Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 9, 1941 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, December 9, 1941
Page 1
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Wotvd'Wlde N*ws Coverag* Given Impartially by Associated Press 4-V /PLUME 43 - KII J. I .',::K 48 1 of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidoted January 18, 1929, * ' Ai ^*' " ":""-"'•"' : '- ;?; i"-5> ! 'i ; *f| Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Increasing ness and warmer Tuesday night; Wed*' nesday cloudy with occasional rains' and colder ift the afternoon or HOPf, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1941 ?iWrr?, dns .*°eldted Press NEA)~Meons TMewjpoper Enterprise AW'ii PRICE ast Air Alarms Are Test Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN- Bases Are Reported "Raided Tuesday Report Unconfirmed; to Ask Court Martial for Hawaii Attack NEW YORK - W - Ford Wilkings, |4iBS correspondent In Manila, report- It Td at 9:12 a. m. (EST) Tuesday that there had been unverified reports e ° ombin 8 s of the Japanese island of Formosa and the cities of Tokyo and Kobe. -yThe latest announcement of the Tlapanese defense headquarters in Tokyo as picked up by the Associated Press from a Domei broadcast said there had been no air attacks on Japanese territory up to Tuesday morning. Gas Question' LONDON — (#)- Britain has informed Japan : that she will abide strictly by. the: terms of the poison gas motocol;6fv the- 1925 Geneva convention and asked 'for Japan's as that Casualty List WASHINGTON ..-0PJ- The War Department published the army's first jp/ficial casualty list of the war Tuesday making public the names of 37 army officers and men killed in action in the Japanese attack, on Hawaii. Demand Court Martial WASHINGTON -(/P)-< Rep. Din- ll (D.-Mich.) • told the house Tuesday. that he proposed to demand that a court martial proceeding be instituted against high ranking army officers and the commander of the Pacific fleet for "what happened in Ha«""•". ^ 35fh Suspends 'Discharges Announcement Is O Made Tuesday by Gen. Ben Lear WASHINGTON -W- The House swiftly completed congressional action ^n legislation to hold all navy enlisted men in service for the duration of the war as an intensified drive to build warships faster Was announced. The measure was approved with a record vote. The senate passed the measure Monday. ry, - "35th Acts CAMP ROBINSON — (/PJ— Lt. Gen. Ben Lear, commander of the Second Army, Tuesday directed the suspension of discharges from the 35th Div- ifion because of age (over 28) or dependencies. The division has released in recent weeks 2,840 men for these reasons and 350 applications for similar release was pending at the time Tuesday the order was received at di- £;sional headquarters. Southern Cross The "Southern Cross' constellation of stars is visible in the United States only at the southernmost points, but rfue to the wabbling of the earth's axis, it will, at « future date, be seen as far north as Quebec, Canada. Teddy Roosevelt Once Saved Japan And Won a Prize for It It is the irony of history (I told Hope Kiwanis club at its luncheon Tuesday- in Hotel Henry) that the same United States Which first' opened up Japan to maritime trade and helped |raise her to a world,power, and which once saved Japan from extinction in a desperate war, is now called upon to destroy her. " " S 1 It was Commodore Perry who took I |fe a fleet of American warships into a l«lft«lt1ACA K^r Af Japanese harbor in 1853 and made pos- >jJUMUllVjC DUJCj sib '° thc tollow ' ln S year the signing Or • ^»^r» 0 ( a commercial treaty between Japan and the United States and other white powers. From that time onward Japan's prosperity and strength grew until she had raised herself to a major power. But in 1904 the young and growing Japanese empire came into collision with Czarist Russia. The history books put that war down as an overwhelming Japanese victory, but while perparing these remarks I remembered a certain impartial judgment which throws an entirely different light on thc subject. And, looking up the reference, I find that I remembered correctly. Holt & Chilton's "European History 1862-1914" is a standard college and university textbook. Of the Russo- Japanese war (1904-05) Holt & Chilton wrote: "TherejSeems'to be no doubt that from a strictly military viewpoint, the certainty of ultimate success lay with Russia. Japan had made her supreme effort, and had staked everything on the outcome. Had Russia still prosecuted the war vigorously, the Japanese must have been driven back to final defeat. But the continued Russian disasters, and political disorders at home, had practically destroyed Russian credit. More, the social unrest in itussia was so menacing • that the government felt unable to go on with-a foreign war. With revolution' imminent, therefore,; ; thejr.. accepted iv readjly. President^, * CThebdpre) r^Rppseyeltfs.. invitation' •' to send ministers "to the 'United • States for .the purpose of discussing peace." , That peace was signed September 5, 1905, at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, U. S. A.—and because of it Teddy Roosevelt was awarded the ?40,000 Nobel peace prize. Teddy Roosevelt would turn over in his grave today if he knew what tragic course had been followed since by the Japanese nation he orice saved from extinction. But for us, now fighting for peace in the Pacific, the lesson of that Russo-Japanese ygar is much more than history's irony.*' Russia had victory in her grasp buf for domestic trouble back home. That shall not happen to the United States. We will fight to victory. If we suppress traitors at home we shan't need any intermediaries abroad —such as a well-meaning American president who once saved Japan from extinction by the Russia enemy, ./Incidentally, I should report that all the Kiwanians are preparing to got their speeding tickets "fixed." They have just fleeted Chief of Police F. V. Haynie to membership. Or maybe I shouldn't be so forthright. The mayor belongs to our own club, Rotary. * * * By WILLIS THORNTON Effrontery Now Bears Its Evil Fryit Probably when we look back to •these days and survey the motives and the acts of men in power, the thing that will stand out will be the impudent effrontery of the Nazi mind. Mark this; There have been wars of conquest before and peoples forced beneath the yoke of conquering armies. "Woe to the vanquished" was an old slogan when Brennus tossed his sword contemptuously into a Roman scale. But did any conqueror before have the effrontery to assume that millions of free people, being conquered, would then forget so quickly their lost liberties that a quick dose of propaganda, the buying (with money or with place, it makes no difefrence) of a few "leaders," and a short, sharp economic squeeze, would turn free peoples into docile partisians of a "world order" operated solely for the U. S. Airplanes Begin Search of Pacific Looting Reported as Seattle Undergoes First Blackout SAN FRANCISCO -(#•)- The army and navy wore on the prowl Tuesday for an enemy aircraft which sent at least two squadrons of planes over industrial plants Monday night and ranging San Francisco Bay without dropping a single bomb. The thirty odd planes ranged from San Jose at the south tip of the bay to the naval yard at Mare island, the Fourth Army interceptor commander reported. The flight caused the first blackout in San Francisco's history. Two others followed in the darkness of early morning but it was not disclosed whether they were enemy planes approaching. Army interceptor planes followed the circles of the enemy squadrons but were unable to determine where they finally went. The navy then took searching parties for the plane carrier, presumably off the California coast and probably from 500 to GOO miles at con Marsh gas is used to light and heat a home in Kelseyville, Calif. 'CHRISTMAS Buy now and put SEALS them on your hoi- iday mail. They cost so little but do so much. Every citizen should lend a helping hand in this voluntary cajii- payn. Talbot Feild, Jr., County Chairman Rev. J. E. Hamill, City Chairman. (Continued on Page Two) Looting in Seattle SEATTLE -(/P)_ Smashing show windows and looting a crowd of more than 1,000 inforced Seattle's first wartime blackout in" defiance of the police Tuesday. The crowd was completely out of control of the city police and milled through the center of the city's business district for more than an hour Approximately 30 show windows were smashed. '<, Nearly all of Uie displays were looted, some of .the merchandise being thrown Jnito the .streets/and other more valuable>pleces being ..taken.. .;;> -57^: /'•:. In" all/.thd>;:mam : 'crowd covered ? • 6 city blocks leaving, a wake, of'shat- tered glass arid missing merchandise but not a single window remained. Scout Sea ' SEATTLE (/P)— Planes at Portland, Oregon, airbase hopped off at 8:15 a. m. Tuesday, the Second Interceptor command announced, to hunt 600 miles of sea for two or three Japanese aircraft carriers and some submarines reported operating off the coast. General Wash, in charge of Monday night's Pacific coast blackout, ordered all radio stations within a 100 mile radius of Seattle to continue off the air indefinitely, and said Seattle would be blacked out again Tuesday night. ''.'. Traffic Halted on Highway 4 Hope-Washington Highway Blocked to All Traffic The Arkansas highway department announced Tuesday that Highway number 4, from Hope to Washington, had been closed to all traffic both day and night. The announcement was made following a memorandum from W. W. Mitchell Arkansas highway director at the request of Col. D. C. Cabell, commander of the Southwestern Proving Ground. • The highway seperates the Proving Ground from its huge military airport and the step w a s taken as a precaution against any eventuality. Hey, Ferdinand GARLAND, Kans. — (>P)— George Lanham suspects there must be a distant relationship between his bull and Ferdinand. The Lanham bull likes ripe persimmons so well he butts the trees to shake down the fruit. Toads 6 inches long and 3 inches wide were discovered in South America by Dr. C. W. Parsons, of the University of Glasgow. -I 1" '^^~njr^_ ^^^ft^^J^^J We asked Arthur, the agile "aardvarV,"" ---^, What he'd bought for his girl friend (a sharlo "Little sweaters," he said, "For each tooth in her head— But I'm doing it just for a lark." 13 SHOPPING PAYS TII.I, CHRISTMAS Japan Reports Success in Initial Attacks Wake, Guam Said Captured; Asserts Pacific Sea power Changed TOK}YO-(;P)-!(An official broadcast picked up by the Associated Press)—Great initial success and a widening scope and increasing tempo of the Japanese air, land and sea war in the Pacific with the United States and Britain were reported by the Japanese Tuesday. A navy spokesman declared the Japanese navy already had landed blows which had changed the old balance of American and Japanese seapower as to nullify President Roosevelt's high pressure eastern policy. The achievement of the Japanese navy it was said "completely shatters all naval strategy of the U. S. naval experts." The army announced that its bombers had hammered Nichols Field, U. S. base near Manila in the Philippines, in a mass attack which demolished important air facilities. A ring of Japanese warships which shelled tiny Midway island, a U. S. possession 1,400 miles west of Honolulu, set hangars and fuel stores ablaze Monday, the communique said. (A Tokyo broadcast heard by CBS said the islands of Guam and Wake, two U. S. stepping stones across the Pacific, were now under the Japanese flag. The broadcast, heard Monday night, did not elaborate.) The Japanese said they had shot down 9 American planes in attacks on the Wake island Monday and at the same'time the imperial headquarters announced that the Japanese air- force ! and,Jand forces began an attack upon "the'*area of Singapore .Tuesday. j:iT;wo,-;c())ithigentf: wiefe. ? reported a(b have' completed the occupation'W Bangkok, the Thailand capital, under the terms of the new Japanese r Thailand agreement protecting that country against the democracies. Domei said that it was understood that both British and Americans in Thailand were now in their country's legations and said that more than 100 Thais including 40 police' had been killed Monday night in a British attack on the frontier. (A Berlin broadcast also said that the Japanese had arrived in central Thailand and fro mthe northern part of that country were already launching an attack to cut the Burma road I —presumably by a drive through Burma.) (The Rome radio also reported a Japanese landing in north Borneo.) A British communique from Hong- kong announced that the Japanese launched an attack upon that stronghold at two places on the land side Monday. The British were hurridly "demolishing bridges and railroads to hinder the advance." County Defense Office Planned Talbot Feild, Jr. Returns From State Meeting at L. R. The Chairman of the Hempstead County Defense Council, Talbot Feild Jr., conferred in Little Rock Monday with state officers of the Defense Council of Arkansas. Mr. Feild reports that plans are underway to open up a Civilian Defense Office in every Arkansas county. Through cooperation of the WPA, clerks and secretaries to staff, the county civilian defense headquarters will be certified from the WPA Mr. Feild said: "This war is far more serious than most of us realize. That Japan will be ultimately crushed, there is no doubt, but it is likely to require from six months to two years for us to achieve total (Continued on Page Two) Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Open High Low Close Dec 16.65 16.38 Jan 16.58 16.58 16.58 16.56 March 17.10 17.29 16.56 16.74 May 17.22 17.40 16.67 16.88 July 17.28 17.43 16.70 16.90 Oct 17.49 17.49 16.93 17.08 NEW YORK Dec 16.70 16.75 16.49 16.37 Jan 16.60 16.60 16.56 16.49 March 17.07 17.25 16.52 16.71 May 17,17 17,37 16.63 16.82 July 17.22 17.37 16.64 16.80 Oct 17.29 17.30 16.72 10,88 Middling Spot 17.85. President Roosevelt Addresses War Message to Congress—Map of Pacific NEA Service Teleohoto Adressing the combined Senate and House of Represensatives in the lattcr's chamber, President Franklin Roosevelt Monday asked that the congress give hint an immediate war declaration. Behind. tl,e president'on the rostrum are Vice-President Henry Wallace, left, and Speaker of the House, Sam Rayburn. Seated at the president's left is his son James, a captain in the Marine Corps. , • Assembled in joint session in the House of Representatives in Washington, members of the Senate and the House and tie Supreme Court listen as President Roosevelt makes his request for a declaration of war against Japan—which was voted almost unanimously. H n» i ui »<M. «B<IUU>I *£?* PACIFIC OCIAH Price Fixing By Taste LYNCHBURG, Va. -W- A concessionaire, seeking to increase the price of sandwiches at the Virginia Tech-Virginia Military football game, submitted samples to the mayor and council. The mayor munched a ham sandwich—and the price was hiked from, ten to 15 cents. Steam Lighter A cigaret can be lighted by steam. This cannot be done by the visible cloud that comes from a tea-kettle, and which is vapor, but by real steam in gaseous form. In Argentina. American motion pictures hold a dominant position. German films rank second, French third and Spanish fourth. Two Air Alarms Electrify East Seaboard Cities New York Undergoes 2 Alarms as Hull Warns to Be on Lookout NEW YORK -W)- Public o«« v officials. revealed Tuesday that a'ser- ies of air raid alerts and alarms whicH| electrified the eastern seaboard iweref; merely rehearsals and that reportsfpfl approaching enemy planes were'falSef| The great Metropolitan , area*<gofj New York 'was put on the aid, 'raid! alert twice within an hour "shor'tlyH after noon amid varying and iihcon2| firmed reports of an attack by hostile! plancs - £«/ The second all-clear was sounded ' 2:40 p. m. NEW:YORK-m-A second air /afcp| alarm was sounded in New York''cUy^ at; 2:05 Tuesday just 15 minutes iafter) the all-clear signal had been flashed?* by police after a previous alarm''fit! 1:25 p..m. EST prompted by unconry firmed reports of hostile planes x the east coast. )— Authori Hull Warns Nation ™ w WASHINGTON - (S>) - Secretary! 1 Hull indicated Tuesday that this counjf try should be r on guard against* a'sud^f den German move supporting Japan's! fulfillment of the Axis tripartite*-pacti*i .With: specific reference to Japanese! air and submarine attacks on PeairlJ Harbor Hull said that if the national! effort to which he referred was\putl forwkard "no American need ijear^the] outcome of the attack" which he : said J was so "oufrageously and treachously|5 undertaken by "Japan. ^ .1.* **""', ( al Planes Off Boston PORTLAND, ed sources _j liably reported that "hostile /firc^l were an hour outside of Boston',»t p. m. EST, "• VuS Single Plane Reported NEW YORK-OP)—Ah a}r raid i sounded in New York city and Su, county on Long Island at about. p. m. EST. t i, '" Suffold c6unty comprising the ,c em tip of Long Island called,all villari defenses into action at once,': i A plane was reported sighted & ing in from the Atlantic at M&ftt point, at the eastern tip of Long and. <^%»,3 The alarm sounded one hour and,,35'> . minutes after a report that eneijiy.?'^ planes were approaching th,e city,'»\« Earlier the city's million schopVt^l children were evacuated and the i defenses were placed on the alert, Warned From Washington NEW YORK - (#) - An "oHiclal^^ warning from Washington" that hostile} 1 '!! planes were reported two hours otjt^' I of New York City was received Tuesi «L day at Mitchel Field, Long Island?'?* Where the first airforce Js stati Mitchel fjeld was placed on the Hardy Rowland Shot Tuesday 5 Newspaper f«f ColumnistWounded in Night Spot : LITTLE ROCK -«>)_ Hardy (Spidi er) Rowland, 40, Little Rock news*- i paper columnist and former night, club operator, was shot and wound* ed in a shooting fray early Tuesday at a night club on Highway 70 near Nortli Little Rock. T ' Attendants at the hospital said thley,^ held little hope that Ixe would recQyetU'ij State policemen said they were d?--^ taming without charge the owner, of -"*^ the night club where the shooting rt « occurred, pending further question-' • ing and the outcome of his inji4ry, v t The orange tree is believed to fce the only one which bears fruit «§4'> flowers at the same time. Cause For Divorce BARTOW, Fla.—(XP)-A woman filing suit for divorce on grounds of cruelty charged that her husband "twisted tile complainant's nose, causing great pain and anguish, so that the complaint's nose was swollen for many days..." »•?! V ^ Cranium Crackers Soldier Slang Army slang has been blitz-krieg- ' ed by the modern generation of soldiers, and the following terajs are now heard frequently around camps and maneuvers grounds. How may can you translate? 1. Bubble dancing, blind fly* ing. 2. Aimored cow, Chicago ato^ izer, motorized freckles. 3. Flying boxcar, night bomj?., er, shack man. 4. Glamor boy, zombie, gravel agitator are names fojr soldiers. What types do they identify? 5. Cross-baj; hotel, slum bur»» er, windjammer. Auswers o# Con% Page

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