Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 8, 1941 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, December 8, 1941
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^1 id! If tiiMAMMtft News Cov^afie diver* ImpoWollyby Associated Press * X > m .-j*^ <& J *A'°-~".,\'i'''j^'^4 y JL*T ( "*> ! colder in the northeast portion day night; Tuesday fair. 'OLUME 43 — NUMBER 47 f ; Mar of Hope/ 1899; Preii, 1927; Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPPt, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 8, 194? CAP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Att'n EJ OC Congress Declares War! ^? A A A ^^(^^^^ i ; v* , nfe 1 • — _^^ ' ^ ^ W 7^4 J^M £•? JAJT i*&* Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor — ALEX. H. WASHBURN q War Comes And America Meets It For the 3,000 American sailors, soldiers and civilians killed or wounded in the treacherous attack upon Honolulu .Sunday the government and the people of the United States jwi 11 exact the supreme tribute from Japan—we will destroy her. This much lies within our power, for a certainty. And this much we Will do. .The traditions of Europe are old •— @ahd » confusing, we having had no Adkins Banquet Here Tuesday Is Postponed , Spencer to Wash' ington; Ticket Price to Be Refunded by C. C. TOR. P. Bowen, secretary of the Hope Chamber of Commerce, announced here Monday morning that the appreciation banquet for Governor Homer M. Adkins, .had been idefinite- ly postponed. y;fflr. Boweivsaid that Col. D. C. Ca- Oell, commanding officer of the Southwestern Proving Ground, called .him Sunday nightjand asserted that,;.the War Department had issued:'orders that al lactivity of that kind be abari- _. we hand in their making. But the tradition of the Pacific and the Orient has been one of peace, and the United States has made it so. We opened up Japan to modern commerce and industry. We traded in peace with China, and with the isles of the South Sea. All was well until the Army chiefs of Japan were seized with the plague of conquest. Disregarding the popular vote of Japan they went onto the mainland of Asia with their armies. They involed their country in a disastrous war with China, and when the Japanese parliament voted "no confidence" in the cabinet the Army chiefs dissolved parliament. The Army chiefs did this no less than four times—so that we have known for the last year or two that popular will hod nothing to do with the acts of the Japanese government. We had hoped, however, that actual var would be averted because the Japanese Navy had a known record of respect for American naval power. But the war clique spread to the Japanese Navy — and it was their treacherous sortie against Hawaii Sunday that plunged the Western world into war. Japan,' like Britain, is an island empire, subject . to destruction only •jt The banquet was to have been'held in the Proving Ground cafeteria and several hundred tickets had already been sold for Tuesday night. Anderson's Statement Roy Anderson, president of Hope Chamber of Commerce, issued the following statement at noon Monday: "Events this week-end compel us to abandon our Appreciation Banquet for Governor Adkins which was scheduled to be held Tuesday night at the cafeteria of the Southwestern {J'roving Ground. "The Chamber of Commerce wishes to express its appreciation for the prompt action of Col. D. C. Cabell, commanding officer of the Proving Ground, in notifying us Sunday night (uhat orders had been issued from | Washington cancelling all social act- 1 ivities—following Japan's declaration i of war upon us Sunday afternoon. I "Senator Spencer, who was to have || introduced Governor Adkins, has been j f recalled to Washington; and it is i'jJntirely unlikely that Governor Ad' Ttins himself could attend the banquet in view of the new problems raised for a governor by the national emergency. I "Notwithstanding all this, the cham- i/'jer of commerce is hopeful that at l$ome future date we may be able to I carry out our original plans for a ^testimonial dinner to Governor Ad- jkins, mindful of his interest in this |section of the state, and of his many |close friends here. S 1 "About 200 tickets already have been /Bold for the banquet. Ticket-holders •Jarc asked to call at the chamber offices in the city hall, and their Jfmonoy will be refunded." If Senator Lloyd Spencer who was to § ave introduced Governor Adkins left unday night for Washington. The ,ypcnator left by automobile for Mem- fphis where he and other members of Congress boarded a plane Monday Ejnorning for the capital, Spencer's Statement The Senator released the folowing _tatement: || "We've done every thing possible fjo settle our differences with Japan peaceably. if "My idea is to eliminate Japan as '^ foe because later we might have to jfiake on Germany. ,4 "The president has done everything to his power to avert a crisis but Ippan seems determined to fight and we might just as well get it ovei: ;ith. >; "Certainly it is better to fight Ja- jian alone now before the three Axis powers have a chance to unite their war forces against one foe." ^CHRISTMAS f SEALS Buy now and put them on your holiday mail. They cost so little but do so much Every citizen should lend a helping hand in this voluntary capi- payn. Talbot Feild, Jr. County Chdivm^n. Rev. J. E. Hamill, City Chair man. ,, has not* the sea power nor the resources at ,home nor the dominions abroacT to' 'sustain her in a fight' with a major power — much less an! America now Angered, united, and thirsting for vengeance. We have, before us the memory of 3,000 fellow citizens killed or wounded by treachery while standing duly at the nation's western outpost, And, in the broader view, we have the strict duty to destroy this warmonger so that all the other peoples of the Pacific may continue to live in that peace for which this great ocean once was named. * * * Press and radio turn out to be great collaborators in an emergency. 1 got the. first flash of the Japanese attack upon Hawaii from a Columbia Broadcasting System announcement (incidentally CBS seems to have scooped all the other radio systems), The bulletins, however, quoted both CBS reporters and Associated Press correspondents as all agencies pooled the available news. It remains a fact, however, that people ordinarily don't listen to the radio unday afternoon — for the news was there for them but they didn't get . Our crowd came down to The Star office Sunday afternoon rigged up The Associated Press wire, got the full story, and put out an extra at 4:30 p. m. It sold 1,500 copies— obviously catching the public flat-footed. A second extra, however, would liavo "died," For thereafter the public had its ear glued to the radio. But it was a good example of how press and radio work together 1 ' in a crisis — and they worked together all over the Pacific and the United States this fateful Sunday, By WILLIS THORNTON Peace on Earth — Even in Industry Casey Jones is not going to leave the throttle after all, and the wheels of defense will roll over the nation's railroads without interruption. Settlement of the railroad wage dispute, by dint of 34 hours of continuous conference and within fivev days of a disastrous national strike, averts once more a major threat to the national defense plans. At the time of the railway settlement, the 0PM reported only three strikes involving 1700 workers which were directly hampering defense production. We go into the Christmas season, if not with peace on earth, at least with comparative peace in our own field of industrial controversy. While the rail situation came unpleasantly close to strike, and while agreement was reached only after the most strenuous mediation efforts, nevertheless the country had some confidence all along that the disastrous strike would not be allowed to develop. Why? Because there has been no widespread, disastrous strike on the railroads since 1922, almost 20 years ago. The technique of industrial adjustment has been better learned by the W c Many Planes Lost, Other Ships Damaged Philippines At- , tacked Monday; Japs Claim Smashing Victory WASHINGTON -(#)— A war declaration was' drafted for congress Monday and at the same time the White House disclosed that American forces lost two warships, and 3,000 dead and wounded in a Japanese attack on HaVvaii. The White House said the surprise dawn attack of Japan Sunday resulted in the capsizing of an old battleship, the destruction of a destroyer, damage to other vessels and destruction of a relatively large number of planes. It stated that several Japanese planes and submarines had been accounted for. An official While House statement, first authentic government appraisial, said casualties were expected to mount to about 3,000, nearly half fatalities. It was disclosed that active resistance was still continuing against an attacking Japanese force in the vicinity of Hawaii. Reinforcements of planes are being rushed to the islands, the White House said, and repair work is already underway on ships, planes and ground facilities. The White House said that Wake and Midway islands, in addition to Guam and Hongkong, China had been attacked but details, were lacking. Several hangars were destroyed in j.the bombing-of-^anny' 1 'and navy air Hfeldji-, the-" White}*H6use' sard "and '"a' large 1 number of• planes were • put* out'• of commission.'! H6w_ever a number of bombers were said to have arrived in the 'islands safely* from San Francisco while the engagement was underway. Two hundred marines, all that remained of American marine detach- irient in China, have been interned near Tietsin, Philippines Attacked MANILA —(/P)— Japanese bombers struck' at military bases and ports the length of the Philippines Monday smashing at the big fort of Stotens- burg Clark field .the summer mountain capital at Baguio, the fort of Davao and Aparri and the far northern Btan island group. Manila had no air raid alarms and had seen no raiding planes early Monday night although Japanese war- craft were reported within forty miles of that city. Manila, which has no air raid shelter, was blacked out from soon after duck. Other ports also shut off lights and waited tensely. Japs Claim Victory TOKYO — (ff)— Japan claimed Monday smashing naval and air victories against the United States in the first shock of her offensive in the Paci- Britain, Canada Quickly Declare War on Japan Churchill Lives Up to Pledge; • Many Others to Follow .V. LONDON — (£>)— Britain like the United States under a Japanese attack declared war Monday on the Tokyo government without waiting for Washington first to formulate an American declaration. Said the Prime Minister: "It only remains now for two. great democracies to face their task with whatever strength God may give them. Churchill- told the house of commons that instruction had been forwarded to the British embassy at Tokyo and that at 1 p. m. (7 a. m. EST) Monday a note was handed ,to the Japanese charge d'affaires here slating that in view of Japan's "wanton acts of unprovoked aggression" Ihe British government informs them that a state of war existed between the two nations. Churchill recalled that with the full approval of the nation and of the empire "I pledge the word of Great Britain about a month ago that should the United States be involved in war with Japan Britain's declaration would follow within the hour." Churchill declared that Britain/had assured Thailand that an attack on her "will be regarded as an attack on us."' r • : . ' • l ','. :- / ... .... ' ' w K •». Tfr * Tfr •# •& -fr & i| I 2 Ships lost in Hawaii Raid • y •• — __ _ ; — ,/ij on Pfefe Four) (Continued on Page Four) •••• Cranium Crackers Fateful Far East Whirl of events has catapulated the islands and nations of the Orient into a major position in world affairs. Turn your eyes west, across the Pacific, for a quick look at the Far East. 1. Has Britain any naval bases on the Asiatic mainland east of India? 2. Is it farther from U. S. air base at Unalaska (Dutch Harbor) to Japan than it is from Manila? 3. From what three Chinese cities did U, S. withdraw ma- vines? 4. Is Borneo, Bali or Batavia the capital of the Dutch East Indies? Name some of the riches there coveted by Japan. 5. In what Far East nations are the following: Saigon, Burma Road, Bangkok, Penang, Surabaya? Answers on Comic Page .. Canada^.declared -war; upon, Japan late .Sunday i night after a 4-hour cabinet meeting and thus added within a 24-hour period four axis aligned nations to the list of her enemies. Other declarations of war: against Japan have come from the Netherlands East Indies and Costa Rica. , China and Australia have reached a decision to enter the war on the side of the United States. 63 Are Killed at Singapore Jap Attempts to Land on Malaya Are Repulsed SINGAPORE -(XP)— Japanese air raiders killed 63 persons and injured 133 Monday in a fierce assault on Singapore but the Japanese units were being "mopper up" in an attempted land invasion of Malaya from the north, the British command declared Monday, Japanese warcraft which landed troops at two places in northern Malaya near the Thailand border were put to flight and forces remaining on the beaches were heavily machinegunned, the British announced. A later communique Monday night said that there also had been two Japanese landn iignsnton"onRRsP54 Japanese landings in southern Thailand but that mopping up operations were continuing near Kola, and Bahru on the Gulf of Siam, just inside North Malaya from the Thailand border. The Japanese Ambassador Talks of Peace-fiat Looks at Watch for War These NEA Service telephoto pictures, made in Washington Sunday, were sent by wire ; to Fort -Worth, Texas, and by mail from there arriving in Hope Monday morning. . RIGHT — Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura, right, consults his wrist watch as he and Special Envoy Saburo Kurusu wait at the State Department in Washington for an audience with Secretary of State Cordell Hull Sunday (the .Japanese were then actual• ly attacking Hawaii and the ^Philippines). • BELOW— Japanese embassy staff members burn '.'thousands of papers, supposedly documents, in the back yard of the Japanese Embassy in Washington Sunday an hour after news arrived telling of bomb attacks on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and Manila, P. I. .v. NEA Service Telephoto Pictures of Hawaii and the Philippines will be found on Page 3. _~ — ..*.. . NEA Service Telephoto War News Is Kept Secret From Japs LOS ANGELES, Calif.-tf>)-The National Broadc^£(, L ing Company's listening post said Sunday the first Tokio news broadcast on Monday morning, at 6:20 Tokio time, made no mention of the Japanese attack in the Pacific and was followed by a lecture on "Good Morals" by a Tokio University professor. "Junior Jones," Santa said, "you are slangy, And your accents entirely too twangy. Any more of your lip And, I svyear it, next trip * I'll just bring you a six-foot Ubangi/** 14 SHOPPING DAYS TILL CHRISTMAS Roster of Hempstead Co. Men Now at Nome, Alaska They Are in Strategic Spot in Jap War; Today Deadline for Mailing Christmas Gifts Today The Star publishes the roster®of Hempstcad county men stationer") with Unit No. 1 of the Arkansas infantrymen at Nome, Alaska. Because the Aleutian islands reach far out into the Pacific toward Japan the men in Alaska, both on the mainland and on the islands (notably Dutch Harbor) occupy a strategic spot in the ' Japanese-American war just declared. Parents and relatives are reminded that today (Monday, Dec. 8) is the deadline for mailing Christmas gifts to the boys in order to assure delivery by Christmas Day. Here is the roster, just received by The Star {fom Ivy W. Crawford, lieutenant-colonel of infantry, commanding: Staff Sergeant Houston Kitchens, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Joseph C. Booker, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant William A. Deloney, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Joseph K. Eason, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Archie D. Malone, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Clyde T. Messer, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Ruel P. Oliver, Nome, Alaska. 'Sergeant William D. Parsons, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Samuel C. 'Smith, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Frederick A. Taylor, Nome, Alaska. 1 Sergeant Loy M. Wa)'d, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant Herman B. Wilson, Nome, Alaska. Sergeant John L. Wilson, Nome, Alaska. Corporal Claude H. Byrd, Nome. Alaska. Corporal Lee K. Calhoun, Nome, Alaska. Corporal Wesley P. Calhoun, Nome Alaska. Corporal Willie Downs, Nome, Alaska. Corporal Thomas C. Franks, Nome, Alaska. Corporal Franklin P. Hazzard, Nome, L. Martin, Nome, ' L. Martin, Nome, Alaska. Corporal Jessie Alaska. Corporal Jessie Alaska. Corporal Cleve W. Messer, Nome, Alaska. PFC Thomas G. Anderson, Nome, Alaska. PFC James D. Ball, Nome, Alaska. Local Men Are in War Zone Here's Partial List of Those on Duty in Pacific From its own file of; last-known addresses The Star washable Monday to get together a parti.a],; list of local men who are believed t9 be on duty with the Navy or Army in^Hawaii or the Philippines, where fte^-Japanese began war on the United States Sunday. Other local men known tq'be stationed there, or serving on ships now in tlie Pacific, will be named if friends or relatives will give the newspaper full particulars. Here is the list thus far compiled: Lt.-Col. Robert Vesey, Negros Isl- Senate Vote Is 82-0 and House Votes 388 lot Quick Unified Action Follows 'Dastardly Attack' by Japanese i WASHINGTON —(£>)— The Unt t , States through its congress declare'd| war Monday on Japan. The senate vote of 82-0 and.i'thfiS house vote of 388-1 told its own storys of the unity in face of common' er. ' • The speed with which the . two); chambers granted President Roosa 1 -! velt's request for a declaration unprecedented in history. The single house vote against was%J that of Mrs. Janet Ranking (D.-M who .was also among the few, voted against the 1917 declaration^ 6f| war on Germany. The officially announced' loss two warships and 3,000 men dead- wounded in Japan's raid on Hawaii^ was fresh in the minds of legisla-" tors, ^' ' f f'f" ,The senate and house assembled'tq-S gether to hear Roosevelt ask the'de-% deration and they cheered and thenCj pushed through without a moments^' waste of time. ' »-A* Asks Declaration 'Task," Roosevelt told the - t sipn "that congress declare, ( ,since<an*j unprovoked and dastardly'/attack jBy^, Japan on Sunday, December 7, a-'statejll of war has,existe-' ' " "-* 1 -""* 8 The president'said "a date which will live~ uVihfan 20 Minutes to Vote Within 20 minutes < after he ed the senate acted. A •.«««? The vote followed a White "Hbura announcement that Japan's sudden-at-f tack on Hawaii had cost the United! States two battleships and 3,000 "deaclj and Wounded, Standing at the rostrum. 6f the house| chamber the chief executive in a scenel such had n6t been enacted since disclosed that Japanese bombers "caused severe damage to ican naval and military forces"' andil that "many civilian lives had beenf 5 i i» r -*'j.« lost. (Mr. Roosevelt did not give the ures in his address but the; House had disclosed earlier that United States had lost two warshig and 3,000 dead and wounded.) Union Shop Given 'Captive' Mines NEW YORK—W—The United Workers of America (C. I. O.) pyer ',., the week-end won a 2->to-l Arbitrating tion Board decision awarding a shop in captive mines owned by i steel producers. The decision was announced by John R. Steelman, chairman of board who was granted a leave absence as director of the United States Conciliation Service to the arbitrators. PFC Milton E. Boyce, Nome, Alaska. PFC Edward C. Bruce, Nome, Alaska. PFC Calvin J. Cal'dwell, Nome, Alaska. PFC James B. Caldwell, Nome, Alaska, PFC Eurie H. Calhoun, Nome, Alaska. PFC Joe F. Campbell, Nome, Alaska. PFC Dallas R. Cox, Nome, Alaska. PFC George E. Delaney, Nome, Alaska. PFC James M. Downs, Nome, Alaska. PFC Robert E. Fagan, Nome, PFC Thomas Gray, Nome, Alaska. PFC Charles B. Huckabee, Nome, Alaska. PFC Sam O. Hughson, Nome, Alaska. PFC Phillip I. Keith, Nome, Alaska. PFC Wallace C. Mclver, Nome, PFC Robert H. Mitchell, Nome, Alaska. FFC Charles M. Sillivan, Nome, Alaska. PFC Sidney H. Smith, Nome, Alaska. PFC Marshall gomers, Nome, Alaska. PFC Guy C. Simmons, Nome, Alaska. (Continued four> Crutchfleld, a brother of John P. Vesey of Hope, Lt. Jimmy Derris, Manila, PhiU ippines. Lt. Percy Ramsey, Army Air Corps, Clark Field, Fort Stotsenburg, Pam- panga, Philippines, son of Mr. and (Continued, on page four) ^-T- W Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Open High Low Close Dec 16,30 16.84 16,30 16.70 Jan. ... March May ... July ... Oct. _. 17,00 . 16.80 . 16.83 16.87 , 17.23 17.00 17.00 17.40 16.72 17.53 16.80 17.58 16,87 17.77 17.23 16.85 17.08 17.19 17.26 17.43 Dec. Jan. March May . July . Oct. 16.95 .:..._ 17.05 ;.._. 16.65 is.n 16.75 «.85 16.98 17.05 17,34 17.48 17.53 17.58 Middling Sj>pl J.8,2?. 16.95 16.75 16.93 16.84 16.65 17.06 16.74 17.16 16.75 17.17 16.85 17.20 British girls have been getting ..,.,.,., stockings brought over on bombers,*£., ferried to England. American pilots were the runners. ••S Bulletins Oakland Schools Closed OAKLAND (/pj— AU schools' inctropolitian Q^klnnd were ercd clqsed.-^RIonday as an sir, raid precaution on reports that a Japanese pla,ne carrier may be .* off the Pacific coast. District attorney Ralph Hoyl said that his ' office closed (he schools on the, • recommendation of (he civivlUu defense. Industry 'in Pledge NE\y .YORK -W- American, , industry Monday pledged t\yq "battleships for every one that sink?" 'and.' q "dozen for every* one from tine enemy." The promise was made by the retiring president of the National Association of, Jliittulacturers, Walter Jl,' Fuller, jointly with William f, Witherpw, president elect of the Manila Under NEW YORK (ff)~ JJawila is under bombardment by Japanese phuies the NBC .correspondent re? ported late MondayguitW the raidr era smashing at FortWHUain-Me, KUOey, Nichols airfield a»d ft® Radio CorpowUou ot American Sho r tvvave transmitter. "fhe fire fe simply raging put (here," said Bert Sileu, the cor- rcspondeul.

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