Hope Star WEATHER Arkansas — Gcn-erdUy fair Saturday night and Sunday. VOLUME ,40—NUMBER 278 HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY STILL •&•&•& CHANCE FOR Poland Declares "State of War" and Calls Her Parliament U. S. Is Ready to Mobilize Industry at Very Moment Nation Finds Self at War 'German Envoy Is Handed Passport; Ordered To Leave 1917 Taught U. S. 'It Had To Have A System For War Rich In Industry, But Its Industry Not Geared For A War , IT'S PLANNED NOW Government Empowered To Fix All Prices and Restrict Faterials Second of four Cation stories on cm America's position in the current war crisis. By BRUCE CATTON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON—When the Worlt •War began (the first world war, that was), the United States was a rich industrial nation, but its industry was not geared to war. And so when America did go to war, and found that its whole domestic life had to be run by a system as exact and inexorable as the reville-to- tps of the training camp, a lot of costly experimenting and fumbling had to be done before the proper system was set up. N contrast between 1014 and 1939 ^<;ouH ba greater th^i the •-•ontr:*rt -Vi America's readiness to mobilize her industry for war. Today the most detailed plans exist and the most elaborate organizations arc ready to spring into being—all set for the job of regulating American production down to the last pants button. Economic Machinery In 1917 somebody had to step in and take charge of the nation's complex, overburdened industrial machinery to prevent a grand mess. So in » July of that wear, the War Industries Board was established to deal with the whole business. It ended competitive bidding. Wai- industry committees, set up by the U. S. Chamber of Commence, functioned under it as liason agencies between business and government. The Food, Fuel, and Railray administrations, the Shipping Board, and the War Trade Board were set up. By the time Ajnerica had been in the war one year, all of these activities were regularized and co-ordinated under the '•-' War Industries Board. But it took nearly a year to get the machine perfected. Today, the gov Ecrnmcnt could establish a simila sccme on short notice. Assistant Sec. rotary of War Louis Johnson says tha plans for industrial mobilization arc in complete readiness. A National War Rescources Boarr exists right now. It is prepared t set up sub-oommillee.s to deal will problems of transportation, manufac luring facilities, raw materials. It ha * at its disposal the research of the a) deady-orginazed National Resource Planning Board, which has just tunic in an exhaustive report on America' resources in fuel and power, t ca take the Munitions Boad .under i' wing. The program on which it would ai is all set—in the form of the War DC partmenl's Industrial Mobilizatio Plan, which could be handed to Coi gress for approval the day was do Emergency War Measures To Follow Quickly At Polish Capital NIGHT OF FIGHTING Adolf Hitler Agrees Not To Bomb Towns That Are Unfortified WARSAW, Poland — (/Pj— Pros! dent Moscicki declared Poland to be under a "state of war" Saturday as of ficial reports said Polish forces wer resisting the German invasion o three fronts. An extraordinary session of parli mcnl assembled to enace emergenc war measures. The German charge d'affaires wa handed his passports with a requcs that he leave Poland. An official communique reportc heavy fi.ghting through the night i the border area, but there were n details. Stctlinius, father anil son . . Henry Ford . . naval ship building. . . German ship searches and sei/.cs . . material unloaded by hand in '17, by monster cranes now . Iherc are points of similarity in the general picture as it was during the last war and as it is now. Sermans Seek To Pacify Reds, Japs But Peace Between Russia And Japan Is Regarded As Unlikely $1,626 State Aid Here This Month 253 Old-Age, Blind And Dependent-Children Cases Here toover Urges U.S. To StarOut Of It 'We Can Not Solve Prob lems Of Europe," Ex- President Reminds A Thought Doing the will of God leaves me no time for disputing about his plans.--G. Macdonald. CRANIUM CRACKERS Word Building By adding letters to words, or taking some away, you can create other words of entirely different meanings. Try these. 1. Begin with a woman, take one letter away to form a barrier, add senility to form detriment. 2. Begin with a clergyman, subtract a woman's name to form a vehicle, add a composer's name to get a ship. 3. Start with a famous city, subtract three letters to form a boy's name, add an old French coin to get an Anglo-gyptian protectorate. 4. Take a cattle house, subtract, one letter to get a form of soap; tidd a bird to form a tool. Answers on Page Two MOSCOW, Russia —(/T')— Germany was reported unofficially Friday (o he naking feverish efforts to arrange a non-aggression pact between Sovie Russia and Japan—engaged in an unofficial war on the Manchoukuc Outer Mongolia frontier. Immense difficulties lie in the way of such ai agreement, but German diplomats were .said nevertheless to be trying dcs porately to engineer such a pact. Informed sources here said they wen skeptical of rumors from abroad tha Russia and Germany would enter military alliance. Conclusion nf a non-aggression pact between Japan and Russia seemed distant in view of a Soviet report today that, Russia forces had "liquidated" masses of Japanese troops fighting on tiie eastern border. The statement asserted Soviet and Outer Mongolian troops had annihilated Japanese and Vlanchoukoan army commands, com- iclling the remainder of those forces o "adopt defensive operations.' Tho report said that between August, and 'il the Japanese had lost 164 pianos compared with 16 lost by the Soviet Mongolian forces. It was said 31 [apancsu planes were shot down Aug- tsl. 30 and that the Japanese - Man- chnukuouns were moving up heavy •einforcemcnts, indicating that severe ighting still was continuing. Formation of the new moderate Japa- icso cabinet also, it was suggested, would present more complications for crman diplomats seeking non-aggression tics between Russia and Japan, Prescott Youth Held In Alleged Rape Case A Prescott youth was held in the Hempstead county jail at Washington Saturday as officers investigatec an alleged rape case involving a Hope girl. The youth was arrested at Prescott by Sheriff Brad Bright, and wai returned to Hempstead county b; Slit-riff C. E. Baker. Officers refuted to divulge name of either person until their mvestiga lion it, completed. Tins week 51,626.75 in public assistance payments are being mailed to 253 recipients of old age assistance aid to dependent, children and aid to the blind in Hempstead county. Old age assistance, 51,113.75, 185 cases; aid to dependent children, $468. 00, 61 cases, (150 children); aid tc the blind, $45.00, 7 cases; total ani'oun 5l,fi2G.75, 253 cases. In addition a warrant for $342 being mailed to the counly to Ix used for general relief payments dur ing September. A total of 22,066 checks amounlin o $140,52],50 arc being mailed to A* tansans as follows: $103,643.25 to 17,382 old age assist nice cases. $32,711.25 to 4,044 aid to depeiulen children composed of 10,979 childrei Bruce Catton Says: Washington Can Shape War Opinion By BRUCE CATTON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — If wpr comes ti Europe and a special session of Congress is called, Washington can «xert leadership on the American people to point the way it wants them to go. Public opinion has not yet crystal- ized in this country. It is definitely dnd overwhelmingly against Hitler, and t has a fatalistic hunch that some tremendous catastrophe is on the way. No Civilian Bombings BERLIN, Germany — (/P) The gov rnment annuonced Saturday night lat Adolf Hitler had replied favor- bly to President Roosevelt's appeal to elligerents in a possible uropean var not to bomb open (unfortified) owns and cities. Hitler pointed out that it was self- vidcnt the enemy must observe the amo rule. GRMAN NATION STUNNED fcRLIN, Gormany.^With the Gernan army declaring its columns were deep in Polish territory" Friday night, the German nation stood some- vhat stunned and dazed at the sweep But it has not yet reached that definite, fixed stage which compels Washington to follow the lead of the foks back home regadless if the pri r vale desires of administration or Cos- gross. This, at any rate, is the way the picture looks to this' correspondent after a fornight's swing through the east and middle west. War Grabs Public Interest Any Washington correspondent on tour is bombarded by questions where- ever he stops. Usually people ask about the "inside" of politics—who's going to be elected how the Presi-1 dent stands with Congress, and so on. There are as many questions now as over—but practically all of them follw this line: Is there going to be a war in Europe? If there is, is the United States going to get into it? From cinversations with scores of people who have thrown those quest- ons at me, I very definitely get he feeling that the American people are still somewhat uncertain about what ought to be done. They want to stay out of war, of course, but they aren't quite sure what s the best way to do it, and they have an uneasy feeling that maybe it won't be possible. Admittedly, this trip has covered only a part of the country; admittedly it has covered that area where concern with European affairs is apt to be greatest. Sentiment in othe re- Germans May Grab But Little, Then Hang On WASHINGTON. - (ff>) - Officials expressed belief Friday that Germany is not throwing her whole military force into the fight against Poland and does not seem to be penetrating far into that country. They give three possible explanations: 1—Germany intends to occupy Danzig and the Polish Corridor, then "sit tight" and tell the Western powers, "W^e want to make peace. Do you want to make war?" 2—Germany wants to use the border hostilities as another maneuver to force Poland to accept her conditions. 3—The German communications and transportation did not live up to expectations. This last explanation is not considered probable. of events of the first day of undeclared war with Poland. Adolf Hitler, in an impassioned leiclitag speech, had declared to be the purpose of the resort to arms: Reunion of Danzig with the Reich Restitution o£ the Polish Corridor (o Germany; Cessation of conditions along the German-Polish border which Hitler earlier described as "Masedonian," 01 terrortislic. From tho viewpoint of military tac tics, Germany went beyond the Dan (Continued on Page Three) $100,000 Is Loaned FromAthleticFund L. S. U. Athletic System Criticized In Official Report War Declaration Delayed; Germans Must Quit Poland France Makes That Plain, While Holding Open Door To Peace THE BRITISH DELAY Give Hitler Additional Time To Reply On Danzig Issue PARIS, France.—(S 5 )—Prelrfer Dala- dier told an historic session of the Chamber of Deputies Saturday that France is willing to .participate in any IHh hour peace attempts but made it plain France would fight for Poland unless German "aggression" was halted. The premier told the chamber: "There is no Frenchman marching toward the lines who marches with hatred of Germans, but he marches knowing that the very existence of his country is at stake." Without formally declaring war, Daladier bound France's fate to Poland as he declared: j "Is there a German-Polish war? No —there is a step in Hitlerian Germany's effort to dominate the world." British sources close' to the royal family said the Duke of Windsor was flying back to England Saturday for the first sight of his homeland since his abdication from the throne in — Athl- gions may be quite different. But, it the conversations I have had rej resent any sort of sample of public opinion generally, then the great struggle which was left unfinished at the last session of Congress—the struggle between the administration, with its help-i'the-democracies-by- steps-short-of-war probram, and the isolationists—still remains to be fought out. The people have not yet lined up slodily behind either group. Which, of course, means that a se- sion of Congress called to consider how this country should behave in the (Continued on Page Three) BATON ROUGE, La., etics at Louisiana State University came in for criticism' in an official report, made public Friday based on and audit of university affairs. Tickets for football games and other sports events were loosely recorded and loans made to athletes never were repaid, it was said in the report, compiled by the state supervisor of public funds. 'As a rule," tho report stated, 'loans to athletes are not repaid unless paid by refunds from the athletic fund." Outstanding L. S. U. loans to athletes, students and faculty members currently are reported well in excess of 5100,000. The supervisor's official (Continued on Page Three) Why Ten Million Men Are Under Arms SAN FRANCISCO, Cal.-f/Pj-lf [cneral European conflict develops il will be a long war, and Americans should support President. Rooseveli in trying to keep us out of it, former President Herbert Hoover said Friday night. Tlie former chief executive, who has seen something of wur and the fa'minc and pestilence in its wukc. said: "This is one of the .saddest day:, that has come tn humanity hi 100 years. A senseless war scent 1 ; inevitably forced upon hundreds of millions of people. It means tho killing of millions of the best and most courageous of men who might contribute to human progress. It means tho killing and starvation of millions of women and children. It means another The public assistance payroll for the late thus month represents an increase of 107 cases and $230.25 over .hat for August. Tennis Tourney To Begin On Monday Southwest Arkansas Event To Continue For Three Days The second annual southwest Arkansas tennis turnament will begin Monday at Fair Park and will continue three clays. Only afternoon sessions will be played, except for special events. The deadline for entries has been Those wish- to see Gar- set for 11 a. in. Monday, ing to enter are urged relt Story, Jr. or Ralph Hill. The public is, invited to the tournament. Automobile gaskets. particularly those in the shock absorbers, shouk be inspected periodically to ascertain if they are leakproof. $4,167.00 to 640 aid-to-blind cases, quarter of a century of i'mpoverish- nont to the whole world. "It will likely be a long war. II is possible that Poland may bc> overrun n a few months. But. there seems no joint of access from which HII overwhelming attack can lie delivered from he British and French on nnr xido and tho Germans and Italians on t.hr other, which might quickly end ill" war. It is likely to be a war of slow attrition. "The land defenses of France and England, their greatly superior nav;il strength, their manpower and resources, their resolution, make it certain that they can defend themselves. II is true that vast fleets of airplanes on both sides introduce a new and uncertain factor. But there is nothing which proves that even superiority in airplanes can win a war. While assurances have been given that there will be no bombing of women and children, there 'may come a lime of desperation when all restraints go to the wind. It is likely to be the most barbarous war that we have ever known. "This situation is not the act of the German people. It is Ihe am of a group who hold them in subjection. The whole Nazj system is repugnant to (Continued on Page Three) 1936. It is believed his wife, the former Wallis Warfield, will go with him. BRITAIN DELAYS """ LONDON, England. — (IP) — (Passed hrough British censorship). —Great Britain, fully armed and ready, 'decided Saturday on at least a slight delay in telling Germany and the world it was going to war to defend Poland. When the House of Commons met, Prime Minister Chamberlain deferred vital statement until later in the day. The Commons was told,by Sir John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer, that it would meet again Sunday. There was no official explanation for the delay, but it was presumed Chamberlain still awaitel an answer from Germany to his "last warning" to halt the Reich's armies and get them out of Poland. U. S. TO GO SLOW WASHINGTON. - (ff) — President Roosevelt, a White House official said Saturday, will not be "catapulated or rushed" into a decision invoking the neutrality act. Asserting the chief executive intended to go slow, Stephen Early, press secretary, said the language of the law left it up to the president to decide when a state of war exists. Britain, France Ready L O ND O N, Eng. — (/P) — ( Passed through British censorship)—Britain and France have given Germany her final warning. > Both powers were ready Friday night to go to war in defense of Poland. , The only hope of escape was for Germany to cease her aggression and withdraw her armies from Polish soil, liis was the alternative British Prime Minister Chamberlain allowed Ger- nany in a statement to the British parliament. He admitted there was ilmost no hope that Germany would call a halt. British Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson called on German Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop in Berlin and landed him a communication on Prime Minister Chamberlain's speech to Par- iament. Von Ribbentrop tild Hendrson he must refer the communica- ion to Adolf Hitler. France stood fully beside Britain in he defense pledges to Poland. Waj: Would Be Frightful Secret diplomatic exchanges be- ween Chancellor Hitler and Chain- nerlain, published in a white paper Friday, disclosed agreement on ine minous point—that if war should come, it would be long and bloodier than the First World War. The British prime minister warned (Continued on Page Three) Cotton Effective today The Star is changing its cotton report (transmitted by the Associated Press) from New Orleans quotations to New York quotations, and all quotations hereafter will be New York. NEW YORK.— (&) — October cotton opened Saturday at 8.52 ar.d closed at 8.37. New York middling spot @ R.5>T.
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