Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 1, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Friday, September 1, 1939
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Hope Star WEATHER A rkanms — Partly cloudy Friday niylit and, Saturday. 'T VOLUME 40—NUMBER 277 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY GERMANS INVADE POLAND ENGLAND GIVES ULTIMATUM •£•&•£ iV * •&&.•&•&•&<& <&&•&•&•&•&&•& Germany Seizes Danzig; But Italians Won't Take Up Arms _ . . — _j _—___^ — "Time H51C fnniA" British Birdmen Fly N ft Wai- Ponj,. PW PrpsifW Thinks I"TI A f I I I I I tV/ Harmon Rnmhm** t Time Has Come" ' Chamberlain Tells The British Empire Italians Announce They Won't Start Military Operations •VOLES CALL LONDON British Birdmen Fly South In Winter LONDON.-- (/I 1 ) — Imperial Airwnys will probably try its hand at a South American service Ibis year when it. suspends its North Atlantic line for the winter. Aviation circlrs said the route would probably be England-Lisbon- Bathiir.st-Buenos Aires. Flying ho;its now used on the Foyncs-Botwood route and three 'A'i- luii fimr-tngined seaplanes built at Rochester will he available. The first nf the latlur claws—the Golden Hind — has already completed test flights, Mobilize^ All Of Ihe Grenadier will he launcher! shortly mid the: Gn.'nvillc will follow a month later. No War Panic For U.S. This Time, As Nation Prepares European Blow-Up Won't Catch United States By Surprise MARKETS ARE "SET" Her Land, Sea and Air Forces i ROME, Italy —(IV)— The Italian cabinet announced Friday that Italy would ru- frain from starting any military operations. LONDON. Eng. — a?.— The Polish ambassador to London notified the foreign secretary, Lord Halifax, Friday that Poland invoked the British—Polish mutual as- sistanc c treaty on the grounds of Get man aggression. . LONDON, Eng. — (I?)— «<Prime Minister Chamberlain told the British Parli- l mcnt Friday that Adolf Hitler "has not hesitated to plunge the world in to misery in order to serve •his own senseless ambitions." ! Britain, he told parliament, has sent a last warning to Germany and if it should be rejected—he added parenthetically he expected it would be—the British ambassador would ask for his passport. The prime minister's statement came a few hours after Poland had called on r Great Britain for help against Germany, and after King George had signed an order for complete mobilization of the British army, navy and air force. Chamberlain asserted to parliament: "The time has conic when action rather than speech is * ret] uired. The prime minister said a bill would be introduced making the ages for mili- lary service between 18 and •11. ' Russia Completes Pact With Nazis Moscow Ratifies It, Aftei Collapse Of The Allies' Latest Offer MOSCOW, Russia.— (if)— (Passed b. British Censor)—After hearing fron Premier Mnlotoff an explanation o the failure of Anglo-French-Sovie negotiations, the Russian Parliamcn Thursday night unanimously ratifict the Soviel-Gertrtajv pact of nqu aggression. Molotoff declared that the negotiations, which lasted four months, met obstacles which proved insurmountable. This'was so because "a mutual id pact with England and France could, be significant only if military co-operation were possible. But the negotiations and the staff talks proved not .only that, but also that England! tar from objecting to the Polish stand, supported it." Previously Molo- toff said that Poland objected to passage of Soviet troops over Polish territory. Molotoff asserted that the English stand on the Polish objections, as well as England's action in sending low- ranking officials to negotiate and dis- Machinery Arranged To President Thinks U& May Stay Out Of European War F. I). R. Authorizes Direct Quotation At Press Conference BERLIN ENVOY OUT Control A Boom Or Soften A Panic To IJy KRUCE CATTON NBA Service Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — In August of 1914 the world came to an end out of a clear sky. One week people were moving along on a path that looked fixed, settled and ordered for generations to come....; tho next week, it had broken up under them, and a thousand years of development explored in a thundering climax that was as unexpected as it was disastrous. August of 19X9 is different. Europe again is groping on the edge of a precipice, but if it goes over the edge no one 'Till be taken by surprise. The world (hat blew up in 1914 was never put back together again. The disaster of this August has been on the horizon f'r years, and everyone has seen it. The outbreak of the 1914 war hit us between the eyes with a short-lived but acute financial panic, suspended, America's export trading in securities was suspended, America's export trade to Europe dropped abruptly, commodity prices fell, trade fell off. America was a debtor nation then Its great industrial expansion of the previous half century had been prcttj much financed with European money and the Europeans were in a scramble to get their money back. British in vestors had better than $4,250,000 in (Continued on Page Four) (Continued on Page Four) The Arena of Undeclared War Elugh Wilson Resigns As American Ambassador To Germany WASHINGTON. — (/I') — President Roosevelt told reporters Friday thai ic believed the United States could sl;iy out of a European conflict and that the administration would make every effort to keep this ocuntry out, In response to a press conference :juestion about whether,America could ceep from being involved, the president authorized this direct quotation: "I not only sincerely hope so, but believe we can. Every effort will be made by the administration so to do." Roosevelt announced at his conference that Hugh Wilson, ambassador to Germany, submitted his resignation Friday morning, and it had been accepted. Wilson is being assigned to special duty in the Department of State. Developments abroad Friday, and those that may he expected Saturday, Roosevelt declared, will have an important bearing on what the ad'mi,n- istratiou will do about, invoking the neutrality act and summoning congress to a special session. A Thought To trust God when we have securities in our iron chest is easy, but not thankworthy: but to depend on him for what we cannot see, as it is more hard for man to do, so it is more acceptable to God—Feltham. What Happened Back in Ily the Associated I're.ss ' A Merman-Polish wur is on. Britain and France will he in il if, "as it would seem, Germany declared war on Poland." This declaration was made in an authoritative London statement which passed through the firitish censorship. German troops attached along the Polish Corridor. German planes bombarded Polish town. 1 ;. In Berlin, the attacks was termed a counter-attacks in retaliation for Polish border violations. Jt started Friday morning after Adolf Hitler issued nil order for the Germany army to "meet force with force." f German,ships blockaded Gynia and ,,egan to clear neutral shipping out of the Baltic. Germany officially accepted Danzig back into the Reich at a Reichstag session ut which Hitler declared his determination to get Dynxig and the Polish Corridor and halt. Polish "attacks' 1 on the Germans or die in his uniform. The British and French cabinets met to decide their action. President Roosevelt appealed to all ^.potential participants for a pledge against bombarding civilian populations or unfortified cities from the air. Approximately one-tenth of state of Maine consists of water. the America — Mil to l'J39; All is changed, transportation, war plans, leadership, even Milady's hair dress POLAND V« Warsaw GERMANY Sudetenlond Token October,'38 Czechoslovakia T March, '39 Ruthenia taken by Hungary March, '39 German Bombers Hit Warsaw As 3 Armies March In Planes Knocking Down Bridges Along Vistula River In Poland "FIGHT I DIE " The vut-p shows Poland's desperate position, with Germany's war front virtually cncirclincj her on the west, and with Russia out of the picture' on the east. The shaded areas at the bottom of the map show Germany's recent marc/i through Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Slovakia. T he black areas, Danzicj and the Polish Corridor, at the top of the map, shoio where Germany is mar chine/ this Friday night. To Curtail Postal Service Monday No Rural Delivery To Be Made Labor Day—One Delivery In City Postmaster Robert Wilson said Frilay that service at the Hope post- office would only be partly suspended in observance of Labor Day, next Monday, September 4. There will be no delivery on the rural routes. One delivery will be made on the city routes, during the morning. The stamp and general delivery windows will be open jfroin 0 to 11 a. 'in'. The money order window will he closed all day. Juveniles Are 20 Pet. Of Criminals Dr. A. C. Kolb Points To Challenge To Home, In . Rotary Address Juvenile delinquents—persons under Ihe age of 21—comprise 20 per cent of all American criminals, and are the greatest challenge confronting the American home, where character is formulated, Dr. A. C. Kolb told Hope Rotary club Friday noon at Hotel Barlow. Records of 1935 showed a total of Wi million criminals in the United States, Dr. Kolb said, and 700,000 of these were juveniles. Twenty-four per cent of those confined in state prison are under 21, he reported. The speaker said such disturbing figures'pointed to the fact that the j American home needs to take greater interest in child discipline, the church needs to emphasize more than ever religious training of children, and all citizens need to take a greater interest in the problem of street- children created by broken hones. A visiting Rotariaji Friday was J. G. Hamblen, Jr., of El Campo. Texas. Three Robberies At Prescott Reported Loot Valued At $200 Is Stolen; Officers Seek Clues Police Chief Sweeney Copeland and Sheriff Clarence E. Baker were asked Friday to be on the lookout here for disposal of loot taken in three robberies at Prescott Thursday night in which approximately $200 was stolen in cash and 'merchandise. Places robbed were the Oak Grill, operated by Jammie Woodul; Clyde's Sandwich Ship, operated by Clyde Hesterly, and the home of a Mr. Simpson. At Clyde's Sandwich shop, (lie robbers took the entire slock of cigarettes, cigars and a camera, valued at a total of $100. At the Oak Grill, the robbers smashed a music machine and a pair of penny scales, getting away with an undetermined amount of cash. The music machine is owned by B. L. Rettig of Hope. At the Simpson home, the following loot was taken: One suit of clothes, two pairs of shoes, four pairs of trousers, a bed sprund and an Elgin watch. No one was under arrest Friday noon as officers sought clues in the three robberies. There are 600.000 names in Load's telephone directory. • CRANIUM CRACKERS Familiar Sayings These familiar phrases are as old as they are popular. Do you know who wrote them, and when? 1. A stitch in time may save nine. 2. Out of (lie frying pan into the fire. 3. Nothing is certain but death and taxes. 4. All is well that ends well. 5. It was Ga-eek to me. 6. Roses red and violets blew. Auswws on 1'age Two Poles Reject Nazi Peace Proposals Warsaw Determined No' To Give Up Danzig Or The Corridor WARSAW, Poland.—(/P)—The condi tons of Adolf Hitler's proposals fo: settlement of the Polish-German dis puto, such as immediate return o Danzig to Germany, are inacceptable to Poland, a government spokesman said Thursday night. The spokesman emphasized that Poland was deter mined to keep Pomorze and her rights in Danzig. Of Hitler's proposal for a plebiscit in Pomorze, one reaction here was: Germany can begin with Czechoslovakia if she is interested in a plebiscite." In reply to Hitler's "terms" as an- jiounced by the German radio it was slated Poland will insist upon full restitution of her rights in Danzig. Danzig is under Polish customs administration, and certain Polish customs and railway functions have been taken over by Nazis in the past few days. "Hitler insists on Poland yielding Danzig and Pomorze as a preliminary to negotiations," the spokesman said. "Poland has not given up Danzig and Pomorze, and will not. "Britain, in a second reply to Hitler, has maintained her unyielding position without change." He emphasized that Poland always has been interested in a peaceful settlement, but that the conditions of the proposals could not be accepted. As the spokesman disclosed that the government had refused to send a mission to Berlin to talk with Hitler, as the fuehrer proposed, hope for peace faded. NOTRE DAME SALE BOOMS SOUTH BEND.-Season ticket sales at the University of Notrfc Dame show an increase of 70 per cent over lasi year. A horse chestnut is not a chestnut; gdapefrut is not related to grapes; pepper-grass is not grass; calla lilies are not lilies; and a pine apple :^i Says Hitler, Donning Uniform To Lead Troops In Field By Lloyd Lehrbas Associated Press Correspondent WARSAW, Poland—German warplanes swooped over Warsaw Friday afternoon in an air attack in advance of three German armies invading this country. I am telephoning this dispatch to Budapest (Hungary) with a telephone in one hand and a gas mask in the other. <f r«wn-where-;I^am I • can |hear the wail of power-diving planes and can see 14 German bombers slowly but steadily following the course of the Vistular river, apparently attempting to destroy all bridges. A large number of women and children were killed, a government communique said, when German planes bombed a refugee train from Poznanj, 70 miles west of Warsaw. This is the first time German bombs have been dropped in the Polish capital. Berlin R aid Warning BERLIN, Germany —(/P) Warning aii'-raid sirens howled through Berlin Friday night, announcing the advance of enemy warplanes. The populace immediately rushed to cellars and other protective shelters, War is Begun BERLIN, Germany —(/P)— Germany and Poland are waging ail undeclared war. At noon Friday an official announcement said the Nazi air force had gone into action over Polish territory and that the German army is "counter-attacking" all along the German—Polish frontier. The official statement that a war is on came shortly after Hitler left ,he Reichstag amid cheers for his declaration that lie would enforce a Polish settlement. "I am putting on the uniform, and I shall take it off only in death or victory," he stated. In a passionate 36-minute speech the fuehrer declared significantly that ermany does not count on Italian help. On the other hand he pictured Soviet Russia as Germany's eternal friend. Hitler declared Germany would fight until the Polish government yields or is supplanted by a government that will yield. The chancellor declared his intention to lead the forces at the front, and named Field Marshall Goering as his first choice for succession to the Nazi leadership if he is killed. Warsaw Is Bombed WARSAW, Poland —(/Pi— German troops supported by Nazi warplanes invaded Poland Friday in three major (Continued on Page Four) Cotton NEW ORLEANS.— <JP>— October cotton opened Friday at 8.37 and closed at 8.51. Spot cotton closed steady threq points up, middling 8.8tt«

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