh n their r.pht, all ,l the Great British naval base on Malta before them. Fifty thousand other Italian sold- ue '."n'T Do ; li; " ca r'!?'?"!?' °«?»**y- « <*"»™ «« *<"«>»» fou^VSh G"«« i» i« ?ho R, !,'TH'? C fcrrlc ?, 'I »'? D n dCCa " C£C - a!riailst " lc "P^Won of the Greek and Turkish 1 , fl • , A , r !Ull>a ' 1 CC ' *" the WCSler " MwHIernineaii, the French fleet, assisted by the home fleet in the Atlantic, can mauibiiu a blockade against military or economic assis ancc to Italy they are confronted on the west could perish, •like all for with the French in Tunisia — secure behind the fortifications of the Mareth Line which is far loo formidable for any such Italian force to hope to attack with success. The Mareth Line cannot be outflanked because of the terribly difficult desert and mountain routes in which a whole army Also, the Mareth Line 1 „„ „„,, fied lines—can be both defense posi Lion and n springboard for attack. On the east, the Libyan forces face Egypt where Die new British coin- mandcr-in-chicf-of-tho - middle - ca.sl. General Sir Archibald Wave, the best informed and most experienced British officer in this area, has foc- cs within assure the defense of Egypt against any Italian attempt. The Italian army has two possible routes—one along the coast road on Alexandria by way of Mcrsa Mat- rub, at present an Anglo-English advance bashe, the other bv the Oa.si-; of Siwah. Since the British control all the wells, how to .supply large forces with water would be a problem indeed for an invading force. If 34 Seniors of 1939 Will Attend College This Year Here is the list of 1939 Hope High School seniors who will attend colleges mid. universities this fall. The total number is 31 Their names and the schools they will (attend: Catherine Anderson, University of Arkansas, Fayottcvillc, Ark. Mary Catherine Brunei-, Whcaton College, Whcaton, 111, Lconicc Bundy, Russcllvillc Polytechnic College, Russellvillc, Ark. Jane Carter, Henderson State Teachers' College, Arkadclphia, Ark. Mac Chamblcss, Magnolia A. & M. College, Magnolia, Ark. Evelyn Dossetl, Louisiana State Teachers' College. Sarah Ann Holland, Henderson State Teachers College, Arkadelphia, Ark. Mary Cornelia Holloway, Texas Stale College for Women. Virginia Ligbj Draughon's Business College, Little Rock, Ark. Audrey McAdams, St. Vincent's bchool for Nurses. Margery Moses, Washington D C Mona Mae Padgitt, Louisiana Stale University. Miriam Porter, Magnolia A. & College. Margaret Simms, Teachers' College. Marion Smith, Henderson Stale M. Henderson Stale Teachers' College. Mary Evelyn Whitworth, University of Arkansas. Frances Yocum, Henderson State Teachers' College. Earlic Archer, University of Ar- Henderson State John Barrow, Teachers' College. J. W. Booth, Pasadena Junior College, Pasadena, California. Sy voile Burke, Russcllville technic College. Dorscy Fuller, Henderson Poly- State Teachers' College. Henry Green, Magnolia A. & M College. Terrell 1-Iut.son, Henderson State Teacher's College. Edward Lester, Hendrix College. J. T. Luck, Hendrix College. Bobby Reynerson, University of Arkansas. Parks Rowland, U. S. Navy Harold Sandlin, Ouachita College. Fre.x Taylor, University of Arkansas. Welilun Taylor. Hugi.nHa A & M College. J.'ni While, Centenary College. Martha Vftckard, University fo Mississippi. Jim Cook, nut-sellville College. Legion Meeting to Be Held Thursday To Discuss Financial Campaign Lo Build New Legion Hut T, S. Cornelius, general chairjiian of "B *un_,j. ii i the A'mcrican Legion building prn- IMe Italian had to bring water with i flram, urged every ex-service man in i horn (Jinit /-.,»! ,\ f ),,,.(... _ -j» - . ,\. _ . . "' • , . ouM not move either fast them, they or far, _ addition lo the British troops in Kgypt and Palestine, there now are Indian troops in Egypt plus and Kgyp- lam army which is being much improved and enlarged and which will Egyptian alliacc. Kalians Kasy to Blockade I have just come through Egypt by the la.st neutral airliner to cross central Europe. 1 can say with assurance that the Egyptian people realize thai, what ever their difercm-e.s at times with the British government. their independence is assured by British victory, but would be io.sl by German-Italian victory. "And. wliatcvei politicians may fay or do, in this fact lies the key to the attitude ..if all the small peoples of the Balkan area. In Ethopia, the Italians have about 60,000 Italian troops, plus an unknown number of native levies of uncertain loyalty. These are sitting on the lid of a country .still j n y state of revolt in the remote regions. Thc> would ri.se up a.s one man if given county to at lend a meet ing of Hie logtoti post al Hope city hall Thursday night. The meeting begins al 8 o'clock, and the main topic for discussion is a financial campaign lo raise funds fo |eon.slruetion of the new legion hut at j Fair Park. Mr. Cornelius also invited all other persons interested in the legion hut to attend the meeting. Ashdown Robbers Given Furloughs Kenneth Wright, Burton Were Sentenced to ;!() Years LI'JTLK HOCK, Ark. -i,Tt Governor Bailey Wednesday granted (1(1- la.v fiirohieb.s tn Kenneth Wright and burton PO..IOII, senleiirpH to .'ill years in lil,'!?. for robbery of » n A.sb- down bank. La.-t week .sentences tn men chgable for parole. May Insure t'onvict.s (Continued on Page OXFORD, England --i/p, - In.Miraneel for |iri.soners that they mi s ht ,h-aw unompluymont benefit on their release was urged by Commander E. R. Foster, Governor of ParkhurM Prison, in Uic address here. mutinied Unmaking both Bailey granted a pardon to reslmc citi/.cn.sliip to William Grover Chaiu- bli.ss, .•.cn'eiieerl in in.S'7 l<> a year in the boys industrial school for grand larceny in LaFa.vetle cou/ity. , He free don ;t 90-day furlough eJsse | Lee Kflward. gi\-en five years for larceny and burglary in Union county in lanfi. Cotton NKW YORK - ( ,1'i~ Octobc. „ opened Thursday at 8.H7 and closed •A 8.50-52 Middling spot HUO. Silver Lining _UAYDON, England—(,1V-.Wlien Afex Kceble. 18. went to London to join the Royal Navy, he did .several things he bad never done before. It ua.s Ins fir.sl trip hi a train, and he had never -seen the capital. There is no white pigment in white October 1 Deadline toObtainPolITax Official Information Is Released by Attorney General Requirements for voting have been received by Hcmpslead county officials from Attorney General Jack Holt and J. Oscar Humphrey, auditor of state. This infoi'maiion, released by Frank Ward, deputy in the county sheriff's office, is as follows: "Act 82 of the Acts of Arkansas, 1939, changes the old law and provides that a person may now pay his poll tax up to midnight of the first day of October of this year (1939). "Please bear in mind that it is absolutely necessary for everyone who wishes to vote in the primary next year (1940) to have a poll tax issued prior lo midnight of the first day of October, 1939. "All persons who failed to ass«ss last year and who wish to pay thoir poll tax between now and midnight October 1, may assess delinquent and pay their poll tax without a penalty, under the provisions of Section 4 of the Aet.s of Arkansas, J.9M, which reads as follows: " 'That the collcrtnr.s of the various '••unities »{ the KUite are hereby auth- 'iri/cd and directed not to collect the penalties provided by law for delinquent poll tax assessments for the year lll.'iK. upon which assessment taxes arc to 'be paid in lO.'W," "Do not forget lhat you musl have a poll tax issued and dated prior to midnight October I, HWI. in order to vote m I he •primary of I'llO. "On account of the importance of this change in the law, which might bar- thousands of good eiti/cns from voting in the primary next year bc- <viii.se- they have n»t been made aware of tiir change-, will you pleaso inform ;.'b many people a., possible m coimliy of the change in the law. Hope Man Appeals Arson Conviction Womlanl Hreed Takes Ashdown Case to Supreme Court i.irn.r. HOCK, Ark. -\.v>~ \vo<.d- ard Breed of Hope, .sentem-ed to a year ni prinon in Little River circuit cuun recently n n an arson charge, apepaled to the .supreme court Wednesday. lie wa.s convicted in connection with a fire that destroyed an Ashdown hotel. In Franco, al the beginning of the present century, "hail rods" were er- 1 ttlor is likeicclcd to draw off clectircity form ihc the reflection 11 clouds, and prevent hail from forming. But They Aim to See Germany Win All Poland First Mussolini. Put Forth as Mediator—Talk Peace to British BRITISHJN FRANCE Reinforcements Arrive— England Pledges Curb on Submarines But They Aim ROME, Italy—(/P)—Discussions to eliminate possible points of friction between Great Britain and Italy were reliably reported under way Thursday. Italians predicted a speedy conquest of Poland by Germany, followed by peace overtures in which Premier Mussolini would take the initiative. British iii France PARIS, France — (ff>>— British reinforcements were moving up Thursday to join the French forces which mere reported official already to have advanced on German soil. The French and British general staffs were in consultation to co-ordinate their forces. (In Baeel, Switzerland, border advices said the German advance guards on the Western Front were withdrawing slowly into the main forts of the Siegfried Line. (The French advanced as much as fl'/j miles, these reports said, but moved cautiously.) To Curb Submarines LONDON, Eng.-{#)- Prime Minister Chamberlain told the House of Commons Thursday that Great Britain might 'rest assured" its navy would "increasingly bring under control" the raiding activities of German submarines. In a general statement to the house on the state o£ Britain's war activities and preparation Chamberlain asserted also that Royal Air Forces planes scored "at least two hits on a German pocket-battleship in their spectacular raid last Monday on (he Kiel Canal. Chamberlain denounced the sinking of the liner Athenia as a German "crime which profoundly shocked and horrified the world." J2S Dead in AUiciiia GLASGOW, Scotland —{({•)— The owners of Die British liner Atheuift, sunk Sunday night with 1,418 aboard reported Thursday that 128 persons are dead or missing. The Donaldson line pointed out, however, that there was a possibility that outward-bound vessels not equipped with wireless had picked up some 'if the survivors. Japan Nelural LONDON, Eng. The Ministry of Information announced Thursday lhat Japan had informed Britain shs "does not intend to be involved" in Europe's war. The ministry said: "The Japanese government has requested thai His Majesty's Government .should refrain from taking air/ measures such a.s might prpjudic'n Japan's position in regard lo Chin,?." Battle Developing PARIS. France -~(H>>~ The~ri^nc!i army swung its northern wing decpci- into German territory \Vedne?d?v in the facp of increasing N;m region' e. A battle developing Hlmic the 100- mile front between the Rhine r.ni Mo.ssola rivers on the cxlirive northern flank .spread .slowly acix..^ !'•-.•? romih countryside .soulhra:! of *>;•» Ardennes mountain!.. Newly mobilised t'ronch ifivf.-rci- ments were moving up toward U.c frontier behind U\e line of ;iU.i>:i; - ing troops. From bases far lici':'xl i! roared out in co-ordination Ml;.c!; againM (lie Saar mining area i.nd industrial towns 10 the north v. lia-h I'M-.u one of the main souri-o.s of w.-ir .--!;<plies for German liivi.-ioiij, op;>i'!u!n.'_; ion tho Mi.seUe valley. The sixth Matomcnl i.-suod bv ;'!.>» General Staff contained the fi..-t mention of German resitanee. All .iVr:. the front. French uriv.Jtu-e urn;;. \vnx fleeing out ("aornuiii field 1.1 s;.:u.-.ation. 5 uomatic \vhich were supported by (Continued on Page Three) A Thought As a moth gnaws M g,.i Chrysostom.

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