Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 11, 1941 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 11, 1941
Page 1
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News Impartially by Associated Press Consolidated'January IB 1929. -v>«, ARKANSAS - Cloudy witfa tt Thursday hight and Friday pffeeeeaX;? ed by rain or snow in the north tJ6n!i fcon Thursday; slightly warmer Frf^ THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1941 ^^^^^^. . ,— —~-- -• .• • • iMCAt "•?.""» "asouarea press f> ^H^k , . ., ' . JNEAl-MeoM Metope, Brt^h. A M ' n PRICE Se C( Germany, Italy Declare Upon United State # ' ''A # ^V Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN The World at War Americans Deaf to Wilson History repeats itself, and this day America finds herself OSr? C for m0 o r o e d a meSs ^ Germany — with Japan and War No. 0 Germans Being Pushed Back on Soviet Fronts O > Reported Also to Be Retreating Before British in Africa, By the Associated Press Russian acmjejs, claimed smashing new successes on the Ukraine, Moscow and Leningrad fronts Thursday even , as Germany and Italy declared war __ against the United States. '(/Soviet dipatches from the southern front pictured field marshall von Kleist s armies as retreating with new and bloody losses in the rout from Rostov-on-Don. On the central front the Moscow ,.., radio reported that 12,000 Germans '-'were killed and wounded as the Russian troops in the Stalinogorsk sector, 120 miles southeast of Moscow were credited with driving the Gerhans from six populated centers. On the Leningrad front the Soviet yradio said the Russian soldiers had dislodged the Germans from Tikhvin and were "successfully persuing the Germans retreating in disorder and have captured 51 villages," In Worth Africa British columns , were reported striking sharply at Axis ,'forces retreating westward across the Libyan desert from el Adem area, 15 miles south of Tobruk. arranged. Woodrow Wilson may have been a college professor, but as the American president who "sat in" for us at the Versailles treaty he was a first-class prophet. He knew that-France, pleading "internationalism" when calling for American help during 1914-18, acted strictly for herself when negotiating the treaty that ended World Wai- No. 1. And so Wilson knew that the seed was sown from which would spring World War No, 2. Wilson knew that the only menns of remedying a bad treaty of peace was to create a strong League of Nations, to perpetuate that "internationalism" by which France drew the United' States into the war, but which France abandoned the instant the war was won. But a strong. League of Nations could not exist participation. without .American V fireworks Set for Thursday Annual Program to Be Held at Hope City Hall V The Christmas Fireworks display will be held at the Hopo city hall Thiu'itiay night as scheduled and will officially open the holiday season. The Chamber of Commerce announced that despite bad weather the >• program would be held. » The fireworks were made possible by Hope merchants through subscription. The merchants also will rponsor a free picture show, through the courtesy of the Malco Theaters, Inc., for all school children of Hope and >«, surrounding territory at (he iienger WjJson^Jppk,.thJs Issvjerbefore ..the American people in the stumping tour which killed him. ,/ • But the, people were deaf. They were sick and tired of war. And, inexperienced with Europe's capacity for making trouble, Americans ignorantly believed they could safely withdraw and let France handle that which she had already demonstrated she could not handle without help'. Not a quarter of a ' century/ has gone by, yet the spectre of war we sought to wave into oblivion in 1918 lias come back* upon us. As President Roosevelt says, it is not a war of our making. But it has come nevertheless. Had we listened to Wilson this might not have happened, But our international duty now lies plain before us, Instead of behaving like a bac(c- shding Christian who once every 25 years goes to a revival and "gets religion," we shall in the future keen up with the rest of the world, meeting oijr international problems and solving them from day to day, For we know now that no major power can ever run off from the problems of the world. Those problems wil} find us out, wherever we are. Better to have a small amount of trouble now and then than to fight the whole world every quarter-century, : * * * By WILLIS THORNTON You Can't Block a Steamroller Only one thing is certain in this uncertain world— change. Only one course is hopeless and theater here. 5,000 school free show. Last season more than children attended the More than 50,000 horses are in use jn London since the restrictions on 'gasoline were imposed due to the war. , One Pulitzer prize of ?2000 is awarded for the best book of the year about , the history of I he United States. CHRISTMAS SEALS Protect Hooi« Buy now and put them on your holiday mail. They cost so little but do so much. Every citizen should lend a helping hand in this voluntary cam,- payn. Talbol Feild, Jr., County Chairman Rev. J. E. Ha- miA, City Chairman. very doomed to failure from ' the start— the effort to stand 'still. People used to believe, especially during the latter part of the 19th Century, that progress was law. Everything was inexorably moving forward toward a bigger and better future. There might be little interruptions and setbacks, but the trend was onward and upward, and nothing could stay it. Now, chastened by the events of this century, we are a little more cautious We no longer believe that progress is inevitable. We. believe it is possible, out only with conscious and continued effort. We have seen the possibility that the world may not move torward, but back. For the whole Large Vessel Goes Down Off Luzon Coast Enemy Landing Troops Confined to Aparri, Stimson Declares BULLETIN MANILA— (if)— The Philippine army was reported unofficially but reliably Thursday night fo have recaptured the region around Aparri on the north coast of Luzon and to be driving the Japanese invaders back to the seacoast. WASHINGTON-OT-The sinking of the 29,000-ton Japanese battleship Haruna by army bombers off the northern coast of Luzon .in the Philippines was announced Thursday by Secretary of War Stimson. At his press conference Stimson said the Navy Department had confirmed the sinking previously reported by the army as ; a battleship of the ; :Haruna class. -,, imson reported- that .•determined resistance by American '{forces had confined the Japanese landing on Luzon to the vicinity of Aparri at the extreme northern tip of the island. (From Manila, however, came reports that Japanese parachutists had siezed an airport 6 miles from Iligan in east Luzon. Aparri at the extreme northern tip of the island.) The war secretary said there were continued attacks by Japanese air craft in the vicinity of Manila Wednesday,, particularly on the air fields of Cavite and'Nichols field. Stimson said the losses of planes in the attack on Hawaii, although heavy, had already been replaced. Rumored U. S. Carrier Sunk LONDON-(/P)-The Berlin radio Thursday quoted the Japanese as saying the American aircraft carrier Lexington had been sunk off Hawaii. Sea Losses Grave LONDON — (IP)— Prime Minister Churchill spoke gravely Thursday of the U. S. and British naval losses in the Pacific and tile Far East and declared Adolf Hitler committed one collossal blunder in attacking Russia md predicted an ultimate victory in' North Africa despite unexpected reverses. Speaking seriously and appearing tired Churchill declared that naval might of Britain and the United States was very greatly superior and still s largely superior to the combined "orces of the three Axis powers, Many Saved LONDON-W-The admiralty announced Thursday that approximately 130 officers and 2,200 men had been saved from the Prince of Wales and the Repulse, Distinction Mode in Court Docket Name The J. A. Greenlee listed on the court docket for drunkenness is not Jack A, Greenlee, high school youth, , u lives a * 408 Nor * h McRae street. The Star is glad to make this distinction as there seems to be two persons by the same name. Peru is the world's largest source of vanadium and is said to be the Japs Say Wake, Guam Islands Are Occupied List Four War Aims Agreed on By Japan, Germany and Italy TOKYO-OT-(Official radio received by the Associated Press)—Japanese forces have occupied Agaria, the capital of Guam without losses to themselves and also have landed on Wake island, the Japanese reported Thursday. • .. An army communique said • 35( Americans including Capt. George G. McMillan, Guam's governor and the island's vice-governor and naval station commandant, were taken prisoner the report said. Domei reported the landing. A naval announcement said a y;,o destroyer and submarine were ..sunk and a transport damaged in a fierce Japanese air bombardment Wednesday on Cavite and Manila bay in the Philippines. .. / .™"; y ..The war bulUtm^saii'that atleast 81 U.'S. planes were destroyed in the attack, 45 in air combats, and that the hard hit Cavite naval base an arsenal explosion touched off large fires. Heavy damages were reported also on Nichols field. The Japanese acknowledged the loss of 5 planes, 3 missing and 2 which was said to have dived headlong into enemy positions. 4 Articles Agreed on \ TOKYO'-COfficial radio received by the Associated Press)—Soon after word i-eached here "Thursday night that Germany and Italy had joined Japan in war on the.United States the government announced that all three Axis powers had entered a solemn pact that none would make a separate peace. The agreement bound them not only to make war indissolubly together but also to make peace after it in a common front under the 1940 three- power pact. Foreign minister Shingenori Togo declared the German-Italian war declarations "together with the mai-cel- ous achievements of Imperial (Japan) armed forces unfold a bright future for the Japanese empire which is proceeding with construction of a new world order." He said the, three-power agreement provided: Article 1: "Japan, Germany and Italy shall prosecute the war forced on them by the United States and the British empire with all the forceful means at their command until it ends in their victory. Article 2: "Japan, Germany and Italy pledge that without complete understanding between themselves they will not conclude an armistice or peace with the United States or Britain. Article 3: "Japan, Germany and Italy after the victorious end of the war will cooperate most closely together on a basis of the tripartite pact concluded on 'September 27, 1940 in order to attain a new order. Article 4: "The present arrangement came into force immediately as it is signed and will remain jn force for the whole duration of the tripartite pact concluded on Septembei ~~ The Entire Globe Is Now at War U. S: Congress Retaliates With ' "• , "J Vote Unanimous as U. S. Prepares to Fight Axis t' j Powers !i BULLETIN f.' WASHINGTON ~{/P) - President Roosevelt signed the declaration^ of war against Germany .and! Italy Thursday thereby pittingJ nation's might against the partners of Japan. ' —— " By the Associated P'ess * Germany and Italy declared!; against the United States with"" Adolf Hitler declared 'the waj^woS determine the'history of the TWO! for the next 500 to l.OOO^yearsf Sale of Tires Is Prohibited Sales Suspended by Government Order Until Dec. 22 U.S. Studies Draft Act Would Require All Able Men, Women to Register WASHINGTON -(/P)— The govern- WASHINGTON —(/P)— The United ment Wednesday night banned the | States is studying broadening of the The Netherlands East Indies is the world's fifth largest petroleum producing center. °£%\ b°o c Please take pity on poor Mr. Herring Who is ranting and rayuig and tearing His hair fpr a tippet For his wife (a whippet) But he doesn't know WHAT they are wearing "**«' U SHOPPING BAYS TJIA CHMSTMA* The pahua, a large clam of the South Seas, can clamp and hold a human prisoner until death. Cotton * By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS December Close July ............................................ October ................. NEW YORK December ............. 1543 " ............................ March ................................... 1682 May .................................................. 16.97 July ............................................. ii Q2 October ........................................ n q g spot 18,03, sale of any new automobile tires to the public until December 22 to stop "a consumers' buying wave." The order, effective this Thursday was issued by Donald M. Nelson, priorities director, on the recommendation of the OPM's Civilian Supply Division. "Severe penalties," the OPM said, are provided for violation of the order, "The prohibition means," the announcement said, "that no new automobile, truck, bus or motorcycle, farm implement or other type of tire or tube may be sold by anyone—including tire stores both wholesale and retail; filling stations, automobile dealers or any others—except on preference rating orders of A-3 or higher. "The restriction does not apply to the sale of used tires and tubes, re- treaded tires, or to the sale of tires and tubes furnished with new used automotive vehicles. "Although the prohibition on tire sales is effective until December 22, a more permanent plan for control- ing distribution of tires is to be worked out." The O'PM said the consumers' buying wave had broken out after the start of hostilities with Japan Sunday. Motorists and others apparently feared the war would shut off the supply of rubber and decided to stock up. Watch Ixpert Joins Kay's Jewelry Store H. E. Baker, expert watch repairman, has joined Kay's Jewelry store, Located next to the Rialto theater, Sam Fine, store manager, announced Thursday. Mr. Baker, formerly of Oklahoma City, has been a watch repairman for 20 years, several of which he spent specializing on railroad watches. Ontario produces 62 per cent of the 3i-unary iron and steel produced i» we fiomMon of Canada,. selective service to register and classify all able bodied men and women in the nation for military and civilian defense,-Brig. Gen. Louis.B. Hershey, said Thursday, The director of selective service said at a press conference that it was the -"number one project at this time" and added that of the 40 million men in the nation about 25 per cent could eventually be made available to the army and the navy. Former Presidents Hayes and Taft celebrated their silver wedding anniversaries in the White House. Bulletins , WASinNGTON-OT-Navy announced Thursday that four separate attacks on Wake island had been repulsed by defending United State forces Jn the last 48 hours and that one light cruiser, and one destroyer of Japanese forces had been sunk. SINGAPORE—OT-Pcnana important port on an island off the west coast of Malaya was bombed late Thursday by Japanese planes the British headquarters announced. MANILA—W—President Mau- ucl Quezon of the Philippines and Lt. Gen. Ppuglas MacArthur, commander of the U. S. Far Eastern forces, Thursday received messages of commendation and encouragement from President Roosevelt. WASHINGTON—«=>-The S(ate department was informed Thujs- day by the American charge d' affaires hi Berlin that German propaganda minister says AJner.- ican f^wcspottdents lg custody were §alc w,d »•««, aftd vyiJJ be i»- feea Gejq»a«» cowcs- ajre set fcee. U.S. Admiral Is Killed ^ Isaac Campbell Kidd One of Victims at Hawaii WASHINGTON-(/P)—The navy announced Wednesday Rear Admiral Isaac Campbell Kidd was killed in action during the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Sunday. Kidd was flag secretary and aide on the staff of the commander in chief of the Pacific fleet, Admiral Husband Kimmel. Admiral Kidd reported for duty as chief of staff and aide commander of battleships of the battle force on February 3, 1940, and was in' command of a battleship division of the Pacific fleet at the time of his death. A 99-Year Lease Might Help NEW YORK — (/Pi— The veteran actor, David Warfield, is the perfect tenant—he hasn't moved from the apartment he rented 35 years ago, and has no intention of doing so in the future. He likes it where he is and is sure he couldn't find a better view of Central Park. It has a sentU mental value, too, because in that apartment he memorized the lines pJ the "Auctioneer," "The Music Master" and "The Grand Army Man." Cranium Crackers Defense Data Names, initials, figures flash by in a never-ending parade of the doings of U. S. defense. Call out your mental reserves for an all- out offensive on these questions about defense. 1. What defense offices dp .Donald Nelson, William Davis and Edward Stetlinius hold? 2. For what do the initials SPAB, OPM, OCD and OFF stand? 3. What important posts are held by W. Averill Harriman and Laurence Stelnhardt? 4. Mrs, Eleanor Roosevelt has a defense job. Who is her boss? 5. What is the estimated U. S. output for 19*1: ' shouted'from the balcony 1 'of' azzo Venezia in Rome,/ < ' Swiftly following the'"dffujial ceipt of the "German-Italian, dec aion the White House announced 'President' Roosevelt would sen congress at noon a request for a'cc er declaration of war on thesl and Berlin powers. ' " '"'T Speaker Rayburn said the'V?vov would...be taken immediately and se nate leaders advised the White " J that the :war resolutions will troduced and passed. °^^~f^& Washington already had discounfigy both declarations by the Axis'ppwerf*- with the official comment: "So whaV,'<l —and it was apparent that the Eurpn- is , ean dictators^ were offering JapaffS moral support rather than actual fight- H mg aid. C,'"V| U. S. Declaration „ , ., „ WASHINGTON -(/P}- Congress*^ voted war against Germany and "*"'" Thursday even more speedily „„„, it on Monday declared war on Japanv after President Roosevelt's request?' for such action against the fpreeYsL endeavoring to "enslave the entire ffl world," « &$*>!&£ There was no discussion ot>3^*% German-Italian declaration in elti branch wheie on Monday there brief speeches favoring the J a declaration after the surprise on Pearl Harbor, l-4*j Hitler and Mussolini announced W»* « mg the morning that Germanyi kn'd '-' Italy had declared war on the "~'* 7 ^' ?J ' States .and had also enteied „, new alliance to aid Japan, their partner, The senate vote was 88 to 0* the German icsolution and 90 to that against Italy, Against Germany the house J ,v,«^, was 399 tq 0 with Mrs. Janette Ran> ,?< km (Rep. Mont.) voting present. Sha" ?>r was the only member of congress'to^''I vote against the Japanese resolution. <g" I he senate quickly approved %r the lifting of the present *estrick«u n against the use of selectees and guards '* men outside the Western Hemis ' W "" The measure which would *fmtv» . all army peisonnel in service for thft %SH duration of the war and six months <^ thereafter now goes to the housefS *j! expected early action there. Two Resolutions Approved WASHINGTON (#)- Acting „ ly prior to President Roosevelt'? »„ , quest for a war declaration the se..' \ \ nate Foreign Relation Committee "ap,', •««, proved unamiously Thursday two *»- f solutions to put the United States*at * war with Geimany and Italy. ,; ' •> i m -• i Loco I Man Aboard : the U.S.S, Oklahoma/ ; M, Ellis was last reported 7 aboard the U.S.S, Oklahoma Pacific, according to hfe sister, Inez Mayo of Hope Route Four. Oklahoma, was mentioned in ing war.dispatches last having been set afire by bombs in the surprise attack; Hawaii. Kir. MliTi5a» jga (man reported with, tbe S armed forces at Hawaii or Ifee

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