Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 6, 1941 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, December 6, 1941
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^. s< News Given Impartially by Associated Press ';<< / ' ^V^ I €FT ' ''il, • V ' ^r vt'^A^v V/^ * « V i* I ^'-t ^ ^^ -M *• \> * v - fc ,r /K^V? j^iidWiA^-iti^. ..t. * ,, ,.**£„. * * f 0 VpLUMfc 43 - NUMBER Stor of Hope, 1899; press 1927 Consolidoted Jonudry 18, 1929, Australia AftkANSAS —- *air ana slightly colder in the east portion Satur-' day night; Sunday fair With rising temperatures. PRICE ScCOPVJS Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN- What Do You Know About Percentage? Interest rote is something more than just a numeral Six ' Fo" the 223?* ? nt h* 100 ba ' anCe ] S seldo ™ ° ^ue 6 per cent cina I £ rlStl h * C °. ntraCt T d the manner in w hich prin- apal is retired are factors In determining what the interest MJM ICh ""*** th ° M ^ 9 ^ticle from the Metal magazine an interesting one: ~" - — ® Both Sides Are Attacking on .Moscow Front British to Be at War With Finland, .., Hungary, Rumania o*6:01 p. m . By the Associated Press Fighting on tho Moscow front Sat urday raging amid temperatures o if degrees below zero reached a new Vcak of violence as Adolf Hitler claim- eel the capture of seven towns while the Russians were reported to have broken through German lines in the Kalinin sector, 90 miles northwest o the capital. . '7 German spokesmen said Nazi troops had captured Mozhaisk, 57 miles west of tho capital and Klin, 50 miles northwest. Nazi front line dispatches also reported new gains in a sidesweeping ...movement cast of Orel and Kursk Midway between the Moscow front and the Soviet drive in the Ukraine, declaring that 5 towns had been captured in the arc. • Routers, British news agency, said Russian, counter offensive at the army towns. - ted heavy blows on ntr y d'visions-about mcn-and captured important Dispatches to Pradva, said the bat^e south of Moscow was increasing vi ferocity while the Germans were attacking constantly north of Tula, 100 miles below the capital and cutting the Tula-Moscow highway at several points. Large German tank forces were said to be taking part •n the attack. In the north around siege-bound .Leningrad Hitler's high command acknowledged the spread of Soviet counter attacks but declared Russian attempts to break out of the old Czar- jst capital had been repulsed with 'Aigh and bloody losses. Soviet reports said Leningrad defense armies had registered new gains in the Tikhvin sector, 100 miles east of Leningrad where the Germans were attempting to break through and ^om the Finns and reported that Soviet troops were taking one position after another. Meanwhile Britain announced that In n pamphlet published by the Public Affairs Committee, an attempt is made to explain, for the benefit of instalment buyers, how to figure percentages. An example: "Let us take actual terms quoted in one Lowell, Massachusetts, store. A radio was priced at $100 cash and $104 on time. The terms were ?5 down, the balance to be paid in 12 equal monthly payments. According to the dealer, the carrying charge was 4 per cent. For spot cash, however, he would deduct $10 from the 'cash' price. So, in reality it would cost the customer $14 to pay off n debt of $85 over a period of 12 months. The debt would be gradually reduced by the installment payments, with the result that the purchaser would receive credit, on the average, equal to about half the starting balance. Dividing 14 by half of 85 gives the annual rate of 33 per cent. As with nearly all percentages quoted by sellers, the 4 per cent rate quoted in this case is far from the true rate." How many instalment buyers are able to master such complicated arithmetic? * * * By WILLIS THORNTON Don't Judge the Future by the Present Evevry problem looks insolvable un- .il the solution is found. Natural- y. By definition. Mighty few problems have failed to yield to a solution sooner or later. When the solution is found the problem looks easy, and we ask ourselves "What was difficult about hat?" ' ' '" • • •••"!" •'•••"••-• ' /Every engineer, every mathematic- an, is familiar with this phenomenon. We do not so often think of social n-obiems in the same way. Though ocial solutions, and the answers to ocial problems are not as accurate nd final as the answers to an engineering or mathematical problem, working solutions are devised just the ame. And when they are devisH ve ask ourselves in the same way Why did we stew and worry about Right now one of the central pro- frndust*! 0 SSSiBSTAJS ^he smallest he men who work for wages, the managers, the owners—and the pub- c. New relationships are being forg- d all the time, new ways of ap- roach being explored, new answ- rs found. Because we do not see one single, nal answer, one formula that will 'ork like a chemical reagent on all tuations, we incline to be discoursed with the outlook. Because in rc- ard to certan problems like the Youth, Struck by Truck, Dies of Injuries Jomes McGarity, 8, Dies Following Accident on Highway 29 James McGarity, 8-yoar-old son of Mr. and Mrs. D. R. McGarity of Hope, died in the Juliu Chester hospital late Friday night of injuries sustained a few hours earlier when he was struck-down by a truck, 2 miles south of Hope on Highway 2D. Witnesses said the youngster ran from behind a school bus, squarely in front of the half-ton pickup truck which was driven by L. B. Hollis of Hope. The truck was reported to be heading north towards Hope and the school bus was going south. Tho truck driver stopped immediately and brought' the youngster to the hospital here in the autmoobile of a passing motorist. Deputy Sheriff Tom Middlebrooks who investigated the accident said witnesses told him that the truck was traveling at a moderate speed However, Deputy Middlebrooks continued to investigate the accident and asserted that a hearing would probably be held next Monday morning. The youngster's father is employed by the Anthony Lumber Mill near here. The youth is survived by his parents and a younger brother, Jean Roland McGarity. Funeral services will be held at the New Hope cemetery, 5 miles south of Sheridan, at 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon. U. S. Rounds Up Herd of 'Melancholy Elephants'. ... New Barrage Balloons Senator Pilkinton to Speak Over KTHS State Senator James H. Pilkinton of Hope"will be guest''speaker'"'on the Americanism" quarter-hour to be broadcast over radio station KTHS, Hot Springs, next Monday night from 6:30 to 6:45, p. m. The program is a regular weekly feature of KTHS and is presented each Monday night at the same time under the sponsorship of the Hot Springs Junior Chamber of Commerce. Senator' Pilkinton will be introduced by William Lookadoo of Hot Springs and will speak on "The Sources of American Liberty." .,_.,._ ^_, t *vuiii. c*i*ituuiti;mi iimi ™.» jj» ui./n_jna uivu itiu her declaration of war against Fin-1 closed shop, no answer has yet been land, Hungary and Rumania would """ ,take effect at one minute after mid- Viight Saturday night (6:01 p. m. C. S. T.) because the three nations refused to withdraw from the war. WhHe concecding that the declaration of war would not materially change the situation Britain explan- ';d briefly that the difference would be at the peace conference when the three nations woul be sitting on the other side of the table. Authorized sources said that Finland alone replied to the British note and that her reply was entirely un- '•'.fatisfactory. A British spokesman sai "it has become clear since last July that the Finnish government, jn facty was waging a war against Russia for purposes of territorial aggrandizement in- .ntead of a purely defensive war." Stops Lightning Lightning frequently stops when rain begins to fall, since rain acts as a conductor and quietly discharg- **s the electricity to earth. Southern Bird The fierce, carnivorous skua, not the penguin, is the southernmost bird on earth. This bird, which often visits -?00 miles inland toward the South "Pole, usually stays near the edge of the South Polar continent. It feeds on penguin eggs and chicks. CHRISTMAS >" SEALS Ffp/eef Home froth Buy now and put them on your holiday mail. They cost so little but do so much. Every citizen should lend a helping hand in this voluntary c a jn- payn. Talbot Feild, Jr., County Chairman Rev. J. E. Hamill, wan. City Chair- -- -*-i «•«««»*.* nua JCL UUUI1 lound, we assume there is no answer. That contradicts all experience. There are techniques and procedures not even suggested as yet, which will be commonplace 20 years hence. We will look back at 1941 and its squabbles over this and similar issues, and say incredulously, "Is it possible we quarreled over that?" For instance: it has been suggested that employers check off from every employe whether the money be paid over to the union as his membership or paid to come community charity if he chooses not to be a member. That would give every man the right to refuse to join a union if he didn't like the way it was being run, but at the same time it would fasten a sort of "social tax" on each employe to remind him that he cannot enjoy a "free ride" to the conditions won by the efforts of his organized colleagues. It would avoid virtual "penalty" on union membership that results when employes in a shop are allowed to enjoy union conditions without payinf their share of the cost of attaining them. Practical? Offhand, at the moment, we'd say No, simply because unions at present certainly would not accept such a condition. The only reason for advancing the idea at all is to show that all the thoughts have not yet been thought, all the proposals not yet made, all the possible solutions not yet suggested. This one may not be practical or valuable, yet it is new. As long as ne wsuggestions continue to come forth there is always hope for solving any problem. •• • •• Change Food Stamp Office Opening Hours Crit C. Stuart, issuing oficer of the Hempstead County Stamp office, has received notice tliat the stamp office will be open each Thursay beginning December 11 and will remain open all day. The office will close Saturday at noon each week. *!? e e l f ° w !' about six inc h e s long, ' in North America. Hope Boy on Debate learn Edward Lester Is Debater at Hendrix College /CONWAY-Edward Lester of Hope is a member of the Hendrix College debate squad again this year, according to Robert B. Cape], assistant professor of speech at .Hendrix. The question for debate this year is "Resolved, the United States Government should regulate/bylaw, labor unions A. debater both his freshman and sophomore years, Lester is this year's president of Tau Kappa Alpha, national debate fraternity. Hendrix debaters are scheduled to enter a tournament at Murray State Teachers College, Murray, Ky., next meet. 'Rebels 7 Seek to Carve New State of Jefferson 7 COPPER DEPOSITS LAS SEN • SUSAN VILLE AL i FORM i A By WALT STAFFORD s> Written for NEA Service YREKA, Calif. _ Step up and meet Jefferson," the proposed 49th state m the union. Some 45,000 residents of four frontier counties in California and Oregon are clamoring for secession, charging that their own state governments have failed to develop vast resources of timber and minerals. The new state would be short on population, but long on territory. Its 12,665 square miles would exceed the combined areas of Connecticut, Rhode Island and Delaware. The peaceful rebellion started in Curry County, Oregon, when that state failed to do anything about proven deposits of manganese and bauxite. Mayor Gilbert Gable of Port Orfor, in Curry County, announced plans to quit Oregon and join California. Immediately Siskiyou, Del Norte and Modoc counties of California warned him he would be hopping from the frying pan to the fire. They pointe dto big deposits of chrome, copper and manganese which they said couldn't be developed because the sovereign state of California would not build them passable roads. There followed a "mutual neglect" meeting at Yreka (now regarded as the provisional state capital) and the dream of a 49th state was born The Siskiyou Daily News conducted a contest to name the new state and "Jefferson" was suggested by J, E Mundell, Del Norte property own- The Siskiyou Board of Supervisors appropriate ?100 to give the secessionists a treasury, tnd virtually all of the supervisors of the four counties agreed to work on the project. Dr. E. F. Auble, Modoc Supervisor, summed up their attitude when he commented: "We wouldn't be worse off than we are now." Jefferson's state seal woul be a miner's pan with a double cross im- printe thereone — indicative of the double cross given the proposed state by California and Oregon—its proponents say. Meanwhile,, over a torturous 288(Continued on Three) Vacancy at Proving Ground Civil Service Exam to Be Given for Operator -j.^v.-, .&ii>,\«,,,.-*-^ fc£! !^, ,.,;, .. . .,,.,-. The manager, Ninth U. S. Civil Service District, New Federal Building, St. Louis, Mo., has advised that he will accept applications until the close of business on December 26, 1941 for an examination being held to fill the Portion of Telephone Operator, ?1260 a year, in the Ordnance Department at the Southwestern Proving Ground, Hope, Arkansas. Applicants must show that within the past 10 years they have had at least 6 months of experience as operator in a large central office, or at least 1 year of experience as operator in a branch exchange. Age limits for the examination (which do not apply to persons granted veteran preference) are: minimum 18 years; maximum, 55 years. Qualified persons are urged to ap- Full further information and application blanks may bo obtained from the Secretary, Board of U. S. Civil Service Examiners, at the Post Office m Hope, Arkansas or at the Office of Southwestern Proving Ground, Hope, Arkansas; or from the Civil Service District Manager at the address given above. Tigers Beat Hot Springs Negro Team Scores 6-0 Victory Over Langston For the first time in history the Yeager Tigers defeated the Langstoi negro high school of Hot Springs, 6-0 here Friday night at Hammons stadium. After three scoreless quarters the Tigers marched 65 yards for the only score of the contest. Eight Tigers Played their final game. Cranium Crackers Familiar Statues If you haven't seen these famous statues, monuments and relics in person, you're probably familiar with them through picture and story. But have you noticed some of these little details about them? 1. What does the Statue of Liberty hold in her left hand? 2. What does the minuteman who appears on defense savings stamps hold in his right hand? where is the original of this statue? 3. Where was the Liberty Bell first cast, and when was it cracked? 4. Whose statue surmounts famous monument in. Trafalgar Square, London? 5. Which of Lincoln's feet overhangs part of the pedestal of statue of the Civil War president at Lincoln Memorial j n Washington? e A«s\yers ou COrnic ' Are to Be Used by Growing Defense Units By MILTON BRONNER NEA Service Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON - Uncle Sam i rounding up a herd of "melancholy elephants for the army. That,"if you dont know, is what the British cal the lumpy barrage balloons which an so valuable a part of London's an ti-aircraft defenses. When and if war comes, this country will not only need barrage balloons for its coastal cities, but also to guard locks in the Panama Canal Welland Canal, Saulte Ste. Marie for ship anchorages, vital bridges, ammunition plants and other nationa defense industries. To avoid being caught napping army officials have sot aside a one- thousand acre tract of land seven miles southeast of Paris, Tenn., where officers and enlisted men can be thoroughly trained and formed into barrage balloon units. Finishing touches are being put on a school which will have six and twelve-week courses in the technique. The school, accommodating 7000 men, is expected to be completed by Jan. 31, 1942. Barrage balloon units formerly be- ionged to the Air Corps, and have oeen transferred to the Coast Atril- ery Corps, but the Air Corps is still charged with procurement of equipment. Two barrage balloon units were formed last summer, and four more are being organized. Until Camp Tyson, near Paris, is completed, training will continue at Camp Davis, N Army authorities, despite the vasl areas of this country, believe the United States won't need as many "melancholy elephants" as Britain, for geographical reasons. They contend that whereas great fleets of German planes can reach England in a short time, an enemy would need bases fair^3" -•closedto our- shores to--threaten real damage. Inflammable Hydrogen Gas May Be Used Later For safety's sake, most balloons in this country are inflated with noninflammable helium gas. Inflammable hydrogen gas, which will be used later because there won't be enough helium to go around, is used in some balloons for training purposes so the men will learn all of the necessary precautions. In England most of the balloons are sent up from parks and other open spaces. Army officials here are planning to attach some to the tops of skyscrapers in big cities like New York to give the balloons added altitude. Normally, the balloons soar about nine thousand feet overhead. Progress of Seal Campaign Chairman Says Citizens Giving Good Response Citizens of Hope are responding wholeheartedly to tho traditional Christmas Seal Campaign of the Tuberculosis Association, it was announced today by Rev. J. E. Hamill city chairman. "We do not wish to rest on our laurels and regard the campaign a complete success," Rev. Hamill stated "Our program for 1942 will be an extensive one, in view of the nationa emergency. "In addition to our regular work in leaching the citizens of this vicinity that tuberculosis is preventable am 'curable, we must keep ourqelvos geared for any emergency that may arise." Ah interesting sidelight on htis year's campaign, according to Rev. Hamill, is that many people in this NJty have indicated wholehkirtedly their support of the campaign be* cause "it is an old American institution," Car Lot Watchman Attacked, Killed LITTLE ROCK -(#)- Attacked apparently by an automobile thief or thieves John Hoffman, 65, night watch man for a used car lot was found bludgeoned to death Saturday in his watchman's shanty. A 1939 coupe was missing. Smith Take a Back Seat LOGAN, W. Va. -(/Pj- The city of Logan is one place where the Smiths don't outnumber those of other names, and the Joneses and the Browns are even fewer. The telephone directory shows that Brownings, all 36 of them, are the most numerous. The Cooks were second with 20 and the 16 Smiths a poor third. The Joneses and the Browns weren't even in the run- Debunked The so-called wet and dry positions >f the moon can be predicted hundreds of years in advance, but no one con foretell wet and dry went her accurately months in advance. Merchants to Attend Banquet Hope C. of C. Will Honor Gov. Adkins Here Tuesday It has been suggested to the Chamber of Commerce that all merchants who have profited materially from the ocation of the Southwestern Prov- ng Ground near Hope reserve tables for their clerks at the banquet honoring the two men who arc most responsible for the location of this de- xmse plant here, Hope Chamber of .ommcrco announced Saturday. Said the chamber: "This consideration will no doubt be appreciated not only by the men and women who have worked hard for .he past four months but by the Chamber of Commerce, Senator Spencer and Governor Adkins, arid a list of air merchants who do this will be published if they will call this office. "Several have enquired if women are permitted to attend the Governor's Banquet next Tuesday night Smphatically, yet—It is hoped that there will be as many ladies present as men or even more. There will be slenty of room for all who wish to attend but those who want the more desirable seats should reserve a table at once. Reservations for single tickets will not be made." Drive of Red Cross Closes Only Few Names to Be Published Chairman Indicates The Hempstead county Red Cross drive neared completions here Saturday when chairmen reported donations of nearly $300 boosting the total to date to $3,882.76. Chairmen indicated that only a few more names remained to be published. Donations follow: Previously Reported _ $3585 63 To Send Tanks, Men fo Fight Against Japan f .50 ,50 .25 .50 .10 .30 .50 .50 .50 .50 .25 .50 .50 1.00 .50 Flossie Coleman _ Francis Bolls . _ ZZ Claude Walker '. Ambrous Hamm Herbert Whilten _. J. W. Mayo Faye Boyd _ "~ Addell Bruce ZZ Mary Taylor ZZZ Geraldine Collier .... _.""' Claudia West 1 C. B. Roberts ZZZ F. Beasley __ " Ola Taylor ZZZZ Mary Lou Rowe Z Mildred ,McElfresh Opal Pe'dron _ __~. -au Timothy McClendon "Z" [50 Barnum Wright _. \ 00 Willie Hunt _.... _ I'OQ Russell Hightower ZZ" ^25 Brice Thomas _.. ZZZ" J'QQ Donation g 00 Hope, Arkiuisqs Colored Emma Green __ 125 Queen Walton ZZZZ 1.00 Lillie Lewis _ \ QQ Mary Chambers ...ZZZZZ LOO S. N. Slory .... _ 50 Mattie Lee White 35 Gcrtha Harrison .... 25 I. B. Elliot Z ^25 Anna Harris ZZZZ '.25 Mary L. Bumphas ZZZ ^25 Eamcstine Murray _ 25 Lorelta Holyfielf ZZ_Z !25 Ninnie Kindreck Z. .25 Emma Clard Z .50 Belle Cheatem ZZZ .10 Jessie Jones _ 10 John Witliam _ 'ZZ 05 Delia Ree Holyfield ZZ.. ,05 British Get Ready at Singapore as V Far East Crisis Hears Head By the Associated Press Britain threateningly recalled) her fighting men to posts at Singa"^ we Saturday as the Far East" crisis^ hung in delicate balance and British! radio reports said that Australia^'adl arranged to send tanks and troops^ o help the defense of the/DutcKf East Indies in the event of war.'f^ Officer and men of service—fleet,***, air and army—were told to report^ mmediately at Singapore, complet-*" ng a state of readiness at Britain's^ Gibraltar of the Orient." "• w , ^f Trucks and other vehicles were -dis-l matched to downtown points in ;ral Singapore to take men to smp.w lying fields and army posts. There *4. was no explanation whether the order^l meant a sudden new emergencv "CIS Japs Can't Leave '"" J Simultaneously all non-Britons forbiden to. leave British Malaya „««-",.< out special government permission.^' Japanese waiting to sail for Thai- 1 ' land were forced to disembark and!? their baggage was brought ashore. " Developments , .^, Other rapid fire developments were:*_1. Tlie British steamship company* Nippon Yusen Kaisha, called home thel chiefs of this Singapoie and Bombay offices. 2. Without explanation Japan" calle two attaches of the Japanesel embassy in Washington. ( f ,, «,j« (The German radio identified them^t as military attaches.) «-|||" 3: A .Domei (Japanese news agency)! dispatch from Bombay said Japanffi ese nationals in India and Ceylon had asked Tokyo to^send another, repair!/ is ation,:ship. -Many-Japanese" "there ali H ready had been taken home. * ' " ^ 4. Australia, already bolstered by 4 '" new secret military plans to Joi£ ? ,th«r U. S., Britaui and the Dutch **~- M Indies in a declaration on their v tion in face of possible Japanese gression. . . .. . ,The Australian Associate j; statement would summarize as lows:,- . 'While the situation is such uwir- further evelopments may occur aW any moment;it would seem that Jap^M an still is at a stage when she,^ feeling to assertain how far she can,i go without provoking with both the j i '* nm ' r ''' — -* iu - British Empire ' lift (Continued on Page' Three) "We are fully aware of the JapaneseW threat and are not afraid of it." ' "'" No More Teacher's Pet . BUENOS AIRES -(/P)_ The nn, ional Eucation Council, which super-f vises elementary schools, has declar- "^ ed war on aspiring teachers' pets in' '•Argentina. It is determined to i e{im-t'"' mate the brightly polished appje or bouquet of violets coyly placed pn- teacher's desk with ingratiating in'-'" tent. School inspectois have been instructed to watch carefully not only, for pupils bearing gifts but for par", ents as well. « , — •»»»* '' ' Goes Through VICHY-W>)-Writing a novel on 'post cards is one of the unexpected-^* tricks Frenclimen have had to '—— *^*a earrf because of the demarcation line which divides the country in two. Three French authors, Philippe, Henat, Francois de Roux and Ger, mame Beaumont, living respectively at Villefrance-Sur-Mer and Cassis m Jie Unoccupied Zone and at Monl; fort-lAmaury in occupied territory, are collaborating on a novel by cor-' •espondence. Since only post cards nay pass between the two zones, Uw text has to be copied out on hundreds, of cards to be sent back and forth. Daylight Time"*^' Clocks are not always set one hour mead for daylight saving time. They are only set 30 minutes ahead in New ^ealand; 20 minutes ahead on Africa's Gold Coast. Said the owl with a ropty-toot-tqot, As he munched on a Turkish cheroot: All J want on my tree Is a dictionaree And a mate with a lyrical hoot." 15 SHOPPING DAYS TILI. CHRISTMAS

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