Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 4, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, September 4, 1939
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Hope Star WEATHER Arkansas — Fair Monthly ni-uh.1 awl 'Fmsda-u; not quite so warm.-in north and central portions Monday nir/hl. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 279 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDEY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY POLISH ETREAT: BRITISH LINER TORPEDOED. 32 KILLED __ , _, „ - - , „„-» : ^u^.M. ff. -» ^fr «. • • • ft m v • k. Y ^ •• ^^ • I n " J ' 1 W\ . Reading the War News in Hope Sunday The As.social.cd Press notified Hope Slur at 5:50 o'clock Sunday morning that Groat Britain had declared war on Germany — and mid-morning Sunday The Star issued a War Extra. These Star photos show the extra being read around town—TOP PHOTO, in the Checkered cafe; BOTTOM PHOTO, at Webb's newsstand. British Passenger Liner Athenia Is Sunk; 32 Are Dead Vessel Reports It Was Torpedoed—Germans Deny the Act MOST ARE RESCUED British Destroyers Stand Guard During Rescue Operations LONDON, Eng. — (/P)— A rescue fleet guarded by the guns of British destroyers was officially reported Monday to have saved all but 32 persons killed by an explosion which sank the Donaldson liner Athenia, which British officials said was torpedoed by a German submarine early Monday in the open North Atlantic. There were 1,347 passengers and crewmen aboard, which included American citizens listed tentatively at 311. Bulletins from British government agencies failed to give the number of deH. The main basis for hope wus the announcement which the Athenia's master Captain James Cook, wire- lessed : "Passengers and crew except those killed by explosion took to boats and were picked up by various ships." The first disclosure of the attack came from the British Admiralty at 4 a. m. followed an hour later by the statement that the ship was sinking fast. The next direct word was the announcement of the rescue, from the captain. Many Ships iu Peril NEW YORK—(/I 1 )—The high seal particularly the North Atlantic, was jammed with rich liners and vessels as prizes for the wnrring nations of ti rope. Greatest .single item of possible booty ;unong (lie 5-1 liners in the Atlantic wax the $25,000,000 British Queen Mary, duo in New York Monday Many of her 2,385 passengers, including .1. P. Morgan, are. Americans fleeing homeward. The Queen Mary was well into western waters and believed likely to escape the fat<? of tin) British liner Lus- Poles Forced Back; and Allies, Declaring War, Open Fire in the West (War map of Poland appears on Page 4.) WARSAW, Poland-(AP) A communique from the Polish general staff Monday announced the withdrawal of Polish forces from Czestochowa, a town of 120,000 in southwest Poland, after a strong offensive by greatly superior German forces using tanks and heavy artillery. During the struggle for the town there was a sharp conflict between Polish planes and a German armored unit, of ficial reports said. Warsaw for the first time since the war's beginning slept through the early morning without an air alarm. About breakfast-time a lone German raider flew overhead, causing a few anti-aircraft gun outbursts which were reported brought the German down in flames. -Photos by Hope Star Neutrality Law to Be Invoked by U.S. Will Probe Sinking of Athenia and Bombing of Envoy WASHINGTON—M')—Proclamations by President Roosevelt declaring American neutrality and invoking the neutrality law will be issued within 24 hours, the White House announced Monday. Department of State officials, meanwhile, said they were looking into the facts regarding the sinking of Hie British liner Athenia and the airplane bombing of the villa of the America] ambassador near Warsaw, Ambassador Anthony Biddle, Jr., reported to Washington that he believed the bombing of his villa was deliberate (.Continued on Payc Three) New World War Finds Kaiser Anxious Observer in Holland Wilhelm Studies Great Map of Poland—-But Thinks Hitler "Is Living Dangerously" He DOO'RN, Holland— (fP)— The former German kaiser, vanquished and exiled by the last World war, followed the new one Sunday night before a gigantic map of Poland hung in the great hull at Doom. Methodically and with the precision® of one long versed in warfare he placed little colored pins to indicate the positions of the opposing armies, their advances and retreats, the Polish towns bombarded and objectives falling to the German army. When Britain declared war Sunday morning the bent old man, once the "all-highest" of the German empire, sat hunched before a radio. lie May Listen Kir was one who could listen to the nu'nicntons decision without fear of the decree forbidding Germans to heed foreign stations under pain of imprisonment or possible death. Exiled in a neutral country, the ex- kaiser can make no statement upon world events. He is known, however, to have followed Hitler's activities in greatest detail. "Up to a year ago, before the annexation of Austria," recounted one who goes frequently to Room, "ti kaiser was a grout admirer of Hitler He fell, the Na/.i government, belle (Continued on Page Three) Hermans Deny Sinking LONDON, Eng.—(/Pi—A German •news agency release given out here by Baroij von Heisicker of the German diplomatic staff Monday vigorously denied Germany was responsible for tin; sinking of the liner Athenia. Dove Season in State To Open September 15 The dovo season in Arkansas will tot opened until September 15, D. N. raves, secretary of the Arkansas nine and Fish Commission, has an- lounccd. Mr. Graves said many sportsYnen ,vere confused over the opening dale .lite to the tact that last year the season opened September 1 and also jecn u.se 111 seaeson opened in Texas and Tennessee on September 1. The open season on dove was set for September 15 to enable further growth of the birds, Mr. Graves pointed out. Municipal Court Not In Session Monday itania which the Germans torpadoed May 7, 11)15, with loss of 1,198 lives The Lusitania affair is credited witli precipitating America's entrance into the World war. Rumor and speculation centered also on the pride, of tho Nazi niehchant marine, the S20,(wn.0()0 Bremen. After a two-day search by American customs agent, :;he sailed Wednesday (Continued on Page Three) Hope numicipal court was not ii session Monday because of the observance of Labor Day. A two-week docket is exported to be heard nex Monday, September 11. CRANIUM CRACKERS Memorable Events Test your knowledge of recent history with this list of memorable events of the last 10 years. Give month and year each occurred. I.Nazis assassinate Austrai's Chancellor DolHuss. 2. Will Kogcrs, Wiley Post crash. 3. Dillinger escapes. 4. Lindbergh baby kidnaped. 5.King Edward VIII abdicates, (j. Dirigible Hindenburg explodes. Answers on Page Two A Thought Man is madi- not lo question, but to adure— Youi.'g GUNS ON WESTERN FRONT ' BRUSSELS, Belgium-(AP)-Heavy gunfire from the direction of the German border, reminiscent of 1914, was heard Monday in Luxembourg. The firing began early Monday morning. Steel plants and furnaces along the frontier shut down as a measure of precaution. Meanwhile, King Leopold, ruler of this small country, took personal command of the army, and the cabinet reorganized in an attempt lo maintain neutrality. Food rationing was imminent. FRANCE OPENS ATTACK PARIS, France—(AP)—France opened land, sea and air "operations" Monday against Germany. The War Ministry announced the nation's full forces went into action in the campaign to relieve German pressure on France'* eastern ally, Poland. Details of any planned attack to crack Germany's vaunted "west wal!" fortifications across from France's Maginot line were withheld. ITALY STAYS NEUTRAL ROME-, Italy—(AP)—An added indication of Italy's intention to remain neutral in the European war was provided Monday in the announcement that Italian passenger liners would resume sailings in a few days. BRITISH FLEET MOVES OUT LONDON, Eng,—(AP)—Britain's mighty battle fleet took i?p its battle stations Monday to enforce a blockade of Germany as in the last World war while the guns of her French ally were roaring on the Western front. The, reformed British cabinet hurriedly adopted far-reaching war measures and appointed a high war command. Here, the great news of the day was the first war loss of a British liner which sank overnight. Winston Churchill, first lord of the admiralty, said on the House of Commons that a German submarine sent the Athenia to the bottom, and angrily accused the Nazis of "inhumane warfare." •* GERMAN FREIGHTER CAPTURED MONTEVIDEO, Uraguay— (AP)—Uraguayan coast guard headquarters here said Monday the German freighter Olinda had been captured by the British cruiser Ajax, and not sunk as earlier reported, by the British tanker San Gerardo. GERMANS OVER HOLLAND AMSTERDAM, Holland—(AP)—A Netherlands radio announcement Monday night said German bombing planes had been seen flying over Netherlands territory. (Continued on Page Four)

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