PAGE FOUR HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Saturday, August 2 Woman Pioneers Poor Farm Into a Rich Sheep Ranch By RUTH MILLETT Mrs. Lucille Jentzen could meet a pioneer woman face to face and never give «h inch. She has done some pioneering herself. Fourteen years ago this born-and- br«d New Yorker walked out form I behind the counter of a delicatessen,' made the down payment on a house and ^165 rocky acres—optimistically called a farm. Today she's sitting pretty. The New Jersey farm, vastly improved, is hers. On it she has a herd of 200 very special sheep —the kinH whose hides go into expensive Persian lamb coats. Her daughter- eight when the mother turned pioneer—has been sent through an exclusive college. And Mrs. Jentzen. at an age when most business women start dyeing their hair in an effort to meet younger competition, hasn't a single fear for the future. No Job Is Too Hard for Her Until you feel her muscles, impressive as a college foitball player's, it's hard to believe her story. "I do everything myself, even to dynamiting boulders from the fields. I painted the outside of my 12-room house when it needed painting, put a newTrciof on it when the old one began to leak, laid a hardwood floor in the kitchen. I've built both wire and stone fences. "I raise all the feed rof my sheep. Right now I'm cutting alfalfa. Once a year I go to the fur market and sell my pelts—pelts that I've skinned myself. "Between times, I turn an honest dollar any way I can. I sell about 40 quarts of milk a day. Occassionally take a calf or ram down to the stock- wards. "In the winter I make comforters, using wool from my own sheep, wool that I have sheared, washed and brushed myself. In the winte.r too, I rent the farm to hunters. Whenever I get a chance, I take a boarder. "Anybody can make a rundown farm pay—but it akes a lot of fancy tthinking, as well as a lot of hard work." Gives Advice About Farms Agriculture colleges and farm bureaus around Mrs. Jentzen's part of the country send young people to talk to her when they want to go back to the farm—and make it pay. For her farm has spread. Just the other day, the B. F. Goodrich, Company asked Mrs. Jentzen to bring her working overalls and be their guest of honor at the opening of Farm Week at the World's Fair. She left her haying long enough for that Weiss holds a number of titles. Weiss is 47 years old. Friends say he opened the World war by an unauthorized shot: At the fortress of Metz, on hearing that the declaration of war had been signed ho caused the first cannon to boom at the French—although the order to fire had not been given. Always a soldier, he had joined the kaiser's army in 1911. Afterward he became a journalist, met Hitler in 1922, and shared in early Nazi party struggles. Weiss on journalism; ' "The National Socialist is never exclusively a journalist, but always a propagandist, charged with political energies. "The people err who mourn the loss of the so-called freedom of the press. The German Reich wiuld never have been able to carry through its tremendous work of reconstruction if the editors of the German press had been able to seize up the problems involved in as irresponsible and undisci- plained a manner as in former times." w Something New in Life Jackets for Fair Aquaplanersl, With the County Agent Oliver L. Adams Miriam Williams demonstrates practicability of new life jacket to lie worn by feminine entrants in aquaplane race between Catiilina Island and Manhattan and Hermosa Beaches, Calif., Aug. G. ., resembles a bolero. When wearer falls into water, it inflates immediately. Jacket Few Pilots Reach (Continued from Fage One) As "impressive as a college football player's" is the muscle Mrs.; Lucille Jenlzen developed during the years when she turned a run- t down farm into a paying proposition. She is pictured at the wheel of one of her farm machines. 3.500 a year." By use of psychological tests it is loped to weed out many men before he expensive training begins, but 10 far nobody kows exactly what makes a good flier, or a poor one. Four psychologists and 22 universities are :ooperating under the air school scheme to try to find out. "The air corps at Randolph field (the army's principal flying school) selects only the perfect physical specimens." says Hinkley. 'They have had instances down there where an ail- America football player could not learn to fly and a tap dancer did learn 4 Newspaper Men (Continued from Page One) Italians Declare (Continued from Fag« One; is try. Military prepcrations along the Polish border went on through the night and military sources said Germany is "ready for any action on the part of the Poles or anyone else." Important movements of German troops were noted on roads in the vicinity of Glciwitz between the border towns of Hindenburg and Bcuthcn. An entire floor of Gleiwitxs largest hotel was taken over tonight by staff officers. Army telephone lines were being strung through this Silesinn region. No Censorship Reason for the sudden closing of lines of communication was not apparent early today. The shutdown came without svarning. But there was no censorship and the official German news agency continued to bring in reports from the rest of the world. While hope that a conflict might be avoided faded during the night and radio station con- out martial music, Working Wife Branded "Chisler and Deserter" world democracies war is already declared and opened against the fascist and national socialist revolutions, or rather against Italy and Germany, which must unite all their means of defense against the common menace." Andre- Geraud of Paris has been writing political news for 22 years under the name of "Pertinax." For But we do not know whether an- I more than a decade, at first almost other tap dancer could or another all-America football player could not." "War Is Hell," on (Continued from Page One) X really first-grade fliers. l[ ' Robert H. Hinckley, a member o 4 the Civil Aeronautics authority, say: ,3 women may be admitted to the train •? ing. Hickley agreed that a lot of If people would consider money spent on ?• women fliers as utterly wasted. \ 'But a lot of women would give " you an argument on thata," he said. I ,- Nazi Mortality Rate | Hickley thinks even 10,000 is a | small crop. I. -'Germany has 65,000 men between $ 18'. and 35 years in training camps '3 and is turning out 25,000 pilots an%. nually. Of course, Germany under *:• this high-pressure system is killing |i them off at the rate, of about a mini|| mum of three every two days, to a •| maximum figure that I have read of Congress. Congres quit early on the day of the first battle of Bull Run in 1861 and followed the Union forces out of town to watch them wrap up the Johnny Rebs. Members perched themselves on convenient hillsides to see such sport as Congress is rarely treated to. Hastily and bacly organized, both Feds and Confeds were about to take to their heels before the battle was many hours old. But Stonewall Jackson held his Virginians to the line and the other Confederates rallied. No Federal general stood "like a stone wall" to encourage the union forces. They broke and started for home arid mother. Congress adjourned from the surrounding hillsides, singly and in groups. There was no threat of filibuster. They headed for Washingtor by unanimous consent. alone among French observers, he would bring Europe to a new crisis. Now. in 1939, when the crisis full Z\Q\V, Pertinax says its greatest ef- 'ect on his has been to "destroy my nome life and ruin my exercise." Such a remark typifies his dfviecled life. Pertinax, the confidant of statesmen, is essentially a homebody. He does much writing at home, enjoys his gardens. Pertinax writes fluently in both English and French. He directs and edits "L'Europe Nouvclle" 'The Ne%v F.urope a political review. He writes also for L'Ordre, the Baltimore Sun and This Week. He is stock, of medium height, carefully dressed. He favors gray suits, a gray homburg hat, and gray gloves. Pertinax describes his politics as: "France." Himself: "A lover of dogs, good food, fine French wines and sports." His methods; "My good friends telephone me. The others, I telephone." Captain Wilhelm Weiss, a pale, slim every German tinned blaring sleepless diplomatic observers were somewhat relieved when the ban on outgoing messages was lifted. It was impossible to determine whether Germany had been in contact with other countries during the night. The last fact known for certain was that Hitler had called in the British, French. Japanese and Italian ambassadors. It was reported the interviews were "not very encouraging" for peace. Grmany was still insisting on demands which amounted to virtual capitulation on the part of Poland. Aids Bulgaria SOFT, Bulgaria—(#>)—Deputy George Markoff, vice president aof the National Assembly, said tonight that Soviet Russia had signified its full approval of Bulgaria's territorial claims on Roumania. Soviet Russia herself, never has renounced her claims on Bessarabia which was an- next to Roumania at the end of the World war. Markoff said Molotoff had told him during a long audience in the Kremlin that Soviet Russia's help would be forthcoming because "it is the opinion of Comrade Stalin that Bulgaria should have justice." Markoff, who returned today from Moscow with 21 other deputies, told newspapermen that Soviet Premier Molotoff had said "The Soviet finds Bulgaria's claims fully justified." It was the first sign of possible <s> By FLORENCE B1K1IMINGIIAM (Wr|ttcn for NEA Service) Working wives arc a menace to the general welfare, to the public health and to the morals of our nation. The avenue of employment is a one- way street, cluttered with married women. In America today arc thousands of people on the dole with no member of their family unit working, while thousands of married couples on public payrolls receive double income. A married woman's place is in the home if her husband can support her. Man was meant to be the protector and supporter of the home; woman, the guiding spirit of it. A married woman takes on a new I legal personality with marriage. She does not retain her identity as does a man. There is a change in her duties to the general welfare. In addition to new responsibilities; rights accurc to her in law: her husband lives; on his death, her dower and homestead rights known in the south and southwest as the community property law. The single girl, on the contrary, has to look out for herself as nobody is legally bound to keep her when she reaches maturity. Matrimony us a Career Working wives should find the self- expression of which they prate through the careers which they choose of their own free will—martimony. They arc a threat to the public welfare and morals by their own act in (generallyI denying children to state and nation, and by forcing single girls and job- i less graduates into wrong paths of I life. These young girls, denied their right to a job, are not permitted to develop . . . German-Russian co-operation in af-^ an not bo : their lives and have homes of their own, but are forced into degradation. There is no advancement for women while thousands are driven to prostitution through economic necessity. Not being the superwomen thep pretend, working wives can not do two jobs well. They neglect either home or job. As they bear a double burden, they are not as competent a.s .single women. They can not be diginifcd by the name of workers. They are chslcrs, deserters from their post of duty, the home. In the federal government, as well as in every state, city and town, are thousands of childless wives employed at a salary suffcient to maintain an entire family while their husbands also draw a handsome stipend from the public trough. Employment of both is a wrong allocation of jobs that :d when there is so THE HOME WIFE "A married woman should lie proud in give herself io lier home" , , — - ........ .,«-.,.,».. _« ui^.m,^,., ,., 0..-: little man, runs the Nazi party's feeling territorial changes in south- much most important and official organ; the Voelkischer Beobachter of Munich, Berlin, and Veinna. Like Goebbels, Weiss is crippled. He lost a leg during the World war. Like Gocring, STANDINGS The Unexpected and the Expected SHOCKING NEWS: MORE THAM 2O KIUEP AMP 6O iMJUREP l»4 WRECK CAUSED BY <3i^OOP OF MEM WHO PERAIUEP Southern Association Memphis '. 75 56 ^573 Chattanooga 72 58 .554 Atlanta 73 60 .549 Nashville 71 59 .546 Knoxville 68 63 .519 Birmingham 59 75 ,440 Little Rock 57 74 .435 New Orleans 51 81 .386 Friday's Results Little Rock 10, Atlanta 2. Chattanooga 11, Nashville 2. Birmingham 3, Memphis 1. Games Saturday Atlanta at Little Rock. Nashville at Birmingham. Chattanooga at Memphis. Knoxville at New Orleans. National League Forsaken Economic conditions have changed due to thousands of women who neglect their main duty, motherhood and home making, for jobs. In 1930 there were well over three million married women working. Today there are well over five and a half million, based on the estimate of the job census of John D. Briggcrs, who cliamed wives are working today who never worked in 1030. In the nation there arc more than 11,000,000 jobless and 26,000,000 employed only part time, with 3,000,0001 upon WPA and 300,000 young men in the CCC. There million families in the United States are being supported by relief. The life of a nation is menaced by selfish couples who marry merely to pool their salaries and cut down on expenses. Such marriages arc based on complete materialism. A Return to "Savagery" The American government should he striving to raise the wages of the husband, legally the head of the family instead of encouraging wives to go Clubs. Cincinnati St. Louis Chicago Brooklyn New York ... Pittsburgh Boston Philadelphia W. ... 71 .... 65 .... 65 ... 58 ... 56 .... 52 .. 49 .... 36 L. 43 48 53 54 57 60 63 74 Pet, .623 .575 .551 .518 .496 .464 .437 .327 ^'.^.-vr.^-v-',-;;^'^^;. v "T- , fcart«e*5e*M«*»ftc»».=».Vf»=-.:-^ •<••?••. Friday's Results Pittsbrgh-New York, rain. Chicago-Boston, rain. Only games scheduled. Games Saturday Chicago at Boston. Cincinnati at Brooklyn. Pittsburgh at New York. St. Louis at Philadelphia (2). American League Clubs. New York Boston Chicago • Cleveland . Detroit Washington Philadelphia St. Louis 84 72 65 62 . 61 ..50 ... 40 . 33 34 43 53 54 56 69 77 81 Pet. .712 .626 .551 .534 .521 .420 342 .289 Al T\ Oil/ ARMS «M EURPP6 AS ItTTLE PECIPE WHETHER OR NOT TO SEt4£> THEM TO SUAJLJGHTeS?. Friday's Results New York 11-8, St. Louis 0-2. Chicago 9, Boston 2. Cleveland 6, Philadelphia 0. Detroit 5, Washington 2. Games Saturday Boston at Chicago. Philadelphia at Cleveland. Washington at Detroit. Nfciv Y:;rk at St. LtJui.,. eastern urope. Nazi German leaders have publicly espoused Bulgaria s claims for return of the Dobrudja from Roumania. Italians Look for I'eacc ROME, Italy —(Pi— Rome's two morning papers Saturday said the intense diplomatic activity being pursued in Europe had increased hopes that war could be averted. The articles appeared to reflect official opi- ion and on'j of the papers, U Mes- saggero,; hinted Premier Mussolini might take a hand in trying to settle the crisis. "Intense diplomatic activity of recent days, culminating Friday, revive hopes," II Messaggero said. 'The long talks of the fuehrer with the Italian bassador, the feverish work of the contact with Count Cianu (Italian foreign minister) who has pursued the most intense diplomatic activity, the repeated cncouters of our minister of of foreign affairs with the German ambassador, th feverish work of the chancelleries of all Europe have created the possibility of a ray of light. n index of which is the voyage] to London of Henderson, bearer of a plan of peaceful solution given him by Hitler and which at this hour ought to be the object of the most attentive examination on the part of the government of London." Both H Messaggero aJid II Popolo di Roma made fervid appeals for peace crisis were not solver peaceably Italy papers added, however, that if the THE WOKKINK WIFE "She is a ik'serlor from her post of duly, the ohme" RAISING A FAMILY Some Children Fear Water—and That Should Be That-—Such a Phobia Is Not a Shameful Thing- near Mrs. Hall: / The only unfortunate thing about Andy fearing water is thai it makes him unhappy and cuts under his pride. into business ami inrluslr.v. America must preserve the homo by keeping there the wife and mother who .should not have to work outside to supplement I he family income. Civi- i-ied women are protected in Iheiir natural career of home making. When married women, through economic necessity, are obliged to seek mitsirlo employment, wo retrograde to the saverauy. for example, of the Indians, who forced the squaws to do all the work. A married women should be proud of (jiving herself Io her home instead of priding herself on holding a job in a little office. No genius of the arts, sciences, literature, painting, sculpture mourned the infinite amount of time arid strength expended in producing a masterpiece, and no really understanding, intelligent mother complains of her hardships. For u healthy eh the supreme masterpiece, and the crisis were not solved peaceably Italy j supreme sell-expression oi any wo- \vai "yrepdieu." I man. As for you. do .slop being ashamed of him. ll is no disgrace to lie afraid of mything. from a daddy-lung.legs to a ihtmder bolt. Andy's fear of water probably dates nack to his early babyhood. Bui again, we can't be sure about phobias of this kind. However, so'me children accept water easily, from the time they play in their own little tubs, as babies. You cannot force bravery into a child. Any attempt to duck Andy or drag him into the foaming surf, may end all hope 1 of ever .surmounting hi.s dread. 1 think you would do better Io disregard hi.s timidity. Pretend not to no- lice, when lie builds sand forls on the beach while the other children are sporting about like young seals. Maybe one day, when he thinks no one i.s wa).chir<.'. he may wade in up to his ankles, or sit down in shallow eddies. Next year, lie might be more venturesome, but if he isn't I'd let it go at thiil. 1 like the idea ot children's swim- Ming pool.-:, where the water is only a foot deep. Here the child sees plenty of water, but he knuv.'s il can't hurt hi'iit From lhi.rj puyl he £iiAdujlc-6 into the! Tho trench silo furnisher, the cheapest and safest from for storing rough- ages from the standpoint of cash expenditure. Advantages ot the trench silo over nlher types of silos are: I can be con- tructed in a short time with labor infl equipment available on the farm. t is less expensive to fill Ihnn the illcd xvilh uncut material. H i« wind- iroof, fireproof, and frost proof. Sil- KC can be placed and packed con- •enticntly, mid it may he removed 'asily. Wiitcr cmi easily be applied u the .silage. A good sign of winter weather on nnsl farms is white butter and a horUige of milk, both caused by lilllc - no green feed for the diary cow. Very liltlc can be done about the vcathcr, hut most farmers win have ?ood winter pastures if they will nke time now to plant the right crops. They .should also remember that good winter pastures are just as necessary 'or sheep, hogs, beef cuttle, and poul- ry as they are for diary cattle. According to Chas. F. Simmon.';, Extension agronomist, University ot Arkansas College of Agriculture, the jest crops for fall and winter prstures ire fall grains such as oats, wheat, rye, and Italian rye grass. Rye grass should be broadcast in September at the rate of 20 to 30 pounds per aero on the permanent pasture. No covering is necessary. Since seeding rye grass is listed as a soil building practice under the AAA, it can also be used as a means of earning the soil building practice allowance at the rate of $1.50 per acre. Oats should be planted at the rato of 8 to 10 pecks per acre on a good seed bed in late September. The seedbed should be prepared by breaking the I! or 4 weeks before planting and allowing the soil to settle. Oats may also be drilled in cotton middles just after a rain without further preparation. The value of oat.s for hay or pasture can be increased by seeding about 15 pounds of vetch with the oats. Rye or wheat should he planted on land prepared as for oats at the rate of fi to 8 pecks per acre. Wheat should he planted about October 1, and rye. should be planted from October 1 to November 1. depending on the climate, failures with fall grains usually result from planting them too late, plpanting without preparing a good seedbed, or planting only inland too poor for any other crops," Mr. Simmons said. Normal winter temperatures will not seriously damage fall grains when they are planted properly. Even after using oat.s for pasture during winter, some farmers harvest 40 to BO bushels per acre. On thin land, 200 to 300 pounds of a 4-10-4 fertilizer per acre will result in a profitable increase in grazing capacity and grain, the agronomist advised Applications for price adjustment payments on cotton under the 193!) farm program will he taken beginning Thursday, August 24, and payments arc expected to be started in a short time. Meetings will be held in different community centers in order that each \ operator and all others interested in the cotton crop may more conveniently sign the applications for payment. In addition to signing application for payment at the meetings, marketing cards will be distributed, work sheets signed and instructions given on how to secure the most from the soil biulding practices. Meetings announced for this week are: Patinos, Thursday morning August 24, 8:00 until 11:00 o'clock; Spring- jhill, Thursday afternoon August 24, 11:00 until 4:00 o'clock. The same hours will bo used Friday, August 25, for Fulton in the omrning ad MeNab in the afternoon. Schedules of time to visit other communities next week will be announced Thursday or Friday. Payments to individual farmers are based on the cotton acreage allotment for the farm and the normal yield established for the farm based on the three-year average production. Pay- metns are made at the rate of 1.6 cents per pound. As an example, a farmer having a cotton allotment of 40 acres and a normal yield of 2(10 pounds per acre will receive a payment, nf 1.6 per pound on 8,00 pounds or $128.00 as his Cotton Price Adjustment payment. shallow end of the larger pool. A good swimming instructor understands the psychology of water-fear in children and acts accordingly. Tact Will lie-In (o Slop Fear Yes, I know, your husband gcU; angry. And probably (ells the old story of learning to swim by the boys pushing him off the dock. 1 don't approve of that method. Anything that causes sudden horror is best avoided when possible. But I think I'd let Andy alone this summer, put him under a good instructor when you return to the city, and next year 1 think that neither you nor hi.s father will regret buying the cottage on the shore. Yours sincerely, Olive Roberts Barton. Fourteen thousand WPA works of art have been allotted to tax-supported institutions.
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