Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 4, 1936 · Page 9
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 9

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 4, 1936
Page 9
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A ntouaitt It liter* It Any person to whom you f«*l dUUkt, Ihnt h the, person trf whom you oiijjht n*v« w to Hope Star — FaUr SfttnJ"d»y i night; .Sunday. . (nctfembiff somewhat warm- VOLUME 37—NUMBER 72 (AIM- MI-HUM AR-M-el.-uixJ HOPE, ARKANSAS,:SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1936 Jiiniuirv IS, Hi"*. I !• I' 1 .'; FTI-SK, 1521, PRICE 5c COPY KRAFT ANNOUNCES FACTORY BEHIND THE SCENES By Rodney Dutcher Urged to Stop Interest Loss in Damage Actions ' f i>Atty. - Gen. C u m m ings Cites Costly Delays to the Government ARISE IN ARKANSAS WASHINGTON.—Neutrality legislation is certain lo bring on a dog fight almost as soon as the new Congress convenes. ..... ._....•_ -(t, 'n, c present neutrality law, admittedly a .stop-gap, is going to get n very thorough combine-over at the hands of such men as Senators Nyo, I Bone, VandcnbcrK, and Borah. \ This debate will IK- complicated. The I only way to keep it at all straight is to I1 ('number two princiuples: j 1. The league principle is to find I the aggressor in any war, and to ptin- j i.sh thai aggressor by sanclions, Ihnt is, by refusing to sell certain war materials to him. 2. Tlie American principle, in the present law, provides no attempt to determine which party to a war i.s to blame. It simply provides that the United States will trade in certain articles with neither. The aim here is not to punish either side, but simply to withdraw from dangerous waters. Not Ciuldrd By League Thus in Ihe present American plan, il is entirely a matter of chance whether American action supplements league action in punishing an aggressor. In the ease of Italy, because cutting off war materials from Ethiopia means nothing, the American course in cutting them off from Italy did correspond regularly with the league action. But there is no reason to think it might in another case. Suppose Italy pounced tomorrow on the British fleet, and war was on The American law leaves no discretion. We would have to cut off all trade with both Britain and Italy in war materials immediately, quite regardless of what our sympathies or beliefs might be. If neutrality legislation along the present line i.s extended to include leaed right of action accrued. Three \ many kinds of near-war material, of them, regarded us typical and rep- j such as oil, copper, trucks, tractors, rescntatlvc of the whole number, ] scrap iron, and the like, participation were primarily selected for hearing I of Britain in a war would take a big on demurrers which the govcrsment slice out of .foreign trade. Plaintiffs in Eudora Spillway Case "Deliverate- ly Delaying" WASHINGTON - </}') - Attorney General Homer Cummings, citing Arkansas landowners—damage claims as examples, recommended Saturday to congress legislation to prohibit payment of interest where trial of cases is delayed by plaintiffs. Cummuigs referred to the 75 .suits now pending in the court of claims, aggregating 5(52,537,913.0!), and to the 12 suit* pending in the federal distirct court nt Little Rock, aggregating approximately $100,000 claiming damages which may result from construction of flood control works along the Mississippi river in Arkansas. "Thee are all intercit-benrinff cases," .-.aid the report, and they were instituted almost six vears after the al- nrttl - "Deliberate Delay" .. *. "On hearing, the court of claims 'Ljjpvcrruled the demurrers without prejudice. The plaintiffs, instead of proceeding with their case.s, and submitting their evidence, have been and Hinds- President's Hands The thing that is worrying..senators is: what do we want to accomplish? President Roo.svvc'lt, when the present law was passed, inclined toward letting the president have some discretion. But Congress did not permit ire delaying prosecution of these suite in the court of claims under the a.s- | tcl ' sertion and contention that another 1 Jl1111 this, nor is it likely it will this win- means only one tiling: the ;M:( 111/11 tinvt *.k»tii,v.ititi.'ii i«mi, in «....•••.., . . suit brought and now pending in the! w»rkmR "f the neutrality law may districl court al Little Hock, will, upon j '"<« «». '» '«'«»» oppostUon to the final adjudication, -settle all issues or'W 1 ' nslwid " f r ""« lll - v l"'"-.-'Hehng law involved in the whole, group." ; «™ l <^ ™?™;. m . „ , Under Ibis class of It i.s all a f|uestion ow whether wi want lo try lo keep oul of war re- M,,d. was one by lie tr.-stce.s of the , ^ Missouri Puc, ,c nulroad for appros- £ inutcly $36.0W.OIW cla.me.l as dam- , * SecretarN ages if the government proceeds with : ^ ^ .. Amcl . icil „,„«, ''' the flood control plan. I he ''''""' o> "' claims it will be necessary to raise its tracks, bridges and roac lied to a height jibnvi- any^expecled fl^ wa^t- (Conti.iued ur.'WeThrW)"" CM I |t/f \4-i- M"OPK f I fir KPT rtl otuuiv iiittiu^t tit Victims' Amazing Credulity Bared at French Observers Swindle Trial of the "Drake Heirs" Firm Ban Against War Exports Invites Trouble for Europeans ENGLAND LIKES IT 1936 O II t 1 0 0 k, SlirpllUS j i-. i r actors Bull Dl'iVO ' ! NKW YOHK-tCopyright Associated! Press) —A.s the New Year o|K:ned 111. 1 • .stock market. Wall .Street's barometer j of hopes and fears, rose l'i the highest i jv.int MIH-C 1 it'll. i '/ Uehii'd the demand for shares were ', feveral factors: j 1. Hopeful prnnounci'incnts of an- ' thorilie.s on the I'.Kiti outlook for trade , and industry. ' 2. Continued search of surplus funds I ! »• employment. i 3. Indications that the 12 months! ahead will probably see further ex- I pan.Mon of the heavy industries. j FLAPPER FANNY SAYS.- t HtO. U.!>.PAT.OFF. j choose." A. r. «'f L. Faces "Revolt" There is considerable new worry at American Federation of Labor head' quarters over the "revolt" of the Radio Workers and Allied Trades Union. Thi.s new industrial union in the radio and electric refrigerator industry has built up some lifi.OOO members under tin- aggressive leadership of J James 13. Carey, a young man who i jumped into a field in which Ihe old! line electrical craft unions had largely tailed. Now Carey, xvitli a large and going organi/ation, demands an international charter as nn industrial union. The liadio and Allied Trade is now merely a federal union under direct A. K. of L. .supervision. If the international charte ris granted, it xvill mean that this new union in a growini.' field will be independent. The story of tin; auto unions in DJ>» troit and tin; rubber unions in Akron is being lold all over again. Can't Laugh This Off Hill with Ihe agm-.ssivc Lewis pushing for indu-strial organization, it is harder lo laugh off dcmand.s like Carey's, and harder to delay. The rub is, as usual, the fact that the standard electrical unions claim jurisdiction over many of the em- ployes in the Kadio and Allied Trades, and they aren't giving il up, even IhouL'h I hey themselves had failed to U takes iX lot of push to swing a mau julo marriuut tU«»« day*. [Continued on page three) Sales Forbidden, But Liquor Legal Possession and Transportation Legal Despite Local Option Vote LI'ITLE ROCK-The attorney general's department Thursday advised Earl R. Wis-emaii, .state revenue e">m- mi.-siimu', that possession of Irans- porlalit-n of legally .-lamped liquor in territory that has been voted dry in lucid option elections does not violate the law. The '»pi)iion \v;t.< isMieil after iiujuiry been made by J. H. Cornish. county justice c.( (lie peace . held by the attorney general that the Thorn liijuor control art per- ''• mils communities t'i prohibit the sale i ill liquor, but there is no law pro- j hibitinu possession or transportation , ol legal liquor in dry territory if such i pnhsesMoii or transportation is n<if I Icr the purpose of sale. had Howard It wa>' U. S. Oil Embargo Would Permit League of Nations to Strike Also By the Associated Press ; President Hoosevell's message lo' the American congress Friday nighti brought expressions in some French j quarters Saturday that it might in-, crease European war preparations instead of hindering them. Those sources saw the possibility that the suggestion for an oil embargo j against Italy might be strongly re- j vived, because of Roosevelt's plan to I keep American exports of essential ! war materials to Italy and Ethiopia at j peace-time levels. i In London the belief was generally , held among observers that if the • United States barred the exportation of oil to belligerents the League of Nation might do likewise. Reliable sources in Home .said the elasticity of Roosevelt's neutrality plans was their saving grace. Roosevelt Speaks WASHINGTON.—(/I'')—In his annual message Friday night, President Roosevelt called on congress to protect the nation against foreign autocrats bent upon war and against autocrats at home who seek to "gang up on the people's liberties." He attacked critics of the New Deal in language that was almost unprecedented for an annual message. Although he mentioned no names, his denunciation of "determined * groups" and entrenched "greed" seeking to regain control of the government was considered directed at the American Liberty League. The Democratic members of congress, filled with thoughts of the hit- ler political campaign ahead, repeatedly interrupted the address with applause. As the president entered the brilliantly illuminated house chamber where the house and senate were in joint session, th ('applause punctuated with yelk and stamping, lasted for two minutes-. A.S ho stood waiting for it lo cease, the president look off his wrist watch and placed it on the raised manuscript pedestal in front of him. He spoke from the reading clerk's desk below the dais of Speaker Byrns. Grouped in front of him were members of his cabinet, and behind them members, of Ihe .senate. House members filled the rest of the chamber. In Ihe galleries, crowded to over- j flowing, sat only those fortunate) enough In obtain tickets for adtnis-1 sion. ' The president spoke in measured , tones, pausing now and then for em- ! ph.'isis. ' Never before had a president deliv- | ered his annual message on the "state j of the union" at a joint evening ses- j sion. , Safety Promoted •; by a Road Patrol i -..— , | State Ranger Head Says,! However, Present Force ! Is Too Small ' By O. P. Hants Associated Press Staff Writer LITTLE ROCK-(,T)-Hope that the ; ,'c.tup of the Arkansas State Rangers , in the future could include an i;f- j ficii-nt highway patrol a.s a means of • set-King to decrease the number of j lalalities in traffic accidents was voiced Unlay by Superintendent Gray Al- j bright. ' "Nearly all Mate police organizations ! embrace a highway patrol." said thr ' RatiLvr chief. "We do not have suf- j ficicnt men to maintain a regular i highway patrol. However, we arc do- ' voting as much time as possible luj highway work. ' "If (Jin- legislature should elect to ' < nlarge ( >ur force and restrict drivers' lid use. i am sure there would be a .-harp decline in highway fatalities! and acid, nls, '•Whatever degree of success we ' max 1 have attained ill thi.s and other j phases of our work, to a largo ex- I lent, is due to the splendid co-opera- | linn given us by .sheriffs and polic" ( officers throughout the state." ! A classification of the -Ifil] arre.sls I made between May 15 and December 1 2~\ f-)i' highway violations follows: ' Reckless driving 2$ \ i Spi-tding !) ,• ! Improper license 32 I Ininropcr liuhts !T)8 Unlicensed drivers 112 Unlicensed vehicles and drivers S No Arkansas licen.se . . . H Impreper usi' of dealer's lieen.se 1 Overloaded truck .. il Leaving scene of accident I Owns All World's Gold, Is One Heir's Belief Estimated Total of 70,000 Persons Have Been Duped by Old Story FLEECED MILLION talll's Wealth HaS f nl . Ovpr '^00 1UI WVU OUU CHICAGO. —(NBA)—Depths of credulity, blind faith, and pitiful hopes beyond imagination have been revealed here in the Drake Estate trial, to be resumed January G and probably concluded this month. Lutheran ministers in Iowa, Wisconsin farmers, country store proprietors in Nebraska, Oklahoma housewives occupants of an Iowa poorhouse, Texas barbers, at least 70,000 of them in nil, paid 51,350,000 of their hard-earned money in the hope of petting it back a thousand-fold from "Tlie Drake Estate." Forty-one men and women are on trial, charged with using the mails in collection of the money. Most of them have shown in court a pathetic faith that Oscar Harlzell, ringleader in the plan to collect "Tlie Drake Estate." i.s honest .though he i.s already serving a 10-year' term in Ft. Leavenworth for fraud in the Drake case. Most of them are unshaken in theii fuith that there i.s a Drake estate thought the government says there isn't. And mast of them arc only waiting until, .surely within a few months, a man will come along and shower them with gold for the dollars they have put in. Estate Campaign Starts Sir Francis Drake died in 159B. more than :)00 years ago. Ho was a British naval officer, privateersman, and explorer. First to carry the British flag around the world in his ship, Tlie Golden Hind, Drake plundered Spanish colonies and ships and returned to England with vast treasure in gold and silver. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth and died in the West Indies years later. He had Ix-cti married twice. Years ago, Oscar Hartzell ,an lowap in England, claimed to have discovered a descendant of a son of Drake, who was presumed to bo heir lo vast estates left by Drake. Hartzell claimed thai rights lo the estate had been assigned to him by this heir. About 1921 he began writing letters back to his native Iowa, asking people lo give him money to help him collect, promising to reimburse Ihe donors a thousand-fold when the estate was liquidated, II was said to consist of vast tracts in Drake's native Devonshire, including all the city of Plymouth, a.s well ;LS 80 acres in the vrr.v heart of London. There was also wild talk of a secret bv Riddle Confirms Star's Story of 6th of December Teissler, in Charge of Kraft Factories, Here Within Few Days TO PICK LOCATION A vision of u flood of gold, brought originally to Elizabethan England by Sir Francis Drake (lower center) in his ship, The Golden Hind (top right), has brought -11 defendants Into a Chicago federal court charged with lining the mails to defraud. They had been collecting funds from people who hn|>cd thereby to share in "Tlie Drake Estate.' 1 Oscar Hart- zi'll, left, is shown as he was brought from Leavenworth federal penitentiary to testify. He started the movement, -and collected $800,000 from "investors." Right, below, is Detective Inspector Arthur Bishop of Scotland Yard, brought to Chicago to testify. Beside him is Canfield Harlzell, Oscar's brother, one of the present defendants. Quorum Court to J Will Weir Drops Dead of Apoplexy Money Pours In British legal authorities said there i was no Drake .state. Historians .--aid ! Drake had no sons. Thai never dam- • pened the faith of the hopoful lowans who were helping Hartzell to live like a lord in London. The money kept coming. ! Postal aulhorilie.s were nol able lo have Harlzell extradited for mail j fraud. ,s<> Ihe British finally depot-fed i him. He was arrested at the dock, j and two years ago he began .sen-ing a). 10-year .sentence for mail fraud. j You might think that, the faith of small town folk and farmers from Dakota to Texas would be shaken by ;ill i this. But not at all. j After Hart/ell's conviction the mmi- '• ey kepi rolling in. His agents, includ- I ing his brother. Cnnfield Hart (11. | continued lo colled il. It i.s thr.-.e | people who are now on trial. Belief Is l.'iisliaken The defense of most of them i.s that they believed, and believe, in the existence of such an estate, and that they put (heir own money intuit. Some unquestionably did. Witness after witness has reiterated his faith in Ihe validity of the e.Male and of his claim to it. Some were collecting money fur the project on a 'Continued mi page Hirer.) Meet on Monday Annual Appropriations to Be Voted-Prohi Hearing Scheduled Same Day The adjourned term of the Hemp- stnad County Quorum Court convenes Monday, January G, at Washington, to make appropriations for the now year. The court held its regular meeting November 11, 1935, but delayed voting annual appropriations until the financial record on the complete year \va-s available. On January G County Judge H. M. Stephen;; also is scheduled to hold an open hearing on a petition seeking a prohibition referendum for the county. If the petition is shown to have the signatures, of 35 per cent of the qualified voters of the county the referendum will be ordered, the date probably being February 18. New Court Fight for Bruno Landowner Dies Suddenly After Stroke on City Street to | Radio Interference j Due Short-Circuit I Municipal Plant Makes j Repair on South Walnut ; St. Saturday Morning i A good-sized share of Hope's popu- i lation was "listening in" on the radio j broadcast of President .Roosevelt's j speech opening the new congress Fri! day night—but a terrific interference : of snorts and growls practically ex- i tinguishcd radios on the south side ! of town. The Star and other uptown offices : were flooded with telephone coni- Likely llth Hour Attempt to Force Supreme Court to Review Conviction auffered a stroke of apoplexy on the ftreet.s in downtown Hope Friday afternoon and died a few minutes later as an ambulance rushed him to Josephine hospital. Mr, Weir was a poncer citizen of the county. Funeral services will be he-Id at 2 • p. m. Sunday from Fir.st Presbyterian ! church at Washington, conducted by; the Rev. J. C. Williams, pastor. Bur- | ial will be in Washington cemetery. | Surviving arc a daughter, Mrs. Gene i Pinegar of Washington; two sisters, • Mrs. A. P. Dcloney of Washington, and j Mrs. Loulov. 1 Hubbard of Cuba, who! i.s .serving a.s a missionary there. j i A grandson. Herbert Lile. is also a i j survivor. Stcalhii; Fruit A Uirceny j TALLAHASSEE, Fla. —(/Pi-- Thv theft of citrus fruits, a misdemeanor heretofore, is now larceny in Florida. Where the. value of the fruit stolen is i $50 or more, five years in the penilen- : tiary or 51,000 fine i.s provided. ; Will H. Weir, 56. well known Hemp- j >? lilinU " £omi ;. ^a.B suggested Satur- 5lG.,d counlv planter and landowner, ''^'."^'"'"f, wff ^ •? I cf the Republican National Committee i —but the power of a political parly, i in this instance, at least, was ap- ! pa rent ly exaggerated. ! For the radio was all right in most j sections of the cily. , The trouble in the .south half was Early Establishing of Whole Milk-Market Is Assured This Section Kraft-Phenix Cheese corporatio'n officially announced Saturday that a new-cheese factory would be installed in-Hope. The : announcement confirmed a story -which The Star had obtained on reliable authority and made public December 6. Saturday the newspaper received the following letter from A. J. Riddle, general manager southwestern division of Krafl-Phcnix corporation, written from Denison, Texas: "Acknowledging your letter of December 31 to Mr. J. M. Roddy. We are planning on establishing a factory in Hope in the very near future. There has been some delay in getting on the ground; however, Mr. Teissler, in charge of our .factories, will be there within a few days and we hope to proceed rapidly . in getting organized to take milk. "You may publish this statement if you wish. We are endeavoring to find i a.building that we can put in shapa to handle our business. I understand there are several available but we have not selected one—that is something Mr. Teissler. Will handle when he gets over there. "Assuring : 'you that we appreciate your interest and co-operation, we remain yours, '.'..'.. A. J.. v RIDDLE, General , Manager t Cheese Corporation." January 2,'1936 Denison, Texas." Establishing of the new Kraft factory will mean resumption of the monthly milk checks for Hempslead county farmers which this area enjoyed during 1929 and 1930. The Kraft company is returning to Hope with a direct-operated cheese factory, on a permanent basis, according to information obtained by The Star from reliable sources December G. Tlie milk-survey of the trade area, completed by Kraft a month ago, was' entirely favorable, plus the added necessity of the farmers finding other uses for land barred from, unlimited cotton production. The whole-milk market created by the ;cheeAe factory will furnish an additional cash crop, allowing feedstuffs to be turned into milk for a monthly pay check. _ _ TamWl C °>° tCS At hible mile, ; jute English aiiport.s. it 1.1 pos to hire an airtaxi at (i cents : THKNTON. N. J.-An I'.attle along new lines United States Supreme view Bruno Hichard 'It.'Venlh hour i to force the Court lo re- ' Hauplniann's' NOTICE TO SERIAL READERS (Jwinu In a rare meclianieal truu- ble yesterday Chapter iiil of The Star's serial story. "Willi All My Love." was partly illegible. The ,'i'!lth chapter i.s beinu re-nin. lo- gelher with Chapter 40. Tluuik >on. conviction threatened Friday to tie, the executioner's hands with red tape long biyond the week of January 13. This new strategy is intended lo makv Chief Justice Charles Evans HiiiilK'S anil hi.s riiihl associate justice.- Ihe final arbiters c.f Bruno's fate in spilr of a previous rebuff from ' Ihe nation's highest tribunal. ! Tin.- complicated and highly tcchni- ! •al li'Kal fi,uhl will not be. launched. | however, nnle.v- and unlil Haupt- : manp's plea for commutati.m of th 1 ' • death sentence to life impnsonivunl j is rejected by the New Jersey Couit' of Pardons. 'Ihe mercy tribunal will! be Ciijivi nr<l next week lo consider j Bum. '.- c.i.-e. Gev. Harold (',. Huff- i man indicated. ! Hi'.nptnumn in person appi' 'Veti th'.' i (lining scheme Friday afternoon ,,1 ,1 ; death h.inse confereiKv with Llo> d • Fi-lur. chin' (lel'eii.ve lawyer. The; plan \vas pel 1'eeted at meetings h 11 - h.ei'n Fisher and his as.-uiciate.s Frol- cricl; Pope and Kgbei I Kosecnins. It consists of Dine moves. Bruno's' lawycis frankly re.ua.rded the plan as l.ol i riH f. althLUyh in the end it may (Continued on pa^e two) j Bulletins M>I)IS AHAIl.1. Ethiopia—</(',— cUsrain riporting Ihe A.ncrican field Hospital .( liaggag Bui. fiii-iuerly headed by Dr. llohert Iliii-knian (,( Wiicuton, III., ha.l liccn bomlicd. was received Satin- day by Dr. T. A. Lumhic. head of the Kthioplan Ki'd Cross. Dr. lluckinan uas killed recently \vlu-n a ln.n-l) uliich he Ixli'M'il lu lie a "ilu<l" i-xploded .sudilcnly. ll.-VTTLE CRKKK. Mich.-t.-l',- Tl'ii'e perM!]is were liiirnvd (» death early Saliirdiy when lire destroyed their lieme here. The victims \\crc: {'laic 1.. Culver: his \\ifc Uelilah. I!): anil their -months-old daughter l.uvcsta Vivian. C.KNKVA. Swilvrland — ..!'. — yuvict Kus-ia uppcal«-<i In ilie League of Nations Saturday au.iin.-l t'l'tiguay's breaking off .lilil.mialic n.luiiiius with Ihe I . S. S. A., asking (hat the ilisputc he heard at the mid-January sc-siini of the League c-oiniril. due Ic a shorl-circuil on lower South Walnut street between two transmission wires of he municipal light plant, Ihe plant told Tile Star Saturday morning. Lineman made he repair prompt ly. Kemp Casey House Destroyed by Fire $1,500 to $2,000 Loss Reported in Early Saturday Morning Blaze ; Kirc al 2 a. m, Saturday practically destroyed the home of Kemp Casey, ; Si-uth Walnut street. MOM of the ; h-ni.'ehold goods also \vcnt up ill •.-incke. Firemen estimated the loss at between ?l.. r >0(l and .SIMM". 'Ihe slrucUirc \va.s t nviloped in flames when the fire dcpartiiu:i'il arrived. A high wind hampered the jfiiemen in brinuiii!.' the Ula/i- under 1 rontrul. The fin- is believed lo lu,ve -tarled truiii a wood siovr in llie kitchen of ihe holl;O. -*.•« «». Potato Act Not in Upon KERNVIL^E, Calif.—(#>;-The coy- I ote is noted as one of Ihe wildest of wild animals, but Mrs. A. T. Loftbcrg, student of nature here, says she once succeeded in taming five of them. They even associated with the chickens without doing them harm, she claims. Lessons in Law-Making By the Associated Press Housewives and Other Consumers May Disregard It, AAA Announces lii.ii.-e\viws anil other eonsnni'.-'rs .:,.i\ buy potatoes in bulk i-r package ir; ilu- usual \\-a.v u-jfiiitut fe.,r ot vio- l:,l;ng the Mamp anil elo.-r(l eoll- l;-..i-.er M-.-iii.uis of she I'olati, Act. ac- i-i nling to the Aui icultural Adjust- mi nt Adminislruti-m'.s iiiterpietalion ol' Ihe logulations i.-slied l.iy tlu- Huriau cf Internal Keve'.uie tliis pa-i (C'.inliiuiCil on paiJe twol 7. Cash Kor Uncle Sam Uncle Sam provides funds for carrying on the work of the government in general appropriation bills which, by custom, originate in the house of representatives. The heads of the various departments and agencies of the government prepare estimates, on expenditures for j the- year and submit these estimates i to the. director of the bureau of the ; budget. He then prepares a budget j for each of the government establish- i me nls. j This budget is .submitted to the I president and. after it is in a form ' which he approves, he transmits it to | congress. ' Weeks before, various .sub-commit- tecs of tlu> house appropriations com- mittoe hold opon hoarincs and hear ; the heads of the various departments ;and agencies .submit i-Mimates of (heir i needs and reasons therefor. ' The budget i.s for Ihe guidance of ; eont'ru.-s an( ' '' '- s not obligatory upon • either the house or senate to follow it.s susaestions. Frequently the bud! net estimates are incivasc-d or de• civ.in-d by congress. ; The appropriations committee of ihe house drafts bills providing necessary funds for opertiii.-n nf the mix-eminent . : and tiny are aelnl uii.m by the house. ' The .-enate likewise ha.- an apprnpria- ' thi 1 appn>i>iiatiuii hills and may amend (hem in any way it sees lit. The .tovenmuni oporati.- all its business on a fiscal year .-.lariius rn July 1 and ending on June .'ill, and the an: propriations generally are for tilt fiss- •• eal year.

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