Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 3, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Sunday, September 3, 1939
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WAR EXTRA Hope Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 278 WEATHER Arkansas — (,V ; »m///// fair Saturday nit/hl, <n,d HOPE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1030 1917 Taught U. S. It Had To Have A System For War Rich In Industry, But Its Industry Not Geared for A War IT'S PLANNED NOW Government Empowered To Fix All Prices and Restrict Faterials Second (if four Cation stories nn on America's position in die current wnr crisis. By BRUCli CATTON N'EA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON—When (lie World , War began (the first world war, thai was), the United Stales was a rich industrial nation, but its industry was not Reared to war. And so when America did BO to war, and found that its whole domestic life had to be run by a system as exact and inexorable as the reville-to- Ips of the training camp, a lot of cosily experimenting and fumbling hud to be done before the proper system was net up. N contrast between 10H and 193!) could be greater than the contrast in •America's readiness to mobilize her industry for war. Today the most detailed plans exist and the most elaborate organizations arc ready to spring into being—all set for the job of regulating American production down to the last pants button. Economic Machinory In 1!H7 somebody had to step in and take charge of the nation's complex, overburdened industrial machinery to prevent a grand mess. Sn in July of that wear, the War Industries • Board was established to deal with the whole business. It ended competitive bidding. War industry committees, set up by the U. S. Chamber of Commence, functioned under it as liason agencies between business and government. The Food, Fuel, and Railray administrations, the Shipping Board, and the War Trade Board were set up. By the lime Ajnerica had been in tlio war one year, all of these activities were regularized and co-ordinated under the ~ War Industries Board. But it took nearly n year to get the machine perfected. Today, the HOV- Kernmcnt could establish a similar scenic on short notice. Assistant Secretary of War Louis Johnson says that plans for industrial mobilization are in complete readiness. A National War fie'scources Board exists right now. It is prepared to set up sub-committees to deal with problems of transportation, manufacturing facilities, raw materials. It has ^stl its disposal the research of the al- 'leady-orginazed National Resources Planning Board, which has just turned in an exhaustive report on America's resources in fuel owl power, t can take the Munitions Boud under its wing. ; The program on which it would act is all .set—in the foj-m of the War Department's Industrial Mobilization Dan, which could be handed to Congress for approval the day was dc(Continued on Page Three) I - _ " *^p >^— Formation of the new moderate Japanese cabinet also, it was suggested, would present more complications for German diplomats seeking non-ag- gre.ssion ties between Russia and Japan. CRANIUM CRACKERS Word Building By adding letters to words, or taking some away, you can create other words of entirely different meanings. Try these. 1. Begin with a woman, take one letter away to form a barrier, add st'diiity to form detriment. 2. Begin with a clergyman, subtract a woman's name to form a vehicle, add a composer's name to get a ship. 3. Start with a famous city, subtract three letters to form u boy's name, add an old French coin to get an Ajiglo-gyptimi protectorate. 1 Take <i cuttle house, subtract, one letter to get a form of soap; LIL|U a bird to form a tool. AiiMturu oJi I'ugc T-vo PRICE 5c COPY NGLISH 5 Why Ten Million Men Are Under Arms Germans Seek To Pacify Reds, Japs But Peace Between Russia And Japan Is Regarded As Unlikely MOSCOW, Russia —(/Pi— Germany was reported unofficially Friday to be making feverish efforts to arrange a non-aggression pact between Soviet Russia and Japan — engnged in an un- the Manchoukuo— frontier. Immense official war on Outer Mongolia . difficulties lie in the way of such an agreement, but German diplomats were said nevertheless to be trying desperately to engineer such a pact. Informed sources here said they were skeptical of rumors from abroad that Russia and Germany would enter a military alliance. Conclusion of a non-aggression pact between Japan and Russia seemed distant in view of a Soviet report today that Russia forces had "liquidated" masses of Japanese troops fighting on the eastern border. The statement asserted Soviet and Outer Mongolian troops had annihilated Japanese and Manchoukoan army commands, compelling the remainder of those forces to "adopt defensive operations.' The report said that between August 8 and 27 the Japanese had lost 164 planes compared with 16 lost by the Soviet Mongolian forces. It was said 31 Japanese planes were shot down August 30 and that the Japanese - Man- choukuoans were moving up heavy reinforcements, indicating that severe fighting still was continuing. - -•-•••• Prescott Youth Held In Alleged Rape Case A Prescott youth was held in the Hcmpstcad county jail at Washington Saturday as officers investigated an alleged rape case involving a Hope girl. Thu youth was arrested at Prescott by Sheriff Brad Bright, and was returned to Hempstead county by Sheriff C. K. Baker. Officers refused to divulge names of either person unul their investigation it, $1,626 State Aid Here This Month 253 Old-Age, Blind And Dependent-Children Cases Here This week $1,626.75 in public assistance payments arc being mailed to 253 recipients of old age assistance, aid to dependent children and aid to the blind in Hempstead county. Old age assistance, $1,113.75, 185 cases; aid to dependent children, $468.00, 61 cases, (150 children); aid to the blind, $45.00, 7 cases; total amount J1.626.T5, 253 cases. In addition a warrant for $342 is being mailed to the county to be used for general relief payments during September. A total of 22,066 checks amounting to $140,521.50 are being mailed to Arkansans as follows: $103,643.25 to 17,382 old age assistance cases. $32,711.25 to 4,044 aid to dependent children composed of 10,979 children. $4,167.00 to 640 aid-to-blind cases. The public assistance payroll for the state tills month represents an increase of 107 cases and $230.25 over that for August. • « •» Tennis Tourney To Begin On Monday Southwest Arkansas Event To Continue For Three Days The second annual southwest Arkansas tennis lurnament will begin Monday at Fair Park and will continue three days. Only afternoon sessions will be played, except for special events. The deadline for entries has been set for 11 a. m. Monday. Those wishing to enter arc urged to sec Garrett Story, Jr. or Ralph Hill. The public is invited lo the umrua- jncuL Hoover Urges U.S. To StayOut Of It "We Can Not Solve Problems Of Europe," Ex- President Reminds SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.-(/P,-If n general European conflict develops il will be a long war, and Americans should support President Roosevelt in trying to keep us out of it, former President Herbert Hoover said Friday night. The former chief executive, who has seen something of war and the, fa'minc and pestilence in its wake.' said: "This is one of the saddest dny.s that has come to humanity in 100 years. A senseless war seems inevil- ably forced upon hundreds of million.s of people. It means the killing of millions of the best and most courageous of men who might contribute to human progress. It means the killing and starvation of millions of women and children. It means another quarter of a eentury of hnpovcrish- inent to the whole world. "It will likely be a long war. It is possible that Poland may be overrun in a few months. But there seems no point of access from which an overwhelming attack can be delivered from the British and French on one side and the Germans and Italians on the other, which might quickly end the war. It is likely to be a war of slow attrition. "The land defenses of France and England, their greatly superior naval strength, their manpower and resources, their resolution, make it certain that they can defend themselves. It is true that vast fleets of airplanes on both sides introduce a new and uncertain factor. But there is nothing which proves that even superiority in airplanes can win a war. While assurances have been given that there will be no bombing of women and children, there 'may come a time of desperation when all restraints gn to the wind. It is likely to be the most barbarous wai that we have (Continued on Page Three) Italy Is Expected to Stay Neutral; Bremen Fleeing From British By the Associated Press LONDON, Eng,- Great Britain declared war Sunday against Germany. France's declaration of war was expected to lollow automatically. The announcement of the British action was made personally by Prime Minister Nevile Chamberlain in an address to the nation by radio. The British declaration came at 10 a. m. Sunday (British time), at the expiration of England's ultimatum to Germany to get her troops out of Poland. Chamberlain read the war proclamation and concluded with this prayer: "May God bless you all and may he defend the right." Chamberlain said "Britain has done her utmost to obtain a peaceful and honor- settlement. But Hitler would not have it. "We have done all that any country could do to establish peace. But we found ourselves in a situation in which no word given by the German ruler could be trusted, and which no people or country could endure. "And now that we have resolved to finish it I know you will play your part with calmness and courage. "I trust I may see the day that Hitlerism is destroyed." Chamberlain revealed that the British ultimatum expired without any reply from Germany. "France is joining us in war this minute," he said Emphasizing his words by banging on the speaker's desk, Chamberlain declared: "There is only one thing left for me to devote what strength and power I have to forwarding the victory of the cause for which we have sacrificed ourselves." PARIS, France — (AP)— The deadline on the French ultimatum to Germany was to expire at 10 o'clock Sunday morning (Hope time.) However, the French declaration of war was regarded as a formality since British Prime Minister Chamberlain had already announced both Britain and France "are now at war with Germany." It was explained that the British deadline on the ultimatum, which was 4:15 a. m. (Hope time), was set several hours earlier to allow time to get assistance to the French. NEW YORK—(AP) — And unidentified radio station reported the German nation Sunday Chancellor Adolf Hitler said: "I am now on my way to the Eastern front. "I shall there supervise our armed forces." ROME, Italy — (AP)— Premier Benito Mussolini Sunday gave earnest consideration to Italy's position in the European war. Diplomatic observers said they believed England and France were counting on Italy rmaining neutral. NEW YORK —(AP)— An unidntified radio station reported Sunday that Australia had joined Great Britain in a declaration of war against Germany. The report was unconfirmed. NEW YORK —-(AP)— The fate of the luxurious 20-million- dollar German liner Bremen, dodging British warships in a frantic attempt to get back to her home port from the United States, was a matter of speculation Sunday. The Bremen left New York wituthout passengers Wednesday and was due in her home port, Bremerhaven, Sunday or Monday but her whereabouts are unknown. Two British destroyers on the American side of the Atlantic disappeared at the same time—and it was believed they were following the Breman. The big German liner might be in British waters, in the North Sea, or possibly fleeing to South American waters. German Envoy Is Handed Passport; Ordered To Leave Emergency War Measures To Follow Quickly At Polish Capital NIGHT OF FIGHTING Adolf Hitler Agrees Not To Bomb Towns That Are Unfortified WARSAW, Poland —(/P)_ President Moscicki declared Poland to be under a "state of war" Saturday as official reports said Polish forces were resisting the German invasion on three fronts. An extraordinary session of parli- ment assembled to enace emergency war measures. The German charge d'affaires was handed his passports with a request that he leave Poland. An official communique reported heavy fighting through the night in the border area, but there were no details. „„„ N<) Civilian Bombings BERLIN, Germany —</p> The gov* eminent annuonced Saturday night that Adolf Hitler had replied £^0"ably to President Roosevelt's appeal to belligerents in a possible uropean war not to bomb open (unfortified) towns and cities. Hitler pointed out that it was self- evident the enemy m ust observe the same rule. GBMAN NATION STUNNED BERLIN, Garmany.—With the German army declaring its columns were deep in Polish territory" Friday night, the German nation stood somewhat stunned and dazed at the sweep of events of the first day of undeclared war with Poland. Adolf Hitler, in an impassioned Reichtag speech, had declared to be the purpose of the resort to arms: Reunion of Danzig with the Reich; Restitution of the Polish Corridor to Germany; Cessation of conditions along the German-Polish border which Hitler earlier described as "Masedonian," or terrortistic. U. S. TO GO SLOW WASHINGTON. - (tf>) _ President Roosevelt, a White House official said Saturday, will not be "catapulated or rushed" into a decision invoking the neutrality act. Asserting the chief executive intended to go slow, Stephen Early, press secretary, said the language of Hie law left it up to the president to decide when a state of war exist?. Britain, France Beady LONDON, Eng. — (/P) — (Passed through British censorship)—Britain and France have given Germany her final warning. Both powers were ready Friday night to go to war in defense of Poland. The only hope of escape was for Germany to cease her aggression and withdraw her armies from Polish soil. Tliis was the alternative British Prime Minister Chamberlain allowed Germany in a statement to the British Parliament. He admitted there was almost no hope that Germany would call a halt. British Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson called on German Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop in Berlin and handed him a communication on Prime Minister Chamberlain's speech to Parliament. Von Ribbentrop tild Heu- drson he must refer the communication to Adolf Hitler. France stood fully beside Britain in the defense pledges to Poland. Wai Would Be Frightful Secret diplomatic exchanges between Chancellor Hitler and Chamberlain, published in a white paper Friday, disclosed agreement on ine iminous point—that if war should come, it would be long and bloodier than the First World War. The British prime minister warned A church in Middletown, N. J. is supported by money iefi by Captain Kidd, the pirate. A Thought Doing Uje will of God leaves me no time for disputing about his plans.—G. Macdonald*

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