Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 7, 1941 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Sunday, December 7, 1941
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>F'rM^?W^ EXTRA j^^^^^^ Hope J^Blfc^. ' Star j< i. TheWeatfw \ ; ARKANSAS - Fair and slightly colder in the east portion Satur^ , ^ day night; Sunday fair with rising,'.'J 4A*vtt*>«i«n4-ti»*JiM )>rSl? temperatures. VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 46 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS; SUNDAY, DECEMBER 7, mi (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Ent Entarprli* AM'O PRICE 5c COPY® Japs Declare War on U.S ^ & & & ~ ft ft ft ft. ft -ft .. ft ft• ft' ' ft ft ft ft • ft • Bomb Hawaii and Philippines; Pearl Harbor Is Hi " — ! . „ _^ i 1 '•' ' Bombers of thi Our Doily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN What Do You Know About Percentage? ••Vi ' nf f esl " rat " e is something more than Just a numeral. Six dollars' interest on ?100 balance is seldom a true 6 per cent. For the length of the contract and the manner in which principal is retired are factors In determining what the interest —rate actually is. Which mokes the following article from the ^Imperial Type Metal magazine an interesting one: Both Sides Are 'Attacking on ^Moscow Front British to Be at War With Finland, f Hungary, Rumania at 6:01 p. m. By Hie Associated Press Fighting on the Moscow front Sat. , urday -raging amid temperatures of ' ij!?! degrees below zero reached a new peak of violence as Adolf Hitler claimed the capture of seven towns while the Russians were reported to have broken through German lines in the Kalinin sector/,90 miles northwest of j.the capital. ^ German spokesmen said Nazi troops had captured Mozhaisk, 57 miles west of the capital and Klin, 50 miles northwest, , '•. <* Nazi front line dispatches also re- 'Ifcorted new gains in : a .sidesweeping movement east of Orel and Kursk, midway between the Moscow fronl and'the Soviet drive in the Ukraine, declaring that 5 towns had been captured in the arc. < Reuters, British news agency, saic the Russian counter offensive at Kalinin was continuing and that the Red army inflicted heavy blows on two German infantry divisions—aboui . 30,000 men—and captured importanl Dispatches to Pradva, said the battle south of Mpscow was increasing in ferocity while .the Germans were attacking constantly north of Tula ylOO miles below the capital and cut- Jtting the Tula-Moscow highway at several points, Large German tank forces were said to be taking par in the attack. In the north around siege-bound jLLcningrnd Hitler's high command ack-t "nowledged the spread of Soviet counter attacks but declared Russian attempts to break out of the old Czarist capital had been repulsed with high and bloody losses. ^ Soviet reports said Leningrad defense armies had registered new gains in the Tikhvin sector, 100 miles east of Leningrad where the Germans were attempting to break through and join the Finns and reported that Sov- jict troops were taking one posi- "Ttion after another. Meanwhile Britain announced that her declaratipn of war against Finland, Hungary and Rumania would take effect at one minute after midnight Saturday night (6:01 p. m. C. J'\S. T.) because'thd three nations refused to withdraw from the war. While conceeding that the declaration of war would not materially change the situation Britain explan- ed briefly that the difference would , be at the peace conference when the •*> In a pamphlet published by the Public Affairs Committee, an attempt is made to explain, for the benefit of instalment buyers, how to figure percentages. An example: "Let us take actual terms quoted in one Lowell, Massachusetts, store. A radio was priced at $100 cash and $104 on lime. The terms were ?5 down, the balance to bo paid in 12 equal monthly payments. According to the dealer, the carrying charge was 4 per cent. For spot cash, however, he would deduct ?10 from the 'cash' price. So, in reality it would cost the customer ?14 to pay off a debt of ?85 over a period of 12 months. The debt would be gradually reduced by the installment payments, with the result that the purchaser would receive credit, on the average, equal to about half the starting balance. Dividing 14 by half of 85 gives the annual rate of 33 per cent. As with nearly all percentages quoted by sellers, the 4 per cent rate quoted in this case is far from the true rate." How many instalment buyers are able to 'master such complicated arithmetic? ' * * * By WILLIS THORNTON Don't Judge the Future by the Present Evovry problem looks insolvable until the solution is found. Naturally. By definition. Mighty few problem: have failed to yield to a solution sooner or later. When the solution is fount the problem .looks easy, and we ask ourselves "What was difficult about that?" Every engineer, every mathematician, is familiar with this phenomenon. We do not so often think of socia' problems in the same way. Though social solutions, and the answers to social problems are not as accurate and final as the answers to an engineering or mathematical problem working solutions are devised just the Honolulu Raid Described by Correspondent Eugene Burns of AP Tells of Far- Flung Aerial Battle There By EUGENE BURNS HONOLULU —(IP)— At least two Fapanesc bombers, their wings bear- ng the insignia of the Hising Sun ap- jcared over Honolulu, Philippines, a)out 7:35 a. m. today and dropped jombs. Unverified reports said a foreign warship appeared off Pearl Harbor, •lawaii, and began firing at the de- "enses in that highly fortified post. The sound of cannons firing comes :o mo here in Honolulu as I telephone this story to the San Francisco Associated Press office. Reports say that the Japanese bombers scored two hits, one at Hickam :ield, Air Corps post on Oahu Is- and, and another at Pearl Harbor, setting an oil tank afire. Shortly before I started talking on he transpacific phone I saw a formation of five Jap planes over Hono- .ulu. Anti aircraft fire has set up terrific din and the sky also is filled with American battle aircraft. The sound 'of cannonading coming from the direction of Pearl Harbor has been i continuing for I'/fe hours. -So far no bombs have fallen on Honolulu itself, so far as I can determine. There is much commotion going on, with planes in the air and much anti- The citizens of Honolulu have been aircraft firing. cleared from the streets by military and naval units. War Starts in Pacific same. And when they are we ask ourselves hi the same waj "Why did we stew and worry abou that?" Right now one of the central pro blems of the United States is tha of industrial relationships, between the men : who work for wages, thi managers, the owners—and the pub lie. New relationships are being forg' ed all the time, new ways of approach being explored, new answ ere found. Because we do not see one single final answer, one formula that wil work like a chemical reagent on all situations, we incline to be discouraged with the outlook. Because in regard to certan problems like the closed shop, no answer has yet been found, we assume there is no answer. That contradicts all experience. There are techniques and procedures, not even suggested as yet, which will be commonplace 20 years hence. We will look back at 1941 and its squabbles over this and similar issues, and say incredulously, "Is it possible we quarreled over thai?" For instance: it has been suggested that employers check off from every Senator Pilkinton to Speak Over KTHS State Senator James H. Pilkinton of Hope will be guest speaker on the "Americanism" quarter-hour to be broadcast over radio station KTHS, Hot Springs, next Monday night from 6:30 to 6:45, p. m. The program is a regular weekly feature of KTHS and is presented each Monday night at the same time under the sponsorship of the Hot Springs Junior Chamber of Commerce. Senator Pilkinton will be introduced by William Lookadoo of Hot Springs and will speak on "The Sources of American Liberty." CHINA I*i 11 n 1111111 U S FLVUS TO GUARD BURMA ROAD okyo JAPAN Stionghol . \AMIRICAN CITIZENS jf, WARNMTOtlAVf on) Kong Pacific Ocean U. S. LAND, SEA COMMANDERS MEET A BRITISH RUSH v REINFORCEMENTS O JAPS MANEUVERING AUSTRALIA TROOPS ORDERED TO BATTLE STATIONS AUSTRALIA PROCLAIMED '"A STATION OF WAR JAP WARSHIPS MANEUVtRING O STATE OF IMER GENCV DECLARED DUTCH MOBILIZE FORCE i - NEA Scrvice Telephoto This map shows the theater of war in the Pacific—all but the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaii, with its mighty American air and naval base of Pearl Harbor, lies beyond the right side of the map, almost in a straight. •i!S?-"o.'v.SM*" Philippines; anjj..Guam island. Hawaii is less than 2,000 miles Irom California, with other war pointsTin the "Pacific•ranging up to 8,000 and 9.000 miles distant. ; British Would Follow U.S. A. Radio and newspaper correspondents broadcasting this Sunday on the beginning .of hostilities in the Pacific reminded the nation that if the United Stales declares war upon Japan as the result of her attacks upon Hawaii and the Philippines Great Britain is bound to declare war simultaneously on the government of Tokyo. Authority to declare war in behalf of the American government rests with the congress, not the president —and therefore an official declaration is unlikely before congress reconvenes from the week-end recess Monday, 'Rebels' Seek to Carve New State of 'Jefferson 7 i DC ai vne peace comerence wnen ine —».—.--- —— — * + three nations woul be sitting on the em P love whether the monjjy be paid other side of the table. Authorized sources said that Finland alone replied to the British note and that her reply was entirely unsatisfactory, A British spokesman sai "it has become clear since last July that the Finnish government, in facty was waging a war against Russia for purposes of territorial aggrandizement instead of a purely defensive war." CHRISTMAS SEALS rYo/ecf #9019 Buy now and put them on your holiday m.ail. They cost so little but do so much. Every citizen should lend a helping hand in this voluntary cani- payn. Talbot Feild, Jr., County Chairman Rev. J. E. Hamill, City Chairman,* . over to the union as his membership or paid to come community charity if he chooses not to be a member. That would give every man the right to refuse to join a union if he didn't like the way it was being run, but at the same time it would fasten a sort of "social tax" on each employe to remind him that he cannot enjoy a "free ride" to the conditions won by the efforts of his organized colleagues. It would avoid virtual "penalty" on union membership that results when employes in a shop are allowed to enjoy union conditions without paying their share of the cost of attaining them. Practical? Offhand, at the moment, we'd say No, simply because unions at present certainly would not accept such a condition. The only reason for advancing the idea at all is to show that all the thoughts have not yet been thought, all the proposals not yet made, all the possible solutions not yet suggested. This one pay not be practical or valuable, yet it is new. As Jong as ne wsuggestions continue to come forth there is <4- Uopg |or spJvLng ajay COPPER DEPOSITS Vacancy at Proving Ground Civil Service Exam to Be Given for Operator The manager, Ninth U. S. Civil Service District, New Federal Building, St. Louis, Mo., has advised that he will accept applications until the close of business on December 26, 1941, for an examination being held to fill the position of Telephone Operator, $1260 a year, in the Ordnance Department at the Southwestern Proving Ground, Hope, Arkansas. Applicants must show that within the past 10 years they have had at least 6 months of experience as operator in a large central office, or at least 1 year of experience as operator in a branch exchange. Age ^imits for the examination (which do not apply to persons granted veteran preference) arc: minimum, 18 years; maximum, 55 years. Qualified persons are urged to apply. Full further information and application blanks may be obtained from the Secretary, Board of U. S. Civil Scrvice Examiners, at the Post Office in Hope, Arkansas or at the Office of Southwestern Proving Ground, Hope, Arkansas; or from the Civil Service District Manager at the address given Transport Hit 1,300 Miles Of {'Frisco Japanese Apparently Between Hawaii and American Mainland WASHINGTON -(#)— The White House announced at 3:22 p. m., today that an Army transport carrying lumber rather than troops was torpedoed 1,300 miles west of San Francisco. . This placed the Japanese naval action well east of Hawaii toward the the mainland o£ the United States. There was no information as to whether the transport was sunk or the loss of life among the crew. Spencer Is Not Surprised Says.Better to Fight Japan Now Than Later U. S; Senator Lloyd Spencer, who is in Hope to attend a special banr. quet •• toi-be- -given'.-'here' -next -Tues- ; day night at the Southwestern Proving Ground for Governor Homer M, Adkins, did not show much surprise today when informed Japan had attacked U. S. bases in the Pacific. The Senator released the folowing statement: "We've done every thing possible to settle our differences with Japan peaceably. "My idea is to eliminate Japan as 'a foe because later we might have to take on Germany. "The president has done everything in his power to avert a crisis but Japan seems determined to fight and we might just as well get it over with. "Certainly it is better to fight Japan alone now before the three Axi.s powers have a chance to unite their war forces against one foe." Senator Spencer had not been notified to return to Washington at 4 o'clock Sunday afternoon but expected to be at any time. Car Lot Watchman Attacked, Killed LITTLE ROCK — (/?)— Attacked apparently by an automobile thief or thieves John Hoffman, 65, night watch man for a used car lot was found bludgeoned to death Saturday in his watchman's shanty. A 1939 coupe was missing. Merchants to Attend Banquet Hope C. of C. Will Honor Gov. Adkins Here Tuesday It has been suggested to the Chamber of Commerce that all merchants who have profited materially from the location of the Southwestern Proving Ground near Hope reserve tables for their clerks at the banquet honoring the two men who are most responsible for the location of this defense plant here, Hope Chamber of Commerce announced 'Saturday. Said the chamber: "This consideration will no dpubl be appreciated not only by the men and women who have worked hard for the past four months but by the Chamber of Commerce, Senator Spencer and Governor Adkins, and a list of all merchants who do this will be published if they will call this office. "Several have enquired if women are permitted to attend the Governor's^Banquet -next.', Tuesday,- night Emphatically, yet—It is hoped tha there will be as many ladies presen as men or even more, There will be plenty of room for all who wish to attend but those who want the more desirable seats should reserve a table at once. Reservations for single tickets will not be made." . I£ you preserve the map above, you may be acquiring a historic piece of Americana to pass on to your descendants. It's one of the first ever drawn of the new, 49th, "State of Jefferson" which 45,001) "secessionists" of Oregon and California hope to carve out of their respective states. By WALT STAFFORD ® — Written for NEA Sc r vice YREKA, Calif. — Step upland meet "Jefferson," the proposed 49th slate in the union. Some 45,000 residents of four frontier counties in California and Oregon are clamoring for secession, charging that their own state governments have failed to develop vast resources of timber and minerals. The new slate would be short on population, but long on territory. Its 12,665 square miles would exceed the combined areas of Connecticut, Rhode Island and Delaware. The peaceful rebellion started in Curry County, Oregon, -\yhen that state failed to iU» anything about proven deposits of manganese and bauxite. Mayor Gilbert Gable of Port Orfor, in Curry County, announced plans to quit Oregon and join California. Immediately Siskiyou, Del Norte and Modoc counties of California warned him he would be hopping from the frying pan to the fire. They pointe dto big deposits of clirome, copper and manganese which they said couldn't be developed because the sovereign state of California would not build them passable roads. There followed a "mutual neglect" meeting at Yreka (now regarded as the provisional state capital) and the (Continued on Page above. Southern Bird The fierce, carnivorous skiia, not the penguin, is the southernmost bird on earth. This bird, which 'often visits 300 miles inland toward the South Pole, usually slays near Ihe edge of the South Polar continent. It feeds on penguin eggs and chicks. Cranium Crackers Familiar Statues If you haven't seen these famous statues, monuments and relics in person, you're probably familiar with them through picture' and story. But have you noticed some of these little details about them? 1. What does the Statue of Liberty hold in her left hand? 2. What does the minuteman who appears on defense savings stamps hold in his right hand? where is the original of this statue? 3. Where was the Liberty Bell first cast, and when was it cracked? 4. Whose statue surmounts famous monument in Trafalgar Square, London? 5. Which of Lincoln's feet overhangs part of the pedestal of statue of the Civil War president at Lincoln Memorial in Washington? Answers on Cwwic >-•-< Rising Sun Hit Pearl Harbor Act of War Upon United States Committed by Jap Air Force ?"»x I'VtfS arifj VfcS M*V> BULLETIN TOKYO-(AP)-ThI • • " VV f *' Japanese Imperial headquarters nounced at 6 a. (Monday) that Japan had entered into a state of war with tri^ United States and Britain in the western^ .'$& -••$" Pacific. Progress of Seal Campaign Chairman Says Citizens Giving Good Response Citizens of Hope are responding wholeheartedly to the traditional Christmas Seal Campaign of the Tuberculosis Association, it was announced today by Rev. J. E. Hamill city chairman. "We do not wish to rest on our laurels and regard the campaign a complete success," Rev. Hamill stated. "Our program for 1S142 will be an extensive one, in view of the national emergency. "In addition to our regular work in teaching the citizens of this vicinity that tuberculosis is preventable and 'curable, we must keep ourselves geared for any emergency that may arise." An interesting) sidelight on htis year's campaign, according to Rev. Hamill, is that many people in this Uty have indicated wholehbrtedly their support of the campaign because "it is. an old American institution." Smith Take a Back Seat LOGAN, W. Va. — W— The city o£ Logan is one place where the Smiths don't outnumber those of other names, and the Joneses and the Browns are even fewer'. The telephone directory shows that Brownings, all 36 of them, are the most numerous. The Cooks were second with 20 and the 16 Smiths a poor third. The Joneses and the Browns weren't even in the running. '—«w-iM(r — The population of Montana, in 1940 was 554,136, as compared to 537,606 in 1930. Drive of Red Cross Closes Only Few Names to Be Published Chairman Indicates The Hempstead county Red Cross drive neared completions here Saturday when chairmen reported donations of nearly $300 boosting the total to date to $3,882.76. Chairmen indicated that only a few more names remained to be published. Donations follow: Previously Reported _.. $3585,63 Flossie Coleman _ _. 50 Francis Bolls 50 Claude Walker 25 Ambrous Hamm _ _ _. ,50 Herbert Whitten ._ 10 J. W. Mayo __ .30 Faye Boyd 50 Addcll Bruce _ 50 Mary Taylor : 50 Geraldine Collier 50 Claudia West _ .25 C. B. Roberts ........... .50 Ola Taylor ' .50 Mary Lou Rowe .50 Mildred McElfresh 1.00 Opal Pedron _. _ .50 Timothy McClendon .50 Barnum Wright . _ 1.00 Willie Hunt _ __.... 1.00 Russell Hightower 25 Brice Thomas _ 1.00 Donation 2.00 Hope, Arkansas Colored Emma Green 1.25 Queen Walton 1.00 Lillie Lewis 1.00 Mary Chambers — _ 1.00 S. N. Story .... _.. .50 Mattie Lee White 25 Gertha Harrison ...,_ 25 I. B. Elliot .25 Anna Harris _ 25 Mary L. Bumphas 25 Earnestine Murray .25 Loretla Holyfielf ;... , .25 Ninnie Kindreck —•_ _ 35 Emma Clard .50 Belle Cheatem .10 Jessie Jones - 10 John Witliam _.__. . .05 Delia Ree Holyfield .05 F. Beasley 1.00 Josephine Crews . , 25 Troy Dean. Laha . Jean Cox Tenth Grade Fifth and Sixth Third Grade Mrs. Homer Reivi First and Second Fourth Grade .". (Continued NEW YORK — Japanese warplanes 350 men at Hickman Field/! ' * & Honolulu, Hawaii, today and'M set fire to the battleship; Oklahoma in a sudden raidf' on Pearl Harbor and Honc£f lulu. , g , 'jj HONOLULU — AP—A^ naval engagement is in gress today off Honolulu)] with at least one blackl enemy airccraft carrier;in3 action against the Pearl! Harbor defenses. - •', WASHINGTON—-(AP)Japanese airplanes today attack U. S. defense bases ati Hawaii and Manila and/; President Roosevelt ordered , r; the army and Navy to carry;?!" out undisclosed orders pre pared for the defense of the United States. The White House said Japan had attacked U, S,' vital outposts in the Pacific —Hawaii and Manila^-at 3:20 p. m. EST, and so far, as is known attacks still are 1 in progress, Announcing the dent's action for the tion of U, S, territory PresU dential Secretary Stephens Early declared that so far as is known now the attack);; were 'madejwholly withouff warning Wnen both nations were at 'peace" delivered.*^ within "an hour or so of the. time that the Japanese am,* bassadors had gone to. the State Pepartment to hand / the Secretary of State Jqij: pan's reply to the secretary ies' memo of the 26th, Early made two annownc ments. The first said; "The Japanese hove tacked Peorl harbor H « wai|) *m.flp °i r «* •-,. naval ondwlitery depsti OR;, the island of Oghu, pal base in the H islands." Then, e few _, Iqter, Egrly dictated th^s/ the press associations: V "A second air attac been reported. Thi; out been made on the army navy bases in Manila, Phil ippine Islands/' NfW~YQRK -*- (AP) The HewsJuJw «*etjon , reported fey telephone toiuy fha| about 1§0 Japanese plane? haj grtaek Hawaii, ,.

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