Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 9, 1936 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 9, 1936
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(>t } j R. tot M kflmV rfurt the ttilrf Jtftwfr had dftlvcml Him tor t <iV5>-S<. Mart, IMfl. 't Hope Star WEAIffiEiL day. VOLUME 37—NUMBER 76 <}&;>> l'rfi"« Ans'r HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1936 of lto(..-' ISM; I'VMW. 1927; Arkansas — Pal? thurtddy : and : PRICE 6c CO! PEEK HITS ADMINISTRATIO 0) -.... - . „ _ 4 — ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Here and There •Editorial By ALBX H. THE City of Hope has taken the first step in what will likely i 1 be a long and tedious campaign throuph state commissions and the courts to force down telephone rates. Under the new procedure provided by Arkansas law, however, the people are enabled to meet a great utility corporation on more nearly even terms than ever before. That isn't saying much—but every bit helps regardless. Arkansas today luis n Department j „.. . . (t of Public Utilities whose business it America Drawn in War to Protect Munition Money Senate Probe Reveals J. P. Morgan's Conference With the British NOTE ISTWITHHELD I " 1 S' to maintain experts rmd conduct lysicmatic investigations into utility rales. The procedure is this: Where n local community feels the present rate is too high the city council passes tin ordinance establishing new low rates. This doesn't necessarily mean that the rates ns fixed by the council will be the rales eventually ordered into effect. But the company is required to pout bond sufficient to reimburse each individual consumer for the differenct between the present and the future rate, back to the day that the city's ordinance wns adopted. This guarantees the consumer the full amount of the finnl saving during all the time that the dispute is being aired before commissions nmi courts. When the utility company objects j j to the city's rate proposal—as the | . | COT ,,p. in y usually does, and ns the I WASHINGTON- <fl>) - Negotiations j Southwestern Bell Telephone com- which found J. P. Morgan sitting pa ny hns, in the present instance— Bonus Bill Goes to House Floor; Is Assured Passage! Quickly Reported Out of< Committee, It Is Greet- ' ed by Applause HAS SMOOTH PATH Bulletins WASIHNGTON.-.(/i>)—Currency expansion to protect farm prices \VPS ndvt calcd In (he senate Thursday by Senator Bnnkhcwl. Aln- hntna Democrat, hi »n assault on the supreme court's decision Invalidating tbc AAA. U. S. Department of State Maintained Silence— Was Eve of Election down with the British Win- Council in the interests of American arms factories were revealed Wednesday by the senate munitions committee. The arms companies concerned, it was said, were Winchester and Remington. Committee investigators disclosed that the State Department, with the 1916 election approaching, withheld from publication for three weeks a British' note' received in n controversy over British interference with American. commerce. Both Morgan and Thomas W. Lamont testified that important banking interests 'stopd to lose heavily unless .. faetory.v'Ori.lnose- banks. It wns said.- they depended for Hooting n contemplated; British loan of $300,000.000. The rifle contract wns amoral evi- dencc that companies in which Morgan wasf interested sold the Allios 5:163,000.000 worth of goods before the United States entered the war. In in. ns purchasing apent for the Allies. the Morgan company engineered purchase of 3,000,000.0(10 of (foods for flic Allies at a commission of $30,000.000. By WILLIAM S. WHITE Associated Press Correspondent WASHINGTON-f/in-Source of a hundred sensations a« to the worldwide" secret activities of Ihe war gun merchants, tho senate munitions committee returns to its job determined this time to turn up the story of American World war loans. In the backwash of the committee's astonishing disclosures, congress passed in 1935 temporary neutrality law.s that were the broadest the country ever has known. Now, the investigators again become the means of dramatizing the views of (base who want rigid neutrality and control of the munitions industry. Already nn inquiry has been made as to how much it would cost the gov- IContinucd on page three) John Gilbert Dies Suddenly Aged 39 Famed Motion Picture Actor Succumbs to Heart Attack at Home pany the controversy then passes to th'. 1 jurisdiction of the State Department of Public Utilities. As the state department is pretty familiar with investment, valuation and operaing-c-'jst claims, from similar investigations conducted in other cities, the consumer public is likely to get n much belter break than in earlier days when an individual city elected to make a lone fight against the corporation through the courts. XXX The consumer public's contention will probably bo that while the cost 'of nearly everything c ^ so h" s gone down since 'T9zs), and' private income has bten greatly reduced, the base ccst of keeping a telephone in the of- fioe or at the house is as high :is ever. This corporation will probably reply 1h.it not as many people are using telephones today as used them in 192!), and the burden of maintaining the fystcm rests, therefore, on the remainder. But there nrc other issues that will New Measure Apparently! Harmonious With Ad- ! ministration's Aims i i ; WASHINGTON - (ft*) - The new ' cash-payment bonus bill rode onto the house floor Thursday amid the acclaim of supporters who predicted its passage Friday by a huge majority vote. A smooth legislative path apparently lay ahead. The bill would declare the veterans adjusted service certificates to bc "immediately payable." To those" desiring not to cash them it offers .1 per cent interest on them until January 1, 1945. Erosion Rallies to Begin Monday Start at Centerville, Then Bod caw, Shover Springs and Sardis TRKNTON, N. J.—(/P)—Attorney General David T. Wllcntz Avill neither oppose nor consent to clemency for Bruno Hlclmrd Haupt- mnnn when his case N heard by the Court of Pardons Saturday, It was learned from a reliable' sotitcc" Thursday. Hempstead Girl Is Best U. S. Canner is Beat Back Italians on Southern Sector 60,000 Defenders Beat Off 18,000 Italians and 25,000 Allies ADVANCE IS HALTED Selassie's Son-in-Law Apparently Victorious in Rift Valley Says Mother Sterilized Her An invitation i» extended to anyone interested in the soil erosion control program being sponsored by the United Stales Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service,'with headquarters for Hempstead and Nevada counties at Hope, to attend a scries of community meetings, to be held as follow: Contervillc—Monday. January 13, 2:00 p. m. Bodcaw—Tuesday, January 14, 2:00 p. m. Shover Springs—Wednesday, January 15, 2:00 p. m. Sardis—Thursday. January Ifi, 2:00 p. m. Members of the Soil Conservation Service staff will be present at these ADDIS ABABA. Ethiopia.tfp)—Well- informed sources said. Thursday that the Ethiopian government had received reports that a large-scale Italian advance had been frustrated in the F;iVP Sarrmpl Painfm-no Mo i Do '° rc 8 ion aftc ' r •''" engagement in,V , " . ^diJlUl Kb rvd-| volving more than 100,000 troops. tlOlial Prize and SoUth- j T" 080 sources said Ras Desta Demtu, PHI Auriivl 1 Emperor Selassie's son-in-law, who is ujji «. \\ciiu commanding the Ethiopian armies in the south, telegraphed the government that a new Italian ajtempt to invade the great African Rift valley from Dolo westward to Sidamo province had been frustrated. ' Sixty thousand Ethiopians defeated j 18,00(1 Italians and 25.000 Somali's in the i Dolo region, the report said. LITTLE ROCK—State Club Agent W. J. Jernigan announced Thursday that Miss Fayc Samuel, of Hope, placed first in the nation in the pickles and relishes-class of the na- tirnnl canning contest. Miss Samuel also entered the winning jars of canned chicken for thy f.outhern section, receiving a ring HS the sweepstakes prize and $12 in the sectional contest. Miss Faye Samuel is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Samuel of DcAnn. A Million Italians RC'.ME. Italy—(Copyright Asso- Frcss)—Premier Mussolini's million- j man army was shown Thursday to bc' at full strength. ; Wide-spread flag ceremonies during i the G3d birthday anniversary Wednes- ; day of the war-time queen. Elena, dis- j closed that there had been replace-1 A sensatipnal fight of daughter against mother, m which-Anti Cooper Hewitt, left, 21-year-old heiress, charges she was duped into a sterilization operation so her two-thirds interest in a ?2,000,(iOO fortune would go to her mother' if the girl died childless, is forecast in the §500,000 damage suit . filed by the girl in Snn Francisco. The heiress declared she had suffered years of mistreatment from her mother, Mrs. Maryon Bruguicrc Hewitt D'Erlangcr McCarter, right, internationally famed divorcee. But two San Francisco doctors and a psychiatrist, named co-defendants, declared the operation was. necessary because of Miss Hewitt's weak mentality. Other medical testimony Wednesday disputed this. Sterilized Girl Is Centennial Parley Sane, Contention j Is Again Failure Mother Imcnls wherever troops had gone to i Operation to Retail! Com^,,^ ChecksMurdayi Local0ilMento Taxes rnand of FRANCISCOi • * a " emsts . a PP? ared No Feasible Plan Found at Conference of High State Officials pros- bo pressed against the corporation, in j meetings and will explain the eo-oper- ' alive program and assist in the nrgan- i/ation of a Soil Conservation asso- elation, to bc composed of a rcpreson- talive from each community. Aerial i photop-aph.s of the area have arrived may tllcn conlc to hls offlcc and ob at the Hope office and will bo brought to the meetings for display to interested persons. which the public stands a pretty fair chance to conic off victorious. More than a year ago The Star asked the Southwestern Bell in nn editorial why a special charge WHS levied agniast customers using the modern one-piece speaker-receiver set known as the "French"' telephone. The company replied, "That's because we have to buy this set from another outfit." The "other outfit" happens to be j Western Electric company, which • makes all major equipment for Amcr- I lean Telephone & Telegraph Co., the j holding company for Southwestern i -^ , i rr 11 ri • Bell. But 1 think the rale hearing will ! POlKlCl' JUKI Holly RCCC1V- i develop this fact: That, the supplying j concern. Western Electric, is 98 per : rent owned by American Telephone £ Delivery at Office Week — County Tour Begins January 20 PRESCOTT. Ark. — Delivery of parity checks for Nevada county farm- l.crs will start Saturday, J. L. Hiler, | county iicent, announced Thursday. Mr. Hiler said that many of the cheeks clue fanners had been -received in his office but considerable .work had to be done before they could w * . pect Wednesday night in Ann Cooper Hewitt's < $500,000 sterilization suit ther, Mrs. Mar Hewitt McCarter. against her mother, Mrs. Maryon Meeting at Checkered Cafe Wednesday Night Is Attended by 35 Protest against taxes on the pe-i""Y""" jV~7," ™ >•—"«• "• ti-oleum industry of Arkansas were I re ^" 1 "l ! ^ "* fl'™ * kn '/ e - A New Jersey physician for a hospital for the insane and a nurse voiced opinions contrary to the mother's contention that the 21-year-old heiress to a fortune estimated as high as ?10,000,000 was mentally subnormal and possibly subject to difficulties unless bc rdelisc tl ; A Ci '!" ( T bo m!lllcd to ci »ch farm- L>1 ' cntlll( -' rl to !1 chcck - Tno tain the chcck Delivery will bo made at the office all next week, Mr. Hiler said. Slart- j ing January 20, the checks will be taken to various points in the county where the fanner may obtain them. C. M. T. C. Article Honors Hope Boy j Other Candidates i n Appear in State heard Wednesday night at a meeting of Hope oil men and service station operators held at the Checkered cafe. Frank Johnson, agent for the Standard Oil company here, led the discussion. He pointed out the existing high (axes on gasoline and oil in Arkansas and asked co-operation in fighting off any new taxes the state legislature might want to assess. Brief talks were made by other members of Ihe county oil dealers association. Approximately 35 attended. ed Medals at Camp Pike Last Summer HOLLYWOOD. Calif.— (,V, —John Gilbert, 39. great screen lover, died Thursday at his home here from an heart attack. The death of the movie actor was revealed when the fire department was called to his icsidcncc in an effort to revive him with an inhalator. FLAPPER FANNY HEO. U. b. PAT. OFF. Telegraph Co.—so that for rale-mak- ing purposes all three corporations, the supplier, the holding company, and the local company to whom you actually pay your monthly bill, may be treated as one concern. Another thing is this: The public doesn't know whether the cost of maintaining long-distance connections if equitably distributed as regards a city the size of Hope. Naturally a citizen who expects to be able to call Little Rock or Memphis or some other distant point at a moment's notice must absorb a fair "stand-by" charge —but there is a question whether the company distributes this cost equitably, or slaps it on that class of cities which show the least interest in rate- making matters. A recent issue of the magazine C. M. T. C. contains an article review- ' ing activities last summer at Camp j Pike and dealing with the awarding of medals to Zeland Holly and Ear! Ponder, Hope High School football players. The mefl.-ils, according to the article, were awarded for outstanding military performance. Ponder is the son of Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Ponder. Holly, captain and center of the high school (earn last .season, is the son of Mr. and Mrs. V. L. Holly Cazort for Governor—: Gates vs. Thorn for | Lieutenant-Governor j Smith's Brother Succumbs i Dr. Millington Smith Med-! l>8 ^ c ical Head of Oklahoma Authorities continued investigating legal aspects of the operation by which the girl allegedly was made barren 11 months before she became of age and began receiving about $1,500 a month income in her own name. District Attorney Matthew A. Brady reiterated the case doubtless would go. before the grand jury. Both Russell P. Tyler, lawyer for the heiress, and attorneys for Mrs. McCarter said they would produce experts to testify about the girl's mental condition, Ann was "perfectly normal in all 'rcspects during a sanity.test last November 7,' 1 said Dr. Lawrence A. Col- Hns of the New Jersey State Insane hospital stcff. His statment was made in an affidavit on file in Hackcnsack, where the girl has asked an accounting of her kmothcr's handling of the LITTLE ROCK-Harvc B. Thorn of i Harrisburg, speaker of the House of Representatives, and O. E. Gates, i Cleveland county representative, an- I nouncbcd Wednesday that they will j | be candidates for the nomination fo;-' I lieutenant governor al the Democratic j primary next August. I Lieut. Gov. Lee Cazort, serving his I «;COIK| cciifecutive term, has indicated Insurance Company OKLAHOMA CHY, Okla.-(/P)— Dr. Millinglon Smith, pioneer physician and medical director for the Mid-Continent Life Insurance company hen;, died early Thursday. Survivors include: Two brothers, Dr. Don Smith of Hope, Ark., and Dr. Dan Smith, Little Rock; and four that he will be a candidate for gover- ! sisl . CI ^ ' Mr,s. The crystal gazer .can't make her Local Historical Data Being Sought R e q u e K t From Federa 1 Writers' Project at Texarkana Postoffice In most communities, there are historical buildings, or other physical objects, such as (rues, valleys, anil lakes about which legends have rle- ve]o]>cd. Perhaps only the oldest inhabitant recalls the incidents, real or im.iyin- ary, which make these objects interesting, anil, when they die. local color will g'> with them. Then again, some person or family may have made a collection of stamp*, arrowhead:., coin. drawings and ));iintinys, etc. Citiwns of this community nmy know of a colonly of wild animals, or other national historic curioMly. or ;in unusual geologic formation. Tourists traffic, local, as well as interstate and nation- ul, is built on just such features which combine to give a fact individuality and background. In addition, individuals and familie; often possess old books, jiiaiiiisei-ipl.s, (Continued ou Page live) Nevada County Boy i | 4-H Club Winner! j — - ; win an (James Steed, 15, Captures, lj f, l , hal r> ' iir i. i j> /-i , : platton j Prize Watch for Cot- ; books. ton Production nor. Senator Sam Levine of Pine Bluff said recently that he probably will announce soon as a candidate for lieutenant governor. Representative Gates is a vice president of the stale Share-Our-Weallh ', organization and has indicated that he • will advocate the principles sponsored ' that organization. Included in his (form, he said, will bc free text- ' old age pension up to $30 a month, homestead exemptions up to $t.OOO, and revamping of the staleVs; PRESCOTT, Ark.-Jamcs Steed, 15- i !" xil )> ! fiy . slc ' nl . lo '"' OV [ ( ' L ' " a *>;*"-''""'' i year-old 4-H club boy of Nevada i lilxatl< " bilsc ' cl u ,l'°'> lh ° SL ' W"^ *'"> eiunly is the winner of the Elgin !"„. .'°i'^''.i, , , waldi offered by Robert L. Dortch. | .. "M ! ' i " <] llc wtl1 fi '™r a l»w which breeder of Roldo Rowden cotton seed ! , wl11 cnablc """' Malc lo <' ccovcr bucl < of Ecott. Ark. This announcement has ; ' 1IXI ' S f ',°'" ^rpornllon* who have, ju.-l been made by W. J. Jernigan. )' l "l>"-<.'ly evaded the lux laws' Male club agent ' thl ' ol| !-' M 'allure to make prypcr iu- YeunB Steed made the highest yield s]L ^ | »"-'»f 3 -" He reiterated a recent , .1 380 pounds of lint cotton on" one ' ck ' cU "' aUo " " u " '"•' IS W"^ to »»>' in eompeliticn with 12 other : j'Ppropnaticn tor a centennial eele- who entered in the county 4-H ; ljrallon - and Mrs. Laura ! Ark. Fanny Green of Gurdon, acre boys Rowden cotton contest. According to the regulations, ;it least 10 Loys hud to ei.mplcte- Ihe contest and file detail record books with the state club ay< nl. The club boys followed Ihe inslrue- I lions of the county agent os to the i hcM method uf preparing the soil, fcr- ! lili/.-ition. teed, and cultivation of the jen-.[j. I In Ihe X) counties completing th." liowclcu contest, ihe boys growing; HeKislcrecl Rowden cotton averaged | TO pcuncls of lint cotton per acre, i which compares to a yield of 231 j pounds in the state, or 199 pounds of i Mnt per acre for the average of tho j farmers of Arkansas. Oil Fields in Austria VIENNA.—(/Pi— Three' years of research work near Zislersilorf in Lowei Austria by Ihe Vacuum and Shell oil companies has eventuated in formation of Ihe "Rohoel-GewiniHiny.s A. G.", a development corporation with a capital of $1 jU.OUO. ('•reek Prince Ctiasl Guard ELGIN, Scotland.-(71-V-Prmce Philip i: f Gieece. atleucling Gordoun.stouir School near here, shared duties with the coast patrol ;it Burghend coast guard station as part of a seafaring course he is taking wilh other bovs. Football Blanket to Go to Player ; Fans Will Be Asked to : Help Out on Hope High : School's Plans The student council of Hope High School announced Thursday that a largo red blanket bearing the word . "Bobcats" in the center in big while- letters would be awarded In a member of Ihe li)35 Hope High School foLlball team. & election of Ihe player receiving the blanket will be determined by stu- cKuls and football fans voting for lh" individual. The council announced Dial any person could vote for Ihe sum of 10 cents per vole. The vole entitles Ihe person to have hi: cr her name stitched on ihe j blanket. Albert Jewell, president of the conn- ' cil. announced that fans would K' ; given an opportunity to .-.elect their player throiiuh a canvass to be launched in dewntown Hope. Proceeds, after expenses are deducted m purchasing the blanket, will be | used by Ihe student council to send j Hope: and Robert Crone -jf Texas; one was no more feeble minded than I am," said Miss Anne B. Lindsay, a nurse who formerly attended the hcriess. Miss Lindsay gave her ' opinion in an affidavit here. Miss Hewitt charges she was taken to a hospital for an appendectomy and later learned she had been sterilized al her mother's request. The operation was performed in 1934. She accused the mother of engineer- j ing Ihe operation to make certain the I fcirl never would have children to in- i hcrit benefits of the trust fund which otherwise would go to Mrs. McCarter. j Dr. Collins said he found Miss j Hewitt "quiet, orderly, agreeable and co-operative." He said there was no ' expression of delusion and she was i "correctly orientated in all spheres, i Her attention was easily held. j '•She spoke and wrote fluently in i French. She conversed in Italian and • had a fairly extensive reading of I Shakespeare. French history of Na- ! poleon Bonaparte and Marie An- 1 CAMDEN. Ark.—A district office of loinetic. King Lear, Dailies Inferno. | the National Youth Administration Dickens and the psychology of life." has been established here for the •Futrell announced Thursday after a conference of 'state officials with members of the ATk'ansas Cijritejiniiil-Eoni- mission that a "feasible" plan for. financing the-193G celebration has not been worked out. ' . . . , State Comptroller Griffin Smith, who attended the session at the governor's request, said later that he opposed the plans that were offered for financing the Centennial on , the grounds that funds will be needed in the near future to care for the inmates of the new State Hospital at Benton. State Banking Commissioner Marion Wasson and House Speaker Harve Thorn said "little progress" was made at the parley. Boy Scouts Will Meet on Monday To Dine at New Capital Hotel—District Officials Will Attend Boy Scouts of the Hempstead county district will dine at New Capital hotel Monday night, January 13, the Rev. George F. X. Strassner, district chairman, announced Thursday. Scoutmasters and assistants, troop and district committccmen from Prescott, Blevins, Emmet, Fulton are expected to attend. Scout Executive W. H. McMulIen, Scout Commissioner Wannic Stevens and H. Gardener, all of Texarkana, arc expected. The program will be in charge of the Rev. Wallace R. Rogers, Gus Bernier and Harry Seghar of Hope. Youth Aid Offered in District Office Available to i r oung Folks Registered at U. S. Employment Offices - J. S. Crane, 84, Dies at Ozan Residence Funeral Service Held at St. Paul Cemetery Thursday Afternoon program in . in. He Mr. thai J. S. Crane. 84, died at '2:'SO ; Thursday at bis home near O/an hucl been ill (or some time. Crane haJ been a resident of community many years. Funeral and burial servicis were held at 3 p. m. Thursday at Si. Paul cemetery, near Ozan. The services were in charge of the Rev. Mr. Rob- ci-Uon. Surviving are: Four sons, .Murray Stuart of Ozan; Jesse of near rcpritenlulives of the high school to Dallas next spring to uttujid the annual convention of the Southern As- sociali-.in of Student Government. daughter. Mis. Will Haynie of Oxan; and a granddaughter. Miss Charleitt' Chane. sales clerk for Georee W. Rob- '.nson & Co.. cf Hope. handling of the NYA southern Arkansas. The southern district i.-. composed of the following counties: Ashley, | Bradley. Calhoun. Chicoi, Clark, j Cleveland. Columbia. Dallas. Dcsha, I Drew. Hempstead. Howard. Lafayette, | Lincoln, Little River. Neva.ki. Miller. Ouachita. Pike, Sevier, aii:l Union. Edwin C. Dean. Caniden. U the dis- \ triet director. • Funds are now available for the ' Youth works program, and applications may be made for projects thai fan be classified under one of the feiir federal-type projects. These types are projects for yuiuh community development and r> leadership, rural youth uublie service (ruining, ami reseraeh. Youth employed 0:1 works projects ^liull be 16 to 25 years of age from ci rtified relief families and registered in Ihe United States employment of- lices. The project may be co-sponsored b.v any public, quasi-public, or non-profit making agency. Applications for projects or any lurlher inquiries should be made al the district office. Former Advisor $t Export Trade M "Tell Fanners A|f Rumors of His Appeal J tq il 70 Organisations Bi turb Government RALLY FOR F. D. S^peaks at .JacksoiM Day Dinner—Talmadge J\ Is Lone Dissenter WASHINGTON—(Copyright ated Press)—The figure of Peek, sworn enemy of some administration policies, -entered- -the 1 chaotic AAA picture Thursday, leading New Dealers to fear another itorm"* • of dissension. ,,, „ , ,Y Administration men received* 'wb¥3'tv that Peek, former Roosevelt advisor* i* who was stripped of his high powers rr and resigned after clashing with Set**. retary Hull of the Department of State, planned to communicate his . ideas to a conference of 70 farm organization leaders. "No" From Talmadge WASHINGTON- (yP) -The Demo; cratic National Committee upheld the New Deal Thursday with only one'! dissenting vote, cast by Governor Eu- >" gene Talmadge of Georgia. Without. debate the meeting adopt-^ ed a' resolution by Mayor Frank _ Hague of Jersey City, N. J. Chahv ?man Farley called for discussion, but _, no one arose. •. * , ¥ On the vqje there were rousing ayesVc * and a single, clear, loud "No" from the Georgia critic of the New Deal. • -, -President's Speech' WASHINGTON.—0 assault-orrtbpse"ne > n the formal opening of< Ule^DemocratJo?" campaign Wednesday night with, an? ?• indirect:appeal for support from v6t- J crs of all "political affiliations." <' Projecting his voice to htmdredsi,,of;;.' Jackson Day dinner rallies throughout > the country, the president asserted that the most recent language frotn the Supreme-Court would "affect, the lives of Americans for years to come." He concluded his brief reference to the high courts overthrow of the AAA' without offering ~an immediate substitute, but earlier in his address asserted that,the "basic issue" of the 1936 campaign will be "the retention of popular government."' Applause all but drowned but hisr, concluding words: "We will not retreat." A 70-second ovaclion greeted the president as he rose to speak directly to the nearly 2,000 Democratic leaders and adherents, crowded into a hotel ballroom for dinner at $50 a plate. Standing beneath a flag-draped portrait of Andrew Jackson, the executive was flanked on the right by Postmaster General Farley and on the left by Bruce Kremcr, chairman of the Rules Committee of the 1932 convention, who resigned as committeeman from Montana to practice law here. 'Continued on page three) Lessons i m Law-Making By the Associated Press II. Congress and Courts Perhaps never before in the history of the nation have the relations of congress and the federal courts been so interlocked as they have since advent of the "new deal" administration. The control of congress over the federal judiciary is more complete than the average person realizes. Tlie supreme court itself is, to a large extent, under the surveillance of congress, and the very existence of the lower federal courts is the result cf direct action of congress. The constitution provided for the creation of the supreme court and the law establishing it was passed by congress in 1789, The constitution also stipulated that "as the congress may Irom time to time ordain and establish" lesstr federal courts could be created. The last important change in statutory regulation of the supreme court way (hi- judiciary act of 1925 which limits that tribunal's jurisdiction and confines its judgments to constitutional questions and manors of national importance. Ci ngivss i> without authority !o uboli^i the supreme court, but it may , regulate the number cf justices and recreational j its mo.-t powerful weapon i.s (ho sen- cvclopmont. j alcV right to confirm nominations t" ihe court. Congress ha:* the authority to remove federal judges b.v impeachment. The house c-f representatives votes the articles of impleachment and the intending judge is hailed before the. bar of the senate for triyl. Tins hui happened eight times. Four judges \veiv removed, one resigned, and four were acquitted. Ti'inwi'inv: Oovs Oratory Pwv? i.

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