Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on August 30, 1939 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Wednesday, August 30, 1939
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Bruce Catton Says: Business Bounds Back In Allentovvn, Pa., Area ALLENTOWN, Pa., — For Die iimncclitilc present, fit least, this particular corner of industrial Pennsylvania is feeling optimistic. Its people—those hardworking, .self-reliant folk vvu dub "Pennsylvania Dutch"—are confident Ihcir community can come buck from the depression. —ft) It (:;iine back once before. The city used to be ;i great textile of feast ind south. Yet the city rose again to Jerome ii retail market center of more thnn average importance. The riveting racket which nearly drove mo from my bed here one 'Ujhl is proof enough of the town's optimism. The building game is dooming and night-shifts arc working in construction. Allcntown is partly steel. II has its own plants, lies check-by-jowl with Ucthlohem, whose great factories «rc humming with navy orders. It has a big factory of the Mack Motors Co. I Is farmers arc getting in n first- rale potato crop, in spite of a bad drought.. Business Indices Now Favorable The usual business indices are favorable. Retail trade is excellent. A good deal of residential construction is going on, and—as a sleepless night Japs Rush Troops Into Manchoukuo * As Reds Threaten Far East Buxx.es With lie- ports 01' Impending Jap-Russian War SOVIET DENIES IT Russia Contradicts Report . ;; Of Troop Movements In Orient TOKYO. Jpan —I/I')—- As a re- suit of. Russia's non-aggression pact with Germany freeing the hands of Japan's rival in Eastern Asia, the Japanese army is rushing large forces into Manchoukuo through Korea and Nrth China. All vulnerable points along Man- choukuo's frontires with Soviet Siberia and Outer Mongolia, ;i Soviet protectorate, arc being reinforced. Manchoukuo is filled with rumors that Russia, now freed of German menace in the West, is similarly massing fresh armies in Siberia. Un Moscow, the official news agency Ta.ss Issued a denial of a rcixirt that 200,000 to 300,00 Red army troops had been sent to the Far East, asserting on the contrary that Russia was reinforcing her risons.) Western frontier gar- Scores of persons in all walks of life frankly voiced to the Associated Press correspondent during a recent journey through Korea, Manchoukuo and Japan, fears that the long-awaited second Russu —• Japanese war is imminent. "BadTfo'Schoor Sale At Penney's 'Fashions For Youth" On Display At Bargain Prices "Fashions for Youth" is the title of an article in Ihi.s week's Life maga- j x.ine in which the J. C. Penny Co.. i is quoted as saying thai the most , generally accepted school outfits for fall arc: Overalls, corduroy or dress .slacks worn' with f, work shirt, polo shiit. plaid shirt, figured shirt. For cold days "cossack coals", which are short heavy /ipporcd jackets, arc standard. A. K. Stniiquisl, man,mor of the local Penny .store, announced that he bad in .stock all of this merchandise for boys and girls, in .styles children want at prices parents like to pay. A "back lo school' sales is now in progress at the local Penny stoic. Public Concert At City Hall Friday Shovor Springs Choir Of 125 Persons Will I!e Presented lt Thr Sliovcr Springs choir of Iffi -* prisons will give a free concert at llo[n' city hall Friday night, September I, The program will include choir and quartet singing. The- public i.s invited. The progra'm begins promptly •it 8 o'clock. The Moral: Love Thy Neighbor ^ KNOXVILLK. Tei-in. -i,TV- After living in the 1 same block for more than IK) years, W. E. C'ox. a railroad em- ploye, decided he'd like to know hit neighbors. So be invited all (he residents ol Ibi' block lo a picnic on his lawn They danced, played games, ale theii full and then and there deckled to make tch picnic an annual affair. bears witness—there is a substantial amounl of store and office building construction, together with a good deal of remodeling of downtown business properties. Relief rolls arc substantially down. At the worst of the depression, the general assistance (direct relit) rolls carried .some 4200 families; the list now i.s down to 1504, having risen a trifle lately due to WPA layoffs. In the business and professional community, there seems to be an ail- but unanimous feeling thai Ihe New l>eal has outlived its usefulness. By all accounts, anti-Roosevelt feeling in this class i.s stronger now than in 1930. As one of the city's most prominent business executives explains it: "Then there were some business men who were for him, who felt tha the New Deal reforms were overdue and that its experiments were well- intentioned. Now there arc none who fel lhal way." Some shift of .sentiment away from Roosevelt is reported even among the people who arc on relief. An officia of th relief bureau remarks thata the long depression has divided the relief "veterans" into two groups. Ii one group are the people who are per- fctly satisfied to remain on relic and who, for one reason or another have .small hope of ever getting of of it anyway. These people will be pro-Roosevel just as long as they continue to fee that the New Deal stands for liberal relief policy. What Unwilling Relief Client Think The other group—much large—i osed of those who want jobs an every effort to get them, whc hate to be on relief and will be of th minute ti is humanly possible Among them, .says thi.s man, there i emerging a feeling which goes some IhiiiR like this: "After all, this dcprssion has bee going on for a long lime, and th Mw Deal has had plenty of chanc to do .something about it. It hasn lone very well because w'rc still Hope Star WEATHER Arkansas — Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday; continued warm. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 275 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY GERMANY RELENTING Indiana Holds Census "Dress Rehearsal" 174 Enumerators Get Themselves In Practice For 1940 At South Bend It Is The Women Who Know All The Answers on relief, and we're still on relief jecau.sc industry hasn't got. any jobs for use. Maybe we'd be belter off if the New Deal was replaced by an administration which would turn business loo.se and give it a chance In make jobs for us." It would be a mistake to say that he working man in general has lost his confidence in Roosevelt. The confidence i.sn't a.s strong as it was .probably, or as universal, but il still exists. A labor union leader says flatly that his members arc as pro-Roosevelt as ever. That compendium of neighborhood in formataion, a filling .station man, belligerently announces that he stills thinks Roosevelt the best friend the working man ever had, and adds that he believes all the other working men feel the same way. German Commander In Bolivia War Is Dead BKRLIN, Germany.—(/!';—Word was received here Wednesday that Hans Kunbt, German commander of the Bolivian army in the Gran Chaeo war with Paraguay, had died Monday at Lugano, Italy. Every square inch of the sun radiates energy sufficient to drive a 62-horse- powcr engine. QUIZZ TESTED OUT 1940 Series Of Questions Given Tryout Before Actual Census By ELIZABETH WALKER NEA Service Special Correspondent SOUTH BEND, Ind—Uncle Sam's mammoth question bee show—the 1940 poplation census—is getting a dress rehearsal here as a cast of 174 interrogators practices quizzing technique on residents of St. Joseph and Marshall counties. Already some surprising facts arc coming to light. One South Bei family contains so many children thai the parents can't remember names ol the kids without looking them in the Bible. St. Joseph county has a surplus of unwed 28-year-old women. Many wives are older than thiei husbands. The average wife knows as much about her husband's finaces as he does. In nine out of ten homes, it's the lady of the house who speaks up with the answers. That goes even when hubby is also present. Not all of the subjecls take kindly to this rehearsal business. A house- painter called it "a lot of damn foolishness." declined to climb down off his ladder when an inlerogalor found him at wo/k. One little old lady would only see tlife census taker through the window. Supervising the work is Gerald Ryan of Washington, D. C., U. S. Census Bureau field director. He tells us why thi.s particular area was selectd for th test. "In these two counties," he says, "ar the answers lo every question, sociological or economic, which the census can raise. Marshall county is agricultural; St. Joseph county contains a large city population. The two counties provide an excellent cross- section of industry, agriculture, trade, and the professions." The scene shifts from house to house as the questioners - Hoosier school masters on vacalion, house - wives, unemployed clerks, farmers, college slu- denls—do Ihir door-bell ringing. Purpose of th .stunt is to determine whether the planned census questions are accoplahl as they stand or must be revamped before being shot at the nation next year. Many of the qucslions arc of a personal nature. And some of the census lakers were a bit afraid of the results when they began slicking Iheir noses inlo their neighbors' business. Thanks to a pro-campaign publi- Irito beauty parlor ROCS Conrad Shumcl—not for treatment, but for census information. ..Miss Soniu DC Sonia is proprietress of shop, which is connected with her South Bend home. South Bend merchants gave award to last baby born in city before start of trail census, Aug. 15. .Patricia Plonski, winner, is held by aunt Mrs. Matt Plonski, who answers questioner. General Weygand To Be Allied Chief French General Will Be In Command In Eastern Mediterranean PARIS, France.—(/TV—General Max- imc Weygand, former chief of the French army, who has flown to the Near East, was reported in military quarters Wednesday to have been chosen commander of the Allied forces in the eastern Mediterranean in case of war. Weygand, 72, but still active, landed Wednesday at Beirut, Syria, by plane from Paris where he held a scries of conferences with military and civil leaders. The new mission which took him to Bicrul at first was cloaked in official secrecy. One Way Out Of The Trouble •. .-^.j, * ion t iv>j nj (i jji v,-1,011 i|jcn £jn )yu u ii - ... i j city drive by the U. S. Census Bureau, W , aTsh '; P al ; adc - CENTKALIA, Wash.—When a 5250,000 fire swept this southwest Washington city recently it destroyed an ornate float designed for a Longview, however, the questioners are bing ml, in most eases, in friendly fashion. Among th "danger /-one'" questions are: Is the family home free from debt'.' What was your age at last, birthday? (Ticklish with the ladies only.) If not working or seeking work, what is the reason? How many times have you been married? tr "iViro Noli 1 SAC.HAMENTO. Calif. ~- i/l'i -- The network of wires in the state of California's own telephone exchange hero constitutes a city within a city. Mrs. Cru/. Wallquist, chief operator, .say.s I he .system would service a com- 'iiiunit.y of 110,01)0 persons. A Thought Triii: love's the gift which God hath given, to man alone beneath the heaven.—Waller Scott. CRANIUM CRACKERS Misplaced Words In each of the following groups, one of the five words or names docs not belong. Find the .stranger and tell why. I. Ted Ihusiiig. Bill stem, Dun Wilson, David Ross, (.irahuin McNamee. L J . Manual. enclurdimi, tracas- M'k', brochure, opnsclue. H. Virginia. Vermont, Murylau. New Hampshire, Delaware. 4. CCC, IC'CC, CIO, KCA, WPA, ;'i, uthiinasia, rigor mortis, asphyxia, revivficaliun. suffocation. AllSNM'K CM FilgU IV. 0 Japan Stranded; Russia Marches Russian planes raid Hailunarshan. U.S.S.R. OUTER MONGOLIA Russia moves reinforcements to 45-mile front. CHINA Chinese areas "taken" by Japanese troops. Guerrillas sti active in many areas. Japanese move to cut British Hong Kong from land communication with China. As friendly Germany effects non-aggression pacl with Russia, Japan fears she will be left to handle her war problems—Outer Mongolia and Cliina—alone. Soviet troops on Mongolia-Manchu- kuo frontier, present more serious threat to Japanese Uuui tver . before. Unable lo assemble another float before the celebration, city officials rented a goat which trotted along the parade route carrying a banner that read: "The fire got our float—but it didn't gel our goat." A Minnesota farm woman has requested a loud police whistle to call her children because they couldn't hear her voice. Wonder how she rounds up the hogs. MIND YOUR MANNERS f. M. ftCO. U. «. PAT. Oft. Hitler Is Willing To Discuss Terms Direct.With Poles But He Holds Out For The Annexation Of Danzig And Polish Corridor IN STEPS OF WAR Paris and Rome Clearing Children Out Of Their Capital Cities By the Associated Press Adolf Hitler was reported Wednesday to have indicated some willingness to negotiate directly with Poland, but informed Berlin quarters insisted the demands for the surrender of Danzig and the Polish Corridor remained unaltered, as Europe maintained the pace of her war preparations. The question of direct ngotiations, London diplomatic quarters said, was raisd by Hitler's new communication, which was considered Wednesday by the British cabinet. Whether a clear offer was made was not known, but it was said there was at least the suggestion that Poland sent a minister plenipotentiary to Berlin. Poland May Object This raised the important question as to whether Poland would enter negotiations with Germany in the face of fixed demands concerning Danzig and the Polish Corridor, and whether the withdrawal of German troops from the Polish frontier would be a condition of the negotiations. The British cabinet adjourned without fixing a time for a further meeting to consider a reply to Hitler's communication. This was iterpreted to mean that Poland and France would be consulted. • . There were no signs however, that any of Europe's niaior powers Wtf<e' relaxing their intense military preparations. The evacuation of children from Paris and Rome continued. In Paris, the French government announced Wednesday night that effective immediately the French railway system would be requisitioned for military use. For the fourth time the government called 011 the civilian' population to quit Paris. Premier Mussilini's Milan newspaper demanded the scrapping of what is left of the Versailles treaty. Poland called up an undisclosed number of reservists to augumnt her army, already estimated to number 1,300,000 to 2,000,000 men under arms. Nazis. Would Mediate BERLIN, Germany —</P)— The German government welcomes with extraordinary sympathy the offer of mediation by Queen Wilhelmina and King Leopold, two authoritative quarters said unreservedly Wednesday. These persons said the offer was not extendd to Grmany, but to Great Britain, France and Poland. As an example of Germany's willingness, these persons pointed out the discussion now going on with Britain. Mrs. Rus-sell Wcusncr of South Bend tells census taker all about her ]« children, Family roster includes rinlit boys, eight girls. ' ' Foreign Vessels Held Upfo N. Y. C. U.S. Wants To Make Sure That They Don't Arm Themselves On Sea BULLETIN' Johnson In Lead For Mississippi Holds 12,000-Vote Lead Over Conner In Early Returns JACKSON, Miss. • Paul B. John Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. fa dating a socail nole. it is necessary to write the year a.s September 3, 11)39? 2. Should social letter paper be folded only once before being enclosed in an envelope? 3. Is 'My Dear Mr. Smith" more or less formal than "Dear Mr. Smith?" •1, Should a woman ever sign a letter "Respectfully"? 5. Is "Cordially" as good a closing for a letter as "Sincerely?" What would you do if— You arc closing a business letter. Would you— (a) Write 'Sincerely yours"? <b) Write "Yours very truly"? <c> Write "Very truly yours"? Answers I. No. 1. Yes. 3. More formal. 4. No. 5. No. Sincerely is preferred. Best "What Would You Do" solu- ton—All are correct, but (a) is preferred today because it seems less stilted. Ni:\V YOKK.— (IP)— The liners Nor- \ t&ont running with the support of Sena- HHiiidie, Transylvania, Bremen and Acrjuitimiii, held here while customs guards searched (hem for contraband, will he permitted to sail late in the day, Customs Collector Harry M. Durning said Wednesday. NEW YORK —(/ft— The collector of the port of New York Tuesday ordered the German liner Bremen, the Normandie of the French Line and the British Aquitania and Transylvania to remain at their Hudson river piers "pending a search by customs officers j-'atisfactory to me." The big German ship already had been subjected to a day-long search and held many hours beyond her scheduled 6 a. in. sailing time—a detention which a North German Lloyd Lino offical said had prompted the German embassy in Washington to protest to the Statac Department. Collector Harry Durning's order followed by only a few hours the statement, of President Roosevelt that the Bremen was being held to make certain she could not be equipped at sea for offense purposes. The same treatment, the president said, would be givon the merchant ships of all potential European belligerents. The planet Jupiter is covered by a layer of ice 16,000 miles thick. tor Theodore G. Bilbo, Tuesday took a 12.000 vote lead over former Goy. Martin Scnnctt Conner for governor of Mississippi with about half the vote in, an dseemed assured of election, barring an upset. Cormier was backed by Senator Pat Harrison. The unofficial returns from 1,060 precincts of 1.660 in the state gave: Johnson 75.841 Conner 63,823 A total vote of 300,00 had been anticipated, but indications were it would fall short of this number. The Democratic primary amounted to election because Republican votes arc negligible in Mississippi. The 59-year-old Congressman Johnson was making his fourth bid for the governorship, the first three efforts ending in failure. Neither Bilbo nor Harrison took the stump but plainly indicated their choice, in another chapter of their fued in state politics. Bilbo had a further stake in Tuesday's results as he faces re-elec'ion next year and present Gov. Hugh White, Conner's friend, would like to unseat him. With Conner in the governor's chair. Bilbo's senatorial chances would be weakened and makeup of the state's IS-vote delegation to the Democratic national convention might be anti-New Deal. Thanksgiving To Be Early In 1940 Ivoosevelt Moves It Up To Third Thursday That Year Also WASHINGTON. - i/l'i - President Roosevelt has decided to proclaim November 21 as Thanksgiving day in 1S40. it being the third instead of the usual fourth Thursday. This corresponds to the president's action in moving, up the liKii) Thanksgiving to November 23, Twin Soldiers To Guard the Canal DANVILLE, i.-i^-;- James and Walter Eanes. twin brothers of Danville, soon will be reunited in army service in Panama. Sergeant Lylo V. Gannon, army recruiting officer, said Jamc's application for enlistment had gone through the regular channels and that he would be sent to P;<iHuu:i to join Walter, who enlisted July 18. Boiled Miukcs arc used as a cure for tuberculosis in Korea. Cotton NE\V OliLANS —(.¥>— October cotton opened Wednesday at 8.58 and closed at 8.47. Spot cotton closed quiet eight points lower, middling 8.7S. British Cabinet Meets LONDON, Eng. —(#>)_ The British cabinet was called Wednesdays morning to study a communication from. Adolf Hitler which Prime Minister Chamberlain had indicated might turn the "precarious balance" belween peace and war. The fuehrer's answer to a statment of the British posi'tioii, described by the prime minister as no moving "at jot" from support of Poland, was received here late Tuesday night amid much activity at No. 10 Downing street. There, at the prime minister's residence, Chamberlain and Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax studied the German reply until early Wednesday morning . Then leaving the Foreign Office about 2:30 a. m. (8:30 p. m. E. S. T. Tuesday). Halifax announced a cabinet meeting had been called for later in the morning. He did not give the hour. There was no immediate comment on Hitler's message. Must Be Permanent Former Foreign Secretary Aanthony den declared in a broadcast to the United States Wednesday that "the British people could not accept a compromise solution" of the present crisis "which merely postponed until six months hence another world crisis of a similar character." "We are all convinced., said cden "that the issues with which \ve urc confronted can admit of no patch-work compromise. We arc in an era of faic- lul decision. No solution of Die present situation can he acceplable unless it decisively strengthens the peace front, unless it manifests beyind doubt thai this tim the atempt to extract concessions by force has failed. "This time the conception of good faith in international dealing, or respect for the rights of people, events small or great, is going to prevail. We pray that the vitcory will be peaceful, but whether peaceful or not, the (Continued on Page Four)

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