Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 8, 1936 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 8, 1936
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A THOUGHT , Deliver me not over unto Ihc will of mine enemies; for fnlw M-tfncnc* MO risen up against I me, and Mich an breathe out cruelty.—Psnhm 27:12. Hope Star WEAXBtt. Arkansas — Mostly cloudy, probably local rains Wednesday night and In east portion i Thursday; somewhat warmer. VOLUME 37—NUMBER 75 <NKA> -Mnins KoU-rprlM- ASH r HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1936 S(:n PRICE 5c COPY CITY SLASHES PHONE III..:. i T-I ' |# & ft ft * ^ ^ •£ • tV ^ Here and There •Editorial By ALEX. H. WASHBUBN- THE effect of the .supreme court's AAA decision is to do j 1 s troy compulsory crop control and turn back the pages of j farm relief history to the days when we were debating the McNary-lljuigen and similar farm bills. Meanwhile, every farm producer who has money due him from the government on an undischarged contract will be paid in full. " —i»j There's no question about this point. The moral obligation of the government will be paid, if necessary, out of the general work relief fund. Mut that only takes care of current contracts. Chief among the substitutes proposed for the AAA are the domestic- allotment and export-debenture plans. The domestic-allotment plan would, | figuratively speaking, split up each S 0 111 e ; b n ' c ' of cotton into twn parts. One 5 Substitutes Are Offered for AAA French Dispatch 91 Fighting Ships to Mediterranean U.S. Allotment and $14,000 Balance of Export Debenture AAA Parity Checks Proposals Top List Ordered Delivered British Withdraw Vessels But Apparently Return Others House Committee Orders Drafting of Various Optional Measures DOOM OF CONTROL I percentage of all American cotton that i it normally used within the United i States. The other part, 00 r ; would be IT TIJirVDI A M \/ir"Tr»t> V • lhc percentage of the whole crop that C, imurmiN VIL.IUK I is normally shipped abroad. part, say 40^. would be the known C O 1 1 a 1) S C of Reduction r,P|-<-rnl.-lO,< nf r.ll Amnrirnn r-nllnr, thill ^" ' ' " P ^ L IU IVIAI UIA1UI1 Plan Seen— 15-Million- Bale Crop Anticipated Frank J. Hill Working Out New Schedule to Complete Delivery WAS HALF THROUGH 50' ( of Hempsteacl Farmers Obtained Money Before Court Decision . r, ,, <nr , , .. , „„„, WASHINGTON. — (/p, - New Deal I Resumption of delivery uf AAA b Ababa Claim, Com-j ,±^it^tX^ | er would receive a guaranteed price. | ' plete Recapture of Area West of Makale LONDON, EIIK.— (/?')— Sudden large- scale movements u filie British and French battle fleets in 'he Mediterranean sea were announced from London and Paris Wednesday. Coincident with the disclosure that two French naval fquadrons. 92 warships in all, are going on a Mediter- ivas announced Wednesday by Frank , . . . ,,,,.,- i President Roosevelt and Secretary i J ' Hil1 ' assistant in cotton adjustment. takinK aw'ay a part of the h,«h wa, K es Wallilco mc , . |t hmcheon , () '^^ \ Mr. Hill's announcement followed tariff-protected in- I whnl (() (k) . ll)in| , lhe AAAV Slmran( . ; receipt of a message from C. C. Ran- Coiirt destruction. ! tlil " of Liltlc Ro( -' k . acting state di- The house agricultural committee. \ rcctnr of the agricultural extension .summoned to an tinexpecfcfl meeting. ! SC £Y' CC directed the drafting of five tentative i Thc mcssa ee from Mr. Randall orphans for its consideration. These plans are: 1. Domestic allotment plan. 2. Export debenture proposal. paid workers in du.stry in order to compensate the farmer for having to pay high prices for the (hint's that industry sells him. nut the price of the remaining 00'! — or 300 pounds per 500-pound bale- would be a question mark. On the CO'; portion the farmer would just have to take his chances, receiving whatever price the bale commanded in rnncnn cruise, the British admirality I competition with other cotton on the & riounccd withdrawal of four home i world market. dcred the delivery of the chocks. They amount to approximately $14.000. This amount represents about half of the total payment to Hempstead Appropriations to the various slates on the condition that such states will establish adjustmc-nt i.':-ograms . men-of-war now in the south- ' The domestic-allotment plan has al- j jjmilar to the AAA. ThJVn sea. But Britain announced that four first-line battle craft, now in home waters will embark on a January ways had plenty of support, because it offers a way to raise- the price on the domestic portion of the croo without reducing production and without sac- 4. Appropriations for a land leasing program. 5. Additional appropriations to in- j kill( -' d lhc AAA ; farmers through parity and second rentals, which wa.s halted by invalidation of the AAA program by Ibu United States Supremo Court. Delivery of the other checks had been made before the court's decision cruise with the 2\nl destroyer flotilla. I rifiring our markets abroad. dividual farmers conditions. who comply with Ethiopia Claim* Victory ADDIS ABABA. Ethiopia British"New™ Ak* ment claimed Wednesday that Ethiopian forces "completed" recapture of ic Temben district west of Makale 'n Tuesday, with the Italian invaders in flight. Thc export-debenture plan is the domestic - allotment plan reversed. > No Farm "Uprising" (Reuters.! Instead of paying n premium for the j DES ,MC;NES, Iowa.— (/I 1 , — lu gcivorn- ; rioiTtbslIcsl-infe"* oT the cotton, the gov- f.in'rt "leader's discounted Wednesday eminent would pay bonuses on cotton the suggestion that the supreme court ! decision knocking out the AAA might j precipitate a Midwestern farm upris- Kthiopian Appeal By the Associated Press.—Ethiopia asked the League of Nat inns to step into Italy's "policy of mcrcilcs extermination" Wednesday as unofficial sources at Home predicted that Premier Mussolini may dispatch 1UO.OOO more men into his Afrcnn campaign. Emperor Selassie's government based its plea for a League commission of inquiry on the alleged continued employment of poison gas by the invading Fascists. Woodmen Circle Ends Local Meet Next Meeting Place of Southwest District Will i Be Texarkana ; Selection of Ti xarkana as the next ! meeting place, fixing March as the , time for holding the meeting, and the i.-lcelion and installation of new nffic- ! crs, concluded Ihe business sessiun of | Ihe southwest district convention uf the Supreme Forest Woodmen Circle which met in a one-day meeting here Tuesday. | Offi'.ers elected were: Mrs. Dora j Mradors, past president; Mrs Eva I).' Jfe'uvlor, president: Mrs. Alma I). Taylor, secretary; .Mrs. Katie Crow ell, treasurer; Mrs. Carrie Carroll. Mrs. Minnie Boyles and Mrs. Nannie Moody, auditors; Mr:-. Tressie Giles. : attendant; Mrs. Myrtle Northway. assistant attendant; Mrs. Ida Wcsterinan, ; chaplain; Mrs. Clga Anderson, inner .-cntincl; Miss l.ticillie Buswell, outer sentinel; Mi-s Mary Ella Meadurs, cap(Continued 01. page three) shipped abroad. XXX i p There is keen disappointment over ing. the interruption of the AAA program. 1 But they united in asserlhm Hint j but it was not exactly n surprise. j Iowa farmers, who had more at stake j Thc Star summari/ed the issue edi- than those of any other state, would torially on December 10: make themselves loudly heard in de- "Thc government says that if I mands for a new farm program, administration A paragraph in the message to Mr. Hill said: "Deliver all AAA checks in your office—and all other checks that you Iowa i may rt ' cciv e until notified further." Mr. Hill said that ho would work out a schedule to complete delivery of the checks. one administration i.s permitted by law to tax agriculture through high tariffs to maintain good wages and profits for industrial j plants, then another administration i (tight to be permitted t:> equalize ; matters by taxing industrial cit| i/i'iis to help the farm population. i "This i.s a just and logical po- ; sition. Practically everybody west , of the Mississippi and south of ; ' the Ohio subscribes to that prin: ciple. I "But industrialists point out that the tariff system, while it permits industry to charge a generally higher price for its products, in \ no wise interferes with the production and management of the individual factories. "Furthermore, the administra- lion's opponents say that agriculture itself has a great .system of protective tariffs, more or less like industry, and that therefore the processing tax. levied against industry and paid to agriculture, is unjust and unconstitutional." May End Itednclion WASHINGTON.- i/h -High AAA officials Tuesday night forrwiw almost complete collapse of their cotton program, and the production of an unre- sliicted crop in Ifl.'IG. With federal | control of production removed by the | Supreme Court's decision, one official • said a crop of 15,000,000 bales next fall j would not be unexpected. j Only one possible solution w.is seen i —growers themselves could organize i and voluntarily agree to cut produc- I tion. But officials conceded there appeared little hope for .such action be- I cause of the short time remaining before the crop will be planted. ' Unfavorable weather last year, combined with previous reduction programs reduced surpluses of cither prin- j cipal crops. The AAA had planned : almost maximum production of hogs this year and only a five per cent re| ductiim in wheat. But a .').') per cent reduction in cotton acreage lor 1 (),')(• was desired. Nru- Contracts No! Out new four-year cotton contracts „ ., ., , , -,, , , i nri1 K 01 "' " l " •» Ihe field. An But if the method wa.s illegal, the official said that even if a new fern- principle behind the whole farm pro- I program were worked out speedily it gram remains sound and just. j might still he too lain to prevent a large cotton acreage this year. The AAA had fixed the base for cotton at •M.,')l)0.t)OI) acres, the average planted from 1027 In 1!);;^. Kecords showed that Ihe average actually harvested annually during those';years was 111..")", 1,000 acres. In 11I2-1. 2fi.!l(J7.00() Did Wilson Give Decision on War? Senate Testimony Shows Bryan Said "No'''—Wil- son Reversed Him WASHINGTON-(/p)-Evidcnce that J. P. Morgan invited Great Britian to buy control of an American arms plant before this country entered the World war wa.s introduced Wednesday in the senate's investigation of war-time finance. The invitation was contained in a cablegram from Morgan to the Morgan house in London. J. P. Morgan & Co., was then purchasing agent in the United Stales for Great Britain and France. We know now which of these two r p| views Ihc supreme court look. I | V1VI Bryan and Wilson WASHINGTON.-(/h-J- 1-'. Morgan, head of the Wall street banking house. Tuesday told the senate munitions committee that German outrages against Americans, and not the loans of international bankers to the Allies, drew the United States into the World war. Morsan and his associates readily admitted that their sympathies wen Ethiopians Hail Trophy of War: Italian Tank '• > (Copyright, 1936, NEA Seivice, Inc.) Delighted with their success in halting tank advances and capturing the Mippo;:i'illy invincible weapons from their Italian foes, nn exultant crowd of Ethiopian soldiers are shown swarming along as one of their number demonstrates a tank taken in battle on the Ogadcn front. The event was pictured by II. V. Dress, NEA service staff cameraman. Bruno May Die on j Bulletins Residential Rate Is Cut From $2.50 i to $1.50 a Month I ;Hope Council Proceeds ! Despite Protest of South- i western Bell Co. ! COMPANY AP PEALS j _; i Declares Return Here Has 1 Been Inadequate Even. on Present Rates Approval of an ordinance reducing , monthly rates of the Southwestern I Bell Telephone company and the defeat of a proposal by Alderman Roy ' Anderson to abolish the annual street I tax levy provided the highlights of" j the regular meeting of the city council ! Tuesday nigh't. , The ordinance' reducing rates of the I telephone company was Introduced i by Alderman' Roy Johnson, and was I passed unanimously. H. W. Shepard, district manager of • the telephone company, made a vigorous protest in a speech before the council, asking that the ordinance not , be passed until the council be submit-* ted figures reviewing telephone operations -at Hope. Engineer Bank- ' stcn of the telephone company was also' present. Bonus Bill Vote Expected Friday I Proposed Schedule The new rates fixed by the ordinance, effective on or after January 20, are: 1. For residential telephone service. S1.50 per month, a reduction, of 151.00 per month. ion, * 2 Physicians, 18 Reporters to Witness Execution in New Jersey WASIKNGTON—(/P)—Vice Admiral Arthur J. Hepburn, now commander of the Navy scouting force, was appointed Wednesday to bo commander-in-chicf of the United States fleet in a general shift of (he Navy high command. TRENTON. N. J.—(/P)—News of the death fate failed Tuesday to shake Bruno Richard Hauptmann's calm and his belief he will escape the electric chair. Col. Mark O. Kimberling. principal j keeper, informed Hauptmann that tin- j less Ihe Court of Pardons intervenes i he must die late next week for the j murder of Charles A. Lindbergh Jr. j He told Hauptmann the day and the j hour—reported to be 8 p. m. Jan- i uary 17. Hauptmann's set expression—deep peering eyes and a faint trace of smile — never WASHINGTON.—</!>)—President Roosevelt arranged for an engagement with Father Charles E. Coughlin, Detroit radio priest, who is in the city. The White House reported that Coughlin has asked for (lie appointment. Lieut-Gov. Post Sought by Thorn - NPW MpSKsnro Offftvc 'l c -' i 2 ' For comi nercial telephone -ser, i\ew ivieasuie uneis u .,< | vice , 52 . 50 per month> a reduction o£ I Interest Not to Cash j $i.so per month. 1 Out CprHflYaf-p i - 3 i For each extension telephone. i UUl ^eiUIlCaie jel ther residentjal.^pt^commBrctaU.SO , —... --. .,-.-'*---... . - --.) cen t s p e r itfSnHi The nresent rate *«*" i WASHINGTON- W -In a formal | $1 for Residential! and bK£ Sfen : report to the house Wednesday the j s i on telephones, and 50 cents for desk i ways and means committee recom- j hand-set or wall extension mended cash payment of the bonus as i 4. For hand-set telephone five cents ; an essential part of the recovery pro- ; per month extra over and above the gram and as capable of increasing the j regular service charge The present nation's purchasing power. rate j s 15 cents per month The committee planned to seek a , 5. For two-party line telephone ser- rule to bring before the house the j vice (that is, where more than one bonus measure backed by the three j telephone is on the same line) $125 major veterans organizations. j pcr m ont h. The present rate is $2 per The bill is expected to bo called up month. Thursday, looking to a vote on Fri- j Section three of ordinance rads: j day - ! "Violation of any of the terms or ! m ~ ' Provisions of this ordinance by said To Vile Friday ; Southwestern Telephone company t WASHINGTON.— (/P) —A veierans' j shall subject it to a penalty of $250 | organization bonus bill, slightly and each day's violation shall sub- j amended as to its financing features, ject it to a separate penalty in Hie was fleered Tuesday night toward a i amount aforesaid." house vote Friday which Democratic • H. W. Shepard, district manager, is- changcd. Kimberling T . I leaders conceded would approve it by j sued the following statement Wednes- fj'id. Neither did his story that he L/lQUOl' LiegcUlZcltlOll .Dill j "an overwhelming majority." i day: obtained the Lindbergh ransom mon- ' " * .-.-.». cy from Isidor Fisch, his furrier part- j ner, who later died in Germany. To his .spiritual adviser, the Rev. John Matthiesen of Trention, Haupt- Author First State Candidate to Announce LITTLE ROCK — ( ) — Harve B. Speaker Byrns said there was no dis- j "We have not made an adequate position among the leadership to post- j return at Hope for the past several pone action on the bonus until next | years. The reduced rates reflected in week unless its backers wanted that. | the ordinance passed by the city Members of the " : -* : : .,«..he appropriations com- j council Tuesday night would further e - v luul "° objection to! decrease our revenues to the point mnnn displayed Ihe same confidence.' Thorn, of Hiirrisburf!. speaker of the - . . —- „..,.„„.-, lu U1K "I won't go out that door," Haupt- j 1935 House of Representatives and ! '"V" 1 !? aside the independent offices : where service might be affected mann said, nodding in the direction of j author of the Arkansas liquor leg-d- I "Pproprialion bill, which is to come ••••••<•••• - i ' • up Wednesday ^for pcnerul debate. That cleared "the way for the ways and means committee to ask for a rule on the bonus Wednesday, bring it up for house discussions Thursday and a vote on Friday. The- bill would authorize immediate the big thick .steel door a few paces away, which leads to the execution chamber. Smilingly, he turned toward the steel-grated front entrance of the little red brick death bouse, which he entered last February Ifi. "I'll go out that way." he said. Hauptmann also received visits ization measure, announced Wednesday bis candidacy for lieutenant governor in the 1936 Democratic primary. This is the first formal announcement of a candidate in this year's election. "I regret that the council took action without reviewing the results of our operations at Hope. Under the circumstances our only recourse is to (Continued on page two) RAPPI-R FANNY SAYS: HLG U b PAT. OFF. Folks who une their heads carry oB i-ho The administration will simply have to find a different method. XXX Three of Ihe nine justices held f-jr the AAA in method as well as principle. This minority wrote a flaming report ill behalf of agriculture. It is interesting to note who they were. There wa.s Brundeis. appointed by Woodrnw Wilson; and Stone, appointed by Calvin Coolidge; and Cardo/n, appointed by Herbert Hoover — two Republican nominees upheld the cause of a Democratic president! And. lo be entirely just to the other side, it should be recalled that while in this instance Chief Justice Hughes and the majority of the court went ugaiii.-l the administration, they had previously upheld the g'lld revaluation act -a more radical measure, by im- .lication. than Ihc AAA. Mercury Falls to 41 Below in North Lowest Is in Minnesota— Snow Ranges Through the Panhandle CHICAGO - (/)')— Snow blanketed I he nation generally from New England to the Hocky Mountain states Wednesday. extending southward thn ugh the Mississippi valley to Texas, with a forecast, f-u- milder lem- peraluri-'S and more snow. The Weather Bureau warned al th'.} same, time that a new disturbance is brewing in Alberta and Saekatchewan and is heading southward out of Cun- I with the Allies from the outbreak of 1C. Lloyd Fisher'of Flomington. Mrs.' the war and that they began to mala loans to the Allies as soon as Un- American government permitted. It was revealed that three days after going to war, Europe asked the Morgan house for a loan or commercial credit. William Jennings Bryan, then Thorn said his platform would be i cash payment of the bonus, but offer announced later, adding: "I shall j a 3 per cent interest inducement to Tuesday from his wife and his lawyer, -mswcr every issue when it arises." i veterans not to cash their adjusted He has served three consecutive j service certificates until lO-l."], the ma- tcrms in the stute legislature from i lurity date under exMing law. It up •• »-,-•,••'. ill iil^'l, ^.).;IO(,UUU e , ,. acres were harvested, and in HKi.x L'7,- ^' l .'';"- v "[ • Miltl< - , fl'«-''Pproved but 331.000 Production from 11)28 averaged 1-1 - «iit;,iino bales, in ID:,' i, ih<> total «-.j'-.- !).!i:ifi.OOO and in ll)3;i. 10,7;(4,000. The former was the. first full year when the cotton program was in effect. The AAA had planned for a crop of from 11.000.000 lo 12.000.000 Dales in lilHli. Ni Time to Wall | Fanners who have bi-c-n rcnliii'! laii.l j lo the AAA. it was said, now will need it to produce cotton ..... and cash. Many | of them, officials said, would not be j able lo wait weeks for a new program i before making plans for planting, or | financial arrangements for purchasing j more ferlili/ur. more mules, and to oh- j lain more labor. Spring plowing al- President Wilson drew a distinction that permitted extension of crediis but prohibited loans. Hauptmann. it is said, has taken re 1 idcnce- in Trenton. Pliins for Hmiptmann'.s execution, wont forward despite Ihe convening • of the Court of Pardons Saturday at ! 10:30 a. m. ' ! Colonel Kimberling sent out invita- i lions to IS official witnesses. The law provides a jury of 12. two of whom must be physicians, and six newspapermen mu.-l uilncss cution. Most of Ihe jurors will I newspapermen. The invitation said: "You are hereby invited to be present as a witness at Ihe execution b\ elecerlcity of Kruno Richard Hauptmann. No. 17-1011." Poinsett county. 1 (Continued on page three) ready is under way in some section:- of the South. Officials declined to predict Ihe effect of a pre-AAA crop fur I'j.'jO. j<)sli- mates have been mmle unofficially that foreij'.n and domestic demand would require a ' 12.000.000-bali- crop I his >ear. No fear was expressed concerning Ihe -l.lliD.OOO bales held by the C'om- moiliiv Credil Corporation under 12- cenl. loans. These loan- are due February 1, but belief was expressed that Ihe loans "ill bo e.xlcnded. ll was aid some of i.iis loan-cotton \\ill be needed by ibe trade before tin- new crop is harvested. Officials recently predicted that about 1,000.001) bales of :|v- loan-cotton probably would be >old Ibis season. Bui a pre-AAA si/e crop, coming on page two) Oil Embargo Plan May Be Dropped Great Britain Alone Apparently Holding Out for Sharp Action I'AHIS. France.—(/P)-The League.if Nations apparently has abandoned ,-i m j-i T . nlan to vote an oil embargo against | i. hi. LCQ'ail S C'ai' DLsCOV- T* I. . " ! ' ' would provide no specific method of payment. The ways and means committee decided to knock out one provision that would have refunded all interest paid by veterans on loans on the cer- tficates. but kept another that would cancel all unpaid interest on such loan?. ;>»"exc."- : 20th Century Prophecy ,. R 7''::: i ; mmivt! vi^on. a-mo™,.. \i- ! 11 \ii . j~, T-T, _-L __, * - l . *Vt-lllllt.K^, Conies True, Dan Rosoff Tells Audience Big Crowd Drawn by World Sermon Lessons i in Law-Making By the A.ssociaU?d Pre,ss Prescott Auto Is Found Near Lake Italy. It was said Tuesday that a poll of League council members shown! tlie be. lief that existing sanctions will soon end Italy's ability to carry on the war. However, the newspaper. I'Ocuvrc. .-aid Ilia) the Brili.-h General St.-.IT i.- 'UmandiiiK an oil i--irbari"> :>uainst Italy in order to end the- war quickly ;•' ;'iiy Co.- I. P'-.-i.-'ons for the Briti.-h demand were said In be: 'I hat an ovi-rwhi-li!:inj.j ICtbinpian • vir'-n-y over the Italians, or a victors "f bl:-c|.-- over u biles. mit.'ht seriuii.-h affect other colonial nations; that any , reduction in Italy's military power ' Would up-cl the balance if Europe timl that postponement of a settlement might mean that rearmed Germany would take a hand in the controversy Ill spite of adverse weather an ama/iu.^ly larye crowd once attain turned out at the* city hall auditorium Tuesday night to hear the KoMiffs noted father anil son. Jewish evangelists m a striking portrayal of world condition* in which the Jew was involved. Han Hosoff .-!-.. iwed the prophetic fulfillment of the 20th century conditions as they are today. Usinu the trend of the times as proof for the divine inspiration of Scripture the evm- ered Stripped and Aban- f iist ll '"»""-™' i-""^ t»« «ft<-r f^-t! i i XT / < T i l ' 1 ' 1 ' W( -'''i: mo.^t startling in their .-en- i (lOlUHl IS 1 ear UraSSy Lake --ational revelation to the audience An atilomobilt.' stolen from T. K Logan. Prescott alderman, was rccov- I'U'il Tiit-sd.-iy near Grassy lake. The car disappeared Monday night vhile Mr. Logi.n was altendiiig the nonlbly meeting of Ihe 1'reseolt cily ouncil. When found the battery had been emoved and ihicc of the wheels and xtra lire were mi.-sing. 'lhe car hail been aband.int'il and niched ..ft' the road into a ditch. The •lulom.ibile \\as a 1!I.'I2 coach. The seeds: known as Job'.- tears. sometimes used for beads, are culli- vali-d like corn in Manchuria. Tile fine crowd was most responsive and look a particular delight in the humorous witticism.- of various scriptural fulfillments. Many of die preachers that were present called it one of the (irealest sermons thai they had ever heard. Wednesday niu-hl Dan HosolT \\ill on U. K. do -iiujs Dawn .1KKFKRSON CITY. Mo.--i..'P)- Din - iny the 10-year period just ended. Mi's-ori tanked first amoim states in the number of r:)ib'i ad yrade cro.s.-in^s t liminatcd, with 5ti5 crossings eliminated. New York was .-oeond with 5-18. one of the backers of the legislation, said the refund would have iinn-.uiiled to S7.000.00f) and that Ihe 1 cancellation will cost SL'.SS.flOO.000. He , said the additional ca.-h outlay immediately on enactment of the hid. backed by the American Legion. Veterans of Foreign Wars and Disabled American Veterans, still would he around SI.000.000.000. John Cox Speaks to Texarkanians liope Druggist Installs Officers of Kiwani* Club in Border City TKXARKANA-John P. C.-x. past Diesident of the Kiwai.s.-. Club of Hope. Ark was to official, at liio in- •-t.-ilk.tion of HCiti officers and directors ol '.he Texarkana Kiwani.s club al lhe wn kly luncheon VVediu.-da> . Oft'icirs lo be installed an T. m A. I'.mi. jji-esident: James E. Siuai;. vice pri'.-idenl; Aubrey C. CJraves, in-.i.-'.ircr: and Wallace C. C iffman. secrelaiy. The new directors arc: Dr. K. I\. Kitkralrick. Ihc Kev. Tom J. Wilbanks. C. R. Purler. W. E. Bann, Dr. Hairy E. Murry. Dr. J. T. Kobins.m. A. C. Worthaii'. and Herbc-l Wren. Jr. 10. Committees at Work The most important congressional committees arc those on finance, appropriations and foreign relations in the senate; in the house those on Ways and means, appropriations and rules. All bills relating to the appropriation of money originate by custom in the house. All revenue bills by law are framed in the house ways and means committee. The senate finance committee corresponds to ways and mcan.s in lhe house. The house committee on rule.-; dictates the procedure on proposed legislation. The Miiaic foreign relations commiilee handle;; treaties and ull questions affecting the nations foreign jolicy. There are ii.'i .-landing committees in the senate and six itliL-rs appointed for specific purpose;-. Standing committees in lhe house number 47 and special ones three. The lior.je ha- 10 c:immitte.:» designated as principal or exclusive committees in that a member ol the ma- j')i:ly pany cannol .-ervi: on more lhi'.:i one committee. Tiu committee.- m-.-i t regularly or en call .,!' :bc diainnen to con^idtr the 1 ill.- il-..-,t have been rcfeneil to them 'omelimo 1 nig hearings arc held on llu- muie im;-i-rt;.'ii bills, which tin/.-.-.: inliTc.-trd ai'pi-i.rm.v; to ispns- ihJii \'ii w.s. The conunilUv llun cen.-i.lei-- tin. bill and may rep >rt i! out \\itb "i without amendmciils. Also il may !.>:• pigeonholed. Sc iiielimv.- a ccnimitiee lakes ti.i t-cviral bills of a simiKir ebaiacKr. ion;ider.< all |>ha.-...s uf lhe qucMi <n .nid wiites a 1.^:11 of its own.

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